181 relations: Acts of the Apostles, Adam, Adam and Eve, Alexander the Great, Alpha and Omega, Annunciation, Anointing, Apostle (Christian), Apostles' Creed, Apostolic Age, Aramaic language, Augustine of Hippo, Augustus, Baptism of Jesus, Bible, Biblical Aramaic, Biblical Magi, Book of Enoch, Book of Revelation, Bread of Life Discourse, Calvary, Chi (letter), Chi Rho, Christ, Christian contemplation, Christian denomination, Christogram, Christology, Church Fathers, Circumlocution, Cleansing of the Temple, Common Era, Consonant, Council of Chalcedon, Crucifixion of Jesus, Cruden's Concordance, Davidic line, Deity, Divi filius, Early Christianity, Eastern Christianity, El (deity), Ellen Wondra, Elohim, Ephrem the Syrian, Epistates, Epistle to the Hebrews, Eschatology, Exorcism of the Syrophoenician woman's daughter, Felix culpa, ..., Finding in the Temple, First Council of Nicaea, Géza Vermes, God, God the Father, God the Son, Gospel, Gospel of John, Gospel of Luke, Gospel of Mark, Gospel of Matthew, Great Vowel Shift, Greek language, Healing the blind near Jericho, Healing the man blind from birth, Healing the two blind men in Galilee, Hebrew Bible, Hebrew language, Herod the Great, Holy Name of Jesus, Holy Spirit, Hypostatic union, I, I am (biblical term), Immanuel, Incarnation, Irenaeus, J, Jack Dean Kingsbury, James R. Edwards, Jörg Rüpke, Jesus, Jesus (name), Jesus in Christianity, Jesus walking on water, Jesus, King of the Jews, Jewish Christian, Johannine literature, John Calvin, John Dominic Crossan, John Navone, John the Baptist, Josephus, Joshua, Judas Iscariot, King James Version, Kiss of Judas, Koine Greek, Kyrie, Kyrios, Lamb of God, Lamp under a bushel, Language of Jesus, Last Supper, Latin, Letter case, Life of Jesus in the New Testament, Light of the World, List of Christian synonyms, Liturgy, Logos, Logos (Christianity), Lord, Luke 5, Mark Allan Powell, Mary Magdalene, Massacre of the Innocents, Matthew 1:1, Messiah, Middle English, Ministry of Jesus, Mocking of Jesus, Modern English, Moses, Names of God in Christianity, Nativity of Jesus, Nazarene (title), New Testament, New Testament places associated with Jesus, Paraclete, Passion (Christianity), Paul the Apostle, Pauline Christianity, Pauline epistles, Person of Christ, Petrus Ramus, Pharisees, Pharyngeal consonant, Philo, Pontius Pilate, Pre-existence of Christ, Prophet, Rabbi, Raising of Lazarus, Redeemer (Christianity), Rejection of Jesus, Resurrection of Jesus, Rho, Robert H. Mounce, Roman Empire, Rudolf Schnackenburg, Saint Peter, Salt and light, Salvation (Christianity), Sanhedrin trial of Jesus, Semitic root, Septuagint, Sergei Bulgakov, Son of God, Son of man, Synoptic Gospels, Tetragrammaton, The gospel, The Sheep and the Goats, Theophoric name, Thomas Aquinas, Thomas G. Long, Threefold office, Tiberian Hebrew, Transliteration, Trinity, Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, U, Ulrich Luz, Vetus Latina, Vocative case, Vowel, Western Christianity, Western Zhou, World to come, Yahweh. Expand index (131 more) » « Shrink index
The Acts of the Apostles (Πράξεις τῶν Ἀποστόλων, Práxeis tôn Apostólōn; Āctūs Apostolōrum), often referred to simply as Acts, is the fifth book of the New Testament; it tells of the founding of the Christian church and the spread of its message to the Roman empire.
Adam (אָדָם; Aramaic/Syriac: ܐܕܡ; آدم) is a figure from the Book of Genesis who is also mentioned in the New Testament, the deuterocanonical books, the Quran, the Book of Mormon, and the Book of Iqan.
Adam and Eve, according to the creation myths of the Abrahamic religions, were the first man and woman.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas, from the Greek ἀλέξω (alexō) "defend" and ἀνδρ- (andr-), the stem of ἀνήρ (anēr) "man" and means "protector of men") was a King (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;. and a member of the Argead dynasty, a famous ancient Greek royal house.
Arms with Alpha and Omega Alpha (Α or α) and omega (Ω or ω) are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, and a title of Christ or of God in the Book of Revelation.
The Annunciation (from the Vulgate Latin annuntiatio (or nuntiatio) nativitatis Christi), also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Annunciation of Our Lady or the Annunciation of the Lord, is the Christian celebration of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation.
Anointing is the ritual act of pouring aromatic oil over a person's head or entire body.
According to the Bible's New Testament, the Apostles were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.
The Apostles' Creed (Latin: Symbolum Apostolorum or Symbolum Apostolicum), sometimes titled Symbol of the Apostles, is an early statement of Christian belief—a creed or "symbol".
The Apostolic Age of the history of Christianity is traditionally the period of the Twelve Apostles, dating from the Great Commission of the Apostles by the resurrected Jesus in Jerusalem c. 33 until the death of the last Apostle, believed to be John the Apostle in Anatolia c. 100.
Aramaic (Arāmāyā, ܐܪܡܝܐ) is a family of languages or dialects belonging to the Semitic family.
Augustine of Hippo (or; Oxford English Dictionary. March 2011. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 May 2011. Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis; 13 November 354 – 28 August 430), also known as Saint Augustine or Saint Austin, and also sometimes as Blessed Augustine in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria), located in Numidia (Roman province of Africa). He is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. Among his most important works are The City of God and Confessions. According to his contemporary, Jerome, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith." In his early years, he was heavily influenced by Manichaeism and afterward by the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus. After his baptism and conversion to Christianity in 387, Augustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and perspectives. Believing that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom, he helped formulate the doctrine of original sin and made seminal contributions to the development of just war theory. When the Western Roman Empire began to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the pre-Schism Catholic Church as a spiritual City of God, distinct from the material Earthly City. His thoughts profoundly influenced the medieval worldview. The segment of the Church that adhered to the concept of the Trinity as defined by the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople closely identified with Augustine's City of God. In the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion, he is a saint, a preeminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinians. His memorial is celebrated on 28 August, the day of his death. He is the patron saint of brewers, printers, theologians, the alleviation of sore eyes, and a number of cities and dioceses.. catholicapologetics.info Many Protestants, especially Calvinists, consider him to be one of the theological fathers of the Protestant Reformation due to his teachings on salvation and divine grace. In the East, some of his teachings are disputed and have in the 20th century in particular come under attack by such theologians as Father John Romanides. But other theologians and figures of the Orthodox Church have shown significant appropriation of his writings, chiefly Father Georges Florovsky. The most controversial doctrine surrounding his name is the filioque, which has been rejected by the Orthodox Church. Other disputed teachings include his views on original sin, the doctrine of grace, and predestination.Saint Augustine in the Greek Orthodox Tradition, by Rev. Dr. George C. Papademetriou. Webpage: http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith8153 Nevertheless, though considered to be mistaken on some points, he is still considered a saint, and has even had influence on some Eastern Church Fathers, most notably Saint Gregory Palamas. In the Orthodox Church his feast day is celebrated on 28 August and carries the title of Blessed.
Augustus (Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Augustus.
The baptism of Jesus marks the beginning of his public ministry.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.
Biblical Aramaic is the form of the Aramaic language that is used in the books of Daniel, Ezra and a few other places in the Hebrew Bible.
The Magi (or; Greek: μάγοι, magoi), also referred to as the (Three) Wise Men or (Three) Kings were, in the Gospel of Matthew and Christian tradition, a group of distinguished foreigners who visited Jesus after his birth, bearing gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
The Book of Enoch (also 1 Enoch; Ge'ez: መጽሐፈ ሄኖክ mäts'hafä henok) is an ancient Jewish religious work, ascribed by tradition to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah, although modern scholars estimate the older sections (mainly in the Book of the Watchers) to date from about 300 BC, and the latest part (Book of Parables) probably to the first century BC.
The Book of Revelation, often known simply as Revelation or The Apocalypse of John, is a book of the New Testament that occupies a central place in Christian eschatology.
The Bread of Life Discourse is an episode in the life of Jesus that appears in the Gospel of John 6:22-59.
Calvary, also Golgotha, was, according to the Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem's walls where Jesus was crucified.
Chi (uppercase Χ, lowercase χ; χῖ) is the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet, pronounced or in English.
The Chi Rho is one of the earliest forms of christogram, and is used by some Christians.
Christ (Χριστός, Christós, meaning "anointed") is a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Māšîaḥ) and the Syriac ܡܫܝܚܐ (M'shiha), the Messiah, and is used as a title for Jesus in the New Testament.
In Christian mysticism, contemplative prayer or contemplation, for which the Greek term θεωρία theoria is also used, is a form of prayer distinct from vocal prayer (the recitation of words) and, strictly speaking, from meditation (a form of mental prayer, also called methodical prayer, based on discursive reflection on various considerations).
A denomination in Christianity is a distinct religious body identified by traits such as a common name, structure, leadership and doctrine.
A Christogram is a monogram or combination of letters that forms an abbreviation for the name of Jesus Christ, traditionally used as a Christian symbol.
Christology (from Greek Χριστός Khristós and -λογία, -logia) is the field of study within Christian theology which is primarily concerned with the nature and person of Jesus as recorded in the canonical Gospels and the epistles of the New Testament.
The Church Fathers, Early Church Fathers, Christian Fathers, or Fathers of the Church are ancient and generally influential Christian theologians, some of whom were eminent teachers and great bishops.
Circumlocution (also called circumduction, circumvolution, periphrasis, or ambage) is locution that circles around a specific idea with multiple words rather than directly evoking it with fewer and apter words.
The cleansing of the Temple narrative tells of Jesus expelling the money changers from the Temple, and occurs in all four canonical gospels of the New Testament.
Common Era (also Current Era or Christian Era), abbreviated as CE, is an alternative naming of the calendar era Anno Domini ("in the year of the/our Lord", abbreviated AD).
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
The Council of Chalcedon was a church council held from October 8 to November 1, AD 451, at Chalcedon (a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor), on the Asian side of the Bosphorus, known in modern times as Kadıköy in Istanbul province of Republic of Turkey, although it was then separate from Constantinople.
The crucifixion of Jesus occurred during the 1st century AD, most probably between the years 30 and 33.
A Complete Concordance to the Holy Scriptures, generally known as Cruden's Concordance, is a concordance of the King James Bible (KJV) that was singlehandedly created by Alexander Cruden (1699–1770).
The Davidic line (also referred to as the House of David) (known in Hebrew as Malkhut Beit David (מלכות בית דוד) – "Kingdom of the House of David") refers to the tracing of lineage to the King David referred to in the Hebrew Bible and in the New Testament.
In religious belief, a deity is either a natural or supernatural being, who is thought of as holy, divine, or sacred.
Divi filius is a Latin phrase meaning "divine son", or "son of the divine", and was a title much used by the adopted son of Julius Caesar, his great-nephew Octavian, the future Emperor Augustus.
Early Christianity is the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325.
Eastern Christianity consists of four main church families: the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Assyrian Church of the East and the Eastern Catholic Churches.
(or 'Il, written aleph-lamed, e.g. 𐎛𐎍, 𐤀𐤋, אל, ܐܠ, إل or إله, cognate to ilu) is a Northwest Semitic word meaning "god" or "deity", or referring (as a proper name) to any one of multiple major Ancient Near East deities.
Ellen K. Wondra is an American theologian.
Elohim (Hebrew: אֱלֹהִים) is a grammatically singular or plural noun for "god" or "gods" in both modern and Biblical Hebrew.
Ephrem the Syrian (ܡܪܝ ܐܦܪܝܡ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ (Mār Aprêm Sûryāyâ); Greek: Ἐφραίμ ὁ Σῦρος; Ephraem Syrus; ca. 306 – 373) was a Syriac deacon and a prolific Syriac-language hymnographer and theologian of the 4th century from the region of Syria.
An epistates (ἐπιστάτης) in ancient Greece was any sort of superintendent or overseer.
Epistle to the Hebrews, or Letter to the Hebrews, or in the Greek manuscripts, simply To the Hebrews (Πρὸς Έβραίους) is a text of the New Testament.
Eschatology is a part of theology concerned with the final events of history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity.
The Exorcism of the Syrophoenician woman's daughter, as described in the Gospel of Mark, or the Canaanite woman's daughter as described in the Gospel of Matthew, is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels.
Felix culpa is a Latin phrase that comes from the words felix (meaning "happy," "lucky," or "blessed") and culpa (meaning "fault" or "fall"), and in the Catholic tradition is most often translated "happy fault," as in the Paschal Vigil Mass Exsultet O felix culpa quae talem et tantum meruit habere redemptorem, "O happy fault that earned for us so great, so glorious a Redeemer." The Latin expression felix culpa derives from the writings of St. Augustine regarding the Fall of Man, the source of original sin: “For God judged it better to bring good out of evil than not to permit any evil to exist.” (in Latin: Melius enim iudicavit de malis benefacere, quam mala nulla esse permittere.) The phrase appears in lyric form sung annually in the Exsultet of the Easter Vigil: "O felix culpa quae talem et tantum meruit habere redemptorem," "O happy fault that merited such and so great a Redeemer." The medieval theologian Thomas Aquinas cited this line when he explained how the principle that "God allows evils to happen in order to bring a greater good therefrom" underlies the causal relation between original sin and the Divine Redeemer's Incarnation, thus concluding that a higher state is not inhibited by sin.
The Finding in the Temple, also called "Christ among the Doctors" or the Disputation (the usual names in art), was an episode in the early life of Jesus depicted in the Gospel of Luke.
The First Council of Nicaea (Νίκαια) was a council of Christian bishops convened in Nicaea in Bithynia by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325.
Géza Vermes (22 June 1924 – 8 May 2013) was a British scholar of Jewish Hungarian origin—one who also served as a Catholic priest in his youth—and writer on religious history, particularly Jewish and Christian.
In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.
God the Father is a title given to God in various religions.
God the Son (Θεός ὁ υἱός) is the second person of the Trinity in Christian theology.
A gospel is an account describing the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth.
The Gospel According to John (also referred to as the Gospel of John, the Fourth Gospel, or simply John; Τὸ κατὰ Ἰωάννην εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Ioannen euangelion) is one of the four canonical gospels in the Christian Bible.
The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan euangelion), commonly shortened to the Gospel of Luke or simply Luke, is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels.
The Gospel According to Mark (τὸ κατὰ Μᾶρκον εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Markon euangelion), the second book of the New Testament, is one of the four canonical gospels and the three synoptic gospels.
The Gospel According to Matthew (κατὰ Ματθαῖον εὐαγγέλιον, kata Matthaion euangelion, τὸ εὐαγγέλιον κατὰ Ματθαῖον, to euangelion kata Matthaion) (Gospel of Matthew or simply Matthew) is one of the four canonical gospels, one of the three synoptic gospels, and the first book of the New Testament.
The Great Vowel Shift was a major change in the pronunciation of the English language that took place in England between 1350 and 1700.
Greek or Hellenic (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to the southern Balkans, the Aegean Islands, western Asia Minor, parts of northern and Eastern Anatolia and the South Caucasus, southern Italy, Albania and Cyprus.
Each of the three Synoptic Gospels tells of Jesus healing the blind near Jericho, as he passed through that town, shortly before his passion.
Jesus performed the miracle of healing the man blind at birth as recorded in the Gospel of John, 9:1-12.
Jesus healing two blind men is a miracle attributed to Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew.
Hebrew Bible or Hebrew Scriptures (Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh (תנ"ך), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of the several canonical editions of the Christian Old Testament.
Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.
Herod (הוֹרְדוֹס, Hordos, Greek: Ἡρῴδης, Hērōdēs; 74/73 BCE – 4 BCE), also known as Herod the Great and Herod I, was a Roman client king of Judea, referred to as the Herodian kingdom.
In Christianity, the Holy Name of Jesus refers to the theological and devotional use of the name of Jesus.
Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost is a term found in English translations of the Bible, but understood differently among the Abrahamic religions.
Hypostatic union (from the Greek: ὑπόστασις hypóstasis, sediment, foundation, substance, or subsistence) is a technical term in Christian theology employed in mainstream Christology to describe the union of Christ's humanity and divinity in one hypostasis, or individual existence.
I (named i, plural ies) is the 9th letter and the third vowel in the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
The Koine Greek term Ego eimi (Greek Ἐγώ εἰμί), literally I am or It is I, is an emphatic form of the copulative verb εἰμι that is recorded in the Gospels to have been spoken by Jesus on several occasions to refer to himself, in the Gospel of John occurring seven times with specific titles.
Immanuel (Hebrew עִמָּנוּאֵל meaning, "God is with us"; also romanized Emmanuel, Imanu'el) is a Hebrew name which appears in chapters 7 and 8 of the Book of Isaiah as part of a prophecy during the life of Jeshurun.
Incarnation literally means embodied in flesh or taking on flesh.
Irenaeus (Greek: Εἰρηναῖος) (early 2nd century – c. AD 202), also referred to as Saint Irenaeus, was Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul, then a part of the Roman Empire (now Lyon, France).
J is the 10th letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Jack Dean Kingsbury is the former Aubrey Lee Brooks professor of theology at Union Presbyterian Seminary in Richmond, Virginia, now an emeritus professor.
James R. Edwards is an American New Testament scholar and minister of the Presbyterian Church.
Jörg Rüpke (born December 27, 1962 in Herford, West Germany) is a German scholar of comparative religion and classical philology, recipient of the Prix Gay Lussac-Humboldt in 2008, and of the Advanced Grant of the European Research Council in 2011.
Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.
The proper name Jesus used in the English language originates from the Latin form of the Greek name Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous), a rendition of the Hebrew Yeshua (ישוע), also having the variants Joshua or Jeshua.
Christians consider Jesus to be the Christ and believe that through his death and resurrection, humans can be reconciled to God and thereby are offered salvation and the promise of eternal life.
Jesus walking on water is one of the miracles attributed to Jesus in the New Testament.
In the New Testament, Jesus is referred to as the King of the Jews, both at the beginning of his life and at the end.
Jewish Christians, also Hebrew Christians or Judeo-Christians, were the original members of the Jewish movement that later became Christianity.
Johannine literature is the collection of New Testament works that are attached by tradition to the person of John the Apostle or to the Johannine Christianity.
John Calvin (Jean Calvin,; born Jehan Cauvin: 10 July 150927 May 1564) was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation.
John Dominic Crossan (born February 17, 1934Official website,, Retrieved April 2, 2013.) is an Irish-American New Testament scholar, historian of early Christianity, and former Catholic priest who has produced both scholarly and popular works.
John J. Navone S.J. (born October 19, 1930) is a Jesuit priest, theologian, philosopher, educator, author, raconteur, and Professor Emeritus of Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, Italy.
John the Baptist (Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστής Ioannēs ho baptistēs or Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτίζων Ioannēs ho baptizōn Lang, Bernhard (2009) International Review of Biblical Studies Brill Academic Pub ISBN 9004172548 Page 380 – "33/34 CE Herod Antipas's marriage to Herodias (and beginning of the ministry of Jesus in a sabbatical year); 35 CE – death of John the Baptist" was an itinerant preacherCross, F. L. (ed.) (2005) Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed. Oxford University Press ISBN 978-0-19-280290-3, article "John the Baptist, St" and a major religious figureFunk, Robert W. & the Jesus Seminar (1998). The Acts of Jesus: the search for the authentic deeds of Jesus. San Francisco: Harper; "John the Baptist" cameo, p. 268 in Christianity, Islam, the Bahá'í Faith, and Mandaeism. John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins.Crossan, John Dominic (1998). The Essential Jesus. Edison: Castle Books; p. 146 Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus. Scholars generally believe Jesus was a follower or disciple of JohnSanders, E.P. (1985) Jesus and Judaism. Philadelphia: Fortress Press; p. 91 and several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus' early followers had previously been followers of John.Harris, Stephen L. (1985) Understanding the Bible. Palo Alto: Mayfield John the Baptist is also mentioned by the Jewish historian Josephus. Some scholars maintain that John was influenced by the semi-ascetic Essenes, who expected an apocalypse and practiced rituals corresponding strongly with baptism, although no direct evidence substantiates this. According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself,Funk, Robert W. & the Jesus Seminar (1998). The Acts of Jesus: the search for the authentic deeds of Jesus.San Francisco: Harper; "Mark," pp. 51–161. and Jesus was the one whose coming John foretold. Christians commonly refer to John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus, since John announces Jesus' coming. John is also identified with the prophet Elijah.Stephen L. Harris, Understanding the Bible. Palo Alto: Mayfield. 1985. ISBN 1-55934-655-8.
Titus Flavius Josephus (37 – 100), born Joseph ben Matityahu (Hebrew: יוסף בן מתתיהו, Yosef ben Matityahu), was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer, who was born in Jerusalem—then part of Roman Judea—to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.
Joshua or Jehoshua (יְהוֹשֻׁעַ Yĕhôshúa or יֵשׁוּעַ Yĕshúa; ܝܫܘܥ Isho; Ἰησοῦς, يوشع بن نون, Iosue, Yūshaʿ ibn Nūn, Yuşa), is a figure in the Torah, being one of the spies for Israel (Num 13–14) and identified in several passages as Moses' assistant.
Judas Iscariot (died c. 30-33 AD) was, according to the New Testament, one of the twelve original disciples of Jesus Christ, and son of Simon Iscariot.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or King James Bible (KJB), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
According to the Synoptic Gospels, Judas identified Jesus to the soldiers by means of a kiss.
Koine Greek (UK English, US English, or; in Merriam-Webster from Koine Greek ἡ κοινὴ διάλεκτος, "the common dialect"), also known as Alexandrian dialect, common Attic or Hellenistic Greek (Modern Greek Ελληνιστική Κοινή, "Hellenistic Koiné", in the sense of "Hellenistic supraregional language"), was the common supra-regional form of Greek spoken and written during Hellenistic and Roman antiquity.
Kyrie, a transliteration of Greek Κύριε (Kyrie), vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios), on whose meaning see Kyrios (biblical term), is a common name of an important prayer of Christian liturgy, also called the Kyrie eleison (Greek: Κύριε, ἐλέησον, Kýrie eléison,.
The Greek word Kyrios (Κύριος) means "lord, Lord, master".
Lamb of God (ἀμνὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, amnos tou theou; Agnus Dei) is a title for Jesus that appears in the Gospel of John.
The parable of the lamp under a bushel, (also known as the lamp under a bowl), is one of the parables of Jesus.
It is generally agreed that Jesus and his disciples primarily spoke Aramaic, the common language of Judea in the first century AD, most likely a Galilean dialect distinguishable from that of Jerusalem.
The Last Supper is the final meal that, in the Gospel accounts, Jesus shared with his Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
In orthography and typography, letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule (see ''Terminology'') and smaller lower case (also small letters, or more formally minuscule, see ''Terminology'') in the written representation of certain languages. Here is a comparison of the upper and lower case versions of each letter included in the English alphabet (the exact representation will vary according to the font used): Typographically, the basic difference between the majuscules and minuscules is not that the majuscules are big and minuscules small, but that the majuscules generally have the same height, whilst the height of the minuscules varies, as some of them have parts higher or lower than the average, i.e. ascenders and descenders. In Times New Roman, for instance, b, d, f, h, k, l, t are the letters with ascenders, and g, j, p, q, y are the ones with descenders. Further to this, with old-style numerals still used by some traditional or classical fonts—although most do have a set of alternative Lining Figures— 6 and 8 make up the ascender set, and 3, 4, 5, 7 and 9 the descender set. Letter case is often prescribed by the grammar of a language or by the conventions of a particular discipline. In orthography, the uppercase is primarily reserved for special purposes, such as the first letter of a sentence or of a proper noun, which makes the lowercase the more common variant in text. In mathematics, letter case may indicate the relationship between objects with uppercase letters often representing "superior" objects (e.g. X could be a set containing the generic member x). Engineering design drawings are typically labelled entirely in upper-case letters, which are easier to distinguish than lowercase, especially when space restrictions require that the lettering be small.
The four canonical gospels of the New Testament are the primary sources of information for the narrative of the life of Jesus.
Light of the World (Phṓs tou kósmou) is a phrase Jesus used to describe himself and his disciples in the New Testament.
In Christianity, there are a number of other words used to refer to a Christian.
Liturgy (λειτουργία) is the customary public worship done by a specific religious group, according to its particular beliefs, customs and traditions.
Logos (or; Greek: λόγος, from λέγω lego "I say") is an important term in philosophy, psychology, rhetoric, and religion.
In Christology, Logos (Λόγος logos, that is, "word", "discourse" or "reason") is a name or title of Jesus Christ, seen as the pre-existent Second Person of a Trinitarian God.
Lord is an appellation for a person or deity who has authority, control, or power over others; a master, chief, or ruler.
Luke 5 is the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
Mark Allan Powell (Ph.D Union Theological Seminary) is the Robert and Phyllis Leatherman Professor of New Testament at Trinity Lutheran Seminary.
Mary Magdalene (מרים המגדלית, original Greek: Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνή),Μαρία η Μαγδαληνή in Matt 27:56; 27:61; 28:1;;;; replaces "η" with "τη" because of the case change.
The Massacre of the Innocents is the biblical narrative of infanticide by Herod the Great, the Roman-appointed King of the Jews.
Matthew 1:1 is the opening verse of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament.
A messiah (literally, "anointed one")http://etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame.
Middle English (ME) refers to the dialects of the English language spoken in parts of the British Isles after the Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century.
In the Christian gospels, the ministry of Jesus begins with his baptism in the countryside of Roman Judea and Transjordan, near the river Jordan, and ends in Jerusalem, following the Last Supper with his disciples.
The mocking of Jesus occurred several times, after his trial and before his crucifixion according to the canonical gospels of the New Testament.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 15th century and was completed in roughly 1550.
Moses (מֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Moushe; موسى; Mωϋσῆς in both the Septuagint and the New Testament) is a prophet in Abrahamic religions.
In Christian theology the name of God has always had much deeper meaning and significance than being just a label or designator.
The Nativity of Jesus, also called simply The Nativity, refers to the accounts of the birth of Jesus in the gospels of Luke and Matthew, and secondarily on some apocryphal texts.
Nazarene is a title applied to Jesus, who, according to the New Testament, grew up in Nazareth,"Jesus was a Galilean from Nazareth, a village near Sepphoris, one of the two major cities of Galilee".
The New Testament (Koine Greek: Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē) is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, which is based on the Hebrew Bible.
The New Testament narrative of the life of Jesus refers to a number of locations in the Holy Land and a Flight into Egypt.
Paraclete (Gr. παράκλητος, Lat. paracletus) means advocate or helper.
In Christianity, the Passion (translation of Greek πάσχειν paschein, 'to suffer') is the short final period in the life of Jesus covering his visit to Jerusalem and leading to his execution by crucifixion, an event central to Christian beliefs.
Paul the Apostle (Paulos; c. 5 – c. 67), originally known as Saul of Tarsus (שאול התרסי; Saulos Tarseus), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world.
Pauline Christianity is the Christianity associated with the beliefs and doctrines espoused by Paul the Apostle through his writings.
The Pauline epistles, Epistles of Paul, or Letters of Paul, are the fourteen New Testament books which have the name Paul (Παῦλος) as the first word, hence claiming authorship by Paul the Apostle.
In Christology, the Person of Christ refers to the study of the human and divine natures of Jesus Christ as they co-exist within one person.
Petrus Ramus (Pierre de la Ramée; Anglicized to Peter Ramus; 1515 – 26 August 1572) was an influential French humanist, logician, and educational reformer.
The Pharisees (/ˈfærəˌsiːz/) were at various times a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought in the Holy Land during the time of Second Temple Judaism.
A pharyngeal consonant is a consonant that is articulated primarily in the pharynx.
Philo of Alexandria (Φίλων, Philōn; ידידיה הכהן, Yedidia (Jedediah) HaCohen; c. 25 BCE – c. 50 CE), also called Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, in the Roman province of Egypt.
Pontius Pilate (or; Latin: Pontius Pīlātus, Πόντιος Πιλᾶτος, Pontios Pīlātos) was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from AD 26–36.
The doctrine of the pre-existence (or preexistence) of Christ asserts the ontological or personal existence of Christ before his conception.
In religion, a prophet is an individual who is claimed to have been contacted by the supernatural or the divine, and to speak for them, serving as an intermediary with humanity, delivering this newfound knowledge from the supernatural entity to other people.
In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.
The Raising of Lazarus or the Resurrection of Lazarus is a miracle of Jesus, in which Jesus brings Lazarus of Bethany back to life four days after his burial.
In Christian theology, Jesus is sometimes referred to as a Redeemer.
The New Testament includes a number of incidents of the rejection of Jesus during his lifetime, by local communities and individuals.
The resurrection of Jesus is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death to take the punishment deserved by others for the sins of the world, Jesus rose again from the dead.
Rho (uppercase Ρ, lowercase ρ or; ῥῶ) is the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet.
Robert H. Mounce (born December 30, 1921 in LaSalle, Illinois) is an American New Testament scholar.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum; Ancient and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Rudolf Schnackenburg (5 January 1914 – 28 August 2002) was a German Catholic priest and New Testament scholar.
Saint Peter (Petrus, Petros, Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa, שמעון בר יונה; died 64 AD), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simōn, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Church.
Salt and light are metaphors used by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount, one of the main teachings of Jesus on morality and discipleship.
Salvation, in Christianity, is the saving of the soul from sin and its consequences.
The Sanhedrin trial of Jesus refers to the trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin (a Jewish judicial body) following his arrest in Jerusalem and prior to his dispensation by Pontius Pilate.
The roots of verbs and most nouns in the Semitic languages are characterized as a sequence of consonants or "radicals" (hence the term consonantal root).
The Septuagint (from the Latin septuaginta, "seventy") is a translation of the Hebrew Bible and some related texts into Koine Greek.
Sergei Nikolaevich Bulgakov (Серге́й Никола́евич Булга́ков; – 13 July 1944) was a Russian Orthodox Christian theologian, philosopher, and economist.
Historically, many rulers have assumed titles such as son of god, son of a god or son of Heaven.
"Son of man" is a phrase used in the Hebrew Bible, various apocalyptic works of the intertestamental period, and in the Greek New Testament.
The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are referred to as the Synoptic Gospels because they include many of the same stories, often in a similar sequence and in similar wording.
The tetragrammaton (from Greek τετραγράμματον, meaning "(consisting) of four letters") is the Hebrew theonym יהוה, commonly transliterated into Latin letters as YHWH.
In Christianity, the gospel (euangélion; gospel), or the Good News, is the news of the coming of the Kingdom of God, and of Jesus's death on the cross and resurrection to restore people's relationship with God.
The Sheep and the Goats or "The Judgment of the Nations" is a discourse of Jesus recorded in the New Testament.
A theophoric name (from Greek: θεόφορος, theophoros, lit. "bearing or carrying a god") embeds the name of a god, both invoking and displaying the protection of that deity.
Tommaso d'Aquino, OP (1225 – 7 March 1274), also known as Thomas Aquinas, was an Italian Dominican friar and Catholic priest who was an immensely influential philosopher, theologian and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism, within which he is also known as the "Doctor Angelicus" and "Doctor Communis".
The threefold office (munus triplex) of Jesus Christ is a Christian doctrine based upon the teachings of the Old Testament, of which Christians hold different views.
Tiberian Hebrew is the canonical pronunciation of the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh committed to writing by Masoretic scholars living in the Jewish community of Tiberias in ancient Judea.
Transliteration is the conversion of a text from one script to another.
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Latin trinitas "triad", from trinus "threefold") defines God as three consubstantial persons, expressions, or hypostases: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit; "one God in three persons".
In the accounts of the four canonical Gospels, Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem takes place in the days before the Last Supper, marking the beginning of his Passion.
U (named u, plural ues) is the 21st letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet and the fifth and last vowel in the English alphabet (if W and Y are not counted as vowels).
Ulrich Luz (born 23 February 1938) is a Swiss theologian and professor emeritus at the University of Bern.
Vetus Latina ("Old Latin" in Latin), also known as Vetus Itala ("Old Italian"), Itala ("Italian") See, for example, Quedlinburg ''Itala'' fragment.
The vocative case (abbreviated, voc.) is the case used for a noun that identifies a person (animal, object, etc.) being addressed or, occasionally, the determiners of that noun.
In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language, such as an English "ah!" or "oh!", pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure at any point above the glottis.
Western Christianity consists of the Latin Church of the Catholic Church and a variety of Protestant denominations.
The Western Zhou period (1046–771 BC) was the first half of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.
The world to come, age to come, or heaven on Earth are eschatological phrases reflecting the belief that the "current world" or "current age" is flawed or cursed and will be replaced in the future by a better world or age or paradise.
Yahweh (or often in English; יהוה) is the national god of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
1 Corinthians 5:7, 1 John 2:1, 1 John 5:20, 1 Peter 5:4, Acts 4:26, Christological title, Christological titles, Ephesians 2:20, Epithet of Jesus, Etymology of the name "Jesus", Good Teacher, Hebrews 3:1, Holy Redeemer, Holy Saviour, Jesus name, Jesus' name, John 10:7, John 10:9, John 6:33, John 6:48, List of Jesus Christ titles, Luke 2:11, Luke 5:34, Matthew 25:5, Name of Jesus, Name of Jesus in the Old Testament, Names and titles of Jesus, Names and titles of jesus in the new testament, Names of Christ, Names of Jesus, Origin of the Name of Jesus Christ, Revelation 19:11, Revelation 1:5, Revelation 1:8, Revelation 22:16, Revelation 3:14, Romans 11:26, Title of Jesus, Titles of Jesus.