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Index Neologism

A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language. [1]

75 relations: A Christmas Carol, Abbreviation, Acronym, Agitprop, Ancient Greek, Aphasia, Aureation, Blend word, Brain damage, Catch-22, Charles Dickens, Coca-Cola, Cola, Compound (linguistics), Cyberspace, Diminutives in Australian English, Don Quixote, Douglas Coupland, Ebenezer Scrooge, Eleanor H. Porter, English for specific purposes, Facebook, Finnegans Wake, Franz Kafka, Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, George Orwell, Grok, Idiolect, Internet, James Joyce, Jargon, Joseph Heller, Kleenex, Language planning, Laser, Lewis Carroll, Mass media, McJob, Memetics, Merriam-Webster, Miguel de Cervantes, Mondegreen, Monstration, Morphology (linguistics), Neuromancer, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Orwellian, Oxford English Dictionary, Phono-semantic matching, Photocopier, ..., Pollyanna, Portmanteau, Prefix, Protologism, Psychiatry, Quixotism, Retronym, Rhyme, Robert A. Heinlein, Robotics, Sniglet, Snowmageddon, Social media, Stranger in a Strange Land, Stroke, Suffix, Theology, Think aloud protocol, Transcendentalism, Traumatic brain injury, Twitter, William Gibson, Word formation, Word of mouth, Xerox. Expand index (25 more) »

A Christmas Carol

A Christmas Carol in Prose, Being a Ghost-Story of Christmas, commonly known as A Christmas Carol, is a novella by Charles Dickens, first published in London by Chapman & Hall in 1843; the first edition was illustrated by John Leech.

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An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase.

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An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).

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Agitprop (from r, portmanteau of "agitation" and "propaganda") is political propaganda, especially the communist propaganda used in Soviet Russia, that is spread to the general public through popular media such as literature, plays, pamphlets, films, and other art forms with an explicitly political message.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Aphasia is an inability to comprehend and formulate language because of damage to specific brain regions.

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Aureation ("to make golden", from aureus) is a device in arts of rhetoric that involves the "gilding" (or supposed heightening) of diction in one language by the introduction of terms from another, typically a classical language considered to be more prestigious.

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Blend word

In linguistics, a blend word is one formed from parts of two or more other words.

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Brain damage

Brain damage or brain injury (BI) is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells.

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Catch-22 is a satirical novel by American author Joseph Heller.

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Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Coca-Cola, or Coke (also Pemberton's Cola at certain Georgian vendors), is a carbonated soft drink produced by The Coca-Cola Company.

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Cola is a sweetened, carbonated soft drink, made from ingredients that contain caffeine from the kola nut and non-cocaine derivatives from coca leaves, flavored with vanilla and other ingredients.

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Compound (linguistics)

In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.

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Cyberspace is interconnected technology.

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Diminutives in Australian English

Diminutive forms of words are commonly used in every-day Australian English.

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Don Quixote

The Ingenious Nobleman Sir Quixote of La Mancha (El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha), or just Don Quixote (Oxford English Dictionary, ""), is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes.

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Douglas Coupland

Douglas CouplandSteve Lohr, "No More McJobs for Mr.

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Ebenezer Scrooge

Ebenezer Scrooge is the protagonist of Charles Dickens's 1843 novella, A Christmas Carol.

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Eleanor H. Porter

Eleanor Emily Hodgman Porter (December 19, 1868 – May 21, 1920) was an American novelist.

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English for specific purposes

English for specific purposes (ESP) is a subset of English as a second or foreign language.

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Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.

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Finnegans Wake

Finnegans Wake is a work of fiction by Irish writer James Joyce.

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Franz Kafka

Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature.

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Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture

Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, published by St. Martin's Press in 1991, is the first novel by Douglas Coupland.

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George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.

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Grok is a word coined by American writer Robert A. Heinlein for his 1961 science fiction novel Stranger in a Strange Land.

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Idiolect is an individual's distinctive and unique use of language, including speech.

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The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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James Joyce

James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.

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Jargon is a type of language that is used in a particular context and may not be well understood outside that context.

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Joseph Heller

Joseph Heller (May 1, 1923 – December 12, 1999) was an American author of novels, short stories, plays and screenplays.

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Kleenex is a brand name for a variety of paper-based products such as facial tissue, bathroom tissue, paper towels, tampons, and diapers.

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Language planning

Language planning is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure, or acquisition of languages or language variety within a speech community.

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A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.

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Lewis Carroll

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.

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Mass media

The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.

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McJob is slang for a low-paying, low-prestige dead-end job that requires few skills and offers very little chance of intracompany advancement.

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Memetics is the study of information and culture based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution.

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Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.

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Miguel de Cervantes

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (29 September 1547 (assumed)23 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists.

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A mondegreen is a mishearing or misinterpretation of a phrase as a result of near-homophony, in a way that gives it a new meaning.

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A monstration is a public performance similar to a demonstration, but intended as creative performance art, often parodying a serious demonstration.

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Morphology (linguistics)

In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.

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Neuromancer is a 1984 science fiction novel by American-Canadian writer William Gibson.

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Nineteen Eighty-Four

Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as 1984, is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell.

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"Orwellian" is an adjective describing a situation, idea, or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Phono-semantic matching

Phono-semantic matching (PSM) is the incorporation of a word into one language from another, often creating a neologism), where the word's non-native quality is hidden by replacing it with phonetically and semantically similar words or roots from the adopting language. Thus, the approximate sound and meaning of the original expression in the source language are preserved, though the new expression (the PSM) in the target language may sound native. Phono-semantic matching is distinct from calquing, which includes (semantic) translation but does not include phonetic matching (i.e. retaining the approximate sound of the borrowed word through matching it with a similar-sounding pre-existent word or morpheme in the target language). At the same time, phono-semantic matching is also distinct from homophonic translation, which retains the sound of a word but not the meaning.

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A photocopier (also known as a copier or copy machine) is a machine that makes paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply.

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Pollyanna is a best-selling 1913 novel by Eleanor H. Porter that is now considered a classic of children's literature, with the title character's name becoming a popular term for someone with the same very optimistic outlook: a subconscious bias towards the positive is often described as the Pollyanna principle.

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A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.

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A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.

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Protologism is a term invented in the early 2000s by Mikhail Epstein, an American literary theorist, to refer to a new word which has not gained wide acceptance in the language.

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Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.

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Quixotism (adj. quixotic) is impracticality in pursuit of ideals, especially those ideals manifested by rash, lofty and romantic ideas or extravagantly chivalrous action.

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A retronym is a newer name for an existing thing that differentiates the original form or version from a more recent one.

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A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds (or the same sound) in two or more words, most often in the final syllables of lines in poems and songs.

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Robert A. Heinlein

Robert Anson Heinlein (See also the biography at the end of For Us, the Living, 2004 edition, p. 261. July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was an American science-fiction writer.

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Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science, and others.

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A sniglet is an often humorous word made up to describe something for which no dictionary word exists.

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Snowmageddon, Snowpocalypse, and Snowzilla are portmanteaus of the word "snow" with either "Armageddon", "Apocalypse" and "Godzilla" respectively.

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Social media

Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.

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Stranger in a Strange Land

Stranger in a Strange Land is a 1961 science fiction novel by American author Robert A. Heinlein.

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A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

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In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.

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Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.

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Think aloud protocol

Think-aloud (or thinking aloud) protocol (also talk-aloud protocol) is a protocol used to gather data in usability testing in product design and development, in psychology and a range of social sciences (e.g., reading, writing, translation research, decision making, and process tracing).

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Transcendentalism is a philosophical movement that developed in the late 1820s and 1830s in the eastern United States.

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Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force injures the brain.

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Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".

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William Gibson

William Ford Gibson (born March 17, 1948) is an American-Canadian speculative fiction writer and essayist widely credited with pioneering the science fiction subgenre known as cyberpunk.

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Word formation

In linguistics, word formation is the creation of a new word.

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Word of mouth

Word of mouth or viva voce, is the passing of information from person to person by oral communication, which could be as simple as telling someone the time of day.

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Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neologism

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