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Nomenclature codes

Index Nomenclature codes

Nomenclature codes or codes of nomenclature are the various rulebooks that govern biological taxonomic nomenclature, each in their own broad field of organisms. [1]

94 relations: Acrasidae, Algae, Animal, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, Bacteria, Bacteriology, Bicosoecid, Binomial nomenclature, Blastocladiomycota, Botanical nomenclature, Botany, Carl Alexander Clerck, Carl Linnaeus, Charles Flahault, Chemical nomenclature, Chlamydomonadales, Chlorarachniophyte, Choanoflagellate, Chytridiomycota, Circumscriptional name, Common name, Cryptomonad, Cultivar, Cyanobacteria, Descriptive botanical names, Desmidiaceae, Diatom, Dictyochales, Dinoflagellate, Ebriid, Euglenid, Family (biology), Fungus, Gene nomenclature, Glaucophyte, Golden algae, Green algae, Haptophyte, Heterokont, Hornwort, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes, International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, Jean-Baptiste Édouard Bornet, Johann Hedwig, John Ralfs, Karl Engelbrecht Hirn, Kaspar Maria von Sternberg, ..., Labyrinthulomycetes, Linnaean taxonomy, Marchantiophyta, Microsporidia, Moss, Mycetozoa, Mycology, Neocallimastigomycota, Nomenclature, Nostocaceae, Oedogoniaceae, Paleobotany, Phycology, PhyloCode, Phylogenetic nomenclature, Phytomyxea, Phytosociology, Plant, Plant community, Plasmodium (life cycle), Prasinophyceae, Principle of Priority, Principle of Typification, Proteromonadidae, Protist, Protozoa, Protozoology, Pteridophyte, Raphidophyte, Slime mold, Species Plantarum, Spermatophyte, Sphagnaceae, Spider, Svenska Spindlar, Systema Naturae, Tautonym, Taxonomy (biology), Type (biology), Virus, Virus classification, Yellow-green algae, Zoology, 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Expand index (44 more) »

Acrasidae

The family Acrasidae (ICZN, or Acrasiomycota, ICBN) is a family of slime molds which belongs to the protist group Percolozoa.

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Algae

Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.

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Animal

Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.

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Antoine Laurent de Jussieu

Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (12 April 1748 – 17 September 1836) was a French botanist, notable as the first to publish a natural classification of flowering plants; much of his system remains in use today.

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Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

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Bacteriology

Bacteriology is the branch and specialty of biology that studies the morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria as well as many other aspects related to them.

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Bicosoecid

The bicosoecids, formally Bicosoecida (ICZN) or Bicosoecales/Bicoecea (ICBN), are a small group of unicellular flagellates, included among the heterokonts.

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Binomial nomenclature

Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages.

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Blastocladiomycota

Blastocladiomycota is one of the currently recognized phyla within the kingdom Fungi.

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Botanical nomenclature

Botanical nomenclature is the formal, scientific naming of plants.

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Botany

Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.

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Carl Alexander Clerck

Carl Alexander Clerck (1709 – 22 July 1765) was a Swedish entomologist and arachnologist.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Charles Flahault

Charles Henri Marie Flahault (October 3, 1852 – February 3, 1935) was a French botanist, among the early pioneers of phytogeography, phytosociology, and forest ecology.

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Chemical nomenclature

A chemical nomenclature is a set of rules to generate systematic names for chemical compounds.

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Chlamydomonadales

Chlamydomonadales, also known as Volvocales, are an order of flagellated or pseudociliated green algae, specifically of the Chlorophyceae.

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Chlorarachniophyte

The chlorarachniophytes are a small group of algae occasionally found in tropical oceans.

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Choanoflagellate

The choanoflagellates are a group of free-living unicellular and colonial flagellate eukaryotes considered to be the closest living relatives of the animals.

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Chytridiomycota

Chytridiomycota is a division of zoosporic organisms in the kingdom Fungi, informally known as chytrids.

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Circumscriptional name

In biological classification, circumscriptional names are taxon names that are not ruled by ICZN and are defined by the particular set of members included.

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Common name

In biology, a common name of a taxon or organism (also known as a vernacular name, English name, colloquial name, trivial name, trivial epithet, country name, popular name, or farmer's name) is a name that is based on the normal language of everyday life; this kind of name is often contrasted with the scientific name for the same organism, which is Latinized.

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Cryptomonad

The cryptomonads (or cryptophytes) are a group of algae, most of which have plastids.

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Cultivar

The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.

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Cyanobacteria

Cyanobacteria, also known as Cyanophyta, are a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, and are the only photosynthetic prokaryotes able to produce oxygen.

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Descriptive botanical names

Descriptive botanical names are scientific names of groups of plants that are irregular, not being derived systematically from the name of a type genus.

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Desmidiaceae

The Desmidiaceae are one of four families of Charophyte green algae in the order Desmidiales (desmids).

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Diatom

Diatoms (diá-tom-os "cut in half", from diá, "through" or "apart"; and the root of tém-n-ō, "I cut".) are a major group of microorganisms found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world.

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Dictyochales

Dictyochales (Silicoflagellates, or Dictyochophyceae sensu stricto) are a small group of unicellular heterokont algae, found in marine environments.

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Dinoflagellate

The dinoflagellates (Greek δῖνος dinos "whirling" and Latin flagellum "whip, scourge") are a large group of flagellate eukaryotes that constitute the phylum Dinoflagellata.

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Ebriid

The Ebridea is a group of phagotrophic flagellate eukaryotes present in marine coastal plankton communities worldwide.

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Euglenid

Euglenids (euglenoids, or euglenophytes, formally Euglenida/Euglenoida, ICZN, or Euglenophyceae, ICBN) are one of the best-known groups of flagellates, which are excavate eukaryotes of the phylum Euglenophyta and their cell structure is typical of that group.

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Family (biology)

In biological classification, family (familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.

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Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

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Gene nomenclature

Gene nomenclature is the scientific naming of genes, the units of heredity in living organisms.

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Glaucophyte

The glaucophytes, also known as glaucocystophytes or glaucocystids, are a small group of rare freshwater microscopic algae.

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Golden algae

The Chrysophyceae, usually called chrysophytes, chrysomonads, golden-brown algae or golden algae are a large group of algae, found mostly in freshwater.

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Green algae

The green algae (singular: green alga) are a large, informal grouping of algae consisting of the Chlorophyta and Charophyta/Streptophyta, which are now placed in separate divisions, as well as the more basal Mesostigmatophyceae, Chlorokybophyceae and Spirotaenia.

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Haptophyte

The haptophytes, classified either as the Haptophyta, Haptophytina or Prymnesiophyta (named for Prymnesium), are a Division (botany) of algae.

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Heterokont

The heterokonts or stramenopiles (formally, Heterokonta or Stramenopiles) are a major line of eukaryotes currently containing more than 25,000 known species.

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Hornwort

Hornworts are a group of non-vascular plants constituting the division Anthocerotophyta.

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International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants

The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names that are given to plants, fungi and a few other groups of organisms, all those "traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants".

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International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants

The International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP), also known as the Cultivated Plant Code, is a guide to the rules and regulations for naming cultigens, plants whose origin or selection is primarily due to intentional human activity.

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International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes

The International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP) formerly the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB) or Bacteriological Code (BC) governs the scientific names for Bacteria and Archaea.

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International Code of Zoological Nomenclature

The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) is a widely accepted convention in zoology that rules the formal scientific naming of organisms treated as animals.

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International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses

The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) authorizes and organizes the taxonomic classification of and the nomenclatures for viruses.

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Jean-Baptiste Édouard Bornet

Jean-Baptiste Édouard Bornet (September 2, 1828 Guérigny – December 18, 1911 Paris was a French botanist.

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Johann Hedwig

Johann Hedwig (8 December 1730 – 18 February 1799), also seen as Johannes Hedwig or Latinised as Joannis Hedwig, was a German botanist notable for his studies of mosses (for which he is sometimes called the father of bryology), in particular the observation of sexual reproduction in the cryptogams.

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John Ralfs

John Ralfs (13 September 1807 – 14 July 1890) was an English botanist.

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Karl Engelbrecht Hirn

Karl Hirn (1872–1907) was a Finnish botanist, specialized in freshwater algae.

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Kaspar Maria von Sternberg

Count Kaspar Maria von Sternberg (also: Caspar Maria, Count Sternberg, Kaspar Maria Graf Sternberg, hrabě Kašpar Maria Šternberk), 1761, Prague – 1838, Březina Castle, was a Bohemian theologian, mineralogist, geognost, entomologist and botanist.

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Labyrinthulomycetes

The Labyrinthulomycetes (ICBN) or Labyrinthulea (ICZN) are a class of protists that produce a network of filaments or tubes, which serve as tracks for the cells to glide along and absorb nutrients for them.

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Linnaean taxonomy

Linnaean taxonomy can mean either of two related concepts.

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Marchantiophyta

The Marchantiophyta are a division of non-vascular land plants commonly referred to as hepatics or liverworts.

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Microsporidia

Microsporidia are a group of spore-forming unicellular parasites.

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Moss

Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.

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Mycetozoa

Mycetozoa is a grouping of slime molds.

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Mycology

Mycology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for tinder, medicine, food, and entheogens, as well as their dangers, such as toxicity or infection.

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Neocallimastigomycota

Neocallimastigomycota is a phylum containing anaerobic fungi, which are symbionts found in the digestive tracts of larger herbivores.

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Nomenclature

Nomenclature is a system of names or terms, or the rules for forming these terms in a particular field of arts or sciences.

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Nostocaceae

The Nostocaceae are a family of cyanobacteria that forms filament-shaped colonies enclosed in mucus or a gelatinous sheath.

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Oedogoniaceae

The Oedogoniales are an order of filamentous freshwater green algae of the class Chlorophyceae.

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Paleobotany

Paleobotany, also spelled as palaeobotany (from the Greek words paleon.

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Phycology

Phycology (from Greek φῦκος, phykos, "seaweed"; and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of algae.

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PhyloCode

The International Code of Phylogenetic Nomenclature, known as the PhyloCode for short, is a developing draft for a formal set of rules governing phylogenetic nomenclature.

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Phylogenetic nomenclature

Phylogenetic nomenclature, often called cladistic nomenclature, is a method of nomenclature for taxa in biology that uses phylogenetic definitions for taxon names as explained below.

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Phytomyxea

The Phytomyxea are a class of parasites of plants.

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Phytosociology

Phytosociology is the branch of science which deals with plant communities, their composition and development, and the relationships between the species within them.

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Plant

Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

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Plant community

A plant community (sometimes "phytocoenosis" or "phytocenosis") is a collection or association of plant species within a designated geographical unit, which forms a relatively uniform patch, distinguishable from neighboring patches of different vegetation types.

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Plasmodium (life cycle)

A plasmodium is a living structure of cytoplasm that contains many nuclei, rather than being divided into individual cells each with a single nucleus.

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Prasinophyceae

The Prasinophytes are a paraphyletic class of unicellular green algae.

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Principle of Priority

valid name. Priority is a fundamental principle of modern botanical nomenclature and zoological nomenclature.

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Principle of Typification

In biological nomenclature, the Principle of Typification is one of the guiding principles.

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Proteromonadidae

Proteromonadidae is a paraphyletic family of heterokonts, that resemble Opalinidae.

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Protist

A protist is any eukaryotic organism that has cells with nuclei and is not an animal, plant or fungus.

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Protozoa

Protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.

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Protozoology

Protozoology is the study of protozoa, the "animal-like" (i.e., motile and heterotrophic) protists.

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Pteridophyte

A pteridophyte is a vascular plant (with xylem and phloem) that disperses spores (and lacks seeds).

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Raphidophyte

The Raphidophyceae (raphidophytes, formerly referred to as Chloromonadophyceae and Chloromonadineae) are a small group of eukaryotic algae that includes both marine and freshwater species.

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Slime mold

Slime mold or slime mould is an informal name given to several kinds of unrelated eukaryotic organisms that can live freely as single cells, but can aggregate together to form multicellular reproductive structures.

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Species Plantarum

Species Plantarum (Latin for "The Species of Plants") is a book by Carl Linnaeus, originally published in 1753, which lists every species of plant known at the time, classified into genera.

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Spermatophyte

The spermatophytes, also known as phanerogams or phenogamae, comprise those plants that produce seeds, hence the alternative name seed plants.

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Sphagnaceae

The Sphagnaceae is a family of moss with only one living genus Sphagnum.

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Spider

Spiders (order Araneae) are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom.

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Svenska Spindlar

The book or Aranei Svecici (Swedish and Latin, respectively, for "Swedish spiders") was one of the major works of the Swedish arachnologist and entomologist Carl Alexander Clerck and appeared in Stockholm in the year 1757.

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Systema Naturae

(originally in Latin written with the ligature æ) is one of the major works of the Swedish botanist, zoologist and physician Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) and introduced the Linnaean taxonomy.

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Tautonym

A tautonym is a scientific name of a species in which both parts of the name have the same spelling, for example Rattus rattus.

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Taxonomy (biology)

Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.

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Type (biology)

In biology, a type is a particular specimen (or in some cases a group of specimens) of an organism to which the scientific name of that organism is formally attached.

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Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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Virus classification

Virus classification is the process of naming viruses and placing them into a taxonomic system.

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Yellow-green algae

Yellow-green algae or the Xanthophyceae (xanthophytes) are an important group of heterokont algae.

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Zoology

Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

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10th edition of Systema Naturae

The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.

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Ambiregnal, Ambiregnal protist, Biological name, Biological nomenclature, Codes of biological nomenclature, Codes of nomenclature, Nomenclatural code, Nomenclature Codes, Nomenclature code, Rules of nomenclature.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomenclature_codes

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