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Nicotinamide

Index Nicotinamide

Nicotinamide (NAA), also known as niacinamide, is a form of vitamin B3 found in food and used as a dietary supplement and medication. [1]

78 relations: Acne, Adenosine triphosphate, Amide, Amine oxide, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Arene substitution pattern, Aromaticity, B vitamins, British Journal of Dermatology, British Medical Association, British Pharmacopoeia, Bromine, Bullous pemphigoid, Cambridge University Press, Citric acid cycle, Cofactor (biochemistry), Dermatitis, Diabetologia, Dietary supplement, Drugs.com, Electron transport chain, Electrophilic aromatic substitution, Elsevier, Flushing (physiology), Functional group, Generic drug, Glycolysis, Grain, Green Chemistry (journal), Health system, Isonicotinamide, Japanese Pharmacopoeia, John Wiley & Sons, Journal of Cosmetic & Laser Therapy, Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, Journal of Immunology, Leaf vegetable, Liver disease, Meat, Melatonin, National Cancer Institute, National Health Service, Niacin, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, Nicotinamide riboside, Nicotinonitrile, Nitrile hydratase, Nucleotide salvage, Nutrition Reviews, ..., Organic Syntheses, Over-the-counter drug, Pellagra, Phosphorus pentoxide, Polymerase, Pregnancy, Pyridine, QJM, Redox, Rhodococcus rhodochrous, Science (journal), Serotonin, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium hypobromite, Springer Science+Business Media, The FASEB Journal, Thieme Medical Publishers, Trends (journals), Tryptophan, Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Vitamin B3, Washington University in St. Louis, WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, Wiley-VCH, World Health Organization, Yeast, 3-Aminopyridine, 5-Hydroxytryptophan. Expand index (28 more) »

Acne

Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.

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Adenosine triphosphate

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.

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Amide

An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).

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Amine oxide

An amine oxide, also known as amine-N-oxide and N-oxide, is a chemical compound that contains the functional group R3N+−O−, an N−O coordinate covalent bond with three additional hydrogen and/or hydrocarbon side chains attached to N. Sometimes it is written as R3N→O or, wrongly, as R3N.

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Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Applied and Environmental Microbiology is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Society for Microbiology.

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Arene substitution pattern

Arene substitution patterns are part of organic chemistry IUPAC nomenclature and pinpoint the position of substituents other than hydrogen in relation to each other on an aromatic hydrocarbon.

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Aromaticity

In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.

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B vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism.

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British Journal of Dermatology

The British Journal of Dermatology is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal that covers the field of dermatology.

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British Medical Association

The British Medical Association (BMA) is the professional association and registered trade union for doctors in the United Kingdom.

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British Pharmacopoeia

The British Pharmacopoeia (BP) is the national pharmacopoeia of the United Kingdom.

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Bromine

Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.

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Bullous pemphigoid

Bullous pemphigoid is an acute or chronic autoimmune skin disease, involving the formation of blisters, more appropriately known as bullae, at the space between the epidermis and dermis skin layers.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Citric acid cycle

The citric acid cycle (CAC) – also known as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle or the Krebs cycle – is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

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Cofactor (biochemistry)

A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for an enzyme's activity.

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Dermatitis

Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.

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Diabetologia

Diabetologia is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering diabetology and is the official journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.

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Dietary supplement

A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.

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Drugs.com

Drugs.com is an online pharmaceutical encyclopedia which provides drug information for consumers and healthcare professionals, primarily in the USA.

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Electron transport chain

An electron transport chain (ETC) is a series of complexes that transfer electrons from electron donors to electron acceptors via redox (both reduction and oxidation occurring simultaneously) reactions, and couples this electron transfer with the transfer of protons (H+ ions) across a membrane.

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Electrophilic aromatic substitution

Electrophilic aromatic substitution is an organic reaction in which an atom that is attached to an aromatic system (usually hydrogen) is replaced by an electrophile.

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Elsevier

Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.

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Flushing (physiology)

For a person to flush is to become markedly red in the face and often other areas of the skin, from various physiological conditions.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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Generic drug

A generic drug is a pharmaceutical drug that is equivalent to a brand-name product in dosage, strength, route of administration, quality, performance, and intended use, but does not carry the brand name.

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Glycolysis

Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.

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Grain

A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.

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Green Chemistry (journal)

Green Chemistry is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering every aspect of sustainable chemistry and its implementation in chemical engineering.

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Health system

A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or as healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.

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Isonicotinamide

Isonicotinamide (pyridine-4-carboxamide) is the amide form of isonicotinic acid.

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Japanese Pharmacopoeia

The is the official Pharmacopoeia of Japan.

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John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.

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Journal of Cosmetic & Laser Therapy

The Journal of Cosmetic & Laser Therapy is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering applications of cosmetic laser and light therapies on the skin.

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Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology

The Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology is a quarterly peer-reviewed medical journal published by Wiley-Blackwell.

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Journal of Immunology

The Journal of Immunology is a twice monthly peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes basic and clinical studies in all aspects of immunology.

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Leaf vegetable

Leaf vegetables, also called leafy greens, salad greens, pot herbs, vegetable greens, or simply greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots.

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Liver disease

Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to or disease of the liver.

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Meat

Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.

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Melatonin

Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness.

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National Cancer Institute

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of eleven agencies that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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National Health Service

The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.

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Niacin

Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.

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Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.

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Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, abbreviated NADP or, in older notation, TPN (triphosphopyridine nucleotide), is a cofactor used in anabolic reactions, such as lipid and nucleic acid synthesis, which require NADPH as a reducing agent.

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Nicotinamide riboside

Nicotinamide riboside (NR) is a pyridine-nucleoside form of vitamin B3 that functions as a precursor to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide or NAD+.

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Nicotinonitrile

Nicotinonitrile or 3-cyanopyridine is a nitrogen containing one-ring heterocycle with a nitrile group attached.

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Nitrile hydratase

In enzymology, nitrile hydratases (NHases) are mononuclear iron or non-corrinoid cobalt enzymes that catalyse the hydration of diverse nitriles to their corresponding amides R-C≡N + H2O → R-C(O)NH2.

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Nucleotide salvage

A salvage pathway is a pathway in which nucleotides (purine and pyrimidine) are synthesized from intermediates in the degradative pathway for nucleotides.

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Nutrition Reviews

Nutrition Reviews is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal publishing review articles in the field of nutrition science.

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Organic Syntheses

Organic Syntheses is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1921.

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Over-the-counter drug

Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.

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Pellagra

Pellagra is a disease caused by a lack of the vitamin niacin (vitamin B3).

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Phosphorus pentoxide

Phosphorus pentoxide is a chemical compound with molecular formula P4O10 (with its common name derived from its empirical formula, P2O5).

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Polymerase

A polymerase is an enzyme (EC 2.7.7.6/7/19/48/49) that synthesizes long chains of polymers or nucleic acids.

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Pregnancy

Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.

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Pyridine

Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.

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QJM

QJM, in the past subtitled Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians and now An International Journal of Medicine, is a British peer-reviewed medical journal which was established in October 1907 as the Quarterly Journal of Medicine.

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Redox

Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

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Rhodococcus rhodochrous

Rhodococcus rhodochrous is a bacterium used as a soil inoculant in agriculture and horticulture.

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

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Serotonin

Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.

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Sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.

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Sodium hypobromite

Sodium hypobromite in the inorganic compound with the formula NaOBr.

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Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

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The FASEB Journal

The FASEB Journal is a scientific journal related to experimental biosciences, promoting scientific progress and education.

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Thieme Medical Publishers

Thieme Medical Publishers is a German medical and science publisher in the Thieme Publishing Group.

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Trends (journals)

Trends is a series of scientific journals owned by Elsevier that publish review articles in a range of areas of biology.

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Tryptophan

Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

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Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry is a reference work related to industrial chemistry published in English and German.

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Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3, also known as vitamin B3 complex, is vitamin that includes three forms: nicotinamide (niacinamide), niacin (nicotinic acid), and nicotinamide riboside.

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Washington University in St. Louis

Washington University in St.

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WHO Model List of Essential Medicines

The WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (EML), published by the World Health Organization (WHO), contains the medications considered to be most effective and safe to meet the most important needs in a health system.

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Wiley-VCH

Wiley-VCH is a German publisher owned by John Wiley & Sons.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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Yeast

Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.

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3-Aminopyridine

3-Aminopyridine is an aminopyridine.

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5-Hydroxytryptophan

5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), also known as oxitriptan, is a naturally occurring amino acid and chemical precursor as well as a metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

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Redirects here:

3-pyridinecarboxamide, ATC code A11HA01, ATCvet code QA11HA01, Niacin amide, Niacinamide, Nicotinic acid amide, Pyridine-3-carboxamide, Vitamin PP.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicotinamide

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