541 relations: A. Byron Holderby Jr., Adam Thoroughgood, African Americans, Alex Marshall (journalist), Aline Elizabeth Black, Allan C. Hill, Allied Command Transformation, American Basketball Association, American Broadcasting Company, American Colonization Society, American Revolution, American Revolutionary War, Amtrak, Aquarium, Arboretum, Area code 757, Art Deco, Asian Americans, Attucks Theatre, Autumn, Back-to-Africa movement, BAE Systems Electronics, Intelligence & Support, Baluster, Barbara Perry (actress), Baseball America, Battle of Hampton Roads, Beacon Health Options, Berkley Bridge (Virginia), Berkley, Virginia, Better Call Saul, Bituminous coal, Bobby Scott (politician), Bon Secours DePaul Medical Center, Botanical garden, Breitbart News, Brick, Brickwork, Bridge, Bridge–tunnel, Brown v. Board of Education, Bruce Smith (defensive end), Bruce Springsteen, Buffalo Bills, Bus, Business park, Cagayan de Oro, Cajun cuisine, Cajuns, Canada, CBS, ..., Census, Charles I of England, Chesapeake Bay, Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel, Chesapeake Regional Airport, Chesapeake, Virginia, Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, Chimney, China, Chris Jones (center), Chrysler Hall, Chrysler Museum of Art, City council, City manager, Clarence Clemons, Classical order, CMA CGM, College of William & Mary, Colony of Virginia, Combined statistical area, Commonwealth (U.S. state), Community college, Concrete, Constitution of Virginia, Constitutionality, Containerization, CSS Alabama, CSS Virginia, Cupola, Currituck County, North Carolina, David S. Bill III, David Wright, Deborah Shelton, Democratic Party (United States), Dermatology, Detroit Tigers, Diabetes mellitus, Diplomacy, Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era, Dollar Tree, Dominion Energy, Dominion Enterprises, Donald Trump, Doris Eaton Travis, Douglas MacArthur, Downtown Norfolk, Virginia, Downtown Tunnel, E Street Band, Earl of Dunmore, Eastern Time Zone, Eastern Virginia Medical School, ECHL, Ed Schultz, Elizabeth City (Virginia Company), Elizabeth City Shire, Elizabeth City, North Carolina micropolitan area, Elizabeth River (Virginia), Ella Baker, England, Executive (government), Export, Fairmount Park Neighborhood, Fanlight, Federal architecture, Federal Information Processing Standards, Ferry, Fight (band), Film, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Flag state, Ford Motor Company, Fortune 500, Fox Broadcasting Company, Framing (construction), Francis Land Galt, Free people of color, Fukuoka Prefecture, Gable, Gates County, North Carolina, Gene Vincent, General (United States), General Dynamics, General of the Army (United States), Geographic Names Information System, George II of Great Britain, George Yeardley, Georgian architecture, Ghana, Ghent (Norfolk), Glass, Glee (TV series), Gloucester County, Virginia, Gothic Revival architecture, Governor of Virginia, Governor's School for the Arts, Granby Street, Grant Gustin, Great Depression, Greyhound Lines, Gulf War, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Hampton Roads, Hampton Roads Bridge–Tunnel, Hampton Roads Transit, Hampton, Virginia, Hap Farber, Harbor, Harbor Park, Harrison Opera House, HathiTrust, Hester C. Jeffrey, High-rise building, Hispanic and Latino Americans, HMS Liverpool (1758), House of Burgesses, Hughie Prince, Humid subtropical climate, Huntington Ingalls Industries, IMDb, Import, In vitro fertilisation, Incorporated town, Independence Day (United States), Independent city (United States), India, Inside Business (newspaper), International League, Internet Archive, Interstate 264 (Virginia), Interstate 464, Interstate 64 in Virginia, Interstate 664, Interstate Highway System, Intracoastal Waterway, Ion Television, Ironclad warship, Irvine B. Hill, Isle of Wight County, Virginia, Italianate architecture, J. Lindsay Almond, James City County, Virginia, James Michael McAdoo, Jamestown Exposition, Jimmy Archey, JoAnn Falletta, Joe Smith (basketball), John E. Wool, John Mullan (road builder), John Wesley Shipp, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, Joseph Stika, Joseph T. Fitzpatrick, Judas Priest, Justin Upton, Kaliningrad, Kam Chancellor, Keely Smith, Kempsville, Virginia, Kenny Alexander, Kentucky, Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, King's Lynn, Kitakyushu, Knucks James, Kochi, Korean War, Lafayette River, Lake Gaston, Lake Taylor Transitional Care Hospital, Landmark Media Enterprises, Latin, Leah Ray, Legislature, Lenda Murray, Lenoir Chambers, Liberal arts education, Liberia, Light rail, List of cities and counties in Virginia, List of metropolitan statistical areas, List of sovereign states, List of tallest buildings in Norfolk, Virginia, List of United States cities by population, London Company, Louis Isaac Jaffe, Louisa Venable Kyle, Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, Lower Saxony, Loyalist (American Revolution), Lynnhaven River, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Maersk, Major League Baseball, Manumission, Margaret Sullavan, Marriage, Martial law, Mary Lawson (baseball), Mason Andrews, Massive resistance, Mathews County, Virginia, Mayor, Media market, Melvin Upton Jr., Member of Congress, Men's Health, Michael Basnight, Michael Cuddyer, Mid-Atlantic (United States), Midtown Tunnel (Virginia), Midwestern United States, Military Highway, Minor League Baseball, Miss USA 1970, Miss Virginia USA, Mission: Impossible III, Mullan Road, Municipal corporation, Museum ship, Music, MyNetworkTV, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Register of Historic Places listings in Norfolk, Virginia, National Steel and Shipbuilding Company, Native Americans in the United States, NATO, Natural gas, Nauticus, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Naval Review, Naval Station Norfolk, Navy SEALs (film), NBC, NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament, Negro league baseball, Neoclassical architecture, Neoclassicism, New Journal and Guide, New Norfolk County, Virginia, New World, New York Mets, Newport News, Virginia, Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport, News, Nielsen Media Research, Ningbo, Non-Hispanic whites, Norfolk, Norfolk Academy, Norfolk Admirals (ECHL), Norfolk Assembly, Norfolk Blues, Norfolk Botanical Garden, Norfolk Christian Schools, Norfolk City Hall, Norfolk Convention and Visitors Bureau, Norfolk County, Virginia, Norfolk International Airport, Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Norfolk Police Department, Norfolk Scope, Norfolk Southern Railway, Norfolk State University, Norfolk station (Amtrak), Norfolk Tars, Norfolk Tides, Norfolk, Virginia, North Carolina, Northeast Corridor, Northeast Regional, Nottz, Nova Scotia, Obstetrics, Ocean View (Norfolk), Ocean View Amusement Park, Ogive, Old Dominion Monarchs and Lady Monarchs, Old Dominion University, Old Dominion University Fieldhouse, Operation Smile, Outlaw, Pacific Islands Americans, Palladian architecture, Paratransit, Patrick Wilson (American actor), Paul D. 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Paige, Richmond, Virginia, Right-of-way (transportation), Roanoke, Virginia, Rob Estes, Rock (geology), Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Rollercoaster (1977 film), Ryan Farish, Saint Patrick's Day, Saint Paul's Episcopal Church (Norfolk, Virginia), Samuel Face, Samuel Mason, Scott Taylor (politician), Scott Travis, Seattle Seahawks, Sentara Healthcare, Sentara Norfolk General Hospital, Sewell's Point, Sex ratio, Sheriff, Shires of Virginia, Siberian tiger, Sister city, Skyline, Slavery, Smithfield Foods, Smithfield, Virginia, South Hampton Roads, Southampton County, Virginia, Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor, Southern Branch Elizabeth River, Southern Company Gas, Southern United States, Sport, State government, State of the art, Stephen Furst, Steve Bannon, Steven Newsome, Suburb, Suffolk, Virginia, Supreme Court of the United States, Supreme Court of Virginia, Talk radio, Ted Constant Convocation Center, Tema, Tennessee, Terraced house, Terracotta, Thatching, The CW, The Flash (1990 TV series), The Flash (2014 TV series), The New York Times, The NorVa, The Rouse Company, The Virginian-Pilot, Theodore Roosevelt, Thin Lizzy, Third party (United States), Thomas Jefferson Randolph, Thomas Wilkins (conductor), Tide Light Rail, Tidewater Community College, Tile, Tim Reid, Timbaland, Tobacco, Tobacco Inspection Act, Toronto Blue Jays, Toulon, Town Point Park, Tudor Revival architecture, Tunnel, U.S. Route 13 in Virginia, U.S. Route 460 in Virginia, U.S. Route 58, U.S. Route 60 in Virginia, U.S. state, Union (American Civil War), United States Census Bureau, United States Coast Guard, United States Department of Defense, United States district court, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, United States Fleet Forces Command, United States Geological Survey, United States Navy, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1912, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1916, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1920, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1924, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1928, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1932, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1936, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1940, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1944, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1948, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1952, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1956, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1960, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1964, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1968, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1972, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1976, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1980, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1984, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1988, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1992, United States presidential election in Virginia, 1996, United States presidential election in Virginia, 2000, United States presidential election in Virginia, 2004, United States presidential election in Virginia, 2008, United States presidential election in Virginia, 2012, United States presidential election in Virginia, 2016, University of North Carolina, Upper Norfolk County, Virginia, Urban renewal, USS Monitor, USS Wisconsin (BB-64), Veranda, Veterans Health Administration, Vincent Thomas (mayor), Virginia, Virginia Beach Boulevard, Virginia Beach, Virginia, Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, Virginia General Assembly, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Virginia Opera, Virginia Peninsula, Virginia Port Authority, Virginia Squires, Virginia State Route 168, Virginia State Route 337, Virginia State Route 403, Virginia Symphony Orchestra, Virginia Wesleyan University, Virginia Zoological Park, Virginian Railway, Walter E. 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Anderson Byron Holderby, Jr. (April 13, 1935 – August 24, 2012) was a rear admiral and Chief of Chaplains of the United States Navy.
Adam Thoroughgood (1604–1640) was a colonist and community leader in the Virginia Colony who helped settle the area of South Hampton Roads known in contemporary times as the independent city of Virginia Beach, Virginia.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Alex Marshall is a journalist who writes and speaks about urban planning, transportation, and political economy.
Aline Elizabeth Black, also known under her married name of Aline Elizabeth Black Hicks, (born 1906, died 1974) was an African-American educator, known for taking part in a civil rights court case that centered on unequal pay.
Allan C. Hill (September 23, 1948 in Norfolk, Virginia – September 10, 2007 in Sarasota, Florida) was an American Entrepreneur and Circus owner.
Allied Command Transformation (ACT; Le Commandement allié Transformation) is a NATO military command, which was formed in 2003 after North Atlantic Treaty Organisation restructuring.
The original American Basketball Association (ABA) was a men's professional basketball league, from 1967 to 1976.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America, commonly known as the American Colonization Society (ACS), was a group established in 1816 by Robert Finley of New Jersey which supported the migration of free African Americans to the continent of Africa.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
An arboretum (plural: arboreta) in a general sense is a botanical collection composed exclusively of trees.
The North American telephone area code 757 is a NANPA telephone area code covering the southeast corner of Virginia.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
The Attucks Theatre, located in Norfolk, Virginia, United States, was financed, designed and constructed by African American entrepreneurs in 1919.
Autumn, also known as fall in American and Canadian English, is one of the four temperate seasons.
The Back-to-Africa movement, also known as the Colonization movement or After slave act, originated in the United States in the 19th century.
BAE Systems Electronic Systems (ES) is one of three operating groups of BAE Systems Inc., the North American subsidiary of the British global defence contractor BAE Systems Plc.
A baluster—also called spindle or stair stick—is a moulded shaft, square or of lathe-turned form, cut from a rectangular or square plank, one of various forms of spindle in woodwork, made of stone or wood and sometimes of metal, standing on a unifying footing, and supporting the coping of a parapet or the handrail of a staircase.
Barbara Perry (born June 22, 1923) is an American actress, singer and dancer who worked in both Hollywood and Broadway.
Baseball America is a sports magazine that covers baseball at every level, with a particular focus on up-and-coming players in high school, college, Japan, and the minor leagues.
The Battle of Hampton Roads, often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (or Virginia) or the Battle of Ironclads, was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of navies.
Beacon Health Options, Inc. is a behavioral health company based in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Interstate 264 Berkley Bridge is a double-leaf bascule bridge that crosses the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River in Norfolk, Virginia, United States.
Berkley was an incorporated town in Norfolk County, Virginia.
Better Call Saul is an American television crime drama series created by Vince Gilligan and Peter Gould.
Bituminous coal or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen or asphalt.
Robert Cortez Scott (born April 30, 1947) is the U.S. Representative from.
Bon Secours DePaul Medical Center is a historical, general medical and surgical hospital located in Norfolk, Virginia.
A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.
Breitbart News Network (known commonly as Breitbart News, Breitbart or Breitbart.com) is a far-right*.
A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.
Brickwork is masonry produced by a bricklayer, using bricks and mortar.
A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.
A bridge–tunnel is a persistent, unbroken road or rail connection across water that uses a combination of bridges and tunnels, and sometimes causeways, and does not involve intermittent connections such as drawbridges or ferries.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Bruce Bernard Smith (born June 18, 1963) is a former American football defensive end for the Buffalo Bills and the Washington Redskins of the National Football League.
Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an American singer-songwriter and musician, known for his work with the E Street Band.
The Buffalo Bills are a professional American football team based in the Buffalo–Niagara Falls metropolitan area.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
A business park or office park is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together.
, officially the, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro; Filipino: Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro), or simply referred to as Cagayan de Oro City, is a highly urbanized city in Northern Mindanao,.
Cajun cuisine (Cuisine cadienne) is a style of cooking named for the French-speaking Acadian people deported by the British from Acadia in Canada to the Acadiana region of Louisiana.
The Cajuns (Louisiana les Cadiens), also known as Acadians (Louisiana les Acadiens) are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana, and in The Maritimes as well as Québec consisting in part of the descendants of the original Acadian exiles—French-speakers from Acadia (L'Acadie) in what are now the Maritimes of Eastern Canada.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary in the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia.
The Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel (CBBT) is a bridge–tunnel crossing at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, the Hampton Roads harbor, and nearby mouths of the James and Elizabeth Rivers in the American state of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Chesapeake Regional Airport is a public use airport located in the city of Chesapeake, Virginia and serving the Hampton Roads area.
Chesapeake is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters (CHKD), located in Norfolk, Virginia, United States, is the only freestanding children's hospital in Virginia.
A chimney is a structure that provides ventilation for hot flue gases or smoke from a boiler, stove, furnace or fireplace to the outside atmosphere.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chris Juan Jones (born June 26, 1964) is a former American football center who played one season with the New York Giants of the National Football League.
Chrysler Hall is the premier performing arts venue in Norfolk, Virginia, located in the downtown section of the city.
The Chrysler Museum of Art is an art museum on the border between downtown and the Ghent district of Norfolk, Virginia.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council–manager form of city government.
Clarence Anicholas Clemons Jr. (January 11, 1942 – June 18, 2011), also known as The Big Man, was an American saxophonist, musician and actor.
An order in architecture is a certain assemblage of parts subject to uniform established proportions, regulated by the office that each part has to perform". Coming down to the present from Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman civilization, the architectural orders are the styles of classical architecture, each distinguished by its proportions and characteristic profiles and details, and most readily recognizable by the type of column employed.
CMA CGM S.A. is a French container transportation and shipping company.
The College of William & Mary (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University. William & Mary educated American Presidents Thomas Jefferson (third), James Monroe (fifth), and John Tyler (tenth) as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay of Kentucky, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence, earning it the nickname "the Alma Mater of the Nation." A young George Washington (1732–1799) also received his surveyor's license through the college. W&M students founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and W&M was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the earliest higher level universities in the United States. In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a joint engineering program with Columbia University in New York City), W&M is home to several graduate programs (including computer science, public policy, physics, and colonial history) and four professional schools (law, business, education, and marine science). In his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, Richard Moll categorized William & Mary as one of eight "Public Ivies".
The Colony of Virginia, chartered in 1606 and settled in 1607, was the first enduring English colony in North America, following failed proprietary attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey GilbertGILBERT (Saunders Family), SIR HUMPHREY" (history), Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online, University of Toronto, May 2, 2005 in 1583, and the subsequent further south Roanoke Island (modern eastern North Carolina) by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s. The founder of the new colony was the Virginia Company, with the first two settlements in Jamestown on the north bank of the James River and Popham Colony on the Kennebec River in modern-day Maine, both in 1607. The Popham colony quickly failed due to a famine, disease, and conflict with local Native American tribes in the first two years. Jamestown occupied land belonging to the Powhatan Confederacy, and was also at the brink of failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies by ship in 1610. Tobacco became Virginia's first profitable export, the production of which had a significant impact on the society and settlement patterns. In 1624, the Virginia Company's charter was revoked by King James I, and the Virginia colony was transferred to royal authority as a crown colony. After the English Civil War in the 1640s and 50s, the Virginia colony was nicknamed "The Old Dominion" by King Charles II for its perceived loyalty to the English monarchy during the era of the Protectorate and Commonwealth of England.. From 1619 to 1775/1776, the colonial legislature of Virginia was the House of Burgesses, which governed in conjunction with a colonial governor. Jamestown on the James River remained the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699; from 1699 until its dissolution the capital was in Williamsburg. The colony experienced its first major political turmoil with Bacon's Rebellion of 1676. After declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1775, before the Declaration of Independence was officially adopted, the Virginia colony became the Commonwealth of Virginia, one of the original thirteen states of the United States, adopting as its official slogan "The Old Dominion". The entire modern states of West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois, and portions of Ohio and Western Pennsylvania were later created from the territory encompassed, or claimed by, the colony of Virginia at the time of further American independence in July 1776.
A combined statistical area (CSA) is composed of adjacent metropolitan (MSA) and micropolitan statistical areas (µSA) in the United States and Puerto Rico that can demonstrate economic or social linkage.
Commonwealth is a designation used by four of the 50 states of the United States in their full official state names: Kentucky, Massachusetts,, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
A community college is a type of educational institution.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia is the document that defines and limits the powers of the state government and the basic rights of the citizens of the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia.
Constitutionality is the condition of acting in accordance with an applicable constitution; the status of a law, a procedure, or an act's accordance with the laws or guidelines set forth in the applicable constitution.
Containerization is a system of intermodal freight transport using intermodal containers (also called shipping containers and ISO containers).
CSS Alabama was a screw sloop-of-war built in 1862 for the Confederate States Navy at Birkenhead on the River Mersey opposite Liverpool, England by John Laird Sons and Company.
CSS Virginia was the first steam-powered ironclad warship built by the Confederate States Navy during the first year of the American Civil War; she was constructed as a casemate ironclad using the raised and cut down original lower hull and engines of the scuttled steam frigate.
In architecture, a cupola is a relatively small, most often dome-like, tall structure on top of a building.
Currituck County, from the North Carolina Collection's website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
David S. Bill III is a retired Rear Admiral in the United States Navy.
David Allen Wright (born December 20, 1982) is an American professional baseball third baseman who serves as captain for the New York Mets of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Deborah 'Debbie' Shelton (born November 21, 1948) is an American beauty queen and actress who held the Miss USA title and appeared on Dallas for three seasons and a special guest return in 2013.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
The Detroit Tigers are an American professional baseball team based in Detroit, Michigan.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era in the United States of America was based on a series of laws, new constitutions, and practices in the South that were deliberately used to prevent black citizens from registering to vote and voting.
Dollar Tree Stores, Inc., formerly known as Only $1.00, is an American chain of discount variety stores that sells items for $1 or less.
Dominion Energy, Inc., commonly referred to as Dominion, is an American power and energy company headquartered in Richmond, Virginia that supplies electricity in parts of Virginia and North Carolina and supplies natural gas to parts of West Virginia, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and eastern North Carolina.
Dominion Enterprises is a Norfolk, Virginia-based media and information services company for the automotive and commercial vehicle, real estate, apartment rental and travel industries.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
Doris Eaton Travis (March 14, 1904 – May 11, 2010) was an American dancer, stage and film actress, dance instructor, writer, and rancher, who was the last of the acclaimed Ziegfeld girls.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
Downtown Norfolk serves as the traditional center of commerce, government, and culture in the Hampton Roads region.
The Downtown Tunnel on Interstate 264 crosses the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River in the South Hampton Roads area of Virginia, US.
The E Street Band is an American rock band, and has been musician Bruce Springsteen's primary backing band since 1972.
Earl of Dunmore is a title in the Peerage of Scotland.
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.
Eastern Virginia Medical School (EVMS) is a public-private medical school in Norfolk, Virginia.
The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a mid-level professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and two franchises in Canada.
Edward Andrew "Ed" Schultz (born January 27, 1954) is an American television/radio host, a political commentator, and a former sports broadcaster.
Elizabeth City (or Elizabeth Cittie as it was then called) was one of four incorporations established in the Virginia Colony in 1619 by the proprietor, the Virginia Company of London, acting in accordance with instructions issued by Sir George Yeardley, Governor.
Elizabeth City Shire was one of eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634.
The Elizabeth City Micropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of three counties in the Inner Banks region of eastern North Carolina, anchored by the area of Elizabeth City.
The Elizabeth River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Ella Josephine Baker (December 13, 1903 – December 13, 1986) was an African-American civil rights and human rights activist.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
The term export means sending of goods or services produced in one country to another country.
The Fairmount Park neighborhood is a culturally and ethnically diverse neighborhood the City of Norfolk, Virginia.
A fanlight is a window, often semicircular or semi-elliptical in shape, with glazing bars or tracery sets radiating out like an open fan.
Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815.
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors.
A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water.
Fight were an English-American heavy metal band assembled by frontman Rob Halford after his departure from Judas Priest in 1992.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.
The flag state of a merchant vessel is the jurisdiction under whose laws the vessel is registered or licensed.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.
The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized as FOX) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
Framing, in construction, is the fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape.
In the context of the history of slavery in the Americas, free people of color (French: gens de couleur libres, Spanish: gente libre de color) were people of mixed African and European descent who were not enslaved.
is a prefecture of Japan on Kyūshū Island.
A gable is the generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of intersecting roof pitches.
Gates County is a small, rural county located in the northeast portion of the U.S. state of North Carolina, on the border with Virginia.
Vincent Eugene Craddock (February 11, 1935 – October 12, 1971), known as Gene Vincent, was an American musician who pioneered the styles of rock and roll and rockabilly.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.
General Dynamics Corporation (GD) is an American aerospace and defense multinational corporation formed by mergers and divestitures.
General of the Army (abbreviated as GA) is a five-star general officer and the second highest possible rank in the United States Army.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
Sir George Yeardley (1587–1627) was a planter and three time colonial Governor of the British Colony of Virginia.
Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
The Ghent District includes the various Ghent neighborhoods (Ghent, West Ghent, and Ghent Square) in Norfolk, Virginia.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
Glee is an American musical comedy-drama television series that aired on the Fox network in the United States from May 19, 2009, to March 20, 2015.
Gloucester County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
The Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term.
The Governor's School for the Arts is a regional secondary arts school sponsored by the Virginia Department of Education and the public school divisions of Chesapeake, Franklin, Isle of Wight County, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Southampton County, Suffolk, and Virginia Beach.
Granby Street in Norfolk, VA (part of which runs as U.S. Route 460 north of downtown, the Neon District, and East Ghent) is a major street in the Hampton Roads city.
Thomas Grant Gustin (born January 14, 1990) is an American actor and singer.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Greyhound Lines, Inc., usually shortened to Greyhound, is an intercity bus common carrier serving over 3,800 destinations across North America.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Halifax, officially known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water in Virginia and the surrounding metropolitan region in Southeastern Virginia and Northeastern North Carolina, United States.
The Hampton Roads Bridge–Tunnel (HRBT) is a -long Hampton Roads crossing for Interstate 64 and U.S. Route 60.
Hampton Roads Transit (HRT), incorporated on October 1, 1999, began through the voluntary merger of PENTRAN (Peninsula Transportation District Commission) on the Virginia Peninsula and TRT (Tidewater Regional Transit a.k.a. Tidewater Transit District Commission) in South Hampton Roads and currently serves over 22 million annual passengers within its service area around Hampton Roads.
Hampton is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Louis Allen "Hap" Farber, Jr. (born July 1, 1948) is a former American football linebacker who played one season in the National Football League (NFL) with the Minnesota Vikings and New Orleans Saints.
A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.
Harbor Park is a stadium, used primarily for baseball, on the Elizabeth River, in downtown Norfolk, Virginia.
The Edythe C. and Stanley L. Harrison Opera House, also known as the Harrison Opera House, is the official home of the Virginia Opera in the Neon District of Downtown Norfolk, Virginia on the border of the Ghent Square neighborhood.
HathiTrust is a large-scale collaborative repository of digital content from research libraries including content digitized via the Google Books project and Internet Archive digitization initiatives, as well as content digitized locally by libraries.
Hester C. Whitehurst Jeffrey (c. 1842 - January 2, 1934, also known as Jeffreys or Jeffries) was an African American activist, suffragist, and community organizer in New York City.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
HMS Liverpool was a 28-gun sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy.
The Virginia House of Burgesses was formed in 1642 by the General Assembly at the suggestion of then-Governor William Berkeley.
Hugh Durham Prince – also known as Hughie Prince – (9 August 1906 in Greenville in South Carolina–15 January 1960 in New York) was an American film composer and songwriter who composed "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" with lyricist Don Raye for the movie comedy Buck Privates and which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song in 1942.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) is an American Fortune 500 shipbuilding company formed on March 31, 2011 as a spin-off of Northrop Grumman.
IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.
An import is a good brought into a jurisdiction, especially across a national border, from an external source.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").
An incorporated town is a town that is a municipal corporation.
Independence Day, also referred to as the Fourth of July or July Fourth, is a federal holiday in the United States commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.
In the United States, an independent city is a city that is not in the territory of any county or counties with exceptions noted below.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Inside Business is a weekly newspaper serving Norfolk, Virginia and the Hampton Roads area.
The International League (IL) is a Minor League Baseball league that operates in the eastern United States and is headquartered in Dublin, Ohio.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
Interstate 264 (abbreviated I-264) is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Interstate 464 (I-464) is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Virginia.
In the U.S. state of Virginia, Interstate 64 runs east–west through the middle of the state from West Virginia to the Hampton Roads region, a total of.
Interstate 664 (I-664) is an auxiliary Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Virginia.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States.
The Intracoastal Waterway (ICW) is a inland waterway along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts of the United States, running from Boston, Massachusetts, southward along the Atlantic Seaboard and around the southern tip of Florida, then following the Gulf Coast to Brownsville, Texas.
Ion Television is an American broadcast, cable, and satellite television network that is owned by Ion Media.
An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century.
Irvine Byrd "Irv" Hill was a Virginia politician and broadcasting executive who served as the Mayor of the city of Norfolk from 1974 to 1976.
Isle of Wight County is a county located in the Hampton Roads region of the U.S. state of Virginia.
The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.
James Lindsay Almond Jr. (June 15, 1898 – April 15, 1986) was a United States federal judge and politician.
James City County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
James Michael Ray McAdoo (born January 4, 1993) is an American professional basketball player for the Agua Caliente Clippers of the NBA G League.
The Jamestown Exposition was one of the many world's fairs and expositions that were popular in the United States in the early part of the 20th century.
Jimmy Archey (12 October 1902 – 16 November 1967) was an American jazz trombonist born in Norfolk, Virginia, perhaps most noteworthy for his work in several prominent jazz orchestras and big bands of his time (including his own).
JoAnn Falletta (born February 27, 1954 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American conductor.
Joseph Leynard Smith (born July 26, 1975) is an American former professional basketball player who played at power forward position for 12 teams of the NBA during his 16-year career.
John Ellis Wool (February 20, 1784 – November 10, 1869) was an officer in the United States Army during three consecutive U.S. wars: the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War.
John Mullan, Jr. (July 31, 1830 – December 28, 1909) was an American soldier, explorer, civil servant, and road builder.
John Wesley Shipp (born January 22, 1955) is an American actor known for his various television roles.
Joseph Jenkins Roberts (March 15, 1809 – February 24, 1876) was the first (1848–1856) and seventh (1872–1876) President of Liberia.
Joseph Edward Stika was a Vice Admiral in the United States Coast Guard.
Joseph Thomas Fitzpatrick (June 1, 1929 – July 12, 2006) was an American politician.
Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in West Bromwich in 1969.
Justin Irvin Upton (born August 25, 1987) is an American professional baseball outfielder for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Kaliningrad (p; former German name: Königsberg; Yiddish: קעניגסבערג, Kenigsberg; r; Old Prussian: Twangste, Kunnegsgarbs, Knigsberg; Polish: Królewiec) is a city in the administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.
Kameron Darnel Chancellor (born April 3, 1988) is an American football strong safety for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL).
Dorothy Jacqueline Keely (March 9, 1928The reference work The Encyclopedia of Native Music: More Than a Century of Recordings from Wax Cylinder to the Internet gives Smith's date of birth as March 9, 1932. – December 16, 2017), better known as Keely Smith, was an American jazz and popular music singer, who performed and recorded extensively in the 1950s with then-husband Louis Prima, and throughout the 1960s as a solo artist.
Kempsville is a formerly unincorporated community located in the former Princess Anne County, Virginia.
Kenneth Cooper Alexander (born October 17, 1966, in Norfolk, Virginia) is an American politician, serving as the mayor of Norfolk, Virginia.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
Kill Devil Hills is a town in Dare County, North Carolina.
King's Lynn, known until 1537 as Bishop's Lynn, is a seaport and market town in Norfolk, England, about north of London, north-east of Peterborough, north north-east of Cambridge and west of Norwich.
is one of two designated cities in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, together with Fukuoka, with a population of just under 1 million people.
William "Knucks" James (May 2, 1878 - June 1966) was an African-American baseball second baseman in the Negro Leagues.
Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
The Lafayette River, earlier known as Tanner's Creek, is a U.S. Geological Survey.
Lake Gaston is a hydroelectric reservoir in the eastern United States.
Lake Taylor Transitional Care Hospital (LTTCH) is a 296 bed, state-licensed, long-term acute care hospital and nursing facility located in Norfolk, Virginia.
Landmark Media Enterprises, LLC (formerly Landmark Communications) is a privately held media company headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia specializing in newspaper publishing, Internet publishing, software and data centers.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leah Ray Hubbard Werblin (February 16, 1915 – May 27, 1999) was an American singer and actress born in Norfolk, Virginia who performed in the Big Band era and who sang and acted in more than a dozen motion pictures.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Lenda Murray (born February 22, 1962) is an American professional female bodybuilding champion.
Lenoir Chambers (1891-1970) was a writer, biographer and newspaper editor.
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties, along with 38 independent cities that are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.
The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined 383 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) for the United States and seven for Puerto Rico.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
The history of high-rises in Norfolk began in the early 1900s with the construction of such structures as the 12-story Royster Building in 1912.
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States.
The London Company (also called the Virginia Company of London) was an English joint stock company established in 1606 by royal charter by King James I with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.
Louis Isaac Jaffe (1888–1950) was editorial page editor of the newspaper Virginian-Pilot of Norfolk, Virginia from 1919 to 1950.
Louisa Venable Kyle (August 11, 1903 – October 24, 1999) was an American historian, author and journalist.
Lower Norfolk County is a long-extinct county which was organized in colonial Virginia, operating from 1637 until 1691.
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany.
Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time.
The Lynnhaven River is a tidal estuary located in the independent city of Virginia Beach, Virginia, in the United States, and flows into the Chesapeake Bay west of Cape Henry at Lynnhaven Inlet, beyond which is Lynnhaven Roads.
Lyon Gardiner Tyler Sr. (August 24, 1853 – February 12, 1935) was an American educator, genealogist, and historian.
A.P. Moller–Maersk Group (Danish: A.P. Møller–Mærsk A/S), also known as Maersk, is a Danish business conglomerate with activities in the transport, logistics and energy sectors.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Manumission, or affranchisement, is the act of an owner freeing his or her slaves.
Margaret Brooke Sullavan (May 16, 1909 – January 1, 1960) was an American actress of stage and film.
Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity (in-laws and other family through marriage).
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.
Mary Lawson (August 15, 1924 – September 6, 1997) was a backup outfielder and right handed hitter who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
Mason Cooke Andrews (April 19, 1919, in Norfolk, Virginia – October 13, 2006, in Norfolk, Virginia) was a Virginia politician and physician, known for delivering America's first in vitro baby.
Massive resistance was a strategy declared by U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr. of Virginia along with his brother-in-law as the leader in the Virginia General Assembly, Democrat Delegate James M. Thomson of Alexandria, to unite white politicians and leaders in Virginia in a campaign of new state laws and policies to prevent public school desegregation, particularly after the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision in 1954.
Mathews County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area (DMA), television market area, or simply market is a region where the population can receive the same (or similar) television and radio station offerings, and may also include other types of media including newspapers and Internet content.
Melvin Emanuel Upton Jr. (born August 21, 1984), formerly known as B. J. Upton, is an American professional baseball outfielder who is a free agent.
A Member of Congress (MOC) is a person who has been appointed or elected and inducted into an official body called a congress, typically to represent a particular constituency in a legislature.
Men's Health (MH), published by Rodale Inc. in Emmaus, Pennsylvania, United States, is the world's largest men's magazine brand, with 35 editions in 59 countries.
Michael Basnight (born September 3, 1977) is a former American football running back who played one season with the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League.
Michael Brent Cuddyer (born March 27, 1979) is an American former professional baseball outfielder who played 15 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Minnesota Twins, Colorado Rockies, and New York Mets.
The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
The Midtown Tunnel crosses the main channel of the Elizabeth River in the South Hampton Roads area of Virginia where it is one of two tunnels that link the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Military Highway is a four-lane roadway built in the South Hampton Roads region of eastern Virginia, USA during World War II.
Minor League Baseball is a hierarchy of professional baseball leagues in the Americas that compete at levels below Major League Baseball (MLB) and provide opportunities for player development and a way to prepare for the major leagues.
Miss USA 1970, the 19th Miss USA pageant, was televised live by CBS from Miami Beach, Florida on May 16, 1970.
The Miss Virginia USA competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Virginia in the Miss USA pageant.
Mission: Impossible III (stylized as M:i:III) is a 2006 American action spy film co-written and directed by J. J. Abrams in his directorial debut and starring Tom Cruise, who also served as a producer, in the role of IMF agent Ethan Hunt.
Mullan Road was the first wagon road to cross the Rocky Mountains to the Inland of the Pacific Northwest.
A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.
A museum ship, also called a memorial ship, is a ship that has been preserved and converted into a museum open to the public for educational or memorial purposes.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
MyNetworkTV (unofficially abbreviated as MyTV, MyNet, MNT or MNTV), is an American television network/syndication service that is owned by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox, operated by its Fox Television Stations division, and distributed through the syndication structure of 20th Television.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Norfolk, Virginia.
National Steel and Shipbuilding Company, commonly referred to as NASSCO, is an American shipbuilding company with three shipyards located in San Diego, Norfolk, and Mayport.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
Nauticus is a maritime-themed science center and museum located on the downtown waterfront in Norfolk, Virginia, also known as the National Maritime Center.
The Naval Medical Center Portsmouth (NMCP), formerly Naval Hospital Portsmouth, and originally Norfolk Naval Hospital, is a United States Navy medical center in Portsmouth, Virginia, United States.
A Naval Review is an event, where the whole (or a very large part) of the United States Navy is paraded to be reviewed by the President of the United States or the Secretary of the Navy.
Naval Station Norfolk, is a United States Navy base in Norfolk, Virginia.
Navy SEALS is a 1990 American military action film, directed by Lewis Teague, written by Chuck Pfarrer and Gary Goldman, and produced by Brenda Feigen and Bernard Williams with consultant William Bradley.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
The NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament is an annual college basketball tournament for women.
The Negro leagues were United States professional baseball leagues comprising teams predominantly made up of African Americans and, to a lesser extent, Latin Americans.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
Neoclassicism (from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Latin classicus, "of the highest rank") is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of classical antiquity.
The New Journal and Guide is a regional weekly newspaper based in Norfolk, Virginia, and serving the Hampton Roads area.
New Norfolk County is a long-extinct county which was located in colonial Virginia from 1636 until 1637.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
The New York Mets are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City borough of Queens.
Newport News is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport is an airport located in Newport News, Virginia, and serves the Hampton Roads metropolitan area along with Norfolk International Airport in Norfolk.
News is information about current events.
Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is an American firm that measures media audiences, including television, radio, theatre films (via the AMC Theatres MAP program) and newspapers.
Ningbo, formerly written Ningpo, is a sub-provincial city in northeast Zhejiang province in China. It comprises the urban districts of Ningbo proper, three satellite cities, and a number of rural counties including islands in Hangzhou Bay and the East China Sea. Its port, spread across several locations, is among the busiest in the world and the municipality possesses a separate state-planning status. As of the 2010 census, the entire administrated area had a population of 7.6 million, with 3.5 million in the six urban districts of Ningbo proper. To the north, Hangzhou Bay separates Ningbo from Shanghai; to the east lies Zhoushan in the East China Sea; on the west and south, Ningbo borders Shaoxing and Taizhou respectively.
Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin (commonly referred to as Anglo-Americans)Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of Anglo in English: It is defined as a synonym for Anglo-American--Page 86 are European Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity, as defined by the United States Census Bureau.
Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England.
Norfolk Academy (NA) is an independent co-educational day school in Norfolk, Virginia.
The Norfolk Admirals are a professional ice hockey team in the ECHL which began play in the 2015–16 season.
Norfolk Assembly was a Ford manufacturing plant that opened on April 20, 1925 on the Elizabeth River, near downtown Norfolk, Virginia — closing in 2007.
The Norfolk Blues are a Mid-Atlantic Rugby Football Union Division I/Championship Division Club in Norfolk, Virginia.
The Norfolk Botanical Garden (155 acres) is a botanical garden with arboretum located at 6700 Azalea Garden Road, Norfolk, Virginia.
Founded in 1952, Norfolk Christian Schools (NCS) is a private, coeducational Christian day school serving Grades K3 through 12.
Norfolk City Hall, also known as the MacArthur Memorial, is a historic city hall located at Norfolk, Virginia.
The Norfolk Convention and Visitors Bureau (DBA VisitNorfolk) is the official tourism promotion agency for the city of Norfolk, Virginia and a travel and visitor resource for information on hotels, packages, attractions, events and things to do.
Norfolk County was a county of the South Hampton Roads in eastern Virginia in the United States that was created in 1691.
Norfolk International Airport is a public use airport located three nautical miles (6 km) northeast of the central business district of Norfolk, an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia.
The Norfolk Naval Shipyard, often called the Norfolk Navy Yard and abbreviated as NNSY, is a U.S. Navy facility in Portsmouth, Virginia, for building, remodeling, and repairing the Navy's ships. It is the oldest and largest industrial facility that belongs to the U.S. Navy as well as the most multifaceted. Located on the Elizabeth River, the yard is just a short distance upriver from its mouth at Hampton Roads. It was established as Gosport Shipyard in 1767. Destroyed during the American Revolutionary War, it was rebuilt and became home to the first operational drydock in the United States in the 1820s. Changing hands during the American Civil War, it served the Confederate States Navy until it was again destroyed in 1862, when it was given its current name. The shipyard was again rebuilt, and has continued operation through the present day.
The Norfolk Police Department (NPD) is the primary law enforcement agency servicing 242,803 people within of jurisdiction within Norfolk, Virginia.
Norfolk Scope is a multi-function complex in Norfolk, Virginia, comprising an 11,000-person arena, a 2,500-person theater known as Chrysler Hall, a 10,000 square foot-exhibition hall and a 600-car parking garage.
The Norfolk Southern Railway is a Class I railroad in the United States.
Norfolk State University (NSU) is a public four-year, coed, liberal arts, historically black university located in Norfolk, Virginia.
Norfolk station is a train station in Norfolk, Virginia.
The Norfolk Tars were a minor league baseball team that existed on and off from 1906 to 1955.
The Norfolk Tides are a minor league baseball team in the Triple-A International League.
Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Northeast Corridor (NEC) is an electrified railroad line in the Northeast megalopolis of the United States.
The Northeast Regional is a regional rail service operated by Amtrak in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic United States.
Dominick J. Lamb (born February 21, 1977), better known by his stage name Nottz (or Nottz Raw), is an American hip hop record producer and rapper from Norfolk, Virginia.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
Ocean View is a coastal region in the independent city of Norfolk, Virginia in the United States.
Ocean View Amusement Park was located at the end of Granby Street at Ocean View Avenue in Norfolk, Virginia.
An ogive is the roundly tapered end of a two-dimensional or three-dimensional object.
The Old Dominion Monarchs and Lady Monarchs are composed of 18 teams representing Old Dominion University in intercollegiate athletics, including men's and women's basketball, golf, soccer, sailing, swimming & diving, and tennis.
Old Dominion University, also known as ODU, is a public, co-educational research university located in Norfolk, Virginia, United States, with two satellite campuses in the Hampton Roads area.
Old Dominion University Fieldhouse was a 5,200 seat multi-purpose arena in Norfolk, Virginia.
Operation Smile is a nonprofit medical service organization founded in 1982 by Dr.
In historical legal systems, an outlaw is declared as outside the protection of the law.
Pacific Islands Americans, also known as Oceanian Americans, Pacific Islander Americans, or Native Hawaiian and/or other Pacific Islander Americans, are Americans who have ethnic ancestry among the indigenous peoples of Oceania (viz. Polynesians, Melanesians and Micronesians).
Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from and inspired by the designs of the Venetian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580).
Paratransit is recognized in North America as special transportation services for people with disabilities, often provided as a supplement to fixed-route bus and rail systems by public transit agencies.
Patrick Joseph Wilson (born July 3, 1973) is an American actor and singer.
Paul David Fraim (born October 26, 1949) is an American politician and lawyer.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA; stylized PeTA) is an American animal rights organization based in Norfolk, Virginia, and led by Ingrid Newkirk, its international president.
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year.
Pernell Whitaker (born January 2, 1964) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1984 to 2001, and has since worked as a boxing trainer.
Petersburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
The Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States.
Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
Poquoson is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Port Folio Weekly was a publication - first print, then online - serving the Hampton Roads area of Virginia.
A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls.
Portsmouth is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The poverty threshold, poverty limit or poverty line is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country.
The Powhatan People (sometimes Powhatans) (also spelled Powatan) are an Indigenous group traditionally from Virginia.
County of Princess Anne is a county which was created in the British Colony of Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States in 1691.
Private schools, also known to many as independent schools, non-governmental, privately funded, or non-state schools, are not administered by local, state or national governments.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
The Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing is one of the fourteen American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Journalism.
Quoins are masonry blocks at the corner of a wall.
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin (the only categories for ethnicity).
Racer X is an American heavy metal band formed in 1984 in Los Angeles, California.
Racial integration, or simply integration, includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation).
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
In the United States, railroads are designated as Class I, II, or III, according to size criteria first established by the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) in 1911, and now governed by the Surface Transportation Board.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Rhea Seehorn (born May 12, 1972) is an American actress known for playing Kim Wexler in Better Call Saul.
Richard Gault Leslie Paige (May 31, 1846 – September 21, 1904) was an American Republican politician who served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates, representing Norfolk County from 1871 to 1875 and from 1879 to 1883.
Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
A right-of-way (ROW) is a right to make a way over a piece of land, usually to and from another piece of land.
Roanoke is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia.
Robert Estes (born July 22, 1963) is an American actor.
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, recognizes and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll.
Rollercoaster is a 1977 American disaster-suspense film starring George Segal, Richard Widmark, Henry Fonda and Timothy Bottoms, and directed by James Goldstone.
Ryan Farish is an American artist, composer, songwriter, producer, and multi-instrumentist.
Saint Patrick's Day, or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Lá Fhéile Pádraig, "the Day of the Festival of Patrick"), is a cultural and religious celebration held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (AD 385–461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland.
Saint Paul's Episcopal Church (also known as Borough Church) is a historic church in Norfolk, Virginia, United States.
Samuel Allen Face, Jr. (August 2, 1923 – May 2, 2001) was an American inventor and co-developer of some of the most important advances in concrete floor technology and wireless controls.
Samuel Ross Mason also, spelled Meason (November 8, 1739–1803) was a Virginia militia captain, on the American western frontier, during the American Revolutionary War.
Scott William Taylor (born June 27, 1979) is a former American Navy SEAL and the United States Representative for Virginia's 2nd congressional district.
Mark Scott Travis (born September 6, 1961) is an American rock musician, best known as the drummer for the English heavy metal band Judas Priest, the Irish rock band Thin Lizzy, and the American heavy metal band Racer X.
The Seattle Seahawks are a professional American football franchise based in Seattle, Washington.
Sentara Healthcare is a not-for-profit healthcare organization serving Virginia and northeastern North Carolina.
Sentara Norfolk General Hospital (SNGH) is a large academic hospital, which serves as the primary teaching institution for the adjacent Eastern Virginia Medical School.
Sewells Point is a peninsula of land in the independent city of Norfolk, Virginia in the United States, located at the mouth of the salt-water port of Hampton Roads.
The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated.
The eight Shires of Virginia were formed in 1634 in the Virginia Colony.
The Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also called Amur tiger, is a tiger population inhabiting mainly the Sikhote Alin mountain region in southwest Primorye Province in the Russian Far East.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
A skyline is the horizon created by a city's overall structure, or by human intervention in a non-urban setting or in nature.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Smithfield Foods, Inc., is a meat-processing company and wholly owned subsidiary of WH Group of China.
Smithfield is a town in Isle of Wight County, in the South Hampton Roads subregion of the Hampton Roads region of Virginia in the United States.
South Hampton Roads is a region located in the extreme southeastern portion of Virginia in the United States with a total population of 1,191,937.
Southampton County is a county located on the southern border of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor (SEHSR) is a passenger rail transportation project in the Southern United States to extend high-speed passenger rail services from Washington, D.C. south through Richmond, Petersburg with a spur to Norfolk (the Hampton Roads region) in Virginia through Raleigh, Durham, Greensboro and south to Charlotte in North Carolina and connect with the existing high-speed rail corridor from D.C. to Boston, Massachusetts known as the Northeast Corridor.
The Southern Branch Elizabeth River is a,U.S. Geological Survey.
Southern Company Gas, formerly AGL Resources, is an American Fortune 500 energy services holding company headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
A state government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government.
State of the art (sometimes cutting edge) refers to the highest level of general development, as of a device, technique, or scientific field achieved at a particular time.
Stephen Nelson Feuerstein (born; May 8, 1954 – June 16, 2017), better known as Stephen Furst, was an American actor and film and television director.
Stephen Kevin Bannon (born November 27, 1953) is an American media executive, political figure, former investment banker, and the former executive chairman of Breitbart News.
Steven Newsome (born 1952) is an American arts and museum administrator.
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.
Suffolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Supreme Court of Virginia is the highest court in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Talk radio is a radio format containing discussion about topical issues and consisting entirely or almost entirely of original spoken word content rather than outside music.
The Ted Constant Convocation Center is a, multi-purpose arena in Norfolk, Virginia, United States, on the campus of Old Dominion University.
Tema is a city on the Bight of Benin and Atlantic coast of Ghana.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
In architecture and city planning, a terraced or terrace house (UK) or townhouse (US) exhibits a style of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, where a row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls.
Terracotta, terra cotta or terra-cotta (Italian: "baked earth", from the Latin terra cocta), a type of earthenware, is a clay-based unglazed or glazed ceramic, where the fired body is porous.
Thatching is the craft of building a roof with dry vegetation such as straw, water reed, sedge (Cladium mariscus), rushes, heather, or palm fronds, layering the vegetation so as to shed water away from the inner roof.
The CW Television Network (commonly referred to as just The CW) is an American English-language broadcast television network that is operated by the CW Network, LLC, a limited liability joint venture between CBS Corporation, the former owners of United Paramount Network (UPN), and Warner Bros. Entertainment, former majority owner of The WB.
The Flash is a 1990 American television series developed by the writing team of Danny Bilson and Paul De Meo that aired on CBS.
The Flash is an American superhero television series developed by Greg Berlanti, Andrew Kreisberg, and Geoff Johns, airing on The CW.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The NorVa is a performing theatre located in Norfolk, Virginia.
The Rouse Company, founded by Hunter Moss and James W. Rouse in 1939, was a publicly held shopping mall and community developer from 1956 until 2004, when General Growth Properties Inc.
The Virginian-Pilot is a daily newspaper based in Norfolk, Virginia.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Thin Lizzy are a hard rock band formed in Dublin, Ireland in 1969.
Third party is a term used in the United States for American political parties other than the Republican and Democratic parties.
Thomas Jefferson Randolph (September 12, 1792 – October 8, 1875) of Albemarle County was a planter and politician who served in the Virginia House of Delegates, was rector of the University of Virginia, and was a colonel in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.
Thomas Wilkins (born c.1956) is an orchestra conductor.
The Tide is a light rail line in Norfolk, Virginia, connecting Eastern Virginia Medical School, Downtown Norfolk, Norfolk State University, and Newtown Road.
Tidewater Community College, also known as "TCC," is a two-year higher education institution in South Hampton Roads with campuses in Chesapeake, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Suffolk and Virginia Beach.
A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, metal, or even glass, generally used for covering roofs, floors, walls, showers, or other objects such as tabletops.
Timothy Lee "Tim" Reid (born December 19, 1944) is an American actor and film director best known for his roles in prime time American television programs, such as Venus Flytrap on WKRP in Cincinnati (1978–82), Marcel "Downtown" Brown on Simon & Simon (1983–87), Ray Campbell on Sister, Sister (1994–99) and William Barnett on That '70s Show (2004–06).
Timothy Zachary Mosley (born March 10, 1972), better known by his stage name Timbaland, is an American record producer, rapper, singer, songwriter and DJ.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
The Tobacco Inspection Act of 1730 (popularly known as the Tobacco Inspection Act) was a 1730 English law designed to improve the quality of tobacco exported from Colonial Virginia.
The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario.
Toulon (Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm)) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base.
. Town Point Park is a waterfront city park on the Elizabeth River in Norfolk, Virginia, USA.
Tudor Revival architecture (commonly called mock Tudor in the UK) first manifested itself in domestic architecture beginning in the United Kingdom in the mid to late 19th century based on a revival of aspects of Tudor architecture or, more often, the style of English vernacular architecture of the Middle Ages that survived into the Tudor period.
A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end.
U.S. Route 13 (US 13) is a north–south U.S. highway established in 1926 that runs for from Interstate 95 just north of Fayetteville, North Carolina to U.S. Route 1 in Falls Township, Pennsylvania, a northeastern suburb of Philadelphia.
U.S. Route 460 in Virginia runs west-east through the southern part of the Commonwealth.
U.S. Route 58 (US 58) is an east–west U.S. Highway that runs for from U.S. Route 25E just northwest of Harrogate, Tennessee, to U.S. Route 60 in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
U.S. Route 60 in Virginia runs west to east through the central part of the state, generally close to and paralleling the Interstate 64 corridor, except for the crossing of the Blue Ridge Mountains, and in the South Hampton Roads area.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (in case citations, E.D. Va.) is one of two United States district courts serving the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The United States Fleet Forces Command (USFF) is a service component command of the United States Navy that provides naval forces to a wide variety of U.S. forces.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The 1912 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 5, 1912.
The 1916 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 7, 1916.
The 1920 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 2, 1920.
The 1924 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 4, 1924.
The 1928 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 6, 1928.
The 1932 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 8, 1932.
The 1936 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 3, 1936.
The 1940 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 5, 1940.
The 1944 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 7, 1944, throughout the 48 contiguous states.
The 1948 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 2, 1948, throughout the 48 contiguous states.
The 1952 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 4, 1952.
The 1956 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 6, 1956.
The 1960 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 8, 1960.
The 1964 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 3, 1964.
The 1968 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 5, 1968.
The 1972 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 7, 1972.
The 1976 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 2, 1976.
The 1980 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 4, 1980.
The 1988 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 8, 1988.
The 1992 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 3, 1992, as part of the 1992 United States presidential election.
The 1996 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 5, 1996, as part of the 1996 United States presidential election.
The 2000 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 7, 2000, and was part of the 2000 United States presidential election.
The 2004 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 2, 2004, and was part of the 2004 United States presidential election.
The 2008 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 4, 2008, which was part of the 2008 United States presidential election.
The 2012 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated.
The 2016 United States presidential election in Virginia was held on November 8, 2016, as part of the 2016 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated.
The University of North Carolina is a multi-campus public university system composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students.
Upper Norfolk County is an extinct county which was located in colonial Virginia from 1637 until 1646.
Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom, urban renewal or urban redevelopment in the United States) is a program of land redevelopment in cities, often where there is urban decay.
USS Monitor was an iron-hulled steamship.
USS Wisconsin (BB-64) is an, the second ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
A veranda or verandah (from Bengali baranda) is a roofed, open-air gallery or porch.
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is the component of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) led by the Under Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Health that implements the healthcare program of the VA through the administration and operation of numerous VA Medical Centers (VAMC), Outpatient Clinics (OPC), Community Based Outpatient Clinics (CBOC), and VA Community Living Centers (VA Nursing Home) Programs.
Vincent Johns Thomas (September 20, 1922 – November 7, 2015) was an American businessman and politician who served as the Mayor of Norfolk, Virginia, from 1976 to 1984.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Virginia Beach Boulevard is a major connector highway which carries U.S. Route 58 most of its length and extends from the downtown area of Norfolk to the Oceanfront area of Virginia Beach, passing through the newly developed New Urbanist Town Center development of the latter as it links the two independent cities in the South Hampton Roads subregion of the Hampton Roads region in southeastern Virginia.
Virginia Beach is an independent city located on the southeastern coast of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
The Virginia Foundation for the Humanities (VFH) aims to develop the civic, cultural, and intellectual life of the Commonwealth of Virginia by creating learning opportunities for all Virginians.
The Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World, established on July 30, 1619.
The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) is one of the largest marine research and education centers in the United States.
Virginia Opera is an opera company based in the Commonwealth of Virginia which was first organized in 1974 by a group of Norfolk, Virginia community volunteers.
The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, USA, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Bay.
The Virginia Port Authority (VPA) is an autonomous agency (political subdivision) of the Commonwealth of Virginia that owns The Port of Virginia, a group of facilities with their activity centered on the harbor of Hampton Roads, Virginia.
The Virginia Squires was a basketball team based in Norfolk, Virginia, and playing in several other Virginia cities.
State Route 168 is a primary state highway in the South Hampton Roads region of the U.S. state of Virginia.
State Route 337 (SR 337) is a primary state highway in the South Hampton Roads area of the U.S. state of Virginia.
State Route 403 (SR 403) is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia.
The Virginia Symphony Orchestra (VSO) is an American orchestra administratively based in Norfolk.
Virginia Wesleyan University is a comprehensive university of the liberal arts and sciences located in Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States.
The Virginia Zoological Park is a zoo located adjacent to Lafayette Park in Norfolk, Virginia, United States.
The Virginian Railway was a Class I railroad located in Virginia and West Virginia in the United States.
The Walter E. Hoffman United States Courthouse, formerly known as the U.S. Post Office and Courthouse, is a courthouse of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia in Norfolk, Virginia.
A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.
The Waterside, is a festival marketplace on the Elizabeth River in downtown Norfolk, Virginia, opened June 1, 1983.
WAVY-TV, virtual channel 10 (UHF digital channel 31), is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, serving the Hampton Roads area of southeastern Virginia (comprising the cities of Portsmouth, Norfolk, Newport News, Virginia Beach, Hampton and environs), and the Outer Banks region of northeastern North Carolina.
The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet.
Carson Wayne Newton (born April 3, 1942) is an American singer and entertainer.
The Wells Theatre is a performing arts venue located in downtown Norfolk, Virginia.
The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
The Western Branch Elizabeth River is a U.S. Geological Survey.
WGBS-LD is a low-power television station in Hampton, Virginia, broadcasting locally on channel 11 and serving the Greater Hampton Roads area.
WGNT, virtual channel 27 (UHF digital channel 50), is a CW-affiliated television station licensed to Portsmouth, Virginia, United States, serving the Hampton Roads area of southeastern Virginia (comprising the cities of Portsmouth, Norfolk, Newport News, Hampton, Virginia Beach and environs), and the Outer Banks region of northeastern North Carolina.
White is the lightest color and is achromatic (having no hue), because it fully reflects and scatters all the visible wavelengths of light.
White flight is a term that originated in the United States, starting in the 1950s and 1960s, and applied to the large-scale migration of people of various European ancestries from racially mixed urban regions to more racially homogeneous suburban or exurban regions.
The white rhinoceros or square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is the largest extant species of rhinoceros.
WHRO-TV, channel 15, is the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member Public television station for Hampton Roads, Virginia (the Norfolk–Portsmouth–Newport News television market DMA).
Wilhelmshaven (meaning William's Harbour) is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
William Woodford (October 6, 1734 – November 13, 1780) was an American Revolutionary War general from Virginia.
Williamsburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Willoughby Spit is a peninsula of land in the independent city of Norfolk, Virginia in the United States.
The Winter 1985 cold wave was a meteorological event, the result of the shifting of the polar vortex further south than is normally seen.
Wisconsin Square is a small park on Norfolk, Virginia's Elizabeth River waterfront, opposite the berth of the berth of the, a museum ship.
WKRP in Cincinnati is an American sitcom that featured the misadventures of the staff of a struggling fictional radio station in Cincinnati, Ohio.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
WPXV-TV, virtual channel 49 (UHF digital channel 46), is an Ion Television owned-and-operated television station licensed to Norfolk, Virginia, United States, serving the Hampton Roads area of southeastern Virginia (comprising the cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth, Newport News, Hampton, Virginia Beach and environs), and the Outer Banks region of northeastern North Carolina.
WSKY-TV, virtual channel 4 (VHF digital channel 9), is an independent television station licensed to Manteo, North Carolina, United States, serving the Hampton Roads area of southeastern Virginia (comprising the cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth, Virginia Beach, Hampton, Newport News and environs), and the Outer Banks region of northeastern North Carolina.
WTKR, virtual channel 3 (UHF digital channel 40), is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Norfolk, Virginia, United States, serving the Hampton Roads area of southeastern Virginia (comprising the cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth, Newport News, Hampton, Virginia Beach and environs), and the Outer Banks region of northeastern North Carolina.
WTVZ-TV, virtual and UHF digital channel 33, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Norfolk, Virginia, United States, serving the Hampton Roads area of southeastern Virginia (comprising the cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth, Newport News, Hampton, Virginia Beach and environs), and the Outer Banks region of northeastern North Carolina.
WVBT, virtual channel 43 (UHF digital channel 29), is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States, serving the Hampton Roads area of southeastern Virginia (comprising the cities of Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Newport News, Hampton and environs), and the Outer Banks region of northeastern North Carolina.
WVEC, virtual and VHF digital channel 13, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Hampton, Virginia, United States, serving the Hampton Roads area of southeastern Virginia (comprising the cities of Hampton, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Virginia Beach, Newport News and environs), and the Outer Banks region of northeastern North Carolina.
Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration.
York County (formerly Charles River County) is a county in the eastern part of the Commonwealth of Virginia, located in the Tidewater.
Zim Integrated Shipping Services Ltd. (צים), formerly ZIM Israel Navigation Company Ltd. and Zim American Israeli Shipping Inc., is the biggest cargo shipping company in Israel, and one of the top-20 global carriers.
Zinn Bertram Beck (September 30, 1885 – March 19, 1981), born in Steubenville, Ohio was a Major League Baseball third baseman, shortstop and first baseman who went on to become a minor league manager and baseball scout.
ZIP Codes are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS) since 1963.
A zoo (short for zoological garden or zoological park and also called an animal park or menagerie) is a facility in which all animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed.
The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
City of Norfolk, Virginia, Ledger-Dispatch, List of mayors of Norfolk, Virginia, Norfolk (VA), Norfolk (Virginia), Norfolk VA, Norfolk city, Virginia, Norfolk, VA, Norfolk, Va, Norfolk, Va., Norfolk, Virginia, USA, Norfolk, va, UN/LOCODE:USORF.