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Nanjing

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Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500. [1]

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A. O. Smith

A.

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Administrative divisions of China

Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times.

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Air mass

In meteorology, an air mass is a volume of air defined by its temperature and water vapor content.

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Air pollution

Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.

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Air quality index

An air quality index (AQI) is a number used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it is forecast to become.

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Anhui

Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.

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Baixia District

Baixia was a district of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China.

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Bandar Seri Begawan

Bandar Seri Begawan (Jawi: بندر سري بڬاوان) (formerly known as Brunei Town) is the capital city of the Sultanate of Brunei.

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Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.

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Barranquilla

Barranquilla is a city and municipality located in northern Colombia.

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Beiji Ge

Beiji Ge (北极阁) is a hill in Nanjing.

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Beijing

Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway

The Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway (or Jinghu high-speed railway, from its name in Mandarin) is a high-speed railway long that connects two major economic zones in the People's Republic of China: the Bohai Economic Rim and the Yangtze River Delta.

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Beijing–Shanghai railway

The Beijing–Shanghai railway or Jinghu railway is a railway line in China between Beijing and Shanghai.

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Beiyang government

The Beiyang government (北洋政府), also sometimes spelled Peiyang Government, refers to the government of the Republic of China, which was in place in the capital city Beijing from 1912 to 1928.

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Birth rate

The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.

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Bixi

Bixi, or Bi Xi, is a figure from Chinese mythology.

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Bloemfontein

Bloemfontein (Afrikaans and Dutch "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain"; also known as Bloem) is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals (the other two being Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital) and is the seventh largest city in South Africa.

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Bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River

The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure.

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Car

A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Cedrus deodara

Cedrus deodara, the deodar cedar, Himalayan cedar, or deodar/devdar/devadar/devadaru, is a species of cedar native to the western Himalayas in Eastern Afghanistan, Northern Pakistan (especially in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and India (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and, Arunachal Pradesh states and the Darjeeling Region of West Bengal), Southwestern Tibet and Western Nepal, occurring at altitude.

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Central China

Central China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the central area of China.

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Changzhou

Changzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Jiangsu province of China.

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Chaohu

Chaohu was formerly a prefecture-level city and is now a county-level city in central Anhui province, People's Republic of China.

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Chaotian Palace

The Chaotian Palace (lit. "Palace of Heaven Veneration"), is located in Nanjing, China.

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Chen dynasty

The Chen dynasty (557-589), also known as the Southern Chen dynasty, was the fourth and last of the Southern Dynasties in China, eventually destroyed by the Sui dynasty.

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Chengdu

Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.

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Chenguang

Chenguang Group is a machinery manufacturing group headquartered in Nanjing, China.

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Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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China Gate Castle Park

China Gate Castle Park is a park in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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China Meteorological Administration

The China Meteorological Administration (CMA), headquartered in Beijing, is the national weather service for the People's Republic of China.

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China National Highway 104

China National Highway 104 (G104) runs from Beijing to Fuzhou via Jinan, Xuzhou, Nanjing, Hangzhou and Taizhou.

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China National Highway 205

China National Highway 205 (G205) runs from Shanhaiguan, Hebei Province to Shenzhen, Guangdong.

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China National Highway 312

China National Highway 312 (312国道), also referred to as Route 312 or The Mother Road, is a key east-west route beginning in Shanghai and ending at Khorgas, Xinjiang in the Ili River valley, on the border with Kazakhstan.

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China National Highway 328

China National Highway 328 (G328) runs from Nanjing to Hai'an in Jiangsu.

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China Pharmaceutical University

China Pharmaceutical University (CPU) is a university in Nanjing, China that specializes in the pharmaceutical sciences.

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Chinese Basketball Association

The Chinese Basketball Association, often abbreviated as CBA, is the first-tier professional men's basketball league in China.

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Chinese calendar

The traditional Chinese calendar (official Chinese name: Rural Calendar, alternately Former Calendar, Traditional Calendar, or Lunar Calendar) is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena.

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Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Chinese culture

Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago.

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Chinese economic reform

The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.

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Chinese postal romanization

Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.

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Chinese Super League

The Chinese Football Association Super League, commonly known as Chinese Super League or CSL, currently known as the China Ping An Chinese Football Association Super League for sponsorship reasons, is the highest tier of professional football in China, operating under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Chinese theology

Chinese theology, which comes in different interpretations according to the classic texts and the common religion, and specifically Confucian, Taoist and other philosophical formulations, is fundamentally monistic, that is to say it sees the world and the gods of its phenomena as an organic whole, or cosmos, which continuously emerges from a simple principle.

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Chongqing

Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.

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Chu (state)

Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state.

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Chuzhou

Chuzhou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Anhui Province, China. It borders the provincial capital of Hefei to the south and southwest, Huainan to the west, Bengbu to the northwest, and the province of Jiangsu to the east. According to the 2010 Census, the city of Chuzhou has a registered population of 3,937,868 inhabitants, whom 562,321 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 2 urban districts. Nevertheless, 7,260,240 persons declared to be permanent residents.

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Cihai

The Cihai is a large-scale dictionary and encyclopedia of Standard Mandarin Chinese.

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City of Perth

The City of Perth is a local government area and body, within the Perth metropolitan area, which is the capital of Western Australia.

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City Wall of Nanjing

The City Wall of Nanjing was designed by Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang (r. 1328–1398) after he founded the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) and established Nanjing as the capital 600 years ago.

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Civilian-run enterprise

Civilian-run enterprise is a type of company or enterprise to describe non-state-owned enterprise (state-owned enterprise including companies owned by the state, the central and regional government).

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Coal

Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

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Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.

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Da Chu

Da Chu was a short-lived Chinese dynasty in 1127 ruled by Zhang Bangchang (張邦昌; 1081–1127), a puppet emperor enthroned with the support of the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234).

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Daejeon

Daejeon is South Korea's fifth-largest metropolis.

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Dangtu County

Dangtu County is one of three counties under the jurisdiction of the City of Ma'anshan in eastern Anhui Province, China.

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Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge

The Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge 大勝關長江大橋 crosses the Yangtze River in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

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Deadweight tonnage

Deadweight tonnage (also known as deadweight; abbreviated to DWT, D.W.T., d.w.t., or dwt) or tons deadweight (TDW) is a measure of how much weight a ship can carry, not its weight, empty or in any degree of load.

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Defence Park (Nanjing)

Defence Park or Nanjing National Defense Park is a national defense education park located in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

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Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

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Department store

A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".

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Disposable and discretionary income

Disposable income is total personal income minus personal current taxes.

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District (China)

The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.

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District heating

District heating (also known as heat networks or teleheating) is a system for distributing heat generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating.

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Dodo (prince)

Dodo (Manchu:; 2 April 1614 – 29 April 1649), formally known as Prince Yu, was a Manchu prince and military general of the early Qing dynasty.

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Donglin movement

The Donglin movement was an ideological and philosophical movement of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties of China.

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Dragon robe

Dragon robe (hanja: 袞龍袍, pinyin: gǔn lóng páo, hangul: 곤룡포) was the everyday dress of the emperors of China (after Sui dynasty) and kings of Korea (Goryeo and Joseon dynasty) and emperors of Vietnam (Nguyễn dynasty) and kings of Ryukyu.

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Drainage basin

A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.

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Drum Tower of Nanjing

The Drum Tower of Nanjing on Gulou Mountain in Gulou District of Nanjing, China was first built in the 15th year of the reign of Hongwu, of the Ming Dynasty (1382 AD).

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Duck blood and vermicelli soup

Duck blood and vermicelli soup is a traditional delicacy of Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu province, and is also eaten in other regions of China.

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East Asian rainy season

The East Asian rainy season, commonly called the plum rain (затяжные), is caused by precipitation along a persistent stationary front known as the Mei-Yu front for nearly two months during the late spring and early summer between eastern Russia, China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan.

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East China

East China or Eastern China is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the eastern coastal area of China.

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Eastern Wu

Wu (222–280), commonly known as Dong Wu (Eastern Wu) or Sun Wu, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).

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Eight Banners

The Eight Banners (in Manchu: jakūn gūsa) were administrative/military divisions under the Qing dynasty into which all Manchu households were placed.

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Eindhoven

Eindhoven is a municipality and city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.

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Emperor Jingzong of Tang

Emperor Jingzong of Tang (July 22, 809 – January 9, 827), personal name Li Zhan, was an emperor of the Tang Dynasty of China.

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Emperor Wu of Liang

Emperor Wu of Liang (梁武帝) (464–549), personal name Xiao Yan (蕭衍), courtesy name Shuda (叔達), nickname Lian'er (練兒), was the founding emperor of the Liang Dynasty of Chinese history.

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Emperor Yang of Sui

Emperor Yang of Sui (隋煬帝, 569 – 11 April 618), personal name Yang Guang (楊廣), alternative name Ying (英), nickname Amo (阿摩), Sui Yang Di or Yang Di (隋炀帝) known as Emperor Ming (明帝) during the brief reign of his grandson Yang Tong), was the second son of Emperor Wen of Sui, and the second emperor of China's Sui dynasty. Emperor Yang's original name was Yang Ying, but was renamed by his father, after consulting with oracles, to Yang Guang. Yang Guang was made the Prince of Jin after Emperor Wen established Sui Dynasty in 581. In 588, he was granted command of the five armies that invaded the southern Chen dynasty and was widely praised for the success of this campaign. These military achievements, as well as his machinations against his older brother Yang Yong, led to him becoming crown prince in 600. After the death of his father in 604, generally considered, though unproven, by most traditional historians to be a murder ordered by Yang Guang, he ascended the throne as Emperor Yang. Emperor Yang, ruling from 604 to 618, committed to several large construction projects, most notably the completion of the Grand Canal. He commanded the reconstruction of the Great Wall, a project which took the lives of nearly six million workers. He also ordered several military expeditions that brought Sui to its greatest territorial extent, one of which, the conquest of Champa in what is now central and southern Vietnam, resulted in the death of thousands of Sui soldiers from malaria. These expeditions, along with a series of disastrous campaigns against Goguryeo (one of the three kingdoms of Korea), left the empire bankrupt and a populace in revolt. With northern China in turmoil, Emperor Yang spent his last days in Jiangdu (江都, in modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu), where he was eventually strangled in a coup led by his general Yuwen Huaji. Despite his accomplishments, Emperor Yang was generally considered by traditional historians to be one of the worst tyrants in Chinese history and the reason for the Sui Dynasty's relatively short rule. His failed campaigns against Goguryeo, and the conscriptions levied to man them, coupled with increased taxation to finance these wars and civil unrest as a result of this taxation ultimately led to the downfall of the dynasty.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Ericsson

Ericsson (Telefonaktiebolaget L. M. Ericsson) is a Swedish multinational networking and telecommunications company headquartered in Stockholm.

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Ethnic minorities in China

Ethnic minorities in China are the non-Han Chinese population in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Feng shui

Feng shui (pronounced), also known as Chinese geomancy, is a pseudoscience originating from China, which claims to use energy forces to harmonize individuals with their surrounding environment.

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First Opium War

The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.

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Five Barbarians

The Five Barbarians or Wu Hu, is a Chinese historical exonym for ancient non-Han Chinese peoples who immigrated to northern China in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and then overthrew the Western Jin Dynasty and established their own kingdoms in the 4th–5th centuries.

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Florence

Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.

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Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge

The Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge is a suspension bridge over the Yangtze River in Nanjing, China.

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Fuchai

Fuchai (reigned 495–473), sometimes also written Fucha, was the last king of the state of Wu during the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history.

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Fujian

Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.

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Fuzhou

Fuzhou, formerly romanized as Foochow, is the capital and one of the largest cities in Fujian province, China.

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G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway

The Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway, commonly referred to as the Changshen Expressway, is an expressway that connects the cities of Changchun, Jilin, China, and Shenzhen, Guangdong.

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G36 Nanjing–Luoyang Expressway

The Nanjing–Luoyang Expressway, commonly referred to as the Ningluo Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, and Luoyang, Henan.

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G40 Shanghai–Xi'an Expressway

The Shanghai–Xi'an Expressway, commonly referred to as the Hushan Expressway is an expressway that connects the cities of Shanghai, China, and Xi'an, Shaanxi.

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G42 Shanghai–Chengdu Expressway

The Shanghai–Chengdu Expressway, commonly referred to as the Hurong Expressway is an east-west bound expressway that connects the eastern metropolis of Shanghai to Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan.

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G4211 Nanjing–Wuhu Expressway

The Nanjing–Wuhu Expressway, commonly referred to as the Ningwu Expressway is a north-south bound expressway that connects Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu and Wuhu, Anhui.

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Gaochun District

Gaochun District, formerly Gaochun County until January 2013, is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China.

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Gate of China, Nanjing

The Gate of China, is a gate and defensive complex on the city wall of Nanjing, China.

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Geography of Taiwan

Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is an island in East Asia; located some off the southeastern coast of mainland China across the Taiwan Strait.

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Ginling College

Ginling College (金陵女子大学), sometimes also known by its Pinyin romanization as Jinling College or Jinling Women's College, is a women's college of Nanjing Normal University in Nanjing, China.

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Grand Canal (China)

The Grand Canal, known to the Chinese as the Beijing–Hangzhou Grand Canal (Jīng-Háng Dà Yùnhé), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest as well as one of the oldest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.

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Guangdong

Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.

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Guangzhou

Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Gulin Park

Gulin Park is a 400 acre park in Nanjing in Jiangsu province, China.

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Gulou District, Nanjing

Gulou District is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China.

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Hai'an

Hai'an is a county-level city under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Nantong, in eastern Jiangsu province, China.

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Hainan

Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.

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Han Chinese

The Han Chinese,.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.

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Hangzhou

Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.

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He County

He County or Hexian is a county in the east of Anhui Province, People's Republic of China, under the jurisdiction of Ma'anshan.

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Heavy industry

Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products; large and heavy equipment and facilities (such as heavy equipment, large machine tools, and huge buildings); or complex or numerous processes.

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Hebei

Hebei (postal: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.

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Hefei

Hefei is the capital and largest city of Anhui Province in China.

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Hefei–Nanjing passenger railway

The Hefei–Nanjing passenger railway also known as the Hening railway is a high-speed railway in China, running from Hefei to Nanjing at.

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High School Affiliated to Nanjing Normal University

High School Affiliated to Nanjing Normal University (or NSFZ/南師附中 for short) is a high school located in Nanjing, China.

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Historical capitals of China

There are traditionally four historical capitals of China, collectively referred to as the "Four Great Ancient Capitals of China".

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History of China

The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.

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Hohai University

Hohai University (Chinese: 河海大学) is a research university in Nanjing, China under the direct jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education of China.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Hongwu Emperor

The Hongwu Emperor (21 October 1328 – 24 June 1398), personal name Zhu Yuanzhang (Chu Yuan-chang in Wade-Giles), was the founding emperor of China's Ming dynasty.

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Hopkins–Nanjing Center

The Johns Hopkins University – Nanjing University Center for Chinese and American Studies or the Hopkins–Nanjing Center for short, is an international campus of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies and a joint educational venture between Johns Hopkins University and Nanjing University that opened in Nanjing, China in 1986.

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Huai River

The Huai River, formerly romanized as the Hwai, is a major river in China.

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Huan Wen

Huan Wen (桓溫) (312–373), courtesy name Yuanzi (元子), formally Duke Xuanwu of Nan Commandery (南郡宣武公), was a general of the Jin Dynasty (265-420).

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Huawei

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational networking, telecommunications equipment, and services company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong.

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Hui people

The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Hunan Road Commercial Street

Hunan Road Commercial Street (湖南路购物街) is located in the northwest of the downtown area of Nanjing, lying in the Gulou District area.

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IBM

The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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Imperial examination

The Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.

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Imperial Japanese Army

The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.

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Industrialisation

Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.

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International Military Tribunal for the Far East

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trial or the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, was a military trial convened on April 29, 1946, to try the leaders of the Empire of Japan for joint conspiracy to start and wage war (categorized as "Class A" crimes), conventional war crimes ("Class B") and crimes against humanity ("Class C").

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International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.

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ISO 3166-2:CN

ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

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Iveco

Iveco, an acronym for Industrial Vehicles Corporation, is an Italian industrial vehicle manufacturing company based in Turin, Italy, and entirely controlled by CNH Industrial Group.

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Jianghuai

Jianghuai (江淮) is a geographical area in China referring to the plain between the Yangtze and Huai Rivers, in the modern provinces of Anhui and Jiangsu.

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Jiangnan

Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (sometimes spelled Kiang-nan, literally "South of the river") is a geographic area in China referring to lands immediately to the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of its delta.

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Jiangnan Examination Hall

The Jiangnan Examination Hall (Jiangnan Gongyuan), near the Confucius temple, is located in the southern part of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Jiangning District

Jiangning District is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China.

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Jiangsu

Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.

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Jiangsu Art Gallery

Jiangsu Art Gallery, usually known as Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum, is a museum in Nanjing, in Jiangsu province in China.

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Jiangsu Dragons

Jiangsu Dragons Kentier, also known as Jiangsu Dragons or Jiangsu Kentier, are a Chinese professional basketball team in the Southern Division of the Chinese Basketball Association, based in Nanjing, Jiangsu.

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Jiangsu Province Kunqu Theatre

Jiangsu Province Kun Opera is a professional company, based in Nanjing, engaged in Kunqu research, production and performance.

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Jiangsu Second Normal University

The Jiangsu Second Normal University(Chinese: 江苏第二师范学院) (formerly named as Jiangsu Institute of Education) is located in the city of Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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Jiangsu Suning F.C.

Jiangsu Suning Football Club is a professional football club that participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

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Jiangxi

Jiangxi, formerly spelled as Kiangsi Gan: Kongsi) is a province in the People's Republic of China, located in the southeast of the country. Spanning from the banks of the Yangtze river in the north into hillier areas in the south and east, it shares a border with Anhui to the north, Zhejiang to the northeast, Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west, and Hubei to the northwest. The name "Jiangxi" derives from the circuit administrated under the Tang dynasty in 733, Jiangnanxidao (道, Circuit of Western Jiangnan; Gan: Kongnomsitau). The short name for Jiangxi is 赣 (pinyin: Gàn; Gan: Gōm), for the Gan River which runs across from the south to the north and flows into the Yangtze River. Jiangxi is also alternately called Ganpo Dadi (贛鄱大地) which literally means the "Great Land of Gan and Po".

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Jiangxin Island

Jiangxin Island, or Jingxinzhou, is a spear-shaped island in the middle of the Yangtze, east of the Jianye District in Nanjing, China,.

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Jiankang

Jiankang, or Jianye, as it was originally called, was the capital city of the Eastern Wu (229–265 and 266–280 CE), the Jin dynasty (317–420 CE) and the Southern Dynasties (420–552 and 557–589 CE).

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Jianwen Emperor

The Jianwen Emperor (5 December 1377 – 13 July 1402?) was the second emperor of the Ming dynasty in China.

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Jianye District

Jianye District is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China.

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Jiming Temple

The Jiming Temple (Chinese: 鸡鸣寺) is a renowned Buddhist temple in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

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Jin dynasty (1115–1234)

The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China.

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Jin dynasty (265–420)

The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.

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Jin–Song Wars

Map showing the Song-Jurchen Jin wars The Jin–Song Wars were a series of conflicts between the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234) and Han Chinese Song dynasty (960–1279).

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Jinghai Temple

Jinghai Temple is a 15th-century temple located in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, to the southwest of Shizi Mountain.

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Jinling Hotel

Jinling Hotel Nanjing is a hotel in Nanjing, China, located near the city's Xinjiekou district.

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Jinling Library

Jinling Library is a Nanjing Municipal Library, founded in 1927, located at the former Pingjiangfu Chapel.

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Jinpu

Jinpu is a town in southeastern Henan province, China.

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Jiujiang

Jiujiang, formerly transliterated Kiukiang or Kew Keang, is a prefecture-level city located on the southern shores of the Yangtze River in northwest Jiangxi Province, People's Republic of China.

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John E. Woods

John Edwin Woods is a translator who specializes in translating German literature, since about 1978.

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Jurchen people

The Jurchen (Manchu: Jušen; 女真, Nǚzhēn), also known by many variant names, were a Tungusic people who inhabited the region of Manchuria until around 1630, at which point they were reformed and combined with their neighbors as the Manchu.

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Jurong

Jurong (ஜூரோங்) is a geographical region located at the south-westernmost point of the West Region of Singapore.

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Kangxi Emperor

The Kangxi Emperor (康熙; 4 May 165420 December 1722), personal name Xuanye, was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Shanhai Pass near Beijing, and the second Qing emperor to rule over that part of China, from 1661 to 1722.

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Karaoke

Karaoke, is a form of interactive entertainment or video game developed in Japan in which an amateur singer sings along with recorded music (a music video) using a microphone.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kōki Hirota

was a Japanese diplomat and politician who served as the 32nd Prime Minister of Japan from 9 March 1936 to 2 February 1937.

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Kebab

Kebabs (also kabobs or kababs) are various cooked meat dishes, with their origins in Middle Eastern cuisine.

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Khorgas

Korgas (Qorğas), also known as Khorgos, Chorgos and Gorgos, formerly Gongchen, is a Chinese city near the border with Kazakhstan.

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Korea

Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.

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Kuaiji Commandery

Kuaiji Commandery (Chinese: t 郡, s 郡, p Kuàijī Jùn), formerly romanized as K‘uai-chi Commandery, was a former commandery of China in the area of Hangzhou Bay.

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Kunqu

Kunqu, also known as Kunju (崑劇), Kun opera or Kunqu Opera, is one of the oldest extant forms of Chinese opera.

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Kuomintang

The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.

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Lai'an County

Lai'an County is a county in the east of Anhui Province, China, lying between the Yangtze River and the Huai River.

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Lan Shaomin

Lan Shaomin (born January 1964) is a Chinese politician, currently serving as acting Mayor of Nanjing, following Miao Ruilin’s resignation in January 2018.

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Langxi County

Langxi County is a county in Anhui Province, People's Republic of China under the jurisdiction of Xuancheng City.

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Layoff

A layoff is the temporary suspension or permanent termination of employment of an employee or, more commonly, a group of employees (collective layoff) for business reasons, such as personnel management or downsizing an organization.

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Leipzig

Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.

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Lenovo

Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.

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Li Zicheng

Li Zicheng (22 September 1606 – 1645), born Li Hongji, also known by the nickname, "Dashing King", was a Chinese rebel leader who overthrew the Ming dynasty in 1644 and ruled over China briefly as the emperor of the short-lived Shun dynasty before his death a year later.

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Liang dynasty

The Liang dynasty (502–557), also known as the Southern Liang dynasty (南梁), was the third of the Southern Dynasties during China's Southern and Northern Dynasties period.

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Light rail

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

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Limassol

Limassol (Λεμεσός; Limasol or Leymosun) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and capital of the eponymous district.

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Line 10 (Nanjing Metro)

Line 10 is a line on the Nanjing Metro system in China.

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Line S1 (Nanjing Metro)

Line S1 of the Nanjing Metro, is a suburban metro rail line serving the southern suburbs of Nanjing.

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Linggu Temple

Linggu Temple is a Buddhist temple in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

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Lishui District

Lishui District, formerly Lishui County until January 2013, is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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List of cities in China by population and built-up area

According to the Demographia research group in 2017, there are 102 Chinese cities with over 1 million people in the "urban area", as defined by the group's methodology.

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List of largest cities throughout history

This article lists the largest cities or urban areas by estimated population in history.

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List of postal codes in China

Postal codes in the People's Republic of China are postal codes used by China Post for the delivery of letters and goods within mainland China.

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List of tallest buildings

This list of tallest buildings in the world ranks skyscrapers by height.

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List of twin towns and sister cities in China

This is a list of places in the People's Republic of China having standing links to local communities in other countries.

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Liu Song dynasty

The Song dynasty, better known as the Liu Song dynasty (420–479 CE;; Wade-Giles: Liu Sung), also known as Former Song (前宋) or Southern Song (南宋), was the first of the four Southern Dynasties in China, succeeding the Eastern Jin and followed by the Southern Qi.

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Liyang

Liyang is a county-level city under the administration of Changzhou in the Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China.

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London, Ontario

London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor.

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Lucent

Lucent Technologies, Inc., was an American multinational telecommunications equipment company headquartered in Murray Hill, New Jersey, in the United States.

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Luoyang

Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.

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Ma'anshan

Ma'anshan, also colloquially written as Maanshan, is a prefecture-level city in the eastern part of Anhui province in Eastern China.

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Malabar Coast

The Malabar Coast is a long, narrow coastline on the southwestern shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent.

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Malacca City

Malacca City (Malay: Bandaraya Melaka, Jawi:,, Tamil: மலாக்கா மாநகரம்), is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Malacca.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Manchu people

The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.

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Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders

The Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders is a museum to memorialize those that were killed in the Nanjing Massacre by the Imperial Japanese Army in and around the then capital of China, Nanjing, after it fell on December 13, 1937.

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Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.

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Mexicali

Mexicali is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California and seat of the Municipality of Mexicali.

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Military government

A military government is generally any government that is administrated by military forces, whether this government is legal or not under the laws of the jurisdiction at issue, and whether this government is formed by natives or by an occupying power.

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Military of the Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty (1636–1912) was established by conquest and maintained by armed force.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Ming Palace

The Ming Palace, also known as the "Forbidden City of Nanjing", was the 14th-century imperial palace of the early Ming dynasty, when Nanjing was the capital of China.

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Ming treasure voyages

The Ming treasure voyages were the seven maritime expeditions by Ming China's treasure fleet between 1405 and 1433.

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Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum

The Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is the tomb of the Hongwu Emperor, the founder of the Ming dynasty.

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Mochou Lake

Mochou Lake (莫愁湖, Mò Chóu Hú, literally No Worry Lake or No Unhappieness Lake) is located west to Qinhuai River and Hanzhongmen Gate in Nanjing, China, inside Mochou Lake Park.

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Mogilev

Mogilev (or Mahilyow; Магілёў,; Łacinka: Mahiloŭ; Могилёв,; מאָליעוו, Molyev) is a city in eastern Belarus, about from the border with Russia's Smolensk Oblast and from the border with Russia's Bryansk Oblast.

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Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.

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Monsoon

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Mortality rate

Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.

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Multinational corporation

A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.

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Nagoya

is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan.

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Nanjing Agricultural University

Nanjing Agricultural University, NAU, is a public university located in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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Nanjing Audit University

Nanjing Audit University (NAU) is an accounting-focused university.

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Nanjing Botanical Garden, Memorial Sun Yat-Sen

The Nanjing Botanical Garden Memorial Sun Yat-Sen, established in 1929, became the first national botanical garden in China.

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Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport

Nanjing Dajiaochang Airport was a military air base that also served as the main public airport for Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu Province and former capital of the Republic of China.

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Nanjing decade

The Nanjing decade (also Nanking decade, Nánjīng shí nián, or The Golden decade, Huángjīn shí nián) is an informal name for the decade from 1927 (or 1928) to 1937 in the Republic of China.

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Nanjing Foreign Language School

Nanjing Foreign Language School, (NFLS,, or Nan-Wai (南外) for short), is a middle and high school located in Nanjing, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

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Nanjing Forestry University

Nanjing Forestry University(NFU or NJFU,. Chinese abbr. 南林大 or 南林) is an institution of higher learning in Nanjing, China.

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Nanjing Fuzimiao

Nanjing Fuzimiao or Fuzimiao, is located in southern Nanjing City on banks of the Qinhuai River.

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Nanjing Great Hall of the People

The Nanjing Great Hall of the People, which serves as National Theatre of Drama and Music and Art Gallery, was built in 1936, and is located at No.

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Nanjing Hongshan Forest Zoo

The Nanjing Hongshan Forest Zoo is a zoological park in Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu province, China.

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Nanjing Institute of Technology

Nanjing Institute of Technology (NJIT) is an undergraduate university in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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Nanjing Iron and Steel Company

Nanjing Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (abb. NISCO) is a publicly traded steel maker based in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Nanjing Jinling High School

Jinling High School (or Jin-Zhong/金中 for short) is a public high school located in Gulou District, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

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Nanjing Library

Nanjing Library is the third largest library in China with over 10 million items.

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Nanjing Lukou International Airport

Nanjing Lukou International Airport is the main airport serving Nanjing (the capital of Jiangsu Province) and a major airport serving the Yangtze River Delta area.

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Nanjing Man

Nanjing Man (Homo erectus nankinensis) is a subspecies of Homo erectus found in China.

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Nanjing Medical University

Nanjing Medical University (NMU) is a university in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Nanjing Metro

The Nanjing Metro is a metro system serving the urban and suburban districts of Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu Province in the People's Republic of China.

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Nanjing Municipal Museum

Nanjing Municipal Museum, the city museum of Nanjing, is a comprehensive museum of history and art, located inside Chaotian Palace.

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Nanjing Museum

The Nanjing Museum is located in Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province in East China.

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Nanjing No.1 High School

Nanjing No.

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Nanjing Normal University

Nanjing Normal University (NNU) is a normal university in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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Nanjing Olympic Sports Centre

The Nanjing Olympic Sports Centre is used mostly for association football and also for athletics.

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Nanjing railway station

Nanjing railway station is a major railway station of Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

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Nanjing Salted Duck

Nanjing Salted Duck is a local duck dish from Nanjing, China.

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Nanjing South railway station

The Nanjing South railway station is a high-speed railway station in Nanjing, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China, serving the Jinghu High-Speed Railway, Huning Intercity Rail, Ninghang Passenger Railway and the Huhanrong (Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu) Railways.

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Nanjing Tech University

Nanjing Tech University (NJTech), colloquially known as Nan Gong Da (or Nangongda, 南工大), is a university located in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Nanjing University

Nanjing University (NJU or NU,. Chinese abbr. 南大; pinyin: Nándà, Nanda), or Nanking University, is a prestigious public (national) university, and is the oldest institution of higher learning, located in Nanjing, China.

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Nanjing University Library

The Nanjing University Library, owned by Nanjing University, is a library in Nanjing, China, with a long history.

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Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA) is a public university located in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine

The Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine (a.k.a. NJUCM), is located in Nanjing, capital of China's Jiangsu province.

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Nanjing University of Finance and Economics

Nanjing University of Finance & Economics (NUFE), colloquially or is located in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province.

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Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology

Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), colloquially Nan Xin Da, formerly the Meteorology College of Nanjing University, was established in 1960 by the China Meteorological Administration, then changed the name into Nanjing Institute of Meteorology in May, 1963.

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Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications

Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (also referred to NUPT or NJUPT) is a public university in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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Nanjing University of Science and Technology

or NJUST (Chinese: 南京理工大学, pinyin: Nánjīng Lǐgōng Dàxué; colloquially 南理工, pinyin: Nánlǐgōng) is one of the national key universities under the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China.

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Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal

The Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal was established in 1946 by the government of Chiang Kai-shek to judge four Japanese Imperial Army officers accused of crimes committed during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

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Nanjing West railway station

Nanjing West railway station is a railway station in Nanjing, China.

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Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge

The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is a double-decked road-rail truss bridge across the Yangtze River between Pukou and Xiaguan in Nanjing, China.

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Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel

The Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel is a tunnel under the Yangtze River in Nanjing, China.

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Nanjing Zhonghua High School

Nanjing Zhonghua High School (was founded by Dr. William E. Macklin (马林 (传教士)),a British Missionary Doctor, in 1899.

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Nanjing–Qidong railway

The Nanjing–Qidong railway, commonly referred to in short as the Ningqi railway, is a railway in the Chinese province of Jiangsu.

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Nanjing–Tongling railway

Nanjing–Tongling railway or Ningtong railway, is a single-track railroad in eastern China between Nanjing in Jiangsu Province and Tongling in Anhui Province.

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Nanjing–Xi'an railway

The Nanjing–Xian railway or Ningxi railway, is a major trunkline railroad in China between Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province and Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi Province.

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Nanking Massacre

The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

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Nanking Massacre denial

Nanking Massacre denial is the denial that Imperial Japanese forces murdered hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers and civilians during the Second Sino-Japanese War, a highly controversial episode in Sino-Japanese relations.

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National Bureau of Statistics of China

The National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China or NBS is an agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the People's Republic of China at the national and local levels.

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National Central University

National Central University (NCU,, Kuo-Li Chung-yang Ta-hsüeh, or 中大, Chung-ta) was founded in 1915 with roots from 258 CE in mainland China.

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National Library of China

The National Library of China or NLC in Beijing is the national library of the People's Republic of China.

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Nationalist government

The Nationalist government, officially the National Government of the Republic of China, refers to the government of the Republic of China between 1 July 1925 to 20 May 1948, led by the Kuomintang (KMT, Chinese Nationalist Party).

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New York Institute of Technology

New York Institute of Technology (also known as NYIT) is a private, independent, nonprofit, non-sectarian, coeducational research university founded in 1955.

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North China

North China (literally "China's north") is a geographical region of China, lying North of the Qinling Huaihe Line.

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Northern and Southern dynasties

The Northern and Southern dynasties was a period in the history of China that lasted from 420 to 589, following the tumultuous era of the Sixteen Kingdoms and the Wu Hu states.

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OECD

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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Panda Electronics

Panda Electronics is a Chinese manufacturer and brand for electronic products.

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Party Committee Secretary

In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.

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People's Liberation Army

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).

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Pixiu

Pixiu, is a Chinese mythical hybrid creature, commonly, but incorrectly referred to in the West by the Greek word "chimera", and considered a powerful protector of practitioners of Feng Shui.

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PLA Nanjing Political College

PLA Nanjing Political College is a state university administered by the People's Liberation Army General Political Department of the People's Republic of China.

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Platanus × acerifolia

Platanus × acerifolia, the London plane, London planetree, or hybrid plane, is a tree in the genus Platanus.

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Porcelain Tower of Nanjing

The Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, part of the former Bao'en Temple, is a historical site located on the south bank of external Qinhuai River in Nanjing, China.

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Port of Nanjing

The Port of Nanjing is located in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China, and is the largest inland port in the world (depending on how you classify the ports in the Yangtze Delta), with throughput reaching 191 million tons of cargo in 2012.

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Predynastic Zhou

The Predynastic Zhou or Proto-Zhou refers to the state of Zhou that existed in the Guanzhong region of modern Shaanxi province during the Shang dynasty of ancient China, before its conquest of Shang in 1046/45 BC which led to the establishment of the Zhou dynasty.

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Presidential Palace (Nanjing)

The Presidential Palace in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, housed the Office of the President of the Republic of China since 1927 until the republic was relocated to Taiwan in 1949.

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Privatization

Privatization (also spelled privatisation) is the purchase of all outstanding shares of a publicly traded company by private investors, or the sale of a state-owned enterprise to private investors.

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Project 211

Project 211 is a project of National Key Universities and colleges initiated in 1995 by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, with the intent of raising the research standards of high-level universities and cultivating strategies for socio-economic development.

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Provinces of China

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.

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Prunus mume

The Prunus mume is an Asian tree species classified in the Armeniaca section of the genus Prunus subgenus Prunus.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Pukou District

Pukou District, is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China, lying northwest across the Yangtze River from downtown Nanjing.

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Purple Mountain

Purple Mountain or Zijin Shan (Chinese: 紫金山, Zĭjīnshān, lit. "Purple-Gold Mountain") is located on the eastern side of Nanjing in Jiangsu province, China.

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Purple Mountain Observatory

The Purple Mountain Observatory, also known as Zijinshan Astronomical Observatory is an astronomical observatory located on the Purple Mountain in the west of Nanjing, China.

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Puyi

Puyi or Pu Yi (7 February 190617 October 1967), of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, was the last Emperor of China and the twelfth and final ruler of the Qing dynasty.

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Qianlong Emperor

The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.

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Qiantang River

The Qiantang River (sometimes spelled Tsientang river) is an East Chinese river that originates in the border region of Anhui and Jiangxi provinces.

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Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang (18 February 25910 September 210) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Qingliangshan Park

Qingliangshan Park, is a park located in the Gulou District, Nanjing, China. It sits on Qingliang Hill, which is more than high and in radius.

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Qinhuai District

Qinhuai District is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China.

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Qinhuai River

The Qinhuai River is a tributary of the Yangtze with a total length of 110 km.

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Qixia District

Qixia District is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China, straddling both sides of the Yangtze River.

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Qixia Temple

Qixia Temple is a Buddhist temple located on Qixia Mountain in the suburban Qixia District of Nanjing, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China, northeast of downtown Nanjing.

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Quanjiao County

Quanjiao County is a county of Anhui Province, China.

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Questia Online Library

Questia is an online commercial digital library of books and articles that has an academic orientation, with a particular emphasis on books and journal articles in the humanities and social sciences.

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Queue (hairstyle)

The queue or cue is a Qing dynasty hairstyle most often worn by Chinese men.

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Reformed Government of the Republic of China

The Reformed Government of the Republic of China (Zhōnghuá Mínguó Wéixīn Zhèngfǔ or 中華民国政府改革) was a Chinese puppet state created by Japan that existed from 1938 to 1940 during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

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Republic of China (1912–1949)

The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.

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Romanization of Chinese

The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.

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Samsung

Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.

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Sanjiang University

Sanjiang University (Chinese: 三江学院) is a university in the countryside of Nanjing city, which is the capital of China's Jiangsu Province.

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SAP SE

SAP SE (Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung, "Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing") is a German-based European multinational software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.

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Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge

The Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the Yangtze River in Nanjing, China.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Sex ratio

The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.

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Shang dynasty

The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.

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Shanghai

Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House

Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House (Chinese: 上海辞书出版社) is a publishing house in mainland China, specialized in publishing reference works.

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Shanghai Library

The Shanghai Library, which also houses the Shanghai Institute of Scientific and Technological Information, is the municipal library of Shanghai, China.

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Shanghai–Nanjing railway

The Shanghai–Nanjing or Huning railwayChinese: t, s, p Hù–Níng Tiělù.

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Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway

Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway, is a fully completed high-speed railway corridor in China.

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Shanhaiguan District

Shanhaiguan District, formerly Shan-hai-kwan or Shan-hai-kuan, is a district of the city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province, China, named after the pass of the Great Wall within the district, Shanhai Pass.

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Sharp Corporation

is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products, headquartered in Sakai-ku, Sakai.

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Shenzhen

Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.

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Siemens

Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.

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Simcere Pharmaceutical

Simcere Pharmaceutical Group or Simcere Pharmaceutical is a manufacturer and supplier of branded generic pharmaceuticals in the Chinese market.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.

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Song dynasty

The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Southeast University

Southeast University (SEU), colloquially Dongda is a public research university located in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Southern Ming

The Southern Ming was a loyalist movement that was active in southern China following the Ming dynasty's collapse in 1644.

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Southern Qi

The Southern Qi (479-502) was the second of the Southern dynasties in China, followed by the Liang Dynasty.

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Southern Tang

Southern Tang (also referred to as Nantang), later known as Jiangnan (江南), was one of the Ten Kingdoms in Southern China created following the Tang dynasty from 937–976.

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Spirit way

A spirit way is the ornate road leading to a Chinese tomb of a major dignitary.

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St. Louis

St.

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State-owned enterprise

A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.

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Stele

A steleAnglicized plural steles; Greek plural stelai, from Greek στήλη, stēlē.

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Stone City

The Stone City is the site of an ancient fortified city within Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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Stone sculptures of Southern Dynasties mausoleums

The stone sculptures of Southern Dynasties mausoleums are several groups of stone sculptures in Jiangsu Province, southeast China.

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Strontium

Strontium is the chemical element with symbol Sr and atomic number 38.

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Sub-provincial divisions in the People's Republic of China

A sub-provincial division (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.

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Sui dynasty

The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.

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Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Sulfur dioxide

Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.

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Sun Quan

Sun Quan (182 – 21 May 252), courtesy name Zhongmou, formally known as Emperor Da of Wu (literally "Great Emperor of Wu"), was the founder of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period.

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Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925)Singtao daily.

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Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

Dr.

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Suning.com

Suning.com Co., Ltd. formerly Suning Commerce Group Co., Ltd. is one of the largest non-government retailers in China, headquartered in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province.

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Surrender of Japan

The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.

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Taibo

Taibo or Wu Taibo was the eldest son of King Tai of Zhou and the legendary founder of the State of Wu.

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Taipei

Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").

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Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, officially the Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace, was an oppositional state in China from 1851 to 1864, supporting the overthrow of the Qing dynasty by Hong Xiuquan and his followers.

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Taiping Heavenly Kingdom History Museum

The Taiping Kingdom History Museum ()is a museum dedicated to artifacts from the Taiping Rebellion (1851-1864). It is located on the grounds of the Zhan Yuan Garden, a historical garden in Nanjing, China.

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Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.

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Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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Takashi Kawamura (politician)

is a Japanese politician of the Nagoya-based Genzei Nippon (減税日本 "Tax Cut Japan") party and a former member of the House of Representatives in the Diet (national legislature).

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Tao Xingzhi

Tao Xingzhi (1891–1946), was a renowned Chinese educator and reformer in the Republic of China mainland era.

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Taoye Ferry

Taoye Ferry, also called Nanpu Ferry (is a historical place name in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China. Near the confluence of the Qinhuai River and ancient Qingxi River, the ancient ferry is now situated at the Lishe Bridge (利涉桥) which is to the east of the Jiangnan Examination Hall (江南贡院) The Huaiqing Bridge (淮清桥) lies to its north. Taoye Ferry stretches from Gongyuan East Street to the west of Huaiqing Bridge on Jiankang Road. During the Six Dynasties(229 A.D-589 A.D), it was renowned famous as a place where people said their farewells when leaving. Later it was included among the "48 Scenes of Jinling" (金陵四十八景).".

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Telephone numbers in China

Telephone numbers in China are organized and assigned according to the Chinese Telephone Code Plan of mainland China.

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Temporary capital

A temporary capital or a provisional capital is a city or town chosen by a government as an interim base of operations due to some difficulty in retaining or establishing control of a different metropolitan area.

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Ten Kingdoms

The Ten Kingdoms was a period in the history of Southern China that followed the fall of the Tang dynasty in 907.

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Tertiary sector of the economy

The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.

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Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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The Good Man of Nanking

The Good Man of Nanking: The Diaries of John Rabe is a collection of the personal journals of John Rabe, a German businessman who lived in Nanjing at the time of the Nanking Massacre in 1937–1938.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Rape of Nanking (book)

The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II is a bestselling 1997 non-fiction book written by Iris Chang about the 1937–1938 Nanking Massacre, the massacre and atrocities committed by the Imperial Japanese Army after it captured Nanjing, then capital of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

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Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge

The Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge is the first cable-stayed bridge located in Nanjing, China.

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Three Furnaces

The term Three Furnaces refers to the especially hot and oppressively humid summer weather in several major cities in the Yangtze River Valley, within China.

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Three Kingdoms

The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).

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Tianchang

Tianchang is a Sub-prefecture-level city on the Yangtze River, 290 km northwest of Shanghai, it's a part of Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone.

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Tianjin–Pukou railway

The Tianjin–Pukou or Jinpu railway runs from Tianjin to Pukou outside Nanjing in Jiangsu province.

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Tibet (1912–1951)

The historical era of Tibet from 1912 to 1951 followed the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1912, and lasted until the invasion of Tibet by the People's Republic of China.

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Time in China

The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.

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Tomb of the King of Boni

Tomb of the King of Boni, built in the early 15th century, is the tomb of Manarejiana 麻那惹加那 (Sultan Abdul Majid Hassan), ruler of Boni (Brunei), a medieval state on the island of Borneo, considered by some as the predecessor of the present-day sultanate of Brunei.

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Transmission tower

A transmission tower or power tower (electricity pylon in the United Kingdom, Canada and parts of Europe) is a tall structure, usually a steel lattice tower, used to support an overhead power line.

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Treaty of Nanking

The Treaty of Nanking or Nanjing was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.

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UN-Habitat Scroll of Honour Award

UN Habitat Scroll of Honour Award was created by the United Nations Residential Centre in 1989 to encourage and recognize the countries, governments, organizations and individuals who have made great contributions to the development of housing.

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Unemployment

Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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University of Nanking

The University of Nanking, known in Chinese as Jinling University (金陵大学, Jinling being another name for Nanking) was a private university in Nanking, China.

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Vehicle registration plates of China

Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.

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Viceroy of Liangjiang

The Viceroy of Liangjiang or Viceroy of the Two Jiangs, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General of the Two Yangtze Provinces and Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs, Provisions and Funds, Manager of Waterways, Director of Civil Affairs, was one of eight regional Viceroys in China proper during the Qing dynasty.

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Volkswagen

Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.

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Walled city of Nanjing

The Nanjing City (南京城, Nanjing Cheng, literally Nanjing City), or translated as the Walled city of Nanjing, etc., refers to the historical core of Nanjing city enclosed in the Nanjing City Wall built in the early Ming dynasty.

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Wang Jingwei

Wang Jingwei (Wang Ching-wei; 4 May 1883 – 10 November 1944); born as Wang Zhaoming (Wang Chao-ming), but widely known by his pen name "Jingwei", was a Chinese politician.

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Wang Jingwei regime

The Wang Jingwei regime is the common name of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China (p), a puppet state of the Empire of Japan, located in eastern China.

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Wangjin

Wangjin is a kind of traditional headband worn by adult men in Chinese Ming Dynasty, Korean Joseon period, Vietnam Later Lê dynasty to Nguyễn dynasty and Ryukyu Kingdom to hold their hair in place after the topknot is done.

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Wanli Emperor

The Wanli Emperor (4 September 1563 – 18 August 1620), personal name Zhu Yijun, was the 14th emperor of the Ming dynasty of China.

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War of the Eight Princes

The War of the Eight Princes, Rebellion of the Eight Kings or Rebellion of the Eight Princes was a series of civil wars among kings/princes (Chinese: wáng 王) of the Chinese Jin dynasty from AD 291 to 306.

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Warring States period

The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.

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White Horse Park

White Horse Park, also known as Baima Park, is situated in Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province in eastern China.

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Windhoek

Windhoek (Windhuk; ǀAiǁgams; Otjomuise) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wu (region)

Wu refers to a region in China whose core area is around Lake Tai in Jiangnan (the south of the Yangtze River).

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Wu (state)

Wu (Old Chinese: &#42) was one of the states during the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn period.

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Wu (Ten Kingdoms)

Wu (吳), also referred to as Huainan (淮南), Hongnong (弘農), Southern Wu (南吳), or Yang Wu (楊吳), was one of the Ten Kingdoms in south-central China which was in existence from 907 to 937.

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Wuchaomen Park

Wuchaomen Park is a park located in Baixia District, Nanjing, China.

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Wuhan

Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.

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Wuhu

Wuhu (literally "Weedy Lake") is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Anhui province, China.

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Wutaishan Sports Center

Wutaishan Sports Center is a sports center in Nanjing, China.

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Xiaguan District

Xiaguan District was an administrative district within the city of Nanjing, in Jiangsu province, China.

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Xiamafang Ruins Park

The Xiamafang Ruins Park is located at the southern foot of Purple Mountain in Xuanwu Section of Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

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Xianlin railway station

Xianlin railway station is a railway station of Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity Railway located in Qixia District of Nanjing City, People's Republic of China.

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Xianlin University City

Xianlin University City is an area in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China with a number of universities.

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Xiao Xiu

Xiao Xiu, styled Prince Anchengkang (also translated as Prince Kang of Ancheng) (475–518), was a younger half-brother of Emperor Wu, the first emperor of China's Liang Dynasty (who had the personal name of Xiao Yan).

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Xinhai Revolution

The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC).

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Xinhua News Agency

Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.

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Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى; SASM/GNC: Xinjang Uyĝur Aptonom Rayoni; p) is a provincial-level autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country.

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Xinjiekou, Nanjing

Xinjiekou is the central business district of Nanjing, People's Republic of China.

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Xiongnu

The Xiongnu were a confederation of nomadic peoples who, according to ancient Chinese sources, inhabited the eastern Asian Steppe from the 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD.

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Xu Garden

Xu Garden, also called Xihuayuan is a classical Chinese garden in Xuanwu District, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

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Xuancheng

Xuancheng is a city in the southeast of Anhui province.

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Xuanwu District, Nanjing

Xuanwu District is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China.

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Xuanwu Lake

Xuanwu Lake (simplified Chinese: 玄武湖; pinyin: Xuánwǔ hú) is located in Xuanwu District in the central-northeast part of Nanjing in Jiangsu, China.

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Yang Province

Yangzhou, Yangchow or Yang Province was one of the Nine Provinces of ancient China mentioned in historical texts such as the Tribute of Yu, Erya and Rites of Zhou.

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Yangshan Quarry

The Yangshan Quarry is an ancient stone quarry near Nanjing, China.

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Yangtze

The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.

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Yangtze River Delta

The Yangtze River Delta or YRD is a triangle-shaped metropolitan region generally comprising the Wu Chinese-speaking areas of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province.

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Yangtze River power line crossings

The Yangtze River power line crossings are overhead power lines that cross the Yangtze River in China.

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Yangzhou

Yangzhou, formerly romanized as Yangchow, is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu Province, China.

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Yangzhou massacre

The Yangzhou massacre took place in 1645 in Yangzhou, China, during the Qing dynasty.

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Yizheng

Yizheng is a county-level city under the administration of Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, China, with a population of about 600,000 (2007).

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Youth Olympic Games

The Youth Olympic Games (YOG) is an international multi-sport event organized by the International Olympic Committee.

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Yuan dynasty

The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.

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Yuan Shikai

Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese warlord, famous for his influence during the late Qing dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor.

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Yue (state)

Yue (Old Chinese: &#42), also known as Yuyue, was a state in ancient China which existed during the first millennium BC the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of China's Zhou dynasty in the modern provinces of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu.

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Yue Fei

Yue Fei (24 March 1103 – 27 January 1142), courtesy name Pengju, was a Han Chinese military general who lived during the Southern Song dynasty.

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Yuejiang Tower

Yuejiang Tower (Enjoying-the-River Tower 阅江楼) is situated on the top of Shizishan (Lion Mountain) to the northwest of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Yuhuatai District

Yuhuatai District is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China.

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Yuhuatai Memorial Park of Revolutionary Martyrs

Yuhuatai Memorial Park of Revolutionary Martyrs (雨花台烈士陵园) is a park and tourist site in the Yuhuatai District of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Yunjin

Yunjin, also called cloud brocade, is a traditional Chinese silk brocade made in Jiangsu since the end of the Song dynasty, and based on weft-weaving techniques from both the Song and Tang dynasties.

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Yurun Group

Yurun Group Limited is the largest meat supplier in Mainland China.

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Zeng Guofan

Zeng Guofan, Marquis Yiyong (26 November 1811 – 12 March 1872), birth name Zeng Zicheng, courtesy name Bohan, was a Chinese statesman, military general, and Confucian scholar of the late Qing dynasty.

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Zhan Garden (Nanjing)

Zhan Garden (literally "Garden of Forward Watching") is a Chinese garden located on No.

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Zhang Jinghua

Zhang Jinghua (born 1962) is a Chinese politician, serving as Communist Party Secretary of Nanjing since his appointment in July 2017.

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Zheng He

Zheng He (1371–1433 or 1435) was a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during China's early Ming dynasty.

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Zhenjiang

Zhenjiang, formerly romanized as Chenkiang, is a prefecture-level city in Jiangsu Province, China.

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Zhonghuamen railway station

Zhonghuamen railway station is a railway station in Yuhua Road near Zhonghua Gate of Nanjing.

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Zhou dynasty

The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.

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Zhu Yousong

The Hongguang Emperor (1607–1646), personal name Zhu Yousong, was the first emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty.

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Zhuang people

The Zhuang people are an ethnic group who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.

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Zifeng Tower

Zifeng Tower (Greenland Center-Zifeng Tower or Greenland Square Zifeng Tower, formerly Nanjing Greenland Financial Center) is a supertall skyscraper in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.

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ZTE

ZTE Corporation is a Chinese multinational telecommunications equipment and systems company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

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Zun

The zun or yi, used until the Northern Song (960–1126) is a type of Chinese ritual bronze or ceramic wine vessel with a round or square vase-like form, sometimes in the shape of an animal, first appearing in the Shang dynasty.

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2014 Summer Youth Olympics

The 2014 Summer Youth Olympic Games (officially known as II Summer Youth Olympic Games) (Chinese: 第二届夏季青年奧林匹克运动会) were the second Summer Youth Olympic Games, an international sports, education and cultural festival for teenagers, held from 16 to 28 August 2014 in Nanjing, China.

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2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup

The 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup will be the 18th tournament of the FIBA Basketball World Cup for men's national basketball teams.

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Capital of Jiangsu, Chianning, Environmental issues in Nanjing, Geography of Nanjing, History of Nanjing, Jiangning, Jiangning Prefecture, Jinling, Jiāngníng, Kiangning, Moling (China), Nan Jing, Nan King, Nan-Ching, Nan-ching, Nan-king, NanJing, Nanching, Nangjing, Nanjing 21st Century Bilingual School, Nanjing City, Nanjing Shi, Nanjing, China, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, Nankin City, Nanking, Nanking (film), Nanking City, Nanking, China, Nánjing, Nánjīng, Nánjīng Shì, Southern Capital, UN/LOCODE:CNNKG, Yingtian Prefecture, 南京, 南京市, 江宁.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanjing

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