86 relations: Abolitionism in the United States, Alexander Hamilton, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American and British English spelling differences, American Revolution, American Revolutionary War, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, Ancient Greek, Apologetics, Blackie and Son, British America, Cambridge, Chief Justice of the United States, Christianity, Commercial Advertiser, Congregational church, Connecticut, Connecticut Colony, Connecticut House of Representatives, Copyright Act of 1831, Copyright law of the United States, Copyright Society of the U.S.A., Democratic-Republican Party, Democratic-Republican Societies, Dictionary, Edmond-Charles Genêt, Emile, or On Education, Emily Dickinson, Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, English-language spelling reform, Ezra Stiles, Federalist Party, First Party System, George Merriam, Goshen, New York, Grove Street Cemetery, Hartford, Connecticut, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Jacksonian democracy, James Herring, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jill Lepore, Joel Barlow, Johann David Michaelis, Johann Gottfried Herder, John Trumbull (poet), John Webster (governor), Joseph Ellis, King James Version, ..., Latin, Liberal arts education, List of lexicographers, Major depressive disorder, McFingal, Merriam-Webster, Mortgage loan, New Haven, Connecticut, New York City, Old English, Oliver Ellsworth, One-room school, Piaget's theory of cognitive development, Pierre Louis Maupertuis, Plymouth Colony, Republicanism in the United States, Sanskrit, Siege of Yorktown, Spelling bee, Spelling reform, The Columbiad, Thomas Day, Thomas Paine, Timothy Dwight IV, Trinity College (Connecticut), United States Constitution, Webster's Dictionary, Webster's Revision, West Hartford, Connecticut, William Bradford (Plymouth Colony governor), William Chauncey Fowler, William Cobbett, William Holmes McGuffey, William W. Ellsworth, Yale College, Yale University. Expand index (36 more) » « Shrink index
Abolitionism in the United States was the movement before and during the American Civil War to end slavery in the United States.
Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757July 12, 1804) was a statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Amherst College is a private liberal arts college located in Amherst, Massachusetts, United States.
Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States, in the Connecticut River valley.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Apologetics (from Greek ἀπολογία, "speaking in defense") is the religious discipline of defending religious doctrines through systematic argumentation and discourse.
Blackie and Son was a publishing house in Glasgow, Scotland and London, England from 1890 to 1991.
British America refers to English Crown colony territories on the continent of North America and Bermuda, Central America, the Caribbean, and Guyana from 1607 to 1783.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
The Chief Justice of the United States is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and thus the head of the United States federal court system, which functions as the judicial branch of the nation's federal government.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The New-York Commercial Advertiser was an evening American newspaper.
Congregational churches (also Congregationalist churches; Congregationalism) are Protestant churches in the Reformed tradition practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in North America that became the U.S. state of Connecticut.
The Connecticut House of Representatives is the lower house in the Connecticut General Assembly, the state legislature of the US state of Connecticut.
The Copyright Act of 1831 was the first general revision to United States copyright law.
The copyright law of the United States is intended to encourage the creation of art and culture by rewarding authors and artists with a set of exclusive rights.
The Copyright Society of the U.S.A. is the primary scholarly society dedicated to the study of copyright law in the United States.
The Democratic-Republican Party was an American political party formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison around 1792 to oppose the centralizing policies of the new Federalist Party run by Alexander Hamilton, who was secretary of the treasury and chief architect of George Washington's administration.
Democratic-Republican Societies were local political organizations formed in the United States in 1793-94 to promote republicanism and democracy and to fight aristocratic tendencies.
A dictionary, sometimes known as a wordbook, is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.
Edmond-Charles Genêt (January 8, 1763July 14, 1834), also known as Citizen Genêt, was the French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution.
Emile, or On Education or Émile, or Treatise on Education (Émile, ou De l’éducation) is a treatise on the nature of education and on the nature of man written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who considered it to be the "best and most important" of all his writings.
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886) was an American poet.
The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–11) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
For centuries, there has been a movement to reform the spelling of English.
Ezra Stiles (December 10, 1727 – May 12, 1795) was an American academic and educator, a Congregationalist minister, theologian and author.
The Federalist Party, referred to as the Pro-Administration party until the 3rd United States Congress (as opposed to their opponents in the Anti-Administration party), was the first American political party.
The First Party System is a model of American politics used in history and political science to periodize the political party system that existed in the United States between roughly 1792 and 1824.
George Merriam (born Worcester, Massachusetts, January 20, 1803 – died Springfield, Massachusetts, June 22, 1880) was a publisher.
Goshen is a town in Orange County, New York, United States.
Grove Street Cemetery or Grove Street Burial Ground is a cemetery in New Haven, Connecticut, that is surrounded by the Yale University campus.
Hartford is the capital of the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Hobart and William Smith Colleges are private liberal arts colleges in Geneva, New York.
Jacksonian democracy is a 19th-century political philosophy in the United States that espoused greater democracy for the common man as that term was then defined.
James Herring (born in London, 12 January 1794; died in Paris, October 1867) was an American portrait painter.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.
Jill Lepore (born August 27, 1966) is an American historian.
Joel Barlow (March 24, 1754 – December 26, 1812) was an American poet, diplomat, and politician.
Johann David Michaelis (27 February 1717 – 22 August 1791), a famous and eloquent Prussian biblical scholar and teacher, was a member of a family which had the chief part in maintaining that solid discipline in Hebrew and the cognate languages which distinguished the University of Halle in the period of Pietism.
Johann Gottfried (after 1802, von) Herder (25 August 174418 December 1803) was a German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic.
John Trumbull (April 24, 1750 – May 11, 1831) was an American poet.
John Webster (bef August 16, 1590 – April 5, 1661) was an early colonial settler of New England, serving one term as governor of the Colony of Connecticut in 1656.
Joseph John Ellis (born July 18, 1943) is an American historian whose work focuses on the lives and times of the founders of the United States of America.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
This list contains people who contributed to the field of lexicography, the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
McFingal: a modern epic poem.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
A mortgage loan, or simply mortgage, is used either by purchasers of real property to raise funds to buy real estate, or alternatively by existing property owners to raise funds for any purpose, while putting a lien on the property being mortgaged.
New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Oliver Ellsworth (April 29, 1745 – November 26, 1807) was an American lawyer, judge, politician, and diplomat.
One-room schools were commonplace throughout rural portions of various countries, including Prussia, Norway, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Spain.
Piaget's theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence.
Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698 – 27 July 1759) was a French mathematician, philosopher and man of letters.
Plymouth Colony (sometimes New Plymouth) was an English colonial venture in North America from 1620 to 1691.
Modern republicanism is a guiding political philosophy of the United States that has been a major part of American civic thought since its founding.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown, German Battle or the Siege of Little York, ending on October 19, 1781, at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis.
A spelling bee is a competition in which contestants are asked to spell a broad selection of words, usually with a varying degree of difficulty.
A spelling reform is a deliberate, often officially sanctioned or mandated change to spelling rules of a language.
The Columbiad (1807) is a philosophical epic poem by the American diplomat and man of letters Joel Barlow.
Thomas Day (22 June 1748 – 28 September 1789) was a British author and abolitionist.
Thomas Paine (born Thomas Pain; – In the contemporary record as noted by Conway, Paine's birth date is given as January 29, 1736–37. Common practice was to use a dash or a slash to separate the old-style year from the new-style year. In the old calendar, the new year began on March 25, not January 1. Paine's birth date, therefore, would have been before New Year, 1737. In the new style, his birth date advances by eleven days and his year increases by one to February 9, 1737. The O.S. link gives more detail if needed. – June 8, 1809) was an English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary.
Timothy Dwight (May 14, 1752 – January 11, 1817) was an American academic and educator, a Congregationalist minister, theologian, and author.
Trinity College is a private liberal arts college in Hartford, Connecticut.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
Webster's Dictionary is any of the dictionaries edited by Noah Webster in the early nineteenth century, and numerous related or unrelated dictionaries that have adopted the Webster's name.
Noah Webster's 1833 limited revision of the King James Version focused mainly on replacing archaic words and making simple grammatical changes.
West Hartford is an affluent suburb in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, west of downtown Hartford.
William Bradford (19 March 1590May 9, 1657) was an English Separatist originally from the West Riding of Yorkshire.
William Chauncey Fowler (September 1, 1793 – January 15, 1881) was an American scholar.
William Cobbett (9 March 1763 – 18 June 1835) was an English pamphleteer, farmer, journalist and member of parliament, who was born in Farnham, Surrey.
William Holmes McGuffey (September 23, 1800 – May 4, 1873) was a college professor and president who is best known for writing the McGuffey Readers, the first widely used series of elementary school-level textbooks.
William Wolcott Ellsworth (November 10, 1791 – January 15, 1868) was a Yale-educated attorney who served as the 30th Governor of Connecticut, a three-term United States Congressman, a Justice of the State Supreme Court.
Yale College is the undergraduate liberal arts college of Yale University.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.