24 relations: Advantame, Amine, Aspartame, Aspartic acid, Calorie, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Clearance (pharmacology), E number, Ester, Esterase, Food and Drug Administration, Food Standards Agency, High-fructose corn syrup, Hydrolysis, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Metabolism, Methanol, Methyl group, NutraSweet, Phenylalanine, Phenylketonuria, Protease, Sucrose, Sugar substitute.
Advantame is a non-caloric sweetener from Japan's Ajinomoto Co.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Aspartame (APM) is an artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages.
Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit watchdog and consumer advocacy group that advocates for safer and healthier foods.
In pharmacology, the clearance is a pharmacokinetic measurement of the volume of plasma from which a substance is completely removed per unit time; the usual units are mL/min.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
An esterase is a hydrolase enzyme that splits esters into an acid and an alcohol in a chemical reaction with water called hydrolysis.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
The Food Standards Agency is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) (also called glucose-fructose, isoglucose and glucose-fructose syrup) is a sweetener made from corn starch that has been processed by glucose isomerase to convert some of its glucose into fructose.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
The NutraSweet Company is an American nutrient company that produces and markets NutraSweet, their trademarked brand name for the artificial sweeteners aspartame and neotame.
Phenylalanine (symbol Phe or F) is an α-amino acid with the formula.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of metabolism that results in decreased metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine.
A protease (also called a peptidase or proteinase) is an enzyme that performs proteolysis: protein catabolism by hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.