487 relations: Agriculture and Forestry University, Allahabad pillar, Allegiance, Angiras (sage), Anglo-Nepalese War, Animism, Annapurna Massif, April 2015 Nepal earthquake, Architecture of Nepal, Armed Police Force (Nepal), Assam, Awadhi language, Baburam Bhattarai, Bagmati River, Bahun, Bajjika, Bamboo, Bangladesh, Barun Valley, Basanta Regmi, Battle of Kirtipur, Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, BBC News, Bhaktapur, Bhojpuri language, Bhutan, Bhutanese refugees, Bhutia, Bicameralism, Bidhya Devi Bhandari, Bigha, Biogeography, Biome, Biratnagar, Birendra of Nepal, Birendranagar, Blanket, Brahmaputra River, Britain–India–Nepal Tripartite Agreement, British Army, British Empire, British Raj, Buddhism, Buddhism in Nepal, Buddhist pilgrimage, Butwal, Caretaker government, Central Investigation Bureau, Chamar, Chandra Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana, ..., Chhath, Chhetri, Chief Justice of Nepal, Child labour in Nepal, China, Cho Oyu, Christianity in Nepal, Citizenship, Combat, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre), Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist), Communization, Constitution of Nepal, Constitutional monarchy, Cricket, Cricket in Nepal, Dal bhat, Dalit, Damai, Dasarath Rangasala Stadium, Dashain, Dayananda Bajracharya, Daylight saving time, Deforestation in Nepal, Demographics of Nepal, Devanagari, Dhangadhi, Dharapani, Gandaki, Dhaulagiri, Dhaulagiri Zone, Dhindo, Dhol, Diarrhea, Dipendra of Nepal, Distribution of wealth, Doctor Strange (2016 film), Doteli language, East India Company, Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests, Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, Edward J. Thomas, Eight-thousander, Election Commission, Nepal, English language, ESPNcricinfo, Ethnic groups in Nepal, Eurasia, European Union, Everest (2015 film), Executive (government), Far-western University, Federal Parliament of Nepal, Federal republic, FIFA, Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, Flag of Nepal, Foot, Football in Nepal, Freedom of religion in Nepal, Gandaki River, Gandaki Zone, Ganges, Garhwal Kingdom, Gastrointestinal disease, Gautama Buddha, Gautama Maharishi, Gender inequality in Nepal, Geography of Nepal, Ghaghara, Ghandruk, Girija Prasad Koirala, Goitre, Gopal Bansa, Gorkha District, Gorkha Kingdom, Gorkha regiments (India), Government of India, Government of Nepal, Gross domestic product, Gundruk, Gupta Empire, Gurkha, Gurung language, Gurung people, Gyanendra of Nepal, Haliya, Han Suyin, Harijan, Head of state, Hemp, Hetauda, Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests, Himalayan subtropical pine forests, Himalayas, Hindu, Hindu calendar, Hindu temple, Hinduism, Hinduism in Nepal, History of China, History of Nepal, History of slavery in Asia, HIV, Holi, House of Representatives (Nepal), Human rights in Nepal, Human trafficking in Nepal, Inch, India, Indian Army, Indian Rebellion of 1857, Indian rupee, Indian subcontinent, Indigenous language, Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Gangetic Plain, Indus River, Industrial Revolution, Inner Terai Valleys of Nepal, Intelligence, International Cricket Council, International Development Committee, International Futures, Intestinal parasite infection, Irreligion, Islam in Nepal, Islamism, Jainism, Janakpur, Nepal, Jane Wilson-Howarth, Jayasthitimalla, Jhala Nath Khanal, Jhapa District, Journal of Geophysical Research, Judiciary, Jung Bahadur Rana, Jute, Kali Gandaki Gorge, Kami people, Kangchenjunga, Kapilvastu District, Karnali, Kaski District, Katha (unit), Kathmandu, Kathmandu University, Kathmandu Valley, Khadga Prasad Oli, Khartuwa, Khas people, Khumbu, Khumjung, Kilogram, Kingdom of Nepal, Kingdom of the Videhas, Kiranti languages, Kirat Mundhum, Kirata, Kirata Kingdom, Kirati people, Koeri, Kolkata, Koshi River, Kosi Zone, Kot massacre, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, Kuinemangale, Kumaon Kingdom, Kushwaha, Lalitpur, Nepal, Lama, Landlocked country, Law enforcement in Nepal, Left- and right-hand traffic, Legislative assembly, Legislature, Legislature Parliament of Nepal, Lelep, Leprosy, LGBT, LGBT rights in Nepal, Lhasa Newar, Lhotse, Library of Congress, Licchavi (kingdom), Limbu language, Limbu people, Limbuwan, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of districts of Nepal, List of Prime Ministers of Nepal, List of root vegetables, Literacy, Litre, Little Buddha, Lower Himalayan Range, Lumbini, Madhav Kumar Nepal, Madhesi people, Magar language, Magars, Mahalangur Himal, Mahendra of Nepal, Maithili language, Maithils, Makalu, Makalu, Nepal, Malla (Nepal), Malnutrition, Manang District, Nepal, Manaslu, Manjushree Thapa, Marshyangdi, Maurya Empire, Mechi Zone, Metric system, Mha Puja, Military communications, Military operation, Mithila (region), Momo (food), Mongoloid, Monsoon, Montane grasslands and shrublands, Morang District, Mount Everest, Mudi, Nepal, Mustang District, Myagdi District, Nanda Kishor Pun, Narayanhity Palace, Narchyang, National Assembly (Nepal), National Investigation Department of Nepal, Neolithic, Nepal Mandala, Nepal national cricket team, Nepal national football team, Nepal Sambat, Nepal Sanskrit University, Nepal Standard Time, Nepalese Armed Forces, Nepalese Army, Nepalese Army Air Service, Nepalese Civil War, Nepalese Constituent Assembly election, 2013, Nepalese Muslims, Nepalese royal massacre, Nepalese rupee, Nepali Congress, Nepali language, Nepali Sign Language, Nepali Times, Nepalis, Netherlands national cricket team, Newa art, Newar Buddhism, Newar language, Newar people, Non-Aligned Movement, North India, Nyatapola, One Day International, Outline of Nepal, Paleogene, Pali, Panchayat (Nepal), Papua New Guinea national cricket team, Parliamentary republic, Parliamentary system, Parmanand Jha, Pashupatinath Temple, People's Movement I (1990), Peter Matthiessen, Phoksundo Lake, Pokhara, Pokhara University, Poverty, Prakrit, President of Nepal, Prithvi Narayan Shah, Province No. 1, Province No. 2, Province No. 3, Province No. 4, Province No. 5, Province No. 7, Provinces of Nepal, Public holiday, Public holidays in Nepal, Purbanchal University, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, Qing dynasty, Queen Aishwarya of Nepal, Rai people, Ram Baran Yadav, Ram Raja Prasad Singh, Ramayana, Rana dynasty, Rastriya Prajatantra Party, Rautahat District, Recognition of same-sex unions in Nepal, Refugee, República (Nepalese newspaper), Reporters Without Borders, Representative democracy, Republic, Republic Day (Nepal), Rhododendron, Rishi, Rishikesh Shah, Sagarmatha Zone, Samagaun, Same-sex marriage, Samudragupta, Sankhuwasabha District, Sanskrit, Sanskritisation, Sarki (ethnic group), Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka, Science education, Secular state, Secularity, Separation of powers, Seven Years in Tibet (1997 film), Shah dynasty, Shaivism, Shakya, Sherpa language, Sherpa people, Shiva, Siddha, Sikkim, Silk Road, Sino-Nepalese War, Sita, Sivalik Hills, Skanda Purana, Solukhumbu District, South Asia, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, Stone inscriptions in the Kathmandu Valley, Stupa, Subtropics, Sunuwar people, Sunwar language, Supreme Court of Nepal, Swanti (festival), Tamang language, Tamang people, Tapas (Indian religions), Taplejung District, Telephone numbers in Nepal, Teli, Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest, Temperate climate, Temperate coniferous forest, Terai, Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands, Thakali people, Thakuri, Tharu languages, Tharu people, Tharuhat, The Golden Child, The Himalayan Times, The Mountain Is Young, The Snow Leopard, Third gender, Tibet, Tibetan diaspora, Tibetan Plateau, Tibetic languages, Tibeto-Burman languages, Tihar (festival), Time (magazine), Tourism in Nepal, Treaty of Sugauli, Tri-Chandra College, Tribhuvan of Nepal, Tribhuvan University, Tribhuvan University International Cricket Ground, Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests, Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Tuberculosis, Twenty20 International, Unemployment, UNESCO, Unicameralism, Unification of Nepal, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations peacekeeping, Upanishads, Urdu, UTC+05:45, Vaisakha, Vedas, Vedic period, Vice President of Nepal, Vikram Samvat, Visceral leishmaniasis, Vulgarism, Water buffalo, Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Western Himalayan broadleaf forests, Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, Women in the military, World Cricket League, World Heritage site, World war, Xuanzang, Yadav, Yamphudin, Yunnan, .np, 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake, 2006 democracy movement in Nepal, 2008 Sichuan earthquake, 2008 Summer Olympics summit of Mt. Everest, 2011 Nepal census, 2012 ICC World Cricket League Division Four, 2013 ICC World Cricket League Division Three, 2014 Cricket World Cup Qualifier, 2014 ICC World Cricket League Division Three, 2014 ICC World Twenty20, 2015 ICC World Cricket League Division Two, 2015–17 ICC Intercontinental Cup, 2015–17 ICC World Cricket League Championship, 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier, 2018 ICC World Cricket League Division Two, 26th parallel north, 31st parallel north, 80th meridian east, 89th meridian east. Expand index (437 more) » « Shrink index
The Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU) is a public agricultural university with central offices in Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.
The Allahabad pillar is an Ashoka Stambha, one of the pillars of Ashoka, an emperor of the Maurya dynasty who reigned in the 3rd century BCE.
An allegiance is a duty of fidelity said to be owed, or freely committed, by the people, subjects or citizens to their state or sovereign.
Angiras (अंगिरस्, pronounced) is a Vedic rishi (sage) of Hinduism.
The Anglo-Nepalese War (1814–16), also known as the Gurkha War, was fought between the Kingdom of Gorkha (present-day Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal) and the East India Company as a result of border disputes and ambitious expansionism of both the belligerent parties.
Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Annapurna (Sanskrit, Nepali, Newar: अन्नपूर्णा) is a massif in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes one peak over, thirteen peaks over, and sixteen more over.
The April 2015 Nepal earthquake (also known as the Gorkha earthquake) killed nearly 9,000 people and injured nearly 22,000.
Nepali architecture or Nepalese architecture is a unique strain of art and practicality.It is famous all over the world.
The Armed Police Force of Nepal is a paramilitary Land warfare force tasked with counter-insurgency operations in Nepal.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
Awadhi (Devanagari: अवधी) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and Terai belt of Nepal.
Baburam Bhattarai (. बाबुराम भट्टराई (born 18 June 1954) is a Nepalese politician who was Prime Minister of Nepal from August 2011 to March 2013. He was a long-time leading member of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) prior to founding a new party, Naya Shakti. In 1996 the Maoists started the People's War in Nepal, which had a huge impact on the political system in Nepal. The decade-long civil war, in which more than 12,000 Nepalese died, had a major role in the transformation of Nepal from a monarchy into a republic. Bhattarai was elected to the Constituent Assembly from Gorkha as a Maoist candidate in 2008 and became Minister of Finance in the cabinet formed after the election. Bhattarai became Prime Minister in 2011. As a way out of the political deadlock since the dissolution of the first Nepalese Constituent Assembly in May 2012, he was replaced by Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi as head of an interim government that was to hold elections by 21 June 2013. He was a senior Standing Committee member and vice chairperson of the Maoist party until his resignation from his post and all party responsibilities on 26 September 2015. He is now Coordinator of Naya Shakti, a newly founded party.
The Bagmati River runs through the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal and separates Kathmandu from Patan.
Bahun (बाहुन) or Khas Brahmin(खस ब्राह्मण) is a caste among Khas ethnic Pahari people.
Bajjika is a language spoken in eastern India, considered by some to be a dialect of the Maithili language.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Barun Valley (बरुण उपत्यका) is a Himalayan valley situated at the base of Mt. Makalu in the Sankhuwasabha district Nepal.
Basanta Regmi (वसन्त रेग्मी) (born 6 April 1986) is a Nepalese Cricketer.
The Battle of Kirtipur occurred in 1767 during the Gorkha conquest of Nepal, and was fought at Kirtipur, one of the principal towns in the Kathmandu Valley.
The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an international organisation of seven nations of South Asia and South East Asia, housing 1.5 billion people and having a combined gross domestic product of $2.5 trillion (2014).
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Bhaktapur (भक्तपुर), literally translates to Place of devotees.
Bhojpuri is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Northern-Eastern part of India and the Terai region of Nepal.
Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia.
Bhutanese refugees are Lhotshampas ("southerners"), a group of Nepali language-speaking Bhutanese people, including the Kirat, Tamang, Magar, Brahman, Chhetri and Gurung peoples.
The Bhutia བོད་རིགས (Drenjongpa / Drenjop;; "inhabitants of Sikkim"; in Bhutan: Dukpa) are a community of people of Tibetan ancestry, who speak Lhopo or Sikkimese, a Tibetan dialect fairly mutually intelligible with standard Tibetan.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
Bidhya Devi Bhandari (born 19 June 1961) is a Nepali politician who is the current President of Nepal and commander in chief of Nepalese Army.
The bigha (also formerly beegah; बीघा, বিঘা, বিঘা) is a traditional unit of measurement of area of a land, commonly used in Nepal, Bangladesh and in a number of states of India, including Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Gujarat and Rajasthan but not in southern states of India.
Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
Biratnagar (Devanāgarī: विराटनगर), the of Nepal) is a metropolitan city and the interim capital of the Province No. 1 of Nepal. It is currently the second most densely populated (after Kathmandu) and the fourth most populous city of Nepal, with a population of 240,000. Biratnagar has been the most politically active city of Nepal, gifting a subtotal of five prime ministers along with hosting some of the most revolutionary incidents (the first anti-Rana movement, the first plane hijack, the castle for Nepali Congress, etc.) in the modern history of Nepal. The city has a total area of 29.9 mi² (77.5 km²), a geographical location of 26°28'60"N 87°16'60"E. and is located in the Morang District (in the previous Koshi Zone) of the eastern-most Terai region of Nepal. It lies 399 km east of Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, and 6 km north of the Jogbani border of the Indian state of Bihar. Biratnagar was declared a metropolitan on May 22, 2017 along with Birgunj. It stands to be the third most populated metropolitan city after the urban agglomeration of Kathmandu and the Pokhara Lekhnath. The upgradation to the metropolis was witnessed via the addition of Tankisinuwari and Jahada-3 to the previous submetropolitian, pushing the total population to 240,000 (approx.) from 214,000. The city has been home to the Biratnagar Jute Mills, the first large scale industry of Nepal. Named after King Virata (the in-law of Arjuna), the city serves as the entrance point to a manifold of majestic destinations of Eastern Nepal.
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (29 December 1944 – 1 June 2001) was the King of Nepal from 1972 until 2001.
Birendranagar (वीरेन्द्रनगर) is a city in Surkhet District in Karnali province of Nepal.
A blanket is a large piece of soft cloth.
The Brahmaputra (is one of the major rivers of Asia, a trans-boundary river which flows through China, India and Bangladesh. As such, it is known by various names in the region: Assamese: ব্ৰহ্মপুত্ৰ নদ ('নদ' nôd, masculine form of 'নদী' nôdi "river") Brôhmôputrô; ब्रह्मपुत्र, IAST:; Yarlung Tsangpo;. It is also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra (when referring to the whole river including the stretch within Tibet). The Manas River, which runs through Bhutan, joins it at Jogighopa, in India. It is the ninth largest river in the world by discharge, and the 15th longest. With its origin in the Manasarovar Lake, located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges (including the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon) and into Arunachal Pradesh (India). It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna (not to be mistaken with Yamuna of India). In the vast Ganges Delta, it merges with the Padma, the popular name of the river Ganges in Bangladesh, and finally the Meghna and from here it is known as Meghna before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. About long, the Brahmaputra is an important river for irrigation and transportation. The average depth of the river is and maximum depth is. The river is prone to catastrophic flooding in the spring when Himalayas snow melts. The average discharge of the river is about, and floods can reach over. It is a classic example of a braided river and is highly susceptible to channel migration and avulsion. It is also one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal bore. It is navigable for most of its length. The river drains the Himalaya east of the Indo-Nepal border, south-central portion of the Tibetan plateau above the Ganga basin, south-eastern portion of Tibet, the Patkai-Bum hills, the northern slopes of the Meghalaya hills, the Assam plains, and the northern portion of Bangladesh. The basin, especially south of Tibet, is characterized by high levels of rainfall. Kangchenjunga (8,586 m) is the only peak above 8,000 m, hence is the highest point within the Brahmaputra basin. The Brahmaputra's upper course was long unknown, and its identity with the Yarlung Tsangpo was only established by exploration in 1884–86. This river is often called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra river. The lower reaches are sacred to Hindus. While most rivers on the Indian subcontinent have female names, this river has a rare male name, as it means "son of Brahma" in Sanskrit (putra means "son").
The Tripartite Agreement between the United Kingdom, India and Nepal was a treaty signed in 1947 concerning the rights of Gurkhas in military service.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Buddha was born in Shakya (Shakya) Kingdom of Kapilvastu which lies in present-day Rupandehi district, Lumbini zone of Nepal.
The most important places of pilgrimage in Buddhism are located in the Gangetic plains of Northern India and Southern Nepal, in the area between New Delhi and Rajgir.
Butwal (बुटवल) officially Butwal Sub-Metropolitan is one of the twin cities of rapidly growing Butwal-Bhairahawa urban agglomeration in Nepal.
A caretaker government is a government that rules on a temporary basis, due to the loss of election or a pending transition of power.
The Central Investigation Bureau (CIB) is the national investigation agency of Nepal which is run under Nepal Police.
Chamar is one of the untouchable communities, or dalits, who are now classified as a Scheduled Caste under modern India's system of positive discrimination.
Field-Marshal Maharaja Sri Teen Chandra Shumsher Junga Bahadur Rana, GCB, GCSI, GCVO, GCMG, FRGS (8 July 1863 – 26 November 1929) was the Prime Minister of Nepal from the Rana dynasty.
Chhath is an ancient Hindu Vedic festival historically native to the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh as well as the Madhesh region of Nepal.
Chhetri (Kshetri, or Chhettri), (क्षेत्री; IAST: Kṣetrī) synonymous with Kshetri and Khatri are Nepali native/ indigeneos people and speakers of Khas community, an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic community consisting of Brahmins (Bahun), Thakuris, Kami, Damai, Sarki, Badi, and Gandarbhas.
The Chief Justice of Nepal (प्रधान न्यायाधीश) is the head of the judicial branch of Nepal and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Nepal.
The incidence of child labour in Nepal is relatively high compared with other countries in South Asia.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Cho Oyu (Nepali: चोयु) is the sixth highest mountain in the world at above sea level.
Christianity is, according to the 2011 census, the fifth most practiced religion in Nepal, with 375,699 adherents, or 1.4% of the population.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
Combat (French for fight) is a purposeful violent conflict meant to weaken, establish dominance over, or kill the opposition, or to drive the opposition away from a location where it is not wanted or needed.
The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) (नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (माओवादी केन्द्र)) was a communist political party in Nepal.
The Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) (नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (एकीकृत मार्क्सवादी-लेनिनवादी)) was one of the two major communist parties in Nepal.
Communization (or communisation in British English) mainly refers to a contemporary communist theory in which there is a "mixing-up of insurrectionist anarchism, the communist ultra-left, post-autonomists, anti-political currents, groups like the Invisible Committee, as well as more explicitly ‘communizing’ currents, such as Théorie Communiste.
Constitution of Nepal 2015 (Nepali Name:नेपालको संविधान २०७२) is the present governing Constitution of Nepal.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Cricket is the most popular sport in Nepal.
Dal bhat (दालभात, ডাল ভাত, દાળ ભાત, डाळ भात, দাইল ভাত dail bhat / ডালি ভাত dali bhat) is a traditional meal from the Indian subcontinent, popular in many areas of Nepal, Bangladesh and India.
Dalit, meaning "broken/scattered" in Sanskrit and Hindi, is a term mostly used for the castes in India that have been subjected to untouchability.
Damai/Dholi (दमाइँ) is a occupational caste found among Khas people.
The Dasarath Stadium (दशरथ रंगशाला) is a multi-purpose stadium in Tripureshwar, Kathmandu.
Dashain (India and Nepal or Baḍādaśãi बडादशैँ), also Bijayā Daśamī), or Mohani (Nepali म्होनि नख) is the Nepali version of Durga Puja (Maithili: दुर्गा पुजा), a fifteen-day-long festival of Shaktism in South Asia. It is celebrated by Hindu groups in Nepal and the ethnic हिन्दू Nepali people of Indian hill states of Sikkim, Assam and Darjeeling district and among the Lhotshampa of Bhutan and the Burmese Gurkhas of Myanmar. It is the longest and the most auspicious festival in the Bikram Sambat and Nepal Sambatannual calendar, celebrated by hindu Nepalese people, along with their diaspora throughout the globe. It is the longest and most anticipated festival in Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and North Indian hills. People return from all parts of the world, as well as different parts of the country, to celebrate together. All government offices, educational institutions and other offices remain closed during the festival period.The festival falls in September or October, starting from the shukla paksha (bright lunar fortnight) of the month of Ashvin and ending on purnima, the full moon. Among the fifteen days on which it is celebrated, the most important days are the first, seventh, eighth, ninth and the tenth. Among the Newa of the Nepal mandal Kathmandu valley Dashain is celebrated as the most important festival of as Nepal sambat calendar year. Among the Hindus and Buddhist Newars, it is celebrated with slight differences and interpretations, where each nine days Navaratri (नवरात्री) leading up to the 10th day called 'Dashami' carry special importance. The goddess Durga and her various manifestations are especially worshiped by Hindu Newars throughout the Shaktipeeths of Kathmandu Valley. Among Newars, Mwohni is also important for its emphasis on family gatherings as well as on a renewal of community ties, highlighted by special family dinners called Nakhtyā (नख्त्या) and various community processions of deities called Jātrā (जात्रा) throughout the three royal cities of Kathmandu Valley.
Dayananda Bajracharya (दयानन्द बज्राचार्य) was a Nepalese professor, biologist, and science writer.
Daylight saving time (abbreviated DST), sometimes referred to as daylight savings time in U.S., Canadian, and Australian speech, and known as summer time in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.
Deforestation in Nepal has always been a serious issue, which has a severe effect on the lives of poor people.
In the 2011 census, Nepal's population was approximately 26 million people with a population growth rate of 1.35% and a median age of 21.6 years.
Devanagari (देवनागरी,, a compound of "''deva''" देव and "''nāgarī''" नागरी; Hindi pronunciation), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी),Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group,, page 83 is an abugida (alphasyllabary) used in India and Nepal.
Dhangadhi (धनगढी) is a sub-metropolitain city and the District Headquarter of Kailali District in Province No. 7 of Nepal.
Dharapani is a village development committee in Manang District in the Gandaki Zone of northern Nepal.
The Dhaulagiri massif in Nepal extends from the Kaligandaki River west to the Bheri.
Dhaulagiri (धौलागिरी अञ्चल) was one of the fourteen zones which Nepal was divided into for administrative purposes, prior to the September 10, 2015 adoption of a new Constitution, which divided the nation instead into 7 provinces.
Dhindo (Listen) is a traditional food of Nepal.
Dhol (ढोल, ਢੋਲ, ڈھول, ঢোল, ઢોલ, ढोल, ঢোল) can refer to any one of a number of similar types of double-headed drum widely used, with regional variations, throughout the Indian subcontinent.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah (दीपेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (27 June 1971 – 4 June 2001) was the King of Nepal who ascended the throne for three days after killing nine people from the royal family, including his parents and brothers, in the Nepalese royal massacre and reigned from 1 to 4 June 2001.
--> The distribution of wealth is a comparison of the wealth of various members or groups in a society.
Doctor Strange is a 2016 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
Doteli, or Dotyali (डोटेली) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 800,000 people, most of whom live in Nepal.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows is a montane grasslands and shrublands ecoregion of Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal, which lies between the tree line and snow line in the eastern portion of the Himalaya Range.
The Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests is a temperate broadleaf forest ecoregion found in the middle elevations of the eastern Himalayas, including parts of Nepal, India, and Bhutan.
The Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests is a temperate coniferous forests ecoregion which is found in the middle and upper elevations of the eastern Middle Himalayas, in western Nepal, Bhutan and northern Indian states including Arunachal Pradesh.
Edward Joseph Thomas (July 30, 1869 – February 11, 1958) was an English classicist, librarian and author of several books on the history of Buddhism.
The eight-thousanders are the 14 independentIn making any "highest mountains" list, one needs to use a criterion to exclude subpeaks and only list independent mountains.
The Election Commission, Nepal (निर्वाचन आयोग, नेपाल; Nirvācana āyōg, Nēpāl) is a constitutional body responsible for conducting and monitoring elections, as well as registering parties and candidates and reporting election outcomes, in Nepal.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
ESPNcricinfo (formerly known as Cricinfo or CricInfo) is a sports news website exclusively for the game of cricket.
Ethnic groups in Nepal today are a product of both colonial and state-building eras and are delineated using language, ethnic identity or the caste system in Nepal.
Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Everest is a 2015 biographical adventure film directed and produced by Baltasar Kormákur and written by William Nicholson and Simon Beaufoy, adapted from Beck Weathers' memoir Left for Dead: My Journey Home from Everest (2000).
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
Far-western University is a university in Nepal, located in Mahendranagar, Kanchanpur.
The Federal Parliament of Nepal (संघीय संसद नेपाल, saṅghīya sansada Nēpāl) is the federal and supreme legislative body of Nepal.
A federal republic is a federation of states with a republican form of government.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, known as the Panchsheel Treaty: Non-interference in others internal affairs and respect for each other's territorial unity integrity and sovereignty (from Sanskrit, panch: five, sheel: virtues), are a set of principles to govern relations between states.
The national flag of Nepal (नेपालको झण्डा) is the world's only non-quadrilateral national flag.
The foot (plural feet) is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates.
It is governed by the All Nepal Football Association (ANFA).
Nepal is a secular state under the Interim Constitution, which was promulgated on January 15, 2007.
The Gandaki River (also known as the Narayani and the Gandak) is one of the major rivers of Nepal and a left bank tributary of the Ganges in India.
Gandaki zone (गण्डकी अञ्चल was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal, located in the Western Development Region. It was named as Sapta Gandaki after the seven tributaries (Kali Gandaki, Trishuli, Budhi Gandaki, Marsyangdi, Madi, Seti Gandaki, and Daraudi) that make up the Gandaki River. Pokhara served as its regional and zonal capital. It was also the birthplace of Bhanubhakta Acharya, first poet of Nepal. The Gandaki Zone was home to multiple cultures which are unique in themselves. Some, like the Magar and Gurung, have attained fame much like the Gurkha people.
The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
Garhwal Kingdom (गढ़वाळ रजौड़ा; गढ़वाल राज्य; गढ़वाल राज्य), was an independent kingdom in the current north-western Himalayan state of Uttarakhand, India, founded in 823 AD by Kanakpal, the progenitor of the Panwar Garhwali Rajput dynasty that ruled over the kingdom uninterrupted till 1803.
Gastrointestinal diseases refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
Gautama Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
Gautama Maharishi (महर्षिः गौतम Maharṣiḥ Gautama) was a Rigvedic sage in Hinduism, and also finds mentions in Jainism and Buddhism.
Gender inequality in Nepal refers to disparities and inequalities between men and women in Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia.
Nepal measures about along its Himalayan axis by across.
Ghaghara, also called Karnali (घाघरा; Ghāghrā; कर्णाली; Karṇālī; 加格拉河; Jiāgélāhé) is a perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar.
Ghandruk (ne:घान्द्रुक) is a town and Village Development Committee in Kaski District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal.
Girija Prasad Koirala (गिरीजाप्रसाद कोइराला; 4 July 1924 – 20 March 2010), commonly known as G.P. Koirala, was a Nepalese politician.
A goitre or goiter is a swelling in the neck resulting from an enlarged thyroid gland.
Gopal Bansa / Gwalvansh was a dynasty in ancient Nepal, arguably the in Kathmandu Valley.
Gorkha District (गोरखा जिल्ला), a part of Province No. 4, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal and connected historically with the creation of the modern Nepal and the name of the legendary Gurkha soldiers.
Gorkha Kingdom (गोरखा राज्य) was a former kingdom in the confederation of 24 states known as Chaubisi rajya located in present-day western Nepal.
Since the independence of India in 1947, as per the terms of the Britain–India–Nepal Tripartite Agreement, six Gorkha regiments, formerly part of the British Indian Army, became part of the Indian Army and have served ever since.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Government of Nepal (नेपाल सरकार), or Nepal Government, is the executive body and the central government of Nepal.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Gundruk (गुन्द्रुक, (Pickled Leafy Vegetables)) is fermented leafy green vegetable and is a popular food in Nepal and claimed to be one of the national dishes.
The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire, existing from approximately 240 to 590 CE.
The Gurkhas or Gorkhas with endonym Gorkhali (गोरखाली) are the soldiers of Nepalese nationality and ethnic Indian Gorkhas recruited in the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force, and war zones around the world.
Gurung (also Tamu Kyi, Devanagari:तमु क्यी) is spoken by the Gurung people in two dialects with limited mutual intelligibility.
The Gurung people, also called Tamu, are an ethnic group from different parts of Nepal.
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; Jñānendra Śāh; born 7 July 1947) reigned as the last King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008.
Haliya (हलिया) is an agricultural bonded laborer who works on another person's land.
Han Suyin (12 September 1917 (some sources say: 1916)2 November 2012) was the pen name of Elizabeth Comber, born Rosalie Matilda Kuanghu Chou.
Harijan (Hindustani: हरिजन (Devanagari), ہریجن (Nastaleeq); translation: "person of Hari/Vishnu") was a term popularized by Indian political leader Mohandas Gandhi for referring communities traditionally considered so called Untouchable (formerly called "acchoot" अछूत in Hindi). The term achoot is now considered derogatory, and the term Harijan is no longer used.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
Hetauda (हेटौडा) is a sub-metropolitan city in the Makwanpur District of the Narayani Zone of southern Nepal.
The Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests is an ecoregion that extends from the middle hills of central Nepal through Darjeeling into Bhutan and also into the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh.
The Himalayan subtropical pine forests are a large subtropical coniferous forest ecoregion covering portions of Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hindu calendar is a collective term for the various lunisolar calendars traditionally used in India.
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hinduism is the largest religion of Nepal.
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.
The history of Nepal has been influenced by its position in the Himalaya and its two neighbours, modern day India and China.
Slavery has existed all throughout Asia, and forms of slavery still exist today.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Holi (Holī), also known as the "festival of colours", is a spring festival celebrated all across the Indian subcontinent as well as in countries with large Indian subcontinent diaspora populations such as Jamaica, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mauritius, and Fiji.
The House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा; Pratinidi Sabha) is the lower house of the bicameral Federal parliament of Nepal, with the Upper house being the National Assembly. Members of the House of Representatives are elected through a parallel voting system. They hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The house meets in the International Convention Centre in Kathmandu. The House has 275 members; 165 elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting and 110 elected through proportional electoral system where voters vote for political parties, considering the whole country as a single election constituency. The House of Representatives, unless dissolved, continues to operate for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. However, in a state of emergency, the term of the House of Representatives may be extended, not exceeding one year in accordance with federal law. The current House of Representatives was elected in 2017 and its first meeting was held on 4 March 2018.
A conflict between the Nepalese government forces and the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN- Maoist) occurred between 1996 and 2006, resulting in an increase in human rights abuses throughout the country.
Human trafficking in Nepal is a growing criminal industry affecting multiple other countries beyond Nepal, primarily across Asia and the Middle East.
The inch (abbreviation: in or &Prime) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to yard but usually understood as of a foot.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major uprising in India between 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.
The Indian rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
An indigenous language or autochthonous language is a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people, often reduced to the status of a minority language.
The Indo-Aryan or Indic languages are the dominant language family of the Indian subcontinent.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 255 million-hectare (630 million-acre) fertile plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.
The Indus River (also called the Sindhū) is one of the longest rivers in Asia.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The Inner Terai Valleys of Nepal (भित्री मधेश) comprise several elongated river valleys in the southern lowland Terai part of the country.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving.
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket.
The International Development Committee is a select committee of the House of Commons in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
An intestinal parasite infection is a condition in which a parasite infects the gastro-intestinal tract of humans and other animals.
Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.
Islam is a minority religion in Nepal.
Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Janakpur (जनकपुर) is the headquarters of Dhanusa District in Nepal.
Jane Wilson-Howarth (born 1954) is a British physician, lecturer and author.
Jayasthitimalla (or Jayasthiti Malla) (जयस्थिति मल्ल) was a 14th-century king of Nepal belonging to the Malla dynasty.
Jhala Nath Khanal (झलनाथ खन्नाल; born 20 May 1950) is a Nepalese politician who was the 35th Prime Minister of Nepal from February 2011 to August 2011.
Jhapa (झापा जिल्ला) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal.
The Journal of Geophysical Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
Shree Teen Maharaja Sir Jung Bahadur Kunwar Ranaji, (born as Bir Narsingh Kunwar (वीर नरसिंह कुँवर.), 18 June 1817, Borlang, Gorkha – 25 February 1877, Patharghat, Rautahat; popularly known as Jung Bahadur Rana (जङ्ग बहादुर राणा)) was a Khas Rajput (Chhetri) ruler of Nepal and founder of the Rana Dynasty of Nepal.
Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.
The Kali Gandaki Gorge or Andha Galchi is the gorge of the Kali Gandaki (or Gandaki River) in the Himalayas in Nepal.
The Kami are an ethnic and linguistic group in Morogoro Region, Tanzania.
Kangchenjunga (कञ्चनजङ्घा; कंचनजंघा; ཁང་ཅེན་ཛོཾག་), also spelled Kanchenjunga, is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India.
Kapilvastu district (कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला), often Kapilbastu, is one of the districts of Province No. 5, Nepal.
Karnali (कर्णाली) is one of the seven federal provinces of Nepal formed by a new constitution which was adopted on 20 September 2015.
Kaski District (कास्की जिल्ला, a part of Province No. 4, is one of the seventy-six districts of Nepal. The name is disambiguated from Kaskikot, the ancient Kaski Kingdom. The district, with Pokhara as its district headquarter, covers an area of 2,017 square km and had a total population of 492,098 according to 2011 Census. This district lies at the centroid point of the country. The altitude of Kaski district ranges from 450 meters the lowest land to 8091 meters the highest point in the Himalaya range. Kaski District politically has One Metropolitan City, 4 Gaupalika and 3 electoral sectors. The district covers parts of the Annapurna mountain range, and the picturesque scene of the mountains can be observed from most parts of the district. It is one of the best tourist destinations of Nepal. The district is full of rivers such as Seti Gandaki, Modi and Madi along with other rivulets. The district headquarters Pokhara lies about 750 m above the sea level and is one of the best tourist destinations in the world. The district is famous for the Himalayan range with about 11 Himalayas with height greater than 7000 m. The famous Peaks include Machhapuchhre (Virgin Peak - 6993m). The Annapurna Range in the northern side is always full of snow. The beautiful scenery of northern mountains, gorge of Seti River, Davis Falls, natural caves, Fewa Lake, Begnas Lake and Rupa Lake are important natural resources of this district with great tourism values.
A kattha (also spelled katha or cottah) is a unit of area mostly used for measuring land parts of in India, Nepal, and Bangladesh.
Kathmandu (काठमाडौं, ये:. Yei, Nepali pronunciation) is the capital city of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
Kathmandu University (KU) (काठमाण्डौ विश्वविद्यालय) is an autonomous governmental, public institution.
Population- 5 million The Kathmandu Valley (काठमाडौं उपत्यका, Nepalbhasa: स्वनिगः, नेपाः गाः), historically known as Nepal Valley or Nepa Valley, lies at the crossroads of ancient civilizations of Asia, and has at least 130 important monuments, including several pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists.
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli (खड्ग प्रसाद शर्मा ओली; born 22 February 1952), more commonly known as K.P. Oli, is a Nepalese politician and the current Prime Minister of Nepal.
Khartuwa is a small village in the Sitalpati V.D.C. Ward no.6 of Sankhuwasabha District, located in one of the most remote part of eastern Nepal.
Khas people (खस) also called Khas Arya (खस आर्य) are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group native to the present-day Nepal as well as Kumaon and Garhwal regions of Uttarakhand and speak the Khas language (modern Nepali language).
Khumbu (also known as the Everest Region) is a region of northeastern Nepal on the Nepalese side of Mount Everest.
Khumjung (Nepali: खुम्जुंग) is a village and Village Development Committee in Solukhumbu District in the Sagarmatha Zone of north-eastern Nepal.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
The Hindu Kingdom of Nepal (नेपाल अधिराज्य), also known as the Kingdom of Gorkha (गोर्खा अधिराज्य), was a Hindu kingdom formed in 1768 by the unification of Nepal.
The Kingdom of the Videhas (also known as Mithila and Tirabhukti) was an ancient kingdom in Vedic India which rose to prominence under King Janaka.
The Kiranti languages are a major family of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in Nepal, Sikkim and Darjeeling Hills by the Kirati people.
Kirat Mundhum (also Kirati Mundhum), also called Kiratism or Kirantism or simply Mundhum, is the religion of the Kirati tribes of Nepal: Limbu, Rai, Sunuwar and Yakkha peoples of Nepal, India, Myanmar and now practiced in the UK, China, USA and many other countries.
The Kirāta (Kirat) (किरात) is a generic term in Sanskrit literature for people who had territory in the mountains, particularly in the Himalayas and North-East India and who are believed to have been Sino-Tibetan in origin.
Kirata Kingdom (Kirat) in Sanskrit literature and Hindu mythology refers to any kingdom of the Kirata people, who were dwellers mostly in the Himalayas (mostly eastern Himalaya).
The Kirati people (Sanskrit: Kirāta) (also spelled as Kirant or Kiranti) are indigenous Kirat ethnic group of the Himalayas extending eastward from Nepal into India, Bangladesh, Burma and beyond.
The Koeri (or Koiry or Koiri) are an Indian caste, found largely in Bihar, whose traditional occupation was as cultivators.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
The Koshi or Kosi River (कोशी नदी,, कोसी नदी) drains the northern slopes of the Himalayas in Tibet and the southern slopes in Nepal.
Koshi (कोशी अञ्चल) was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restruction of zones to Provinces.
The Kot massacre (Nepali: kot parva) took place on 14 September 1846 when Jung Bahadur Rana and his brothers killed about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court including the Prime Minister and a relative of the King, Chautariya Fateh Jung Shah, at the palace armoury (the kot) of Kathmandu.
Krishna Bahadur Mahara is a Nepalese politician, belonging to the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
Kuinemangale is a village development committee in Myagdi District in the Dhaulagiri Zone of western-central Nepal.
Kumaon Kingdom (Kumaoni/Hindi: कुमाऊँ राज्य) was a Himalayan kingdom ruled by Many Himalayan dynasties in the Kumaon region of present-day Uttarakhand state of India.
Kushwaha (sometimes, Kushvaha) is a community of the Indian subcontinent, which has traditionally been involved in agriculture (including beekeeping).
Lalitpur Metropolitan City (ललितपुर महानगरपालिका), historically Patan (पाटन Pātan, यल Yala, पाटन), is the third largest city of Nepal after Kathmandu and Pokhara and it is located in the south-central part of Kathmandu Valley which is a new metropolitan city of Nepal.
Lama ("chief" or "high priest") is a title for a teacher of the Dhamma in Tibetan Buddhism.
A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.
The Nepalese Police Force is the national police of Nepal.
The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.
Legislative assembly is the name given in some countries to either a legislature, or to one of its branch.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Second Constituent Assembly of Nepal (व्यवस्थापिका संसद) was the unicameral legislature of Nepal.
Lelep is a village development committee in the Himalayas of Taplejung District in the Mechi Zone of north-eastern Nepal.
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights in Nepal are one of the most progressive in Asia.
Lhasa Newar (alternate name: Lhasa Newah) refers to the expatriate Newar traders and artisans who traveled between the Kathmandu Valley and Tibet from centuries ago.
Lhotse (ल्होत्से;, lho rtse) is the fourth highest mountain in the world at, after Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Licchavi (also Lichchhavi, Lichavi) was an ancient kingdom in Nepal, which existed in the Kathmandu Valley from approximately 400 to 750 CE.
Limbu (Limbu: ᤕᤠᤰᤌᤢᤱ ᤐᤠᤴ, yakthung pān) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the Limbu people of eastern Nepal and India (particularly Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Sikkim, Assam and Nagaland) as well as expatriate communities in Bhutan, Burma, Thailand, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Canada and the US.
The Limbu (ᤕᤠᤰᤌᤢᤱ) (exonym) or Yakthung (endonym) are Kirati people indigenous and native to their homeland himalayas, hills, mountainous and plains regions of Limbuwan.
Limbuwan is an area of the Himalaya historically made up of 10 Limbu kingdoms, all now part of Nepal.
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.
Districts in Nepal are second level of administrative divisions after provinces.
The position of Prime Minister of Nepal (नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री; Nēpālakō pradhānamantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history.
Root vegetables are plant roots and tubers eaten by humans as food.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
The litre (SI spelling) or liter (American spelling) (symbols L or l, sometimes abbreviated ltr) is an SI accepted metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimetre (dm3), 1,000 cubic centimetres (cm3) or 1/1,000 cubic metre. A cubic decimetre (or litre) occupies a volume of 10 cm×10 cm×10 cm (see figure) and is thus equal to one-thousandth of a cubic metre. The original French metric system used the litre as a base unit. The word litre is derived from an older French unit, the litron, whose name came from Greek — where it was a unit of weight, not volume — via Latin, and which equalled approximately 0.831 litres. The litre was also used in several subsequent versions of the metric system and is accepted for use with the SI,, p. 124. ("Days" and "hours" are examples of other non-SI units that SI accepts.) although not an SI unit — the SI unit of volume is the cubic metre (m3). The spelling used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures is "litre", a spelling which is shared by almost all English-speaking countries. The spelling "liter" is predominantly used in American English. One litre of liquid water has a mass of almost exactly one kilogram, because the kilogram was originally defined in 1795 as the mass of one cubic decimetre of water at the temperature of melting ice. Subsequent redefinitions of the metre and kilogram mean that this relationship is no longer exact.
Little Buddha is a 1993 Italian-French-British drama film directed by Bernardo Bertolucci and starring Chris Isaak, Bridget Fonda and Keanu Reeves as Prince Siddhartha (the Buddha before his enlightenment).
The Mahabharata Range (महाभारत श्रृंखला mahābhārat shrinkhalā) – also called the Lesser Himalaya or the "Himachal"– is a major east-west mountain range with elevations 3,700 to 4,500 m (12,000 to 14,500 feet) along the crest, paralleling the much higher Great Himalaya range from the Indus River in Pakistan across northern India, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan but then the two ranges become increasingly difficult to differentiate east of Bhutan as the ranges approach the Brahmaputra River.
Lumbinī (Nepali and Sanskrit: लुम्बिनी, "the lovely") is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi District of Province No. 5 in Nepal.
Madhav Kumar Nepal (माधवकुमार नेपाल; born March 6, 1953)K.C., Surendra.
The term Madhesi people (मधेशी) is ambiguous.
Dhut magar (मगर भाषा Dhut magar bhasa) is a language spoken mainly in Nepal, Southern Bhutan, Darjeeling, India, and Sikkim, India, by the Magar people.
The Magars are one of the ethno linguistic groups of Nepal representing 7.13% of the Nepal's total population as per the census of 2011.
Mahālangūr Himāl (महालङ्गूर हिमाल, Mahālaṅgūra himāla) is a section of the Himalayas in northeast Nepal and south-central Tibet of China extending east from the pass Nangpa La between Rolwaling Himal and Cho Oyu, to the Arun River.
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (महेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह; 11 June 1920 – 31 January 1972) was King of Nepal from 1955 to 1972.
Maithili (Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Bihar and Jharkhand states of India and is one of the 22 recognised Indian languages.
Maithils (Tirhuta: মৈথিল, Devanagri: मैथिल), also known as Maithili people, are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group who speak the Maithili language and inhabit the Mithila region, which is now situated mainly in northern and eastern Bihar of India and some adjoining districts of the eastern Terai of Nepal.
Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world at.
Makalu is a village development committee in Sankhuwasabha District in the Koshi Zone of north-eastern Nepal.
The Malla Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Kathmandu c. 1201–1769.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Manang District (मनाङ जिल्ला, a part of Province No. 4, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal. The district, with Chame as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,246 km² and had a population (2011) of 6,538. The pass of Thorung La at 5415 meters above the sea connects the district to Mustang District by providing a route between the towns of Manang and Muktinath. Manang district gets least amount of rainfall among districts of Nepal as it lies to the north of the Himalayas which blocks monsoon air. The Manang Valley, which lies close to the Nepal-Tibet border, offers tremendous opportunities due to its rich natural flora and fauna. Three tracks start from here. The first, via Thorangla, Muktinath, and Mustang to Lhasa—a journey that takes four days; the second via Naur Khola and Naurgaon, which takes five days to Lhasa; and finally the third via Larkiya bazar, which is the one most commonly used by the people of Central Nepal. Along with the Marwaris who have migrated from India to Nepal in large numbers, the Manangies are the best known traders of Nepal. They have received special dispensation from the King to trade in South East Asia, and travel abroad with precious stones and metals, musk, herbs and other items. They import ready-made garments, watches and electronic goods. Many of the Manangies spend as much as six months away from home, returning only during the summers. Many of them reside in Kathmandu, where their children study in the English medium schools. The parents' lack of proficiency in the English language is irrelevant as it in no way affects their trading skills. Since the area was opened to outsiders in the late 1970s, many have switched from the traditional agriculture to hoteleering. The trail from Manang to Muktinath has been used by the locals for hundreds of years to transport huge herds of sheep and yak in and out of Manang. It is an important route for the people of the region. The northern parts of Manang Valley are dry, brown and desolate places, very different from the thick forests and brown green valleys of Sikkim and Eastern Nepal.
Manaslu (मनास्लु, also known as Kutang) is the eighth highest mountain in the world at above sea level.
Manjushree Thapa (मञ्जुश्री थापा), born in Kathmandu, is a Canadian essayist, fiction writer, translator and editor of Nepali descent.
The Marshyangdi (or Marsyangdi) (Nepali: मर्स्याङ्दी, marśyāṅdī) is a mountain river in Nepal.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.
Mechi (मेची अञ्चल was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restruction of zones to Provinces, comprising four districts; namely Ilam, Jhapa, Panchthar and Taplejung. Its headquarters are at Ilam. It comes under the Eastern Development Region of Nepal. The Indian state of Bihar is to the south, West Bengal and Sikkim in East and Tibet to the north. The largest town is Damak in the Terai. The majority of the population in Mechi are Kirantis (Limbu and Rai) and other ethnic groups like Koche and Meche, and hill castes like Bahun and Chhetris. Mechi is divided into four districts: Among the four districts, Jhapa is in the Terai and it is more developed than the other three districts. Ilam and Panchthar are in the hilly region. Ilam is also in a developing stage. Ilam is naturally very beautiful, with many tourists visiting Ilam annually. Kanyam is popular for its tea garden. At Antu the rising sun can be viewed. Panchthar is the least developed of the four districts. Taplejung is in the mountainous zone. There are two airports within Mechi: one in Bhadrapur and one in Taplejung.
The metric system is an internationally adopted decimal system of measurement.
Mha Pujā (Devanagari: म्हपुजा) is an annual ritual performed by the Newar people of Nepal to purify and empower the soul as part of New Year celebrations.
Military communications or military signals involve all aspects of communications, or conveyance of information, by armed forces.
A military operation is the coordinated military actions of a state, or a non-state actor, in response to a developing situation.
Mithila, also known as Tirhut and Tirabhukti, is a geographical and cultural region mainly located in the Indian state of Bihar.
Momo is a type of South Asian dumpling; native to Bhutan, Tibet, Nepal, and the Ladakh, Sikkim, Assam and Darjeeling regions of India.
Mongoloid is a grouping of all or some peoples indigenous to East Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, North Asia, South Asia, the Arctic, the Americas and the Pacific Islands.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Montane grasslands and shrublands is a biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund.
Morang District (मोरङ जिल्ला) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal.
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
Mudi, Nepal is a village development committee in Myagdi District in the Dhaulagiri Zone of western-central Nepal.
Mustang District (मुस्ताङ जिल्ला), a part of Province No. 4 in Dhawalagiri Zone of northern Nepal, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal.
Myagdi District(म्याग्दी जिल्ला, a part of Province No. 4, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal.The district, with Beni as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,297 km², had a population of 114,447 in 2001 and 113,641 in 2011.
Nanda Bahadur Pun (नन्दबहादुर पुन; born 23 October 1966), also known as Nanda Kishor Pun, is the second and the current Vice-President of Nepal, in office since 2015.
Narayanhiti Palace, or Narayanhiti Durbar (Nepali: नारायणहिटी दरवार) is a palace in Kathmandu, which long served as residence and principal workplace of the reigning Monarch of the Kingdom of Nepal.
Narchyang is a village development committee in Myagdi District in the Dhaulagiri Zone of western-central Nepal.
The National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा; Rastriya Sabha) is the upper house of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Nepal, the lower house being the House of Representatives.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Nepal Mandala (Devanagari: नेपाल मण्डल) is an ancient confederation marked by cultural, religious and political boundaries which lies in present-day central Nepal.
The Nepal national cricket team (नेपाल राष्ट्रिय क्रिकेट टिम), also known as The Rhinos, is governed by the Cricket Association of Nepal (CAN).
The Nepal national football team represents Nepal in international men's Football and is governed by the All Nepal Football Association (ANFA).
Nepal Era (नेपाल सम्बत Nepāl Sambat) is the national lunar calendar of Nepal.
Nepal Sanskrit University (formerly Mahendra Sanskrit University), established in December 1986, has its central office at Beljhundi in Dang district of mid western Development Region, Nepal, which is 13 km from the headquarters, Ghorahi.
Nepal Standard Time (NPT) is the time zone for Nepal.
The Nepalese Armed Forces are the military forces of Nepal.
The Nepalese Army (नेपाली सेना) or Gorkhali Army (गोर्खाली सेना) is the armed military land warfare force of Nepal available internationally and a major component of the Military of Nepal.
Nepal has no separate Air Force but flies several aircraft within the Nepalese Army Air Service, also known as the Nepal Army Air Wing (formerly Royal Nepalese Air Force).
The Nepalese Civil War was an armed conflict between the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-M) and the government of Nepal, fought from 1996 to 2006.
Constituent Assembly elections were held in Nepal on 19 November 2013.
Nepalese Muslims or Madhesi Islamics, (नेपाली मुसलमान) are people residing in Nepal who follow the religion of Islam.
The Nepalese Royal Massacre occurred on June 1, 2001, at a house on the grounds of the Narayanhity Royal Palace, the residence of the Nepalese monarchy.
The Nepalese rupee (रुपैयाँ, symbol: रु, Rs.; code: NPR) is the official currency of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
The Nepali Congress (नेपाली कांग्रेस; NC) is a social-democratic political party in Nepal.
Nepali known by endonym Khas-kura (खस कुरा) is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari.
Nepalese Sign Language or Nepali Sign Language is the main deaf sign language of Nepal.
Nepali Times (stylized as NEPALI Times) is an English weekly newspaper that provides reporting and commentary on Nepali politics, business, culture, travel and society in 16 pages.
Nepalis or Nepalese (नेपाली) also known as Gurkha or Gorkhali are citizens of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law.
The Netherlands national cricket team is administered by the Koninklijke Nederlandse Cricket Bond (Royal Dutch Cricket Association) which is based in Nieuwegein in the centre of the country and is older than many renowned cricket clubs in the West Indies, Australia, and New Zealand.
Newa art is the art form practiced over centuries by Newa people.
Newar Buddhism is the form of Vajrayana Buddhism practiced by the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.
Newar or Newari, also known as Nepal Bhasa (नेपाल भाषा), is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the Newar people, the indigenous inhabitants of Nepal Mandala, which consists of the Kathmandu Valley and surrounding regions in Nepal.
Newar (नेवार; endonym: Newa:; नेवा), or Nepami, are the historical inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic heritage and civilisation.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.
Nyatapola Temple is a 5-Roof (Nyata "ङाता".
A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams with international status, in which each team faces a fixed number of overs, usually 50.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nepal: Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state in South Asia.
The Paleogene (also spelled Palaeogene or Palæogene; informally Lower Tertiary or Early Tertiary) is a geologic period and system that spans 43 million years from the end of the Cretaceous Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Neogene Period Mya.
Pali, or Magadhan, is a Middle Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian subcontinent.
Panchayat (पञ्चायत) was the political system of Nepal from 1960 to 1990.
The Papua New Guinea national cricket team, nicknamed the Barramundis, is the team that represents the country of Papua New Guinea in international cricket matches.
A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
Parmanand Jha (परमानन्द झा; born 1946) is a Nepali politician who served as the first Vice President of Nepal from 23 July 2008 to 31 October 2015.
The Pashupatinath Temple (पशुपतिनाथ मन्दिर) is a famous and sacred Hindu temple complex that is located on the banks of the Bagmati River, approximately 5 kilometres north-east of Kathmandu in the eastern part of Kathmandu Valley, the capital of Nepal.
The 1990 People's Movement (जनआन्दोलन (Jana Andolan)) was a multiparty movement in Nepal that brought an end to absolute monarchy and the beginning of constitutional democracy.
Peter Matthiessen (May 22, 1927 – April 5, 2014) was an American novelist, naturalist, wilderness writer, zen teacher and CIA agent.
Phoksundo Lake, (फोक्सुण्डो ताल, NLK Phoksuṇḍo tāl), is an alpine fresh water oligotrophic lake in Nepal's Shey Phoksundo National Park, located at an elevation of above sea level in the Dolpa District.
Pokhara (पोखरा) is a metropolis, and is the largest city of Nepal in terms of area,http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-03-13/pokhara-lekhnath-becomes-largest-metropolitan-city.html and the second largest city in terms of population.
Pokhara University (PU or PoU पोखरा विश्वविद्यालय) was established in 1996 as Nepal's fifth university.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
The Prakrits (प्राकृत; pāuda; pāua) are any of several Middle Indo-Aryan languages formerly spoken in India.
The President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (नेपालको राष्ट्रपति, Nēpālakō rāṣṭrapati) is the head of state of Nepal and commander in chief of the Nepalese Armed Forces.
Prithivi Narayan Shah (1723–1775; पृथ्वीनारायण शाह) was the last King of Gorkha Kingdom and first one of Kingdom of Nepal (also called Kingdom of Gorkha).
Province 7, (proposed name: Far West, Sudur-Paschim Bhimdatta Pradesh), is one of the provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal which was adopted on 20 September 2015.
The Provinces of Nepal (नेपालका प्रदेशहरू Nepalka Pradeshaharu) were formed on 20 September 2015 in accordance with Schedule 4 of the Constitution of Nepal.
A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.
Public offices and most private businesses in Nepal operate six days a week and only close on Saturdays.
Purbanchal University (PU) is a public university in Biratnagar, the economic centre of Nepal.
Pushpa Kamal Dahal (पुष्पकमल दाहाल; born 11 December 1954), also known as Prachanda, is a Nepalese politician and one of the two chairmen of the Nepal Communist Party, formed by the union of Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist-Leninist) and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre).
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Aishwarya Rajya Lakshmi Devi Shah (ऐश्वर्या राज्य लक्ष्मी देवी शाह) (7 November 1949 – 1 June 2001) was the Queen of Nepal from 1972 to 2001 also referred as Bada Maharani.
The Khambu or Rai are indigenous ethnolinguistic groups of Nepal, the Indian State of Sikkim and Darjeeling Hills.
Ram Baran Yadav (रामवरण यादव; born 4 February 1948) is a Nepalese politician and physician who served as the First President of Nepal following the declaration of a republic in 2008.
Ram Raja Prasad Singh (राम राजा प्रसाद सिंह) (1936 – 12 September 2012) was a Nepalese politician.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Rana dynasty (राणा वंश; IAST:Rāṇā vanśa) is a Khas Rajput (Chhetri) dynasty and were autocratic leaders that ruled the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 A.D until 1951A.D, reducing the Shah monarch to a figurehead and making Prime Minister and other government positions hereditary.
The Rastriya Prajatantra Party (राष्ट्रिय प्रजातन्त्र पार्टी; translation: National Democratic Party; RPP) is a royalist political party in Nepal.
Rautahat District (रौतहट जिल्ला, a part of Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal. The district headquarter is Gaur,including municipalities like Garuda, Chapur, covers an area of 1,126 km² and had a population of 545,132 in 2001 and 686,722 in 2011. This district has a total of 101 VDCs and 3 municipalities. Among other districts, Rautahat has the largest percent of Muslims in Nepal, about 19.465% (106,111 persons in 2001).Sri Ram Sugar Mill is located in Garuda. and the famous hindu temple is in shivnager and the temple is run by giri family. Nunthar is a famous place for picnic and there is a temple of lord shiva which is located in pauria VDC bagmati.
Same-sex marriage is not recognized or performed in Nepal.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely (for more detail see legal definition).
The República, styled with an accented u, is a national daily newspaper published by Nepal Republic Media Pvt.
Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
Republic Day (गणतन्त्र दिवस) is a special day in the history of Nepal that commemorates the inception of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal on May 29, 2008.
Rhododendron (from Ancient Greek ῥόδον rhódon "rose" and δένδρον déndron "tree") is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout the highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America.
Rishi (Sanskrit: ऋषि IAST: ṛṣi) is a Vedic term for an inspired poet of hymns from the Vedas.
Rishikesh Shah (1925 – November 13, 2002) was a Nepalese writer, politician and human rights activist.
Sagarmāthā (सगरमाथा अञ्चल) was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restruction of zones to Provinces.
Samagaun is a village development committee in Gorkha District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal.
Same-sex marriage (also known as gay marriage) is the marriage of a same-sex couple, entered into in a civil or religious ceremony.
Samudragupta (CE) was the second ruler of the Gupta Empire and the son and successor of Chandragupta I. His rule was one of expansion marked first by the conquest of his immediate neighbours and then by campaigns to the east and the south where chiefdoms and kingdoms were subdued and forced to pay tribute to him.
Sankhuwasabha District (सङ्खुवासभा जिल्ला) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Sanskritisation (Indian English) or Sanskritization (American English, Oxford spelling) is a particular form of social change found in India.
Sarki/Mijar (सार्की) is a Khas occupational caste belonging to shoemakers and leather workers.
Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka (सयौं थुँगा फूलका "Made of Hundreds of Flowers") is the national anthem of Nepal.
Science education is the field concerned with sharing science content and process with individuals not traditionally considered part of the scientific community.
A secular state is an idea pertaining to secularism, whereby a state is or purports to be officially neutral in matters of religion, supporting neither religion nor irreligion.
Secularity (adjective form secular, from Latin saeculum meaning "worldly", "of a generation", "temporal", or a span of about 100 years) is the state of being separate from religion, or of not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
Seven Years in Tibet is a 1997 American biographical war drama film based on the 1952 book of the same name written by Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer on his experiences in Tibet between 1944 and 1951 during World War II, the interim period, and the Chinese People's Liberation Army's invasion of Tibet in 1950.
Shah dynasty (शाह वंश) was the ruling Thakuri dynasty of the Gorkha Kingdom from 1559 to 1768, the growing Nepalese Empire and finally of the Kingdom of Nepal from 1768 to 28 May 2008.
Shaivism (Śaivam) (Devanagari: शैव संप्रदाय) (Bengali: শৈব) (Tamil: சைவம்) (Telugu: శైవ సాంప్రదాయం) (Kannada:ಶೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯ) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being.
The Shakya (Sanskrit:, Devanagari: शाक्य; Pali:,, or) were a clan of the late Vedic India (c. 1000 – c. 500 BCE) and during the so-called second urbanisation period (c. 600 – c. 200 BCE) in the Indian subcontinent (present-day nations of India and Nepal).
Sherpa (also Sharpa, Xiaerba, Sherwa) is a language spoken in Nepal and the Indian state of Sikkim, mainly by the Sherpa community.
Sherpa is one of the major ethnic groups native to the most mountainous regions of Nepal, as well as certain areas of China, Bhutan, India, and the Himalayas.
Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism.
Siddha (Tamil "great thinker/wise man"; Sanskrit, "perfected one") is a term that is used widely in Indian religions and culture.
Sikkim is a state in Northeast India.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
The Sino-Nepalese War (नेपाल-चीन युद्ध), also known as the Sino-Gorkha war, was an invasion of Tibet by Nepal from 1788-1792.
Sita (pronounced, Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness.
The Sivalik Hills is a mountain range of the outer Himalayas.
The Skanda Purana (IAST: Skanda Purāṇa) is the largest Mahāpurāṇa, a genre of eighteen Hindu religious texts.
Solukhumbu District (सोलुखुम्बु जिल्ला, Sherpa: Wylie: shar khum bu dzong kha), is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of nations in South Asia.
Stone inscriptions in the Kathmandu Valley refer to ancient stone slabs, pillars and pedestals with text carved on them.
A stupa (Sanskrit: "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns) that is used as a place of meditation.
The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.
The Sunuwar (Nepali: सुनुवार जाति Sunuwār Jāti) is an indigenous tribe from Nepal and some areas of India.
Sunuwar, or Kõinch (other spellings are Koinch and Koincha), is a Kiranti language spoken in Nepal by the Sunuwar people.
The Supreme Court of Nepal (सर्वोच्च अदालत) is the highest court in Nepal.
Swanti (Devanagari: स्वन्ति) is a five-day festival of Nepal which is one of the year's greatest celebrations for the Newar people.
Tamang (Devanagari: तामाङ; tāmāng) is a term used to collectively refer to a dialect cluster spoken mainly in Nepal, Sikkim, West Bengal (Mainly Darjeeling Districts - पश्चिम बङ्गाल राज्यको दार्जीलिङ जिल्लाको बिभिन्न भूभाग), some parts of Assam and North East Region.
The Tamang (Devnagari: तामाङ; tāmāng) are the largest Tibeto-Burman ethnic group within Nepal and traditionally Buddhist by religion.
Tapas is a Sanskrit word that means "to heat".
Taplejung District (ताप्लेजुङ जिल्ला is the Mountain district out of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district covers. The 2011 census counted 127,461 population. Taplejung is the district headquarters The name Taplejung is derived from the name Taple and the word jung. Taple was the medieval Limbu king who used to rule the area and jung in the Limbu language means fort. Literally, Taplejung means Fort of King Taple.
National Significant Numbers (NSN): eight digits STD Codes Achham 97 Arghakhanchi 77 Baglung 68 Bandipur 100 Banepa 11 Bardiya 84 Beni 69 Besisahar 66 Bhadrapur 23 Bhairawaha 71 Bhajani 91 Bhaktapur 1 Bharatpur 56 Bhairahawa 71 Bairghat 78 Bhimphedi 57 Bhojpur 29 Bidur 10 Biratnagar 21 Birgung 51 Birtamod 23 Butwal 71 Charikot 49 Chhotkram Nager 71 Dadheldhura 96 Damak 23 Damauli 65 Dang 82 Darchula 93 Dhading 10 Dhangadi 91 Dhankuta 26 Dharan 25 Dipayal 94 Dodharachadani 99 Doti 94 Duhabi 25 Gaighat 35 Gaur 55 Ghorahi 82 Gorkha 64 Guleria 84 Gulmi 79 Hetauda 57 Ilam 27 Inaruwa 25 Itahari 21 Jaleshwar 44 Janakpur 41 Kalaiya 53 Katari 35 Kathmandu 1 Khadbari 29 Khotang 36 Khusma 67 Krishnanagar 76 Lahan 33 Lalitpur 1 Lumbini 71 Lumjung 66 Mahendranagar 99 Malangawa 46 Myagdi 69 Nawalparasi 78 Nepalgunj 81 Okhaldhunga 37 Palpa 75 Panchthar 24 Parasi 78 Patan 1 Phidim 24 Pokhara 61 Rajbiraj 31 Rajpur 84 Ramechap 48 Rangeli 21 Rasuwa 10 Sandikharka 77 Sankhuwasava 29 Simra 53 Sindhuli 47 Siraha 33 Surkhet 83 Syanja 63 Tandi 56 Tansen 75 Taplejung 24 Taulihawa 76 Terathum 26 Tikapur 91 Tribeni 78 Trishuli 10 Tulsipur 82 Udaipur 35 Jharkhand.
Teli is a caste traditionally occupied in the pressing of oil in India, Nepal and Pakistan.
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest is a temperate climate terrestrial biome, with broadleaf tree ecoregions, and with conifer and broadleaf tree mixed coniferous forest ecoregions.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
Temperate coniferous forest is a terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world with warm summers and cool winters and adequate rainfall to sustain a forest.
The Terai (तराई तराइ) is a lowland region in southern Nepal and northern India that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Siwalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands is a narrow lowland ecoregion at the base of the Himalayas, about wide, and a continuation of the Gangetic Plain.
The Thakali are an ethnolinguistic group originated from the Thak Khola region of the Mustang District in the Dhaulagiri zone of Nepal.
Thakuri (ठकुरी) is a caste among the Nepali people.
The Tharu (Tharu: थारु, थरुवा) or Tharuhat (थरुहट) languages are any of the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by the Tharu people of the Terai region in Nepal, and neighboring regions of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India.
The Tharu people are an ethnic group indigenous to the southern foothills of the Himalayas; most of the Tharu people live in the Nepal Terai.
Tharuwan is also the homeland of Tharu people in Madhesh region of Nepal.
The Golden Child is a 1986 American fantasy comedy film directed by Michael Ritchie and starring Eddie Murphy as Chandler Jarrell, who is informed that he is "The Chosen One" and is destined to save "The Golden Child", the savior of all humankind.
The Himalayan Times is an English-language newspaper distributed in Nepal, published by International Media Network Nepal Pvt.
The Mountain Is Young is the fourth novel by Chinese-Flemish author Han Suyin.
The Snow Leopard is a 1978 book by Peter Matthiessen.
Third gender or third sex is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves or by society, as neither man nor woman.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
The Tibetan diaspora is a term used to refer to the communities of Tibetan people living outside their original homeland of Tibet.
The Tibetan Plateau, also known in China as the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau or the Qing–Zang Plateau or Himalayan Plateau, is a vast elevated plateau in Central Asia and East Asia, covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai in western China, as well as part of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
The Tibetic languages are a cluster of Sino-Tibetan languages descended from Old Tibetan, spoken across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering the Indian subcontinent, including the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas in Baltistan, Ladakh, Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan.
The Tibeto-Burman languages are the non-Sinitic members of the Sino-Tibetan language family, over 400 of which are spoken throughout the highlands of Southeast Asia as well as certain parts of East Asia and South Asia.
Tihar (तिहार), also known as Deepawali and Yamapanchak or Swanti (स्वन्ती), is a five-day-long Hindu festival celebrated in Nepal and in the Indian states of Assam and Sikkim including in Darjeeling district of West Bengal.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tourism is the largest industry in Nepal and its largest source of foreign exchange and revenue.
The Treaty of Sugauli (also spelled Sugowlee, Sagauli and Segqulee), the treaty that established the boundary line of Nepal, was signed on 2December 1815 and ratified by 4 March 1816 between the East India Company and King of Nepal following the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16.
Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, more colloquially known as Tri-Chandra College, is a constituent campus of Tribhuvan University located in Ghantaghar, Kathmandu.
Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah(त्रिभुवन वीर विक्रम शाह), (June 23, 1903 – March 13, 1955) was King of Nepal from 11 December 1911 until his death (not considering his exile from 7 November 1950 to 18 February 1951).
Tribhuvan University (TU, त्रिभुवन विश्वविद्यालय) is a public university in Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Tribhuvan University International Cricket Ground or Kirtipur Cricket Ground or TU Cricket Ground is a cricket ground in Kirtipur just outside Kathmandu, Nepal.
Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests are a tropical forest biome.
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands are terrestrial biomes dominated by grass and/or shrubs located in semi-arid to semi-humid climate regions of subtropical and tropical latitudes.
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as jungle.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
A Twenty20 International (T20I) is a form of cricket, played between two of the international members of the International Cricket Council (ICC), in which each team faces twenty overs.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
Before the Shah dynasty took over Nepal, it was limited to the Kathmandu valley and surrounding territories which consisted of many kingdoms.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
Peacekeeping by the United Nations is a role held by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations as "a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict to create the conditions for lasting peace." It is distinguished from peacebuilding, peacemaking, and peace enforcement although the United Nations does acknowledge that all activities are "mutually reinforcing" and that overlap between them is frequent in practice.
The Upanishads (उपनिषद्), a part of the Vedas, are ancient Sanskrit texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts and ideas of Hinduism, some of which are shared with religious traditions like Buddhism and Jainism.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
UTC+05:45 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +05:45.
Vaisakha (వైశాఖ) Vaishakha (वैशाख) Boishakh or Baisakha(বৈশাখ) Vaikasi(வைகாசி) (Hindi: बैसाख) (Odia: ବୈଶାଖ)(बैशाख) is a month of the Hindu calendar that corresponds to April/May in the Gregorian Calendar.
The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.
The Vedic period, or Vedic age, is the period in the history of the northwestern Indian subcontinent between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation in the central Gangetic Plain which began in BCE.
The position of Vice President of Nepal (नेपालका उपराष्ट्रपतिहरू, Nēpālakā uparāṣṭrapatiharū) constitutes the deputy head of state of Nepal and was created when the Nepalese monarchy was abolished in May 2008.
Vikram Samvat (विक्रम सम्वत्, विक्रम सम्वत्) (abbreviated as V.S. (or VS) or B.S. (or BS))) (also called the Bikrami calendar or sometimes just Hindu calendar) is the historical Hindu calendar of India and Nepal. It uses lunar months and solar sidereal years. It is used as the official calendar in Nepal.
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar, black fever, and Dumdum fever, is the most severe form of leishmaniasis and, without proper diagnosis and treatment, is associated with high fatality.
In the study of language and literary style, a vulgarism is an expression or usage considered non-standard or characteristic of uneducated speech or writing.
The water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) or domestic Asian water buffalo is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China.
The Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows is an montane grasslands and shrublands ecoregion of Nepal, India, and Tibet, which lies between the tree line and snow line in the western portion of the Himalaya Range.
The Western Himalayan broadleaf forests is a temperate broadleaf and mixed forest ecoregion which is found in the middle elevations of the western Himalayas, including parts of Nepal, India, and Pakistan.
The Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests is a temperate coniferous forests ecoregion of the middle and upper elevations of the western Middle Himalayas of Nepal, India, and Pakistan.
Since 1914, the role of women in the military has been controversial, particularly their role in combat.
The ICC World Cricket League is a series of international one-day cricket tournaments for national teams without Test status (of Associate status), administered by the International Cricket Council.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
A world war, is a large-scale war involving many of the countries of the world or many of the most powerful and populous ones.
Xuanzang (fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.
Yadav refers to a grouping of traditionally mainly non-elite, Quote: "In southern Awadh, eastern North-Western Provinces, and much of Bihar, non-labouring gentry groups lived in tightly knit enclaves among much larger populations of non-elite 'peasants' and labouring people.
Yamphudin is a village development committee in the Himalayas of Taplejung District in the Mechi Zone of north-eastern Nepal.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
.np is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Nepal.
The 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake or 1934 Bihar–Nepal earthquake was one of the worst earthquakes in the history of Nepal and Bihar, India.
The 2006 Democracy Movement (translit) is a name given to the political agitations against the direct and undemocratic rule of King Gyanendra of Nepal.
The 2008 Sichuan earthquakeSome early Western reports used the term Chengdu quake; e.g.,,, etc.
The 2008 Summer Olympics summit of Mt.
Nepal conducted a widespread national census in 2011 by the Nepal Central Bureau of Statistics.
The 2012 ICC World Cricket League Division Four was a cricket tournament which took place from 3 to 10 September 2012.
The 2013 ICC World Cricket League Division Three was a cricket tournament which took place from 28 April to 5 May 2013 in Bermuda.
The 2014 ICC World Cup Qualifier was a cricket tournament to decide the final qualification for the 2015 World Cup.
The 2014 ICC World Cricket League Division Three was a cricket divisional tournament organised by International Cricket Council.
The 2014 ICC World Twenty20 was the fifth ICC World Twenty20 competition, an international Twenty20 cricket tournament, that took place in Bangladesh from 16 March to 6 April 2014.
The 2015 ICC World Cricket League Division Two was a cricket divisional tournament organised by the International Cricket Council.
The 2015–17 ICC Intercontinental Cup was the seventh edition of the ICC Intercontinental Cup, an international first-class cricket tournament between leading associate members of the International Cricket Council (ICC).
The 2015–17 ICC World Cricket League Championship was the second edition of the limited-overs version of the ICC Intercontinental Cup.
The 2018 ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier was a cricket tournament that took place during March 2018 in Zimbabwe.
2018 ICC World Cricket League Division Two was a cricket tournament that took place in February 2018 in Namibia.
The 26th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 26 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 31st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 31 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The meridian 80° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The meridian 89° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
Chiuri kharka, Crime in Nepal, Democratic Republic of Nepal, Doen tv, Etymology of Nepal, FDRN, Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Federal Nepal, Federal Republic of Nepal, ISO 3166-1:NP, NEPAL, Name of Nepal, Napol, Nepal Adhirajya, Nepala, Nepalese Republic, Nepali Republic, Nepaul, Nepol, Nēpāl Adhirājya, Peace zone, People of Nepalese origin, Republic of Nepal, Republic of nepal, Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl, State of Nepal, States of Nepal, The Kingdom of Nepal, Zone of peace, गणतन्त्र नेपाल, नेपाः, नेपाल, संघीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल, 尼.