32 relations: Alkane, Carbon, Carbon tetrachloride, Chemical formula, Chirality (chemistry), Combustibility and flammability, Deuterium, Electron, Gas, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Isopentane, Liquid, Neopentyl alcohol, Neptunium, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Pentane, Preferred IUPAC name, Pressure, Quaternary carbon, Royal Society of Chemistry, Silane, Spectral Database for Organic Compounds, Structural isomer, Substituent, Temperature, Tetrahedral symmetry, Tetramethylbutane, Tetramethylsilane, Triptane, Volatility (chemistry), 2,2-Dimethylbutane, 2,3-Dimethylbutane.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chirality is a geometric property of some molecules and ions.
Flammable materials are those that ignite more easily than other materials, whereas those that are harder to ignite or burn less vigorously are combustible.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
Isopentane, C5H12, also called methylbutane or 2-methylbutane, is a branched-chain alkane with five carbon atoms.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
Neopentyl alcohol is a compound with formula C5H12O or (H3C-)3C-CH2OH.
Neptunium is a chemical element with symbol Np and atomic number 93.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a physical phenomenon in which nuclei in a magnetic field absorb and re-emit electromagnetic radiation.
Pentane is an organic compound with the formula C5H12—that is, an alkane with five carbon atoms.
In chemical nomenclature, a preferred IUPAC name (PIN) is a unique name, assigned to a chemical substance and preferred among the possible names generated by IUPAC nomenclature.
Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.
A quaternary carbon is a carbon atom bound to four other carbon atoms.
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".
Silane is an inorganic compound with chemical formula, SiH4, making it a group 14 hydride.
The Spectral Database for Organic Compounds (SDBS) is a free online searchable database hosted by the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) in Japan, that contains spectral data for ca 34,000 organic molecules.
Structural isomerism, or constitutional isomerism (per IUPAC), is a form of isomerism in which molecules with the same molecular formula have different bonding patterns and atomic organization, as opposed to stereoisomerism, in which molecular bonds are always in the same order and only spatial arrangement differs.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
A regular tetrahedron, an example of a solid with full tetrahedral symmetry A regular tetrahedron has 12 rotational (or orientation-preserving) symmetries, and a symmetry order of 24 including transformations that combine a reflection and a rotation.
Tetramethylbutane, sometimes called hexamethylethane, is a hydrocarbon with formula C8H18 or (H3C-)3C-C(-CH3)3.
Tetramethylsilane (abbreviated as TMS) is the organosilicon compound with the formula Si(CH3)4.
Triptane, or 2,2,3-trimethylbutane, is an organic chemical compound with the molecular formula C7H16 or (H3C-)3C-C(-CH3)2H.
In chemistry and physics, volatility is quantified by the tendency of a substance to vaporize.
2,2-Dimethylbutane, trivially known as neohexane, is an organic compound with formula C6H14 or (H3C-)3-C-CH2-CH3.
2,3-Dimethylbutane is an isomer of hexane.