301 relations: Acta Diurna, Advertising, Advertising-free media, Advertorial, Advice column, Agah Efendi, Agence France-Presse, Al-Waqa'i' al-Misriyya, Alex Jones (journalist), Alliance for Audited Media, American Reporter, Amsterdam, Ancient Rome, Arabian Peninsula, Arabic, Architecture, Argumenty i Fakty, Article (publishing), Asahi Shimbun, Associated Press, August Zang, Avisa Relation oder Zeitung, Avviso, Émile de Girardin, İbrahim Şinasi, Baby boomers, Beat reporting, Benjamin Harris (publisher), Berliner (format), Beyoğlu, Bias, Bild, Boletín Oficial del Estado, Bookbinding, Bookselling, Boston Evening Transcript, Breaking news, Broadsheet, Business cycle, Business journalism, Business model, Byline, Cambridge University Press, Chicago Sun-Times, Christmas, Christmas Eve, Classified advertising, CMYK color model, Column (periodical), Columnist, ..., Comic strip, Constantin von Wurzbach, Content (media), Convenience store, Copy editing, Correio Braziliense, Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c., Cover date, Cox Enterprises, Craigslist, Crossword, Crowdsourcing, Data, Desktop computer, Die Presse, Digital camera, Digital divide, Digital journalism, Early modern Europe, EBay, Edition (book), Editor & Publisher, Editorial, Editorial cartoon, Editorial independence, El País, Electronic publishing, England, Entertainment journalism, Expatriate, Facebook, Fact checking, Feature story, Film, Financial Times, Fine art, Florida, Food column, Free imperial city, Free newspaper, Frequency, Gag cartoon, Galila Tamarhan, Gannett Company, Gay, Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro, Germany, Giro d'Italia, Global spread of the printing press, Globe (tabloid), Google News, Graphic designer, Graphics software, Great Recession, Grocery store, Guinness World Records, Haarlem, Haarlems Dagblad, Halifax Gazette, Han dynasty, Hearst Communications, Hejaz, Hicky's Bengal Gazette, History of Iran, Hollinger Inc., Holy Roman Empire, Homelessness, India Today, Indie rock, Industrial Revolution, Intellectual, Internet, James Augustus Hicky, Jerusalem, Joe Shea, Johann Carolus, John Bushell, Journalism, Journalist, Kaiyuan Za Bao, Khedive, Kojo Nnamdi, Kraków, L'Équipe, La Gazette (France), La Gazzetta dello Sport, La Presse (French newspaper), La Stampa, Landmark Media Enterprises, Laptop, Le Droit, Le Monde, Leipzig, Letter to the editor, Letterpress printing, Library, Lisbon, List of holidays by country, List of newspaper comic strips, List of newspapers in Canada, List of newspapers in the United Kingdom, List of newspapers in the United States, Lists of newspapers, Literacy, Literature, Local news, London, London Evening Standard, Los Angeles Times suburban sections, Mad (magazine), Magazine, Mail, Mainichi Shimbun, Media proprietor, Medical journalism, Merkuriusz Polski Ordynaryjny, Metonymy, Middle East, Millennials, Ming dynasty, Mirza Saleh Shirazi, Morris Communications, Muhammad Ali of Egypt, Mumbai, Nathaniel Butter, National Digital Newspaper Program, National Enquirer, Netflix, New York Post, News, News agency, News aggregator, News bureau, News Corporation, News magazine, Newsagent's shop, Newsnight, Newspaper, Newspaper circulation, Newspaper display advertising, Newspaper of record, Newspaper Research Journal, Newsprint, Obituary, OECD, Offset printing, Ombudsman, Online advertising, Online newspaper, Op-ed, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman Turkish language, Page layout, Paper, Paperboy, Paywall, Pennsylvania Evening Post, Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Penny press, Periodical literature, Personalization, Pew Research Center, Plagiarism, Political journalism, Post- och Inrikes Tidningar, Poverty, Prepress, Press Complaints Commission, Press release, Print on demand, Printer (publishing), Printing, Printing press, Proofreading, Publication, Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, Publishing, Quebec, Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph, Rate card, Republic of Venice, Reuters, Science journalism, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Sensationalism, Sheffield, Sheffield Star Green 'Un, Smartphone, Snowbird (person), Social media, Society reporting, Southport Reporter, Sports journalism, Star (magazine), Stockholm, Strasbourg, Streaming media, Subscription business model, Sunday comics, Swift Communications, Tablet computer, Tabloid (newspaper format), Tang dynasty, Television, The arts, The Boston News-Letter, The Confusions of Pleasure, The Daily Courant, The Daily Telegraph, The Economist, The Globe and Mail, The Guardian, The Hindu, The McClatchy Company, The New York Times, The New York Times International Edition, The New York Times Magazine, The Observer, The Sun (New York City), The Sun (United Kingdom), The Sunday Times, The Sunday Times Magazine, The Times, The Times of India, The Wall Street Journal, Theatre, Thirteen Colonies, Timothy Brook, Tom Standage, Tribune Media, Trud (Russian newspaper), Typesetting, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, University of California Press, University of Tennessee Press, WAMU, Web design, Web traffic, Webmaster, Website, Weekly newspaper, William Bolts, Wolfenbüttel, Woodblock printing, Word processor, Workweek and weekend, World War II, World Wide Web, Yellow journalism, Yomiuri Shimbun. 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Acta Diurna (Latin: Daily Acts sometimes translated as Daily Public Records) were daily Roman official notices, a sort of daily gazette.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Advertising-free media refers to media outlets whose output is not funded or subsidised by the sale of advertising space.
An advertorial is an advertisement in the form of editorial content.
An advice column is a column traditionally presented in a magazine or newspaper, though it can also be delivered through other news media, such as the internet and broadcast news media.
Çapanzade or Çapanoğlu Agah Efendi (1832 – 1885) was an Ottoman civil servant, writer and newspaper editor who, along with his colleague İbrahim Şinasi, published Tercüman-ı Ahvâl ("Interpreter of Events"), the first private newspaper by Turkish journalists, and introduced postage stamps to the Ottoman Empire.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Al-Waqa'i' al-Misriyya (الوقائع المصريّة / ALA-LC: al-Waqā’i‘ al-Miṣriyyah; meaning "the Egyptian affairs"), was an Egyptian newspaper established in 1828 on the order of Muhammad Ali, originally called "Vekayi-i Misriye" (وقایع مصریه) and written in Ottoman Turkish in one column with an Arabic translation in a second column (Ottoman Turkish text was in the right one and Arabic text in the left one), and later in Arabic only under the Arabic title.
Alex S. Jones (born November 19, 1946) is an American journalist who was director of the Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government from July 1, 2000 until June 2015.
The Alliance for Audited Media (AAM) is a North American non-profit industry organization founded in 1914 by the Association of National Advertisers to help ensure media transparency and trust among advertisers and media companies.
The American Reporter was the first online-only newspaper.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Argumenty i Fakty (Аргументы и факты, commonly abbreviated "АиФ" and translated as Arguments and Facts) is a weekly newspaper based in Moscow and a publishing house in Russia and worldwide.
An article is a written work published in a print or electronic medium.
The is one of the five national newspapers in Japan.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
August Zang (August 2, 1807 – March 4, 1888) was a nineteenth-century Austrian entrepreneur best known for founding the Viennese daily "Die Presse".
Avisa Relation oder Zeitung was one of the first news-periodicals in the world.
Avvisi (plural: avvisi) were hand-written newsletters used to convey political, military, and economic news quickly and efficiently throughout Europe, and more specifically Italy, during the early modern era (1500-1700).
Émile de Girardin (22 June 1802 – 27 April 1881) was a French journalist, publisher and politician.
İbrahim Şinasi (5 August 1826 – 13 September 1871) was a pioneering Ottoman intellectual, author, journalist, translator, playwright, and newspaper editor.
Baby Boomers (also known as Boomers) are the demographic cohort following the Silent Generation and preceding Generation X. There are varying timelines defining the start and the end of this cohort; demographers and researchers typically use birth years starting from the early- to mid-1940s and ending anywhere from 1960 to 1964.
Beat reporting, also known as specialized reporting, is a genre of journalism that can be described as the craft of in-depth reporting on a particular issue, sector, organization, or institution over time.
Benjamin Harris (fl. 1673-1716) an English publisher, a figure of the Popish Plot in England who then moved to New England as an early journalist.
Berliner, or "midi", is a newspaper format with pages normally measuring about.
Beyoğlu is a district located on the European side of İstanbul, Turkey, separated from the old city (historic peninsula of Constantinople) by the Golden Horn.
Bias is disproportionate weight in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
The Bild newspaper (or Bild-Zeitung, literally Picture) is a German tabloid published by Axel Springer AG.
The Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE) (Official State Gazette) is the official gazette of the Government of Spain and is published every day except Sunday.
Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book of codex format from an ordered stack of paper sheets that are folded together into sections or sometimes left as a stack of individual sheets.
Bookselling is the commercial trading of books which is the retail and distribution end of the publishing process.
The Boston Evening Transcript was a daily afternoon newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts, published from July 24, 1830, to April 30, 1941.
Breaking news, interchangeably termed late-breaking news and also known as a special report or special coverage or news bulletin, is a current issue that broadcasters feel warrants the interruption of scheduled programming and/or current news in order to report its details.
A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages (typically). Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats.
The business cycle, also known as the economic cycle or trade cycle, is the downward and upward movement of gross domestic product (GDP) around its long-term growth trend.
Business journalism is the part of journalism that tracks, records, analyzes and interprets the business, economic and financial activities and changes that take place in societies.
A business model describes the rationale of how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value,Business Model Generation, Alexander Osterwalder, Yves Pigneur, Alan Smith, and 470 practitioners from 45 countries, self-published, 2010 in economic, social, cultural or other contexts.
The byline on a newspaper or magazine article gives the name of the writer of the article.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Chicago Sun-Times is a daily newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Classified advertising is a form of advertising which is particularly common in newspapers, online and other periodicals which may be sold or distributed free of charge.
The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.
A column is a recurring piece or article in a newspaper, magazine or other publication, where a writer expresses their own opinion in few columns allotted to them by the newspaper organisation.
A columnist is a person who writes for publication in a series, creating an article that usually offers commentary and opinions.
A comic strip is a sequence of drawings arranged in interrelated panels to display brief humor or form a narrative, often serialized, with text in balloons and captions.
Constantin Wurzbach Ritter von Tannenberg (11 April 1818 – 17 August 1893) was an Austrian biographer, lexicographer and author.
In publishing, art, and communication, content is the information and experiences that are directed towards an end-user or audience.
A convenience store or convenience shop is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, confectionery, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries, newspapers, and magazines.
Copy editing (also copyediting, sometimes abbreviated ce) is the process of reviewing and correcting written material to improve accuracy, readability, and fitness for its purpose, and to ensure that it is free of error, omission, inconsistency, and repetition.
The Correio Braziliense (meaning Brazilian Mail in English) is a daily newspaper in Brazil.
Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c. was the first Dutch newspaper.
Cover date refers to the date displayed on the covers of periodical publications such as magazines and comic books.
Cox Enterprises, Inc. is a privately held American conglomerate based in Atlanta.
Craigslist (stylized as craigslist) is an American classified advertisements website with sections devoted to jobs, housing, for sale, items wanted, services, community, gigs, résumés, and discussion forums.
A crossword is a word puzzle that usually takes the form of a square or a rectangular grid of white-and black-shaded squares.
Crowdsourcing is a sourcing model in which individuals or organizations obtain goods and services.
Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
Die Presse is a German language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Vienna, Austria.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
A digital divide is an economic and social inequality with regard to access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies (ICT).
Digital journalism also known as online journalism is a contemporary form of journalism where editorial content is distributed via the Internet as opposed to publishing via print or broadcast.
Early modern Europe is the period of European history between the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, roughly the late 15th century to the late 18th century.
eBay Inc. is a multinational e-commerce corporation based in San Jose, California that facilitates consumer-to-consumer and business-to-consumer sales through its website.
The bibliographical definition of an edition includes all copies of a book printed “from substantially the same setting of type,” including all minor typographical variants.
Editor & Publisher (E&P) is a monthly magazine covering the North American newspaper industry.
An editorial, leading article (US) or leader (UK), is an article written by the senior editorial staff or publisher of a newspaper, magazine, or any other written document, often unsigned.
An editorial cartoon, also known as a political cartoon, is a drawing containing a commentary expressing the artist's opinion.
Editorial independence is the freedom of editors to make decisions without interference from the owners of a publication.
El País (literally The Country) is the most read newspaper (231,140 printed copies) in Spain and the most circulated daily newspaper (180,765 circulation average), according to data certified by the Office of Justification of Dissemination (OJD) and referring to the period of January 2017 to December 2017.
Electronic publishing (also referred to as e-publishing or digital publishing or online publishing) includes the digital publication of e-books, digital magazines, and the development of digital libraries and catalogues.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Entertainment journalism is any form of journalism that focuses on the entertainment business and its products.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
Fact checking is the act of checking factual assertions in non-fictional text in order to determine the veracity and correctness of the factual statements in the text.
A feature story is a piece of non-fiction writing about news.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
A food column is a type of newspaper column dealing with food.
In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (Freie Reichsstadt, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that had a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet.
Free newspapers are distributed free of charge, often in central places in cities and towns, on public transport, with other newspapers, or separately door-to-door.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
A gag cartoon (a.k.a. panel cartoon or gag panel) is most often a single-panel cartoon, usually including a caption beneath the drawing.
Galila Tamarhan (or Tamruhan) al-Habashiya (/ ALA-LC: Jalīlah Tamarhān; d. 1863) was a medical practitioner in 19th century Ottoman Egypt.
Gannett Company, Inc. is a publicly traded American media holding company headquartered in Tysons Corner, Virginia, near McLean in Greater Washington DC.
Gay is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual.
Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro was the first newspaper to be published in Brazil.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Giro d'Italia (Tour of Italy; also known as the Giro) is an annual multiple-stage bicycle race primarily held in Italy, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries.
The global spread of the printing press began with the invention of the printing press with movable type by Johannes Gutenberg in Mainz, Germany.
Globe is a supermarket tabloid first published North America on November 10, 1954 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada as Midnight by Joe Azaria and John Vader and became the chief competitor to the National Enquirer during the 1960s.
Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by Google.
A graphic designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design.
In computer graphics, graphics software refers to a program or collection of programs that enable a person to manipulate images or models visually on a computer.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
A grocery store or grocer's shop is a retail shop that primarily sells food.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.
The Haarlems Dagblad is a regional newspaper in Haarlem, Netherlands.
The Halifax Gazette was Canada's first newspaper, established on March 23, 1752, in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Hearst Communications, often referred to simply as Hearst, is an American mass media and business information conglomerate based in New York City, New York.
The Hejaz (اَلْـحِـجَـاز,, literally "the Barrier"), is a region in the west of present-day Saudi Arabia.
Hicky's Bengal Gazette or the Original Calcutta General Advertiser was an English language weekly newspaper published in Kolkata (then Calcutta), the capital of British India.
The history of Iran, commonly also known as Persia in the Western world, is intertwined with the history of a larger region, also to an extent known as Greater Iran, comprising the area from Anatolia, the Bosphorus, and Egypt in the west to the borders of Ancient India and the Syr Darya in the east, and from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe in the north to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south.
Hollinger Inc. was a Canadian media company based in Toronto started by Conrad Black.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Homelessness is the circumstance when people are without a permanent dwelling, such as a house or apartment.
India Today is an Indian English-language fortnightly news magazine and news television channel.
Indie rock is a genre of rock music that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking, research, and reflection about society and proposes solutions for its normative problems.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
James Augustus Hicky was an Irishman who launched the first printed newspaper in Asia, Hicky's Bengal Gazette.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Joe Shea (born February 7, 1947; died October 19, 2016) was editor-in-chief of The American Reporter, the first daily Internet newspaper, started on April 10, 1995.
Johann Carolus (1575−1634) was a German publisher of the first newspaper, called Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien (Account of all distinguished and commemorable news).
John Bushell (March 18, 1715 January 22, 1761) was the first printer in what is now Canada.
Journalism refers to the production and distribution of reports on recent events.
A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public.
Kaiyuan Za Bao, or Kaiyuan Chao Bao, Bulletin of the Court, was an official publication which first appeared in the 8th century, during the Kaiyuan era.
The term Khedive (خدیو Hıdiv) is a title largely equivalent to the English word viceroy.
Kojo Nnamdi (born January 8, 1945) is an American radio journalist.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
L'Équipe (French for "the team") is a French nationwide daily newspaper devoted to sport, owned by Éditions Philippe Amaury.
La Gazette, originally Gazette de France, was the first weekly magazine published in France.
La Gazzetta dello Sport (The Sports Gazette) is an Italian daily newspaper dedicated to coverage of various sports.
La Presse was the first penny press newspaper in France.
La Stampa (meaning The Press in English) is an Italian daily newspaper published in Turin, Italy.
Landmark Media Enterprises, LLC (formerly Landmark Communications) is a privately held media company headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia specializing in newspaper publishing, Internet publishing, software and data centers.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Le Droit (established on March 27, 1913) is a Canadian daily newspaper, published in Ottawa, Ontario.
Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
A letter to the editor (sometimes abbreviated LTTE or LTE) is a letter sent to a publication about issues of concern from its readers.
Letterpress printing is a technique of relief printing using a printing press, a process by which many copies are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against sheets or a continuous roll of paper.
A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
Below are lists of public holidays by country.
The following is a list of comic strips.
This list of newspapers in Canada is a list of newspapers printed and distributed in Canada.
There are newspapers distributed nationally in the United Kingdom and some in Scotland only, and others serving a smaller area.
This is a list of newspapers printed and distributed in the United States.
Below are lists of newspapers organized by continent.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
In journalism, local news refers to coverage of events, by the news, in a local context that would not be an interest of another locality, or otherwise be of national or international scope.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Evening Standard (or simply Evening Standard) is a local, free daily newspaper, published Monday to Friday in tabloid format in London.
First issue of a ''Los Angeles Times'' suburban section, published on April 6, 1952 The Los Angeles Times suburban sections or zone sections were printed between 1952 and 2001 as adjuncts to the main newspaper to cover the news of and sell advertising space in various parts of Southern California that the Times considered to be in the prime part of its circulation area.
Mad (stylized as MAD) is an American humor magazine founded in 1952 by editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines, launched as a comic book before it became a magazine.
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published (sometimes referred to as an online magazine).
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcards, letters, and parcels.
The is one of the major newspapers in Japan, published by.
A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through personal ownership or via a dominant position in any media related company or enterprise, media consumed by a large number of individuals.
Medical journalism is news reporting (as opposed to peer-review publication) of medical news and features.
Merkuriusz Polski Ordynaryjny (The Polish Mercury Ordinary; original 17th-century Polish spelling: Merkuryusz Polski Ordynaryiny; full title: Merkuriusz Polski dzieje wszystkiego świata w sobie zamykający, dla informacji pospolitej: The Polish Mercury, Encompassing All the World's Affairs, for the Common Knowledge) was the first Polish newspaper (actually, a weekly), published from 1661, first in Kraków, then in Warsaw.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Millennials (also known as Generation Y) are the generational demographic cohort following Generation X. There are no precise dates for when this cohort starts or ends; demographers and researchers typically use the early 1980s as starting birth years and the mid-1990s to early 2000s as ending birth years.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Mirza Saleh Shirāzi (Persian: میرزا صالح شیرازی / Mīrzā Ṣāleḥ Shīrāzī) was a court intellectual and the first reporter in Iran.
Morris Communications, headquartered in Augusta, Georgia, is a privately held media company with diversified holdings that include magazine publishing, outdoor advertising, book publishing and distribution, visitor publications, and online services.
Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas'ud ibn Agha (محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا; محمد علي باشا / ALA-LC: Muḥammad ‘Alī Bāshā; Albanian: Mehmet Ali Pasha; Turkish: Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa; 4 March 1769 – 2 August 1849) was an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who rose to the rank of Pasha, and became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottomans' temporary approval.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Nathaniel Butter (died 22 February 1664) was a London publisher of the early 17th century.
The National Digital Newspaper Program is a joint project between the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress to create and maintain a publicly available, online digital archive of historically significant newspapers published in the United States between 1836 and 1922.
The National Enquirer (also commonly known as the Enquirer) is an American supermarket tabloid published by American Media Inc (AMI).
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
The New York Post is the fourth-largest newspaper in the United States and a leading digital media publisher that reached more than 57 million unique visitors in the U.S. in January 2017.
News is information about current events.
A news agency is an organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations, such as newspapers, magazines and radio and television broadcasters.
In computing, a news aggregator, also termed a feed aggregator, feed reader, news reader, RSS reader or simply aggregator, is client software or a web application which aggregates syndicated web content such as online newspapers, blogs, podcasts, and video blogs (vlogs) in one location for easy viewing.
A news bureau is an office for gathering or distributing news.
The original News Corporation or News Corp. was an American multinational mass media corporation headquartered in New York City.
A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published piece of paper, magazine or a radio or television program, usually weekly, consisting of articles about current events.
A newsagent's shop or simply newsagent's (British English), newsagency (Australian English) or newsstand (American and Canadian English) is a business that sells newspapers, magazines, cigarettes, snacks and often items of local interest.
Newsnight is a weekday BBC Television current affairs programme which specialises in analysis and often robust cross-examination of senior politicians.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
A newspaper's circulation is the number of copies it distributes on an average day.
Newspaper display advertising is a form of newspaper advertisement - where the advertisement appears alongside regular editorial content.
A newspaper of record is a major newspaper that has a large circulation and whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered professional and typically authoritative.
The Newspaper Research Journal is a quarterly, peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the field of journalism.
Newsprint is a low-cost non-archival paper consisting mainly of wood pulp and most commonly used to print newspapers and other publications and advertising material.
An obituary (obit for short) is a news article that reports the recent death of a person, typically along with an account of the person's life and information about the upcoming funeral.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Offset printing is a commonly used printing technique in which the inked image is transferred (or "offset") from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface.
An ombudsman, ombud, or public advocate is an official who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints of maladministration or a violation of rights.
Online advertising, also called online marketing or Internet advertising or web advertising, is a form of marketing and advertising which uses the Internet to deliver promotional marketing messages to consumers.
An online newspaper is the online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone publication or as the online version of a printed periodical.
An op-ed (originally short for "opposite the editorial page" although often taken to stand for "opinion editorial") is a written prose piece typically published by a newspaper or magazine which expresses the opinion of a named author usually not affiliated with the publication's editorial board.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Ottoman Turkish (Osmanlı Türkçesi), or the Ottoman language (Ottoman Turkish:, lisân-ı Osmânî, also known as, Türkçe or, Türkî, "Turkish"; Osmanlıca), is the variety of the Turkish language that was used in the Ottoman Empire.
Page layout is the part of graphic design that deals in the arrangement of visual elements on a page.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
A paperboy (or, less commonly, papergirl) is someone—often an adolescent—who distributes printed newspapers to homes or offices of subscribers on a regular route, usually by bicycle or automobile.
A paywall is a method of restricting access to content via a paid subscription.
The Pennsylvania Evening Post, a Philadelphia newspaper printed by Benjamin Towne from 1775 - 1784, was the first newspaper to print the United States Declaration of Independence, which it published on July 6, 1776.
The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the history of Pennsylvania.
Penny press newspapers were cheap, tabloid-style newspapers mass-produced in the United States from the 1830s onwards.
Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a published work that appears in a new edition on a regular schedule.
Personalization, broadly known as customization, consists of tailoring a service or a product to accommodate specific individuals, sometimes tied to groups or segments of individuals.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work.
Political journalism is a broad branch of journalism that includes coverage of all aspects of politics and political science, although the term usually refers specifically to coverage of civil governments and political power.
Post- och Inrikes Tidningar or PoIT (Swedish for "Post and Domestic Times") is the government newspaper and gazette of Sweden, and the country's official notification medium for announcements like bankruptcy declarations or auctions.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
Prepress is the term used in the printing and publishing industries for the processes and procedures that occur between the creation of a print layout and the final printing.
The Press Complaints Commission (PCC) was a voluntary regulatory body for British printed newspapers and magazines, consisting of representatives of the major publishers.
A press release, news release, media release, press statement or video release is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something ostensibly newsworthy.
Print-on-demand (POD) is a printing technology and business process in which book copies (or other documents) are not printed until the company receives an order, allowing prints of singular or small quantities.
In publishing, printers are both companies providing printing services and individuals who directly operate printing presses.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
Proofreading is the reading of a galley proof or an electronic copy of a publication to detect and correct production errors of text or art.
To publish is to make content available to the general public.
Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick was the title of the first multi-page newspaper published in the Americas.
Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
The Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph, founded by William Brown (c. 1737–1789) as the Quebec Gazette on 21 June 1764, is the oldest newspaper in Quebec.
A rate card is a document containing prices and descriptions for the various ad placement options available from a media outlet.
The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Science journalism conveys reporting about science to the public.
The Seattle Post-Intelligencer (popularly known as the Seattle P-I, the Post-Intelligencer, or simply the P-I) is an online newspaper and former print newspaper based in Seattle, Washington, United States.
Sensationalism is a type of editorial bias in mass media in which events and topics in news stories and pieces are overhyped to present biased impressions on events, which may cause a manipulation to the truth of a story.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
The Green 'Un ("Green One" in slang) is a sports website.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
"Snowbird" is a North American term for a person who migrates from the higher latitudes and colder climates of the northern United States and Canada in the southward direction in winter to warmer locales such as Florida, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, or elsewhere along the Sun Belt of the southern United States, Mexico, and areas of the Caribbean.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
In journalism, society reporting or society journalism is the reporting of society news in a newspaper or magazine.
Southport Reporter is an online newspaper started by Patrick Trollope.
Sports journalism is a form of writing that reports on sporting topics and competitions.
Star is an American celebrity tabloid magazine founded in 1974.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
The subscription business model is a business model where a customer must pay a subscription price to have access to a product or service.
The Sunday comics or Sunday strip is the comic strip section carried in most western newspapers, almost always in color.
Swift Communications Inc. is an American digital marketing and newspaper publishing company based in Carson City, Nevada.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
A tabloid is a newspaper with a compact page size smaller than broadsheet.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
The arts refers to the theory and physical expression of creativity found in human societies and cultures.
The Boston News-Letter, first published on April 24, 1704, is regarded as the first continuously published newspaper in British North America.
The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China is an influential Passim, but states that the book is "now-influential": "...
The Daily Courant, initially published on 11 March 1702, was the first British daily newspaper.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The McClatchy Company is a publicly traded American publishing company based in Sacramento, California.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times International Edition is an English-language newspaper printed at 38 sites throughout the world and sold in more than 160 countries and territories.
The New York Times Magazine is a Sunday magazine supplement included with the Sunday edition of The New York Times.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Sun was a New York newspaper that was published from 1833 until 1950.
The Sun is a tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Sunday Times Magazine is a magazine included with The Sunday Times.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
Timothy James Brook (Chinese name: 卜正民; born January 6, 1951) is a Canadian historian, sinologist, and writer specializing in the study of China (sinology).
Tom Standage (born 1969) is a journalist and author from England.
Tribune Media, also known as Tribune Media Company and formerly known as the Tribune Company, is an American conglomerate that is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Trud (Труд, Labor) is a Russian newspaper.
Typesetting is the composition of text by means of arranging physical typesDictionary.com Unabridged.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was a pluricontinental monarchy formed by the elevation of the Portuguese colony named State of Brazil to the status of a kingdom and by the simultaneous union of that Kingdom of Brazil with the Kingdom of Portugal and the Kingdom of the Algarves, constituting a single state consisting of three kingdoms.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of Tennessee Press is a university press associated with the University of Tennessee.
WAMU (88.5 FM) is a public news/talk station that services the greater Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.
Web design encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites.
Web traffic is the amount of data sent and received by visitors to a website.
A webmaster is a person responsible for maintaining one or many websites.
A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
A weekly newspaper is a general-news publication that is published once or twice a week.
William Bolts (1739–1808) was a Dutch-born eighteenth-century merchant active in India.
Wolfenbüttel is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, the administrative capital of Wolfenbüttel District.
Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper.
A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.
The workweek and weekend are those complementary parts of the week devoted to labour and rest, respectively.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
Yellow journalism and the yellow press are American terms for journalism and associated newspapers that present little or no legitimate well-researched news while instead using eye-catching headlines for increased sales.
The is a Japanese newspaper published in Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka, and other major Japanese cities.
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