145 relations: American English, Americanization, Analog stick, Anglo-Frisian languages, Associated Press, Aussie, Australian English, Bach (New Zealand), Bank of English, Bologna sausage, Bro'Town, Cattle grid, Cell site, Cellular network, Chipseal, Clayton Mitchell (New Zealand politician), Collins English Dictionary, Colony of New Zealand, Controlled-access highway, Convenience store, Cooler, Cooper Tire & Rubber Company, Correction fluid, Cotton candy, Culture of New Zealand, Dag (subculture), Dairy (store), Dead end (street), Delicatessen, Devon (sausage), Drinking fountain, Drywall, Dunedin, Duvet, Early Modern English, English alphabet, English language, English language in southern England, Esky, Fauna, FBI Honorary Medals, Field (agriculture), Fiordland, First language, Fjord, Flip-flops, Flora, Frank Arthur Swinnerton, G-string, Generic trademark, ..., Germanic languages, Gram, Gravel, Gravel road, Haka, HarperCollins, Hiberno-English, High rising terminal, Highlighter, Hokey pokey (ice cream), Holiday cottage, Honeycomb toffee, Hyperbole, Ice cream, Ice pop, IETF language tag, International Organization for Standardization, Internet Standard, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 639-1, Isochrony, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, Kilogram, Kiwibank, KiwiRail, Language code, Latin script, Lexicography, Liquid Paper, List of dialects of the English language, Loanword, Macquarie Dictionary, Macron (diacritic), Major appliance, Marker pen, Massachusetts, Max Cryer, Māori language, Māori people, McDonald's, Meadow, Metric system, Metrication in New Zealand, Middle English, Milk bar, Mobile phone, New South Wales, New Zealand, New Zealand Company, New Zealand First, New Zealand humour, New Zealand Sign Language, New Zealanders, North Sea Germanic, Old English, Online Etymology Dictionary, Otago, Oxford spelling, Oxford University Press, Paddock, Pickup truck, Potato, Received Pronunciation, Reed Publishing, Regional accents of English, Rhode Island, Scots language, Scottish English, Second language, Shack, Soda shop, Southland, New Zealand, Speed bump, Swim briefs, Swimsuit, Taranaki, Terraced house, The Guardian, The New Zealand Herald, The Salvation Army, Thong (clothing), Tipp-Ex, Tonne, Townhouse, Townhouse (Great Britain), Trail mix, Treaty of Waitangi, Unified English Braille, University of Birmingham, University of Canterbury, University of Otago, Victoria (Australia), West Germanic languages, Wisconsin, Wite-Out. Expand index (95 more) » « Shrink index
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
In countries outside the United States of America, Americanization or Americanisation is the influence American culture and business have on other countries, such as their media, cuisine, business practices, popular culture, technology, or political techniques.
An analog stick (or analogue stick in UK English), sometimes called a control stick, joystick, or thumbstick is an input device for a controller (often a game controller) that is used for two-dimensional input.
The Anglo-Frisian languages are the West Germanic languages which include Anglic (or English) and Frisian.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Aussie or Ozzie is Australian slang for an Australian and less commonly, Australia.
Australian English (AuE, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language, used throughout Australia.
A bach (pronounced 'batch') ((also called a crib in the southern half of the South Island) is a small, often very modest holiday home or beach house in New Zealand. Baches are an iconic part of the country's history and culture, especially in the middle of the 20th century, where they symbolised the beach holiday lifestyle that was becoming more accessible to the middle class. Bach was thought to be originally short for bachelor pad, but actually they often tended to be a family holiday home. An alternative theory for the origin of the word is that is the Welsh word for small, although the pronunciation of the Welsh word is considerably different, as in the German name 'J S Bach'. Baches began to gain popularity in the 1950s as roads improved and the increasing availability of cars allowed for middle-class beach holidays, often to the same beach every year. With yearly return trips being made, baches began to spring up in many family vacation spots.
The Bank of English is a representative subset of the 4.5 billion words COBUILD corpus, a collection of English texts.
Bologna sausage, sometimes called baloney and known in South African English as polony, is a sausage derived from mortadella, a similar-looking, finely ground pork sausage containing cubes of pork fat, originally from the Italian city of Bologna.
bro'Town is a New Zealand adult animated comedy television series and sitcom.
A cattle grid (UK English) – also known as a stock grid in Australia; cattle guard in American English; and vehicle pass, Texas gate, or stock gap in the United States Southeast; or a cattle stop in New Zealand English – is a type of obstacle used to prevent livestock, such as sheep, cattle, pigs, horses, or mules from passing along a road or railway which penetrates the fencing surrounding an enclosed piece of land or border.
A cell site or cell tower is a cellular-enabled mobile device site where antennae and electronic communications equipment are placed — typically on a radio mast, tower, or other raised structure — to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network.
A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network where the last link is wireless.
Chipseal (also chip seal) is a pavement surface treatment that combines one or more layer(s) of asphalt with one or more layer(s) of fine aggregate.
Clayton Robert Henry Mitchell is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of New Zealand First.
The Collins English Dictionary is a printed and online dictionary of English.
The Colony of New Zealand was a British colony that existed in New Zealand from 1841 to 1907.
A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.
A convenience store or convenience shop is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, confectionery, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries, newspapers, and magazines.
A cooler, portable ice chest, ice box, cool box, chilly bin (in New Zealand), or esky (Australia) is an insulated box used to keep food or drink cool.
Cooper Tire & Rubber Company is an American company that specializes in the design, manufacture, marketing and sales of replacement automobile and truck tires, and subsidiaries that specialize in medium truck, motorcycle and racing tires.
A correction fluid or white-out is an opaque, usually white, fluid applied to paper to mask errors in text.
Cotton candy (also known as fairy floss in Australia and candy floss in South Africa, the UK, New Zealand and Ireland) is a form of spun sugar.
The culture of New Zealand is essentially a Western culture influenced by the unique environment and geographic isolation of the islands, and the cultural input of the indigenous Māori and the various waves of multi-ethnic migration which followed the British colonisation of New Zealand.
Dag is an Australian and New Zealand slang term, also daggy (adjective) and dagging (verb, to behave in a daggy way).
A dairy is a small owner-operated convenience store in New Zealand, licensed to sell groceries, milk, eggs, dairy products, perishables, newspapers and other staples during and after normal trading hours.
A dead end is a street with only one inlet/outlet.
A delicatessen or deli is a retail establishment that sells a selection of unusual or foreign prepared foods.
Devon is a type of manufactured meat product sold in Australia and New Zealand.
A drinking fountain, also called a bubbler (generic trademark) or water fountain, is a fountain designed to provide drinking water.
Drywall (also known as plasterboard, wallboard, gypsum panel, sheet rock, or gypsum board) is a panel made of calcium sulfate dihydrate (gypsum), with or without additives, typically extruded between thick sheets of facer and backer paper, utilized in the construction of interior walls and ceilings.
Dunedin (Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region.
A duvet is a type of bedding consisting of a soft flat bag filled with down, feathers, wool, silk or a synthetic alternative, and typically protected with a removable cover, analogous to a pillow and pillow case.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters, each having an uppercase and a lowercase form: The same letters constitute the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English in southern England (also, rarely, Southern English English, or in the UK, simply, Southern English) is the collective set of different dialects and accents of the English spoken in southern England.
Esky is an Australian brand of portable coolers.
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time.
The United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation instituted an Honorary Medals Program in 1989 as a way of recognizing "exceptional acts" by FBI employees and other law enforcement personnel working with the FBI.
In agriculture, a field is an area of land, enclosed or otherwise, used for agricultural purposes such as cultivating crops or as a paddock or other enclosure for livestock.
Fiordland is a geographic region of New Zealand in the south-western corner of the South Island, comprising the western-most third of Southland.
A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.
Geologically, a fjord or fiord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier.
Flip-flops are a type of sandal, typically worn as a form of casual wear.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
Frank Arthur Swinnerton (12 August 1884 – 6 November 1982) was an English novelist, critic, biographer and essayist.
A G-string is a type of thong, a narrow piece of fabric, leather, or satin that covers or holds the genitals, passes between the buttocks, and is attached to a waistband around the hips.
A generic trademark, also known as a genericized trademark or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name that, due to its popularity or significance, has become the generic name for, or synonymous with, a general class of product or service, usually against the intentions of the trademark's holder.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
The gram (alternative spelling: gramme; SI unit symbol: g) (Latin gramma, from Greek γράμμα, grámma) is a metric system unit of mass.
Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.
A gravel road is a type of unpaved road surfaced with gravel that has been brought to the site from a quarry or stream bed.
The haka (plural haka, in both Māori and English) is a traditional war cry, war dance, or challenge in Māori culture.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Hiberno‐English (from Latin Hibernia: "Ireland") or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the island of Ireland (including both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland).
The high rising terminal (HRT), also known as upspeak, uptalk, rising inflection, moronic interrogative, or high rising intonation (HRI), is a feature of some variants of English where declarative sentence clauses end with a rising-pitch intonation, until the end of the sentence where a falling-pitch is applied.
A highlighter is a type of writing device used to draw attention to sections of text by marking them with a vivid, translucent colour.
Hokey pokey is a flavour of ice cream in New Zealand, consisting of plain vanilla ice cream with small, solid lumps of honeycomb toffee.
A holiday cottage, holiday home, or vacation property is accommodation used for holiday vacations.
Honeycomb toffee, sponge toffee, cinder toffee or hokey pokey is a sugary toffee with a light, rigid, sponge-like texture.
Hyperbole (ὑπερβολή, huperbolḗ, from ὑπέρ (hupér, "above") and βάλλω (bállō, "I throw")) is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech.
Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert.
An ice pop is a water-based frozen snack.
An IETF language tag is an abbreviated language code (for example, en for English, pt-BR for Brazilian Portuguese, or nan-Hant-TW for Min Nan Chinese as spoken in Taiwan using traditional Han characters) defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) in the BCP 47 document series, which is currently composed of normative RFC 5646 (referencing the related RFC 5645) and RFC 4647, along with the normative content of the IANA Language Subtag Registry.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
In computer network engineering, an Internet Standard is a normative specification of a technology or methodology applicable to the Internet.
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.
Isochrony is the postulated rhythmic division of time into equal portions by a language.
The Journal of the International Phonetic Association (JIPA) is a peer-reviewed academic journal that appears three times a year.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
Kiwibank Limited is a subsidiary of the state-owned enterprise New Zealand Post Limited, New Zealand Superannuation and the Accident Compensation Corporation.
KiwiRail Holdings Limited is a New Zealand State-owned enterprise responsible for rail operations in New Zealand.
A language code is a code that assigns letters or numbers as identifiers or classifiers for languages.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
Lexicography is divided into two separate but equally important groups.
Liquid Paper is an American brand of the Newell Rubbermaid company marketed international that sells correction fluid, correction pens, and correction tape.
This is an overview list of dialects of the English language.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
The Macquarie Dictionary is a dictionary of Australian English.
A macron is a diacritical mark: it is a straight bar placed above a letter, usually a vowel.
A major appliance, or domestic appliance, is a large machine in home appliance used for routine housekeeping tasks such as cooking, washing laundry, or food preservation.
A marker pen, fineliner, marking pen, felt-tip marker, felt-tip pen, flow marker, texta (in Australia), sketch pen (in India) or koki (in South Africa), is a pen which has its own ink-source and a tip made of porous, pressed fibers such as felt.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
John Maxwell "Max" Cryer is a New Zealand television producer and presenter, radio broadcaster, entertainment producer, singer, cabaret performer and writer.
Māori, also known as te reo ("the language"), is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
McDonald's is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, California, United States.
A meadow is a field habitat vegetated by grass and other non-woody plants (grassland).
The metric system is an internationally adopted decimal system of measurement.
New Zealand started metrication in 1969 with the establishment of the Metric Advisory Board (MAB) and completed metrication on 14 December 1976.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
In Australia, a milk bar is a suburban local general store or café.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The New Zealand Company was a 19th-century English company that played a key role in the colonisation of New Zealand.
New Zealand First (Aotearoa Tuatahi), commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand.
New Zealand humour bears some similarities to the body of humour of many other English-speaking countries.
New Zealand Sign Language or NZSL (Te Reo Rotarota) is the main language of the Deaf community in New Zealand.
New Zealanders, colloquially known as Kiwis, are people associated with New Zealand, sharing a common history, culture, and language (New Zealand English).
North Sea Germanic, also known as Ingvaeonic, is a postulated grouping of the northern West Germanic languages, consisting of Old Frisian, Old English and Old Saxon and their descendants.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.
Otago is a region of New Zealand in the south of the South Island administered by the Otago Regional Council.
Oxford spelling (also Oxford English Dictionary spelling, Oxford style, or Oxford English spelling) is the spelling standard used by the Oxford University Press (OUP) for British publications, including its Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and its influential British style guide Hart's Rules, and by other publishers who are "etymology conscious", according to Merriam-Webster.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
A paddock has two primary meanings in different parts of the English-speaking world: a small enclosure for horses, and a grassland field used for grazing, often in a rotational system.
A pickup truck is a light-duty truck having an enclosed cab and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
Reed Publishing (NZ) Ltd, originally A. H. Reed Ltd and publishing under the imprint A. H. and A. W. Reed, is one of New Zealand's oldest publishers.
Spoken English shows great variation across regions where it is the predominant language.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.
A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.
A shack is a type of small, often primitive shelter or dwelling.
A soda shop, also often known as a malt shop (after malt, a sweet milkshake flavoring), is a business akin to an ice cream parlor and a drugstore soda fountain.
Southland (Murihiku) is New Zealand's southernmost region.
For other uses, see Speed bump (disambiguation). For the speed changes in cinematography, see Speed ramping. Speed bumps (or speed breakers) are the common name for a family of traffic calming devices that use vertical deflection to slow motor-vehicle traffic in order to improve safety conditions.
A swim brief or racing brief is any briefs-style male swimsuit such as those worn in competitive swimming and diving.
Swimwear is clothing designed to be worn by people engaging in a water-based activity or water sports, such as swimming, diving and surfing, or sun-orientated activities, such as sun bathing.
Taranaki is a region in the west of New Zealand's North Island, administered by the Taranaki Regional Council.
In architecture and city planning, a terraced or terrace house (UK) or townhouse (US) exhibits a style of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, where a row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New Zealand Herald is a daily newspaper published in Auckland, New Zealand, owned by New Zealand Media and Entertainment.
The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation structured in a quasi-military fashion.
The thong is a garment generally worn as either underwear or as a swimsuit in some countries.
Tipp-Ex is a brand of correction fluid and other related products (invented by Arun Entwistle) that is popular throughout Europe.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
A townhouse, or town house as used in North America, Asia, Australia, South Africa and parts of Europe, is a type of terraced housing.
In British usage, the term "townhouse" originally refers to the town or city residence, in practice normally in London, of a member of the nobility or gentry, as opposed to their country seat, generally known as a country house or, colloquially, for the larger ones, stately home.
Trail mix is a type of snack mix, specifically a combination of granola, dried fruit, nuts, and sometimes chocolate, developed as a food to be taken along on hikes.
The Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and Māori chiefs (Rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.
Unified English Braille Code (UEBC, formerly UBC, now usually simply UEB) is an English language Braille code standard, developed to permit representing the wide variety of literary and technical material in use in the English-speaking world today, in uniform fashion.
The University of Birmingham (informally Birmingham University) is a public research university located in Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
The University of Canterbury (Te Whare Wānanga o Waitaha; postnominal abbreviation Cantuar. or Cant. for Cantuariensis, the Latin name for Canterbury) is New Zealand's second oldest university.
The University of Otago (Te Whare Wānanga o Otāgo) is a collegiate university located in Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
Wite-Out is a registered trademark for a brand of correction fluid, originally created for use with photocopies, and manufactured by the BIC Corporation.
En-NZ, English in New Zealand, English language in New Zealand, Glossary of New Zealand English, NZ English, NZE, New Zealand English language, New Zealand Phrase, New Zealand Phrases, New Zealand Vowel Shift, New Zealand phrase, New Zealand phrases, New Zealand slang, New Zealander English, New Zeland English, New zild, Newzild, Southland R, Southland burr.