331 relations: Acta Diurna, Advertising, Advertising agency, Agence France-Presse, Agenda-setting theory, Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata, Al Jazeera, Alexis de Tocqueville, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Alhurra, All India Radio, American frontier, American Society of News Editors, Anadolu Agency, Ancient Rome, Arab culture, Arab Satellite Communications Organization, ARPANET, Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Assassination of John F. Kennedy, Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy, Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, Associated Press, Associated Press Television News, Assyria, Avviso, Barnard College, BBC Arabic Television, BBC News, BBC World Service, BBC World Service Television, Beat reporting, Beijing, Bernard Berelson, Bernhard Wolff, Blog, Bloomberg News, Boosterism, Breaking news, British Broadcasting Company, British Empire, Broadcasting, Bulgarian language, Bush v. Gore, Cambridge University Press, Caravanserai, Celtic languages, Central Intelligence Agency, Central News Agency (London), ..., Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, Charles-Louis Havas, China, China Central Television, Christoph von Scheurl, Circular reporting, Citizen journalism, CNN, CNN effect, CNN International, Coffeehouse, Cognate, Collapse of the World Trade Center, Collective memory, Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, Commercial broadcasting, Communications satellite, Communist Party of China, Concentration of media ownership, Confucius, Consumer, Cornish language, Courier, Crisis, Crusade for Freedom, Cultural imperialism, Culture of Vietnam, Cursus publicus, Czech language, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, Dibao (ancient Chinese gazette), Digital journalism, Disinformation, Dispositio, Dutch Republic, Early modern Europe, Economic development, Economic globalization, Economic integration, Economic statistics, Edict, Editing, Edo period, Edward Bernays, Edward R. Murrow, EFE, Egypt, Electrical telegraph, Embedded journalism, English language, Eurovision (network), Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging, Five Ws, Ford Foundation, Fourth Estate, Fox News, Free trade, Friedrich Ebert Foundation, Fugger, Gatekeeping (communication), Gazette, General Post Office, Germany Calling, Google News, Gossip, Government, Griot, Gulf War, Han dynasty, Hanseatic League, Havas, History of paper, History of printing, History of the world, Ho-Chunk, Holy Roman Empire, Hussein of Jordan, Hyperlink, Indian Rebellion of 1857, Indian Space Research Organisation, Information, Information overload, Information society, Information subsidy, Injury, Intelsat, Inter Press Service, International broadcasting, International Organization of Journalists, Internet, Iran hostage crisis, Israel–Jordan peace treaty, Israeli occupation of Southern Lebanon, Jessica Garretson Finch, Johann Carolus, Journalism, Journalism school, Journalist, Journalistic objectivity, Julius Caesar, Kabunakama, Kaiyuan Za Bao, Kamakura period, Kevin Carter, Keynesian economics, KGB, Khasi people, Kyodo News, La Poste (France), Lamoral II Claudius Franz, Count of Thurn and Taxis, Latin American debt crisis, Licensing Order of 1643, List of newspapers by circulation, List of the oldest newspapers, Lucy Maynard Salmon, MacArthur Foundation, MacBride report, Mail, Managing the news, Mass media, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, Media (communication), Media bias, Media coverage of the Gulf War, Media event, MENA (news), Mercure de France, Meskwaki, Michael Bloomberg, Michael Parenti, Michael Schudson, Middle English, Ming dynasty, Mobile phone, Moon landing, Mosque, MSNBC, Muhammad Ali of Egypt, NASA, Nation-building, National Association of Broadcasters, Nayirah testimony, Nazi Party, Netscape, New World Information and Communication Order, News agency, News aggregator, News Corporation, News values, News World Communications, Newspaper, Niccolò Machiavelli, Nick Ut, Nigerian Civil War, Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool, Normandy landings, Ofcom, Oklahoma City bombing, Old boy network, Online Etymology Dictionary, Online newspaper, Opinion, Ottoman Empire, Paper, Paul Reuter, Paywall, Público (Spain), Pew Research Center, Phan Thi Kim Phuc, Pharaoh, Philip I of Castile, Photojournalism, Polish language, Political warfare, Postal Service Act, Press Association, Press TV, Printing, Printing press, Product placement, Propaganda, Psychic driving, Public diplomacy, Public relations, Public sphere, Qatar, Radio, Radio 1212, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Radio Luxembourg, Radio Moscow, Radio Sawa, Reeve (England), Reichspost, Republic of Venice, Reuters, Robert E. Park, Roman Catholic Diocese of Graz-Seckau, Royal Road, RT (TV network), Russian language, Russian Revolution, Satellite Instructional Television Experiment, Semaphore line, Sensationalism, September 11 attacks, Sky News, Slavic languages, Slovak language, Socialist realism, Sociology of knowledge, Spring and Autumn Annals, Spring and Autumn period, Stamp Act 1712, Stanford University Press, Star TV (Asian TV networks), Statism, Statistics, Stock market, Strong objectivity, Sustainable development, Tabloid (newspaper format), Tabloid journalism, Taika Reform, Tang dynasty, Tanjug, TASS, Ted Turner, Telecommunication, Television, Terrorism, Testimony, Théophraste Renaudot, The Confusions of Pleasure, The Daily Telegraph, The Holocaust, The House of Fame, The Zero Hour (Japanese radio series), Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Timothy Brook, Tories (British political party), Toronto School of communication theory, Town crier, Transatlantic telegraph cable, Truth, Typesetting, Ulysses (novel), UNESCO, Unification Church, United Kingdom, United Nations Development Programme, United Press International, United States Agency for International Development, United States cable news, United States Information Agency, United States Office of War Information, United States presidential election, 2000, University of California Press, V-J Day in Times Square, Video news release, Voice of America, W. Alton Jones Foundation, War, Welsh language, Western Bloc, Western Union, Whigs (British political party), Witness, Wolffs Telegraphisches Bureau, Word of mouth, World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers, World Bank, World Summit on the Information Society, World Trade Organization, World War II, World Wide Web, Xinhua News Agency, Yahoo! News, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Zulu Kingdom, 24-hour news cycle. Expand index (281 more) » « Shrink index
Acta Diurna (Latin: Daily Acts sometimes translated as Daily Public Records) were daily Roman official notices, a sort of daily gazette.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
An advertising agency, often referred to as a creative agency, is a business dedicated to creating, planning, and handling advertising and sometimes other forms of promotion and marketing for its clients.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Agenda-setting theory describes the "ability to influence the importance placed on the topics of the public agenda".
The Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (ANSA) is the leading wire service in Italy, and one of the leaders among world news agencies.
Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.
Alexis Charles Henri Clérel, Viscount de Tocqueville (29 July 180516 April 1859) was a French diplomat, political scientist and historian.
Alfred Eisenstaedt (December 6, 1898 – August 23, 1995) was a German-born American photographer and photojournalist.
Alhurra (الحرة,The pronunciation differs depending on the variety of Arabic, for example,. "the Free One") is a United States-based public Arabic-language satellite TV channel that broadcasts news and current affairs programming to audiences in the Middle East and North Africa.
All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī ("Voice from the Sky") is the national public radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati.
The American frontier comprises the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in 1912.
The American Society of News Editors (ASNE) is a membership organization for editors, producers or directors in charge of journalistic organizations or departments, deans or faculty at university journalism schools, and leaders and faculty of media-related foundations and training organizations.
Anadolu Agency (Anadolu Ajansı, abbreviated AA) is a state-run international news agency of the Turkish government headquartered in Ankara, Turkey.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Arab culture is the culture of the Arabs, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea.
The Arab Satellite Communications Organization (often abbreviated as Arabsat) is a communications satellite operator in the Arab World, headquartered in the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Shot in the head as he watched the play, Lincoln died the following day at 7:22 a.m., in the Petersen House opposite the theater.
John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.
Martin Luther King Jr., an American clergyman and civil rights leader, was shot at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968.
On June 5, 1968, presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy was mortally wounded shortly after midnight PDT at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles.
The assassination of Yitzhak Rabin took place on 4 November 1995 (12th of Marcheshvan, 5756 on the Hebrew calendar) at 21:30, at the end of a rally in support of the Oslo Accords at the Kings of Israel Square in Tel Aviv.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Associated Press Television News, often abbreviated AP Television News or APTN, is a global video news agency operated by the Associated Press.
Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant.
Avvisi (plural: avvisi) were hand-written newsletters used to convey political, military, and economic news quickly and efficiently throughout Europe, and more specifically Italy, during the early modern era (1500-1700).
Barnard College is a private women's liberal arts college in New York City, New York, United States.
BBC Arabic Television is a television news channel broadcast to the Arab World by the BBC.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The BBC World Service, the world's largest international broadcaster, broadcasts radio and television news, speech and discussions in over 30 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, Internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, DAB, FM and MW relays.
BBC World Service Television, often abbreviated to WSTV (World Service Television), was the name of two BBC international satellite television channels between 1991 and 1995.
Beat reporting, also known as specialized reporting, is a genre of journalism that can be described as the craft of in-depth reporting on a particular issue, sector, organization, or institution over time.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Bernard Reuben Berelson (1912–1979) was an American behavioral scientist, known for his work on communication and mass media.
Bernhard Wolff (3 March 1811 – 11 May 1879) was a German media mogul.
A blog (a truncation of the expression "weblog") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries ("posts").
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
Boosterism is the act of promoting ("boosting") a town, city, or organization, with the goal of improving public perception of it.
Breaking news, interchangeably termed late-breaking news and also known as a special report or special coverage or news bulletin, is a current issue that broadcasters feel warrants the interruption of scheduled programming and/or current news in order to report its details.
The British Broadcasting Company Ltd (BBC) was a British commercial company formed on 18 October 1922 by British and American electrical companies doing business in the United Kingdom (and anxious to build sales of their products by ensuring that there were radio broadcasts to which their radio-buying customers could listen) and licensed by the British General Post Office.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
Bush v. Gore,, was a decision of the United States Supreme Court that settled a recount dispute in Florida's 2000 presidential election.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
A caravanserai was a roadside inn where travelers (caravaners) could rest and recover from the day's journey.
The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The Central News Agency was a news distribution service founded as Central Press in 1863 by William Saunders and his brother-in-law, Edward Spender.
The Charles Stewart Mott Foundation is a Private foundation founded in 1926 by Charles Stewart Mott of Flint, Michigan.
Charles-Louis Havas (5 July 1783 – 21 May 1858) was a French writer, translator, and founder of the first news agency Agence Havas (whose descendants are the Agence France-Presse (AFP) and the advertising firm Havas).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China Central Television (formerly Beijing Television), commonly abbreviated as CCTV, is the predominant state television broadcaster in the People's Republic of China.
Christoph von Scheurl (also: Christoph Scheurl; 11 November 1481 – 14 June 1542) was a German jurist, diplomat and humanist who became famous for arranging a humanistic friendship between Johann Eck and Martin Luther.
Circular reporting or false confirmation is a situation in source criticism where a piece of information appears to come from multiple independent sources, but in reality comes from only one source.
The concept of citizen journalism (also known as "public", "participatory", "democratic", "guerrilla" or "street" journalism) is based upon public citizens "playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing, and disseminating news and information."Bowman, S. and Willis, C. "" 2003, The Media Center at the American Press Institute.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The CNN effect is a phenomenon in political science and media studies which states that CNN's use of shocking images of humanitarian crisis' around the world compels U.S. policy makers to intervene in humanitarian situations they may not otherwise have an interest in.
CNN International (CNNI), simply referred to on the channel as CNN, is an international 24-hour English language cable, satellite, IPTV and digital terrestrial television channel that is operated by CNN.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
The Twin Towers of the World Trade Center (WTC) collapsed on September 11, 2001, as a result of being struck by two jet airliners hijacked by 10 terrorists affiliated with al-Qaeda, during the September 11 attacks.
Collective memory is the shared pool of knowledge and information in the memories of two or more members of a social group.
The Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is the journalism school of Columbia University.
Commercial broadcasting (also called private broadcasting) is the broadcasting of television programs and radio programming by privately owned corporate media, as opposed to state sponsorship.
A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relays and amplifies radio telecommunications signals via a transponder; it creates a communication channel between a source transmitter and a receiver at different locations on Earth.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
Concentration of media ownership (also known as media consolidation or media convergence) is a process whereby progressively fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.
Cornish (Kernowek) is a revived language that became extinct as a first language in the late 18th century.
A courier is a company that delivers messages, packages, and mail.
A crisis (from the Greek κρίσις - krisis; plural: "crises"; adjectival form: "critical") is any event that is going (or is expected) to lead to an unstable and dangerous situation affecting an individual, group, community, or whole society.
The Crusade for Freedom was an American propaganda campaign operating from 1950–1960.
Cultural imperialism comprises the cultural aspects of imperialism.
The cultural of Vietnam (Văn hóa Việt Nam The culture of Vietnam) is one of the oldest in Southeast Asia, with the ancient Bronze age Đông Sơn culture being widely considered one of its most important progenitors.
The cursus publicus (Latin: "the public way"; δημόσιος δρόμος, dēmósios drómos) was the state-run courier and transportation service of the Roman Empire, later inherited by the Byzantine Empire.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
Deutsche Presse-Agentur GmbH (DPA; German Press Agency) is a German news agency founded in 1949.
Dibao (Manchu: doolame araha boolara bithe), literally "reports from the residences", were a type of publications issued by central and local governments in imperial China.
Digital journalism also known as online journalism is a contemporary form of journalism where editorial content is distributed via the Internet as opposed to publishing via print or broadcast.
Disinformation is false information spread deliberately to deceive.
Dispositio is the system used for the organization of arguments in Western classical rhetoric.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
Early modern Europe is the period of European history between the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, roughly the late 15th century to the late 18th century.
economic development wikipedia Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.
Economic globalization is one of the three main dimensions of globalization commonly found in academic literature, with the two others being political globalization and cultural globalization, as well as the general term of globalization.
Economic integration is the unification of economic policies between different states through the partial or full abolition of tariff and non-tariff restrictions on trade taking place among them prior to their integration.
Economic statistics is a topic in applied statistics that concerns the collection, processing, compilation, dissemination, and analysis of economic data.
An edict is a decree or announcement of a law, often associated with monarchism, but it can be under any official authority.
Editing is the process of selecting and preparing written, visual, audible, and film media used to convey information.
The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.
Edward Louis Bernays (November 22, 1891 − March 9, 1995) was an Austrian-American pioneer in the field of public relations and propaganda, referred to in his obituary as "the father of public relations".
Edward R. Murrow (born Egbert Roscoe Murrow; April 25, 1908 – April 27, 1965) was an American broadcast journalist and war correspondent.
Agencia EFE, S.A. is a Spanish international news agency, the major multimedia news agency in Spanish language and the world's fourth largest wire service after the Associated Press, Reuters, and Agence France-Presse.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
An electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electrical signals, usually conveyed via dedicated telecommunication circuit or radio.
Embedded journalism refers to news reporters being attached to military units involved in armed conflicts.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Eurovision, founded 1954 in Geneva, Switzerland, is a television network that is part of the European Broadcasting Union.
The Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging (English: Federation of Dutch Trade Unions; FNV) is a federation of trade unions of the Netherlands.
The Five Ws (sometimes referred to as Five Ws and How, 5W1H, or Six Ws) are questions whose answers are considered basic in information gathering or problem solving.
The Ford Foundation is a New York-headquartered, globally oriented private foundation with the mission of advancing human welfare.
The Fourth Estate (or fourth power) is a segment of society that wields an indirect but significant influence on society even though it is not a formally recognized part of the political system.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
The Friedrich Ebert Foundation (German: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung; Abbreviation: FES) is a German political foundation associated with the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), yet independent of it.
Fugger is a German family that was a historically prominent group of European bankers, members of the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century mercantile patriciate of Augsburg, international mercantile bankers, and venture capitalists.
Gatekeeping is the process through which information is filtered for dissemination, whether for publication, broadcasting, the Internet, or some other mode of communication.
A gazette is an official journal, a newspaper of record, or simply a newspaper.
The General Post Office (GPO) was officially established in England in 1660 by Charles II and it eventually grew to combine the functions of state postal system and telecommunications carrier.
Germany Calling was a propaganda radio programme, broadcast by Nazi German radio to audiences in the United Kingdom and the United States during the Second World War.
Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by Google.
Gossip is idle talk or rumor, especially about the personal or private affairs of others; the act is also known as dishing or tattling.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
A griot, jali or jeli (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and/or musician.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Havas SA is a French multinational advertising and public relations company, headquartered in Paris, France.
Paper, a thin unwoven material made from milled plant fibers, is primarily used for writing, artwork, and packaging; it is commonly white.
The history of printing goes back to the duplication of images by means of stamps in very early times.
The history of the world is the history of humanity (or human history), as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies.
The Ho-Chunk, also known as Hoocąągra or Winnebago, are a Siouan-speaking Native American people whose historic territory includes parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Hussein bin Talal (الحسين بن طلال, Al-Ḥusayn ibn Ṭalāl; 14 November 1935 – 7 February 1999) reigned as King of Jordan from 11 August 1952 until his death.
In computing, a hyperlink, or simply a link, is a reference to data that the reader can directly follow either by clicking, tapping, or hovering.
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major uprising in India between 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bangalore.
Information is any entity or form that provides the answer to a question of some kind or resolves uncertainty.
Information overload (also known as infobesity or infoxication) is a term used to describe the difficulty of understanding an issue and effectively making decisions when one has too much information about that issue.
An information society is a society where the creation, distribution, use, integration and manipulation of information is a significant economic, political, and cultural activity.
An information subsidy is the provision of ready-to-use newsworthy information to the news media by various sources interested in gaining access to media time and space.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Intelsat, S.A. is a communications satellite services provider.
Inter Press Service (IPS) is a global news agency.
International broadcasting is broadcasting that is deliberately aimed at a foreign, rather than a domestic, audience.
The International Organization of Journalists (IOJ, Organisation internationale des journalistes) was an international press workers' organization based in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between Iran and the United States of America.
The Israel–Jordan peace treaty or in full "Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan" (הסכם השלום בין ישראל לירדן; transliterated: Heskem Ha-Shalom beyn Yisra'el Le-Yarden; معاهدة السلام الأردنية الإسرائيلية; Arabic transliteration: Mu'ahadat as-Salaam al-'Urdunniyah al-Isra'yliyah), sometimes referred to as Wadi Araba Treaty, was signed in 1994.
The Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon took place after Israel invaded Lebanon during the 1982 Lebanon War and subsequently retained its forces to support the Christian South Lebanon Army in Southern Lebanon.
Jessica Garretson Finch (August 19, 1871 – October 31, 1949) was an American educator, author, women's rights activist, founder of the Lennox School for girls, and founding president of Finch College.
Johann Carolus (1575−1634) was a German publisher of the first newspaper, called Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien (Account of all distinguished and commemorable news).
Journalism refers to the production and distribution of reports on recent events.
A journalism school is a school or department, usually part of an established university, where journalists are trained.
A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public.
Journalistic objectivity is a considerable notion within the discussion of journalistic professionalism.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Kabunakama (株仲間) were merchant guilds in Edo period Japan, which developed out of the basic merchants' associations known as nakama.
Kaiyuan Za Bao, or Kaiyuan Chao Bao, Bulletin of the Court, was an official publication which first appeared in the 8th century, during the Kaiyuan era.
The is a period of Japanese history that marks the governance by the Kamakura shogunate, officially established in 1192 in Kamakura by the first shōgun, Minamoto no Yoritomo.
Kevin Carter (13 September 1960 – 27 July 1994) was a South African photojournalist and member of the Bang-Bang Club.
Keynesian economics (sometimes called Keynesianism) are the various macroeconomic theories about how in the short run – and especially during recessions – economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total demand in the economy).
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.
The Khasi people, endonym, ("Children of the Seven Huts"), are an indigenous ethnic group of Meghalaya in north-eastern India, with a significant population in the bordering state of Assam, and in certain parts of Bangladesh.
is a nonprofit cooperative news agency based in Minato, Tokyo.
La Poste is a postal service company in France, operating in Metropolitan France as well as in the five French overseas departments and the overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
Lamoral II Claudius Franz, Count of Thurn and Taxis (14 February 1621 (baptized) – 13 September 1676) was a German nobleman and Imperial Postmaster.
The Latin American debt crisis (Crisis de la deuda latinoamericana) was a financial crisis that originated in the early 1980s (and for some countries starting in the 1970s), often known as the "lost decade", when Latin American countries reached a point where their foreign debt exceeded their earning power and they were not able to repay it.
The Ordinance for the Regulating of Printing also known as the Licensing Order of 1643 instituted pre-publication censorship upon Parliamentary England.
This is a list of paid daily newspapers in the world by average circulation.
This list of the oldest newspapers sorts the newspapers of the world by the date of their first publication.
Lucy Maynard Salmon (July 27, 1853 – February 14, 1927) was an American historian.
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is the 12th-largest private foundation in the United States.
Many Voices One World, also known as the MacBride report, was a 1980UNESCO publication written by the International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems, chaired by Irish Nobel laureate Seán MacBride.
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcards, letters, and parcels.
Managing the news refers to acts that are intended to influence the presentation of information within the news media.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
Maximilian I (22 March 1459 – 12 January 1519) was King of the Romans (also known as King of the Germans) from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death, though he was never crowned by the Pope, as the journey to Rome was always too risky.
Media are the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.
Media bias is the bias or perceived bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media in the selection of events and stories that are reported and how they are covered.
The Persian Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) and commonly referred to as the Gulf War, was a war waged by a United Nations-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
A media event, also known as a pseudo-event, is an event or activity conducted for the purpose of media publicity.
MENA or Middle East News Agency is a news agency based in Egypt.
The Mercure de France was originally a French gazette and literary magazine first published in the 17th century, but after several incarnations has evolved as a publisher, and is now part of the Éditions Gallimard publishing group.
The Meskwaki (sometimes spelled Mesquakie) are a Native American people often known to European-Americans as the Fox tribe.
Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born on February 14, 1942) is an American businessman, engineer, author, politician, and philanthropist.
Michael John Parenti (born 1933) is an American political scientist and cultural critic who writes on scholarly and popular subjects.
right Michael S. Schudson (born November 3, 1946) is Professor of Journalism in the Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Sociology.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
A Moon landing is the arrival of a spacecraft on the surface of the Moon.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas'ud ibn Agha (محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا; محمد علي باشا / ALA-LC: Muḥammad ‘Alī Bāshā; Albanian: Mehmet Ali Pasha; Turkish: Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa; 4 March 1769 – 2 August 1849) was an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who rose to the rank of Pasha, and became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottomans' temporary approval.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nation-building is constructing or structuring a national identity using the power of the state.
The National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) is a trade association and lobby group representing the interests of commercial and non-commercial over-the-air radio and television broadcasters in the United States.
The Nayirah testimony was a false testimony given before the Congressional Human Rights Caucus on October 10, 1990 by a 15-year-old girl who provided only her first name, Nayirah.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
Netscape is a brand name associated with the development of the Netscape web browser.
The New World Information and Communication Order (NWICO or NWIO) aka the MacBride Commission is a term that was coined in a debate over media representations of the developing world in UNESCO in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
A news agency is an organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations, such as newspapers, magazines and radio and television broadcasters.
In computing, a news aggregator, also termed a feed aggregator, feed reader, news reader, RSS reader or simply aggregator, is client software or a web application which aggregates syndicated web content such as online newspapers, blogs, podcasts, and video blogs (vlogs) in one location for easy viewing.
The original News Corporation or News Corp. was an American multinational mass media corporation headquartered in New York City.
News values, sometimes called news criteria, determine how much prominence a news story is given by a media outlet, and the attention it is given by the audience.
News World Communications Inc. is an international news media corporation.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance period.
Huỳnh Công Út, known professionally as Nick Ut (born March 29, 1951) is a Vietnamese American photographer for the Associated Press (AP) who works out of Los Angeles.
The Nigerian Civil War, commonly known as the Biafran War (6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970), was a war fought between the government of Nigeria and the secessionist state of Biafra.
The Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool (NANAP) was a cooperation system among news agencies of Non-Aligned countries, which lasted from 1975 to mid-1990s.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
The Office of Communications (Y Swyddfa Gyfathrebiadau), commonly known as Ofcom, is the UK government-approved regulatory and competition authority for the broadcasting, telecommunications and postal industries of the United Kingdom.
The Oklahoma City bombing was a domestic terrorist truck bombing on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States on April 19, 1995.
An old boy network, or society (also old boys' club), can refer to social and business connections among former pupils of male-only private schools.
The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.
An online newspaper is the online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone publication or as the online version of a printed periodical.
An opinion is a judgment, viewpoint, or statement that is not conclusive.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
Paul Julius Freiherr von Reuter (Baron von Reuter; 21 July 1816 – 25 February 1899) was a German-born, British entrepreneur who was a pioneer of telegraphy and news reporting.
A paywall is a method of restricting access to content via a paid subscription.
Público (Spanish for "Public") is a Spanish online newspaper.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
Phan Thị Kim Phúc (born April 2, 1963), referenced informally as the Napalm girl, is a Vietnamese-Canadian best known as the nine-year-old child depicted in the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph taken at Trảng Bàng during the Vietnam War on June 8, 1972.
Pharaoh (ⲡⲣ̅ⲣⲟ Prro) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BCE, although the actual term "Pharaoh" was not used contemporaneously for a ruler until circa 1200 BCE.
Philip I (22 July 1478 – 25 September 1506) called the Handsome or the Fair, was the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile.
Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that employs images in order to tell a news story.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
Political warfare is the use of political means to compel an opponent to do one's will, based on hostile intent.
The Postal Service Act was a piece of United States federal legislation that established the United States Post Office Department.
The Press Association (PA) is a multimedia news agency operating in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Press TV (stylised as PRESSTV) is a 24-hour English- and French-language news and documentary network affiliated with Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB).
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
Product placement, also known as embedded marketing, is a marketing technique in which references to specific brands or products are incorporated into another work, such as a film or television program, with specific promotional intent.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Psychic driving was a psychiatric procedure of the 1950s and 1960s in which patients were subjected to a continuously repeated audio message on a looped tape to alter their behaviour.
In international relations, public diplomacy or people's diplomacy, broadly speaking, is the communication with and dissemination of propaganda to the general public of foreign nations to establish a dialogue designed to inform and influence.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
The public sphere (German Öffentlichkeit) is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action.
Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.
Radio 1212 or Nachtsender 1212 was a black propaganda radio station operated from 1944 to 1945 by the Psychological Warfare Branch of the US Office of War Information (OWI) under the direction of CBS radio chief William S. Paley, who was based in London.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a broadcasting organization that broadcasts and reports news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East where it says that "the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed".
Radio Luxembourg was a multilingual commercial broadcaster in Luxembourg.
Radio Moscow (r), also known as Radio Moscow World Service, was the official international broadcasting station of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics until 1993.
Radio Sawa (راديو سوا) is a 24-hour 7-day-a-week Arabic language radio station broadcasting in the Arab world.
Originally in Anglo-Saxon England the reeve was a senior official with local responsibilities under the Crown, e.g., as the chief magistrate of a town or district.
Reichspost (Imperial Mail) was the name of the postal service of Germany from 1866 to 1945.
The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Robert Ezra Park (February 14, 1864 – February 7, 1944) was an American urban sociologist who is considered to be one of the most influential figures in early U.S. sociology.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Graz-Seckau (Dioecesis Seccoviensis, Diözese Graz-Seckau) is a diocese comprising the Austrian state of Styria.
The Royal Road was an ancient highway, part of the Silk Road and the Uttara Path built in ancient South Asia and Central Asia, reorganized and rebuilt by the Persian king Darius the Great (Darius I) of the first (Achaemenid) Persian Empire in the 5th century BCE.
RT (formerly Russia Today) is a Russian international television network funded by the Russian government.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
The Satellite Instructional Television Experiment or SITE was an experimental satellite communications project launched in India in 1975, designed jointly by NASA and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
A semaphore telegraph is a system of conveying information by means of visual signals, using towers with pivoting shutters, also known as blades or paddles.
Sensationalism is a type of editorial bias in mass media in which events and topics in news stories and pieces are overhyped to present biased impressions on events, which may cause a manipulation to the truth of a story.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Sky News is a 24-hour international multimedia news organisation based in the UK that started as a 24-hour television news channel.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Slovak is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, and Sorbian).
Socialist realism is a style of idealized realistic art that was developed in the Soviet Union and was imposed as the official style in that country between 1932 and 1988, as well as in other socialist countries after World War II.
The sociology of knowledge is the study of the relationship between human thought and the social context within which it arises, and of the effects prevailing ideas have on societies.
The Spring and Autumn Annals or Chunqiu is an ancient Chinese chronicle that has been one of the core Chinese classics since ancient times.
The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC) which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou Period.
The Stamp Act of 1712 (cited either as 10 Ann. c. 18 or as 10 Ann. c. 19The act is numbered as 10 Ann. c. 18 in The Statutes of the Realm (published 1810–25), based on the original Parliament Rolls; but as 10 Ann. c. 19 in Ruffhead's Statutes at Large (published 1763–65; and later editions), based on the copies of acts enrolled in Chancery. Both forms of citation are acceptable, and both are found in reputable secondary sources.) was an act passed in the United Kingdom on 1 August 1712 to create a new tax on publishers, particularly of newspapers.
The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.
Star TV, sometimes styled as "STAR TV" (standing for Satellite Television Asian Region), is an Asian TV service owned by 21st Century Fox.
In political science, statism is the belief that the state should control either economic or social policy, or both, to some degree.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.
Strong objectivity is a term coined by feminist philosopher Sandra Harding, known for her work on feminist standpoint theory.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
A tabloid is a newspaper with a compact page size smaller than broadsheet.
Tabloid journalism is a style of journalism that emphasizes sensational crime stories, gossip columns about celebrities and sports stars, extreme political views from one perspective, junk food news, and astrology.
The were a set of doctrines established by Emperor Kōtoku (孝徳天皇 Kōtoku-ennō) in the year 645.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Tanjug (/'tʌnjʊg/) (Танјуг) is a Serbian state news agency based in Belgrade.
Russian News Agency TASS (Informatsionnoye agentstvo Rossii TASS), abbr.
Robert Edward "Ted" Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media mogul and philanthropist.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
In law and in religion, testimony is a solemn attestation as to the truth of a matter.
Théophraste Renaudot (1586 – 25 October 1653) was a French physician, philanthropist, and journalist.
The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China is an influential Passim, but states that the book is "now-influential": "...
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The House of Fame (Hous of Fame in the original spelling) is a Middle English poem by Geoffrey Chaucer, probably written between 1379 and 1380, making it one of his earlier works.
was the first of over a dozen live radio programs broadcast by Japan during the Pacific War.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, in 1989.
Timothy James Brook (Chinese name: 卜正民; born January 6, 1951) is a Canadian historian, sinologist, and writer specializing in the study of China (sinology).
The Tories were members of two political parties which existed sequentially in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain and later the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from the 17th to the early 19th centuries.
The Toronto School is a school of thought in communication theory and literary criticism, the principles of which were developed chiefly by scholars at the University of Toronto.
A town crier, also called a bellman, is an officer of the court who makes public pronouncements as required by the court (cf. Black's Law Dictionary).
A transatlantic telegraph cable is an undersea cable running under the Atlantic Ocean used for telegraph communications.
Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard.
Typesetting is the composition of text by means of arranging physical typesDictionary.com Unabridged.
Ulysses is a modernist novel by Irish writer James Joyce.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Unification Church (UC), also called the Unification movement and sometimes colloquially the "Moonies", is a worldwide new religious movement that was founded by and is inspired by Sun Myung Moon, a Korean religious leader also known for his business ventures and support of social and political causes.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is an independent agency of the United States federal government that is primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid and development assistance.
Cable news channels are television channels devoted to television news broadcasts, with the name deriving from the proliferation of such networks during the 1980s with the advent of cable television.
The United States Information Agency (USIA), which existed from 1953 to 1999, was a United States agency devoted to "public diplomacy".
The United States Office of War Information (OWI) was a United States government agency created during World War II.
The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
V-J Day in Times Square (also V-Day and The Kiss) is a photograph by Alfred Eisenstaedt that portrays a U.S. Navy sailor grabbing and kissing a stranger—a woman in a white dress—on Victory over Japan Day ("V-J Day") in New York City's Times Square on August 14, 1945.
A video news release (VNR) is a video segment made to look like a news report, but is instead created by a PR firm, advertising agency, marketing firm, corporation, or government agency.
Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international radio broadcast source that serves as the United States federal government's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting.
The W. Alton Jones Foundation was a charitable foundation, and a sponsor of environmental causes.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
The Western Bloc during the Cold War refers to the countries allied with the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact.
The Western Union Company is an American financial services and communications company.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
A witness is someone who has, who claims to have, or is thought, by someone with authority to compel testimony, to have knowledge relevant to an event or other matter of interest.
Wolffs Telegraphisches Bureau (1849–1934) was founded by German Bernhard Wolff (1811–1879), editor of the Vossische Zeitung, and founder of the National Zeitung (1848-1938).
Word of mouth or viva voce, is the passing of information from person to person by oral communication, which could be as simple as telling someone the time of day.
The World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization made up of 76 national newspaper associations, 12 news agencies, 10 regional press organisations, and many individual newspaper executives in 100 countries.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was a two-phase United Nations-sponsored summit on information, communication and, in broad terms, the information society that took place in 2003 in Geneva and in 2005 in Tunis.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.
Yahoo! News is a news website that originated as an internet-based news aggregator by Yahoo!.
Zbigniew Kazimierz "Zbig" Brzezinski (March 28, 1928 – May 26, 2017) was a Polish-American diplomat and political scientist.
The Kingdom of Zulu, sometimes referred to as the Zulu Empire or the Kingdom of Zululand, was a monarchy in Southern Africa that extended along the coast of the Indian Ocean from the Tugela River in the south to Pongola River in the north.
The 24-hour news cycle (or 24/7 news cycle) is 24-hour investigation and reporting of news, concomitant with fast-paced lifestyles.
American current events, Australian Current Events, Australian current events, British and Irish current events, Current Events, Current Issues and Events, Current event, Current events, Currentevents, History of news, New Zealand current events, News Program, News Report, News coverage, News report, Newses, Odd news, The News, United States current events, United States:Current Events.