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Ninth Amendment to the United States Constitution

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The Ninth Amendment (Amendment IX) to the United States Constitution addresses rights, retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution. [1]

46 relations: Alexander Hamilton, Anti-Federalism, Antonin Scalia, Arthur Goldberg, Barron v. Baltimore, Bernard Bailyn, Brian Doherty (journalist), Charles Black (professor), Congressional Research Service, Constitutionalism, Doe v. Bolton, Earl Warren, Enumerated powers (United States), Exception that proves the rule, Federalism in the United States, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Frederic Jesup Stimson, Griswold v. Connecticut, Gun politics in the United States, Harvard University, History of the United States Constitution, Hugo Black, James Madison, Laurence Tribe, Michael W. McConnell, Natural and legal rights, Originalism, Potter Stewart, Radicals for Capitalism, Right to keep and bear arms in the United States, Robert Bork, Roe v. Wade, Second Amendment to the United States Constitution, Statutory interpretation, Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, The Federalist Papers, Thomas Jefferson, Unenumerated rights, United Public Workers v. Mitchell, United States Bill of Rights, United States Constitution, United States Government Publishing Office, United States House of Representatives, Virginia Ratifying Convention, William J. Brennan Jr., William O. Douglas.

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757July 12, 1804) was a statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

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Anti-Federalism

Anti-Federalism refers to a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution.

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Antonin Scalia

Antonin Gregory Scalia (March 11, 1936 – February 13, 2016) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016.

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Arthur Goldberg

Arthur Joseph Goldberg (August 8, 1908January 19, 1990) was an American statesman and jurist who served as the 9th U.S. Secretary of Labor, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the 6th United States Ambassador to the United Nations.

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Barron v. Baltimore

Barron v. Baltimore,, is a landmark United States Supreme Court case in 1833, which helped define the concept of federalism in US constitutional law.

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Bernard Bailyn

Bernard Bailyn (born September 10, 1922) is an American historian, author, and academic specializing in U.S. Colonial and Revolutionary-era History.

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Brian Doherty (journalist)

Brian Doherty (born June 1, 1968) is an American journalist.

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Charles Black (professor)

Charles Lund Black, Jr. (September 22, 1915 – May 5, 2001) was an American scholar of constitutional law, which he taught as professor of law from 1947 to 1999.

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Congressional Research Service

The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.

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Constitutionalism

Constitutionalism is "a complex of ideas, attitudes, and patterns of behavior elaborating the principle that the authority of government derives from and is limited by a body of fundamental law".

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Doe v. Bolton

Doe v. Bolton,, was a decision of the United States Supreme Court overturning the abortion law of Georgia.

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Earl Warren

Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was an American jurist and politician who served as the 30th Governor of California (1943–1953) and later the 14th Chief Justice of the United States (1953–1969).

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Enumerated powers (United States)

The Enumerated powers (also called Expressed powers, Explicit powers or Delegated powers) of the United States Congress are listed in Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution.

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Exception that proves the rule

"The exception proves the rule" is a saying whose meaning has been interpreted or misinterpreted in various ways.

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Federalism in the United States

Federalism in the United States is the constitutional relationship between U.S. state governments and the federal government of the United States.

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Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.

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Frederic Jesup Stimson

Frederic Jesup Stimson (July 20, 1855 – November 19, 1943) was an American writer and lawyer, who served as the United States Ambassador to Argentina from 1915 to 1921.

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Griswold v. Connecticut

Griswold v. Connecticut,, is a landmark case in the United States about access to contraception.

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Gun politics in the United States

Gun politics is an area of American politics defined by two opposing groups advocating for tighter gun control on the one hand and gun rights on the other.

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Harvard University

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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History of the United States Constitution

The United States Constitution was written in 1787 during the Philadelphia Convention.

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Hugo Black

Hugo Lafayette Black (February 27, 1886 – September 25, 1971) was an American politician and jurist who served in the United States Senate from 1927 to 1937, and as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1937 to 1971.

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James Madison

James Madison Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.

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Laurence Tribe

Laurence Henry "Larry" Tribe (born October 10, 1941) is a Chinese-born American lawyer and scholar who is the Carl M. Loeb University Professor at the Harvard Law School in Harvard University.

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Michael W. McConnell

Michael William McConnell (born May 18, 1955 in Louisville, Kentucky) is a constitutional law scholar who served as a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit from 2002 until 2009.

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Natural and legal rights

Natural and legal rights are two types of rights.

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Originalism

In the context of United States constitutional interpretation, originalism is a way to interpret the Constitution's meaning as stable from the time of enactment, which can be changed only by the steps set out in Article Five.

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Potter Stewart

Potter Stewart (January 23, 1915December 7, 1985) was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from 1958 to 1981.

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Radicals for Capitalism

Radicals for Capitalism: A Freewheeling History of the Modern American Libertarian Movement is a 2007 book about the history of libertarianism in the 20th century by American journalist and Reason senior editor Brian Doherty.

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Right to keep and bear arms in the United States

The right to keep and bear arms in the United States is a fundamental right protected by the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution, part of the Bill of Rights, and by the constitutions of most U.S. states.

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Robert Bork

Robert Heron Bork (March 1, 1927 – December 19, 2012) was an American judge, government official, and legal scholar who advocated the judicial philosophy of originalism.

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Roe v. Wade

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), is a landmark decision issued in 1973 by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of the constitutionality of laws that criminalized or restricted access to abortions.

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Second Amendment to the United States Constitution

The Second Amendment (Amendment II) to the United States Constitution protects the right of the people to keep and bear arms and was adopted on December 15, 1791, as part of the first ten amendments contained in the Bill of Rights.

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Statutory interpretation

Statutory interpretation is the process by which courts interpret and apply legislation.

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Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

The Tenth Amendment (Amendment X) to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, was ratified on December 15, 1791.

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The Federalist Papers

The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers) is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution.

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Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.

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Unenumerated rights

Unenumerated rights are legal rights inferred from other legal rights that are officiated in a retrievable form codified by law institutions, such as in written constitutions, but are not themselves expressly coded or "enumerated" among the explicit writ of the law.

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United Public Workers v. Mitchell

United Public Workers v. Mitchell, 330 U.S. 75 (1947), is a 4-to-3 ruling by the United States Supreme Court which held that the Hatch Act of 1939, as amended in 1940, does not violate the First, Fifth, Ninth, or Tenth amendments to U.S. Constitution.

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United States Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.

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United States Constitution

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.

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United States Government Publishing Office

The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.

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United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.

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Virginia Ratifying Convention

The Virginia Ratifying Convention (also historically referred to as the "Virginia Federal Convention") was a convention of 168 delegates from Virginia who met in 1788 to ratify or reject the United States Constitution, which had been drafted at the Philadelphia Convention the previous year.

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William J. Brennan Jr.

William Joseph Brennan Jr. (April 25, 1906 – July 24, 1997) was an American judge who served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1956 to 1990.

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William O. Douglas

William Orville Douglas (October 16, 1898January 19, 1980) was an American jurist and politician who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

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Redirects here:

9th Amendment to the United States Constitution, Nineth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Ninth Amendment of the United States Constitution, Ninth Amendment to the US Constitution, Ninth amendment to the united states constitution, United States Constitution/Amendment Nine.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ninth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

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