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Non-deterministic Turing machine

Index Non-deterministic Turing machine

In theoretical computer science, a Turing machine is a theoretical machine that is used in thought experiments to examine the abilities and limitations of computers. [1]

14 relations: Breadth-first search, Christos Papadimitriou, Harry R. Lewis, Many-worlds interpretation, NP-completeness, P versus NP problem, Probabilistic Turing machine, Quantum computing, Quantum superposition, Qubit, Scott Aaronson, Theoretical computer science, Thought experiment, Turing machine.

Breadth-first search

Breadth-first search (BFS) is an algorithm for traversing or searching tree or graph data structures.

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Christos Papadimitriou

Christos Harilaos Papadimitriou (Greek: Χρήστος Χαρίλαος Παπαδημητρίου; born August 16, 1949) is a Greek theoretical computer scientist, and professor of Computer Science at Columbia University.

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Harry R. Lewis

Lewis has been honored for his "particularly distinguished contributions to undergraduate teaching"; his students have included future entrepreneurs Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg, and numerous future faculty members at Harvard and other schools.

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Many-worlds interpretation

The many-worlds interpretation is an interpretation of quantum mechanics that asserts the objective reality of the universal wavefunction and denies the actuality of wavefunction collapse.

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In computational complexity theory, an NP-complete decision problem is one belonging to both the NP and the NP-hard complexity classes.

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P versus NP problem

The P versus NP problem is a major unsolved problem in computer science.

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Probabilistic Turing machine

In computability theory, a probabilistic Turing machine is a non-deterministic Turing machine which chooses between the available transitions at each point according to some probability distribution.

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Quantum computing

Quantum computing is computing using quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement.

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Quantum superposition

Quantum superposition is a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics.

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In quantum computing, a qubit or quantum bit (sometimes qbit) is a unit of quantum information—the quantum analogue of the classical binary bit.

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Scott Aaronson

Scott Joel Aaronson (born May 21, 1981) is an American theoretical computer scientist and David J. Bruton Jr.

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Theoretical computer science

Theoretical computer science, or TCS, is a subset of general computer science and mathematics that focuses on more mathematical topics of computing and includes the theory of computation.

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Thought experiment

A thought experiment (Gedankenexperiment, Gedanken-Experiment or Gedankenerfahrung) considers some hypothesis, theory, or principle for the purpose of thinking through its consequences.

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Turing machine

A Turing machine is a mathematical model of computation that defines an abstract machine, which manipulates symbols on a strip of tape according to a table of rules.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-deterministic_Turing_machine

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