31 relations: Aluminium, Application-specific integrated circuit, Bipolar junction transistor, Boolean algebra, Boolean data type, CHMOS, CMOS, Copper, Depletion and enhancement modes, Depletion region, Depletion-load NMOS logic, Digital electronics, Diode–transistor logic, Dissipation, Electron, Emitter-coupled logic, Extrinsic semiconductor, Field-effect transistor, Integrated circuit, Logic family, Logic gate, Logical NOR, Microprocessor, MOSFET, PMOS logic, Polycrystalline silicon, Pull-up resistor, Self-aligned gate, Static random-access memory, Steady state, Transistor–transistor logic.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
An Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), is an integrated circuit (IC) customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use.
In mathematics and mathematical logic, Boolean algebra is the branch of algebra in which the values of the variables are the truth values true and false, usually denoted 1 and 0 respectively.
In computer science, the Boolean data type is a data type that has one of two possible values (usually denoted true and false), intended to represent the two truth values of logic and Boolean algebra.
CHMOS refers to one of a series of Intel CMOS processes developed from their HMOS process.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
In field effect transistors (FETs), depletion mode and enhancement mode are two major transistor types, corresponding to whether the transistor is in an ON state or an OFF state at zero gate–source voltage.
In semiconductor physics, the depletion region, also called depletion layer, depletion zone, junction region, space charge region or space charge layer, is an insulating region within a conductive, doped semiconductor material where the mobile charge carriers have been diffused away, or have been forced away by an electric field.
In integrated circuits, depletion-load NMOS is a form of digital logic family that uses only a single power supply voltage, unlike earlier nMOS logic families that needed more than one different power supply voltage.
Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that operate on digital signals.
Diode–transistor logic (DTL) is a class of digital circuits that is the direct ancestor of transistor–transistor logic.
Dissipation is the result of an irreversible process that takes place in homogeneous thermodynamic systems.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
In electronics, emitter-coupled logic (ECL) is a high-speed integrated circuit bipolar transistor logic family.
An extrinsic semiconductor is one that has been doped, that is, into which a doping agent has been introduced, giving it different electrical properties than the intrinsic (pure) semiconductor.
The field-effect transistor (FET) is a transistor that uses an electric field to control the electrical behaviour of the device.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
In computer engineering, a logic family may refer to one of two related concepts.
In electronics, a logic gate is an idealized or physical device implementing a Boolean function; that is, it performs a logical operation on one or more binary inputs and produces a single binary output.
In boolean logic, logical nor or joint denial is a truth-functional operator which produces a result that is the negation of logical or.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
MOSFET showing gate (G), body (B), source (S) and drain (D) terminals. The gate is separated from the body by an insulating layer (white). surface-mount packages. Operating as switches, each of these components can sustain a blocking voltage of 120nbspvolts in the ''off'' state, and can conduct a continuous current of 30 amperes in the ''on'' state, dissipating up to about 100 watts and controlling a load of over 2000 watts. A matchstick is pictured for scale. A cross-section through an nMOSFET when the gate voltage ''V''GS is below the threshold for making a conductive channel; there is little or no conduction between the terminals drain and source; the switch is off. When the gate is more positive, it attracts electrons, inducing an ''n''-type conductive channel in the substrate below the oxide, which allows electrons to flow between the ''n''-doped terminals; the switch is on. Simulation result for formation of inversion channel (electron density) and attainment of threshold voltage (IV) in a nanowire MOSFET. Note that the threshold voltage for this device lies around 0.45 V The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of field-effect transistor (FET), most commonly fabricated by the controlled oxidation of silicon.
P-type metal-oxide-semiconductor logic uses p-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) to implement logic gates and other digital circuits.
Polycrystalline silicon, also called polysilicon or poly-Si, is a high purity, polycrystalline form of silicon, used as a raw material by the solar photovoltaic and electronics industry.
In electronic logic circuits, a pull-up resistor is a resistor used to ensure a known state for a signal.
In electronics, a self-aligned gate is a transistor manufacturing feature whereby a refractory gate electrode region of a MOSFET transistor is used as a mask for the doping of the source and drain regions.
Static random-access memory (static RAM or SRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that uses bistable latching circuitry (flip-flop) to store each bit.
In systems theory, a system or a process is in a steady state if the variables (called state variables) which define the behavior of the system or the process are unchanging in time.
Transistor–transistor logic (TTL) is a logic family built from bipolar junction transistors.