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Index Neurogenesis

Neurogenesis is the process by which nervous system cells, known as neurons, are produced by neural stem cells (NSC)s, and it occurs in all species of animals except the porifera (sponges) and placozoans. [1]

44 relations: Adult neurogenesis, Astrocyte, Brain, Cellular differentiation, Central nervous system, Cerebral cortex, Dentate gyrus, Development of the nervous system, Drosophila melanogaster, Embryogenesis, Epithelium, Gene, Gliogenesis, Granule cell, Hippocampus, Interneuron, Lateral inhibition, Mammal, Medication, Mitosis, Nervous system, Neural stem cell, Neural tube, Neuroblast, Neuroepithelial cell, Neuron, Neurulation, Noogenesis, Notch signaling pathway, Olfactory bulb, Olfactory receptor neuron, Periglomerular cell, Placozoa, Primate, Radial glial cell, Regulation, Rodent, Rostral migratory stream, Spinal cord, Sponge, Striatum, Subventricular zone, Ventricular system, Ventricular zone.

Adult neurogenesis

Neurogenesis is the process by which neurons are generated from neural stem cells.

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Astrocytes (Astro from Greek astron.

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The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals.

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Cellular differentiation

In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process where a cell changes from one cell type to another.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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Cerebral cortex

The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.

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Dentate gyrus

The dentate gyrus is part of a brain region known as the hippocampus (part of the hippocampal formation).

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Development of the nervous system

Development of the nervous system refers to the processes that generate, shape, and reshape the nervous system of animals, from the earliest stages of embryogenesis to adulthood.

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Drosophila melanogaster

Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae.

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Embryogenesis is the process by which the embryo forms and develops.

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Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

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In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.

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Gliogenesis is the generation of non-neuronal glia populations derived from multipotent neural stem cells.

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Granule cell

The name granule cell has been used by anatomists for a number of different types of neuron whose only common feature is that they all have very small cell bodies.

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The hippocampus (named after its resemblance to the seahorse, from the Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse" from ἵππος hippos, "horse" and κάμπος kampos, "sea monster") is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates.

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An interneuron (also called internuncial neuron, relay neuron, association neuron, connector neuron, intermediate neuron or local circuit neuron) is a broad class of neurons found in the human body.

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Lateral inhibition

In neurobiology, lateral inhibition is the capacity of an excited neuron to reduce the activity of its neighbors.

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Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

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A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.

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In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.

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Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

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Neural stem cell

Neural stem cells (NSCs) are self-renewing, multipotent cells that generate the neurons and glia of the nervous system of all animals during embryonic development.

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Neural tube

In the developing chordate (including vertebrates), the neural tube is the embryonic precursor to the central nervous system, which is made up of the brain and spinal cord.

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A neuroblast or primitive nerve cell is a dividing cell that will develop into a neuron often after a migration phase.

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Neuroepithelial cell

Neuroepithelial cells are the "stem cells" of the nervous system, deriving from actual stem cells in several different stages of neural development.

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A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.

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Neurulation refers to the folding process in vertebrate embryos, which includes the transformation of the neural plate into the neural tube.

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Noogenesis (Ancient Greek: νοῦς.

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Notch signaling pathway

The Notch signaling pathway is a highly conserved cell signaling system present in most multicellular organisms.

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Olfactory bulb

The olfactory bulb (bulbus olfactorius) is a neural structure of the vertebrate forebrain involved in olfaction, the sense of smell.

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Olfactory receptor neuron

An olfactory receptor neuron (ORN), also called an olfactory sensory neuron (OSN), is a transduction cell within the olfactory system.

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Periglomerular cell

Periglomerular cells mediate lateral inhibition in the olfactory system together with granule cells.

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The Placozoa are a basal form of free-living (non-parasitic) multicellular organism.

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A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").

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Radial glial cell

Radial glial cells are bipolar-shaped cells that span the width of the cortex in the developing vertebrate central nervous system (CNS) and serve as primary progenitor cells capable of generating neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes.

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Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.

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Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.

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Rostral migratory stream

The rostral migratory stream (RMS) is a specialized migratory route found in the brain of some animals along which neuronal precursors that originated in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the brain migrate to reach the main olfactory bulb (OB).

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Spinal cord

The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.

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Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa clade as sister of the Diploblasts.

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The striatum, or corpus striatum (also called the neostriatum and the striate nucleus) is a nucleus (a cluster of neurons) in the subcortical basal ganglia of the forebrain.

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Subventricular zone

The subventricular zone (SVZ) is a term used to describe both embryonic and adult neural tissues in the vertebrate central nervous system (CNS).

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Ventricular system

The ventricular system is a set of four interconnected cavities (ventricles) in the brain, where the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced.

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Ventricular zone

In vertebrate organisms, the ventricular zone (VZ) is a transient embryonic layer of tissue containing neural stem cells, principally radial glial cells, of the central nervous system (CNS).

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurogenesis

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