253 relations: A Classical Adventure: The Architectural History of Downing College, Cambridge, Academic art, Academy of Athens (modern), Acts of Union 1800, ADAM Architecture, Adam style, Adolf Hitler, Albert Richardson, Albert Speer, Alexander Thomson, Altes Museum, American Museum of Natural History, American Renaissance, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Andrea Palladio, Andrews University, Ange-Jacques Gabriel, Antonio Corazzi, Aranjuez, Arc de Triomphe, Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, Architectural style, Architecture, Architecture parlante, Athens, Étienne-Louis Boullée, Baroque, Baroque architecture, Basilica, Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Baltimore), Beaux-Arts architecture, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Bertel Thorvaldsen, Biedermeier, Bradshaw Gass & Hope, Brasília, British Museum, British Raj, Bucranium, Camaïeu, Catherine the Great, Catholic Church, Chain Bridge (Budapest), Charles Cameron (architect), Charles de Wailly, Charles III of Spain, Charles, Prince of Wales, Chelsea Barracks, Chester, ..., Chiaroscuro, Chiswick House, Christian Hansen (architect), Chrystian Piotr Aigner, Classical antiquity, Classicism, Claude Nicolas Ledoux, Claude Perrault, Colen Campbell, Conservatism, Courts of Justice building (Valletta), Covent Garden, Crown Colony of Malta, Cuthbert Brodrick, De Re Aedificatoria, De Rohan Arch, Death of Adolf Hitler, Directoire style, Domenico Merlini, Domvs Romana, Downing College, Cambridge, Driehaus Architecture Prize, Duncan G. Stroik, Eastern Bloc, Edmund Burke, Eduard Schaubert, Edwin Lutyens, Eger, Eisenstadt, El Escorial, Empire style, Ephraim Schröger, Ernst Ziller, Esztergom, Federal architecture, First French Empire, Frieze, Garden city movement, George Dance the Younger, George Hepplewhite, Germania (city), Gilding, Giles Worsley, Goût grec, Gothic Revival architecture, Grand Tour, Greek Revival architecture, Grid plan, Hagley Hall, Heinrich Schliemann, Herculaneum, Heritage Malta, Historicism (art), History of Malta under the Order of Saint John, Holkham Hall, Hompesch Gate, House of Al Thani, Hugh Honour, Hungarian National Museum, Inigo Jones, Interwar period, Italians, Jakub Kubicki, James Adam (architect), James Gandon, James Stuart (1713–1788), James Wyatt, József Hild, Jean Chalgrin, Johann Christian Kammsetzer, Johann Joachim Winckelmann, John Adamson (publisher), John Carr (architect), John Soane, Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Josiah Wedgwood, Juan de Villanueva, Judson University, Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Karlsruhe, Karol Podczaszyński, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Greece, Laurynas Gucevičius, Le Antichità di Ercolano, Levittown, Lincoln Memorial, Louis Quinze, Louis XVI of France, Louis XVI style, Louvre, Madrid, Main Guard (Valletta), Marc-Antoine Laugier, Marcin Knackfus, Marie Antoinette, Mihály Pollack, Monarchism, Monument to Sir Alexander Ball, Munich, Museo del Prado, Nafplio, Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, Nashville, Tennessee, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, National Gallery, National Gallery of Art, National Library of Greece, National Library of Malta, National Observatory of Athens, Nationalism, Nazi Germany, Neo-Grec, Neo-Historism, Neoclassical architecture in Milan, Neoclassicism, Neoclassicism in France, New Classical architecture, New Delhi, New Urbanism, Nicholas Revett, Nordic Classicism, Norfolk, Numismatic Museum of Athens, Old Royal Palace, Otto of Greece, Palace of Culture and Science, Palladian architecture, Pediment, Percy Thomas, Petit Trianon, Planned community, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Political radicalism, Pompeii, Poros, Portico, Postmodern architecture, Pritzker Architecture Prize, Qatar Investment Authority, Quinlan Terry, Rationalism, Reformed Great Church of Debrecen, Regency architecture, Relief, Republicanism, Revivalism (architecture), Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, RNH Bighi, Robert Adam, Robert Smirke (architect), Robert Wood (antiquarian), Rococo, Romanticism, Rotunda of Mosta, Royal Opera House, Royal Opera House, Valletta, Russian Empire, Sackler Library, Saint Petersburg, Schermerhorn Symphony Center, Scotland, Shanghai, Society of Dilettanti, St Paul's Pro-Cathedral, Valletta, Stamatios Kleanthis, Stanisław August Poniatowski, Sublime (philosophy), Szymon Bogumił Zug, Temple, The Guardian, The Prince's Foundation for Building Community, Theophil Hansen, Thomas Chippendale, Thomas Harrison (architect), Tim Rawle, Times of Malta, Town Hall, Vilnius, United States, United States Capitol, University College London, University of Miami, University of Notre Dame, University of Virginia, Urban planning, Vase, Vác, Vernacular architecture, Vilnius Cathedral, Vilnius University, Vincent Harris, Vitruvius, Warsaw, Western Europe, White House, William Chambers (architect), William Hamilton (diplomat), William Henry Playfair, William Kent, William Tierney Clark, William Wilkins (architect), Zappeion. Expand index (203 more) » « Shrink index
A Classical Adventure: The Architectural History of Downing College, Cambridge is Tim Rawle's introduction to the architectural history of Downing College, Cambridge with photographs of the college buildings by Rawle and Louis Sinclair.
Academic art, or academicism or academism, is a style of painting, sculpture, and architecture produced under the influence of European academies of art.
The Academy of Athens (Ακαδημία Αθηνών, Akadimía Athinón) is Greece's national academy, and the highest research establishment in the country.
The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes erroneously referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
ADAM Architecture is an architecture and urban design practice in the UK with offices in Winchester and London.
The Adam style (or Adamesque and "Style of the Brothers Adam") is an 18th-century neoclassical style of interior design and architecture, as practised by three Scottish brothers, of whom Robert Adam (1728–1792) and James Adam (1732–1794) were the most widely known.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Sir Albert Edward Richardson (London, 19 May 1880 – 3 February 1964) was a leading English architect, teacher and writer about architecture during the first half of the 20th century.
Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer (March 19, 1905 – September 1, 1981) was a German architect who was, for most of World War II, Reich Minister of Armaments and War Production for Nazi Germany.
Alexander "Greek" Thomson (9 April 1817 – 22 March 1875) was an eminent Scottish architect and architectural theorist who was a pioneer in sustainable building.
The Altes Museum (German for Old Museum) is a museum building on Museum Island in Berlin, Germany.
The American Museum of Natural History (abbreviated as AMNH), located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.
In the history of American architecture and the arts, the American Renaissance was the period from 1876 to 1917 characterized by renewed national self-confidence and a feeling that the United States was the heir to Greek democracy, Roman law, and Renaissance humanism.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Andrea Palladio (30 November 1508 – 19 August 1580) was an Italian architect active in the Republic of Venice.
Andrews University is a university in Berrien Springs, Michigan.
Ange-Jacques Gabriel (23 October 1698 – 4 January 1782) was the principal architect of King Louis XV of France.
Antonio Corazzi (born 16 December 1792 in Livorno, died April 27 1877 in Florence) was an Italian architect working in Poland from 1819 to 1847, mainly in Neoclassical style.
Aranjuez, also called the Royal Estate of Aranjuez, is a city and municipality, capital of the Las Vegas district, in the southern part of the Community of Madrid, Spain.
The Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile (Triumphal Arch of the Star) is one of the most famous monuments in Paris, standing at the western end of the Champs-Élysées at the center of Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly named Place de l'Étoile — the étoile or "star" of the juncture formed by its twelve radiating avenues.
The Cathedral of the Most Holy Savior and of Saints John the Baptist and the Evangelist in the Lateran, (Santissimo Salvatore e Santi Giovanni Battista ed Evangelista in Laterano) - also known as the Papal Archbasilica of St.
An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Architecture parlante (“speaking architecture”) is architecture that explains its own function or identity.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Étienne-Louis Boullée (12 February 1728 – 4 February 1799) was a visionary French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.
The Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, also called the Baltimore Basilica, was the first Roman Catholic cathedral built in the United States, and was among the first major religious buildings constructed in the nation after the adoption of the U.S. Constitution.
Beaux-Arts architecture was the academic architectural style taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, particularly from the 1830s to the end of the 19th century.
Benjamin Henry Boneval Latrobe (May 1, 1764 – September 3, 1820) was a British neoclassical architect who emigrated to the United States.
Bertel Thorvaldsen (19 November 1770 – 24 March 1844) was a Danish sculptor of international fame, who spent most of his life (1797–1838) in Italy.
The Biedermeier period refers to an era in Central Europe between 1815 and 1848, during which the middle class grew in number and arts appealed to common sensibilities.
Bradshaw Gass & Hope is an English firm of architects founded in 1862 by Jonas James Bradshaw (1837–1912).
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Bucranium (plural bucrania; Latin, from Greek βουκράνιον, referring to the skull of an ox) was a common form of carved decoration in Classical architecture used to fill the metopes between the triglyphs of the frieze of Doric temples.
Camaïeu (also called en camaïeu) is a technique that employs two or three tints of a single color, other than gray, to create a monochromatic image without regard to local or realistic color.
Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Széchenyi Chain Bridge (Széchenyi lánchíd) is a suspension bridge that spans the River Danube between Buda and Pest, the western and eastern sides of Budapest, the capital of Hungary.
Charles Cameron (1745 – 19 March 1812) was a Scottish architect who made an illustrious career at the court of Catherine II of Russia.
Charles de Wailly (9 November 1730 – 2 November 1798) was a French architect and urbanist, and furniture designer, one of the principals in the Neoclassical revival of the Antique.
Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was King of Spain and the Spanish Indies (1759–1788), after ruling Naples as Charles VII and Sicily as Charles V (1734–1759), kingdoms he abdicated to his son Ferdinand.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
Chelsea Barracks was a British Army barracks located in the City of Westminster, London, adjacent to Chelsea and Belgravia, on Chelsea Bridge Road.
Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.
Chiaroscuro (Italian for light-dark), in art, is the use of strong contrasts between light and dark, usually bold contrasts affecting a whole composition.
Chiswick House is a Palladian villa in Burlington Lane, Chiswick, west London, England.
Hans Christian Hansen (20 April 1803 – 2 May 1883) was a Historicist Danish architect who worked 18 years in Greece where he was active in the transformation of Athens from a small town to the country's capital and an international metropolis.
Chrystian Piotr Aigner (1756 in Puławy, Poland – 9 February 1841 in Florence, Italy) was a Polish architect and theoretician of architecture.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for a classical period, classical antiquity in the Western tradition, as setting standards for taste which the classicists seek to emulate.
Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (21 March 1736 – 18 November 1806) was one of the earliest exponents of French Neoclassical architecture.
Claude Perrault (25 September 1613 – 9 October 1688) was a French architect, best known for his participation in the design of the east façade of the Louvre in Paris.
Colen Campbell (15 June 1676 – 13 September 1729) was a pioneering Scottish architect and architectural writer, credited as a founder of the Georgian style.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
The Courts of Justice building is a courthouse in Valletta, Malta.
Covent Garden is a district in Greater London, on the eastern fringes of the West End, between Charing Cross Road and Drury Lane.
The Crown Colony of the Island of Malta and its Dependencies (commonly known as the Crown Colony of Malta) was a British colony in the present-day Republic of Malta.
Cuthbert Brodrick FRIBA (1 December 1821 – 2 March 1905) was a British architect, whose most famous building is Leeds Town Hall.
De re aedificatoria (On the Art of Building) is a classic architectural treatise written by Leon Battista Alberti between 1443 and 1452.
The De Rohan Arch (Il-Bieb De Rohan), also known as the New Gateway (Il-Bieb il-Ġdid), is a commemorative archway in Żebbuġ, Malta.
Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Directoire style,, describes a period in the decorative arts, fashion, and especially furniture design, concurrent with the post-Revolution French Directory (November 2, 1795 through November 10, 1799).
Domenico Merlini (22 February 1730 – 20 February 1797) was an Italian-Polish architect whose work was mostly in the classical style.
The Domvs Romana is a ruined Roman-era house located on the boundary between Mdina and Rabat, Malta.
Downing College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge and currently has around 650 students.
The Driehaus Architecture Prize, fully named The Richard H. Driehaus Prize at the University of Notre Dame, is a global award to honor a major contributor in the field of contemporary vernacular and classical architecture, commonly referred to as New Classical architecture.
Duncan Gregory Stroik (born January 14, 1962), usually credited as Duncan G. Stroik, is an American architect, Professor of Architecture at the University of Notre Dame School of Architecture, and founding editor of the Sacred Architecture Journal. His work continues the tradition of classical and Palladian architecture, also known as New Classical Architecture.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Edmund Burke (12 January 17309 July 1797) was an Anglo-Irish statesman born in Dublin, as well as an author, orator, political theorist and philosopher, who after moving to London in 1750 served as a member of parliament (MP) between 1766 and 1794 in the House of Commons with the Whig Party.
Gustav Eduard Schaubert (translit) 27 July 1804, Breslau, Prussia – 30 March 1860, Breslau) was a Prussian architect, who made a major contribution to the re-planning of Athens after the Greek War of Independence.
Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era.
Eger (see also other alternative names) is the county seat of Heves, and the second largest city in Northern Hungary (after Miskolc).
Eisenstadt (Kismarton, Željezni grad, Željezno, Železno) is a city in Austria, the state capital of Burgenland.
The Royal Site of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Monasterio y Sitio de El Escorial en Madrid), commonly known as El Escorial, is a historical residence of the King of Spain, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, about northwest of the capital, Madrid, in Spain.
The Empire style (style Empire) is an early-nineteenth-century design movement in architecture, furniture, other decorative arts, and the visual arts, representing the second phase of Neoclassicism.
Ephraim Schröger or Efraim Szreger (1727, Toruń - 16 August 1783, Warsaw) was a German architect active in Poland.
Ernst Moritz Theodor Ziller (Ερνέστος Τσίλλερ, Ernestos Tsiller; 22 June 1837, Serkowitz (now part of Radebeul-Oberlößnitz) – 4 November 1923, Athens) was a Saxon architect who later became a Greek national, and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was a major designer of royal and municipal buildings in Athens, Patras and other Greek cities.
Esztergom (Gran, Ostrihom, known by alternative names), is a city in northern Hungary, northwest of the capital Budapest.
Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
In architecture the frieze is the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain in the Ionic or Doric order, or decorated with bas-reliefs.
The garden city movement is a method of urban planning in which self-contained communities are surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry, and agriculture.
George Dance the younger, RA (1 April 1741 – 14 January 1825) was an English architect and surveyor as well as a portraitist.
George Hepplewhite (1727? – 21 June 1786) was a cabinetmaker.
Germania, in full Welthauptstadt Germania ("World Capital Germania") was the projected renewal of the German capital Berlin during the Nazi period, part of Adolf Hitler's vision for the future of Nazi Germany after the planned victory in World War II.
Gilding is any decorative technique for applying fine gold leaf or powder to solid surfaces such as wood, stone, or metal to give a thin coating of gold.
Giles Arthington Worsley (22 March 1961 – 17 January 2006) was an English architectural historian, author, editor, journalist and critic, specialising in British country houses.
Goût grec (French, the "Greek taste") is the term applied to the earliest expression of the neoclassical style in France, it refers specifically to the decorative arts and architecture of the mid-1750s to the late 1760s.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
The term "Grand Tour" refers to the 17th- and 18th-century custom of a traditional trip of Europe undertaken by mainly upper-class young European men of sufficient means and rank (typically accompanied by a chaperon, such as a family member) when they had come of age (about 21 years old).
The Greek Revival was an architectural movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, predominantly in Northern Europe and the United States.
The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Hagley Hall is a Grade I listed 18th-century house in Hagley, Worcestershire, the home of the Lyttelton family.
Heinrich Schliemann (6 January 1822 – 26 December 1890) was a German businessman and a pioneer in the field of archaeology.
Located in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius, Herculaneum (Italian: Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD.
Heritage Malta (Patrimonju Malta) is the Maltese national agency for museums, conservation practice and cultural heritage.
Historicism or also historism (Historismus) comprises artistic styles that draw their inspiration from recreating historic styles or imitating the work of historic artisans.
Malta was ruled by the Order of Saint John as a vassal state of the Kingdom of Sicily from 1530 to 1798.
Holkham Hall is an 18th-century country house located adjacent to the village of Holkham, Norfolk, England.
The Hompesch Gate (Il-Mina ta' Hompesch) is a commemorative archway in Żabbar, Malta.
The House of Thani (translit) is the ruling family of Qatar, whose origins can be traced back to Al-Maadeed of the Banu Tamim tribal confederation.
Hugh Honour FRSL (26 September 1927 – 19 May 2016) was a British art historian, known for his writing partnership with John Fleming.
The Hungarian National Museum (Hungarian: Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum) was founded in 1802 and is the national museum for the history, art and archaeology of Hungary, including areas not within Hungary's modern borders such as Transylvania; it is not to be confused with the collection of international art of the Hungarian National Gallery.
Inigo Jones (15 July 1573 – 21 June 1652) was the first significant English architect (of Welsh ancestry) in the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Jakub Kubicki (1758–1833) was a renowned Polish classicist architect and designer.
James Adam (21 July 1732 – 20 October 1794) was a Scottish architect and furniture designer, but was often overshadowed by his older brother and business partner, Robert Adam.
James Gandon (1743–1823) is today recognised as one of the leading architects to have worked in Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century.
James "Athenian" Stuart (1713 – 2 February 1788) was a Scottish archaeologist, architect and artist, best known for his central role in pioneering Neoclassicism.
James Wyatt (3 August 1746 – 4 September 1813) was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style and neo-Gothic style.
József Hild (born as Josef Hild, Hild József, 8 December 1789 in Pest – 6 March 1867 in Pest) was a Hungarian -German architect.
Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin (1739 – 21 January 1811) was a French architect, best known for his design for the Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
Johann Christian Kammsetzer or Jan Chrystian Kamsetzer (Dresden, 1753 – 25 November 1795, Warsaw) was a Dresden-born architect who was active primarily in Poland.
Johann Joachim Winckelmann (9 December 1717 – 8 June 1768) was a German art historian and archaeologist.
John Adamson (born 1949) is a British publisher, translator and writer.
John Carr (1723–1807) was a prolific English architect.
Sir John Soane (né Soan; 10 September 1753 – 20 January 1837) was an English architect who specialised in the Neo-Classical style.
Joseph Bonomi the Elder (19 January 17399 March 1808) was an Italian architect and draughtsman who spent most of his career in England where he became a successful designer of country houses.
Josiah Wedgwood (12 July 1730 – 3 January 1795) was an English potter and entrepreneur.
Juan de Villanueva (September 15, 1739 in Madrid – August 22, 1811) was a Spanish architect.
Judson University is an evangelical Christian liberal arts university located in Elgin, Illinois, United States.
Karl Friedrich Schinkel (13 March 1781 – 9 October 1841) was a Prussian architect, city planner, and painter who also designed furniture and stage sets.
Karlsruhe (formerly Carlsruhe) is the second-largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg, in southwest Germany, near the French-German border.
Karol Podczaszyński (Karolis Podčašinskis) (November 7, 1790 – April 19, 1860) was a Polish architect, a representative of the neoclassical architecture and a professor of the Imperial University of Vilna, as well as one of the pioneers of industrial design.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France and the Russian Empire).
Laurynas Gucevičius (Wawrzyniec Gucewicz; 1753–1798) was an 18th-century Lithuanian architect from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and most of his designs were built there.
The Le Antichità di Ercolano Esposte (Antiquities of Herculaneum Exposed) is an eight-volume book of engravings of the findings from excavating the ruins of Herculaneum in the Kingdom of Naples (now Italy).
Levittown is the name of seven large suburban housing developments created in the United States of America and in Puerto Rico by William Levitt and his company Levitt & Sons.
The Lincoln Memorial is an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.
The Louis XV style or Louis Quinze is a style of architecture and decorative arts which appeared during the reign of Louis XV of France.
Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.
Louis XVI style, also called Louis Seize, is a style of architecture, furniture, decoration and art which developed in France during the 19-year reign of Louis XVI (1774–1793), just before the French Revolution.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
The Main Guard, originally called the Guardia della Piazza, is a building in Valletta, Malta, located in the square facing the Grandmaster's Palace in the city centre.
The abbé Marc-Antoine Laugier (January 22, 1713 – April 5, 1769) was a Jesuit priest and architectural theorist.
Marcin Knackfus (c. 1742 – c. 1821) was a Polish–Lithuanian Neoclassical architect of German descent.
Marie Antoinette (born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution.
Mihály Pollack (born as Michael Pollack, August 30, 1773—January 5, 1855) was an Austrian-born Hungarian architect, key figure of neoclassical architecture.
Monarchism is the advocacy of a monarch or monarchical rule.
The Monument to Sir Alexander Ball (Il-Monument ta' Sir Alexander Ball) is a neoclassical monument in the Lower Barrakka Gardens in Valletta, Malta.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Prado Museum is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid.
Nafplio (Ναύπλιο, Nauplio or Nauplion in Italian and other Western European languages) is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the seat of Davidson County.
The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA;Εθνικὸν καὶ Καποδιστριακόν Πανεπιστήμιον Ἀθηνῶν, Ethnikón kai Kapodistriakón Panepistímion Athinón), usually referred to simply as the University of Athens (UoA), is a public university in Zografou, a suburb of Athens, Greece.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London.
The National Gallery of Art, and its attached Sculpture Garden, is a national art museum in Washington, D.C., located on the National Mall, between 3rd and 9th Streets, at Constitution Avenue NW.
The National Library of Greece (Εθνική Βιβλιοθήκη) is situated near the center of city of Athens.
The National Library of Malta (Bibljoteka Nazzjonali ta' Malta), often known as the Bibliotheca (Bibljoteka), is a reference library in Republic Square, Valletta, Malta.
The National Observatory of Athens (NOA; Εθνικό Αστεροσκοπείο Αθηνών) is a research institute in Athens, Greece.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Néo-Grec was a Neoclassical revival style of the mid-to-late 19th century that was popularized in architecture, the decorative arts, and in painting during France's Second Empire, or the reign of Napoleon III (1852–1870).
Neo-Historism, also known as Neo-Historicism, comprises artistic styles that draw their inspiration from recreating historicist styles or artisans.
Neoclassical architecture in Milan encompasses the main artistic movement from about 1750 to 1850 in this northern Italian city.
Neoclassicism (from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Latin classicus, "of the highest rank") is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of classical antiquity.
Neoclassicism is a movement in architecture, design and the arts which was dominant in France between about 1760 to 1830.
New Classical architecture is a contemporary movement in architecture that continues the practice of classical and traditional architecture.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
New Urbanism is an urban design movement which promotes environmentally friendly habits by creating walkable neighborhoods containing a wide range of housing and job types.
Nicholas Revett (1721–1804) was a British architect.
Nordic Classicism was a style of architecture that briefly blossomed in the Nordic countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland) between 1910 and 1930.
Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England.
The Numismatic Museum in Athens (Νομισματικό Μουσείο) is one of the most important museums of Greece and houses one of the greatest collections of coins, ancient and modern, in the world.
The Old Royal Palace (Παλαιά Ανάκτορα Palaiá Anáktora) is the first royal palace of modern Greece, completed in 1843.
Otto (Óthon; 1 June 1815 – 26 July 1867) was a Bavarian prince who became the first modern King of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London.
Palace of Culture and Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki; abbreviated PKiN) is a notable high-rise building in Warsaw, Poland.
Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from and inspired by the designs of the Venetian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580).
A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the entablature, typically supported by columns.
Sir Percy Edward Thomas OBE (13 September 1883 – 19 August 1969) was an English architect based in Wales for the majority of his life.
The Petit Trianon (French for "small Trianon"), built between 1762 and 1768 during the reign of Louis XV of France, is a small château located on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles in Versailles, France.
A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.
The term political radicalism (in political science known as radicalism) denotes political principles focused on altering social structures through revolutionary or other means and changing value systems in fundamental ways.
Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near modern Naples in the Campania region of Italy, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
Poros (Πόρος) is a small Greek island-pair in the southern part of the Saronic Gulf, about (31 nautical miles) south from Piraeus and separated from the Peloponnese by a wide sea channel, with the town of Galatas on the mainland across the strait.
A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls.
Postmodern architecture is a style or movement which emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the austerity, formality, and lack of variety of modern architecture, particularly in the international style advocated by Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually "to honor a living architect or architects whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built environment through the art of architecture." Founded in 1979 by Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy, the award is funded by the Pritzker family and sponsored by the Hyatt Foundation.
The Qatar Investment Authority (جهاز قطر للإستثمار) (QIA) is Qatar's state-owned holding company that can be characterized as a National Wealth Fund.
John Quinlan Terry CBE (born 24 July 1937 in Hampstead, London, England) is a British architect.
In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification".
The Reformed Great Church or Great Reformed Church in Debrecen (a református nagytemplom) is located in the city of Debrecen.
Regency architecture refers to classical buildings built in Britain during the Regency era in the early 19th century when George IV was Prince Regent, and also to earlier and later buildings following the same style.
Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material.
Republicanism is an ideology centered on citizenship in a state organized as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty.
Revivalism in architecture is the use of visual styles that consciously echo the style of a previous architectural era.
Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork, (25 April 1694 – 4 December 1753) was an Anglo-Irish architect and noble often called the "Apollo of the Arts" and the "Architect Earl".
Royal Naval Hospital Bighi (RNH Bighi) also known as Bighi Hospital, was a major naval hospital located in the small town of Kalkara on the island of Malta.
Robert Adam (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.
Sir Robert Smirke (1 October 1780 – 18 April 1867) was an English architect, one of the leaders of Greek Revival architecture, though he also used other architectural styles.
Robert Wood (1717 – 9 September 1771) was a British traveller, classical scholar, civil servant and politician.
Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", was an exuberantly decorative 18th-century European style which was the final expression of the baroque movement.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
The Parish Church of the Assumption (Knisja Arċipretali ta' Santa Marija), commonly known as the Rotunda of Mosta (Ir-Rotunda tal-Mosta) or the Mosta Dome, is a Roman Catholic parish church in Mosta, Malta, dedicated to the Assumption of Mary.
The Royal Opera House (ROH) is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London.
The Royal Opera House, also known as the Royal Theatre (It-Teatru Rjal), was an opera house and performing arts venue in Valletta, Malta.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
The Sackler Library holds a large portion of the classical, art historical, and archaeological works belonging to the University of Oxford, England.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
The Schermerhorn Symphony Center is a concert hall in downtown Nashville, Tennessee.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
The Society of Dilettanti (founded 1734) is a society of noblemen and scholars which sponsors the study of ancient Greek and Roman art, and the creation of new work in the style.
St Paul's Pro-Cathedral (Malti: Il-Pro-Katridral ta' San Pawl), officially The Pro-Cathedral and Collegiate Church of Saint Paul, is an Anglican pro-cathedral of the Diocese in Europe situated in Independence Square, Valletta, Malta.
Stamatios or Stamatis Kleanthis (Σταμάτιος (Σταμάτης) Κλεάνθης; 1802, Velventos, Ottoman Empire (modern-day Greece) - 1862, Athens, Greece) was a Greek architect.
Stanisław II Augustus (also Stanisław August Poniatowski; born Stanisław Antoni Poniatowski; 17 January 1732 – 12 February 1798), who reigned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1764 to 1795, was the last monarch of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
In aesthetics, the sublime (from the Latin sublīmis) is the quality of greatness, whether physical, moral, intellectual, metaphysical, aesthetic, spiritual, or artistic.
Szymon Bogumił Zug (20 February 1733 – 11 August 1807), born Simon Gottlieb Zug, and also known as Zugk, was a renowned Polish-German classicist architect and designer of gardens.
A temple (from the Latin word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Prince's Foundation for Building Community (formerly The Prince of Wales's Institute of Architecture until 2001 and The Prince's Foundation for the Built Environment until 2012) is an educational charity established in 1986 by The Prince of Wales to teach and demonstrate in practice those principles of traditional urban design and architecture which put people and the communities of which they are part at the centre of the design process.
Baron Theophil Edvard von Hansen (original Danish name: Theophilus Hansen; 13 July 1813, in Copenhagen – 17 February 1891, in Vienna) was a Danish architect who later became an Austrian citizen.
Thomas Chippendale (1718 – 1779) was born in Otley in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England in June 1718.
Thomas Harrison (7 August (baptised) 1744 – 29 March 1829) was an English architect and bridge engineer who trained in Rome, where he studied classical architecture.
Tim Rawle is an English architectural photographer and writer.
The Times of Malta is an English-language daily newspaper in Malta.
Vilnius Town Hall (Vilniaus rotušė) is a historical town hall in the square of the same name in the Old Town of Vilnius, Lithuania.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the home of the United States Congress, and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The University of Miami (informally referred to as UM, U of M, or The U) is a private, nonsectarian research university in Coral Gables, Florida, United States.
The University of Notre Dame du Lac (or simply Notre Dame or ND) is a private, non-profit Catholic research university in the community of Notre Dame, Indiana, near the city of South Bend, in the United States.
The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA), frequently referred to simply as Virginia, is a public research university and the flagship for the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
A vase is an open container.
Vác (Waitzen; Vacov; ווייצען) is a town in Pest county in Hungary with approximately 35,000 inhabitants.
Vernacular architecture is an architectural style that is designed based on local needs, availability of construction materials and reflecting local traditions.
The Cathedral Basilica of St Stanislaus and St Ladislaus of Vilnius (Vilniaus Šv., Bazylika archikatedralna św.) is the main Roman Catholic Cathedral of Lithuania.
Vilnius University (Vilniaus universitetas; former names exist) is the oldest university in the Baltic states and one of the oldest in Northern Europe.
Emanuel Vincent Harris OBE, RA (26 June 1876 – 1 August 1971), often known as E. Vincent Harris, was an English architect who designed several important public buildings.
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (c. 80–70 BC – after c. 15 BC), commonly known as Vitruvius, was a Roman author, architect, civil engineer and military engineer during the 1st century BC, known for his multi-volume work entitled De architectura.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
Sir William Chambers (23 February 1723 – 10 March 1796) was a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London.
Sir William Hamilton (13 December 1730 – 6 April 1803) was a British diplomat, antiquarian, archaeologist and vulcanologist.
William Henry Playfair FRSE (15 July 1790 – 19 March 1857) was one of the greatest Scottish architects of the 19th century, designer of many of Edinburgh's neoclassical landmarks in the New Town.
William Kent (c. 1685 – 12 April 1748) was an eminent English architect, landscape architect and furniture designer of the early 18th century.
William Tierney Clark FRS FRAS (23 August 1783 – 22 September 1852) was an English civil engineer particularly associated with the design and construction of bridges.
William Wilkins RA (31 August 1778 – 31 August 1839) was an English architect, classical scholar and archaeologist.
The Zappeion (Ζάππειον Μέγαρο); is a building in the National Gardens of Athens in the heart of Athens, Greece.
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