35 relations: Ahmad Mazani, Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Elias Hazrati, Executives of Construction Party, Fars Province, Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist, Hormozgan Province, Iran, Iranian presidential election, 2005, Iranian Studies (journal), Islamic City Council of Isfahan, Islamic City Council of Shiraz, Islamic City Council of Tehran, Islamic Consultative Assembly, Islamic Iran Participation Front, Jasem Jaderi, Masoud Soltanifar, Mehdi Karroubi, Mohammad Khatami, Mohammad-Ali Afshani, Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization, Muhammad Sahimi, Pervasive Coalition of Reformists, Political thought and legacy of Ruhollah Khomeini, Populism, Rasoul Montajabnia, Reformism, Reformists Coalition (2006), Reformists Front, Semnan Province, State religion, Supreme Leader of Iran, Tehran, Tehran Bureau, United States.
Ahmad Mazani (احمد مازنی) is an Iranian cleric and reformist politician and a member of the Parliament of Iran representing Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr electoral district.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was adopted by referendum on 2 and 3 December 1979, and went into force replacing the Constitution of 1906.
Elias Hazrati (born 13 March 1961, Hashtrud) is an Iranian politician, journalist and former military officer.
The Executives of Construction of Iran Party (حزب کارگزاران سازندگی ایران) is a reformist political party in Iran, founded by 16 members of the cabinet of the then President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in 1996.
Pars Province (استان پارس, Ostān-e Pārs) also known as Fars (Persian: فارس) or Persia in the Greek sources in historical context, is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran and known as the cultural capital of the country.
The Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist, also called the Governance of the Jurist (ولایت فقیه, Vilayat-e Faqih; ولاية الفقيه, Wilayat al-Faqih), is a post-Age-of-Occultation theory in Shia Islam which holds that Islam gives a faqīh (Islamic jurist) custodianship over people.
Hormozgan Province (استان هرمزگان, Ostān-e Hormozgān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iran's ninth presidential election took place in two rounds, the first on 17 June 2005, the run-off on 24 June.
Iranian Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering Iranian and Persianate history, literature, and society published by Routledge on behalf of the International Society for Iranian Studies.
The Islamic City Council of Isfahan (شورای اسلامی شهر اصفهان) is the directly elected council that presides over the city of Isfahan and elects the Mayor of Isfahan in a mayor–council government system.
The Islamic City Council of Shiraz (شورای اسلامی شهر شیراز) is the directly elected council that presides over the city of Shiraz and elects the mayor in a mayor–council government system.
The Islamic City Council of Tehran (شورای اسلامی شهر تهران) is the directly elected council that presides over the city of Tehran, elects the Mayor of Tehran in a mayor–council government system, and budgets of the Municipality of Tehran.
The Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī), also called the Iranian Parliament, the Iranian Majlis (or Majles, مجلس), is the national legislative body of Iran.
The Islamic Iran Participation Front (جبهه مشارکت ایران اسلامی; Jebheye Mosharekate Iran-e Eslaami) is a reformist political party in Iran.
Jasem Jaderi (جاسم جادری, born 1967) is an Iranian reformist politician, and the governor of Hormozgan Province.Jaderi was born in Susangerd in Khuzestan Province.
Masoud Soltanifar (مسعود سلطانیفر, born 5 February 1960 in Tehran, Iran) is an Iranian politician, historian and the current Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports since 1 November 2016.
Mehdi Karroubi (Mehdī Karrūbĩ, born 26 September 1937) is an Iranian Shia cleric and reformist politician leading the National Trust Party.
Seyyed Mohammad Khatami (سید محمد خاتمی,; born 14 October 1943) is an Iranian scholar, Shia theologian, and reformist politician.
Mohammad-Ali Afshani (سید محمدعلی افشانی; born 1960, Dehdasht, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province) is an Iranian politician who is the current mayor of Tehran.
Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization (MIRO; Sāzmān-e Mojāhedin-e Enqelāb-e Eslāmi-e Irān) is a reformist political organization in Iran.
Muhammad Sahimi (born 22 January 1954) is a Professor of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, and holds the NIOC Chair in petroleum engineering at the University of Southern California (USC) in Los Angeles.
Pervasive Coalition of Reformists: The Second Step (ائتلاف فراگير اصلاحطلبان: گام دوم), named The List of Hope (لیست امید) by Mohammad Khatami, is the sole coalition and electoral list affiliated with the Iranian reform movement for the 2016 legislative election.
Khomeinism is the founding ideology of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
In politics, populism refers to a range of approaches which emphasise the role of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite".
Rasoul Montajabnia (رسول منتجبنیا; born 13 July 1948 in Shiraz) is an Iranian reformist politician, jurist, vice president and founding member of the National Trust Party (Iran).
Reformism is a political doctrine advocating the reform of an existing system or institution instead of its abolition and replacement.
The Reformists Coalition (ائتلاف اصلاحطلبان) was the sole electoral alliance of reformists for the 2006 municipal election of Tehran.
Reformists Front (جبهه اصلاحطلبان), formerly called Democracy Front (جبهه مردمسالاری) and Front for Consolidation of Democracy (جبهه تحکیم دموکراسی), is an Iranian reformist political alliance of "little-known parties" formerly pivoted by Democracy Party.
Semnan Province (استان سمنان, Ostān-e Semnān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.
A state religion (also called an established religion or official religion) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state.
The Supreme Leader of Iran (rahbar-e mo'azzam-e irān), also called the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution (رهبر معظم انقلاب اسلامی), officially in Iran, called the Supreme Leadership Authority (مقام معظم رهبری), is the head of state and highest ranking political and religious authority in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
Tehran Bureau is an online news magazine covering politics, foreign affairs, culture and society in Iran and the Iranian Diaspora.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.