Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Nitro compound

Index Nitro compound

Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2). [1]

93 relations: Acetone, Aldehyde, Alkali metal, Alkane, Alpha and beta carbon, Amine, Aniline, Annonaceae, Atmosphere (unit), Baeyer–Drewson indigo synthesis, Baeyer–Emmerling indole synthesis, Bartoli indole synthesis, Beta-Nitropropionic acid, Carbanion, Carboxylic acid, Chloramphenicol, Chloroacetic acid, Contact explosive, Decarboxylation, Dimethyl sulfoxide, Edmund ter Meer, Electrophilic aromatic substitution, Enol, Enzyme, Ethyl nitrate, Explosophore, Flavin group, Formaldehyde, Functional group, Fungus, Glucose oxidase, Haloalkane, Halocarbon, Hydrogen, Hydronium, Indigo dye, Indigofera, Isopropyl nitrate, Ketone, Kinetic isotope effect, Lauraceae, Leimgruber–Batcho indole synthesis, Liebigs Annalen, Michael reaction, Natural product, Nef reaction, Nitration, Nitric acid, Nitrile, Nitrite, ..., Nitroaldol reaction, Nitroalkane oxidase, Nitroalkene, Nitrobenzaldehyde, Nitrobenzene, Nitroethane, Nitrogen, Nitroglycerin, Nitromethane, Nitronate, Nitronium ion, Nitropentadecene, Nitrophenol, Nucleophilic aromatic substitution, Nucleophilic substitution, Organic compound, Organic reaction, Organic redox reaction, Organic Syntheses, Organosulfate, Oxime, Palladium on carbon, Papaveraceae, Pheromone, Picric acid, Polar effect, Potassium hydroxide, Primary (chemistry), Propane, Protonation, Radical (chemistry), Reaction mechanism, Reduction of nitro compounds, Silver nitrite, Sodium nitrite, Styphnic acid, Sulfuric acid, Termite, Tick, TNT, Zincke nitration, 1-Nitropropane, 2-Nitropropane. Expand index (43 more) »


Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.

New!!: Nitro compound and Acetone · See more »


An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.

New!!: Nitro compound and Aldehyde · See more »

Alkali metal

The alkali metals are a group (column) in the periodic table consisting of the chemical elements lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K),The symbols Na and K for sodium and potassium are derived from their Latin names, natrium and kalium; these are still the names for the elements in some languages, such as German and Russian.

New!!: Nitro compound and Alkali metal · See more »


In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

New!!: Nitro compound and Alkane · See more »

Alpha and beta carbon

The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.

New!!: Nitro compound and Alpha and beta carbon · See more »


In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

New!!: Nitro compound and Amine · See more »


Aniline is an organic compound with the formula C6H5NH2.

New!!: Nitro compound and Aniline · See more »


The Annonaceae are a family, the custard apple family, of flowering plants consisting of trees, shrubs, or rarely lianas.

New!!: Nitro compound and Annonaceae · See more »

Atmosphere (unit)

The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as.

New!!: Nitro compound and Atmosphere (unit) · See more »

Baeyer–Drewson indigo synthesis

The Baeyer–Drewson indigo synthesis (1882) is an organic reaction in which indigo is prepared from 2-nitrobenzaldehyde and acetone The reaction is classified as an aldol condensation.

New!!: Nitro compound and Baeyer–Drewson indigo synthesis · See more »

Baeyer–Emmerling indole synthesis

The Baeyer–Emmerling indole synthesis is a method for synthesizing indole from a (substituted) ortho-nitrocinnamic acid and iron powder in strongly basic solution.

New!!: Nitro compound and Baeyer–Emmerling indole synthesis · See more »

Bartoli indole synthesis

The Bartoli indole synthesis (also called the Bartoli reaction) is the chemical reaction of ortho-substituted nitroarenes with vinyl Grignard reagents to form substituted indoles.

New!!: Nitro compound and Bartoli indole synthesis · See more »

Beta-Nitropropionic acid

beta-Nitropropionic acid (3-nitropropanoic acid, BPA, 3-NPA, C3H5NO4) is a mycotoxin, a potent mitochondrial inhibitor, toxic to humans.

New!!: Nitro compound and Beta-Nitropropionic acid · See more »


A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).

New!!: Nitro compound and Carbanion · See more »

Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

New!!: Nitro compound and Carboxylic acid · See more »


Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

New!!: Nitro compound and Chloramphenicol · See more »

Chloroacetic acid

Chloroacetic acid, industrially known as monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is the organochlorine compound with the formula ClCH2CO2H.

New!!: Nitro compound and Chloroacetic acid · See more »

Contact explosive

A contact explosive is a chemical substance that explodes violently when it is exposed to a relatively small amount of energy (friction, pressure, sound, light).

New!!: Nitro compound and Contact explosive · See more »


Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2).

New!!: Nitro compound and Decarboxylation · See more »

Dimethyl sulfoxide

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO.

New!!: Nitro compound and Dimethyl sulfoxide · See more »

Edmund ter Meer

Edmund ter Meer (31 July 1852 – 5 November 1931) was a German chemist who discovered the ter Meer reaction and founded in 1877 the ter Meer dye company in Uerdingen.

New!!: Nitro compound and Edmund ter Meer · See more »

Electrophilic aromatic substitution

Electrophilic aromatic substitution is an organic reaction in which an atom that is attached to an aromatic system (usually hydrogen) is replaced by an electrophile.

New!!: Nitro compound and Electrophilic aromatic substitution · See more »


Enols, or more formally, alkenols, are a type of reactive structure or intermediate in organic chemistry that is represented as an alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of the alkene double bond.

New!!: Nitro compound and Enol · See more »


Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Nitro compound and Enzyme · See more »

Ethyl nitrate

Ethyl nitrate is the ethyl ester of nitric acid and has the chemical formula.

New!!: Nitro compound and Ethyl nitrate · See more »


Explosophores are functional groups in organic chemistry that give organic compounds explosive properties.

New!!: Nitro compound and Explosophore · See more »

Flavin group

Flavin (from Latin flavus, "yellow") is the common name for a group of organic compounds based on pteridine, formed by the tricyclic heterocycle isoalloxazine.

New!!: Nitro compound and Flavin group · See more »


No description.

New!!: Nitro compound and Formaldehyde · See more »

Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

New!!: Nitro compound and Functional group · See more »


A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

New!!: Nitro compound and Fungus · See more »

Glucose oxidase

The glucose oxidase enzyme (GOx) also known as notatin (EC number is an oxido-reductase that catalyses the oxidation of glucose to hydrogen peroxide and D-glucono-δ-lactone.

New!!: Nitro compound and Glucose oxidase · See more »


The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.

New!!: Nitro compound and Haloalkane · See more »


Halocarbon compounds are chemicals in which one or more carbon atoms are linked by covalent bonds with one or more halogen atoms (fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine –) resulting in the formation of organofluorine compounds, organochlorine compounds, organobromine compounds, and organoiodine compounds.

New!!: Nitro compound and Halocarbon · See more »


Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Nitro compound and Hydrogen · See more »


In chemistry, hydronium is the common name for the aqueous cation, the type of oxonium ion produced by protonation of water.

New!!: Nitro compound and Hydronium · See more »

Indigo dye

Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo).

New!!: Nitro compound and Indigo dye · See more »


Indigofera is a large genus of over 750 species of flowering plants belonging to the pea family Fabaceae.

New!!: Nitro compound and Indigofera · See more »

Isopropyl nitrate

Isopropyl nitrate (IPN, 2-propyl nitrate) is a colorless liquid monopropellant.

New!!: Nitro compound and Isopropyl nitrate · See more »


In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.

New!!: Nitro compound and Ketone · See more »

Kinetic isotope effect

The kinetic isotope effect (KIE) is the change in the reaction rate of a chemical reaction when one of the atoms in the reactants is replaced by one of its isotopes.

New!!: Nitro compound and Kinetic isotope effect · See more »


Lauraceae are the laurel family, that includes the true laurel and its closest relatives.

New!!: Nitro compound and Lauraceae · See more »

Leimgruber–Batcho indole synthesis

The Leimgruber–Batcho indole synthesis is a series of organic reactions that produce indoles from o-nitrotoluenes 1.

New!!: Nitro compound and Leimgruber–Batcho indole synthesis · See more »

Liebigs Annalen

Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie (often cited as just Liebigs Annalen) was one of the oldest and historically most important journals in the field of organic chemistry worldwide.

New!!: Nitro compound and Liebigs Annalen · See more »

Michael reaction

The Michael reaction or Michael addition is the nucleophilic addition of a carbanion or another nucleophile to an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound.

New!!: Nitro compound and Michael reaction · See more »

Natural product

A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.

New!!: Nitro compound and Natural product · See more »

Nef reaction

The Nef reaction is an organic reaction describing the acid hydrolysis of a salt of a primary or secondary nitroalkane (1) to an aldehyde or a ketone (3) and nitrous oxide (4).

New!!: Nitro compound and Nef reaction · See more »


Nitration is a general class of chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group into an organic chemical compound.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitration · See more »

Nitric acid

Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitric acid · See more »


A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitrile · See more »


The nitrite ion, which has the chemical formula, is a symmetric anion with equal N–O bond lengths.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitrite · See more »

Nitroaldol reaction

The Henry Reaction (also referred to as the nitro-aldol reaction) is a classic carbon–carbon bond formation reaction in organic chemistry.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitroaldol reaction · See more »

Nitroalkane oxidase

In enzymology, a nitroalkane oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction The 3 substrates of this enzyme are nitroalkane, H2O, and O2, whereas its 4 products are aldehyde, ketone, nitrite, and H2O2.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitroalkane oxidase · See more »


A nitroalkene, or nitro olefin, is a functional group combining the functionality of its constituent parts, an alkene and nitro group, while displaying its own chemical properties through alkene activation, making the functional group useful in specialty reactions such as the Michael reaction or Diels-Alder additions.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitroalkene · See more »


Nitrobenzaldehyde may refer to any of the three isomeric chemical compounds.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitrobenzaldehyde · See more »


Nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5NO2.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitrobenzene · See more »


Nitroethane is an organic compound having the chemical formula C2H5NO2.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitroethane · See more »


Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitrogen · See more »


Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), trinitroglycerine, nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a heavy, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ester.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitroglycerin · See more »


Nitromethane is an organic compound with the chemical formula.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitromethane · See more »


A nitronate (IUPAC: azinate) in organic chemistry is a functional group with the general structure.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitronate · See more »

Nitronium ion

The nitronium ion,, is a cation.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitronium ion · See more »


Nitropentadecene, or more precisely (E)-1-nitropentadec-1-ene, is a highly toxic unsaturated nitroalkene, the only aliphatic nitro compound known to be synthesized by insects.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitropentadecene · See more »


Nitrophenols consist of a phenol molecule with one or more nitro-groups attached to the aromatic ring.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nitrophenol · See more »

Nucleophilic aromatic substitution

Aromatic nucleophilic substitution A nucleophilic aromatic substitution is a substitution reaction in organic chemistry in which the nucleophile displaces a good leaving group, such as a halide, on an aromatic ring.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nucleophilic aromatic substitution · See more »

Nucleophilic substitution

In organic and inorganic chemistry, nucleophilic substitution is a fundamental class of reactions in which an electron rich nucleophile selectively bonds with or attacks the positive or partially positive charge of an atom or a group of atoms to replace a leaving group; the positive or partially positive atom is referred to as an electrophile.

New!!: Nitro compound and Nucleophilic substitution · See more »

Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

New!!: Nitro compound and Organic compound · See more »

Organic reaction

Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds.

New!!: Nitro compound and Organic reaction · See more »

Organic redox reaction

Organic reductions or organic oxidations or organic redox reactions are redox reactions that take place with organic compounds.

New!!: Nitro compound and Organic redox reaction · See more »

Organic Syntheses

Organic Syntheses is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1921.

New!!: Nitro compound and Organic Syntheses · See more »


Organosulfates are a class of organic compounds sharing a common functional group commonly with the structure R-O-SO3−.

New!!: Nitro compound and Organosulfate · See more »


An oxime is a chemical compound belonging to the imines, with the general formula R1R2C.

New!!: Nitro compound and Oxime · See more »

Palladium on carbon

Palladium on carbon, often referred to as Pd/C, is a form of palladium used as a catalyst.

New!!: Nitro compound and Palladium on carbon · See more »


The Papaveraceae are an economically important family of about 42 genera and approximately 775 known species of flowering plants in the order Ranunculales, informally known as the poppy family.

New!!: Nitro compound and Papaveraceae · See more »


A pheromone (from Ancient Greek φέρω phero "to bear" and hormone, from Ancient Greek ὁρμή "impetus") is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.

New!!: Nitro compound and Pheromone · See more »

Picric acid

Picric acid is an organic compound with the formula (O2N)3C6H2OH.

New!!: Nitro compound and Picric acid · See more »

Polar effect

The polar effect or electronic effect in chemistry is the effect exerted by a substituent on modifying electrostatic forces operating on a nearby reaction center.

New!!: Nitro compound and Polar effect · See more »

Potassium hydroxide

Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH, and is commonly called caustic potash.

New!!: Nitro compound and Potassium hydroxide · See more »

Primary (chemistry)

Primary is a term used in organic chemistry to classify various types of compounds (e.g. alcohols, alkyl halides, amines) or reactive intermediates (e.g. alkyl radicals, carbocations).

New!!: Nitro compound and Primary (chemistry) · See more »


Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8.

New!!: Nitro compound and Propane · See more »


In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.

New!!: Nitro compound and Protonation · See more »

Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

New!!: Nitro compound and Radical (chemistry) · See more »

Reaction mechanism

In chemistry, a reaction mechanism is the step by step sequence of elementary reactions by which overall chemical change occurs.

New!!: Nitro compound and Reaction mechanism · See more »

Reduction of nitro compounds

The chemical reactions described as reduction of nitro compounds can be affected by many reagents and reaction conditions.

New!!: Nitro compound and Reduction of nitro compounds · See more »

Silver nitrite

Silver nitrite is an inorganic compound with the formula AgNO2.

New!!: Nitro compound and Silver nitrite · See more »

Sodium nitrite

Sodium nitrite is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaNO2.

New!!: Nitro compound and Sodium nitrite · See more »

Styphnic acid

Styphnic acid (from Greek stryphnos "astringent"), or 2,4,6-trinitro-1,3-benzenediol, is a yellow astringent acid that forms hexagonal crystals.

New!!: Nitro compound and Styphnic acid · See more »

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.

New!!: Nitro compound and Sulfuric acid · See more »


Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.

New!!: Nitro compound and Termite · See more »


Ticks are small arachnids, part of the order Parasitiformes.

New!!: Nitro compound and Tick · See more »


Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.

New!!: Nitro compound and TNT · See more »

Zincke nitration

The Zincke nitration is an organic reaction in which a bromine substituent of a phenol or cresol is replaced by a nitro group by treatment with nitrous acid or sodium nitrite.

New!!: Nitro compound and Zincke nitration · See more »


1-Nitropropane (1-NP) is a solvent.

New!!: Nitro compound and 1-Nitropropane · See more »


2-Nitropropane (2-NP) is a solvent.

New!!: Nitro compound and 2-Nitropropane · See more »

Redirects here:

-NO2, Nitro Compounds, Nitro compounds, Nitro functional group, Nitro group, Nitro-, Nitroalkane, Nitroaromatic compound, Nitroparaffin, Ter Meer reaction.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitro_compound

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »