111 relations: Abdominal pain, Aerophagia, Alessio Fasano, Allergy, Alternative medicine, Amylase, Anaphylaxis, Anti-gliadin antibodies, Antibody, Anxiety, Aphthous stomatitis, Asthma, Ataxia, Atopy, Atrophy, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Autism, Autoimmune disease, Autoimmune hepatitis, Barley, Benzoic acid, Biomarker, Biomarker (medicine), Bloating, Coeliac disease, Consensus decision-making, Constipation, Contamination, David Perlmutter, Depression (mood), Dermatitis, Dermatitis herpetiformis, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diagnosis of exclusion, Diarrhea, Duodenal bulb, Duodenal lymphocytosis, Duodenum, Eating disorder, Fatigue, Fibromyalgia, FODMAP, Folate deficiency, Food additive, Food intolerance, Fructose malabsorption, Gastroenterology, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Gliadin, Glutamic acid, ..., Gluten, Gluten challenge test, Gluten-free diet, Gluten-related disorders, Gwyneth Paltrow, Hallucination, Headache, Herald Sun, Hypoesthesia, Immunoglobulin A, Immunoglobulin E, Immunohistochemistry, In vitro, Inflammation, Internal medicine, Intestinal villus, Iron-deficiency anemia, Irritable bowel syndrome, Lactose intolerance, List of questionable diseases, Mental disorder, Migraine, Miley Cyrus, Mite, Nausea, Neurological disorder, Nickel, Nitrate, Paresthesia, Parietaria, Pathology, Peripheral neuropathy, Placebo, Placebo-controlled study, Poaceae, Preservative, Primary sclerosing cholangitis, Provocation test, Psoriasis, Puberty, Randomized controlled trial, Rash, Rhinitis, Rye, Schizophrenia, Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency, Serology, Shellfish, Skin allergy test, Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, Sulfite, Systematic review, Thyroiditis, TLR4, Trypsin, USA Today, Vitiligo, Wheat, Wheat allergy, Wheat germ agglutinin, William Davis (cardiologist). Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
Abdominal pain, also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues.
Aerophagia (var. aerophagy) is a condition of excessive air swallowing, which goes to the stomach.
Alessio Fasano is an Italian medical doctor, pediatric gastroenterologist and researcher.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
Alternative medicine, fringe medicine, pseudomedicine or simply questionable medicine is the use and promotion of practices which are unproven, disproven, impossible to prove, or excessively harmful in relation to their effect — in the attempt to achieve the healing effects of medicine.--> --> --> They differ from experimental medicine in that the latter employs responsible investigation, and accepts results that show it to be ineffective. The scientific consensus is that alternative therapies either do not, or cannot, work. In some cases laws of nature are violated by their basic claims; in some the treatment is so much worse that its use is unethical. Alternative practices, products, and therapies range from only ineffective to having known harmful and toxic effects.--> Alternative therapies may be credited for perceived improvement through placebo effects, decreased use or effect of medical treatment (and therefore either decreased side effects; or nocebo effects towards standard treatment),--> or the natural course of the condition or disease. Alternative treatment is not the same as experimental treatment or traditional medicine, although both can be misused in ways that are alternative. Alternative or complementary medicine is dangerous because it may discourage people from getting the best possible treatment, and may lead to a false understanding of the body and of science.-->---> Alternative medicine is used by a significant number of people, though its popularity is often overstated.--> Large amounts of funding go to testing alternative medicine, with more than US$2.5 billion spent by the United States government alone.--> Almost none show any effect beyond that of false treatment,--> and most studies showing any effect have been statistical flukes. Alternative medicine is a highly profitable industry, with a strong lobby. This fact is often overlooked by media or intentionally kept hidden, with alternative practice being portrayed positively when compared to "big pharma". --> The lobby has successfully pushed for alternative therapies to be subject to far less regulation than conventional medicine.--> Alternative therapies may even be allowed to promote use when there is demonstrably no effect, only a tradition of use. Regulation and licensing of alternative medicine and health care providers varies between and within countries. Despite laws making it illegal to market or promote alternative therapies for use in cancer treatment, many practitioners promote them.--> Alternative medicine is criticized for taking advantage of the weakest members of society.--! Terminology has shifted over time, reflecting the preferred branding of practitioners.. Science Based Medicine--> For example, the United States National Institutes of Health department studying alternative medicine, currently named National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, was established as the Office of Alternative Medicine and was renamed the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine before obtaining its current name. Therapies are often framed as "natural" or "holistic", in apparent opposition to conventional medicine which is "artificial" and "narrow in scope", statements which are intentionally misleading. --> When used together with functional medical treatment, alternative therapies do not "complement" (improve the effect of, or mitigate the side effects of) treatment.--> Significant drug interactions caused by alternative therapies may instead negatively impact functional treatment, making it less effective, notably in cancer.--> Alternative diagnoses and treatments are not part of medicine, or of science-based curricula in medical schools, nor are they used in any practice based on scientific knowledge or experience.--> Alternative therapies are often based on religious belief, tradition, superstition, belief in supernatural energies, pseudoscience, errors in reasoning, propaganda, fraud, or lies.--> Alternative medicine is based on misleading statements, quackery, pseudoscience, antiscience, fraud, and poor scientific methodology. Promoting alternative medicine has been called dangerous and unethical.--> Testing alternative medicine that has no scientific basis has been called a waste of scarce research resources.--> Critics state that "there is really no such thing as alternative medicine, just medicine that works and medicine that doesn't",--> that the very idea of "alternative" treatments is paradoxical, as any treatment proven to work is by definition "medicine".-->.
An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars.
Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.
Anti-gliadin antibodies are produced in response to gliadin, a prolamin found in wheat.
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.
Aphthous stomatitis is a common condition characterized by the repeated formation of benign and non-contagious mouth ulcers (aphthae) in otherwise healthy individuals.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Ataxia is a neurological sign consisting of lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements that includes gait abnormality.
Atopy is a predisposition toward developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions.
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part.
Autoimmune hepatitis, formerly called lupoid hepatitis, is a chronic, autoimmune disease of the liver that occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells causing the liver to be inflamed.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
A biomarker, or biological marker, generally refers to a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition.
In medicine, a biomarker is a measurable indicator of the severity or presence of some disease state.
Abdominal bloating is a symptom that can appear at any age, generally associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders or organic diseases, but can also appear alone.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.
Consensus decision-making is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole.
Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass.
Contamination is the presence of an unwanted constituent, contaminant or impurity in a material, physical body, natural environment, workplace, etc.
David Perlmutter is a Naples, Florida based American celebrity doctor and author.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.
Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a chronic blistering skin condition, characterised by blisters filled with a watery fluid.
Diabetes mellitus type 1, also known as type 1 diabetes, is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced.
A diagnosis of exclusion (per exclusionem) is a diagnosis of a medical condition reached by a process of elimination, which may be necessary if presence cannot be established with complete confidence from history, examination or testing.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
The duodenal bulb is the portion of the duodenum which is closest to the stomach.
Duodenal lymphocytosis, sometimes called lymphocytic duodenitis, lymphocytic duodenosis, or duodenal intraepithelial lymphocytosis, is a condition where an increased number of intra-epithelial lymphocytes is seen in biopsies of the duodenal mucosa when these are examined microscopically.
The duodenum is the first section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterised by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure.
FODMAPs are short chain carbohydrates that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine.
Folate deficiency is a low level of folic acid and derivatives in the body.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
Food intolerance is a detrimental reaction, often delayed, to a food, beverage, food additive, or compound found in foods that produces symptoms in one or more body organs and systems, but generally refers to reactions other than food allergy.
Fructose malabsorption, formerly named "dietary fructose intolerance" (DFI), is a digestive disorder in which absorption of fructose is impaired by deficient fructose carriers in the small intestine's enterocytes.
Gastroenterology (MeSH heading) is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux, is a long-term condition where stomach contents come back up into the esophagus resulting in either symptoms or complications.
Gliadin (a type of prolamin) is a class of proteins present in wheat and several other cereals within the grass genus Triticum.
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
Gluten (from Latin gluten, "glue") is a composite of storage proteins termed prolamins and glutelins and stored together with starch in the endosperm (which nourishes the embryonic plant during germination) of various cereal (grass) grains.
The gluten challenge test (short: gluten challenge) is a medical test in which gluten-containing foods are consumed and (re-)occurrence of symptoms is observed afterwards to determine whether and how much a patient reacts to these foods.
A gluten-free diet (GFD) is a diet that strictly excludes gluten, a mixture of proteins found in wheat and related grains, including barley, rye, oat, and all their species and hybrids (such as spelt, kamut, and triticale).
Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases triggered by gluten.
Gwyneth Kate Paltrow (born September 27, 1972) is an American actress, singer, and food writer.
A hallucination is a perception in the absence of external stimulus that has qualities of real perception.
Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.
The Herald Sun is a morning newspaper based in Melbourne, Australia published by The Herald and Weekly Times, a subsidiary of News Corp Australia, itself a subsidiary of News Corp. The Herald Sun primarily serves Victoria and shares many articles with other News Corporation daily newspapers, especially those from Australia. It is also available for purchase in Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and border regions of South Australia and southern New South Wales such as the Riverina and NSW South Coast, and is available digitally through its website and apps. In March 2009, the paper had a daily circulation of 530,000 from Monday to Friday.
Hypoesthesia (also spelled as hypesthesia) is a common side effect of various medical conditions which manifests as a reduced sense of touch or sensation, or a partial loss of sensitivity to sensory stimuli.
Immunoglobulin A (IgA, also referred to as sIgA in its secretory form) is an antibody that plays a crucial role in the immune function of mucous membranes.
Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is a type of antibody (or immunoglobulin (Ig) "isotype") that has only been found in mammals.
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) involves the process of selectively imaging antigens (proteins) in cells of a tissue section by exploiting the principle of antibodies binding specifically to antigens in biological tissues.
In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Internal medicine or general medicine (in Commonwealth nations) is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases.
Intestinal villi (singular: villus) are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine.
Iron-deficiency anemia is anemia caused by a lack of iron.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.
This is a list of diseases and diagnoses that are considered questionable or rejected by many in the medical profession.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.
Miley Ray Cyrus (born Destiny Hope Cyrus; November 23, 1992) is an American singer, songwriter, and actress.
Mites are small arthropods belonging to the class Arachnida and the subclass Acari (also known as Acarina).
Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.
A neurological disorder is any disorder of the nervous system.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation such as tingling, tickling, pricking, numbness or burning of a person's skin with no apparent physical cause.
Parietaria is a genus of flowering plants in the family Urticaceae, native to temperate and tropical regions across the world.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is damage to or disease affecting nerves, which may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or other aspects of health, depending on the type of nerve affected.
A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.
Placebo-controlled studies are a way of testing a medical therapy in which, in addition to a group of subjects that receives the treatment to be evaluated, a separate control group receives a sham "placebo" treatment which is specifically designed to have no real effect.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a long-term progressive disease of the liver and gallbladder characterized by inflammation and scarring of the bile ducts which normally allow bile to drain from the gallbladder.
A provocation test, also called a provocation trial or provocation study, is a form of medical clinical trial whereby participants are exposed to either a substance or "thing" that is claimed to provoke a response, or to a sham substance or device that should provoke no response.
Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin.
Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.
A randomized controlled trial (or randomized control trial; RCT) is a type of scientific (often medical) experiment which aims to reduce bias when testing a new treatment.
A rash is a change of the human skin which affects its color, appearance, or texture.
Rhinitis, also known as coryza, is irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose.
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Selective immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency (SIgAD) is a genetic immunodeficiency, a type of hypogammaglobulinemia.
Serology is the scientific study of serum and other bodily fluids.
Shellfish is a food source and fisheries term for exoskeleton-bearing aquatic invertebrates used as food, including various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
Skin allergy testing or Skin prick test is a method for medical diagnosis of allergies that attempts to provoke a small, controlled, allergic response.
Small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), also termed bacterial overgrowths, or small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome (SBBOS), is a disorder of excessive bacterial growth in the small intestine.
Sulfites or sulphites are compounds that contain the sulfite ion (or the sulfate(IV) ion, from its correct systematic name),.
Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize studies.
Thyroiditis is the inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Toll-like receptor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR4 gene.
Trypsin is a serine protease from the PA clan superfamily, found in the digestive system of many vertebrates, where it hydrolyzes proteins.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Vitiligo is a long-term skin condition characterized by patches of the skin losing their pigment.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
Wheat allergy is an allergy to wheat which typically presents itself as a food allergy, but can also be a contact allergy resulting from occupational exposure.
Wheat germ agglutinin or WGA is a lectin that protects wheat (Triticum vulgaris) from insects, yeast and bacteria.
William R. Davis is a Milwaukee-based American cardiologist and author of health books known for his stance against "modern wheat", which he labels a "perfect, chronic poison." This view had previously been rejected by the medical and agricultural industry based on conjecture, minimal controlled studies, and challenges inherent to clinical research, however anecdotal evidence such as Dr.