126 relations: Acetate disc, Acetic acid, Adolf Carl Noé, Aircraft dope, Alcohol, Alexander Parkes, Alfred Nobel, Amino acid, Ansco, Asbestos, Ascanio Sobrero, Atomic force microscopy, Auditorium, Basel, Billiard ball, Braunschweig, Camphor, Catalysis, Celluloid, Cellulose, Cellulose acetate film, Cellulose triacetate, Chemical & Engineering News, Chloride, Christian Friedrich Schönbein, Cleveland, Cleveland Clinic fire of 1929, Coal ball, Collodion, Connections (TV series), Copenhagen Suborbitals, Cordite, Cotton, County Limerick, Cue sports, Diethyl ether, Dryden Theatre, DuPont, Egg white, Electrophilic substitution, Ester, Ethanol, Ether, Explosive material, Faversham, Faversham explosives industry, Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, Film base, Film preservation, Film stock, ..., Firearm, Frederick Abel, Frederick Scott Archer, French Academy of Sciences, From the Earth to the Moon, George Eastman Museum, Gibson, Glen Cinema disaster, Glycine, Guitar, Gunpowder, Hannibal Goodwin, Henri Braconnot, Intravenous therapy, James Burke (science historian), Jean-Baptiste Dumas, John Wesley Hyatt, Jules Verne, Katyusha rocket launcher, Kodak, Lacquer, London Underground, Magic (illusion), Merck Index, Musée de l'Armée, Nail polish, Naval mine, Nitration, Nitric acid, Nitrocellulose slide, Nitroglycerin, Nitronium ion, Nitrostarch, Northern blot, One-time pad, Paisley, Renfrewshire, Paul Marie Eugène Vieille, Periodic Videos, Photographic film, Photography, Plasticizer, Playing card, Polyester, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polymer degradation, Potassium nitrate, Propellant, Proton, Radon, Room temperature, Rudolf Christian Böttger, Salicylic acid, Silver halide, Smokeless powder, Solid-propellant rocket, Southern blot, Stapler, Sulfate, Sulfuric acid, Synthetic membrane, Table tennis, Théophile-Jules Pelouze, The New York Times, Thermoplastic, TNT equivalent, Torpedo, United States dollar, University of Chicago Press, Waltham Abbey Royal Gunpowder Mills, Warhead, Western blot, X-ray, 16 mm film, 2015 Tianjin explosions, 8 mm film, 9.5 mm film. Expand index (76 more) » « Shrink index
An acetate disc is a type of phonograph (gramophone) record, a mechanical sound storage medium, widely used from the 1930s to the late 1950s for recording and broadcast purposes and still in limited use today.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Adolf Carl Noé (born Adolf Carl Noé von Archenegg; October 28, 1873 – April 10, 1939) was an Austrian-born paleobotanist.
Aircraft dope is a plasticised lacquer that is applied to fabric-covered aircraft (both full-size and flying models).
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alexander Parkes (29 December 1813 29 June 1890) was a metallurgist and inventor from Birmingham, England.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel (21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Ansco was the brand name of a photographic company based in Binghamton, New York, which produced photographic films, papers and cameras from the mid-1800s until the 1980s.
Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, which all have in common their eponymous asbestiform habit: i.e. long (roughly 1:20 aspect ratio), thin fibrous crystals, with each visible fiber composed of millions of microscopic "fibrils" that can be released by abrasion and other processes.
Ascanio Sobrero (12 October 1812 – 26 May 1888) was an Italian chemist, born in Casale Monferrato.
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) or scanning force microscopy (SFM) is a very-high-resolution type of scanning probe microscopy (SPM), with demonstrated resolution on the order of fractions of a nanometer, more than 1000 times better than the optical diffraction limit.
An auditorium is a room built to enable an audience to hear and watch performances at venues such as theatres.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
A billiard ball is a small, hard ball used in cue sports, such as carom billiards, pool, and snooker.
Braunschweig (Low German: Brunswiek), also called Brunswick in English, is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, north of the Harz mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker river which connects it to the North Sea via the Aller and Weser rivers.
Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Cellulose acetate film, or safety film, is used in photography as a base material for photographic emulsions.
Cellulose triacetate, (triacetate, CTA or TAC) is a chemical compound produced from cellulose and a source of acetate esters, typically acetic anhydride.
Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN) is a weekly trade magazine published by the American Chemical Society, providing professional and technical information in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
Prof Christian Friedrich Schönbein HFRSE(18 October 1799 – 29 August 1868) was a German-Swiss chemist who is best known for inventing the fuel cell (1838) at the same time as William Robert Grove and his discoveries of guncotton and ozone.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
The Cleveland Clinic fire was a major structure fire at Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio on May 15, 1929.
A coal ball is a type of concretion, varying in shape from an imperfect sphere to a flat-lying, irregular slab.
Collodion is a flammable, syrupy solution of pyroxylin (a.k.a. "nitrocellulose", "cellulose nitrate", "flash paper", and "gun cotton") in ether and alcohol.
Connections is a 10-episode documentary television series and 1978 book (Connections, based on the series) created, written, and presented by science historian James Burke.
Copenhagen Suborbitals is the world's only manned, amateur, crowd funded space programme.
* Cordite is a family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom since 1889 to replace gunpowder as a military propellant.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
County Limerick (Contae Luimnigh) is a county in Ireland.
Cue sports (sometimes written cuesports), also known as billiard sports, are a wide variety of games of skill generally played with a cue stick, which is used to strike billiard balls and thereby cause them to move around a cloth-covered billiards table bounded by elastic bumpers known as.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
The Dryden Theatre is located at the George Eastman Museum, in Rochester, New York in the United States.
Egg white is the clear liquid (also called the albumen or the glair/glaire) contained within an egg.
Electrophilic substitution reactions are chemical reactions in which an electrophile displaces a functional group in a compound, which is typically, but not always, a hydrogen atom.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
Faversham is a market town and civil parish in the Swale district of Kent, England.
The Faversham explosives industry: Faversham, in Kent, England, has claims to be the cradle of the UK's explosives industry: it was also to become one of its main centres.
Fender Musical Instruments Corporation (FMIC), commonly referred to simply as Fender, is an American manufacturer of stringed instruments and amplifiers.
A film base is a transparent substrate which acts as a support medium for the photosensitive emulsion that lies atop it.
Film preservation, or film restoration, describes a series of ongoing efforts among film historians, archivists, museums, cinematheques, and non-profit organizations to rescue decaying film stock and preserve the images which they contain.
Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, 1st Baronet GCVO, KCB, FRS (17 July 18276 September 1902) was an English chemist.
Frederick Scott Archer (1813 – 1 May 1857) invented the photographic collodion process which preceded the modern gelatin emulsion.
The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.
From the Earth to the Moon (De la terre à la lune) is an 1865 novel by Jules Verne.
The George Eastman Museum, the world's oldest museum dedicated to photography and one of the world's oldest film archives, opened to the public in 1949 in Rochester, New York.
Gibson Brands, Inc. (formerly Gibson Guitar Corp.) is an American manufacturer of guitars, other musical instruments, and consumer and professional electronics from Kalamazoo, Michigan and now based in Nashville, Tennessee.
The Glen Cinema disaster was caused by a smoking film canister at a cinema in Paisley, Scotland on 31 December 1929.
Glycine (symbol Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Hannibal Williston Goodwin (April 21, 1822 – December 31, 1900), was an Episcopal priest at the House of Prayer Episcopal Church and Rectory in Newark, New Jersey, patented a method for making transparent, flexible roll film out of nitrocellulose film base, which was used in Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope, an early machine for viewing motion pictures.
Henri Braconnot (May 29, 1780, Commercy, Meuse – January 15, 1855, Nancy) was a French chemist and pharmacist.
Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).
James Burke (born 22 December 1936) is a British broadcaster, science historian, author, and television producer, who is known, among other things, for his documentary television series Connections (1978), and for its more philosophically oriented companion series, The Day the Universe Changed (1985), which is about the history of science and technology.
Jean Baptiste André Dumas (14 July 180010 April 1884) was a French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights (relative atomic masses) and molecular weights by measuring vapor densities.
John Wesley Hyatt (November 28, 1837 – May 10, 1920) was an American inventor.
Jules Gabriel Verne (Longman Pronunciation Dictionary.; 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright.
The Katyusha multiple rocket launcher (a) is a type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
The term lacquer is used for a number of hard and potentially shiny finishes applied to materials such as wood.
The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
Magic, along with its subgenres of, and sometimes referred to as illusion, stage magic or street magic is a performing art in which audiences are entertained by staged tricks or illusions of seemingly impossible feats using natural means.
The Merck Index is an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs and biologicals with over 10,000 monographs on single substances or groups of related compounds.
The Musée de l'Armée (Army Museum) is a national military museum of France located at Les Invalides in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.
Nail polish (also known as nail varnish) is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plates.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
Nitration is a general class of chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group into an organic chemical compound.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
A nitrocellulose slide (or nitrocellulose film slide) is a glass microscope slide that is coated with nitrocellulose that is used to bind biological material, often protein, for colorimetric and fluorescence detection assays.
Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), trinitroglycerine, nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a heavy, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ester.
The nitronium ion,, is a cation.
Nitrostarch is a secondary explosive similar to nitrocellulose made by the nitration of starch by a mixture of sulfuric acid and nitric acid.
The northern blot, or RNA blot,Gilbert, S. F. (2000) Developmental Biology, 6th Ed.
In cryptography, the one-time pad (OTP) is an encryption technique that cannot be cracked, but requires the use of a one-time pre-shared key the same size as, or longer than, the message being sent.
Paisley (Pàislig, Paisley) is the largest town in the historic county of Renfrewshire in the west central Lowlands of Scotland and serves as the administrative centre for the Renfrewshire council area.
Paul Marie Eugène Vieille (2 September 1854 – 14 January 1934), a graduate of Ecole Polytechnique, was a French chemist and the inventor of modern nitrocellulose-based smokeless gunpowder in 1884.
The Periodic Table of Videos (usually shortened to Periodic Videos) is a series of videos about chemical elements and the periodic table.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.
A playing card is a piece of specially prepared heavy paper, thin cardboard, plastic-coated paper, cotton-paper blend, or thin plastic, marked with distinguishing motifs and used as one of a set for playing card games.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.
Polymer degradation is a change in the properties—tensile strength, color, shape, etc.—of a polymer or polymer-based product under the influence of one or more environmental factors such as heat, light or chemicals such as acids, alkalis and some salts.
Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KNO3.
A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.
Radon is a chemical element with symbol Rn and atomic number 86.
Colloquially, room temperature is the range of air temperatures that most people prefer for indoor settings, which feel comfortable when wearing typical indoor clothing.
Rudolf Christian Böttger (28 April 1806 – 29 April 1881) was a German inorganic chemist.
Salicylic acid (from Latin salix, willow tree) is a lipophilic monohydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, and a beta hydroxy acid (BHA).
A silver halide (or silver salt) is one of the chemical compounds that can form between the element silver and one of the halogens.
Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.
A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer).
A Southern blot is a method used in molecular biology for detection of a specific DNA sequence in DNA samples.
A stapler is a mechanical device that joins pages of paper or similar material by driving a thin metal staple through the sheets and folding the ends.
The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
An artificial membrane, or synthetic membrane, is a synthetically created membrane which is usually intended for separation purposes in laboratory or in industry.
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small bats.
Théophile-Jules Pelouze (also known as Jules Pelouze, Théophile Pelouze, Theo Pelouze, or T. J. Pelouze,; 26 February 1807 – 31 May 1867) was a French chemist.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
The Royal Gunpowder Mills, Waltham Abbey, an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage, (ERIH), set in of parkland and containing 21 buildings of major historical importance, mixes history, science, and attractive surroundings.
A warhead is the explosive or toxic material that is delivered by a missile, rocket, or torpedo.
The western blot (sometimes called the protein immunoblot) is a widely used analytical technique used in molecular biology, immunogenetics and other molecular biology disciplines to detect specific proteins in a sample of tissue homogenate or extract.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
16 mm film is a historically popular and economical gauge of film.
On 12 August 2015, a series of explosions killed 173 people and injured hundreds of others at a container storage station at the Port of Tianjin.
8 mm film is a motion picture film format in which the film strip is eight millimeters wide.
9.5 mm film is an amateur film format introduced by Pathé Frères in 1922 as part of the Pathé Baby amateur film system.
C6H8(NO2)2O5, Cellulose nitrate, Collodion cotton, Flash Paper (Nitrocellulose), Flash cotton, Gun Cottont, Gun cotton, Gun-Cotton, Gun-cotton, Guncotton, Nitrate film, Nitrate film stock, Nitrate stock, Nitro-cellulose, Nitrocellulose film, Nitrocotton, Parlodion, Pyroxylin, Pyroxyline, Soluble guncotton.