113 relations: Albumin, Amorphous solid, Amputation, Ancient Greek, Anti-inflammatory, Antibiotic, Antibody, Antigen, Antioxidant, Antivenom, Apoptosis, Artery, Asian giant hornet, Autolysis (biology), Avascular necrosis, Bleb (cell biology), Brown recluse spider, Caseous necrosis, Caspase, Cell (biology), Cell biology, Cell damage, Cell membrane, Cheiracanthium, Chemical burn, Chilean recluse spider, Chromatin, Coagulative necrosis, Collagenase, Common green bottle fly, Complement system, Cytokine, Death, Debridement, Decomposition, Denaturation (biochemistry), Digestive enzyme, Electron microscope, Embryogenesis, Extracellular, Fat necrosis, Fatty acid, Fibrin, Fibrinoid necrosis, Fibrinolysis, Friability, Frostbite, Gangrene, Gastrointestinal tract, Gene, ..., Glucose, Granuloma, Gumma (pathology), Hobo spider, Hypoxia (medical), Immunosuppression, Infarction, Inflammation, Injury, Interferon type I, Ischemia, Ischemic cell death, Karyolysis, Karyorrhexis, Lipase, Liquefactive necrosis, Macrophage, Maggot therapy, Medical procedure, Microbial toxin, Microvillus, Mycobacterium, Myocardial infarction, Natural killer cell, Necrotizing fasciitis, Nitric oxide, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Organelle, Osteonecrosis of the jaw, Oxygen, P53, Pancreas, Pancreatitis, Pathogen, Pathology, Pectin, Peritoneum, Phagocyte, Phagocytosis, Physiology, Proteolysis, Pus, Pyknosis, Reactive oxygen species, Recluse spider, Saponification, Science News, Snake venom, Snakebite, Society for Science & the Public, Spalacidae, Spalax, Spider bite, Spirochaete, Surgery, T cell, Tissue (biology), Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Triglyceride, Tuberculosis, Tumor suppressor, Venom, White blood cell. Expand index (63 more) » « Shrink index
The albumins (formed from Latin: albumen "(egg) white; dried egg white") are a family of globular proteins, the most common of which are the serum albumins.
In condensed matter physics and materials science, an amorphous (from the Greek a, without, morphé, shape, form) or non-crystalline solid is a solid that lacks the long-range order that is characteristic of a crystal.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Anti-inflammatory, or antiinflammatory, refers to the property of a substance or treatment that reduces inflammation or swelling.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
In immunology, an antigen is a molecule capable of inducing an immune response (to produce an antibody) in the host organism.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
Antivenom, also known as antivenin, venom antiserum and antivenom immunoglobulin, is a medication made from antibodies which is used to treat certain venomous bites and stings.
Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.
An artery (plural arteries) is a blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to all parts of the body (tissues, lungs, etc).
The Asian giant hornet (Vespa mandarinia), including the subspecies Japanese giant hornet (V. m. japonica), colloquially known as the yak-killer hornet, is the world's largest hornet, native to temperate and tropical Eastern Asia.
In biology, autolysis, more commonly known as self-digestion, refers to the destruction of a cell through the action of its own enzymes.
Avascular necrosis (AVN), also called osteonecrosis or bone infarction, is death of bone tissue due to interruption of the blood supply.
In cell biology, a bleb is a bulge or protrusion of the plasma membrane of a cell, human bioparticulate or abscess with an internal environment similar to that of a simple cell, characterized by a spherical, bulky morphology.
The brown recluse, Loxosceles reclusa, Sicariidae (formerly placed in a family "Loxoscelidae") is a recluse spider with a necrotic venom.
Caseous necrosis is a form of cell death in which the tissue maintains a cheese-like appearance.
Caspases (cysteine-aspartic proteases, cysteine aspartases or cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed proteases) are a family of protease enzymes playing essential roles in programmed cell death (including apoptosis, pyroptosis and necroptosis) and inflammation.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
Cell biology (also called cytology, from the Greek κυτος, kytos, "vessel") is a branch of biology that studies the structure and function of the cell, the basic unit of life.
Cell injury is a variety or changes of stress that a cell suffers due to external as well internal environmental changes, is also known as Cell Injury.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
Cheiracanthium is a genus of spiders in the Eutichuridae family.
A chemical burn occurs when living tissue is exposed to a corrosive substance such as a strong acid or base.
The Chilean recluse spider is a venomous spider, Loxosceles laeta, of the family Sicariidae (formerly of the family Loxoscelidae).
Chromatin is a complex of macromolecules found in cells, consisting of DNA, protein, and RNA.
Coagulative necrosis is a type of accidental cell death typically caused by ischemia or infarction.
Collagenases are enzymes that break the peptide bonds in collagen.
The common green bottle fly (Lucilia sericata) is a blow fly found in most areas of the world, and the most well-known of the numerous green bottle fly species.
The complement system is a part of the immune system that enhances (complements) the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear microbes and damaged cells from an organism, promotes inflammation, and attacks the pathogen's cell membrane.
Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
Debridement is the medical removal of dead, damaged, or infected tissue to improve the healing potential of the remaining healthy tissue.
Decomposition is the process by which organic substances are broken down into simpler organic matter.
Denaturation is a process in which proteins or nucleic acids lose the quaternary structure, tertiary structure, and secondary structure which is present in their native state, by application of some external stress or compound such as a strong acid or base, a concentrated inorganic salt, an organic solvent (e.g., alcohol or chloroform), radiation or heat.
Digestive enzymes are a group of enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body.
An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination.
Embryogenesis is the process by which the embryo forms and develops.
In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word extracellular (or sometimes extracellular space) means "outside the cell".
Fat necrosis is a form of necrosis characterized by the action upon fat by digestive enzymes.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Fibrin (also called Factor Ia) is a fibrous, non-globular protein involved in the clotting of blood.
Fibrinoid necrosis is a form of necrosis, or tissue death, in which there is accumulation of amorphous, basic, proteinaceous material in the tissue matrix with a staining pattern reminiscent of fibrin.
Fibrinolysis is a process that prevents blood clots from growing and becoming problematic.
Friability, the condition of being friable, describes the tendency of a solid substance to break into smaller pieces under duress or contact, especially by rubbing.
Frostbite occurs when exposure to low temperatures causes freezing of the skin or other tissues.
Gangrene is a type of tissue death caused by a lack of blood supply.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Granuloma is an inflammation found in many diseases.
A gumma is a soft, non-cancerous growth resulting from the tertiary stage of syphilis.
The hobo spider (Eratigena agrestis, formerly Tegenaria agrestis) is a member of the genus of spiders known colloquially as funnel web spiders, but not to be confused with the Australian funnel-web spider.
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
Immunosuppression is a reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system.
Infarction is tissue death (necrosis) due to inadequate blood supply to the affected area.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Human type I interferons (IFNs) are a large subgroup of interferon proteins that help regulate the activity of the immune system.
Ischemia or ischaemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).
"Ischemic cell death", or "Oncosis", is a form of accidental cell death.
Karyolysis (from Greek κάρυον karyon, "kernel, seed or nucleus", and λύσις lysis from λύειν lyein, "to separate") is the complete dissolution of the chromatin of a dying cell due to the enzymatic degradation by endonucleases.
Karyorrhexis (from Greek κάρυον karyon, "kernel, seed or nucleus", and ῥῆξις rhexis, "bursting") is the destructive fragmentation of the nucleus of a dying cell whereby its chromatin is distributed irregularly throughout the cytoplasm.
A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (lipids).
Liquefactive necrosis (or colliquative necrosis) is a type of necrosis which results in a transformation of the tissue into a liquid viscous mass.
Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).
Maggot therapy is a type of biotherapy involving the introduction of live, disinfected maggots (fly larvae) into the non-healing skin and soft tissue wound(s) of a human or animal for the purpose of cleaning out the necrotic (dead) tissue within a wound (debridement) and disinfection.
A medical procedure is a course of action intended to achieve a result in the delivery of healthcare.
Microbial toxins are toxins produced by micro-organisms, including bacteria and fungi.
Microvilli (singular: microvillus) are microscopic cellular membrane protrusions that increase the surface area for diffusion and minimize any increase in volume, and are involved in a wide variety of functions, including absorption, secretion, cellular adhesion, and mechanotransduction.
Mycobacterium is a genus of Actinobacteria, given its own family, the Mycobacteriaceae.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Natural killer cells or NK cells are a type of cytotoxic lymphocyte critical to the innate immune system.
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), commonly known as flesh-eating disease, is an infection that results in the death of the body's soft tissue.
Nitric oxide (nitrogen oxide or nitrogen monoxide) is a colorless gas with the formula NO.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.
In cell biology, an organelle is a specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, in which their function is vital for the cell to live.
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a severe bone disease (osteonecrosis) that affects the jaws (the maxilla and the mandible).
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Tumor protein p53, also known as p53, cellular tumor antigen p53 (UniProt name), phosphoprotein p53, tumor suppressor p53, antigen NY-CO-13, or transformation-related protein 53 (TRP53), is any isoform of a protein encoded by homologous genes in various organisms, such as TP53 (humans) and Trp53 (mice).
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.
Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Pectin (from πηκτικός, "congealed, curdled") is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants.
The peritoneum is the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids.
Phagocytes are cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells.
In cell biology, phagocytosis is the process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulfs a solid particle to form an internal compartment known as a phagosome.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Proteolysis is the breakdown of proteins into smaller polypeptides or amino acids.
Pus is an exudate, typically white-yellow, yellow, or yellow-brown, formed at the site of inflammation during bacterial or fungal infection.
Pyknosis, or karyopyknosis, is the irreversible condensation of chromatin in the nucleus of a cell undergoing necrosis or apoptosis.
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen.
The recluse spiders or brown spiders, genus Loxosceles, also known as fiddle-backs, violin spiders, or reapers, are a genus of venomous spiders known for their bite, which sometimes produces a characteristic set of symptoms known as loxoscelism.
Saponification is a process that produces soap.
Science News is an American bi-weekly magazine devoted to short articles about new scientific and technical developments, typically gleaned from recent scientific and technical journals.
Snake venom is highly modified saliva containing zootoxins which facilitates the immobilization and digestion of prey, and defense against threats.
A snakebite is an injury caused by the bite of a snake, especially a venomous snake.
Society for Science & the Public (SSP), formerly known as Science Service, is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion of science, through its science education programs and publications, including the bi-weekly Science News magazine and the free-accessible online.
The Spalacidae, or spalacids, are a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea.
The genus Spalax contains the blind, fossorial, or subterranean mole rats, which are one of several types of rodents that are called "mole rats".
A spider bite, also known as arachnidism, is an injury resulting from the bite of a spider.
A spirochaete or spirochete is a member of the phylum Spirochaetes, which contains distinctive diderm (double-membrane) bacteria, most of which have long, helically coiled (corkscrew-shaped or spiraled, hence the name) cells.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
A T cell, or T lymphocyte, is a type of lymphocyte (a subtype of white blood cell) that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a type of severe skin reaction.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
A tumor suppressor gene, or antioncogene, is a gene that protects a cell from one step on the path to cancer.
Venomous Animals Venom is a form of toxin secreted by an animal for the purpose of causing harm to another.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
Creeping necrosis, Dead tissue, Frank necrosis, Necrose, Necrosed, Necrotic, Necrotic tissue, Necrotising angiitis, Necrotization, Necrotize, Necrotizing, Necrotoxin, Tissue breakdown, Tissue death, Tissue necrosis.