93 relations: Acetone, Aldehyde, Alkali metal, Alkane, Alpha and beta carbon, Amine, Aniline, Annonaceae, Atmosphere (unit), Baeyer–Drewson indigo synthesis, Baeyer–Emmerling indole synthesis, Bartoli indole synthesis, Beta-Nitropropionic acid, Carbanion, Carboxylic acid, Chloramphenicol, Chloroacetic acid, Contact explosive, Decarboxylation, Dimethyl sulfoxide, Edmund ter Meer, Electrophilic aromatic substitution, Enol, Enzyme, Ethyl nitrate, Explosophore, Flavin group, Formaldehyde, Functional group, Fungus, Glucose oxidase, Haloalkane, Halocarbon, Hydrogen, Hydronium, Indigo dye, Indigofera, Isopropyl nitrate, Ketone, Kinetic isotope effect, Lauraceae, Leimgruber–Batcho indole synthesis, Liebigs Annalen, Michael reaction, Natural product, Nef reaction, Nitration, Nitric acid, Nitrile, Nitrite, ..., Nitroaldol reaction, Nitroalkane oxidase, Nitroalkene, Nitrobenzaldehyde, Nitrobenzene, Nitroethane, Nitrogen, Nitroglycerin, Nitromethane, Nitronate, Nitronium ion, Nitropentadecene, Nitrophenol, Nucleophilic aromatic substitution, Nucleophilic substitution, Organic compound, Organic reaction, Organic redox reaction, Organic Syntheses, Organosulfate, Oxime, Palladium on carbon, Papaveraceae, Pheromone, Picric acid, Polar effect, Potassium hydroxide, Primary (chemistry), Propane, Protonation, Radical (chemistry), Reaction mechanism, Reduction of nitro compounds, Silver nitrite, Sodium nitrite, Styphnic acid, Sulfuric acid, Termite, Tick, TNT, Zincke nitration, 1-Nitropropane, 2-Nitropropane. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
The alkali metals are a group (column) in the periodic table consisting of the chemical elements lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K),The symbols Na and K for sodium and potassium are derived from their Latin names, natrium and kalium; these are still the names for the elements in some languages, such as German and Russian.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Aniline is an organic compound with the formula C6H5NH2.
The Annonaceae are a family, the custard apple family, of flowering plants consisting of trees, shrubs, or rarely lianas.
The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as.
The Baeyer–Drewson indigo synthesis (1882) is an organic reaction in which indigo is prepared from 2-nitrobenzaldehyde and acetone The reaction is classified as an aldol condensation.
The Baeyer–Emmerling indole synthesis is a method for synthesizing indole from a (substituted) ortho-nitrocinnamic acid and iron powder in strongly basic solution.
The Bartoli indole synthesis (also called the Bartoli reaction) is the chemical reaction of ortho-substituted nitroarenes with vinyl Grignard reagents to form substituted indoles.
beta-Nitropropionic acid (3-nitropropanoic acid, BPA, 3-NPA, C3H5NO4) is a mycotoxin, a potent mitochondrial inhibitor, toxic to humans.
A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.
Chloroacetic acid, industrially known as monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is the organochlorine compound with the formula ClCH2CO2H.
A contact explosive is a chemical substance that explodes violently when it is exposed to a relatively small amount of energy (friction, pressure, sound, light).
Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2).
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO.
Edmund ter Meer (31 July 1852 – 5 November 1931) was a German chemist who discovered the ter Meer reaction and founded in 1877 the ter Meer dye company in Uerdingen.
Electrophilic aromatic substitution is an organic reaction in which an atom that is attached to an aromatic system (usually hydrogen) is replaced by an electrophile.
Enols, or more formally, alkenols, are a type of reactive structure or intermediate in organic chemistry that is represented as an alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of the alkene double bond.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Ethyl nitrate is the ethyl ester of nitric acid and has the chemical formula.
Explosophores are functional groups in organic chemistry that give organic compounds explosive properties.
Flavin (from Latin flavus, "yellow") is the common name for a group of organic compounds based on pteridine, formed by the tricyclic heterocycle isoalloxazine.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
The glucose oxidase enzyme (GOx) also known as notatin (EC number 220.127.116.11) is an oxido-reductase that catalyses the oxidation of glucose to hydrogen peroxide and D-glucono-δ-lactone.
The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.
Halocarbon compounds are chemicals in which one or more carbon atoms are linked by covalent bonds with one or more halogen atoms (fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine –) resulting in the formation of organofluorine compounds, organochlorine compounds, organobromine compounds, and organoiodine compounds.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
In chemistry, hydronium is the common name for the aqueous cation, the type of oxonium ion produced by protonation of water.
Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo).
Indigofera is a large genus of over 750 species of flowering plants belonging to the pea family Fabaceae.
Isopropyl nitrate (IPN, 2-propyl nitrate) is a colorless liquid monopropellant.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
The kinetic isotope effect (KIE) is the change in the reaction rate of a chemical reaction when one of the atoms in the reactants is replaced by one of its isotopes.
Lauraceae are the laurel family, that includes the true laurel and its closest relatives.
The Leimgruber–Batcho indole synthesis is a series of organic reactions that produce indoles from o-nitrotoluenes 1.
Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie (often cited as just Liebigs Annalen) was one of the oldest and historically most important journals in the field of organic chemistry worldwide.
The Michael reaction or Michael addition is the nucleophilic addition of a carbanion or another nucleophile to an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound.
A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.
The Nef reaction is an organic reaction describing the acid hydrolysis of a salt of a primary or secondary nitroalkane (1) to an aldehyde or a ketone (3) and nitrous oxide (4).
Nitration is a general class of chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group into an organic chemical compound.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.
The nitrite ion, which has the chemical formula, is a symmetric anion with equal N–O bond lengths.
The Henry Reaction (also referred to as the nitro-aldol reaction) is a classic carbon–carbon bond formation reaction in organic chemistry.
In enzymology, a nitroalkane oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction The 3 substrates of this enzyme are nitroalkane, H2O, and O2, whereas its 4 products are aldehyde, ketone, nitrite, and H2O2.
A nitroalkene, or nitro olefin, is a functional group combining the functionality of its constituent parts, an alkene and nitro group, while displaying its own chemical properties through alkene activation, making the functional group useful in specialty reactions such as the Michael reaction or Diels-Alder additions.
Nitrobenzaldehyde may refer to any of the three isomeric chemical compounds.
Nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5NO2.
Nitroethane is an organic compound having the chemical formula C2H5NO2.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), trinitroglycerine, nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a heavy, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ester.
Nitromethane is an organic compound with the chemical formula.
A nitronate (IUPAC: azinate) in organic chemistry is a functional group with the general structure.
The nitronium ion,, is a cation.
Nitropentadecene, or more precisely (E)-1-nitropentadec-1-ene, is a highly toxic unsaturated nitroalkene, the only aliphatic nitro compound known to be synthesized by insects.
Nitrophenols consist of a phenol molecule with one or more nitro-groups attached to the aromatic ring.
Aromatic nucleophilic substitution A nucleophilic aromatic substitution is a substitution reaction in organic chemistry in which the nucleophile displaces a good leaving group, such as a halide, on an aromatic ring.
In organic and inorganic chemistry, nucleophilic substitution is a fundamental class of reactions in which an electron rich nucleophile selectively bonds with or attacks the positive or partially positive charge of an atom or a group of atoms to replace a leaving group; the positive or partially positive atom is referred to as an electrophile.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds.
Organic reductions or organic oxidations or organic redox reactions are redox reactions that take place with organic compounds.
Organic Syntheses is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1921.
Organosulfates are a class of organic compounds sharing a common functional group commonly with the structure R-O-SO3−.
An oxime is a chemical compound belonging to the imines, with the general formula R1R2C.
Palladium on carbon, often referred to as Pd/C, is a form of palladium used as a catalyst.
The Papaveraceae are an economically important family of about 42 genera and approximately 775 known species of flowering plants in the order Ranunculales, informally known as the poppy family.
A pheromone (from Ancient Greek φέρω phero "to bear" and hormone, from Ancient Greek ὁρμή "impetus") is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.
Picric acid is an organic compound with the formula (O2N)3C6H2OH.
The polar effect or electronic effect in chemistry is the effect exerted by a substituent on modifying electrostatic forces operating on a nearby reaction center.
Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH, and is commonly called caustic potash.
Primary is a term used in organic chemistry to classify various types of compounds (e.g. alcohols, alkyl halides, amines) or reactive intermediates (e.g. alkyl radicals, carbocations).
Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8.
In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
In chemistry, a reaction mechanism is the step by step sequence of elementary reactions by which overall chemical change occurs.
The chemical reactions described as reduction of nitro compounds can be affected by many reagents and reaction conditions.
Silver nitrite is an inorganic compound with the formula AgNO2.
Sodium nitrite is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaNO2.
Styphnic acid (from Greek stryphnos "astringent"), or 2,4,6-trinitro-1,3-benzenediol, is a yellow astringent acid that forms hexagonal crystals.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.
Ticks are small arachnids, part of the order Parasitiformes.
Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.
The Zincke nitration is an organic reaction in which a bromine substituent of a phenol or cresol is replaced by a nitro group by treatment with nitrous acid or sodium nitrite.
1-Nitropropane (1-NP) is a solvent.
2-Nitropropane (2-NP) is a solvent.