49 relations: Acetylcholine, Adipocyte, Adrenaline, Adrenergic receptor, Agonist, Alkaloid, Animal locomotion, Antihypotensive agent, Barley, Beer, Biogenic amine, Bitter orange, Blood–brain barrier, Candicine, Deoxyepinephrine, Desipramine, Dimethyl sulfate, Fluorene, Gastric acid, Gastrin, Guanethidine, Hordenine, Hyoscine, Imine, Isoprenaline, Lipolysis, Malt, Methylation, Methyltyramine, Migraine, Monoamine oxidase, Motility, N-Methylphenethylamine, Natural product, Norepinephrine, Octopamine (neurotransmitter), Pancreatic juice, Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase, Radioactive decay, Radioactive tracer, Reserpine, Substituted phenethylamine, TAAR1, Trace amine, Trachealis muscle, Tritium, Tyramine, Tyramine N-methyltransferase, Tyrosine.
Acetylcholine (ACh) is an organic chemical that functions in the brain and body of many types of animals, including humans, as a neurotransmitter—a chemical message released by nerve cells to send signals to other cells.
Adipocytes, also known as lipocytes and fat cells, are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.
Adrenaline, also known as adrenalin or epinephrine, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication.
The adrenergic receptors (or adrenoceptors) are a class of G protein-coupled receptors that are targets of the catecholamines, especially norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and epinephrine (adrenaline).
An agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response.
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
Animal locomotion, in ethology, is any of a variety of movements or methods that animals use to move from one place to another.
An antihypotensive agent, also known as a vasopressor agent or pressor, is any medication that tends to raise reduced blood pressure.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.
Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.
A biogenic amine is a biogenic substance with one or more amine groups.
Bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, or marmalade orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus × aurantium) and its fruit.
The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective semipermeable membrane barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS).
Candicine is a naturally occurring organic compound that is a quaternary ammonium salt with a phenethylamine skeleton.
Deoxyepinephrine, also known by the common names N-methyldopamine and epinine, is an organic compound and natural product that is structurally related to the important neurotransmitters dopamine and epinephrine.
Desipramine, sold under the brand name Norpramin and Pertofrane among others, is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) which is used in the treatment of depression.
Dimethyl sulfate is a chemical compound with formula (CH3O)2SO2.
Fluorene, or 9H-fluorene, is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
Gastric acid, gastric juice or stomach acid, is a digestive fluid formed in the stomach and is composed of hydrochloric acid (HCl), potassium chloride (KCl) and sodium chloride (NaCl).
Gastrin is a peptide hormone that stimulates secretion of gastric acid (HCl) by the parietal cells of the stomach and aids in gastric motility.
Guanethidine is an antihypertensive drug that reduces the release of catecholamines, such as norepinephrine.
Hordenine (N,N-dimethyltyramine) is an alkaloid of the phenethylamine class that occurs naturally in a variety of plants, taking its name from one of the most common, barley (Hordeum species).
Hyoscine, also known as scopolamine, is a medication used to treat motion sickness and postoperative nausea and vomiting.
An imine is a functional group or chemical compound containing a carbon–nitrogen double bond.
Isoprenaline, or isoproterenol, is a medication used for the treatment of bradycardia (slow heart rate), heart block, and rarely for asthma.
Lipolysis is the breakdown of lipids and involves hydrolysis of triglycerides into glycerol and free fatty acids.
Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in a process known as "malting".
In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group on a substrate, or the substitution of an atom (or group) by a methyl group.
Methyltyramine may refer to.
A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.
L-Monoamine oxidases (MAO) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of monoamines.
Motility is the ability of an organism to move independently, using metabolic energy.
N-Methylphenethylamine (NMPEA) is a naturally occurring trace amine neuromodulator in humans that is derived from the trace amine, phenethylamine (PEA).
A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.
Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.
Octopamine is an organic chemical closely related to norepinephrine, and synthesized biologically by a homologous pathway.
Pancreatic juice is a liquid secreted by the pancreas, which contains a variety of enzymes, including trypsinogen, chymotrypsinogen, elastase, carboxypeptidase, pancreatic lipase, nucleases and amylase.
Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) is an enzyme found primarily in the adrenal medulla that converts norepinephrine (noradrenaline) to epinephrine (adrenaline).
Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.
A radioactive tracer, or radioactive label, is a chemical compound in which one or more atoms have been replaced by a radionuclide so by virtue of its radioactive decay it can be used to explore the mechanism of chemical reactions by tracing the path that the radioisotope follows from reactants to products.
Reserpine (also known by trade names Raudixin, Serpalan, Serpasil) is an indole alkaloid, Major Types Of Chemical Compounds In Plants & Animals Part II: Phenolic Compounds, Glycosides & Alkaloids. Wayne's Word: An On-Line Textbook of Natural History.
Substituted phenethylamines (or simply phenethylamines) are a chemical class of organic compounds that are based upon the phenethylamine structure; the class is composed of all the derivative compounds of phenethylamine which can be formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the phenethylamine core structure with substituents.
Trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) is a trace amine-associated receptor (TAAR) protein that in humans is encoded by the TAAR1 gene.
Trace amines are an endogenous group of trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) agonists – and hence, monoaminergic neuromodulators – that are structurally and metabolically related to classical monoamine neurotransmitters.
The trachealis muscle is a smooth muscle that bridges the gap between the free ends of C-shaped cartilages at the posterior border of the trachea, adjacent to the esophagus.
Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.
Tyramine (also spelled tyramin), also known by several other names is a naturally occurring trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine.
In enzymology, a tyramine N-methyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-adenosyl methionine and tyramine, whereas its two products are S-adenosylhomocysteine and N-methyltyramine.
Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.