Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

Natural environment

Index Natural environment

The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial. [1]

277 relations: Abiotic component, Adaptation, Aesthetics, Agriculture, American Meteorological Society, Anaerobic digestion, Animal, Archaea, Archipelago, Arctic Ocean, Argon, Artificiality, Atlantic Ocean, Atmosphere, Atmosphere of Earth, Atmospheric pressure, Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change, Bacteria, Bank (geography), Beaver dam, Biodiversity, Biogeochemical cycle, Biogeographic realm, Biology, Biome, Biosphere, Biotic component, Biotope, Body of water, Built environment, C. W. Thornthwaite, Carbon, Carbon cycle, Carbon dioxide, Carbon-based life, Cell (biology), Cell growth, Channel (geography), Chaos theory, Chemical compound, Chemistry, Chlorine, Chronology, Climate, Climate change, Climate change adaptation, Climate change mitigation, Climate classification, Climax community, Cloud, ..., Community (ecology), Compost, Conservation movement, Continent, Convection, Crust (geology), Cryosphere, Current (stream), Depression (geology), Desert, Dichotomy, Discipline, Distributed generation, DNA, Domestication, Dust, Earth, Earth science, Earth's rotation, Ecological succession, Ecological unit, Ecology, Ecosystem, Effects of global warming, Electric charge, Endangered species, Endorheic basin, Energy, Environment (biophysical), Environmental science, Environmentalism, Environmentalist, Etymology, Eugene Odum, Evapotranspiration, Exosphere, Extratropical cyclone, Fish pond, Floodplain, Flow velocity, Fluorine, Forest, Fossil fuel, Fresh water, Fungus, Gaia hypothesis, Gas, Gene, Geodesy, Geography, Geology, Geophysics, Glacier, Global warming, Grassland, Greenhouse gas, Groundwater recharge, Habitat, Habitat conservation, Habitat fragmentation, Helium, Homeostasis, Human, Human ecosystem, Human impact on the environment, Humidity, Hut, Hydrogen, Hydrology, Hydrosphere, Ice, Ice age, Igneous rock, Index of environmental articles, Indian Ocean, Industry, Inert gas, Inorganic compound, International Space Station, Ionosphere, Jet stream, Kyoto Protocol, Lake, Land development, Landform, Life, List of environmental issues, List of environmental websites, List of natural phenomena, Lithosphere, Magma, Magnetism, Mantle (geology), Mantle plume, Mathematics, Mercury (element), Mesosphere, Metabolism, Meteoroid, Meteorology, Microorganism, Mid-ocean ridge, Middle latitudes, Mineralogy, Moral, Mound-building termites, Mountain, Nation, Natural capital, Natural history, Natural landscape, Natural resource, Natural selection, Nature, Nature reserve, Nitrogen, Nitrogen cycle, Ocean, Old English, Organic compound, Organism, Organization, Oxygen, Oxygen cycle, Ozone layer, Pacific Ocean, Park, Parts-per notation, Pedosphere, Phenomenon, Philosophy, Phosphorus, Phosphorus cycle, Photosynthesis, Photovoltaic system, Physics, Physiology, Planetary boundary layer, Plant, Plate tectonics, Politics, Pollen, Pollutant, Pollution, Pond, Precipitation, Protist, Public transport, Rachel Carson, Radiation, Radioactive decay, Radionuclide, Rain, Recreation, Recycling, Renewable energy, Reproduction, Reuse, Rheid, Rift zone, Rock (geology), Salinity, Savanna, Science, Sea, Sea spray, Seabed, Seawater, Sociology, Soil, Soil biology, Soil structure, Solar pond, Southern Ocean, Species, Spore, Spring (hydrology), Stimulus (physiology), Stratopause, Stratosphere, Stream, Stream bed, Stream pool, Subduction, Sulfur, Sulfur dioxide, Sunlight, Surface runoff, Suspension (chemistry), Sustainability, Sustainable agriculture, Temperature, Thermosphere, Tide pool, Time, Timeline of environmental history, Toxicant, Tropopause, Troposphere, Turbulence, Ultraviolet, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Urban area, Volcanic ash, Volcano, Waste management, Waste minimisation, Waste-to-energy, Water, Water cycle, Water garden, Water stagnation, Water vapor, Watercourse, Weather, Weather modification, Western Climate Initiative, Wilderness, Wildflower, Wildlife, Wildlife corridor, Wildness, Wind, Wladimir Köppen, World Ocean, Zero waste, 1,000,000,000. Expand index (227 more) »

Abiotic component

In biology and ecology, abiotic components or abiotic factors are non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems.

New!!: Natural environment and Abiotic component · See more »

Adaptation

In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.

New!!: Natural environment and Adaptation · See more »

Aesthetics

Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.

New!!: Natural environment and Aesthetics · See more »

Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

New!!: Natural environment and Agriculture · See more »

American Meteorological Society

The American Meteorological Society (AMS) is the premier scientific and professional organization in the United States promoting and disseminating information about the atmospheric, oceanic, and hydrologic sciences. Its mission is to advance the atmospheric and related sciences, technologies, applications, and services for the benefit of society.

New!!: Natural environment and American Meteorological Society · See more »

Anaerobic digestion

Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes by which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen.

New!!: Natural environment and Anaerobic digestion · See more »

Animal

Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.

New!!: Natural environment and Animal · See more »

Archaea

Archaea (or or) constitute a domain of single-celled microorganisms.

New!!: Natural environment and Archaea · See more »

Archipelago

An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.

New!!: Natural environment and Archipelago · See more »

Arctic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans.

New!!: Natural environment and Arctic Ocean · See more »

Argon

Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.

New!!: Natural environment and Argon · See more »

Artificiality

Artificiality (also called factitiousness, or the state of being artificial or man-made) is the state of being the product of intentional human manufacture, rather than occurring naturally through processes not involving or requiring human activity.

New!!: Natural environment and Artificiality · See more »

Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

New!!: Natural environment and Atlantic Ocean · See more »

Atmosphere

An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.

New!!: Natural environment and Atmosphere · See more »

Atmosphere of Earth

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.

New!!: Natural environment and Atmosphere of Earth · See more »

Atmospheric pressure

Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).

New!!: Natural environment and Atmospheric pressure · See more »

Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change

Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change: A Scientific Symposium on Stabilisation of Greenhouse Gases was a 2005 international conference that examined the link between atmospheric greenhouse gas concentration, and the 2 °C (3.6 °F) ceiling on global warming thought necessary to avoid the most serious effects of global warming.

New!!: Natural environment and Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change · See more »

Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Natural environment and Bacteria · See more »

Bank (geography)

In geography, the word bank generally refers to the land alongside a body of water.

New!!: Natural environment and Bank (geography) · See more »

Beaver dam

Beaver dams are dams built by beavers to provide ponds as protection against predators such as coyotes, wolves, and bears, and to provide easy access to food during winter.

New!!: Natural environment and Beaver dam · See more »

Biodiversity

Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Biodiversity · See more »

Biogeochemical cycle

In geography and Earth science, a biogeochemical cycle or substance turnover or cycling of substances is a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through biotic (biosphere) and abiotic (lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) compartments of Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Biogeochemical cycle · See more »

Biogeographic realm

A biogeographic realm or ecozone is the broadest biogeographic division of the Earth's land surface, based on distributional patterns of terrestrial organisms.

New!!: Natural environment and Biogeographic realm · See more »

Biology

Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

New!!: Natural environment and Biology · See more »

Biome

A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.

New!!: Natural environment and Biome · See more »

Biosphere

The biosphere (from Greek βίος bíos "life" and σφαῖρα sphaira "sphere") also known as the ecosphere (from Greek οἶκος oîkos "environment" and σφαῖρα), is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems.

New!!: Natural environment and Biosphere · See more »

Biotic component

Biotic components or biotic factors, can be described as any living component that affects another organism, or shapes the ecosystem.

New!!: Natural environment and Biotic component · See more »

Biotope

A biotope is an area of uniform environmental conditions providing a living place for a specific assemblage of plants and animals.

New!!: Natural environment and Biotope · See more »

Body of water

A body of water or waterbody (often spelled water body) is any significant accumulation of water, generally on a planet's surface.

New!!: Natural environment and Body of water · See more »

Built environment

In social science, the term built environment, or built world, refers to the human-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from buildings to parks.

New!!: Natural environment and Built environment · See more »

C. W. Thornthwaite

Charles Warren Thornthwaite (March 7, 1899 – June 11, 1963) was an American geographer and climatologist.

New!!: Natural environment and C. W. Thornthwaite · See more »

Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Natural environment and Carbon · See more »

Carbon cycle

The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Carbon cycle · See more »

Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

New!!: Natural environment and Carbon dioxide · See more »

Carbon-based life

Carbon is a key component of all known life on Earth, representing approximately 45-50% of all dry biomass.

New!!: Natural environment and Carbon-based life · See more »

Cell (biology)

The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.

New!!: Natural environment and Cell (biology) · See more »

Cell growth

The term cell growth is used in the contexts of biological cell development and cell division (reproduction).

New!!: Natural environment and Cell growth · See more »

Channel (geography)

In physical geography, a channel is a type of landform consisting of the outline of a path of relatively shallow and narrow body of fluid, most commonly the confine of a river, river delta or strait.

New!!: Natural environment and Channel (geography) · See more »

Chaos theory

Chaos theory is a branch of mathematics focusing on the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions.

New!!: Natural environment and Chaos theory · See more »

Chemical compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

New!!: Natural environment and Chemical compound · See more »

Chemistry

Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

New!!: Natural environment and Chemistry · See more »

Chlorine

Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

New!!: Natural environment and Chlorine · See more »

Chronology

Chronology (from Latin chronologia, from Ancient Greek χρόνος, chrónos, "time"; and -λογία, -logia) is the science of arranging events in their order of occurrence in time.

New!!: Natural environment and Chronology · See more »

Climate

Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.

New!!: Natural environment and Climate · See more »

Climate change

Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).

New!!: Natural environment and Climate change · See more »

Climate change adaptation

Climate change adaptation is a response to global warming and climate change, that seeks to reduce the vulnerability of social and biological systems to relatively sudden change and thus offset the effects of global warming.

New!!: Natural environment and Climate change adaptation · See more »

Climate change mitigation

Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit the magnitude or rate of long-term climate change.

New!!: Natural environment and Climate change mitigation · See more »

Climate classification

Climate classification systems are ways of classifying the world's climates.

New!!: Natural environment and Climate classification · See more »

Climax community

In ecology, climax community, or climatic climax community, is a historic term for a biological community of plants, animals, and fungi which, through the process of ecological succession in the development of vegetation in an area over time, have reached a steady state.

New!!: Natural environment and Climax community · See more »

Cloud

In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol consisting of a visible mass of minute liquid droplets, frozen crystals, or other particles suspended in the atmosphere of a planetary body.

New!!: Natural environment and Cloud · See more »

Community (ecology)

In ecology, a community is a group or association of populations of two or more different species occupying the same geographical area and in a particular time, also known as a biocoenosis The term community has a variety of uses.

New!!: Natural environment and Community (ecology) · See more »

Compost

Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called composting.

New!!: Natural environment and Compost · See more »

Conservation movement

The conservation movement, also known as nature conservation, is a political, environmental, and social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including animal and plant species as well as their habitat for the future.

New!!: Natural environment and Conservation movement · See more »

Continent

A continent is one of several very large landmasses of the world.

New!!: Natural environment and Continent · See more »

Convection

Convection is the heat transfer due to bulk movement of molecules within fluids such as gases and liquids, including molten rock (rheid).

New!!: Natural environment and Convection · See more »

Crust (geology)

In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.

New!!: Natural environment and Crust (geology) · See more »

Cryosphere

The cryosphere (from the Greek κρύος kryos, "cold", "frost" or "ice" and σφαῖρα sphaira, "globe, ball") is those portions of Earth's surface where water is in solid form, including sea ice, lake ice, river ice, snow cover, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, and frozen ground (which includes permafrost).

New!!: Natural environment and Cryosphere · See more »

Current (stream)

A current, in a river or stream, is the flow of water influenced by gravity as the water moves downhill to reduce its potential energy.

New!!: Natural environment and Current (stream) · See more »

Depression (geology)

A depression in geology is a landform sunken or depressed below the surrounding area.

New!!: Natural environment and Depression (geology) · See more »

Desert

A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.

New!!: Natural environment and Desert · See more »

Dichotomy

A dichotomy is a partition of a whole (or a set) into two parts (subsets).

New!!: Natural environment and Dichotomy · See more »

Discipline

Discipline is action or inaction that is regulated to be in accordance (or to achieve accord) with a system of governance.

New!!: Natural environment and Discipline · See more »

Distributed generation

Distributed generation, also distributed energy, on-site generation (OSG) or district/decentralized energy is electrical generation and storage performed by a variety of small, grid-connected devices referred to as distributed energy resources (DER).

New!!: Natural environment and Distributed generation · See more »

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

New!!: Natural environment and DNA · See more »

Domestication

Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.

New!!: Natural environment and Domestication · See more »

Dust

Dust are fine particles of matter.

New!!: Natural environment and Dust · See more »

Earth

Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.

New!!: Natural environment and Earth · See more »

Earth science

Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Earth science · See more »

Earth's rotation

Earth's rotation is the rotation of Planet Earth around its own axis.

New!!: Natural environment and Earth's rotation · See more »

Ecological succession

Ecological succession is the process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time.

New!!: Natural environment and Ecological succession · See more »

Ecological unit

Ecological units, comprise concepts such as population, community, and - in particular - the ecosystem as the basic unit, which are at the basis of ecological theory and research.

New!!: Natural environment and Ecological unit · See more »

Ecology

Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.

New!!: Natural environment and Ecology · See more »

Ecosystem

An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.

New!!: Natural environment and Ecosystem · See more »

Effects of global warming

The effects of global warming are the environmental and social changes caused (directly or indirectly) by human emissions of greenhouse gases.

New!!: Natural environment and Effects of global warming · See more »

Electric charge

Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.

New!!: Natural environment and Electric charge · See more »

Endangered species

An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.

New!!: Natural environment and Endangered species · See more »

Endorheic basin

An endorheic basin (also endoreic basin or endorreic basin) (from the ἔνδον, éndon, "within" and ῥεῖν, rheîn, "to flow") is a limited drainage basin that normally retains water and allows no outflow to other external bodies of water, such as rivers or oceans, but converges instead into lakes or swamps, permanent or seasonal, that equilibrate through evaporation.

New!!: Natural environment and Endorheic basin · See more »

Energy

In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.

New!!: Natural environment and Energy · See more »

Environment (biophysical)

A biophysical environment is a biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism or population, and consequently includes the factors that have an influence in their survival, development, and evolution.

New!!: Natural environment and Environment (biophysical) · See more »

Environmental science

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, oceanology, limnology, soil science, geology and physical geography (geodesy), and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.

New!!: Natural environment and Environmental science · See more »

Environmentalism

Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter.

New!!: Natural environment and Environmentalism · See more »

Environmentalist

An environmentalist is a supporter of the goals of the environmental movement, "a political and ethical movement that seeks to improve and protect the quality of the natural environment through changes to environmentally harmful human activities".

New!!: Natural environment and Environmentalist · See more »

Etymology

EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".

New!!: Natural environment and Etymology · See more »

Eugene Odum

Eugene Pleasants Odum (September 17, 1913 – August 10, 2002) was an American biologist at the University of Georgia known for his pioneering work on ecosystem ecology.

New!!: Natural environment and Eugene Odum · See more »

Evapotranspiration

Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land and ocean surface to the atmosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Evapotranspiration · See more »

Exosphere

The exosphere (ἔξω éxō "outside, external, beyond", σφαῖρα sphaĩra "sphere") is a thin, atmosphere-like volume surrounding a planet or natural satellite where molecules are gravitationally bound to that body, but where the density is too low for them to behave as a gas by colliding with each other.

New!!: Natural environment and Exosphere · See more »

Extratropical cyclone

Extratropical cyclones, sometimes called mid-latitude cyclones or wave cyclones, are low-pressure areas which, along with the anticyclones of high-pressure areas, drive the weather over much of the Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Extratropical cyclone · See more »

Fish pond

A fish pond, or fishpond, is a controlled pond, artificial lake, or reservoir that is stocked with fish and is used in aquaculture for fish farming, or is used for recreational fishing or for ornamental purposes.

New!!: Natural environment and Fish pond · See more »

Floodplain

A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls, and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.

New!!: Natural environment and Floodplain · See more »

Flow velocity

In continuum mechanics the macroscopic velocity, also flow velocity in fluid dynamics or drift velocity in electromagnetism, is a vector field used to mathematically describe the motion of a continuum.

New!!: Natural environment and Flow velocity · See more »

Fluorine

Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.

New!!: Natural environment and Fluorine · See more »

Forest

A forest is a large area dominated by trees.

New!!: Natural environment and Forest · See more »

Fossil fuel

A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.

New!!: Natural environment and Fossil fuel · See more »

Fresh water

Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.

New!!: Natural environment and Fresh water · See more »

Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

New!!: Natural environment and Fungus · See more »

Gaia hypothesis

The Gaia hypothesis, also known as the Gaia theory or the Gaia principle, proposes that living organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a synergistic and self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain and perpetuate the conditions for life on the planet.

New!!: Natural environment and Gaia hypothesis · See more »

Gas

Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).

New!!: Natural environment and Gas · See more »

Gene

In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

New!!: Natural environment and Gene · See more »

Geodesy

Geodesy, also known as geodetics, is the earth science of accurately measuring and understanding three of Earth's fundamental properties: its geometric shape, orientation in space, and gravitational field.

New!!: Natural environment and Geodesy · See more »

Geography

Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Geography · See more »

Geology

Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.

New!!: Natural environment and Geology · See more »

Geophysics

Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.

New!!: Natural environment and Geophysics · See more »

Glacier

A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.

New!!: Natural environment and Glacier · See more »

Global warming

Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.

New!!: Natural environment and Global warming · See more »

Grassland

Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.

New!!: Natural environment and Grassland · See more »

Greenhouse gas

A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.

New!!: Natural environment and Greenhouse gas · See more »

Groundwater recharge

Groundwater recharge or deep drainage or deep percolation is a hydrologic process where water moves downward from surface water to groundwater.

New!!: Natural environment and Groundwater recharge · See more »

Habitat

In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

New!!: Natural environment and Habitat · See more »

Habitat conservation

Habitat conservation is a management practice that seeks to conserve, protect and restore habitat areas for wild plants and animals, especially conservation reliant species, and prevent their extinction, fragmentation or reduction in range.

New!!: Natural environment and Habitat conservation · See more »

Habitat fragmentation

Habitat fragmentation describes the emergence of discontinuities (fragmentation) in an organism's preferred environment (habitat), causing population fragmentation and ecosystem decay.

New!!: Natural environment and Habitat fragmentation · See more »

Helium

Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

New!!: Natural environment and Helium · See more »

Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.

New!!: Natural environment and Homeostasis · See more »

Human

Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

New!!: Natural environment and Human · See more »

Human ecosystem

Human ecosystems are complex cybernetic systems that are increasingly being used by ecological anthropologists and other scholars to examine the ecological aspects of human communities in a way that integrates multiple factors as economics, socio-political organization, psychological factors, and physical factors related to the environment.

New!!: Natural environment and Human ecosystem · See more »

Human impact on the environment

Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.

New!!: Natural environment and Human impact on the environment · See more »

Humidity

Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.

New!!: Natural environment and Humidity · See more »

Hut

A hut is a primitive dwelling, which may be constructed of various local materials.

New!!: Natural environment and Hut · See more »

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Natural environment and Hydrogen · See more »

Hydrology

Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.

New!!: Natural environment and Hydrology · See more »

Hydrosphere

The hydrosphere (from Greek ὕδωρ hydōr, "water" and σφαῖρα sphaira, "sphere") is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet, minor planet or natural satellite.

New!!: Natural environment and Hydrosphere · See more »

Ice

Ice is water frozen into a solid state.

New!!: Natural environment and Ice · See more »

Ice age

An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

New!!: Natural environment and Ice age · See more »

Igneous rock

Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.

New!!: Natural environment and Igneous rock · See more »

Index of environmental articles

The natural environment, commonly referred to simply as the environment, includes all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Index of environmental articles · See more »

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).

New!!: Natural environment and Indian Ocean · See more »

Industry

Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.

New!!: Natural environment and Industry · See more »

Inert gas

An inert gas/noble gas is a gas which does not undergo chemical reactions under a set of given conditions.

New!!: Natural environment and Inert gas · See more »

Inorganic compound

An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.

New!!: Natural environment and Inorganic compound · See more »

International Space Station

The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.

New!!: Natural environment and International Space Station · See more »

Ionosphere

The ionosphere is the ionized part of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about to altitude, a region that includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Ionosphere · See more »

Jet stream

Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow, meandering air currents in the atmospheres of some planets, including Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Jet stream · See more »

Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus that (part one) global warming is occurring and (part two) it is extremely likely that human-made CO2 emissions have predominantly caused it.

New!!: Natural environment and Kyoto Protocol · See more »

Lake

A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake.

New!!: Natural environment and Lake · See more »

Land development

Land development is altering the landscape in any number of ways such as.

New!!: Natural environment and Land development · See more »

Landform

A landform is a natural feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body.

New!!: Natural environment and Landform · See more »

Life

Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that do have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate.

New!!: Natural environment and Life · See more »

List of environmental issues

This is an alphabetical list of environmental issues, harmful aspects of human activity on the biophysical environment.

New!!: Natural environment and List of environmental issues · See more »

List of environmental websites

This list of environmental websites includes websites, blogs, podcasts and other web-based platforms associated with environmental issues.

New!!: Natural environment and List of environmental websites · See more »

List of natural phenomena

Types of natural phenomena include, but are not limited to, the following: Weather, fog, thunder, tornadoes; biological processes, decomposition, germination; physical processes, wave propagation, erosion; tidal flow, and natural disasters such as electromagnetic pulses, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.

New!!: Natural environment and List of natural phenomena · See more »

Lithosphere

A lithosphere (λίθος for "rocky", and σφαίρα for "sphere") is the rigid, outermost shell of a terrestrial-type planet, or natural satellite, that is defined by its rigid mechanical properties.

New!!: Natural environment and Lithosphere · See more »

Magma

Magma (from Ancient Greek μάγμα (mágma) meaning "thick unguent") is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets and some natural satellites.

New!!: Natural environment and Magma · See more »

Magnetism

Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields.

New!!: Natural environment and Magnetism · See more »

Mantle (geology)

The mantle is a layer inside a terrestrial planet and some other rocky planetary bodies.

New!!: Natural environment and Mantle (geology) · See more »

Mantle plume

A mantle plume is an upwelling of abnormally hot rock within the Earth's mantle, first proposed by J. Tuzo Wilson in 1963.

New!!: Natural environment and Mantle plume · See more »

Mathematics

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.

New!!: Natural environment and Mathematics · See more »

Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

New!!: Natural environment and Mercury (element) · See more »

Mesosphere

The mesosphere (from Greek mesos "middle" and sphaira "sphere") is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere that is directly above the stratosphere and directly below the thermosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Mesosphere · See more »

Metabolism

Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

New!!: Natural environment and Metabolism · See more »

Meteoroid

A meteoroid is a small rocky or metallic body in outer space.

New!!: Natural environment and Meteoroid · See more »

Meteorology

Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting.

New!!: Natural environment and Meteorology · See more »

Microorganism

A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.

New!!: Natural environment and Microorganism · See more »

Mid-ocean ridge

A mid-ocean ridge (MOR) is an underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics.

New!!: Natural environment and Mid-ocean ridge · See more »

Middle latitudes

The middle latitudes (also called the mid-latitudes, sometimes midlatitudes, or moderate latitudes) of Earth lie between 23°26'22" and 66°33'39" north, and between 23°26'22" and 66°33'39" south.

New!!: Natural environment and Middle latitudes · See more »

Mineralogy

Mineralogy is a subject of geology specializing in the scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts.

New!!: Natural environment and Mineralogy · See more »

Moral

A moral (from Latin morālis) is a message that is conveyed or a lesson to be learned from a story or event.

New!!: Natural environment and Moral · See more »

Mound-building termites

Mound-building termites are a group of termite species that live in mounds.

New!!: Natural environment and Mound-building termites · See more »

Mountain

A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak.

New!!: Natural environment and Mountain · See more »

Nation

A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.

New!!: Natural environment and Nation · See more »

Natural capital

Natural capital is the world's stock of natural resources, which includes geology, soils, air, water and all living organisms.

New!!: Natural environment and Natural capital · See more »

Natural history

Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.

New!!: Natural environment and Natural history · See more »

Natural landscape

A natural landscape is the original landscape that exists before it is acted upon by human culture.

New!!: Natural environment and Natural landscape · See more »

Natural resource

Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.

New!!: Natural environment and Natural resource · See more »

Natural selection

Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.

New!!: Natural environment and Natural selection · See more »

Nature

Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.

New!!: Natural environment and Nature · See more »

Nature reserve

A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.

New!!: Natural environment and Nature reserve · See more »

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Natural environment and Nitrogen · See more »

Nitrogen cycle

The nitrogen cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which nitrogen is converted into multiple chemical forms as it circulates among the atmosphere, terrestrial, and marine ecosystems.

New!!: Natural environment and Nitrogen cycle · See more »

Ocean

An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Ocean · See more »

Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

New!!: Natural environment and Old English · See more »

Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

New!!: Natural environment and Organic compound · See more »

Organism

In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.

New!!: Natural environment and Organism · See more »

Organization

An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.

New!!: Natural environment and Organization · See more »

Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Natural environment and Oxygen · See more »

Oxygen cycle

The oxygen cycle is the biogeochemical cycle of oxygen within its four main reservoirs: the atmosphere (air), the total content of biological matter within the biosphere (the global sum of all ecosystems), the hydrosphere (the combined mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of planet Earth), and the lithosphere/Earth's crust.

New!!: Natural environment and Oxygen cycle · See more »

Ozone layer

The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.

New!!: Natural environment and Ozone layer · See more »

Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

New!!: Natural environment and Pacific Ocean · See more »

Park

A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats.

New!!: Natural environment and Park · See more »

Parts-per notation

In science and engineering, the parts-per notation is a set of pseudo-units to describe small values of miscellaneous dimensionless quantities, e.g. mole fraction or mass fraction.

New!!: Natural environment and Parts-per notation · See more »

Pedosphere

The pedosphere (from Greek πέδον pedon "soil" or "earth" and σφαῖρα sphaira "sphere") is the outermost layer of the Earth that is composed of soil and subject to soil formation processes.

New!!: Natural environment and Pedosphere · See more »

Phenomenon

A phenomenon (Greek: φαινόμενον, phainómenon, from the verb phainein, to show, shine, appear, to be manifest or manifest itself, plural phenomena) is any thing which manifests itself.

New!!: Natural environment and Phenomenon · See more »

Philosophy

Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

New!!: Natural environment and Philosophy · See more »

Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.

New!!: Natural environment and Phosphorus · See more »

Phosphorus cycle

The phosphorus cycle is the biogeochemical cycle that describes the movement of phosphorus through the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Phosphorus cycle · See more »

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).

New!!: Natural environment and Photosynthesis · See more »

Photovoltaic system

A photovoltaic system, also PV system or solar power system, is a power system designed to supply usable solar power by means of photovoltaics.

New!!: Natural environment and Photovoltaic system · See more »

Physics

Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.

New!!: Natural environment and Physics · See more »

Physiology

Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

New!!: Natural environment and Physiology · See more »

Planetary boundary layer

In meteorology the planetary boundary layer (PBL), also known as the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL), is the lowest part of the atmosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Planetary boundary layer · See more »

Plant

Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

New!!: Natural environment and Plant · See more »

Plate tectonics

Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.

New!!: Natural environment and Plate tectonics · See more »

Politics

Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.

New!!: Natural environment and Politics · See more »

Pollen

Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).

New!!: Natural environment and Pollen · See more »

Pollutant

A pollutant is a substance or energy introduced into the environment that has undesired effects, or adversely affects the usefulness of a resource.

New!!: Natural environment and Pollutant · See more »

Pollution

Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.

New!!: Natural environment and Pollution · See more »

Pond

A pond is a body of standing water, either natural or artificial, that is usually smaller than a lake.

New!!: Natural environment and Pond · See more »

Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

New!!: Natural environment and Precipitation · See more »

Protist

A protist is any eukaryotic organism that has cells with nuclei and is not an animal, plant or fungus.

New!!: Natural environment and Protist · See more »

Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

New!!: Natural environment and Public transport · See more »

Rachel Carson

Rachel Louise Carson (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) was an American marine biologist, author, and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.

New!!: Natural environment and Rachel Carson · See more »

Radiation

In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.

New!!: Natural environment and Radiation · See more »

Radioactive decay

Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.

New!!: Natural environment and Radioactive decay · See more »

Radionuclide

A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.

New!!: Natural environment and Radionuclide · See more »

Rain

Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.

New!!: Natural environment and Rain · See more »

Recreation

Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.

New!!: Natural environment and Recreation · See more »

Recycling

Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.

New!!: Natural environment and Recycling · See more »

Renewable energy

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.

New!!: Natural environment and Renewable energy · See more »

Reproduction

Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents".

New!!: Natural environment and Reproduction · See more »

Reuse

Reuse is the action or practice of using something again, whether for its original purpose (conventional reuse) or to fulfil a different function (creative reuse or repurposing).

New!!: Natural environment and Reuse · See more »

Rheid

A rheid is a substance whose temperature is below the melting point and whose deformation by viscous flow during the time of observation is at least three orders of magnitude (1,000×) greater than the elastic deformation under the given conditions.

New!!: Natural environment and Rheid · See more »

Rift zone

A rift zone is a feature of some volcanoes, especially shield volcanoes, in which a linear series of cracks (or rifts) develops in a volcanic edifice, typically forming into two or three well-defined regions along the flanks of the vent.

New!!: Natural environment and Rift zone · See more »

Rock (geology)

Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.

New!!: Natural environment and Rock (geology) · See more »

Salinity

Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).

New!!: Natural environment and Salinity · See more »

Savanna

A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.

New!!: Natural environment and Savanna · See more »

Science

R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.

New!!: Natural environment and Science · See more »

Sea

A sea is a large body of salt water that is surrounded in whole or in part by land.

New!!: Natural environment and Sea · See more »

Sea spray

Sea spray refers to aerosol particles that are formed directly from the ocean, mostly by ejection into the atmosphere by bursting bubbles at the air-sea interface.

New!!: Natural environment and Sea spray · See more »

Seabed

The seabed (also known as the seafloor, sea floor, or ocean floor) is the bottom of the ocean.

New!!: Natural environment and Seabed · See more »

Seawater

Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.

New!!: Natural environment and Seawater · See more »

Sociology

Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.

New!!: Natural environment and Sociology · See more »

Soil

Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

New!!: Natural environment and Soil · See more »

Soil biology

Soil biology is the study of microbial and faunal activity and ecology in soil.

New!!: Natural environment and Soil biology · See more »

Soil structure

Soil structure describes the arrangement of the solid parts of the soil and of the pore space located between them.

New!!: Natural environment and Soil structure · See more »

Solar pond

A solar pond is a large scale solar thermal collector with an integrated arrangement for storage of heated water.

New!!: Natural environment and Solar pond · See more »

Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.

New!!: Natural environment and Southern Ocean · See more »

Species

In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

New!!: Natural environment and Species · See more »

Spore

In biology, a spore is a unit of sexual or asexual reproduction that may be adapted for dispersal and for survival, often for extended periods of time, in unfavourable conditions.

New!!: Natural environment and Spore · See more »

Spring (hydrology)

A spring is any natural situation where water flows from an aquifer to the Earth's surface.

New!!: Natural environment and Spring (hydrology) · See more »

Stimulus (physiology)

In physiology, a stimulus (plural stimuli) is a detectable change in the internal or external environment.

New!!: Natural environment and Stimulus (physiology) · See more »

Stratopause

The stratopause (formerly Mesopeak) is the level of the atmosphere which is the boundary between two layers: the stratosphere and the mesosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Stratopause · See more »

Stratosphere

The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Stratosphere · See more »

Stream

A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel.

New!!: Natural environment and Stream · See more »

Stream bed

A stream bed is the channel bottom of a stream or river, the physical confine of the normal water flow.

New!!: Natural environment and Stream bed · See more »

Stream pool

A stream pool, in hydrology, is a stretch of a river or stream in which the water depth is above average and the water velocity is below average.

New!!: Natural environment and Stream pool · See more »

Subduction

Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.

New!!: Natural environment and Subduction · See more »

Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

New!!: Natural environment and Sulfur · See more »

Sulfur dioxide

Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.

New!!: Natural environment and Sulfur dioxide · See more »

Sunlight

Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.

New!!: Natural environment and Sunlight · See more »

Surface runoff

Surface runoff (also known as overland flow) is the flow of water that occurs when excess stormwater, meltwater, or other sources flows over the Earth's surface.

New!!: Natural environment and Surface runoff · See more »

Suspension (chemistry)

In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture that contains solid particles sufficiently large for sedimentation.

New!!: Natural environment and Suspension (chemistry) · See more »

Sustainability

Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.

New!!: Natural environment and Sustainability · See more »

Sustainable agriculture

Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways based on an understanding of ecosystem services, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment.

New!!: Natural environment and Sustainable agriculture · See more »

Temperature

Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

New!!: Natural environment and Temperature · See more »

Thermosphere

The thermosphere is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere directly above the mesosphere and below the exosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Thermosphere · See more »

Tide pool

Tide pools or rock pools are shallow pools of seawater that form on the rocky intertidal shore.

New!!: Natural environment and Tide pool · See more »

Time

Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future.

New!!: Natural environment and Time · See more »

Timeline of environmental history

The timeline lists events in the external environment that have influenced events in human history.

New!!: Natural environment and Timeline of environmental history · See more »

Toxicant

A toxicant (pronounced TOK-sih-kunt) is any toxic substance.

New!!: Natural environment and Toxicant · See more »

Tropopause

The tropopause is the boundary in the Earth's atmosphere between the troposphere and the stratosphere.

New!!: Natural environment and Tropopause · See more »

Troposphere

The troposphere is the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where nearly all weather conditions take place.

New!!: Natural environment and Troposphere · See more »

Turbulence

In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is any pattern of fluid motion characterized by chaotic changes in pressure and flow velocity.

New!!: Natural environment and Turbulence · See more »

Ultraviolet

Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

New!!: Natural environment and Ultraviolet · See more »

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty adopted on 9 May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.

New!!: Natural environment and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change · See more »

Urban area

An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

New!!: Natural environment and Urban area · See more »

Volcanic ash

Volcanic ash consists of fragments of pulverized rock, minerals and volcanic glass, created during volcanic eruptions and measuring less than 2 mm (0.079 inches) in diameter.

New!!: Natural environment and Volcanic ash · See more »

Volcano

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

New!!: Natural environment and Volcano · See more »

Waste management

Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.

New!!: Natural environment and Waste management · See more »

Waste minimisation

Waste minimisation is a set of processes and practices intended to reduce the amount of waste produced.

New!!: Natural environment and Waste minimisation · See more »

Waste-to-energy

Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste, or the processing of waste into a fuel source.

New!!: Natural environment and Waste-to-energy · See more »

Water

Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

New!!: Natural environment and Water · See more »

Water cycle

The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the hydrologic cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth.

New!!: Natural environment and Water cycle · See more »

Water garden

Water gardens, also known as aquatic gardens, are a type of water feature.

New!!: Natural environment and Water garden · See more »

Water stagnation

Water stagnation occurs when water stops flowing.

New!!: Natural environment and Water stagnation · See more »

Water vapor

No description.

New!!: Natural environment and Water vapor · See more »

Watercourse

A watercourse is the channel that a flowing body of water follows.

New!!: Natural environment and Watercourse · See more »

Weather

Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.

New!!: Natural environment and Weather · See more »

Weather modification

Weather modification is the act of intentionally manipulating or altering the weather.

New!!: Natural environment and Weather modification · See more »

Western Climate Initiative

The Western Climate Initiative, or WCI, was started in February 2007 by the governors of five western U.S. states (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington) with the goal of developing a multi-sector, market-based program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

New!!: Natural environment and Western Climate Initiative · See more »

Wilderness

Wilderness or wildland is a natural environment on Earth that has not been significantly modified by human activity.

New!!: Natural environment and Wilderness · See more »

Wildflower

A wildflower (or wild flower) is a flower that grows in the wild, meaning it was not intentionally seeded or planted.

New!!: Natural environment and Wildflower · See more »

Wildlife

Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.

New!!: Natural environment and Wildlife · See more »

Wildlife corridor

A wildlife corridor, habitat corridor, or green corridor is an area of habitat connecting wildlife populations separated by human activities or structures (such as roads, development, or logging).

New!!: Natural environment and Wildlife corridor · See more »

Wildness

Wildness, in its literal sense, is the quality of being wild or untamed.

New!!: Natural environment and Wildness · See more »

Wind

Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.

New!!: Natural environment and Wind · See more »

Wladimir Köppen

Wladimir Peter Köppen (Влади́мир Петро́вич Кёппен, Vladimir Petrovich Kyoppen; 7 October 1846 – 22 June 1940) was a Russian-German geographer, meteorologist, climatologist and botanist.

New!!: Natural environment and Wladimir Köppen · See more »

World Ocean

The World Ocean or Global Ocean (colloquially the sea or the ocean) is the interconnected system of Earth's oceanic waters, and comprises the bulk of the hydrosphere, covering (70.8%) of Earth's surface, with a total volume of.

New!!: Natural environment and World Ocean · See more »

Zero waste

Zero Waste is a philosophy that encourages the redesign of resource life cycles so that all products are reused.

New!!: Natural environment and Zero waste · See more »

1,000,000,000

1,000,000,000 (one billion, short scale; one thousand million or milliard, yard, long scale) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.

New!!: Natural environment and 1,000,000,000 · See more »

Redirects here:

Environmental Systems, Environmental assets, Geographic environment, Natural Environment, Natural force, Natural physical environment, The Environment, The environment.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_environment

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »