230 relations: Achnacarry, Admiral, Allied invasion of Italy, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Antwerp, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Artillery observer, Augustus Charles Newman, Axis powers, Ayr, Backpack, Bangalore torpedo, Barbed wire, Battalion, Battle honour, Battle of Anzio, Battle of Crete, Battle of Hill 170, Battle of Madagascar, Battle of the Argenta Gap, Battle of the Scheldt, Battle of Walcheren Causeway, Bavent, Bayonet, BBC, Beaumont-en-Auge, Bergen op Zoom, Blankenberge, Boulleville, Bren light machine gun, Breskens, Brigade, Brigadier, Brigadier (United Kingdom), British Army, Brodie helmet, Bunker, Burma Campaign, Caen, Canal de Caen à la Mer, Canary Islands, Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Cardiff Docks, Château, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Clerk, Combined Operations Headquarters, Commanding officer, Commandos (United Kingdom), ..., Compass, Dartmouth, Devon, DD tank, Dieppe, Dieppe Raid, Distinguished Service Order, Division (military), Dodecanese campaign, Domburg, Dover, Dudley Clarke, Dunkirk evacuation, Dutch resistance, E-boat, East Yorkshire Regiment, English Channel, Falmouth, Cornwall, Far East, Fire support base, First Canadian Army, Fish oil, Flamethrower, Flare gun, Free Norwegian forces, General (United Kingdom), George VI, German military administration in occupied France during World War II, German-occupied Europe, GHQ Liaison Regiment, Green beret, Guerrilla warfare, Hebrides, HMS Glengyle, HMS Queen Emma, HMS Royal Scotsman, Independent Company, Infantry, Invasion of Normandy, Inveraray, Italian Campaign (World War II), John Dill, La Brèche, Landing Craft Assault, Landing Craft Infantry, Landing ship, infantry, Lee–Enfield, Lewes, Lieutenant, Lieutenant colonel, Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom), Lieutenant general, Lion-sur-Mer, Lofoten, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Major, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Middelburg, Military campaign, Military Cross, Military exercise, Military glider, Mortar (weapon), Motor Gun Boat, Motor Launch, Mouse-holing, Neufchâtel-Hardelot, Newhaven, East Sussex, Nigeria, No. 1 Commando, No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando, No. 12 Commando, No. 2 Commando, No. 3 Commando, No. 46 (Royal Marine) Commando, No. 47 (Royal Marine) Commando, No. 5 Commando, No. 6 Commando, No. 7 Commando, No. 9 Commando, Non-commissioned officer, Normandy, Normandy landings, North Africa, North African Campaign, North-West Europe Campaign of 1944–45, Norwegian Campaign, Operation Abercrombie, Operation Archery, Operation Claymore, Operation Devon, Operation Infatuate, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Roast, Operation Varsity, Ordnance QF 25-pounder, Orne (river), Other ranks (UK), Ouistreham, Outer Hebrides, Partisan (military), Patrick Anthony Porteous, Pegasus Bridge, Penny, Percy Legard, Pettiward family, Philippe Kieffer, PIAT, Port of Southampton, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prisoner of war, Quiberville, RAF Ringway, Ranks in the French Navy, Ration stamp, Recklinghausen, Regimental sergeant major, River Clyde, River Thames, Robert Sturges, Royal Air Force, Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, Royal Marines, Royal Navy, Sallenelles, Scapa Flow, Scheldt, Schouwen-Duiveland, Scottish Highlands, Seaford, East Sussex, Second-in-command, Section (military unit), Sierra Leone, Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat, Sniper, Solent, South Holland, Southampton, Special Boat Service, Special Service Brigade, St Nazaire Raid, Staff (military), Sussex, Sword Beach, Syria–Lebanon Campaign, Tactical recognition flash, The Royal New Brunswick Regiment, Troon, Troop, Troop sergeant major, Tunisian Campaign, U-boat, United States Army Rangers, Varengeville-sur-Mer, Vickers K machine gun, Vickers machine gun, Victoria Cross, Vlissingen, Vrouwenpolder, War Office, West Africa, Westkapelle, Netherlands, Weymouth and Portland, Weymouth Pavilion, Winston Churchill, World War II, Zoutelande, 13th/18th Royal Hussars, 1978 South Lebanon conflict, 1st Special Service Brigade, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 40 Commando, 45 Commando, 4th Special Service Brigade, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards, 6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 6th Airlanding Brigade (United Kingdom), 716th Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht). Expand index (180 more) » « Shrink index
Achnacarry (Achadh na Cairidh; 'field of the fish-trap/weir') is a small hamlet, private estate, and a castle in the Lochaber region of Highland, Scotland.
Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
A military artillery observer or spotter or FO (forward observer) is responsible for directing artillery and mortar fire onto a target, and may be a Forward Air Controller (FAC) for close air support and spotter for naval gunfire support.
Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Charles Newman (19 August 1904 – 26 April 1972) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Ayr (Inbhir Àir, "Mouth of the River Ayr") is a large town and former Royal Burgh on the west coast of Ayrshire in Scotland.
A backpack — also called bookbag, kitbag, knapsack, rucksack, rucksac, pack, sackpack or backsack — is, in its simplest form, a cloth sack carried on one's back and secured with two straps that go over the shoulders, but there can be variations to this basic design.
A Bangalore torpedo is an explosive charge placed within one or several connected tubes.
Barbed wire, also known as barb wire, less often as bob wire or, in the southeastern United States, bobbed wire, is a type of steel fencing wire constructed with sharp edges or points arranged at intervals along the strand(s).
A battalion is a military unit.
A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.
The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from January 22, 1944 (beginning with the Allied amphibious landing known as Operation Shingle) to June 5, 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome).
The Battle of Crete (Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta, also Unternehmen Merkur, "Operation Mercury," Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during the Second World War on the Greek island of Crete.
The Battle of Hill 170 was a battle between the British 3rd Commando Brigade and the Japanese 54th Division during the Second World War.
The Battle of Madagascar was the British campaign to capture Vichy French-controlled Madagascar during World War II.
The Battle of the Argenta Gap was an engagement which formed part of the Allied spring 1945 offensive during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.
The Battle of the Scheldt in World War II was a series of military operations by Canadian, British and Polish formations to open up the shipping route to Antwerp so that its port could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.
The Battle of Walcheren Causeway (Operation Vitality) was an engagement of the Battle of the Scheldt between the 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade, elements of the British 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, notably the Glasgow Highlanders, and troops of the German 15th Army in 1944.
Bavent is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beaumont-en-Auge is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Bergen op Zoom (called Berrege in the local dialect) is a municipality and a city located in the south of the Netherlands.
Blankenberge (West Flemish: Blanknberge) is a town and a municipality in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
Boulleville is a commune in the Eure department in Normandy in northern France.
The Bren gun, usually called simply the Bren, are a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992.
Breskens is a harbour town on the Westerschelde in the municipality of Sluis in the province of Zeeland, in the south-western Netherlands.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.
Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The Brodie helmet is a steel combat helmet designed and patented in London in 1915 by John Leopold Brodie.
A bunker is a defensive military fortification designed to protect people or valued materials from falling bombs or other attacks.
The Burma Campaign was a series of battles fought in the British colony of Burma, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, primarily between the forces of the British Empire and China, with support from the United States, against the invading forces of Imperial Japan, Thailand, and the Indian National Army.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
Canal de Caen à la Mer (Canal from Caen to the sea) also called the "Caen Canal") is a short canal in the department (préfecture) of Calvados, France, connecting the Port of Caen, in the city of Caen, downstream to the town of Ouistreham and the English Channel. Running from north north-east to south south-west, the canal runs parallel to the Orne River which feeds it, it is long, and comprises two locks. Digging began in 1837, and when it was opened on August 23, 1857 it was only deep. It was deepened in 1920. The canal began with the dock at St. Peter's Basin (Bassin Saint-Pierre), in the downtown area of Caen. The canal is made up of a group of quays and docks. The current depth is, and the width can reach in the dock of Calix). The quay at Blainville-sur-Orne measures more than. It acts as the fourth commercial French port for the importation of exotic wood, generally coming from the Gulf of Guinea. It also loads and unloads iron, fertilizer, coal, and construction material. The port exports cereals that are produced in the area and has a silo capacity of 33,000 tons. One of the two locks at the port of Ouistreham, at the mouth of the canal, can accommodate ships of more than length. Also at Blainville is a Renault Trucks manufacturing plant. The plant is across the canal from the town, to the southeast, between the canal and the Orne River. Just across the river from the plant is the community of Colombelles. The channel passes the side of the Château de Bénouville. The famous Pegasus Bridge (aka "Ham"), from D-Day, June 6, 1944, crossed the canal near the village of Bénouville. The canal was considered both tactically and strategically important during the opening phases of the Battle of Normandy, as it was located on the eastern flank of the Allied beachhead area. The bridge was replaced in 1994.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.
Cardiff Docks is a port in southern Cardiff, Wales.
A château (plural châteaux; in both cases) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions.
Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A clerk is a white-collar worker who conducts general office tasks, or a worker who performs similar sales-related tasks in a retail environment (a retail clerk).
Combined Operations Headquarters was a department of the British War Office set up during Second World War to harass the Germans on the European continent by means of raids carried out by use of combined naval and army forces.
The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.
The Commandos also known as British Commandos were formed during the Second World War in June 1940, following a request from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, for a force that could carry out raids against German-occupied Europe.
A compass is an instrument used for navigation and orientation that shows direction relative to the geographic cardinal directions (or points).
Dartmouth is a town and civil parish in the English county of Devon.
DD or Duplex Drive tanks, nicknamed "Donald Duck tanks", were a type of amphibious swimming tank developed by the British during the Second World War.
Dieppe is a coastal community in the Arrondissement of Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northern France.
The Dieppe Raid was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France on 19 August 1942, during the Second World War.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Dodecanese campaign of World War II was an attempt by Allied forces to capture the Italian-held Dodecanese islands in the Aegean Sea following the surrender of Italy in September 1943, and use them as bases against the German-controlled Balkans.
Domburg is a seaside resort on the North Sea, on the northwest coast of Walcheren in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
Brigadier Dudley Wrangel Clarke (–) was an officer in the British Army, known as a pioneer of military deception operations during the Second World War.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
The Dutch resistance to the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands during World War II can be mainly characterized by its prominent non-violence, peaking at over 300,000 people in hiding in the autumn of 1944, tended to by some 60,000 to 200,000 illegal landlords and caretakers and tolerated knowingly by some one million people, including a few incidental individuals among German occupiers and military.
E-boat was the Western Allies' designation for the fast attack craft (German: Schnellboot, or S-Boot, meaning "fast boat") of the Kriegsmarine during World War II.
The East Yorkshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1685 as Sir William Clifton's Regiment of Foot and later renamed the 15th Regiment of Foot.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
Falmouth (Aberfala) is a town, civil parish and port on the River Fal on the south coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
The Far East is a geographical term in English that usually refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.
A fire support base (FSB, firebase or FB) is a temporary military encampment to provide artillery fire support to infantry operating in areas beyond the normal range of fire support from their own base camps.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
Fish oil is oil derived from the tissues of oily fish.
A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire.
A flare gun, also known as a Very pistol or signal pistol, is a large-bore handgun that discharges flares.
The Norwegian armed forces in exile (Utefronten, "Forces Abroad") were remnants of the armed forces of Norway that continued to fight the Axis powers from Allied countries, such as Britain and Canada, after they had escaped the German conquest of Norway during World War II.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
The Military Administration in France (Militärverwaltung in Frankreich; Occupation de la France par l'Allemagne) was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France.
German-occupied Europe refers to the sovereign countries of Europe which were occupied by the military forces of Nazi Germany at various times between 1939 and 1945 and administered by the Nazi regime.
GHQ Liaison Regiment (known as Phantom) was a special reconnaissance unit first formed in 1939 during the early stages of World War II.
The green beret was the official headdress of the British Commandos of the Second World War.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
The Hebrides (Innse Gall,; Suðreyjar) compose a widespread and diverse archipelago off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
HMS Glengyle was a cargo ship that served in the Second World War as an infantry landing ship (large) of the Royal Navy.
HMS Queen Emma was a commando troop ship of the Royal Navy during the Second World War.
HMS Royal Scotsman was an LSI of the British Royal Navy that served during World War II.
An Independent Company was a formation of the British Army during the Second World War.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
Inveraray; (or; Inbhir Aora; "mouth of the Aray") is a town in Argyll and Bute, Scotland.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
Field Marshal Sir John Greer Dill, (25 December 1881 – 4 November 1944) was a senior British Army officer with service in both the First World War and the Second World War.
La Brèche is a 2007 documentary film.
Landing Craft Assault (LCA) was a landing craft used extensively in World War II.
The Landing Craft Infantry (LCI) were several classes of seagoing amphibious assault ships of the Second World War used to land large numbers of infantry directly onto beaches.
A Landing ship, infantry (LSI) or infantry landing ship was one of a number of types of British Commonwealth vessels used to transport landing craft and troops engaged in amphibious warfare during the Second World War.
The Lee–Enfield is a bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle that served as the main firearm used by the military forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth during the first half of the 20th century.
Lewes is the county town of East Sussex and formerly all of Sussex.
A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, Lieut and similar) is a junior commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
Lion-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Lofoten is an archipelago and a traditional district in the county of Nordland, Norway.
Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, (born Prince Louis of Battenberg; 25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979) was a British Royal Navy officer and statesman, an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and second cousin once removed of Queen Elizabeth II.
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
Middelburg is a city and municipality in the south-western Netherlands serving as the capital of the province of Zeeland.
The term military campaign applies to large scale, long duration, significant military strategy plans incorporating a series of inter-related military operations or battles forming a distinct part of a larger conflict often called a war.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
A military exercise or war game is the employment of military resources in training for military operations, either exploring the effects of warfare or testing strategies without actual combat.
Military gliders (an offshoot of common gliders) have been used by the military of various countries for carrying troops (glider infantry) and heavy equipment to a combat zone, mainly during the Second World War.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
Motor Gun Boat (MGB) was a Royal Navy term for a small military vessel of the Second World War.
A motor launch (ML) is a small military vessel in Royal Navy service.
Mouse-holing is a tactic used in urban warfare, in which soldiers create access to adjoining rooms or buildings by blasting or tunneling through a wall.
Neufchâtel-Hardelot is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Newhaven is a town in the Lewes District of East Sussex in England.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.
Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
North-West Europe Campaign of 1944–1945 is a battle honour earned by regiments in the Commonwealth forces during the Second World War.
The Norwegian Campaign (9 April to 10 June 1940) was fought in Norway between Norway, the Allies and Germany in World War II after the latter's invasion of the country.
During World War II, Operation Abercrombie was an Anglo-Canadian reconnaissance raid on the area around the French coastal village of Hardelot, located south of Boulogne-sur-Mer, in the Pas-de-Calais.
Operation Archery, also known as the Måløy Raid, was a British Combined Operations raid during World War II against German positions on the island of Vågsøy, Norway, on 27 December 1941.
Operation Claymore was the code name for a British commando raid on the Lofoten Islands in Norway during the Second World War.
Operation Devon was the codeword given to an amphibious landing by British Commandos at Termoli on the Adriatic coast of Italy during the Italian Campaign of World War II.
Operation Infatuate was the code name given to an Anglo-Canadian operation during the Second World War to open the port of Antwerp to shipping and relieve logistical constraints.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.
Operation Roast was a military operation undertaken by British Commandos, at Comacchio lagoon in north-east Italy, during the Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, part of the Italian Campaign, during the final stages of Second World War.
Operation Varsity (24 March 1945) was a successful airborne forces operation launched by Allied troops that took place toward the end of World War II.
The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.
The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.
Other ranks (ORs) in the Royal Marines, British Army, Royal Air Force and in the armies and air forces of many other Commonwealth countries are those personnel who are not commissioned officers, usually including non-commissioned officers (NCOs).
Ouistreham is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandie region in northwestern France.
The Outer Hebrides, also known as the Western Isles (Na h-Eileanan Siar or Na h-Eileanan an Iar), Innse Gall ("islands of the strangers") or the Long Isle or the Long Island (An t-Eilean Fada), is an island chain off the west coast of mainland Scotland.
A partisan is a member of an irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation by some kind of insurgent activity.
Colonel Patrick Anthony Porteous VC (1 January 1918 – 9 October 2000) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Pegasus Bridge is a bascule bridge (a type of movable bridge), that was built in 1934, that crossed the Caen Canal, between Caen and Ouistreham, in Normandy, France.
A penny is a coin (. pennies) or a unit of currency (pl. pence) in various countries.
Percy Legard (17 June 1906 – 16 February 1980) was a British Army officer and sportsman.
The Pettiward Family were a landed family prominent in Putney and Great Finborough, Suffolk who control the Pettiward Estate in Earl's Court, London.
Philippe Kieffer MBE MC (24 October 1899 – 20 November 1962), capitaine de frégate in the French Navy, was a French officer and political personality, and a hero of the Free French Forces.
The Projector, Infantry, Anti Tank (PIAT) Mk I was a British man-portable anti-tank weapon developed during the Second World War.
The Port of Southampton is a passenger and cargo port in the central part of the south coast of England.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Quiberville is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.
RAF Ringway was a Royal Air Force station in Ringway, Cheshire, England, near Manchester.
The rank insignia of the French Navy (Marine Nationale) are worn on shoulder straps of shirts and white jackets, and on sleeves for navy jackets and mantels.
A ration stamp or ration card is a stamp or card issued by a government to allow the holder to obtain food or other commodities that are in short supply during wartime or in other emergency situations when rationing is in force.
Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district.
Regimental sergeant major (RSM) is an appointment held by warrant officers class 1 (WO1) in the British Army, the British Royal Marines and in the armies of many Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, including Ireland, Australia and New Zealand; and by chief warrant officers (CWO) in the Canadian Forces.
The River Clyde (Abhainn Chluaidh,, Watter o Clyde) is a river that flows into the Firth of Clyde in Scotland.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
Lieutenant General Sir Robert Grice Sturges (14 July 1891 – 12 September 1970) was a senior Royal Marines officer who fought in both the First World War and Second World War.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry of the Royal Navy.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Sallenelles is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Scapa Flow viewed from its eastern end in June 2009 Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray,S.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
Schouwen-Duiveland is a municipality and an island in the southwestern Netherlands province of Zeeland.
The Highlands (the Hielands; A’ Ghàidhealtachd, "the place of the Gaels") are a historic region of Scotland.
Seaford is a coastal town in East Sussex, on the south coast of England.
The second-in-command (2i/c or 2IC) is the deputy commander of any British Army or Royal Marines unit, from battalion or regiment downwards.
A section is a military sub-subunit.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
Brigadier Simon Christopher Joseph Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat and 4th Baron Lovat, (9 July 1911 in Beaufort Castle, Inverness, Scotland – 16 March 1995 in Beauly, Inverness-shire, Scotland) was the 25th Chief of the Clan Fraser of Lovat and a prominent British Commando during the Second World War.
A sniper is a military/paramilitary marksman who operates to maintain effective visual contact with the enemy and engage targets from concealed positions or at distances exceeding their detection capabilities.
The Solent is the strait that separates the Isle of Wight from the mainland of England.
South Holland (Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands with a population of just over 3.6 million as of 2015 and a population density of about, making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the special forces unit of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.
The Special Service Brigade was a formation of the British Army during the Second World War.
The St Nazaire Raid or Operation Chariot was a successful British amphibious attack on the heavily defended Normandie dry dock at St Nazaire in German-occupied France during the Second World War.
A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.
Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
Sword, commonly known as Sword Beach, was the code name given to one of the five main landing areas along the Normandy coast during the initial assault phase, Operation Neptune, of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of German-occupied France that commenced on 6 June 1944.
The Syria–Lebanon campaign, also known as Operation Exporter, was the British invasion of Vichy French Syria and Lebanon from June–July 1941, during the Second World War.
Red and blue tactical recognition flash of the Royal Artillery. Tactical recognition flash (TRF) is the official British military term for a coloured patch worn on the right arm of combat clothing by members of the Royal Navy, British Army and Royal Air Force.
The Royal New Brunswick Regiment (RNBR) is a reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in New Brunswick.
Troon is a town in South Ayrshire, situated on the west coast of Ayrshire in Scotland, about north of Ayr and northwest of Glasgow Prestwick Airport.
A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron.
A troop sergeant major (TSM) is the senior non-commissioned officer in a Royal Artillery troop of the British Army, usually holding the rank of warrant officer class 2.
The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
The United States Army Rangers are designated U.S. Army Ranger units, past or present, or are graduates of the U.S. Army Ranger School.
Varengeville-sur-Mer is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France.
Not to be confused with the Vickers light machine gun The Vickers K machine gun, known as the Vickers Gas Operated (Vickers G.O.) in British service, was a rapid-firing machine gun developed and manufactured for use in aircraft by Vickers-Armstrongs.
The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Vlissingen (Zeelandic: Vlissienge; historical name in Flushing) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren.
Vrouwenpolder is a village in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
Westkapelle is a small city in the municipality of Veere on the island Walcheren, in the province Zeeland of the Netherlands.
Weymouth and Portland is a local government district and borough in Dorset, England.
The Weymouth Pavilion, formerly the Ritz, is a theatre in Weymouth, Dorset.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zoutelande (Zeelandic: Zóetelande) is a town in the southwestern Netherlands.
The 13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The 1978 South Lebanon conflict (code-named Operation Litani by Israel) was an invasion of Lebanon up to the Litani River, carried out by the Israel Defense Forces in 1978 in response to the Coastal Road massacre.
The 1st Special Service Brigade was a commando brigade of the British Army.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
40 Commando RM is a battalion-sized formation of the British Royal Marines and subordinate unit within 3 Commando Brigade, the principal Commando formation, under the Operational Command of Commander in Chief Fleet.
45 Commando Royal Marines (pronounced "four-five commando") is a battalion sized unit of the British Royal Marines and subordinate unit within 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines, the principal Commando formation, under the Operational Command of Commander in Chief Fleet.
The 4th Special Service Brigade was a brigade-sized formation of the British Commandos formed during the Second World War in March 1944 from battalion-sized units of the Royal Marines.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards was a cavalry regiment of the British Army formed in 1922 by the amalgamation of the 5th Dragoon Guards (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) and the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons.
The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 6th Airlanding Brigade was a airborne infantry brigade of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 716th Static Infantry Division (German: 716. Infanterie-Division) was a World War II, German Army infantry division.