99 relations: Anger, Anterior cingulate cortex, Anxiety, Anxiety disorder, Arousal, Associative memory (psychology), Attention, Big Five personality traits, Bile, Bipolar disorder, Brain Research, Confounding, Core self-evaluations, Delayed gratification, Depression (mood), Dissociative identity disorder, Donald Prell, Eating disorder, Emic and etic, Entrepreneurship, Envy, Evolution, Evolutionary approaches to depression, Extraversion and introversion, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Fear, Four temperaments, Frustration, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Galen, Gene, Gene expression, Glucocorticoid, Gray's biopsychological theory of personality, Guilt (emotion), Hans Eysenck, Hippocampus, Hippocrates, Humorism, Hypochondriasis, Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, Industrial Revolution, Insular cortex, Internal consistency, Jealousy, Job performance, Job satisfaction, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Lewis Goldberg, Locus of control, ..., Loneliness, Major depressive disorder, Melancholia, Mental chronometry, Mental disorder, Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mood disorder, Negative affectivity, Neolithic, Neurosis, Neurotic Personality Questionnaire KON-2006, Neurotics Anonymous, New England, Normal distribution, Openness to experience, Personality disorder, Personality psychology, Prefrontal cortex, Psychological stress, Psychology, Psychometrics, Psychosis, Psychoticism, Reliability (statistics), Schizoaffective disorder, Schizophrenia, Scientific literature, Selection bias, Self-consciousness, Self-control, Self-efficacy, Self-esteem, Self-report inventory, Sensory processing sensitivity, Serotonin transporter, Shyness, Social anxiety disorder, Spandrel (biology), Standard deviation, Stressor, Substance use disorder, Temperament, Terror management theory, Trait theory, Twin study, Validity (statistics), West Coast of the United States, Worry, 5-HT1A receptor. Expand index (49 more) » « Shrink index
Anger or wrath is an intense negative emotion.
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is the frontal part of the cingulate cortex that resembles a "collar" surrounding the frontal part of the corpus callosum.
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear.
Arousal is the physiological and psychological state of being awoken or of sense organs stimulated to a point of perception.
In psychology, associative memory is defined as the ability to learn and remember the relationship between unrelated items.
Attention, also referred to as enthrallment, is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether deemed subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information.
The Big Five personality traits, also known as the five factor model (FFM), is a taxonomy for personality traits.
Bile or gall is a dark green to yellowish brown fluid, produced by the liver of most vertebrates, that aids the digestion of lipids in the small intestine.
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
Brain Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal focusing on several aspects of neuroscience.
In statistics, a confounder (also confounding variable, confounding factor or lurking variable) is a variable that influences both the dependent variable and independent variable causing a spurious association.
Core self-evaluations (CSE) represent a stable personality trait which encompasses an individual's subconscious, fundamental evaluations about themselves, their own abilities and their own control.
Delayed gratification, or deferred gratification, describes the process that the subject undergoes when the subject resists the temptation of an immediate reward in preference for a later reward.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Dissociative identity disorder (DID), also known as multiple personality disorder, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring personality states.
Donald B. Prell (born July 7, 1924) is a venture capitalist, author and futurist who created Datamation, the first magazine devoted solely to the computer hardware and software industry.
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
In anthropology, folkloristics, and the social and behavioral sciences, emic and etic refer to two kinds of field research done and viewpoints obtained: emic, from within the social group (from the perspective of the subject) and etic, from outside (from the perspective of the observer).
Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business.
Envy (from Latin invidia) is an emotion which "occurs when a person lacks another's superior quality, achievement, or possession and either desires it or wishes that the other lacked it".
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Evolutionary approaches to depression are attempts by evolutionary psychologists to use the theory of evolution to shed light on the problem of mood disorders.
The trait of extraversion–introversion is a central dimension of human personality theories.
In psychology, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) is a questionnaire to assess the personality traits of a person, this is not the same questionnaire as the Eysenck's personality Inventory or EPI which was an earlier instrument also produced by Hans Eysenck.
Fear is a feeling induced by perceived danger or threat that occurs in certain types of organisms, which causes a change in metabolic and organ functions and ultimately a change in behavior, such as fleeing, hiding, or freezing from perceived traumatic events.
The Four temperament theory is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic.
In psychology, frustration is a common emotional response to opposition, related to anger, annoyance and disappointment, frustration arises from the perceived resistance to the fulfillment of an individual's will or goal and is likely to increase when a will or goal is denied or blocked.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI (fMRI) measures brain activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow.
Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.
One of the most widely accepted theories in terms of biological models in psychology is the biopsychological theory of personality proposed by Jeffrey Alan Gray in 1970.
Guilt is a cognitive or an emotional experience that occurs when a person believes or realizes—accurately or not—that he or she has compromised his or her own standards of conduct or has violated a universal moral standard and bears significant responsibility for that violation.
Hans Jürgen Eysenck, PhD, DSc (4 March 1916 – 4 September 1997) was a German-born English psychologist who spent his professional career in Great Britain.
The hippocampus (named after its resemblance to the seahorse, from the Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse" from ἵππος hippos, "horse" and κάμπος kampos, "sea monster") is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates.
Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.
Humorism, or humoralism, was a system of medicine detailing the makeup and workings of the human body, adopted by Ancient Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers, positing that an excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids in a person—known as humors or humours—directly influences their temperament and health.
Hypochondriasis or hypochondria is a condition in which a person is excessively and unduly worried about having a serious illness.
The hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA axis or HTPA axis) is a complex set of direct influences and feedback interactions among three components: the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland (a pea-shaped structure located below the thalamus), and the adrenal (also called "suprarenal") glands (small, conical organs on top of the kidneys).
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
In each hemisphere of the mammalian brain the insular cortex (also insula and insular lobe) is a portion of the cerebral cortex folded deep within the lateral sulcus (the fissure separating the temporal lobe from the parietal and frontal lobes).
In statistics and research, internal consistency is typically a measure based on the correlations between different items on the same test (or the same subscale on a larger test).
Jealousy is an emotion; the term generally refers to the thoughts or feelings of insecurity, fear, concern, and envy over relative lack of possessions, status or something of great personal value, particularly in reference to a comparator.
Job performance assesses whether a person performs a job well.
Job satisfaction or employee satisfaction is a measure of workers' contentedness with their job, whether or not they like the job or individual aspects or facets of jobs, such as nature of work or supervision.
The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Psychological Association that was established in 1965.
Lewis R. Goldberg is an American personality psychologist and a professor emeritus at the University of Oregon.
In personality psychology, locus of control is the degree to which people believe that they have control over the outcome of events in their lives, as opposed to external forces beyond their control.
Loneliness is a complex and usually unpleasant emotional response to isolation.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Melancholia (from µέλαινα χολή),Burton, Bk.
Mental chronometry is the use of response time in perceptual-motor tasks to infer the content, duration, and temporal sequencing of cognitive operations.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
Mood disorder, also known as mood (affective) disorders, is a group of conditions where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.
Negative affectivity (NA), or negative affect, is a personality variable that involves the experience of negative emotions and poor self-concept.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Neurosis is a class of functional mental disorders involving chronic distress but neither delusions nor hallucinations.
The Neurotic Personality Questionnaire KON-2006 is a psychometric tool used for diagnosing personality dysfunctions that contribute to the development of neurotic disorders.
Neurotics Anonymous (N/A) is a twelve-step program for recovery from mental and emotional illness.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian or Gauss or Laplace–Gauss) distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution.
Openness to experience is one of the domains which are used to describe human personality in the Five Factor Model.
Personality disorders (PD) are a class of mental disorders characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating from those accepted by the individual's culture.
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and its variation among individuals.
In mammalian brain anatomy, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cerebral cortex which covers the front part of the frontal lobe.
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Psychometrics is a field of study concerned with the theory and technique of psychological measurement.
Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind that results in difficulties telling what is real and what is not.
Psychoticism is one of the three traits used by the psychologist Hans Eysenck in his P–E–N model (psychoticism, extraversion and neuroticism) model of personality.
Reliability in statistics and psychometrics is the overall consistency of a measure.
Schizoaffective disorder (SZA, SZD or SAD) is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal thought processes and deregulated emotions.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Scientific literature comprises scholarly publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the natural and social sciences, and within an academic field, often abbreviated as the literature.
Selection bias is the bias introduced by the selection of individuals, groups or data for analysis in such a way that proper randomization is not achieved, thereby ensuring that the sample obtained is not representative of the population intended to be analyzed.
Self-consciousness is a heightened sense of self-awareness.
Self-control, an aspect of inhibitory control, is the ability to regulate one's emotions, thoughts, and behavior in the face of temptations and impulses.
Self-efficacy is an individual’s belief in his or her innate ability to achieve goals.
Self-esteem reflects an individual's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.
A self-report inventory is a type of psychological test in which a person fills out a survey or questionnaire with or without the help of an investigator.
Sensory processing sensitivity (SPS) is a personality trait characterized by a high level of sensitivity to external stimuli.
The serotonin transporter (SERT or 5-HTT) also known as the sodium-dependent serotonin transporter and solute carrier family 6 member 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC6A4 gene.
Shyness (also called diffidence) is the feeling of apprehension, lack of comfort, or awkwardness especially when a person is around other people.
Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is an anxiety disorder characterized by a significant amount of fear in one or more social situations, causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some parts of daily life.
In evolutionary biology, a spandrel is a phenotypic characteristic that is a byproduct of the evolution of some other characteristic, rather than a direct product of adaptive selection.
In statistics, the standard deviation (SD, also represented by the Greek letter sigma σ or the Latin letter s) is a measure that is used to quantify the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of data values.
A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.
A substance use disorder (SUD), also known as a drug use disorder, is a condition in which the use of one or more substances leads to a clinically significant impairment or distress.
In psychology, temperament broadly refers to consistent individual differences in behavior that are biologically based and are relatively independent of learning, system of values and attitudes.
In social psychology, terror management theory (TMT) proposes a basic psychological conflict that results from having a self-preservation instinct, whilst realizing that death is inevitable and to some extent unpredictable.
In psychology, trait theory (also called dispositional theory) is an approach to the study of human personality.
Twin studies are studies conducted on identical or fraternal twins.
Validity is the extent to which a concept, conclusion or measurement is well-founded and likely corresponds accurately to the real world based on probability.
The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the coastline along which the contiguous Western United States meets the North Pacific Ocean.
Worry refers to the thoughts, images, and emotions of a negative nature in a repetitive, uncontrollable manner that results from a proactive cognitive risk analysis made to avoid or solve anticipated potential threats and their potential consequences.
The serotonin 1A receptor (or 5-HT1A receptor) is a subtype of serotonin receptor (5-HT receptor) that binds the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT).