50 relations: Abraham Maslow, Amartya Sen, Ágnes Heller, Biology, Capability approach, Clayton Alderfer, Consumer behaviour, David Wiggins, Demand, Economics, Education, Fundamental human needs, György Márkus, Hilary Putnam, Information needs, Intellectual need, Karl Marx, Len Doyal, Life, Marketing, Marshall Rosenberg, Martha Nussbaum, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Medical ethics, Metonymy, Murray's system of needs, Need theory, Needs assessment, Nonviolent Communication, Objectivity (philosophy), Philosophy, Physical property, Political economy, Politics, Positive liberty, Preference, Psychology, Purchasing power, Reification (fallacy), Respect, Richard Sennett, Ross Fitzgerald, Self-determination theory, Self-esteem, Simple living, Social science, Social work, Subjectivity, Want, Welfare state.
Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization.
Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in India, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Ágnes Heller (born 12 May 1929) is a Hungarian philosopher.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
The capability approach (also referred to as the capabilities approach) is an economic theory conceived in the 1980s as an alternative approach to welfare economics.
Clayton Paul Alderfer (September 1, 1940 - October 30, 2015) was an American psychologist, and consultant, known for further developing Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
Consumer behaviour is the study of individuals, groups, or organizations and all the activities associated with the purchase, use and disposal of goods and services, including the consumer's emotional, mental and behavioural responses that precede or follow these activities.
David Wiggins FBA (born 8 March 1933) is a British moral philosopher, metaphysician, and philosophical logician working especially on identity and issues in meta-ethics.
In economics, demand is the quantities of a commodity or a service that people are willing and able to buy at various prices, over a given period of time.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Fundamental human needs and human-scale development, developed by Manfred Max-Neef and others (Antonio Elizalde and Martin Hopenhayn), are seen as ontological (stemming from the condition of being human), are few, finite and classifiable (as distinct from the conventional notion of conventional economic "wants" that are infinite and insatiable).
György Márkus (13 April 1934 – 5 October 2016) was a Hungarian philosopher, belonging to the small circle of critical theorists closely associated with György Lukács, usually referred to as the "Budapest School".
Hilary Whitehall Putnam (July 31, 1926 – March 13, 2016) was an American philosopher, mathematician, and computer scientist, and a major figure in analytic philosophy in the second half of the 20th century.
The term information need is often understood as an individual or group's desire to locate and obtain information to satisfy a conscious or unconscious need.
Intellectual need is a specific form of intrinsic motivation; it is a desire to learn something.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Len Doyal FRSA FRSocMed is emeritus professor of medical ethics at Queen Mary, University of London and a medical ethicist.
Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that do have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate.
Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.
Marshall Rosenberg (October 6, 1934 – February 7, 2015) was an American psychologist, mediator, author and teacher.
Martha Craven Nussbaum (born May 6, 1947) is an American philosopher and the current Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago, where she is jointly appointed in the Law School and the Philosophy department.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in Psychological Review.
Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values to the practice of clinical medicine and in scientific research.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
In 1938, Henry Murray developed a system of needs as part of his theory of personality, which he called 'personology.' He argued that everyone had a set of universal basic needs, with individual differences on these needs leading to the uniqueness of personality through varying dispositional tendencies for each need; in other words, specific needs are more important to some than to others.
Need theory, also known as Three Needs Theory,.
A needs assessment is a systematic process for determining and addressing needs, or "gaps" between current conditions and desired conditions or "wants".
Nonviolent Communication (abbreviated NVC, also called Compassionate Communication or Collaborative Communication) is an approach to nonviolent living developed by Marshall Rosenberg beginning in the 1960s.
Objectivity is a central philosophical concept, objective means being independent of the perceptions thus objectivity means the property of being independent from the perceptions, which has been variously defined by sources.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Positive liberty is the possession of the capacity to act upon one's free will, as opposed to negative liberty, which is freedom from external restraint on one's actions.
A preference is a technical term in psychology, economics and philosophy usually used in relation to choosing between alternatives; someone has a preference for A over B if they would choose A rather than B.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Purchasing power (sometimes retroactively called adjusted for inflation) is the number and quality or value of goods and services that can be purchased with a unit of currency.
Reification (also known as concretism, hypostatization, or the fallacy of misplaced concreteness) is a fallacy of ambiguity, when an abstraction (abstract belief or hypothetical construct) is treated as if it were a concrete real event or physical entity.
Respect is a positive feeling or action shown towards someone or something considered important, or held in high esteem or regard; it conveys a sense of admiration for good or valuable qualities; and it is also the process of honoring someone by exhibiting care, concern, or consideration for their needs or feelings.
Richard Sennett OBE (born 1 January 1943) is the Centennial Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics and former University Professor of the Humanities at New York University.
Ross Andrew Fitzgerald (born in 1944) is an Australian academic, historian, novelist, secularist, and political commentator.
Self-determination theory (SDT) is a macro theory of human motivation and personality that concerns people's inherent growth tendencies and innate psychological needs.
Self-esteem reflects an individual's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.
Simple living encompasses a number of different voluntary practices to simplify one's lifestyle.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being.
Subjectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to consciousness, agency, personhood, reality, and truth, which has been variously defined by sources.
The idea of want can be examined from many perspectives.
The welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the social and economic well-being of its citizens.