94 relations: Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society, American Journal of Public Health, Anthropomorphism, Audi 100, Automobile safety, Automobile safety rating, Automotive industry, Automotive lighting, Automotive News, BMW, California Air Resources Board, Chrysler, Code of Federal Regulations, Corporate average fuel economy, Cost–benefit analysis, Crash test, Crash test dummy, Crashworthiness, Criminalization, Daimler AG, Demography of the United States, Electric light, Electronic stability control, Euro NCAP, Europe, Fatality Analysis Reporting System, Federal government of the United States, Federal Highway Administration, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, Federal Register, Ford Explorer, Ford Motor Company, Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility, Free trade, Fuel economy in automobiles, General Motors, Greenhouse gas, Grey import vehicle, Headlamp, Height adjustable suspension, Honda, Hyundai, Insurance, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Intelligent Transportation Systems Institute, Journal of Public Health Policy, Kia Motors, Lincoln Continental Mark VII, ..., Lobbying, Lotus Cars, Mercedes-Benz, Mitsubishi, Model year, Monroney sticker, Moose test, National Academy of Sciences, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Transportation Safety Board, New Car Assessment Program, Nissan, Non-tariff barriers to trade, Oligopoly, Polycarbonate, Ralph Nader, Road traffic safety, Rollover, SAE International, Sealed beam, Seat belt, Show or Display, Sport utility vehicle, Subaru, Suzuki, Tariff, The Wall Street Journal, Title 23 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Toyota, Transportation Research Board, United Nations, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, United States, United States Congress, United States Department of Transportation, United States dollar, Unsafe at Any Speed, Vehicle identification number, Vehicle inspection, Volkswagen, Washington, D.C., Work-related road safety in the United States, World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations, 2009–11 Toyota vehicle recalls. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society was an influential report published in 1966 by the National Academy of Sciences and is considered a landmark in the development of the emergency medical services system in the United States.
The American Journal of Public Health is a monthly peer-reviewed public health journal published by the American Public Health Association covering health policy and public health.
Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.
The Audi 100 and Audi 200 are four-door, front-engine, front- or all-wheel drive full-size/executive sedans manufactured and marketed by the Audi division of the Volkswagen Group for model years 1968 through 1994 — across four generations (C1-C4), with a two-door model available in the first and second generation (C1-2) and a five-door wagon available in the third (C3) generation.
Automobile safety is the study and practice of design, construction, equipment and regulation to minimize the occurrence and consequences of traffic collisions.
An automobile safety rating is a grade given by a testing organisation to a motor vehicle indicating the safety of occupants in the event of a motor vehicle crash, like with the New Car Assessment Program.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
The lighting system of a motor vehicle consists of lighting and signalling devices mounted or integrated to the front, rear, sides, and in some cases the top of a motor vehicle.
Automotive News is a weekly print newspaper written for the automotive industry, primarily individuals associated with automobile manufacturers and suppliers.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The California Air Resources Board (CARB or ARB) is the "clean air agency" in the government of California.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations (sometimes called administrative law) published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government of the United States.
The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are regulations in the United States, first enacted by the United States Congress in 1975, after the 1973–74 Arab Oil Embargo, to improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks (trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles) produced for sale in the United States.
Cost–benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit costs analysis (BCA), is a systematic approach to estimate the strengths and weaknesses of alternatives (for example in transactions, activities, functional business requirements or projects investments); it is used to determine options that provide the best approach to achieve benefits while preserving savings.
A crash test is a form of destructive testing usually performed in order to ensure safe design standards in crashworthiness and crash compatibility for various modes of transportation or related systems and components.
A crash test dummy is a full-scale anthropomorphic test device (ATD) that simulates the dimensions, weight proportions and articulation of the human body, and is usually instrumented to record data about the dynamic behavior of the ATD in simulated vehicle impacts.
Crashworthiness is the ability of a structure to protect its occupants during an impact.
Criminalization or criminalisation, in criminology, is "the process by which behaviors and individuals are transformed into crime and criminals".
Daimler AG is a German multinational automotive corporation.
The United States is estimated to have a population of 327,996,618 as of June 25, 2018, making it the third most populous country in the world.
An electric light is a device that produces visible light from electric current.
Electronic stability control (ESC), also referred to as electronic stability program (ESP) or dynamic stability control (DSC), is a computerized technology that improves a vehicle's stability by detecting and reducing loss of traction (skidding).
The European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) is a European car safety performance assessment programme (i.e. a New Car Assessment Program) based in Brussels (Belgium) and founded in 1997 by the Transport Research Laboratory for the UK Department for Transport and backed by several European governments, as well as by the European Union.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) was created in the United States by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to provide an overall measure of highway safety, to help suggest solutions, and to help provide an objective basis to evaluate the effectiveness of motor vehicle safety standards and highway safety programs.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation.
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108 (FMVSS 108) regulates all automotive lighting, signalling and reflective devices in the United States.
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208 (FMVSS 208) regulates automotive occupant crash protection in the United States.
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) are U.S. federal regulations specifying design, construction, performance, and durability requirements for motor vehicles and regulated Automobile safety-related components, systems, and design features.
The Federal Register (FR or sometimes Fed. Reg.) is the official journal of the federal government of the United States that contains government agency rules, proposed rules, and public notices.
The Ford Explorer is a range of SUVs manufactured by Ford Motor Company.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility, formerly known as the Century Council, is a Virginia-based American not-for-profit organization founded in 1991 and funded by a group of distillers that aims to fight to eliminate drunk driving and underage drinking and promotes responsible decision-making regarding alcohol use.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
The fuel economy of an automobile is the relationship between the distance traveled and the amount of fuel consumed by the vehicle.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
Grey import vehicles are new or used motor vehicles and motorcycles legally imported from another country through channels other than the maker's official distribution system.
A headlamp is a lamp attached to the front of a vehicle to light the road ahead.
Height adjustable suspension is a feature of certain automobile suspension systems that allow the motorist to vary the ride height or ground clearance.
is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.
Hyundai Group is a multinational (conglomerate) headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) is a U.S. nonprofit organization funded by auto insurers, established in 1959 and headquartered in Arlington, Virginia.
The Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Institute is a national University Transportation Center headquartered at the University of Minnesota.
The Journal of Public Health Policy is a peer-reviewed medical journal established in 1980 by Milton Terris.
Kia Motor Corporation (stylized as KIΛ), headquartered in Seoul, is South Korea's second-largest automobile manufacturer, following the Hyundai Motor Company, with sales of over 3.3 million vehicles in 2015.
The Continental Mark VII, later changed to Lincoln Mark VII, is a rear wheel drive luxury coupe that was produced by Lincoln.
Lobbying, persuasion, or interest representation is the act of attempting to influence the actions, policies, or decisions of officials in their daily life, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies.
Lotus Cars is a British automotive company that manufactures sports cars and racing cars in its headquarters in Hethel, United Kingdom.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
The model year (MY) of a product is a number used worldwide, but with a high level of prominence in North America, to describe approximately when a product was produced, and it usually indicates the coinciding base specification (design revision number) of that product.
The Monroney sticker or window sticker is a label required in the United States to be displayed in all new automobiles and includes the listing of certain official information about the car.
The evasive maneuver test (Swedish: Undanmanöverprov; colloquial: moose test or elk test; Swedish: Älgtest, German: Elchtest) is performed to determine how well a certain vehicle evades a suddenly appearing obstacle.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, pronounced "NITS-uh") is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. government, part of the Department of Transportation.
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent U.S. government investigative agency responsible for civil transportation accident investigation.
A New Car Assessment Program (or Programme) is a government or institutional car safety program tasked with evaluating new automobile designs for performance against various safety threats.
, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.
Non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs) or sometimes called "Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs)" are trade barriers that restrict imports or exports of goods or services through mechanisms other than the simple imposition of tariffs.
An oligopoly (from Ancient Greek ὀλίγος (olígos) "few" + πωλεῖν (polein) "to sell") is a market form wherein a market or industry is dominated by a small number of large sellers (oligopolists).
Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures.
Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American political activist, author, lecturer, and attorney, noted for his involvement in consumer protection, environmentalism and government reform causes.
Road traffic safety refers to the methods and measures used to prevent road users from being killed or seriously injured.
A rollover is a type of vehicle crash in which a vehicle tips over onto its side or roof.
SAE International, initially established as the Society of Automotive Engineers, is a U.S.-based, globally active professional association and standards developing organization for engineering professionals in various industries.
A sealed beam is a type of lamp with a parabolic reflector, one or more filaments, and a glass lens sealed permanently together as a unit.
A seat belt (also known as a seatbelt or safety belt) is a vehicle safety device designed to secure the occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result during a collision or a sudden stop.
The "Show or Display" rule is a statutory amendment to the United States Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) that allows certain privately imported automobiles to be exempted, if the vehicle in question is deemed to meet a standard of "historical or technological significance".
Sport-utility (vehicle), SUV or sport-ute is an automotive classification, typically a kind of station wagon / estate car with off-road vehicle features like raised ground clearance and ruggedness, and available four-wheel drive.
(or) is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Subaru Corporation (formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries), the twenty-second largest automaker by production worldwide in 2012.
is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu, that manufactures automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
CFR Title 23 - Highways is one of fifty titles comprising the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), containing the principal set of rules and regulations issued by federal agencies regarding highways.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
The Transportation Research Board (TRB) is a division of the National Research Council of the United States which serves as an independent adviser to the President of the United States, the Congress and federal agencies on scientific and technical questions of national importance.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE) was established in 1947 to encourage economic cooperation among its member States.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet department of the U.S. government concerned with transportation.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile by Ralph Nader, published in 1965, is a book accusing car manufacturers of resistance to the introduction of safety features such as seat belts, and their general reluctance to spend money on improving safety.
A vehicle identification number (VIN) is a unique code, including a serial number, used by the automotive industry to identify individual motor vehicles, towed vehicles, motorcycles, scooters and mopeds, as defined in ISO 3779:2009.
Vehicle inspection is a procedure mandated by national or subnational governments in many countries, in which a vehicle is inspected to ensure that it conforms to regulations governing safety, emissions, or both.
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
People who are driving as part of their work duties are an important road user category.
The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations is a working party (WP.29) of the Sustainable Transport Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
The 2009-11 Toyota vehicle recalls involved three separate but related recalls of automobiles by Toyota Motor Corporation occurred at the end of 2009 and start of 2010.
Federal safety and reliability testing, NHTSA, NHTSA NCAP, NHTSB, National Highway Safety Bureau, National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration, National Highway Transportation Safety Authority, National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US NCAP, US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.