62 relations: All England Law Reports, Australian Law Reports, Benjamin N. Cardozo, Bolton v Stone, Calculus of negligence, California, Caparo Industries plc v Dickman, Carelessness, Commonwealth Law Reports, Commonwealth of Nations, Conductor (rail), Constantine v Imperial Hotels Ltd, Contract, Criminal negligence, Culpability, Damages, Defamation, Defendant, Demurrer, Dillon v. Legg, Donoghue v Stevenson, Dorset Yacht Co Ltd v Home Office, Element (criminal law), Fault (legal), Gare Montparnasse, Grant v Australian Knitting Mills, Gross negligence, Ice cream float, Insurance, Intentionality, James Atkin, Baron Atkin, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Judicial functions of the House of Lords, Kaiser Foundation, Latin, Law Reports, Legal liability, List of Law Reports in Australia, Malpractice, Medical malpractice, Mens rea, Neglect, Negligent infliction of emotional distress, Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd v The Miller Steamship Co, Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co., Plaintiff, Privity, Proximate cause, Punitive damages, Pure economic loss, ..., Rail transport, Reasonable person, Restitutio ad integrum, Roe v Minister of Health, Standard of review, Summary judgment, Sydney, Tort, Train, Trier of fact, United States, United States v. Carroll Towing Co.. Expand index (12 more) » « Shrink index
The All England Law Reports (abbreviated in citations to All ER) are a long-running series of law reports covering cases from the court system in England and Wales.
The Australian Law Reports are an unauthorised series of law reports which report cases from the High Court of Australia, Federal Court of Australia and the Supreme Courts of the states and territories exercising federal jurisdiction.
Benjamin Nathan Cardozo (May 24, 1870 – July 9, 1938) was an American lawyer and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Bolton v. Stone, 1 All ER 1078 is a leading House of Lords case in the tort of negligence, establishing that a defendant is not negligent if the damage to the plaintiff was not a reasonably foreseeable consequence of his conduct.
In the United States, the calculus of negligence, also known as the Hand rule, Hand formula, or BPL formula, is a term coined by Judge Learned Hand and describes a process for determining whether a legal duty of care has been breached (see negligence).
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
is a leading English tort law case on the test for a duty of care.
Carelessness refers to the lack of awareness during a behaviour that can result in unintentional consequences.
The Commonwealth Law Reports (CLR) are the authorised reports of decisions of the High Court of Australia.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
A conductor (American and Canadian English) or guard (Commonwealth English) is a train crew member responsible for operational and safety duties that do not involve actual operation of the train.
Constantine v Imperial Hotels Ltd KB 693 is an English tort law and contract case, concerning the implied duty of an innkeeper to offer accommodation to a guest unless for just cause.
A contract is a promise or set of promises that are legally enforceable and, if violated, allow the injured party access to legal remedies.
In criminal law, criminal negligence is a surrogate mens rea (Latin for "guilty mind") required to constitute a conventional as opposed to strict liability offense.
Culpability, or being culpable, is a measure of the degree to which an agent, such as a person, can be held morally or legally responsible for action and inaction.
In law, damages are an award, typically of money, to be paid to a person as compensation for loss or injury.
Defamation, calumny, vilification, or traducement is the communication of a false statement that, depending on the law of the country, harms the reputation of an individual, business, product, group, government, religion, or nation.
A defendant is a person accused of committing a crime in criminal prosecution or a person against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.
A demurrer is a pleading in a lawsuit that objects to or challenges a pleading filed by an opposing party.
Dillon v. Legg, 68 Cal. 2d 728 (1968), was a case decided by the Supreme Court of California that established the tort of negligent infliction of emotional distress.
was a landmark court decision in Scots delict law and English tort law by the House of Lords.
is a leading case in English tort law.
Under United States law, an element of a crime (or element of an offense) is one of a set of facts that must all be proven to convict a defendant of a crime.
Fault, as a legal term, refers to legal blameworthiness and responsibility in each area of law.
The Gare Montparnasse (Montparnasse Station), officially Paris-Montparnasse, is one of the six large Paris railway termini, in the 14th and 15th arrondissements of Paris.
Grant v Australian Knitting Mills,;.
Gross negligence is the "lack of slight diligence or care" or "a conscious, voluntary act or omission in reckless disregard of a legal duty and of the consequences to another party." In some jurisdictions a person injured as a result of gross negligence may be able to recover punitive damages from the person who caused the injury or loss.
An ice cream float or ice cream soda (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa and East Asia), coke float (United Kingdom and Southeast Asia), or spider (Australia and New Zealand), is a chilled beverage that consists of ice cream in either a soft drink or in a mixture of flavored syrup and carbonated water.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
Intentionality is a philosophical concept and is defined by the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy as "the power of minds to be about, to represent, or to stand for, things, properties and states of affairs".
James Richard Atkin, Baron Atkin, PC, FBA (28 November 1867 – 25 June 1944), known as Dick Atkin, was a lawyer and judge of Irish, Welsh and Australian origin, who practised in England and Wales.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
The House of Lords, in addition to having a legislative function, historically also had a judicial function.
The Kaiser Foundation is a mental health organization based in Canada.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Law Reports is the name of a series of law reports published by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting.
In law, liable means "esponsible or answerable in law; legally obligated." Legal liability concerns both civil law and criminal law and can arise from various areas of law, such as contracts, torts, taxes, or fines given by government agencies.
This is a list of Law reports covering the decisions of Australian Courts.
In the law of torts, malpractice, also known as professional negligence, is an "instance of negligence or incompetence on the part of a professional".
Medical malpractice is a legal cause of action that occurs when a medical or health care professional deviates from standards in his or her profession, thereby causing injury to a patient.
Mens rea (Law Latin for "guilty mind") is the mental element of a person's intention to commit a crime; or knowledge that one's action or lack of action would cause a crime to be committed.
Neglect is a form of abuse where the perpetrator, who is responsible for caring for someone who is unable to care for themselves, fails to do so.
The tort of negligent infliction of emotional distress (NIED) is a controversial cause of action, which is available in nearly all U.S. states but is severely constrained and limited in the majority of them.
Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd v The Miller Steamship Co or Wagon Mound (No. 2),.
Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co., 248 N.Y. 339, 162 N.E. 99 (1928), is a leading case in American tort law on the question of liability to an unforeseeable plaintiff.
A plaintiff (Π in legal shorthand) is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court.
Privity is the legal term for a close, mutual, or successive relationship to the same right of property or the power to enforce a promise or warranty.
In the law, a proximate cause is an event sufficiently related to an injury that the courts deem the event to be the cause of that injury.
Punitive damages, or exemplary damages, are damages intended to reform or deter the defendant and others from engaging in conduct similar to that which formed the basis of the lawsuit.
Economic loss is a term of art which refers to financial loss and damage suffered by a person such as can be seen only on a balance sheet rather than as physical injury to the person or destruction of property.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
In law, a reasonable person, reasonable man, or the man on the Clapham omnibus is a hypothetical person of legal fiction crafted by the courts and communicated through case law and jury instructions.
Restitutio ad integrum or restitutio in integrum is a Latin term which means restoration to original condition.
Roe v Minister of Health 2 All ER 131 is an English tort law decision of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales which has had a significant influence on the common law throughout the common law world.
In law, the standard of review is the amount of deference given by one court (or some other appellate tribunal) in reviewing a decision of a lower court or tribunal.
In law, a summary judgment (also judgment as a matter of law) is a judgment entered by a court for one party and against another party summarily, i.e., without a full trial.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
A tort, in common law jurisdictions, is a civil wrong that causes a claimant to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act.
A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
A trier of fact, or finder of fact, is a person, or group of persons, who determines facts in a legal proceeding, usually a trial.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
United States v. Carroll Towing Co., 159 F.2d 169 (2d. Cir. 1947), is a decision from the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals that proposed a test to determine the standard of care for the tort of negligence.