239 relations: Act of Free Choice, Africa, Afro-Eurasia, Agathis, Agriculture, Allies of World War II, Alpine tundra, Americas, Amnesty International, Anno Domini, Antarctica, Arafura Sea, Araucaria, Australasia, Australia, Australia (continent), Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Austronesian languages, Austronesian peoples, Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Álvaro de Saavedra Cerón, Baliem Valley, Basilaki Island, Bat, Biak, Biak language, Biodiversity, Biogeography, Bird's Head Peninsula, Bird-of-paradise, Bismarck Archipelago, Bismarck Sea, Block grant, Bomberai Peninsula, Borneo, Cape York Peninsula, Casuarinaceae, Central Province (Papua New Guinea), Chimbu Province, Colonization, Coral reef, Coral Sea, Crown colony, Dani people, Dark skin, Digul, Dutch East Indies, Dutch Empire, East Melanesian Islands, East New Britain Province, ..., East Sepik Province, Eastern Highlands Province, Echidna, Ecoregion, Empire of Japan, Endemic warfare, Endemism, Enga Province, Ethnologue, Eucalyptus, Fakfak, Fly River, Frans Kaisiepo, Free Papua Movement, German Empire, German New Guinea, Glacier, Glossary of French expressions in English, Greenland, Guinea (region), Gulf of Carpentaria, Gulf of Papua, Gulf Province, Guns, Germs, and Steel, Halmahera, Headhunting, Hela Province, Highlands Region, Hunter-gatherer, Huon Peninsula, Indomalayan realm, Indonesia, Islands Region, Jacob Le Maire, Jakarta, Jakarta Globe, Jared Diamond, Java, Jayapura, Jiwaka Province, Jorge de Menezes, Judiciary of Indonesia, Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, Lake, Land bridge, Last Glacial Maximum, Last glacial period, Le Monde diplomatique, League of Nations, League of Nations mandate, List of divided islands, List of highest mountains of New Guinea, List of islands by area, List of islands by highest point, Lorentz National Park, Luís Vaz de Torres, Madang Province, Mainland, Majapahit, Malay Archipelago, Malay Peninsula, Malesia, Maluku Islands, Mamberamo River, Mangrove, Manokwari, Manus Province, Maritime Southeast Asia, Marsupial, Megawati Sukarnoputri, Melanesia, Milne Bay, Milne Bay Province, Momase Region, Monotreme, Montane ecosystems, Morning Star flag, Morobe Province, Mount Giluwe, Mount Wilhelm, Nagarakretagama, National Capital District (Papua New Guinea), Nature (journal), Netherlands New Guinea, New Britain, New Guinea, New Guinea Council, New Guinea Highlands, New Guinea mangroves, New Guinea singing dog, New Ireland (island), New Ireland Province, New Spain, New York Agreement, New Zealand, Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests, Nuku Muhammad Amiruddin, Nusantara, Oceania, Oro Province, Palynology, Papua (province), Papua New Guinea, Papua Region, Papuan languages, Papuan Peninsula, Papuan people, Paradisaea, Permaculture, Phalangeriformes, Pig, Pinophyta, Place name origins, Placentalia, Plate tectonics, Pleistocene, Podocarpus, Port Moresby, Portugal, Pre-Columbian era, Provinces of Indonesia, Puncak Jaya, Puncak Mandala, Puncak Trikora, Queensland, Rainforest, Raja Ampat Islands, Religion in Papua New Guinea, Residency (domicile), Richard Archbold, River ecosystem, Rodent, Sahul Shelf, Sandaun Province, Savanna, Schouten Islands, Seagrass, Sepik, Silviculture, Solomon Islands (archipelago), Solomon Sea, South West Pacific theatre of World War II, Southeast Asia, Southern Hemisphere, Southern Highlands Province, Spain, Sugarcane, Sulawesi, Sultanate of Tidore, Sumatra, Sundaland, Taiwan, Territory of New Guinea, Territory of Papua, Territory of Papua and New Guinea, The Advertiser (Adelaide), The Nature Conservancy, The Sydney Morning Herald, Tidore, Tidore language, Top End, Toponymy, Torres Strait, Trans Fly savanna and grasslands, Transmigration program, Treaty of Versailles, Tree fern, Tree line, Tropical rainforest, Uncontacted peoples, UNESCO, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Nations Temporary Executive Authority, Wallaby, Wallacea, West New Britain Province, West Papua (province), Western Highlands Province, Western New Guinea, Western Province (Papua New Guinea), Wetland, Willem Schouten, World Heritage site, World War I, World War II, World Wide Fund for Nature, Yñigo Ortiz de Retez, Yos Sudarso Island, 141st meridian east. Expand index (189 more) » « Shrink index
The Act of Free Choice (Penentuan Pendapat Rakyat, PEPERA, Determination of the People's Opinion), often disparagingly referred to as the "Act of No Choice", was a series of eight regional assemblies from July to August 1969 by which Indonesia asserts that the Western New Guinea population decided to relinquish their sovereignty in favor of Indonesian citizenship.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Afro-Eurasia (or Afroeurasia,Field, Henry. "", American Anthropologist, New Series Vol. 50, No. 3, Part 1 (Jul. - Sep., 1948), pp. 479-493. or Eurafrasia, or nicknamed the World Island) is a landmass which can be subdivided into Africa and Eurasia (which can be further subdivided into Asia and Europe).
Agathis, commonly known as kauri or dammar, is a genus of 22 species of evergreen tree.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alpine tundra is a type of natural region or biome that does not contain trees because it is at high altitude.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
The Arafura Sea lies west of the Pacific Ocean overlying the continental shelf between Australia and Indonesian New Guinea.
Araucaria (original pronunciation) is a genus of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Araucariaceae.
Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The continent of Australia, sometimes known in technical contexts by the names Sahul, Australinea or Meganesia to distinguish it from the country of Australia, consists of the land masses which sit on Australia's continental shelf.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
The Austronesian peoples are various groups in Southeast Asia, Oceania and East Africa that speak languages that are under the Austronesian language super-family.
The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, previously known as the North Solomons Province, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea.
Álvaro de Saavedra (d. 1529) was one of the Spanish explorers in the Pacific Ocean.
The Baliem Valley, also spelled Balim Valley and sometimes known as the Grand Valley, of the highlands of Western New Guinea, is occupied by the Dani people.
Basilaki Island (Moresby Island) is an island in the Louisiade Archipelago in Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea.
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
Biak is a small island located in Cenderawasih Bay near the northern coast of Papua, an Indonesian province, and is just northwest of New Guinea.
Biak (wós Vyak or "Biak language"; wós kovedi or "our language"; Indonesian: bahasa Biak), also known as Biak-Numfor, Noefoor, Mafoor, Mefoor, Nufoor, Mafoorsch, Myfoorsch and Noefoorsch, is an Austronesian language that has been classified as one of 41 languages of the South Halmahera-West New Guinea subgroup of Eastern Malayo-Polynesian Languages.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time.
The Bird's Head Peninsula (Indonesian: Kepala Burung, Vogelkop) or Doberai Peninsula is a large peninsula that makes up the northwest portion of the island of New Guinea and the major part of the Province of West Papua, Indonesia.
The birds-of-paradise are members of the family Paradisaeidae of the order Passeriformes.
The Bismarck Archipelago is a group of islands off the northeastern coast of New Guinea in the western Pacific Ocean and is part of the Islands Region of Papua New Guinea.
The Bismarck Sea (Bismarcksee) lies in the southwestern Pacific Ocean within the nation of Papua New Guinea.
In a fiscal federal form of government, a block grant is a large sum of money granted by the national government to a regional government with only general provisions as to the way it is to be spent, in contrast to a categorical grant, which has stricter and specific provisions on the way it is to be spent.
Bomberai Peninsula is located on the Western New Guinea region at the opposite south of the Bird's Head Peninsula in South East Asia.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
Cape York Peninsula is a large remote peninsula located in Far North Queensland, Australia.
The Casuarinaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants placed in the order Fagales, consisting of four genera and 91 species of trees and shrubs native to the Australia, Southeast Asia, Malesia, Papuasia, and the Pacific Islands.
Central Province is a province in Papua New Guinea located on the southern coast of the country.
Chimbu, occasionally spelled Simbu, is a province in the Highlands Region of Papua New Guinea.
Colonization (or colonisation) is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
The Coral Sea is a marginal sea of the South Pacific off the northeast coast of Australia, and classified as an interim Australian bioregion.
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
The Dani people, also spelled Ndani, and sometimes conflated with the Lani group to the west, are a people from the central highlands of western New Guinea (the Indonesian province of Papua).
Dark skin is a naturally occurring human skin color that is rich in eumelanin pigments and having a dark color.
The Digul is a major river in southern Papua province, Indonesia, on the island of New Guinea.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Dutch Empire (Het Nederlandse Koloniale Rijk) comprised the overseas colonies, enclaves, and outposts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies, mainly the Dutch West India and the Dutch East India Company, and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1815.
The East Melanesian Islands, also known as the Solomons-Vanuatu-Bismarck moist forests, is a biogeographic region in the Melanesia region of Oceania.
East New Britain is a province of Papua New Guinea, consisting of the north-eastern part of the island of New Britain and the Duke of York Islands.
East Sepik is a province in Papua New Guinea.
Eastern Highlands is a highlands province of Papua New Guinea.
Echidnas, sometimes known as spiny anteaters, belong to the family Tachyglossidae in the monotreme order of egg-laying mammals.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Endemic warfare is a state of continual or frequent warfare, such as is found in some tribal societies (but is not limited to tribal societies).
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
Enga is one of the provinces in Papua New Guinea (PNG).
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
Fakfak is a town in Indonesia and seat of the Fakfak Regency.
The Fly, at, is the second longest river in Papua New Guinea, after the Sepik.
Frans Kaisiepo (10 October 1921 – 10 April 1979) was the fourth Governor of the Papua Province and a National Hero of Indonesia (Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia).
The Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka - OPM) is an umbrella term for the independence movement established during 1965 in the West Papuan or West New Guinea territory which is currently being administrated by Indonesia as the provinces of Papua and West Papua, also formerly known as Papua, Irian Jaya and West Irian.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German New Guinea (Deutsch-Neuguinea) was the first part of the German colonial empire.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Around 45% of English vocabulary is of French origin, most coming from the Anglo-Norman spoken by the upper classes in England for several hundred years after the Norman Conquest, before the language settled into what became Modern English.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Guinea is a traditional name for the region of the African coast of West Africa which lies along the Gulf of Guinea.
The Gulf of Carpentaria is a large, shallow sea enclosed on three sides by northern Australia and bounded on the north by the Arafura Sea (the body of water that lies between Australia and New Guinea).
The Gulf of Papua is a 400 kilometer wide region on the south coast of New Guinea.
Gulf Province is a province of Papua New Guinea located on the southern coast.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (also titled Guns, Germs and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13,000 years) is a 1997 transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
Halmahera, formerly known as Jilolo, Gilolo, or Jailolo, is the largest island in the Maluku Islands.
Headhunting is the practice of taking and preserving a person's head after killing the person.
Hela is a province of Papua New Guinea.
Highlands Region is one of four regions of Papua New Guinea.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
Huon Peninsula is a large rugged peninsula on the island of New Guinea in Morobe Province, eastern Papua New Guinea.
The Indomalayan realm is one of the eight biogeographic realms.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
The Islands Region is one of four regions of Papua New Guinea (PNG) comprising the Bismarck Archipelago and north-eastern Solomon Islands Archipelago, located north-east of the mainland on eastern New Guinea island.
Jacob Le Maire (c. 1585, Antwerp or Amsterdam - 22 December 1616, at sea) was a Dutch mariner who circumnavigated the earth in 1615 and 1616.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
The Jakarta Globe is a daily online English language newspaper in Indonesia, launched on November 12, 2008.
Jared Mason Diamond (born September 10, 1937) is an American ecologist, geographer, biologist, anthropologist and author best known for his popular science books The Third Chimpanzee (1991); Guns, Germs, and Steel (1997, awarded a Pulitzer Prize); Collapse (2005); and The World Until Yesterday (2012).
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Jayapura (Kota Jayapura); is the provincial capital of Papua, Indonesia.
Jiwaka is a province of Papua New Guinea.
Jorge de Menezes (c. 1498 – 1537) was a Portuguese explorer, who in 1526–27 landed on the islands of Biak (Cenderawasih Bay), whilst he awaited the passing of the monsoon season, and on the northern coasts of the Bird's Head Peninsula, calling the region Ilhas dos Papuas.
The Judiciary of Indonesia comprises the Supreme Court of Indonesia and the Constitutional Court of Indonesia together with public courts, religious courts, administrative courts and military courts.
Kaiser-Wilhelmsland was part of German New Guinea (German: Deutsch-Neuguinea), the South Pacific protectorate of the German Empire.
A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake.
A land bridge, in biogeography, is an isthmus or wider land connection between otherwise separate areas, over which animals and plants are able to cross and colonise new lands.
In the Earth's climate history the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) was the last time period during the last glacial period when ice sheets were at their greatest extension.
The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.
Le Monde diplomatique (nicknamed Le Diplo by its French readers) is a monthly newspaper offering analysis and opinion on politics, culture, and current affairs.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.
This is a list of islands whose land is divided by one or more international borders.
This list of highest mountains of New Guinea shows all mountains on the island of New Guinea that are at least 3750 m high and have a topographic prominence of 500 m or more.
This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than and several other islands over, sorted in descending order by area.
This is a list of islands in the world ordered by their highest point.
Lorentz National Park is located in Papua, Indonesia formerly known as Irian Jaya (western New Guinea).
Luís Vaz de Torres (Galician and Portuguese), or Luis Váez de Torres in the Spanish spelling (born c. 1565; fl. 1607), was a 16th- and 17th-century maritime explorer of a Spanish expedition noted for the first recorded European navigation of the strait which separates the continent of Australia from the island of New Guinea, and which now bears his name (Torres Strait).
Madang is a province on the northern coast of mainland Papua New Guinea.
Mainland is a contiguous landmass that is larger and often politically, economically and/or demographically more significant than politically associated remote territories, such as exclaves or oceanic islands situated outside the continental shelf.
The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.
The Malay Archipelago (Malaysian & Indonesian: Kepulauan Melayu/Nusantara, Tagalog: Kapuluang Malay, Visayan: Kapupud-ang Malay) is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia.
The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Malesia is a biogeographical region straddling the Equator and the boundaries of the Indomalaya ecozone and Australasia ecozone, and also a phytogeographical floristic region in the Paleotropical Kingdom.
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.
The Mamberamo is a large river on the island of New Guinea, in the Indonesian province of Papua.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Manokwari is a town in Indonesia and the capital of the province of West Papua, at the western end of New Guinea.
Manus Province is the smallest province in Papua New Guinea with a land area of 2,100 km², but with more than 220,000 km² of water.
Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises what is now Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, and Timor Leste.
Marsupials are any members of the mammalian infraclass Marsupialia.
Diah Permata Megawati Setiawati Sukarnoputri, usually shortened to Megawati Sukarnoputri (born 23 January 1947), generally known as Megawati, is an Indonesian politician who served as president of Indonesia from 23 July 2001 to 20 October 2004.
Melanesia is a subregion of Oceania extending from New Guinea island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea, and eastward to Fiji.
Milne Bay is a large bay in Milne Bay Province, south-eastern Papua New Guinea.
Milne Bay is a province of Papua New Guinea.
Momase Region is one of four regions of Papua New Guinea.
Monotremes are one of the three main groups of living mammals, along with placentals (Eutheria) and marsupials (Metatheria).
Montane ecosystems refers to any ecosystem found in mountains.
The Morning Star flag (Indonesian: Bendera Bintang Kejora) was a flag used in a supplemental fashion on Netherlands New Guinea to the Flag of the Netherlands.
Morobe Province is a province on the northern coast of Papua New Guinea.
Mount Giluwe is the second highest mountain in Papua New Guinea at (Mount Wilhelm being the highest).
Mount Wilhelm (Wilhelmsberg) is the highest mountain in Papua New Guinea at.
The Nagarakretagama or Nagarakrtagama, also known as Desawarnana, is an Old Javanese eulogy to Hayam Wuruk, a Javanese king of the Majapahit Empire.
The National Capital District of Papua New Guinea is the incorporated area around Port Moresby, which is the capital of Papua New Guinea.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.
New Britain (Niu Briten) is the largest island in the Bismarck Archipelago (named after Otto von Bismarck) of Papua New Guinea.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
The New Guinea Council was a unicameral representative body formed in the Dutch colony of Netherlands New Guinea in 1961.
The New Guinea Highlands, also known as the Central Range or Central Cordillera, are a chain of mountain ranges and intermountain river valleys, many of which support thriving agricultural communities, on the large island of New Guinea.
The New Guinea mangroves is a mangrove ecoregion that covers extensive areas of the coastline New Guinea, the large island in the western Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
The New Guinea singing dog or New Guinea Highland dog (Canis lupus dingo or Canis familiaris) is a type of rare dog native to the New Guinea Highlands of the island of New Guinea.
New Ireland (Tok Pisin: Niu Ailan) or Latangai, is a large island in Papua New Guinea, approximately 7,404 km² in area with ca.
New Ireland Province, formerly New Mecklenburg (Neu-Mecklenburg), is the most northeastern province of Papua New Guinea.
The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Virreinato de la Nueva España) was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire, established by Habsburg Spain during the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
An Agreement signed by the Netherlands and Indonesia regarding the administration of the territory of West New Guinea.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of northern New Guinea.
Nuku Muhammad Amiruddin (1738–1805), also known as Prince Nuku or Sultan Nuku, was a sultan of Tidore.
Nusantara is a Javanese term for the Indonesian Archipelago.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
Oro Province, formerly (and officially still) Northern Province, is a coastal province of Papua New Guinea.
Palynology is the "study of dust" (from palunō, "strew, sprinkle" and -logy) or "particles that are strewn".
Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
Papua Region is one of four regions of Papua New Guinea.
The Papuan languages are the non-Austronesian and non-Australian languages spoken on the western Pacific island of New Guinea, and neighbouring islands, by around 4 million people.
The Papuan Peninsula, also known as the Bird's Tail Peninsula (see Bird's Head Peninsula), is a large peninsula in Papua New Guinea, southeast of the city of Lae, that makes up the southeastern portion of the island of New Guinea.
Papuan people are the various indigenous peoples of New Guinea and neighbouring islands, speakers of the Papuan languages.
The genus Paradisaea consists of seven species of birds-of-paradise (family Paradisaeidae).
Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles centered around simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems.
Phalangeriformes is a suborder of any of about 70 small- to medium-sized arboreal marsupial species native to Australia, New Guinea, and Sulawesi (and introduced to New Zealand and China).
A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
In much of the "Old World" (approximately Africa, Asia and Europe) the names of many places cannot easily be interpreted or understood; they do not convey any apparent meaning in the modern language of the area.
Placentalia ("Placentals") is one of the three extant subdivisions of the class of animals Mammalia; the other two are Monotremata and Marsupialia.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
Podocarpus is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family, Podocarpaceae.
(Tok Pisin: Pot Mosbi), also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea and the largest city in the South Pacific outside of Australia and New Zealand.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government (Daerah Tingkat I – level I region).
Puncak Jaya or Carstensz Pyramid (4,884 m) is the highest summit of Mount Jayawijaya or Mount Carstensz in the Sudirman Range of the western central highlands of Papua Province, Indonesia (within Puncak Jaya Regency).
Puncak Mandala (until 1963 Julianatop or Juliana Peak) is a mountain located in Papua, Indonesia.
Puncak Trikora, until 1963 Wilhelmina Peak, is a 4,730 or mountain in the Papua province of Indonesia on New Guinea.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
Located off the northwest tip of Bird's Head Peninsula on the island of New Guinea, in Indonesia's West Papua province, Raja Ampat, or the Four Kings, is an archipelago comprising over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals surrounding the four main islands of Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo, and the smaller island of Kofiau.
Religion in Papua New Guinea is predominantly Christian, with traditional animism and ancestor worship often occurring less openly as another layer underneath or more openly side by side Christianity.
Residency is the act of establishing or maintaining a residence in a given place.
Richard Archbold (April 9, 1907 – August 1, 1976) was an American zoologist and philanthropist.
The ecosystem of a river is the river viewed as a system operating in its natural environment, and includes biotic (living) interactions amongst plants, animals and micro-organisms, as well as abiotic (nonliving) physical and chemical interactions.
Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.
Geologically, the Sahul Shelf is part of the continental shelf of the Australian continent and lies off the coast of mainland Australia.
Sandaun Province is the north-westernmost province of Papua New Guinea.
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.
The Schouten Islands (Kepulauan Biak, also Biak Islands or Geelvink Islands) are an island group of Papua province, eastern Indonesia in the Cenderawasih Bay (or Geelvink Bay) 50 km off the north-western coast of the island of New Guinea.
Seagrasses are flowering plants (angiosperms) belonging to four families (Posidoniaceae, Zosteraceae, Hydrocharitaceae and Cymodoceaceae), all in the order Alismatales (in the class of monocotyledons), which grow in marine, fully saline environments.
The Sepik River is the longest river on the island of New Guinea, and after the Fly and the Mamberamo the third largest by volume.
Silviculture is the practice of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values.
The Solomon Islands are an archipelago in the western South Pacific Ocean, located northeast of Australia.
The Solomon Sea is a sea located within the Pacific Ocean.
The South West Pacific theatre, during World War II, was a major theatre of the war between the Allies and the Empire of Japan.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.
Southern Highlands is a province in Papua New Guinea.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes, is an island in Indonesia.
Sultanate of Tidore (Indonesian: Kesultanan Tidore, sometimes Kerajaan Tidore) was a sultanate in Southeast Asia, centered on the Spice Islands of Tidore, a rival of Sultanate of Ternate for control of the spice trade.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Sundaland (also called the Sundaic region) is a biogeographical region of Southeastern Asia corresponding to a larger landmass that was exposed throughout the last 2.6 million years during periods when sea levels were lower.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Territory of New Guinea was an Australian administered territory on the island of New Guinea from 1920 until 1975. In 1949, the Territory and the Territory of Papua were established in an administrative union by the name of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. That administrative union was renamed as Papua New Guinea in 1971. Notwithstanding that it was part of an administrative union, the Territory of New Guinea at all times retained a distinct legal status and identity until the advent of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. The initial Australian mandate was based on the previous German New Guinea, which had been captured and occupied by Australian forces during World War I. Most of the Territory of New Guinea was occupied by Japan during World War II, between 1942 and 1945. During this time, Rabaul, on the island of New Britain, became a major Japanese base (see New Guinea campaign). After World War II, the territories of Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union under the Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act (1945–46).
The Territory of Papua comprised the southeastern quarter of the island of New Guinea from 1883 to 1975.
The Territory of Papua and New Guinea was established by an administrative union between the Australian-administered territories of Papua and New Guinea in 1949.
The Advertiser is a conservative, daily tabloid-format newspaper published in the city of Adelaide, South Australia.
The Nature Conservancy is a charitable environmental organization, headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, United States.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
Tidore (Kota Tidore Kepulauan) is a city, island, and archipelago in the Maluku Islands of eastern Indonesia, west of the larger island of Halmahera.
Tidore is a North Halmahera language of Indonesia.
The Top End of Australia's Northern Territory is a geographical region encompassing the northernmost section of the Northern Territory, which aside from the Cape York Peninsula is the northernmost part of the Australian continent.
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
The Torres Strait is a strait which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea.
The Trans Fly savanna and grasslands are a lowland ecoregion on the south coast of the island of New Guinea in both the Indonesian and Papua New Guinean sides of the island.
The transmigration program (Transmigrasi, from Dutch, transmigratie) was an initiative of the Dutch colonial government, and later continued by the Indonesian government to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the country.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
The tree ferns are the ferns that grow with a trunk elevating the fronds above ground level.
The tree line is the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing.
Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.
Uncontacted people, also referred to as isolated people or lost tribes, are communities who live, or have lived, either by choice (people living in voluntary isolation) or by circumstance, without significant contact with modern civilization.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United Nations Temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA) / United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea (UNSF) was established during October 1962 in accord with General Assembly resolution 1752 as requested in Article two of the New York Agreement to administer the colony of West New Guinea.
A wallaby is a small- or mid-sized macropod found in Australia, New Guinea and New Zealand.
Wallacea is a biogeographical designation for a group of mainly Indonesian islands separated by deep-water straits from the Asian and Australian continental shelves.
West New Britain is a province of Papua New Guinea on the islands of New Britain.
West Papua (Papua Barat) is a province of Indonesia.
Western Highlands is a province of Papua New Guinea.
Western New Guinea, also known as Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and West Papua, is the part of the island of New Guinea (also known as Papua) annexed by Indonesia in 1962.
Western Province is a coastal province in southwestern Papua New Guinea, bordering the Indonesian province of Papua.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
Willem Cornelisz Schouten (– 1625) was a Dutch navigator for the Dutch East India Company.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
Yñigo Ortiz de Retez (''fl.'' 1545) was a 16th-century Spanish maritime explorer of Basque origin, who navigated the northern coastline of the Pacific–Melanesian island of New Guinea, and is credited with bestowing the island's name ("Nueva Guinea").
Pulau Yos Sudarso or Pulau Dolak is an island separated only by the narrow Muli Strait from the main island of New Guinea.
The 141st meridian east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Australasia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.