81 relations: Akiba Rubinstein, Alexei Barsov, Alexei Shirov, Alvis Vītoliņš, Anatoly Karpov, Anthony Santasiere, Aron Nimzowitsch, Arthur Bisguier, Bent Larsen, Berthold Englisch, Black Knights' Tango, Bobby Fischer, Bogo-Indian Defence, Boris Spassky, Botvinnik versus Capablanca, AVRO 1938, Bruno Parma, Catalan Opening, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess Life, Chess magazine, Chess opening, Chris Ward (chess player), David Bronstein, Doubled pawns, Dutch Defence, Edmar Mednis, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Fianchetto, FIDE titles, Florin Gheorghiu, Friedrich Sämisch, Garry Kasparov, Glossary of chess, Harry Nelson Pillsbury, Hedgehog (chess), Hypermodernism (chess), Indian Defence, Isaac Kashdan, Isolated pawn, Jeroen Piket, José Raúl Capablanca, Joseph Henry Blackburne, Knight (chess), Lajos Portisch, Lev Psakhis, List of chess openings, List of chess openings named after people, Mark Taimanov, Mikhail Botvinnik, ..., Mikhail Gurevich (chess player), Mikhail Tal, Modern Chess Openings, New In Chess, Nick de Firmian, Nona Gaprindashvili, Nukhim Rashkovsky, Oleg Romanishin, Paul Keres, Pawn structure, Queen's Gambit, Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Indian Defense, Queen's Pawn Game, Robert Hübner, Rudolf Spielmann, Samuel Reshevsky, Stuart Milner-Barry, Svetozar Gligorić, Tallinn, Vasily Smyslov, Viacheslav Ragozin, Vladas Mikėnas, Vladimir Akopian, Vladimir Malaniuk, World Chess Championship 1948, World Chess Championship 1960, World Chess Championship 1961, Yuri Averbakh, Yuri Yakovich, Zürich. Expand index (31 more) » « Shrink index
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Alexei Barsov (born 3 April 1966) is an Uzbekistani chess Grandmaster.
Alexei Shirov (Aleksejs Širovs;; born 4 July 1972) is a Latvian and Spanish chess grandmaster.
Alvis Vītoliņš (Vitolinš, Vitolins, Vitolinsh) (15 June 1946, in Sigulda – 16 February 1997) was a Latvian chess master.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Anthony Edward Santasiere (9 December 1904 – 13 January 1977) was an American chess master and chess writer, who also wrote extensively on non-chess topics.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Arthur Bernard Bisguier (October 8, 1929April 5, 2017) was an American chess grandmaster, chess promoter, and writer.
Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.
Berthold Englisch (9 July 1851, Hotzenplotz – 19 October 1897, Vienna) was a leading Austrian chess master.
The Black Knights' Tango (also known as the Mexican Defense or Kevitz–Trajkovic Defense) is a chess opening beginning with the moves: This position can also be reached by transposition, for example 1.c4 Nf6, 1.d4 Nc6, or 1.c4 Nc6.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
The Bogo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The position arising after 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 is common.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
In Rotterdam on 22 November 1938, then future World Chess Champion Mikhail Botvinnik (as white) defeated former World Champion José Raúl Capablanca in round 11 of the AVRO tournament in one of the most famous games in chess history.
Bruno Parma (born December 30, 1941) is a Slovene chess player and Grandmaster.
The Catalan is a chess opening where White adopts a combination of the Queen's Gambit and Réti Opening: White plays d4 and c4 and fianchettoes the white bishop on g2.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
The monthly Chess Life and bi-monthly Chess Life Kids (formerly School Mates and Chess Life for Kids) are the official magazines published by the United States Chess Federation (US Chess).
CHESS Magazine, also called CHESS and previously called CHESS Monthly, is a chess magazine published monthly in the United Kingdom by Chess and Bridge Limited.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Christopher Geoffrey Ward (26 March 1968) is a British chess Grandmaster (GM), chess coach, and author.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.
Edmar John Mednis (Edmārs Mednis) (March 22, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American International Grandmaster of chess (awarded in 1980) born in Riga, Latvia.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
Florin Gheorghiu (born 6 April 1944) is a Romanian chess player and university lecturer in foreign languages.
Friedrich Sämisch (September 20, 1896, Charlottenburg – August 16, 1975, Berlin) was a German chess Grandmaster (1950).
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
Harry Nelson Pillsbury (December 5, 1872 – June 17, 1906) was a leading American chess player.
The Hedgehog is a pawn formation in chess adopted usually by Black that can arise from several openings.
Hypermodernism is a school of chess that emerged after World War I. It featured challenges to the chess ideas of central European masters, including Wilhelm Steinitz's approach to the centre and the rules established by Siegbert Tarrasch.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
Isaac Kashdan (19 November 1905 in New York City – 20 February 1985 in Los Angeles) was an American chess grandmaster and chess writer.
In chess, an isolated pawn is a pawn that has no friendly pawn on an adjacent.
Jeroen Piket (born 27 January 1969) is a Dutch chess grandmaster.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Joseph Henry Blackburne (10 December 1841 – 1 September 1924), nicknamed "The Black Death", dominated British chess during the latter part of the 19th century.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
Lajos Portisch (born 4 April 1937) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster, whose positional style earned him the nickname, the "Hungarian Botvinnik".
Lev Borisovich Psakhis (לב בוריסוביץ' פסחיס; Лев Борисович Псахис; born 29 November 1958 in Krasnoyarsk, Russia) is a naturalised Israeli chess grandmaster, trainer and author.
This is a list of chess openings, organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings code.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
Mark Evgenievich Taimanov (Марк Евгеньевич Тайманов; 7 February 1926 – 28 November 2016) was one of the leading Soviet and Russian chess players, among the world's top 20 players from 1946 to 1971.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Naumovich Gurevich (born 1959) is a Soviet chess player.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Modern Chess Openings (usually called) is an important reference book on chess openings, first published in 1911 by the British players Richard Clewin Griffith (1872–1955) and John Herbert White (1880–1920).
New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.
Nicholas Ernest de Firmian (born July 26, 1957 in Fresno, California), is a chess grandmaster and three-time U.S. chess champion, winning in 1987 (with Joel Benjamin), 1995, and 1998.
Nona Gaprindashvili (ნონა გაფრინდაშვილი; born 3 May 1941) is a Georgian chess player, the sixth women's world chess champion (1962–1978), and first female Grandmaster.
Nukhim (Naum) Nikolayevich Rashkovsky (born 18 April 1946, Sverdlovsk) is a chess Grandmaster and coach from Russia.
Oleg Mikhailovich Romanishin (Олег Михайлович Романишин; born 10 January 1952) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and former European junior champion.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.
The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4.
Robert Hübner (born November 6, 1948) is a German chess Grandmaster, chess writer, and papyrologist.
Rudolf Spielmann (5 May 1883 – 20 August 1942) was an Austrian-Jewish chess player of the romantic school, and chess writer.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
Sir Philip Stuart Milner-Barry (20 September 1906 – 25 March 1995) was a British chess player, chess writer, World War II codebreaker and civil servant.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Viacheslav Vasilyevich Ragozin (Вячесла́в Васи́льевич Раго́зин, 8 October 1908 – 11 March 1962) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, an International Arbiter of chess, and a World Correspondence Chess Champion.
Vladas Mikėnas (17 April 1910 – 3 November 1992) was a Lithuanian International Master of chess, an Honorary Grandmaster, and a journalist.
Vladimir Akopian (Владимир Акопян, Վլադիմիր Հակոբյան; born December 7, 1971 in Baku, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.
Vladimir Pavlovich Malaniuk (July 21, 1957 – July 2, 2017) was a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and three-time Ukrainian champion.
The 1948 World Chess Championship was a quintuple round-robin tournament played to determine the new World Chess Champion following the death of the previous champion Alexander Alekhine in 1946.
The 1960 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Mikhail Tal in Moscow from March 15 to May 7, 1960.
The 1961 World Chess Championship was played between former champion Mikhail Botvinnik and champion Mikhail Tal in Moscow from March 15 to May 13, 1961.
Yuri Lvovich Averbakh (Ю́рий Льво́вич Аверба́х; born February 8, 1922) is a Soviet and Russian chess player and author.
Yuri Yakovich (Юрий Якович; born November 30, 1962) is a Russian chess Grandmaster (1990).
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
Dilworth gambit, Nimzo, Nimzo Indian, Nimzo Indian Defence, Nimzo Indian Defense, Nimzo-Indian, Nimzo-Indian Defense, Nimzo-Indian chess opening, Nimzo-Indian, Classical variation, Nimzo-Indian, Fischer variation, Nimzo-Indian, Saemisch variation, Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann Variation, Nimzo-Indian, Three knights variation, Nimzo–Indian, Nimzo–Indian Defence, Rubinstein System.