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Near-field communication

Index Near-field communication

Near-field communication (NFC) is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices, one of which is usually a portable device such as a smartphone, to establish communication by bringing them within 4 cm (1.6 in) of each other. [1]

153 relations: Airtel Africa, Amiibo, Amplitude-shift keying, Android (operating system), Android Beam, Apple Inc., Apple Pay, Apple Watch, Application software, AT&T, Barcode, BebaPay, BlackBerry, BlackBerry 10, BlackBerry Limited, Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy, Bootstrapping, CIPURSE, Coding theory, Communication protocol, Contactless payment, Credit card, Crete, Cryptographic protocol, Data retention, Data transmission, Data-rate units, Debit card, Device-to-device, Dolby Laboratories, Eat (restaurant), Ecma International, Electromagnetic induction, Electronic ticket, EMV, ETSI, European Commission, EZ-Link, FeliCa, Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, Free and open-source software, GlobalPlatform, GNU Lesser General Public License, Google, Google Pay, Google Pay Send, Greece, GSM, GSMA, ..., Hasbro, Heraklion, Hertz, Host card emulation, IBM, Identity document, Infrared, Intellectual property, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, Internet, IP address, IPhone 4, IPhone 5, IPhone 6, ISM band, ISO/IEC 14443, ISO/IEC 18000, ISO/IEC 18000-3, Joint venture, Keycard lock, Keychain, Loop antenna, Loyalty program, MAC address, Main lobe, Man-in-the-middle attack, Manchester code, Mastercard, Microsoft, MIME, Mobile game, Mobile operating system, Mobile payment, Mobile phone, Mobile phone accessories, Modified Frequency Modulation, Modulation, Multi-factor authentication, Near and far field, Near-field communication, New Nintendo 3DS, Nexus S, Nice, Nintendo 3DS, Nokia, NTAG, NXP Semiconductors, Oberthur Technologies, Object hyperlinking, Orange S.A., Personal area network, Personal identification number, Point of sale, Poken, Popular Science, Proximity card, Radio frequency, Radio-frequency identification, Relay attack, Rogers Communications, RuBee, Samsung, Samsung Galaxy, Signature Record Type Definition, Single Wire Protocol, Skylanders: Spyro's Adventure, Smartphone, Social networking service, Softcard, Sony, Sony Xperia P, Spectral mask, Sri Lanka, Star Wars, Swatch, Sydney, Symbian, T-Mobile, Technical standard, TecTile, Tim Hortons, TransferJet, Transformer, Transponder, Transport layer, Transport Layer Security, UICC configuration, Ultra high frequency, UnionPay, URL, Verizon Communications, Video game, Vilnius, Visa Inc., Vodafone, White paper, Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct, Wii U, Wii U GamePad, Windows 8, Windows Phone 8. Expand index (103 more) »

Airtel Africa

Bharti Airtel International (Netherlands) B.V., doing business as Airtel Africa, is a holding company and a subsidiary of Indian telecommunications company Bharti Airtel.

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is Nintendo's wireless communications and storage protocol, for use between compatible toys-to-life figurines, and the Nintendo 3DS, Wii U, and Nintendo Switch gaming platforms.

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Amplitude-shift keying

Amplitude-shift keying (ASK) is a form of amplitude modulation that represents digital data as variations in the amplitude of a carrier wave.

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Android (operating system)

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

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Android Beam

Android Beam is a feature of the Android mobile operating system that allows data to be transferred via near field communication (NFC).

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Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

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Apple Pay

Apple Pay is a mobile payment and digital wallet service by Apple Inc. that allows users to make payments in person, in iOS apps, and on the web.

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Apple Watch

Apple Watch is a line of smartwatches designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It incorporates fitness tracking and health-oriented capabilities with integration with iOS and other Apple products and services.

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Application software

An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.

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AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.

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A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.

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BebaPay was a form of electronic ticketing platform in Nairobi, Kenya that was developed by Google in partnership with Equity Bank.

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BlackBerry is a line of smartphones, tablets, and services originally designed and marketed by Canadian company BlackBerry Limited (formerly known as Research In Motion, or RIM).

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BlackBerry 10

BlackBerry 10 is a proprietary mobile operating system for the BlackBerry line of smartphones, both developed by BlackBerry Limited (formerly Research In Motion).

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BlackBerry Limited

BlackBerry Limited is a Canadian multinational company specializing in enterprise software and the Internet of things.

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Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).

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Bluetooth Low Energy

Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.

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In general, bootstrapping usually refers to a self-starting process that is supposed to proceed without external input.

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CIPURSE is an open security standard for transit fare collection systems.

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Coding theory

Coding theory is the study of the properties of codes and their respective fitness for specific applications.

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Communication protocol

In telecommunication, a communication protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more entities of a communications system to transmit information via any kind of variation of a physical quantity.

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Contactless payment

Contactless payment systems are credit cards and debit cards, key fobs, smart cards, or other devices, including smartphones and other mobile devices, that use radio-frequency identification (RFID) or near field communication (NFC, e.g. Samsung Pay, Apple Pay, Google Pay, Fitbit Pay, or any bank mobile application that support Contactless) for making secure payments.

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Credit card

A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.

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Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.

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Cryptographic protocol

A security protocol (cryptographic protocol or encryption protocol) is an abstract or concrete protocol that performs a security-related function and applies cryptographic methods, often as sequences of cryptographic primitives.

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Data retention

Data retention defines the policies of persistent data and records management for meeting legal and business data archival requirements; although sometimes interchangeable, not to be confused with the Data Protection Act 1998.

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Data transmission

Data transmission (also data communication or digital communications) is the transfer of data (a digital bitstream or a digitized analog signal) over a point-to-point or point-to-multipoint communication channel.

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Data-rate units

In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.

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Debit card

A debit card (also known as a bank card, plastic card or check card) is a plastic payment card that can be used instead of cash when making purchases.

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Device-to-Device (D2D) communication in cellular networks is defined as direct communication between two mobile users without traversing the Base Station (BS) or core network.

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Dolby Laboratories

Dolby Laboratories, Inc. (often shortened to Dolby Labs) is a British-American company specializing in audio noise reduction and audio encoding/compression.

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Eat (restaurant)

Eat (styled as EAT.) is a chain of sandwich shops with over 110 branches in the UK, the majority in London.

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Ecma International

Ecma is a standards organization for information and communication systems.

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Electromagnetic induction

Electromagnetic or magnetic induction is the production of an electromotive force (i.e., voltage) across an electrical conductor in a changing magnetic field.

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Electronic ticket

An electronic ticket (commonly abbreviated as e-ticket) is the digital ticket equivalent of a paper ticket.

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EMV is a payment method based upon a technical standard for smart payment cards and for payment terminals and automated teller machines that can accept them.

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The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe, headquartered in Sophia-Antipolis, France, with worldwide projection.

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European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.

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The EZ-Link card is a contactless smart card based on the Sony FeliCa smart card technology and used for the payment of public transportation fares in Singapore, with limited use in the small payments retail sector.

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FeliCa is a contactless RFID smart card system from Sony in Japan, primarily used in electronic money cards.

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Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development

The Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, also called Framework Programmes or abbreviated FP1 to FP7 with "FP8" being named "Horizon 2020", are funding programmes created by the European Union/European Commission to support and foster research in the European Research Area (ERA).

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Free and open-source software

Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.

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GlobalPlatform is a nonprofit organization that creates and publishes specifications for secure chip technology.

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GNU Lesser General Public License

The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).

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Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

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Google Pay

Google Pay (formerly Pay with Google and Android Pay) is a digital wallet platform and online payment system developed by Google to power in-app and tap-to-pay purchases on mobile devices, enabling users to make payments with Android phones, tablets or watches.

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Google Pay Send

Google Pay Send (formerly Google Wallet) is a peer-to-peer payments service developed by Google that allows people to send and receive money from a mobile device or desktop computer at no cost to either sender or receiver.

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No description.

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GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.

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The GSM Association (commonly referred to as 'the GSMA' or Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile) is an originally-European trade body that represents the interests of mobile network operators worldwide.

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Hasbro, Inc. (an abbreviation of its original name, Hassenfeld Brothers) is an American multinational toy and board game company, It is the largest toy maker in the world in terms of stock market value, and third largest with revenues of approximately $5.12 billion.

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Heraklion (Ηράκλειο, Irákleio) is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete.

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The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.

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Host card emulation

Host card emulation (HCE) is the software architecture that provides exact virtual representation of various electronic identity (access, transit and banking) cards using only software.

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The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

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Identity document

An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as papers) is any document which may be used to prove a person's identity.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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Intellectual property

Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.

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International Electrotechnical Commission

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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IP address

An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.

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IPhone 4

The iPhone 4 is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. Following a number of notable leaks, the iPhone 4 was first unveiled on June 7, 2010, at Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference in San Francisco, and was released on June 24, 2010, in the United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany and Japan.

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IPhone 5

The iPhone 5 is a smartphone designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the sixth generation of the iPhone, succeeding the iPhone 4S and preceding the iPhone 5S and iPhone 5C.

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IPhone 6

No description.

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ISM band

The industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio bands are radio bands (portions of the radio spectrum) reserved internationally for the use of radio frequency (RF) energy for industrial, scientific and medical purposes other than telecommunications.

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ISO/IEC 14443

ISO/IEC 14443 Identification cards -- Contactless integrated circuit cards -- Proximity cards is an international standard that defines proximity cards used for identification, and the transmission protocols for communicating with it.

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ISO/IEC 18000

ISO/IEC 18000 is an international standard that describes a series of diverse RFID technologies, each using a unique frequency range.

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ISO/IEC 18000-3

ISO/IEC 18000-3 is an international standard for passive RFID item level identification and describes the parameters for air interface communications at 13.56 MHz.

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Joint venture

A joint venture (JV) is a business entity created by two or more parties, generally characterized by shared ownership, shared returns and risks, and shared governance.

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Keycard lock

A keycard lock is a lock operated by a keycard, a flat, rectangular plastic card with identical dimensions to that of a credit card or American and EU driver's license.

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A keychain, or keyring, is a small chain, usually made from metal or plastic, that connects a small item to a keyring.

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Loop antenna

A loop antenna is a radio antenna consisting of a loop or coil of wire, tubing, or other electrical conductor usually fed by a balanced source or feeding a balanced load.

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Loyalty program

Loyalty programs are structured marketing strategies designed by merchants to encourage customers to continue to shop at or use the services of businesses associated with each program.

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MAC address

A media access control address (MAC address) of a device is a unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller (NIC) for communications at the data link layer of a network segment.

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Main lobe

In a radio antenna's radiation pattern, the main lobe, or main beam, is the lobe containing the higher power.

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Man-in-the-middle attack

In cryptography and computer security, a man-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is an attack where the attacker secretly relays and possibly alters the communication between two parties who believe they are directly communicating with each other.

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Manchester code

In telecommunication and data storage, Manchester code (also known as phase encoding, or PE) is a line code in which the encoding of each data bit is either low then high, or high then low, for equal time.

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Mastercard Incorporated (stylized as MasterCard from 1979 to 2016 and mastercard since 2016) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in the Mastercard International Global Headquarters in Purchase, New York, United States.

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Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.

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Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support.

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Mobile game

A mobile game is a video game played on a feature phone, smartphone/tablet, smartwatch, PDA, portable media player or graphing calculator.

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Mobile operating system

No description.

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Mobile payment

Mobile payment (also referred to as mobile money, mobile money transfer, and mobile wallet) generally refer to payment services operated under financial regulation and performed from or via a mobile device.

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Mobile phone

A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.

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Mobile phone accessories

Mobile phone accessories include any hardware that is not integral to the operation of a mobile smartphone as designed by the manufacturer.

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Modified Frequency Modulation

Modified Frequency Modulation, commonly MFM, is a run-length limited (RLL) coding scheme used to encode the actual data-bits on most floppy disks.

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In electronics and telecommunications, modulation is the process of varying one or more properties of a periodic waveform, called the carrier signal, with a modulating signal that typically contains information to be transmitted.

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Multi-factor authentication

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is a method of confirming a user's claimed identity in which a user is granted access only after successfully presenting 2 or more pieces of evidence (or factors) to an authentication mechanism: knowledge (something they and only they know), possession (something they and only they have), and inherence (something they and only they are).

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Near and far field

The near field and far field are regions of the electromagnetic field (EM) around an object, such as a transmitting antenna, or the result of radiation scattering off an object.

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Near-field communication

Near-field communication (NFC) is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices, one of which is usually a portable device such as a smartphone, to establish communication by bringing them within 4 cm (1.6 in) of each other.

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New Nintendo 3DS

The New Nintendo 3DS is a handheld game console developed by Nintendo.

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Nexus S

The Nexus S is a smartphone co-developed by Google and Samsung and manufactured by Samsung Electronics for release in 2010.

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Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.

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Nintendo 3DS

The Nintendo 3DS is a handheld game console produced by Nintendo.

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Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.

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NTAG® is a family of near-field communication wireless tag integrated circuit products produced by NXP Semiconductors adhering to standards published by the NFC Forum.

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NXP Semiconductors

NXP Semiconductors N.V. is a Dutch global semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Eindhoven, Netherlands.

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Oberthur Technologies

Oberthur Technologies is a French digital security company, providing secure technology solutions for Smart Transactions, Mobile Financial Services, Machine-to-Machine, Digital Identity and Transport & Access Control.

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Object hyperlinking

Object hyperlinking, or simply 'phylinking', is a neologism that usually refers to extending the Internet to objects and locations in the real world.

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Orange S.A.

Orange S.A., formerly France Télécom S.A., is a French multinational telecommunications corporation.

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Personal area network

A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network for interconnecting devices centered on an individual person's workspace.

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Personal identification number

A personal identification number (PIN, pronounced "pin"; is often spoken out loud "PIN number" by mistake) is a numeric or alpha-numeric password or code used in the process of authenticating or identifying a user to a system and system to a user.

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Point of sale

The point of sale (POS) or point of purchase (POP) is the time and place where a retail transaction is completed.

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Poken is a cloud-based event management platform, utilized by trade shows and exhibitions, corporate and association events, as well as sports and youth events.

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Popular Science

Popular Science (also known as PopSci) is an American quarterly magazine carrying popular science content, which refers to articles for the general reader on science and technology subjects.

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Proximity card

A proximity card or prox card is a "contactless" smart card which can be read without inserting it into a reader device, as required by earlier magnetic stripe cards such as credit cards and "contact" type smart cards.

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Radio frequency

Radio frequency (RF) refers to oscillatory change in voltage or current in a circuit, waveguide or transmission line in the range extending from around twenty thousand times per second to around three hundred billion times per second, roughly between the upper limit of audio and the lower limit of infrared.

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Radio-frequency identification

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects.

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Relay attack

A relay attack in computer security is a type of hacking technique related to man-in-the-middle and replay attacks.

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Rogers Communications

Rogers Communications Inc. is a Canadian communications and media company.

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RuBee (IEEE standard 1902.1) is a two way, active wireless protocol designed for harsh environment, high security asset visibility applications.

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Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.

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Samsung Galaxy

Samsung Galaxy (stylized as SAMSUNG Galaxy, previously Samsung GALAXY) is a series of mobile computing devices designed, manufactured and marketed by Samsung Electronics.

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Signature Record Type Definition

In near field communications the NFC Forum Signature Record Type Definition (RTD) is a security protocol used to protect the integrity and authenticity of NDEF (NFC Data Exchange Format) Messages.

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Single Wire Protocol

The Single Wire Protocol (SWP) is a specification for a single-wire connection between the SIM card and a near field communication (NFC) chip in a cell phone.

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Skylanders: Spyro's Adventure

Skylanders: Spyro's Adventure is the first video game in the Skylanders series, developed by Toys for Bob and published by Activision.

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A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.

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Social networking service

A social networking service (also social networking site, SNS or social media) is a web application that people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections.

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JVL Ventures, LLC d/b/a Softcard formerly Isis Mobile Wallet, was a joint venture between AT&T, T-Mobile and Verizon which produced a mobile payments platform known as Softcard, which used near-field communication (NFC) technology to allow users to pay for items at stores and restaurants with credit and debit card credentials stored on their smartphones.

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is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.

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Sony Xperia P

The Sony Xperia P is a smartphone that sits above the Xperia U and below the Xperia S. It was announced at Mobile World Congress 2012 alongside the Xperia U and Xperia S. It features a 4 inch qHD touch screen with Sony's White Magic technology which delivers a higher brightness to that of other smartphones.

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Spectral mask

In telecommunications, a spectral mask, also known as a channel mask or transmission mask, is a mathematically-defined set of lines applied to the levels of radio (or optical) transmissions.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.

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Star Wars

Star Wars is an American epic space opera media franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas.

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Swatch (stylized as swatch) is a Swiss watchmaker founded in 1983 by Nicolas Hayek and a subsidiary of The Swatch Group.

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Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones.

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T-Mobile is the brand name used by the mobile communications subsidiaries of the German telecommunications company Deutsche Telekom AG.

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Technical standard

A technical standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems.

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TecTiles are a near field communication (NFC) application, developed by Samsung, for use with mobile smartphone devices.

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Tim Hortons

Tim Hortons Inc. (known internationally as Tim Hortons Cafe and Bake Shop, colloquially and corporately known as Timmys, Timmies, Timmy, or Tims) is a Canadian-based multinational fast food restaurant known for its coffee and donuts.

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TransferJet is a close proximity wireless transfer technology initially proposed by Sony and demonstrated publicly in early 2008.

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A transformer is a static electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction.

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In telecommunication, a transponder can be one of two types of devices.

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Transport layer

In computer networking, the transport layer is a conceptual division of methods in the layered architecture of protocols in the network stack in the Internet Protocol Suite and the OSI model.

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Transport Layer Security

Transport Layer Security (TLS) – and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), which is now deprecated by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – are cryptographic protocols that provide communications security over a computer network.

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UICC configuration

The GlobalPlatform UICC configuration is a configuration of the GlobalPlatform Card specification v2.2 aiming at standardizing a minimum interoperability for SIM/USIM products for supporting remote application management via OTA.

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Ultra high frequency

Ultra high frequency (UHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one decimeter.

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UnionPay, also known as China UnionPay or by its abbreviation, CUP, is a Chinese financial services corporation headquartered in Shanghai, China.

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A Uniform Resource Locator (URL), colloquially termed a web address, is a reference to a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it.

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Verizon Communications

Verizon Communications Inc., or simply Verizon, is an American multinational telecommunications conglomerate and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

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Video game

A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.

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Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.

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Visa Inc.

Visa Inc. (also known as Visa, stylized as VISA) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Foster City, California, United States.

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Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications conglomerate, with headquarters in London.

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White paper

A white paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter.

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Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.

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Wi-Fi Direct

Wi-Fi Direct, initially called Wi-Fi P2P, is a Wi-Fi standard enabling devices to easily connect with each other without requiring a wireless access point.

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Wii U

The Wii U is a home video game console developed by Nintendo, and the successor to the Wii.

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Wii U GamePad

The Wii U GamePad is the standard controller for Nintendo's Wii U video game console.

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Windows 8

Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.

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Windows Phone 8

Windows Phone 8 is the second generation of the Windows Phone mobile operating system from Microsoft.

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Redirects here:

ISO 18092, ISO/IEC 18092, ISO/IEC 21481, NFC Forum, NFC keychain, NFC tag, NFC tags, Near Field Communication, Near field communication, Near field communications, Near-Field Communication, Near-field communications, Nfc forum, Secure element.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near-field_communication

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