197 relations: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Aftonbladet, Albert Camus, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Alfred Nobel, Alice Munro, America Award in Literature, André Malraux, Anton Chekhov, Arab Spring, Arthur Miller, Associated Press, August Strindberg, Augusto Pinochet, Ayatollah, Émile Zola, BBC, BBC News, Bob Dylan, Camões Prize, Cameroon, Camilo José Cela, Carl David af Wirsén, Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Carlos Fuentes, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Catholic Church, CBS News, Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, Chemistry, Children's literature, Citation, Colm Tóibín, Constantine P. Cavafy, Cormac McCarthy, Cuban Revolution, Czesław Miłosz, Dag Hammarskjöld, Dagens Industri, Dagens Nyheter, Dario Fo, Derek Walcott, Diploma, Doris Lessing, Elfriede Jelinek, Encyclopædia Britannica, Erik Lindberg, Euro, Eurocentrism, Eyvind Johnson, ..., Fernando Pessoa, Fidel Castro, Foreign policy, Francisco Franco, Franz Kafka, Franz Kafka Prize, Gabriel García Márquez, Galicia (Spain), Göran Malmqvist, Günter Grass, Gold medal, Graham Greene, Hans Christian Andersen Award, Harold Pinter, Harry Martinson, Heldref Publications, Henrik Ibsen, Henry James, Herta Müller, Highway 61 Revisited, Hjalmar Branting, Homosexuality, Horace Engdahl, Indonesia, Irvine Welsh, Italo Calvino, James Joyce, Jürgen Schmidhuber, Jean Anouilh, Jean-Claude Arnault, Jean-Paul Sartre, John Steinbeck, Jorge Luis Borges, José Saramago, Joseph Stalin, Julio Cortázar, Karel Čapek, Karen Blixen, Karl Ove Knausgård, Katarina Frostenson, Kazuo Ishiguro, Kjell Espmark, Knut Ahnlund, Lawrence Durrell, Le Monde, Leo Tolstoy, Leonard Cohen, LGBT, Linus Pauling, List of literary awards, List of Nobel laureates, List of Nobel laureates in Literature, List of peace prizes, List of richest literary prizes, Literary award, Literature, London Review of Books, Madrid, Man Booker International Prize, Marcel Proust, Mario Vargas Llosa, Mark Twain, Medicine, Miguel de Cervantes Prize, Mo Yan, Modern Library 100 Best Novels, Monarchy of Sweden, Mount Everest, Mrs. Fields, MSNBC, Myntverket, Neustadt International Prize for Literature, Nigerians, Nilanjana Roy, Nobel Committee, Nobel Library, Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Prize, Octavio Paz, Oregon State University, Orhan Pamuk, Oscar II of Sweden, Osip Mandelstam, Pablo Neruda, Paris, Patrick Modiano, Paul Heyse, Peace, Per Wästberg, Peru, Peter Englund, Philip Roth, Physics, Physiology, Pierre Assouline, Princess of Asturias Awards, Prix Formentor, Rabih Alameddine, Radio station, Ragnar Sohlman, Robert Graves, Roberto Bolaño, Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Ruhollah Khomeini, Salman Rushdie, Samizdat, Sara Danius, Saul Bellow, Shen Congwen, South America, Soviet Union, Spanish Civil War, Statute, Stockholm, Storting, Sture Allén, Sully Prudhomme, Swedish Academy, Swedish Academy Nordic Prize, Swedish krona, The Guardian, The Independent, The Local, The Nation, The New Indian Express, The New York Review of Books, The New York Times, The Satanic Verses, The Times, The Times Literary Supplement, The Valley Library, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Times, Thomas Pynchon, Tim Parks, Tomas Tranströmer, Ulysses (novel), United States, United States dollar, Vladimir Nabokov, W. H. Auden, War with the Newts, Will Self, Wole Soyinka, World literature, Yahoo! News, 2003 invasion of Iraq. Expand index (147 more) » « Shrink index
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is the first novel by Irish writer James Joyce.
Aftonbladet is a Swedish evening newspaper published in Stockholm, Sweden.
Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel (21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist.
Alice Ann Munro (née Laidlaw; born 10 July 1931) is a Canadian short story writer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2013.
The America Award is a lifetime achievement literary award for international writers.
André Malraux DSO (3 November 1901 – 23 November 1976) was a French novelist, art theorist and Minister of Cultural Affairs.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.
The Arab Spring (الربيع العربي ar-Rabīʻ al-ʻArabī), also referred to as Arab Revolutions (الثورات العربية aṯ-'awrāt al-ʻarabiyyah), was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions, and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution.
Arthur Asher Miller (October 17, 1915 – February 10, 2005) was an American playwright, essayist, and figure in twentieth-century American theater.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Johan August Strindberg (22 January 184914 May 1912) was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter.
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.
Ayatullah (or; āyatullāh from llāh "Sign of God") is a high-ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shī‘ah clerics.
Émile Édouard Charles Antoine Zola (2 April 1840 – 29 September 1902) was a French novelist, playwright, journalist, the best-known practitioner of the literary school of naturalism, and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, and painter who has been an influential figure in popular music and culture for more than five decades.
The Camões Prize (Portuguese, Prémio Camões), named after Luís de Camões is the most important prize for literature in the Portuguese language.
Camilo José Cela y Trulock, 1st Marquess of Iria Flavia (11 May 1916 – 17 January 2002) was a Spanish novelist, poet, story writer and essayist associated with the Generation of '36 movement.
Carl David af Wirsén (December 9, 1842 – June 12, 1912) was a Swedish poet, literary critic and the Swedish Academy's permanent secretary 1884-1912.
Carl XVI Gustaf (full name: Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is the King of Sweden.
Carlos Fuentes Macías (November 11, 1928 – May 15, 2012) was a Mexican novelist and essayist.
The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (CFAT) is a U.S.-based education policy and research center.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning is an academic magazine devoted to the study of higher education, described by the Chronicle of Higher Education as a "stalwart of higher education" Goldie Blumenstyk, "‘Change’ Magazine, Stalwart of Higher Ed, Moves to a New Home" The Chronicle of Higher Education July 9, 2015 The magazine was founded in 1970, sponsored by the American Association for Higher Education.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children.
A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source (not always the original source).
Colm Tóibín (born 30 May 1955) is an Irish novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright, journalist, critic and poet.
Constantine Peter Cavafy (also known as Konstantin or Konstantinos Petrou Kavafis; Κωνσταντίνος Π. Καβάφης; April 29 (April 17, OS), 1863 – April 29, 1933) was an Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant.
Cormac McCarthy (born Charles McCarthy; July 20, 1933) is an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter.
The Cuban Revolution (Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.
Czesław Miłosz (30 June 1911 – 14 August 2004) was a Polish poet, prose writer, translator and diplomat.
Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (29 July 1905 – 18 September 1961) was a Swedish economist and diplomat who served as the second Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Dagens Industri (often referred to as DI and stylized as Dagens industri) is a financial newspaper in tabloid format published in Stockholm, Sweden.
Dagens Nyheter (lit. "the day's news"), abbreviated DN, is a daily newspaper in Sweden.
Dario Fo (24 March 1926 – 13 October 2016) was an Italian actor–playwright, comedian, singer, theatre director, stage designer, songwriter, painter, political campaigner for the Italian left-wing and the recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Sir Derek Alton Walcott, KCSL, OBE, OCC (23 January 1930 – 17 March 2017) was a Saint Lucian poet and playwright.
A diploma is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as college or university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study.
Doris May Lessing (22 October 1919 – 17 November 2013) was a British novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer and short story writer.
Elfriede Jelinek (born 20 October 1946) is an Austrian playwright and novelist.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Erik Lindberg (1873 in Stockholm, Sweden – 28 September 1966) was a sculptor and engraver.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
Eurocentrism (also Western-centrism) is a worldview centered on and biased towards Western civilization.
Eyvind Johnson (29 July 1900 – 25 August 1976) was a Swedish novelist and short story writer.
Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa (13 June 1888 – 30 November 1935), commonly known as Fernando Pessoa, was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
A country's foreign policy, also called foreign relations or foreign affairs policy, consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-speaking Bohemian Jewish novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature.
The Franz Kafka Prize is an international literary award presented in honour of Franz Kafka, the German language novelist.
Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez (6 March 1927 – 17 April 2014) was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo or Gabito throughout Latin America.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
Nils Göran David Malmqvist (born 6 June 1924) is a Swedish linguist, literary historian, sinologist and translator.
Günter Wilhelm Grass (16 October 1927 – 13 April 2015) was a German novelist, poet, playwright, illustrator, graphic artist, sculptor, and recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Literature.
A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field.
Henry Graham Greene (2 October 1904 – 3 April 1991), better known by his pen name Graham Greene, was an English novelist regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century.
The Hans Christian Andersen Awards are two literary awards by the International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY), recognising one living author and one living illustrator for their "lasting contribution to children's literature".
Harold Pinter (10 October 1930 – 24 December 2008) was a Nobel Prize-winning British playwright, screenwriter, director and actor.
Harry Martinson (6May 190411February 1978) was a Swedish author, poet and former sailor.
Heldref Publications was the publishing division of the Helen Dwight Reid Education Foundation, a nonprofit educational organization.
Henrik Johan Ibsen (20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet.
Henry James, OM (–) was an American author regarded as a key transitional figure between literary realism and literary modernism, and is considered by many to be among the greatest novelists in the English language.
Herta Müller (born 17 August 1953) is a Romanian-born German novelist, poet, essayist and recipient of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Highway 61 Revisited is the sixth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on August 30, 1965 by Columbia Records.
(23 November 186024 February 1925) was a Swedish politician.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
Horace Oscar Axel Engdahl (born 30 December 1948) is a Swedish literary historian and critic, and has been a member of the Swedish Academy since 1997.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Irvine Welsh (born 27 September 1958) is a Scottish novelist, playwright and short story writer.
Italo Calvino (. RAI (circa 1970), retrieved 25 October 2012. 15 October 1923 – 19 September 1985) was an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
Jürgen Schmidhuber (born 17 January 1963) is a computer scientist who works in the field of artificial intelligence.
Jean Marie Lucien Pierre Anouilh (23 June 1910 – 3 October 1987) was a French dramatist whose career spanned five decades.
Jean-Claude Arnault (born 15 August 1946), known in Swedish media as "the cultural profile" (Swedish: kulturprofilen), is a French-Swedish former photographer and artistic director of the cultural center Forum – Nutidsplats för kultur (translation: "Forum – Contemporary Scene of Culture") at Sigtunagatan 14 in Stockholm, who became widely known after being accused of sexual assault in connection with the Me Too movement.
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
John Ernst Steinbeck Jr. --> (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was an American author.
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language literature.
José de Sousa Saramago, GColSE (16 November 1922 – 18 June 2010), was a Portuguese writer and recipient of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Julio Cortázar, born Julio Florencio Cortázar; (August 26, 1914 – February 12, 1984) was an Argentine novelist, short story writer, and essayist.
Karel Čapek (9 January 1890 – 25 December 1938) was a Czech writer of the early 20th century.
Baroness Karen Christenze von Blixen-Finecke (née Dinesen; 17 April 1885 – 7 September 1962) was a Danish author who wrote works in Danish and English.
Karl Ove Knausgård (born 6 December 1968) is a Norwegian author, known for six autobiographical novels, titled My Struggle (Min Kamp).
Alma Katarina Frostenson Arnault (born 5 March 1953 in Stockholm) is a Swedish poet and writer.
Sir Kazuo Ishiguro (born 8 November 1954) is a Nobel Prize-winning British novelist, screenwriter, and short-story writer.
Kjell Erik Espmark (born 19 February 1930 in Strömsund, Sweden), is a writer, literary historian, member of the Swedish Academy and Professor of the History of Literature at Stockholm University.
Knut Emil Ahnlund (24 May 1923 – 28 November 2012) was a Swedish literary historian, writer, and member of the Swedish Academy.
Lawrence George Durrell (27 February 1912 – 7 November 1990) was an expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer.
Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
Count Lyov (also Lev) Nikolayevich Tolstoy (also Лев) Николаевич ТолстойIn Tolstoy's day, his name was written Левъ Николаевичъ Толстой.
Leonard Norman Cohen (September 21, 1934 – November 7, 2016) was a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, educator, and husband of American human rights activist Ava Helen Pauling.
This is a list of literary awards from around the world.
The Nobel Prizes (Nobelpriset, Nobelprisen) are prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institutet, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Swedish: Nobelpriset i litteratur) is awarded annually by the Swedish Academy to authors for outstanding contributions in the field of literature.
Under the title of Peace Prize, the following prizes are awarded among others.
Many literary awards attract a significant remuneration as part of their prize.
A literary award is an award presented in recognition of a particularly lauded literary piece or body of work.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
The London Review of Books (LRB) is a British journal of literary essays.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
The Man Booker International Prize is an international literary award hosted in the United Kingdom.
Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922), known as Marcel Proust, was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier rendered as Remembrance of Things Past), published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.
Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa, 1st Marquess of Vargas Llosa (born March 28, 1936), more commonly known as Mario Vargas Llosa, is a Peruvian writer, politician, journalist, essayist and college professor.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
The Miguel de Cervantes Prize (Premio de Literatura en Lengua Castellana Miguel de Cervantes) is awarded annually to honour the lifetime achievement of an outstanding writer in the Spanish language.
Guan Moye (born 17 February 1955), better known by the pen name Mo Yan, is a Chinese novelist and short story writer.
Modern Library's 100 Best Novels is a list of the best English-language novels of the 20th century as selected by the Modern Library, an American publishing company owned by Random House.
The Monarchy of Sweden concerns the monarchical head of state of Sweden,See the Instrument of Government, Chapter 1, Article 5.
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Myntverket (officially AB Myntverket) is a private Swedish company that produces coins and medals, most notably the Swedish national coins and the Nobel Prize medals.
The Neustadt International Prize for Literature is a biennial award for literature sponsored by the University of Oklahoma and its international literary publication, World Literature Today.
Nigerians or Nigerian people are citizens of Nigeria or people with ancestry from Nigeria.
Nilanjana S. Roy (born c. 1971) is an Indian journalist, literary critic and author.
A Nobel Committee is a working body responsible for most of the work involved in selecting Nobel Prize laureates.
The Nobel Library (Nobelbiblioteket or, officially, Svenska Akademiens Nobelbibliotek, e.g. "Nobel Library of the Swedish Academy") is the public library of the Swedish Academy instituted to assist the evaluation of Nobel laureates to the Prize in Literature and other awards granted by the academy.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
Octavio Paz Lozano (March 31, 1914 – April 19, 1998) was a Mexican poet and diplomat.
Oregon State University (OSU) is an international, public research university in the northwest United States, located in Corvallis, Oregon.
Ferit Orhan Pamuk (generally known simply as Orhan Pamuk; born 7 June 1952) is a Turkish novelist, screenwriter, academic and recipient of the 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik; 21 January 1829 – 8 December 1907) was King of Sweden from 1872 until his death, and the last Bernadotte King of Norway from 1872 until his dethronement in 1905.
Osip Emilyevich Mandelstam (p; – 27 December 1938) was a Russian Jewish poet and essayist.
Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto (12 July 1904 – 23 September 1973), better known by his pen name and, later, legal name Pablo Neruda, was a Chilean poet-diplomat and politician.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Jean Patrick Modiano (born 30 July 1945), generally known as Patrick Modiano, is a French novelist and recipient of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Paul Johann Ludwig von Heyse (15 March 1830 – 2 April 1914) was a distinguished German writer and translator.
Peace is the concept of harmony and the absence of hostility.
Per Erik Wästberg (born 20 November 1933) is a Swedish writer and a member of the Swedish Academy since 1997.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Peter Mikael Englund (born 4 April 1957) is a Swedish author and historian.
Philip Milton Roth (March 19, 1933 – May 22, 2018) was an American novelist and short-story writer.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Pierre Assouline (born 17 April 1953) is a writer and journalist.
The Princess of Asturias Awards (Premios Princesa de Asturias, Premios Princesa d'Asturies), formerly the Prince of Asturias Awards from 1981–2014 (Premios Príncipe de Asturias) are a series of annual prizes awarded in Spain by the Princess of Asturias Foundation (previously the Prince of Asturias Foundation) to individuals, entities or organizations from around the world who make notable achievements in the sciences, humanities, and public affairs.
The Prix Formentor (also known as Premio Formentor de las Letras, Formentor Literature Prize and The Formentor Prize) is an international literary award given between 1961 and 1967.
Rabih Alameddine ('''ربيع علم الدين'''.) (born 1959) is a Lebanese-American painter and writer.
A radio station is a set of equipment necessary to carry on communication via radio waves.
Ragnar Sohlman (February 26, 1870 in Stockholm – July 9, 1948 at the Karolinska hospital, Solna) was a Swedish chemical engineer, manager, civil servant, and creator of the Nobel Foundation.
Robert Graves (24 July 1895 – 7 December 1985), also known as Robert von Ranke Graves, was an English poet, historical novelist, critic, and classicist.
Roberto Bolaño Ávalos (28 April 1953 – 15 July 2003) was a Chilean novelist, short-story writer, poet and essayist.
Rudolf Christoph Eucken (5 January 1846 – 15 September 1926) was a German philosopher.
Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini (سید روحالله موسوی خمینی; 24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989), known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Shia Islam religious leader and politician.
Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (born 19 June 1947) is a British Indian novelist and essayist.
Samizdat was a form of dissident activity across the Eastern bloc in which individuals reproduced censored and underground publications by hand and passed the documents from reader to reader.
Sara Maria Danius (born 5 April 1962 in Täby, Vem är det: Svensk biografisk handbok 1993, p. 235) is a Swedish scholar of literature and aesthetics.
Saul Bellow (born Solomon Bellows; 10 June 1915 – 5 April 2005) was a Canadian-American writer.
Shen Congwen (28 December 1902 – 10 May 1988), formerly romanized as Shen Ts'ung-wen, is considered to be one of the greatest modern Chinese writers, on par with Lu Xun.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a city, state, or country.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The Storting (Stortinget, "the great thing" or "the great assembly") is the supreme legislature of Norway, established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway.
Sture Allén (born 31 December 1928 in Gothenburg) is a Swedish retired professor of computational linguistics at the University of Gothenburg, who was the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy between 1986 and 1999.
René François Armand (Sully) Prudhomme (16 March 1839 – 6 September 1907) was a French poet and essayist.
The Swedish Academy (Svenska Akademien), founded in 1786 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.
The Nordic Prize (Swedish: nordiska pris) is a literary award presented annually by the Swedish Academy.
The krona (plural: kronor; sign: kr; code: SEK) has been the currency of Sweden since 1873.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Local is an English-language digital news publisher with local editions in Sweden, Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Norway, Denmark, Austria and Italy.
The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.
The New Indian Express is an Indian English-language broadsheet daily newspaper published by the Chennai-based Express Publications.
The New York Review of Books (or NYREV or NYRB) is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, culture, economics, science and current affairs.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Satanic Verses is Salman Rushdie's fourth novel, first published in 1988 and inspired in part by the life of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969) is a weekly literary review published in London by News UK, a subsidiary of News Corp.
The Valley Library is the primary library of Oregon State University and is located at the school's main campus in Corvallis in the U.S. state of Oregon.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on American politics.
Thomas Ruggles Pynchon Jr. (born May 8, 1937) is an American novelist.
Timothy Harold Parks (born 19 December 1954 in Manchester) is a British novelist, translator, author and professor of literature.
Tomas Gösta Tranströmer (15 April 1931 – 26 March 2015) was a Swedish poet, psychologist and translator.
Ulysses is a modernist novel by Irish writer James Joyce.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin; 2 July 1977) was a Russian-American novelist, poet, translator and entomologist.
Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) was an English-American poet.
War with the Newts (Válka s mloky in the original Czech), also translated as War with the Salamanders, is a 1936 satirical science fiction novel by Czech author Karel Čapek.
William Woodard Self (born 26 September 1961) is an English novelist, journalist, political commentator and television personality.
Akinwande Oluwole Babatunde Soyinka (Yoruba: Akinwándé Oluwo̩lé Babátúndé S̩óyinká,; born 13 July 1934), known as Wole Soyinka, is a Nigerian playwright, poet and essayist.
World literature is sometimes used to refer to the sum total of the world's national literatures, but usually it refers to the circulation of works into the wider world beyond their country of origin.
Yahoo! News is a news website that originated as an internet-based news aggregator by Yahoo!.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
Literature Nobel Prize, Nobel Laureate in Literature, Nobel Literature Prize, Nobel Prize In Literature, Nobel Prize for Literature, Nobel Prize for literature, Nobel Prize for litterature, Nobel Prize in literature, Nobel Prize laureates in Literature, Nobel Prize winner for literature, Nobel Prize/Literature, Nobel prize (literature), Nobel prize for literature, Nobel prize in Literature, Nobel prize in literature, Nobel prize list for literature, Nobel prize literature, NobelPrize/LiteraturE, Nobelpriset i litteratur, The Nomination Database for the Nobel Prize in Literature.