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Natural language

Index Natural language

In neuropsychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of language, a natural language or ordinary language is any language that has evolved naturally in humans through use and repetition without conscious planning or premeditation. [1]

46 relations: Académie française, Aerospace, Alexander Gode, Biocommunication (science), Constructed language, Controlled natural language, Creole language, Dialect, Esperanto, Evolutionary linguistics, First language, Formal language, Interlingua, Interlingua–English Dictionary, International auxiliary language, International Auxiliary Language Association, L. L. Zamenhof, Language, Language acquisition, Latino sine flexione, Linguistic prescription, Linguistics, List of language regulators, Logic, Native Esperanto speakers, Natural language processing, Neuropsychology, Nonstandard dialect, Official language, Origin of language, Philosophy of language, Pidgin, Programming language, Regular and irregular verbs, Sign language, Simplified Technical English, Spoken language, Standard French, Standard language, Syntax, The Language Instinct, Variety (linguistics), Waggle dance, Whale vocalization, Wild type, World language.

Académie française

The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.

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Aerospace

Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).

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Alexander Gode

Alexander Gottfried Friedrich Gode-von Aesch, or simply Alexander Gode (October 30, 1906 – August 10, 1970), was a German-American linguist, translator and the driving force behind the creation of the auxiliary language Interlingua.

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Biocommunication (science)

In the study of the biological sciences, biocommunication is any specific type of communication within (intraspecific) or between (interspecific) species of plants, animals, fungi, protozoa and microorganisms.

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Constructed language

A constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary have been consciously devised for human or human-like communication, instead of having developed naturally.

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Controlled natural language

Controlled natural languages (CNLs) are subsets of natural languages that are obtained by restricting the grammar and vocabulary in order to reduce or eliminate ambiguity and complexity.

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Creole language

A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages at a fairly sudden point in time: often, a pidgin transitioned into a full, native language.

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Dialect

The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.

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Esperanto

Esperanto (or; Esperanto) is a constructed international auxiliary language.

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Evolutionary linguistics

Evolutionary linguistics is a subfield of psycholinguistics that studies the psychosocial and cultural factors involved in the origin of language and the development of linguistic universals.

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First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

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Formal language

In mathematics, computer science, and linguistics, a formal language is a set of strings of symbols together with a set of rules that are specific to it.

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Interlingua

Interlingua (ISO 639 language codes ia, ina) is an Italic international auxiliary language (IAL), developed between 1937 and 1951 by the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA).

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Interlingua–English Dictionary

The Interlingua–English Dictionary (IED), developed by the International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA) under the direction of Alexander Gode and published by Storm Publishers in 1951, is the first Interlingua dictionary.

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International auxiliary language

An international auxiliary language (sometimes abbreviated as IAL or auxlang) or interlanguage is a language meant for communication between people from different nations who do not share a common first language.

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International Auxiliary Language Association

The International Auxiliary Language Association (IALA) was founded in 1924 to "promote widespread study, discussion and publicity of all questions involved in the establishment of an auxiliary language, together with research and experiment that may hasten such establishment in an intelligent manner and on stable foundations." Although it was created to determine which auxiliary language of a wide field of contenders was best suited for international communication, it eventually determined that none of them was up to the task and developed its own language, Interlingua.

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L. L. Zamenhof

Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof; –), credited as L. L. Zamenhof and sometimes as the pseudonymous Dr.

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Language

Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.

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Language acquisition

Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.

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Latino sine flexione

Latino sine flexione ("Latin without inflections"), Interlingua de Academia pro Interlingua (IL de ApI) or Peano’s Interlingua (abbreviated as IL), is an international auxiliary language compiled by the Academia pro Interlingua under chairmanship of the Italian mathematician Giuseppe Peano (1858–1932) in 1887-1914.

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Linguistic prescription

Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to lay down rules defining correct use of language.

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Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.

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List of language regulators

This is a list of bodies that regulate standard languages, often called language academies.

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Logic

Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.

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Native Esperanto speakers

Native Esperanto speakers (Esperanto: denaskuloj or denaskaj esperantistoj) are people who have acquired Esperanto as one of their native languages.

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Natural language processing

Natural language processing (NLP) is an area of computer science and artificial intelligence concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of natural language data.

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Neuropsychology

Neuropsychology is the study of the structure and function of the brain as they relate to specific psychological processes and behaviours.

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Nonstandard dialect

A nonstandard dialect is a dialect that does not have the institutional support or sanction that a standard dialect has.

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Official language

An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

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Origin of language

The evolutionary emergence of language in the human species has been a subject of speculation for several centuries.

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Philosophy of language

Philosophy of language explores the relationship between language and reality.

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Pidgin

A pidgin, or pidgin language, is a grammatically simplified means of communication that develops between two or more groups that do not have a language in common: typically, its vocabulary and grammar are limited and often drawn from several languages.

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Programming language

A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.

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Regular and irregular verbs

A regular verb is any verb whose conjugation follows the typical pattern, or one of the typical patterns, of the language to which it belongs.

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Sign language

Sign languages (also known as signed languages) are languages that use manual communication to convey meaning.

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Simplified Technical English

ASD STE-100 Simplified Technical English, or Simplified English, is the original name of a controlled language specification originally developed for aerospace industry maintenance manuals.

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Spoken language

A spoken language is a language produced by articulate sounds, as opposed to a written language.

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Standard French

Standard French (in French: le français standard, le français normé, le français neutre or le français international, the last being a Quebec invention) is an unofficial term for a standard variety of the French language.

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Standard language

A standard language or standard variety may be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization.

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Syntax

In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.

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The Language Instinct

The Language Instinct is a 1994 book by Steven Pinker, written for a general audience.

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Variety (linguistics)

In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.

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Waggle dance

Waggle dance is a term used in beekeeping and ethology for a particular figure-eight dance of the honey bee.

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Whale vocalization

Whale sounds are used by whales for different kinds of communication.

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Wild type

Wild type (WT) refers to the phenotype of the typical form of a species as it occurs in nature.

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World language

A world language is a language that is spoken internationally and is learned and spoken by a large number of people as a second language.

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Redirects here:

Natlang, Natural Language, Natural languages, Natural speech.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_language

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