238 relations: ADEN cannon, Aerodrome, AIM-9 Sidewinder, Air Force Cross (United States), Air National Guard, Air supremacy, Air-to-air missile, Allison Engine Company, Allison J35, Antonio Bautista, Apollo 1, Apollo 11, Apollo program, Argentine Air Force, Attack aircraft, Belgian Air Component, Bissau, Black Eagles aerobatic team, Blue Diamonds (aerobatic team), Blue Impulse, Bob Hoover, Bolivia, Bolivian Air Force, Bud Mahurin, Buzz Aldrin, CAC Sabre, Canadair, Canadair Sabre, Cesar Basa Air Base, Chevrolet, Chino, California, Cold War, Colombia, Colombian Air Force, Combat air patrol, Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation, Communist Party of China, Cuban Missile Crisis, Dassault Mirage III, Dassault Mystère, De Havilland Vampire, Distinguished Conduct Star, Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), Dogfight, Drop tank, East Pakistan, Edwards Air Force Base, Escort fighter, Ethiopian Air Force, Falklands War, ..., Federal Aviation Administration, Fighter aircraft, Fighter-bomber, Flight airspeed record, Flight International, Flying ace, Flying officer, FMA IAe 33 Pulqui II, Folland Gnat, Fratricide, Frederick C. Blesse, Gabby Gabreski, Gene Kranz, General Electric J47, General Electric J73, General Motors, George Andrew Davis Jr., George Welch (pilot), German Air Force, Gimpo International Airport, Grumman F-9 Cougar, Guinea-Bissau War of Independence, Gun harmonisation, Gus Grissom, Gyro gunsight, Hardpoint, Harrison Thyng, Hawker Hunter, Hawker Typhoon, History of the Iranian Air Force, Honduran Air Force, Howard Thomas Markey, Indian Air Force, Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Indonesian National Armed Forces, Infrared homing, Interceptor aircraft, Iraqi Air Force, Iven Carl Kincheloe Jr., Jacqueline Cochran, James H. Kasler, James Jabara, James Robinson Risner, James Salter, Japan Air Self-Defense Force, Japan Self-Defense Forces, Jet aircraft, John Boyd (military strategist), John C. Meyer, John Glenn, John M. Conroy, John Robert Baldwin, Joseph C. McConnell, Kinmen, Korea, Korean War, Lavochkin La-15, List of fighter aircraft, List of military aircraft of the United States, List of most-produced aircraft, Lists of air show accidents and incidents, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star, Lockheed U-2, M2 Browning, M39 cannon, Magnesium, Manchuria, Manuel J. Fernandez, Martin B-57 Canberra, Matsu Islands, Medal bar, Medal of Honor, Messerschmitt Me 262, MiG Alley, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19, Mitsubishi, Monte Real, Monte Real Air Base, Muhammad Mahmood Alam, Napalm, NASA, NATO, Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, Nellis Air Force Base, North American Aviation, North American F-100 Super Sabre, North American F-86D Sabre, North American FJ-1 Fury, North American FJ-2/-3 Fury, North American FJ-4 Fury, North American P-51 Mustang, North American X-15, North American YF-93, Northrop F-5, Nuclear weapon, OKB, Operation Paperclip, Orenda Engines, PAF Museum, Karachi, Pakistan Air Force, Pakistanis, Peruvian Air Force, Philippine Air Force, Planes of Fame Air Museum, Portuguese Air Force, Portuguese Guinea, Pound (force), Project Gemini, Project Mercury, Radar, Ralph Gibson (fighter pilot), RAND Corporation, Republic F-105 Thunderchief, Republic F-84 Thunderjet, Republic F-84F Thunderstreak, Republic of China Air Force, Republic of Korea Air Force, Research and development, Ridgecrest, California, Rocket (weapon), Rolls-Royce Avon, Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Danish Air Force, Royal Malaysian Air Force, Royal N. Baker, Royal Norwegian Air Force, Royal Saudi Air Force, Royal Thai Air Force, Rudolf Anderson, Rules of engagement, Saab 29 Tunnan, Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, Semi-Automatic Ground Environment, Shenyang J-6, Sitara-e-Jurat, SNEB, South African Air Force, Soviet Air Forces, Spanish Air Force, Squadron leader, Strafing, Strategic Air Command, Sukhoi Su-7, Swept wing, Tactical Air Command, Tailplane, Taiwan, Talara, The Hunters (novel), Toss bombing, Tracer ammunition, Transonic, Tunisian Air Force, Turbojet, Turkish Air Force, United Nations Operation in the Congo, United States Air Force, United States Army Air Forces, United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, United States Senate, Venezuelan Air Force, Vermont Garrison, Vietnam War, VMFA-323, Vought F-8 Crusader, Vought F4U Corsair, Waleed Ehsanul Karim, World War II, Yugoslav Air Force, .50 BMG, 18th Wing, 1972 Sacramento Canadair Sabre accident, 1st Fighter Wing, 2 Squadron SAAF, 201 Squadron (Portugal), 4028th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron, 4th Fighter Wing, 51st Fighter Wing, 8th Fighter Wing, 94th Fighter Squadron. Expand index (188 more) » « Shrink index
The Royal Small Arms Factory ADEN is a 30 mm revolver cannon used on many military aircraft, particularly those of the British Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm.
An aerodrome (Commonwealth English) or airdrome (American English) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo, passengers, or neither.
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy at China Lake, California, in the 1950s, and subsequently adopted by the United States Air Force.
The Air Force Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Air Force.
The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
Python family of AAM for comparisons, Python-5 (displayed lower-front) and Shafrir-1 (upper-back) An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.
The Allison Engine Company was an American aircraft engine manufacturer.
The General Electric/Allison J35 was originally developed by General Electric (GE company designation TG-180) in parallel with the Whittle-based centrifugal-flow J33, and was the United States Air Force's first axial-flow (straight-through airflow) compressor engine.
Antonio M. Bautista (September 17, 1937– January 11, 1974) was an F-86 Sabre pilot who served in the Philippine Air Force.
Apollo 1, initially designated AS-204, was the first manned mission of the United States Apollo program, the program to land the first men on the Moon.
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
The Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina, or simply FAA) is the national aviation branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic.
An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.
The Belgian Air Component (Luchtcomponent, Composante air) is the air arm of the Belgian Armed Forces, and until January 2002 it was officially known as the Belgian Air Force (Belgische Luchtmacht; Force aérienne belge).
Bissau is the capital city of the African Republic of Guinea-Bissau.
The 53rd Air Demonstration Group, nicknamed Black Eagles, is the flight display team of the Republic of Korea Air Force based at Wonju AB, Gangwon Province.
The PAF Blue Diamonds is the national aerobatic team of the Philippine Air Force (PAF).
, (currently 11 Squadron 4th Air Wing, previously 21 Squadron 4th Air Wing), is the aerobatic demonstration team of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).
Robert Anderson "Bob" Hoover (January 24, 1922 – October 25, 2016) was a United States Army Air Forces fighter pilot, USAF and civilian test pilot, flight instructor, air show pilot, and aviation record-setter.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
The Bolivian Air Force ('Fuerza Aérea Boliviana' or 'FAB') is part of the Military of Bolivia.
Colonel Walker Melville "Bud" Mahurin (December 5, 1918 – May 11, 2010) was a United States Air Force officer and aviator.
Buzz Aldrin (born Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr.; January 20, 1930) is an American engineer, former astronaut, and Command Pilot in the United States Air Force.
The CAC Sabre, sometimes known as the Avon Sabre or CA-27, is an Australian variant of the North American Aviation F-86F Sabre fighter aircraft.
The Canadair Sabre was a jet fighter aircraft built by Canadair under licence from North American Aviation.
Cesar Basa Air Base, or simply Basa Air Base (formerly known as Floridablanca Airfield), is an airbase currently operated by the Philippine Air Force.
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
Chino is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
The Colombian Air Force or FAC (Fuerza Aérea Colombiana) is the Air Force of the Republic of Colombia.
Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft.
The Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC) was an Australian aircraft manufacturer.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962 (Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba.
The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault MD.452 Mystère is a 1950s French fighter-bomber.
The de Havilland Vampire is a British jet fighter developed and manufactured by the de Havilland Aircraft Company.
The Distinguished Conduct Star is the second highest military award of the Philippines, preceded in precedence only by the Medal of Valor.
The Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, instituted for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy".
A dogfight, or dog fight, is an aerial battle between fighter aircraft, conducted at close range.
In aviation, a drop tank (external tank, wing tank, or belly tank) is used to describe auxiliary fuel tanks externally carried by aircraft.
East Pakistan was the eastern provincial wing of Pakistan between 1955 and 1971, covering the territory of the modern country Bangladesh.
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.
The escort fighter was a World War II concept for a fighter aircraft designed to escort bombers to and from their targets.
The Ethiopian Air Force (ETAF) (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ አየር ሃይል, Ye Ithopya Ayer Hayl) is the air arm of the Ethiopian National Defense Forces and is tasked with protecting the national air space, providing support to ground forces, as well as assisting civil operations during national emergencies.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.
An air speed record is the highest airspeed attained by an aircraft of a particular class.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
Flying officer (Fg Off in the RAF and IAF; FLGOFF in the RAAF; FGOFF in the RNZAF; formerly F/O in all services and still frequently in the RAF) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence.
The FMA IAe 33 Pulqui II (in the indigenous language Mapuche, Pulqúi: Arrow)Crowder-Taraborrelli, Tomas F. CineAction, 22 June 2009.
The Folland Gnat is a British compact swept-wing subsonic fighter aircraft that was developed and produced by Folland Aircraft.
Fratricide (from the Latin words frater "brother" and cida "killer," or cidum "a killing," both from caedere "to kill, to cut down") is the act of killing one's brother.
Frederick Corbin "Boots" Blesse (August 22, 1921 – October 31, 2012) was a United States Air Force major general and flying ace.
Francis Stanley "Gabby" Gabreski (born Franciszek Stanisław Gabryszewski; January 28, 1919 – January 31, 2002) was a Polish-American career pilot in the United States Air Force, retiring as a colonel with 26 years of military service.
Eugene Francis "Gene" Kranz (born August 17, 1933) is an American aerospace engineer, retired fighter pilot and a retired NASA Flight Director and manager.
The General Electric J47 turbojet (GE company designation TG-190) was developed by General Electric from its earlier J35.
The General Electric J73 turbojet was developed by General Electric from the earlier J47 engine.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
George Andrew Davis Jr. (December 1, 1920 – February 10, 1952) was a highly decorated fighter pilot and flying ace of the United States Army Air Forces in World War II, and later of the United States Air Force during the Korean War.
George Welch (May 10, 1918 – October 12, 1954) was a World War II flying ace, a Medal of Honor nominee, and an experimental aircraft pilot after the war.
The German Air Force (German: Luftwaffe, the German-language generic term for air force) is the aerial warfare branch of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany.
Gimpo International Airport (김포국제공항), commonly known as Gimpo Airport (formerly Kimpo International Airport), is located in the far western end of Seoul, some west of the Central District of Seoul.
The Grumman F9F/F-9 Cougar is an aircraft carrier-based fighter aircraft for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps.
The Guinea-Bissau War of Independence was an armed independence conflict that took place in Portuguese Guinea between 1963 and 1974.
In aerial gunnery, gun harmonisation, convergence pattern, convergence zone, convergence point or boresight point refers to the aiming of fixed guns or cannon carried in the wings of a fighter aircraft.
Lieutenant Colonel Virgil Ivan "Gus" Grissom (April 3, 1926 – January 27, 1967) was one of the original NASA Project Mercury astronauts, a United States Air Force test pilot, and a mechanical engineer.
A gyro gunsight (G.G.S.) is a modification of the non-magnifying reflector sight in which target lead (the amount of aim-off in front of a moving target) and bullet drop are calculated automatically.
A hardpoint (more formally known as a station or weapon station) is a location on an airframe designed to carry an external or internal load.
Brigadier General Harrison Reed Thyng (April 12, 1918 – September 24, 1983) was a fighter pilot and a general in the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet-powered fighter aircraft that was developed by Hawker Aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the late 1940s and early 1950s.
The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.
The history of the Iranian Air Force can be divided into two phases—before the Islamic Revolution, and after it.
The Honduras Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Hondureña, sometimes abbreviated to FAH in English) is the air force of Honduras.
Howard Thomas Markey (November 10, 1920 – May 3, 2006) was an American jurist who served as the first chief judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
The Indian Air Force (IAF; IAST: Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Pakistan and India. The conflict began following Pakistan's Operation Gibraltar, which was designed to infiltrate forces into Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against Indian rule. India retaliated by launching a full-scale military attack on West Pakistan. The seventeen-day war caused thousands of casualties on both sides and witnessed the largest engagement of armored vehicles and the largest tank battle since World War II. Hostilities between the two countries ended after a United Nations-mandated ceasefire was declared following diplomatic intervention by the Soviet Union and the United States, and the subsequent issuance of the Tashkent Declaration. Much of the war was fought by the countries' land forces in Kashmir and along the border between India and Pakistan. This war saw the largest amassing of troops in Kashmir since the Partition of British India in 1947, a number that was overshadowed only during the 2001–2002 military standoff between India and Pakistan. Most of the battles were fought by opposing infantry and armoured units, with substantial backing from air forces, and naval operations. Many details of this war, like those of other Indo-Pakistani Wars, remain unclear. India had the upper hand over Pakistan when the ceasefire was declared. "Satisfied that it had secured a strategic and psychological victory over Pakistan by frustrating its attempt to seize Kashmir by force, when the UN resolution was passed, India accepted its terms... with Pakistan's stocks of ammunition and other essential supplies all but exhausted, and with the military balance tipping steadily in India's favour." "Losses were relatively heavy—on the Pakistani side, twenty aircraft, 200 tanks, and 3,800 troops. Pakistan's army had been able to withstand Indian pressure, but a continuation of the fighting would only have led to further losses and ultimate defeat for Pakistan." Quote: The invading Indian forces outfought their Pakistani counterparts and halted their attack on the outskirts of Lahore, Pakistan's second-largest city. By the time the United Nations intervened on 22 September, Pakistan had suffered a clear defeat. Although the two countries fought to a standoff, the conflict is seen as a strategic and political defeat for Pakistan, "... the war itself was a disaster for Pakistan, from the first failed attempts by Pakistani troops to precipitate an insurgency in Kashmir to the appearance of Indian artillery within range of Lahore International Airport." – U.S. Department of State, – Interview with Steve Coll in United States House of Representatives 12 September 1994South Asia in World Politics By Devin T. Hagerty, 2005 Rowman & Littlefield,, p. 26 as it had neither succeeded in fomenting insurrection in Kashmir "... after some initial success, the momentum behind Pakistan's thrust into Kashmir slowed, and the state's inhabitants rejected exhortations from the Pakistani insurgents to join them in taking up arms against their Indian "oppressors." Pakistan's inability to muster support from the local Kashmiri population proved a disaster, both militarily and politically." nor had it been able to gain meaningful support at an international level. "Mao had decided that China would intervene under two conditions—that India attacked East Pakistan, and that Pakistan requested Chinese intervention. In the end, neither of them obtained." Internationally, the war was viewed in the context of the greater Cold War, and resulted in a significant geopolitical shift in the subcontinent. Before the war, the United States and the United Kingdom had been major material allies of both India and Pakistan, as their primary suppliers of military hardware and foreign developmental aid. During and after the conflict, both India and Pakistan felt betrayed by the perceived lack of support by the western powers for their respective positions; those feelings of betrayal were increased with the imposition of an American and British embargo on military aid to the opposing sides. As a consequence, India and Pakistan openly developed closer relationships with the Soviet Union and China, respectively. The perceived negative stance of the western powers during the conflict, and during the 1971 war, has continued to affect relations between the West and the subcontinent. In spite of improved relations with the U.S. and Britain since the end of the Cold War, the conflict generated a deep distrust of both countries within the subcontinent which to an extent lingers to this day."In retrospect, it is clear that the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 represented a watershed in the West's association with the subcontinent.""By extending the Cold War into South Asia, however, the United States did succeed in disturbing the subcontinent's established politico-military equilibrium, undermining British influence in the region, embittering relations between India and Pakistan and, ironically, facilitating the expansion of communist influence in the developing world." "The legacy of the Johnson arms cut-off remains alive today. Indians simply do not believe that America will be there when India needs military help... the legacy of the U.S. "betrayal" still haunts U.S.-Pakistan relations today.".
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to the fall of Dacca (Dhaka) on 16 December 1971.
The Indonesian National Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI; literally "Indonesian National Military") are the military forces of the Republic of Indonesia.
Infrared homing is a passive weapon guidance system which uses the infrared (IR) light emission from a target to track and follow it.
An interceptor aircraft, or simply interceptor, is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to attack enemy aircraft, particularly bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, as they approach.
The Iraqi Air Force (IQAF or IrAF; Arabic: القوات الجوية العراقية, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Iraqiya) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Iraqi Armed Forces, responsible for the policing of international borders and surveillance of national assets.
Iven Carl "Kinch" Kincheloe Jr. (July 2, 1928 – July 26, 1958) was an American fighter pilot, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, and a flying ace in the Korean War.
Jacqueline Cochran (May 11, 1906 – August 9, 1980) was a pioneer in the field of American aviation and one of the most prominent racing pilots of her generation.
Colonel James Helms Kasler (May 2, 1926 – April 24, 2014) was a senior officer in the United States Air Force and the only person to be awarded the Air Force Cross three times.
James "Jabby" Jabara (10 October 1923 – 17 November 1966) was the first American and United States Air Force jet ace in history.
James Robinson "Robbie" Risner (January 16, 1925 – October 22, 2013) was a general and a fighter pilot in the United States Air Force.
James Arnold Horowitz (June 10, 1925 – June 19, 2015), better known as James Salter, his pen name and later-adopted legal name, was an American novelist and short-story writer.
The (JASDF), sometimes referred to as the Japanese Air Force, is the air warfare branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, responsible for the defense of Japanese airspace and for other aerospace operations.
The (JSDF), occasionally referred to as the Japan Defense Forces (JDF), Self-Defense Forces (SDF), or Japanese Armed Forces, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established in 1954, and are controlled by the Ministry of Defense.
A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).
John Richard Boyd (January 23, 1927 – March 9, 1997) was a United States Air Force fighter pilot and Pentagon consultant of the late 20th century, whose theories have been highly influential in the military, sports, business, and litigation.
General John Charles Meyer (April 3, 1919 – December 2, 1975) was an American World War II flying ace, and later the commander-in-chief of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and director of the Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska.
Colonel John Herschel Glenn Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, and United States Senator from Ohio.
John Michael "Jack" Conroy (December 14, 1920 – December 5, 1979) was an American actor, aviator, and later businessman, whose company Aero Spacelines developed the Pregnant Guppy, Super Guppy, and Mini Guppy cargo aircraft.
Wing Commander John Robert Baldwin, (16 July 1918 – 15 March 1952) was a Royal Air Force fighter pilot and the top scoring fighter ace flying the Hawker Typhoon exclusively during the Second World War.
Joseph Christopher McConnell Jr. (30 January 1922 – 25 August 1954) was a United States Air Force fighter pilot who was the top American flying ace during the Korean War.
Kinmen or Quemoy (see also "Names" section below), officially Kinmen County, is a group of islands, governed by the Republic of China (ROC), which is located just off the southeastern coast of mainland China, including Great Kinmen, Lesser Kinmen, Wuqiu and several surrounding islets.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
The Lavochkin La-15 (Plant 21 product code Izdeliye 52, USAF reporting name Type 21, NATO reporting name Fantail), was an early Soviet jet fighter and a contemporary of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15.
This is a list of military aircraft that are primarily designed for air-to-air combat and thus does not include aircraft intended for other roles where they have some secondary air-to-air capability, such as with many ground attack aircraft.
This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types.
This is a list of the most-produced aircraft types whose numbers exceed or exceeded 5,000.
List of air show accidents and incidents include.
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.
The Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star was the first jet fighter used operationally by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF).
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is an American single-jet engine, ultra-high altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The M2 Machine Gun or Browning.50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed toward the end of World War I by John Browning.
The M39 cannon is a 20 mm caliber single-barreled revolver cannon developed for the United States Air Force in the late 1940s.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.
Manuel John "Pete" Fernandez, Jr. (19 April 1925 – 18 October 1980) was the third-leading American and United States Air Force ace in the Korean War.
The Martin B-57 Canberra is an American-built, twinjet tactical bomber and reconnaissance aircraft that entered service with the United States Air Force (USAF) in 1953.
The Matsu Islands (Fuzhou dialect: Mā-cū liĕk-dō̤ or less frequently,; Fuzhou dialect: 馬祖島 Mā-cū-dō̤) are a minor archipelago of 36 islands and islets in the East China Sea administered as Lienchiang County (連江縣;; Lièng-gŏng-gâing) under streamlined Fujian Province, Republic of China (ROC).
A medal bar or medal clasp is a thin metal bar attached to the ribbon of a military decoration, civil decoration, or other medal.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
"MiG Alley" was the name given by United Nations (UN) pilots to the northwestern portion of North Korea, where the Yalu River empties into the Yellow Sea during the Korean War.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-15; USAF/DoD designation: Type 14; NATO reporting name: Fagot) is a jet fighter aircraft developed by Mikoyan-Gurevich for the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-17; NATO reporting name: Fresco) is a high-subsonic fighter aircraft produced in the USSR from 1952 and operated by numerous air forces in many variants.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-19; NATO reporting name: Farmer) is a Soviet second generation, single-seat, twin jet-engined fighter aircraft.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
Monte Real is a town (vila in Portuguese) and a former civil parish in the municipality of Leiria, Portugal.
Monte Real Air Base, officially designated as Air Force Base No.
Muhammad Mahmood Alam SJ (محمد محمود عالم, মোহাম্মদ মাহমূদ আলম); 6 July 1935 – 18 March 2013) was a Pakistani fighter pilot who was credited by the Pakistanis with having downed nine Indian Air Force aircraft during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, including five Hawker Hunter aircraft on one sortie on 7 September 1965. He was a F-86 Sabre flying ace as per Pakistan records and one-star general in the Pakistan Air Force. He was awarded the Sitara-e-Jurat ("The star of courage"), the nation's third highest military award and Bar for his actions during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
Napalm is a mixture of a gelling agent and either gasoline (petrol) or a similar fuel.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Naval Air Weapons Station (NAWS) China Lake is a part of Navy Region Southwest under Commander, Navy Installations Command and is located in the Western Mojave Desert region of California, approximately north of Los Angeles.
Nellis Air Force Base ("Nellis" colloq.) is a United States Air Force installation in southern Nevada with military schools and more squadrons than any other USAF base.
North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.
The North American F-100 Super Sabre is an American supersonic jet fighter aircraft that served with the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1954 to 1971 and with the Air National Guard (ANG) until 1979.
The North American F-86D Sabre (sometimes called the "Sabre Dog" or "Dog Sabre") was a transonic jet all-weather interceptor of the United States Air Force and others.
The North American FJ-1 Fury is the first operational jet aircraft in United States Navy service, and was developed by North American Aviation as the NA-135.
The North American FJ-2 and FJ-3 Fury are a series of swept-wing carrier-capable fighters for the United States Navy and Marine Corps.
The North American FJ-4 Fury was a swept-wing carrier-capable fighter-bomber for the United States Navy and Marine Corps.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
The North American X-15 was a hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as part of the X-plane series of experimental aircraft.
The North American YF-93 was an American fighter development of the F-86 Sabre that emerged as a radically different variant that received its own designation.
The Northrop F-5A and F-5B Freedom Fighter and the F-5E and F-5F Tiger II are part of a supersonic light fighter family, initially designed in the late 1950s by Northrop Corporation.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
OKB is a transliteration of the Russian initials of "Опытное конструкторское бюро" – Opytnoye Konstruktorskoye Buro, meaning Experimental Design Bureau.
Operation Paperclip was a secret program of the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) largely carried out by Special Agents of Army CIC, in which more than 1,600 German scientists, engineers, and technicians, such as Wernher von Braun and his V-2 rocket team, were recruited in post-Nazi Germany and taken to the U.S. for government employment, primarily between 1945 and 1959.
Orenda Engines was a Canadian aircraft engine manufacturer and parts supplier.
PAF Museum, Karachi (پاک فضائیہ متحف) is an Air Force museum and park situated near Karsaz Flyover on Shahrah-e-Faisal in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (پاک فِضائیہ—, or alternatively پاکیستان هاوایی فوج, reporting name: PAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, tasked primarily with the aerial defence of Pakistan, with a secondary role of providing air support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy.
The Peruvian Air Force (Fuerza Aérea del Perú, FAP) is the branch of the Peruvian Armed Forces tasked with defending the nation and its interests through the use of air power.
The Philippine Air Force (PAF; Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas, Fuerza Aérea de Filipinas) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
Planes of Fame Air Museum is an aviation museum in Chino, California,, Planes of Fame Air Museum, Retrieved March 5, 2011.
The Portuguese Air Force (Força Aérea Portuguesa) is the aerial warfare force of Portugal.
Portuguese Guinea (Guiné), called the Overseas Province of Guinea from 1951, was a West African colony of Portugal from the late 15th century until 10 September 1974, when it gained independence as Guinea-Bissau.
The pound-force (symbol: lbf, sometimes lbf) is a unit of force used in some systems of measurement including English Engineering units and the British Gravitational System.
Project Gemini was NASA's second human spaceflight program.
Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, running from 1958 through 1963.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Ralph "Hoot" Duane Gibson (November 7, 1924 – January 2, 2009) was an American flying ace of the Korean War.
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
The Republic F-105 Thunderchief was a supersonic fighter-bomber used by the United States Air Force.
The Republic F-84 Thunderjet was an American turbojet fighter-bomber aircraft.
The Republic F-84F Thunderstreak was an American-built swept-wing turbojet fighter-bomber.
The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) is the aviation branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
The Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF; 대한민국 공군; Hanja: 大韓民國 空軍; Romanization: Daehanminguk Gong-gun), also known as the ROK Air Force, is the aerial warfare service branch of South Korea, operating under the South Korean Ministry of National Defense.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Ridgecrest is a city in Kern County, California, United States.
A rocket is a self-propelled, unguided weapon system powered by a rocket motor.
The Rolls-Royce Avon was the first axial flow jet engine designed and produced by Rolls-Royce.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF; Aviation royale canadienne, ARC) is the air force of Canada.
The Royal Danish Air Force (lit) (RDAF) is the aerial warfare force of Denmark and one of the four branches of the Danish Defence.
The Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF; Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia (TUDM); Jawi:تنترا اودارا مليسيا) was formed on 2 June 1958 as the Royal Federation of Malaya Air Force (Tentera Udara Diraja Persekutuan Tanah Melayu; تنترا اودارا دراج ڤرسكوتون تانه ملايو).
Lieutenant General Royal Newman "King" Baker (November 27, 1918 – May 1, 1976) was a United States Air Force flying ace during the Korean War.
The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) (Luftforsvaret) is the air force of Norway.
The Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF; القوات الجوية الملكية الـسعودية), is the aviation branch of the Saudi Arabian armed forces.
The Royal Thai Air Force or RTAF (กองทัพอากาศไทย) is the air force of the Kingdom of Thailand.
Rudolf Anderson Jr. (September 15, 1927 – October 27, 1962), was a pilot and commissioned officer in the United States Air Force and the first recipient of the Air Force Cross, the U.S. Air Force's second-highest award for heroism.
Rules of engagement (ROE) are the internal rules or directives among military forces (including individuals) that define the circumstances, conditions, degree, and manner in which the use of force, or actions which might be construed as provocative, may be applied.
The Saab 29, colloquially called Flygande tunnan ("The flying barrel"),.
The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, also called the 1958 Taiwan Strait Crisis, was a conflict that took place between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) in which the PRC shelled the islands of Kinmen and the nearby Matsu Islands along the east coast of the PRC (in the Taiwan Strait) to "liberate" Taiwan from the Chinese Nationalist Party, also called Kuomintang (KMT), and probe the extent of the United States defense of Taiwan's territory.
The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE, a name selected to mean "wise") was a system of large computers and associated networking equipment that coordinated data from many radar sites and processed it to produce a single unified image of the airspace over a wide area.
The Shenyang J-6 (Chinese: 歼-6; designated F-6 for export versions; NATO reporting name: "Farmer") is the Chinese-built version of the Soviet MiG-19 'Farmer' fighter aircraft.
Sitara-e-Jurat (Star of Courage) is the third highest military award of Pakistan.
The SNEB rocket (Societe Nouvelle des Etablissements Edgar Brandt) is an unguided air-to-ground rocket projectile (RP) manufactured by the French company TDA Armements, designed for launch by combat aircraft and helicopters.
The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the air force of South Africa, with headquarters in Pretoria.
The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.
The Spanish Air Force (SPAF) (Ejército del Aire; literally, "Army of the Air") is the aerial branch of the Spanish Armed Forces.
Squadron leader (Sqn Ldr in the RAF; SQNLDR in the RAAF and RNZAF; formerly sometimes S/L in all services) is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
Strategic Air Command (SAC) was both a Department of Defense Specified Command and a United States Air Force (USAF) Major Command (MAJCOM), responsible for Cold War command and control of two of the three components of the U.S. military's strategic nuclear strike forces, the so-called "nuclear triad," with SAC having control of land-based strategic bomber aircraft and intercontinental ballistic missiles or ICBMs (the third leg of the triad being submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM) of the U.S. Navy).
The Sukhoi Su-7 (NATO designation name: Fitter-A) was a swept wing, supersonic fighter aircraft developed by the Soviet Union in 1955.
A swept wing is a wing that angles either backward or occasionally forward from its root rather than in a straight sideways direction.
Tactical Air Command (TAC) is an inactive United States Air Force organization.
A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Talara is a city in the Talara Province of the Piura Region, in northwestern Peru.
The Hunters is James Salter's debut novel and a tale of USAF fighter pilots during the Korean War, first published in 1956.
Toss bombing (sometimes known as loft bombing, and by the U.S. Air Force as the Low Altitude Bombing System, LABS) is a method of bombing where the attacking aircraft pulls upward when releasing its bomb load, giving the bomb additional time of flight by starting its ballistic path with an upward vector.
Tracer ammunition (tracers) are bullets or cannon caliber projectiles that are built with a small pyrotechnic charge in their base.
In aeronautics, transonic (or transsonic) flight is flying at or near the speed of sound (at sea level under average conditions), relative to the air through which the vehicle is traveling.
The Tunisian Air Force (El Quwat ej-Jawiya et'Tunsia) is one of the branches of the Tunisian Armed Forces.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
The Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
Organisation des Nations Unies au Congo, abbreviated ONUC (English: United Nations Organization in the Congo), was a United Nations peacekeeping force in the Republic of the Congo that was established after United Nations Security Council Resolution 143 of 14 July 1960.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (Federal Circuit; in case citations, Fed. Cir. or C.A.F.C.) is a United States court of appeals headquartered in Washington, D.C. The court was created by Congress with passage of the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982, which merged the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the appellate division of the United States Court of Claims, making the judges of the former courts into circuit judges.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The Venezuelan Air Force, officially the Venezuelan National Bolivarian Military Aviation (Aviación Militar Nacional Bolivariana de Venezuela) is a professional armed body designed to defend Venezuela's sovereignty and airspace.
Vermont Garrison (October 29, 1915 – February 14, 1994) was a career officer in the United States Air Force, and a flying ace credited with 17.33 victories in aerial combat.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 323 (VMFA-323) is an aviation unit of the United States Marine Corps. The squadron is equipped with the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18C Hornet and is based at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, California (USA). It falls under the command of Marine Aircraft Group 11 (MAG-11) and the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (3rd MAW) but deploys with the U.S. Navy's Carrier Air Wing 11 (CVW-11).
The Vought F-8 Crusader (originally F8U) is a single-engine, supersonic, carrier-based air superiority jet aircraft built by Vought for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, replacing the Vought F7U Cutlass, and for the French Navy.
The Vought F4U Corsair is an American fighter aircraft that saw service primarily in World War II and the Korean War.
Flying Officer Waleed Ehsanul Karim, Shaheed (Martyr) (ওয়ালীদ এহসানুল করিম) (July 1944, Harbang, Chakaria – 19 April 1965, Karachi) was a Pakistan Air Force's fighter pilot and one of the youngest F-86 Sabre jet pilots in the entire world.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Air Force and Air Defence (Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdušna odbrana / Ратно ваздухопловство и противваздушна одбрана; abbr. RV i PVO / РВ и ПВО), was one of three branches of the Yugoslav People's Army, the Yugoslav military.
The.50 Browning Machine Gun (.50 BMG, 12.7×99mm NATO and designated as the 50 Browning by the C.I.P.) is a cartridge developed for the Browning.50 caliber machine gun in the late 1910s.
The United States Air Force's 18th Wing is the host wing for Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, Japan and is the Air Force's largest combat wing.
On September 24, 1972, a privately owned Canadair Sabre Mk. 5 jet piloted by Richard Bingham failed to take off while leaving the "Golden West Sport Aviation Air Show" at Sacramento, California's Executive Airport, crashing into a Farrell's Ice Cream Parlor.
The 1st Fighter Wing (1 FW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command Ninth Air Force.
2 Squadron is a squadron in the South African Air Force which was formed in 1940.
201 Squadron "Falcões" (Esquadra 201) is a fighter squadron of the Portuguese Air Force, operating the F-16 Fighting Falcon.
The 4028th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron was a component of the 4080th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, Strategic Air Command, that operated Lockheed U-2 spy planes out of Laughlin AFB, Texas, and Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona, in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
The 4th Fighter Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command Ninth Air Force.
The 51st Fighter Wing (51 FW) is a wing of the United States Air Force and the host unit at Osan Air Base, South Korea.
The United States Air Force 8th Fighter Wing is the host unit at Kunsan Air Base, Republic of Korea and is assigned to Seventh Air Force.
The 94th Fighter Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force 1st Operations Group located at Joint Base Langley–Eustis, Virginia.
F-86, F-86 Sabre, F-86 Sabrejet, F-86 Sabres, F-86A Sabre, F-86A Sabrejet, F-86D/F Sabre, F-86D/L Sabre, F-86E Sabre, F-86E/J Sabrejet, F-86F, F-86F Sabre, F-86H Sabre, F-95, F86, F86 Sabre, Mitsubishi F-86F Sabre, North American Aviation F-86 Sabre, North American EF-86D-5-NA Sabre, North American F-86, North American F-86A Sabre, North American F-86A-5-NA Sabre, North American F-86D Sabre Dog, North American F-86E Sabre, North American F-86F, North American F-86F Sabre, North American F-86F-30-NA, North American F-86H Sabre, North American NA-140, North American P-86, North American RF-86 Sabre, North American RF-86F, North American Sabre, North American TF-86F Sabre, North American/Canadair/CAC F-86 Sabre, P-86, QF-86 Sabre, RF-86 Sabre, RF-86F, RF-86F Sabre, Sabrejet, XP-86, XP-86 Sabre, YF-86D, YF-95, YF-95A.