238 relations: Advanced Mobile Phone System, Alameda, California, All Red Line, Ambulance, American Samoa, Anti-tromboning, Area code 202, Area code 219, Area code 242, Area code 246, Area code 264, Area code 268, Area code 284, Area code 334, Area code 340, Area code 345, Area code 360, Area code 423, Area code 441, Area code 473, Area code 520, Area code 600, Area code 612, Area code 649, Area code 651, Area code 664, Area code 670, Area code 671, Area code 684, Area code 700, Area code 721, Area code 758, Area code 763, Area code 767, Area code 775, Area code 784, Area code 859, Area code 865, Area code 868, Area code 869, Area code 917, Area code 952, Area code 989, Area codes 201 and 551, Area codes 204 and 431, Area codes 214, 469, and 972, Area codes 317 and 463, Area codes 430 and 903, Area codes 519, 226, and 548, Area codes 702 and 725, ..., Area codes 876 and 658, Area codes 905, 289, and 365, Area codes in the Caribbean, AT&T, AT&T Corporation, AT&T Mobility, Atlanta, Automatic number announcement circuit, Barbados, Bell System, BellSouth, Bermuda, Breakup of the Bell System, British Empire, British West Indies, BUtterfield 8, Call tracing, Called-party camp-on, Caller ID, Canada, Canadian Numbering Administration Consortium, Caribbean, Central America, Central office code protection, Colonial Office, Competitive local exchange carrier, Confidence trick, Contiguous United States, Cuba, Detroit, Dial plan, Direct distance dialing, Directory assistance, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Dual-tone multi-frequency signaling, E.161, E.164, East Tennessee, Emergency telephone number, Englewood, New Jersey, European Union, Fax, FCC Record, Feature group, Federal Communications Commission, Fictitious telephone number, Film, Fire station, French West Indies, Georgia (U.S. state), Glenn Miller, Greater Toronto Area, Greenland, GSM, Guam, Haiti, History of the telephone, Hotel Pennsylvania, Hurricane Katrina, Incumbent local exchange carrier, Insular area, Intercept message, Interexchange carrier, International Telecommunication Union, ISO/IEC 9995, Jamaica, James Bay, Kentucky, Knoxville, Tennessee, Landline, Las Vegas–Paradise, NV MSA, Lexington, Kentucky, LIME (telecommunications company), List of area code overlays, List of countries by number of mobile phones in use, List of country calling codes, List of international call prefixes, List of North American Numbering Plan area codes, List of original NANP area codes, Local exchange carrier, Local number portability, Lockheed Martin, Long-distance calling, Long-distance operator, Manhattan, Maryland, Metropolitan statistical area, Mexico, Michigan, Minneapolis–Saint Paul, Minnesota Public Utilities Commission, Mnemonic, Mobile network operator, Mobile phone, Modem, Mootness, N11 code, Neustar, New York City, North America, North American Numbering Plan expansion, Northern Mariana Islands, Notes on the Network, Nuisance call, Number pooling, Numbering Resource Utilization/Forecast Report, Operator assistance, Overlay plan, PEnnsylvania 6-5000, Personal communications service (NANP), Phoneword, Plant test number, Police, Premium-rate telephone number, Public switched telephone network, Public utilities commission, Puerto Rico, Regional Bell Operating Company, RespOrg, Roseau, Rotary dial, Saint Paul, Minnesota, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, San Antonio, San Francisco, San Jose, California, Seven-digit dialing, Sint Maarten, SMS, Sprint Corporation, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Switchboard operator, T-Mobile US, Telecommunications Act of 1996, Telehealth, Telemarketing, Telephone, Telephone call, Telephone exchange, Telephone exchange names, Telephone number, Telephone numbering plan, Telephone numbers in Puerto Rico, Telephone numbers in the Dominican Republic, Television show, Telex, Ten-digit dialing, Tennessee, Territories of the United States, The Virginian-Pilot, The Wall Street Journal, Tie line, Tijuana, Toll-free telephone number, Toll-free telephone numbers in the North American Numbering Plan, Tommy Tutone, Trinidad and Tobago, Trunk prefix, U.S. state, United Kingdom, United States, United States Virgin Islands, University of Kentucky, University of Tennessee, Vancouver, Verizon Communications, Verizon Pennsylvania, Vertical service code, Voice over IP, Voicemail, Washington, D.C., World War II, 1-800-Flowers, 112 (emergency telephone number), 1981 in music, 1996 Summer Olympics, 2-1-1, 3-1-1, 4-1-1, 5-1-1, 555 (telephone number), 6-1-1, 7-1-1, 8-1-1, 867-5309/Jenny, 9-1-1, 999 (emergency telephone number). Expand index (188 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS) is an analog mobile phone system standard developed by Bell Labs, and officially introduced in the Americas on October 13, 1983,.
Alameda (Spanish) is a city in Alameda County, California, United States.
The All Red Line was an informal name for the system of electrical telegraphs that linked much of the British Empire.
An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation, from or between places of treatment, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient.
American Samoa (Amerika Sāmoa,; also Amelika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa.
Anti-tromboning (also referred to as anti-hairpinning or media release) is a feature employed in telecommunication networks, such as voice over IP networks, that optimises the use of the access network and reduces excess processing and traffic.
Area code 202 is the North American telephone area code for Washington, D.C..
219 is the North American telephone area code for northwest Indiana that includes Lake, Porter, La Porte, Newton, and Jasper counties.
Area code 242 is the local telephone area code of The Bahamas.
The area code 246 in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a composite part of the telephone numbering plan for Barbados.
Area code 264 is the telephone area code of Anguilla in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP).
Area code 268 is the telephone area code of Antigua and Barbuda.
Area code 284 is the local telephone area code of the British Virgin Islands (BVI).
Area code 334 is a NANPA area code serving southeastern Alabama.
The area code (340) is the local telephone area code of U.S. Virgin Islands.
Area code 345 is the local telephone area code of the Cayman Islands.
Area code 360 is the telephone area code for western Washington state outside metropolitan Seattle.
Area Code 423 is an area code in Tennessee that covers two separate areas of East Tennessee.
Area code 441 is the telephone area code for Bermuda.
Area code 473 is the local telephone area code of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique.
North American area code 520 is a state of Arizona telephone area code serving Tucson and most of the southeastern part of the state.
Area code 600 is a rarely used non-geographic Canadian area code, reserved for specialized telecommunication uses such as Teletype, caller-pays cellular, ISDN and mobile satellite communication services.
Area code 612 is part of the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) of the public switched telephone network for the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota and a few surrounding areas such as Fort Snelling, St. Anthony and Richfield.
Area code 649 is the local telephone area code of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
Area code 651 is the telephone numbering plan code for Saint Paul, Minnesota, and the eastern suburbs of the Twin Cities.
Area code 664 in the North American Numbering Plan covers Montserrat, a tiny British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean.
The area code 670 is the local telephone area code for the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).
The area code 671 is the local telephone area code of the United States territory of Guam.
Area code 684 is the number assigned to telephones in American Samoa.
Area code 700 of the North American Numbering Plan is reserved for carrier-specific number assignments to special services or destinations.
Area code 721 is the telephone area code of Sint Maarten within the North American Numbering Plan.
Area code 758 is the local telephone area code of Saint Lucia.
Area code 763 is the telephone numbering plan code for the northwestern suburbs of Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota, including cities such as Plymouth, Maple Grove, and Brooklyn Park.
Area code 767 is the local telephone area code of the Commonwealth of Dominica, within the North American Numbering Plan.
Area code 775 is a Nevada telephone area code in the North American Numbering Plan.
Area code 784 is the local telephone area code of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Area code 859 serves the city of Lexington and the central portion of the Commonwealth of Kentucky.
Area code 865 serves Knoxville, Tennessee, and the nine surrounding counties (Anderson, Blount, Grainger, Jefferson, Knox, Loudon, Roane, Sevier, and Union) in central East Tennessee.
The area code 868 is assigned to Trinidad and Tobago, a member of the North American Numbering Plan (NANP).
Area code 869 is the local telephone area code of Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Area code 917 is an area code for all five boroughs of New York City (The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island).
Area code 952 is the telephone numbering plan code in Minnesota for the southwestern suburbs of Minneapolis-St. Paul including cities such as Bloomington, Eden Prairie, Edina and Minnetonka.
989 is the area code for Central Michigan, the northeastern Lower Peninsula, and portions of the Thumb.
Area codes 201 and 551 are telephone area codes in the North American Numbering Plan in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Area codes 204 and 431 are the North American telephone area codes for the Canadian province of Manitoba, encompassing the province.
Area codes 214, 469, and 972 are the North American telephone area codes for Dallas, Texas, and most of the eastern portion of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.
Area codes 317 and 463 are North American Numbering Plan area codes for central Indiana.
North American area codes 430 and 903 are state of Texas telephone area codes for numbers in the Northeast Texas area, including Texarkana, Tyler, and Sherman.
Area codes 519, 226 and 548 are the telephone area codes serving most of southwestern Ontario.
Area codes 702 and 725 are the North American Numbering Plan telephone area codes serving Clark County, Nevada, including Las Vegas.
Area codes 876 and 658 are the local telephone area codes of Jamaica.
Area codes 905, 289, and 365 are area codes in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) in Southern Ontario, Canada, particularly covering the Niagara Peninsula, the city of Hamilton, Halton Region, Peel Region, York Region, Durham Region, and parts of Northumberland County.
From 1958 to about 1995, most of the British West Indies in the Caribbean Basin, Bermuda, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico shared a single area code 809 in the North American Numbering Plan.
AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.
AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
AT&T Mobility LLC, also known as AT&T Wireless marketed as simply AT&T, is a wholly owned subsidiary of AT&T that provides wireless services to 138.8 million subscribers in the United States including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
An automatic number announcement circuit (ANAC) is a component of a central office of a telephone company that provides a service to installation and service technicians to determine the telephone number of a line.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.
The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.
BellSouth, LLC (stylized as BELLSOUTH and formerly known as BellSouth Corporation) is an American telecommunications holding company based in Atlanta, Georgia.
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.
The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell Operating Companies that had provided local telephone service in the United States and Canada up until that point.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat and the British Virgin Islands.
BUtterfield 8 is a 1960 drama film directed by Daniel Mann, starring Elizabeth Taylor and Laurence Harvey.
In telecommunication, call tracing is a procedure that permits an entitled user to be informed about the routing of data for an established connection, identifying the entire route from the origin to the destination.
In telecommunication, a called-party camp-on is a communication system service feature that enables the system to complete an access attempt in spite of issuance of a user blocking signal.
Caller ID (caller identification, CID), also called calling line identification (CLID), Calling Line Identification (CLI), calling number delivery (CND), calling number identification (CNID), calling line identification presentation (CLIP), or call display, is a telephone service, available in analog and digital telephone systems, including VoIP, that transmits a caller's telephone number to the called party's telephone equipment when the call is being set up.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canadian Numbering Administration Consortium is the corporation responsible for administering Canada's telecommunication numbering resources.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
In the administration of the North American Numbering Plan, central office code protection was a numbering policy intended to ensure that the same local telephone number was not assigned in both of a pair of adjacent communities on opposite sides of an area code boundary.
The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.
A competitive local exchange carrier (CLEC), in the United States and Canada, is a telecommunications provider company (sometimes called a "carrier") competing with other, already established carriers (generally the incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC)).
A confidence trick (synonyms include con, confidence game, confidence scheme, ripoff, scam and stratagem) is an attempt to defraud a person or group after first gaining their confidence, used in the classical sense of trust.
The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. on the continent of North America.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
A dialing plan establishes the permitted sequences of digits dialed on subscriber or station lines with subscriber premises equipment, such as telephones and private branch exchange (PBX) systems.
Direct distance dialing (DDD) is a telecommunication service feature in which a caller may, without operator assistance, call any other user outside the local calling area.
In telecommunications, directory assistance or directory enquiries is a phone service used to find out a specific telephone number and/or address of a residence, business, or government entity.
Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Dual-tone multi-frequency signaling (DTMF) is an in-band telecommunication signaling system using the voice-frequency band over telephone lines between telephone equipment and other communications devices and switching centers.
E.161 is an ITU-T recommendation that defines the assignment of the basic 26 Latin letters (A to Z) to the 12-key telephone keypad.
E.164 is an ITU-T recommendation, titled The international public telecommunication numbering plan, that defines a numbering plan for the worldwide public switched telephone network (PSTN) and some other data networks.
East Tennessee comprises approximately the eastern third of the U.S. state of Tennessee, one of the three Grand Divisions of Tennessee defined in state law.
In many countries the public switched telephone network has a single emergency telephone number (sometimes known as the universal emergency telephone number or the emergency services number) that allows a caller to contact local emergency services for assistance.
Englewood is a city located in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.
The FCC Record, also known as the Federal Communications Commission Record and variously abbreviated as FCC Rcd. and F.C.C.R., is the comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), published since 1986.
A Feature Group, in North American telephone industry jargon, is most commonly used to designate various standard means of access by callers to competitive long distance services.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
Ranges for fictitious telephone numbers are common in most telephone numbering plans.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
A fire station (also called a fire house, fire hall, or firemen's hall) is a structure or other area for storing firefighting apparatus such as fire engines and related vehicles, personal protective equipment, fire hoses and other specialized equipment.
The term French West Indies or French Antilles (Antilles françaises) refers to the seven territories currently under French sovereignty in the Antilles islands of the Caribbean.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Alton Glenn Miller (March 1, 1904 – December 15, 1944) The website for Arlington National Cemetery refers to Glenn Miller as "missing in action since Dec.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
This history of the telephone chronicles the development of the electrical telephone, and includes a brief review of its predecessors.
The Hotel Pennsylvania is a hotel located at 401 Seventh Avenue (15 Penn Plaza) in Manhattan, across the street from Pennsylvania Station and Madison Square Garden in New York City.
Hurricane Katrina was an extremely destructive and deadly Category 5 hurricane that caused catastrophic damage along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas, much of it due to the storm surge and levee failure.
An incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC) is a local telephone company which held the regional monopoly on landline service before the market was opened to competitive local exchange carriers, or the corporate successor of such a firm.
An insular area of the United States is a U.S. territory that is neither a part of one of the 50 states nor of a Federal district.
An intercept message is a telephone recording informing the caller that the call cannot be completed, for any of a number of reasons ranging from local congestion, to disconnection of the destination phone, number dial errors or network trouble along the route.
Interexchange carrier (IXC) is a U.S. legal and regulatory term for a telecommunication company, commonly called a long-distance telephone company.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
ISO/IEC 9995 Information technology — Keyboard layouts for text and office systems is an ISO standard series defining layout principles for computer keyboards.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
James Bay (Baie James, Wînipekw) is a large body of water on the southern end of Hudson Bay in Canada.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
Knoxville is a city in the U.S. state of Tennessee, and the county seat of Knox County.
A landline telephone (also known as land line, land-line, main line, home phone, landline, fixed-line, and wireline) is a phone that uses a metal wire or optical fiber telephone line for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular line, which uses radio waves for transmission.
The Las Vegas–Paradise, NV MSA, also known as the Las Vegas–Henderson–Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area (2013), is in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada, coextensive since 2003 with Clark County, Nevada.
Lexington, consolidated with Fayette County and often denoted as Lexington-Fayette, is the second-largest city in Kentucky and the 60th-largest city in the United States.
LIME, an acronym for 'Landline, Internet, Mobile, Entertainment', was a communications provider owned by the British based Cable & Wireless Communications for its operations in Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines and Turks & Caicos in the Caribbean.
An area code overlay is a North American area code that is assigned to the same numbering plan area (NPA) as at least one other area code.
This list ranks the countries of the world by the number of mobile phones in use.
Country calling codes or country dial in codes are telephone dialing prefixes for the member countries or regions of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
An international call prefix or dial out code is a trunk prefix used to select an international telephone circuit for placing an international call.
The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) divides the territories of its member countries into Numbering Plan Areas (NPAs), each identified by a three-digit code commonly called area code.
This is the list of original North American Numbering Plan area codes of 86 plan areas as defined by AT&T in 1947.
Local exchange carrier (LEC) is a regulatory term in telecommunications for the local telephone company. In the United States, wireline telephone companies are divided into two large categories: long distance (interexchange carrier, or IXCs) and local (local exchange carrier, or LECs).
Local number portability (LNP) for fixed lines, and full mobile number portability (FMNP) for mobile phone lines, refers to the ability of a "customer of record" of an existing fixed-line or mobile telephone number assigned by a local exchange carrier (LEC) to reassign the number to another carrier ("Service Provider Portability"), move it to another location ("Geographic Portability"), or change the type of service ("Service Portability").
Lockheed Martin is an American global aerospace, defense, security and advanced technologies company with worldwide interests.
In telecommunications, a long-distance call or trunk call is a telephone call made to a location outside a defined local calling area.
In telephony, the long-distance operator is a telephone operator available to assist with making long distance telephone calls, answering billing questions, making collect calls and other functions, including emergency assistance.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Minneapolis–Saint Paul is a major metropolitan area built around the Mississippi, Minnesota and St. Croix rivers in east central Minnesota.
The Minnesota Public Utilities Commission (PUC) is the consumer protection agency in the U.S. state of Minnesota charged with the regulation of public utilities such as electric and telephone service.
A mnemonic (the first "m" is silent) device, or memory device, is any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval (remembering) in the human memory.
A mobile network operator or MNO, also known as a wireless service provider, wireless carrier, cellular company, or mobile network carrier, is a provider of wireless communications services that owns or controls all the elements necessary to sell and deliver services to an end user including radio spectrum allocation, wireless network infrastructure, back haul infrastructure, billing, customer care, provisioning computer systems and marketing and repair organizations.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
In law, the terms moot and mootness have different meanings in British English and American English.
An N11 code (N-one-one) is a three-digit telephone number used in abbreviated dialing in some telephone administrations of the North American Numbering Plan (NANP).
Neustar, Inc. is an American technology company that provides real-time information and analytics for the Internet, telecommunications, entertainment, and marketing industries, and also provides clearinghouse and directory services to the global communications and Internet industries.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
The expansion of the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is an anticipated requirement to provide more telephone numbers to accommodate future needs beyond the pool of ten-digit telephone numbers in use since the inception of the NANP in 1947.
The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI; Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas; Refaluwasch or Carolinian: Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas), is an insular area and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 15 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.
Notes on the Network is a publication of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company that outlines the state, technology, and operating principles of the public switched telephone network in the Bell System in the United States and Canada, and for the entire North American Numbering Plan territory.
Nuisance calls encompass any type of unwanted, unsolicited, telephone call.
Number pooling is a method of reallocating telephony numbering space in the North American Numbering Plan, primarily in growth areas in the United States.
The Numbering Resource Utilization/Forecast Report (also referred to as the NRUF Report) is a semiannual report compiled by the North American Numbering Plan Administration, based on information provided by the telecom industry in accordance with United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules.
Operator assistance refers to a telephone call in which the calling party requires an operator to provide some form of assistance in completing the call.
In telecommunications, an overlay numbering plan is the practice of introducing a new area code by assigning it to an existing numbering plan area (NPA) that already has an area code assigned.
PEnnsylvania 6-5000 is a telephone number in New York City, written in the 2L+5N (two letters, five numbers) format that was common in the largest US cities from approximately 1930 into the 1960s.
In telecommunication, a personal communication service is defined by the Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS) as "a set of capabilities that allows some combination of personal mobility, terminal mobility, and service profile management".
Phonewords are mnemonic phrases represented as alphanumeric equivalents of a telephone number.
In landline telephony, a plant test number or exchange is a number or group of numbers reserved for use by telephone installers to perform routine tests on an individual telephone line.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
Premium-rate telephone numbers are telephone numbers for telephone calls during which certain services are provided, and for which prices higher than normal are charged.
The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the aggregate of the world's circuit-switched telephone networks that are operated by national, regional, or local telephony operators, providing infrastructure and services for public telecommunication.
In the United States, a utilities commission, utility regulatory commission (URC), public utilities commission (PUC), or public service commission (PSC) is a governing body that regulates the rates and services of a public utility.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
The Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOC) are the result of United States v. AT&T, the U.S. Department of Justice antitrust suit against the former American Telephone & Telegraph Company (later known as AT&T Corp.). On January 8, 1982, AT&T Corp.
In the North American Numbering Plan, a RespOrg (a contraction for responsible organization) is a company which maintains the registration for individual toll-free telephone numbers in the distributed Service Management System/800 database.
Roseau (Dominican Creole: Wozo) is the capital and largest city of Dominica, with a population of 14,725 (as of 2011).
A rotary dial is a component of a telephone or a telephone switchboard that implements a signaling technology in telecommunications known as pulse dialing.
Saint Paul (abbreviated St. Paul) is the capital and second-most populous city of the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon, officially the Overseas Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Collectivité d'Outre-mer de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon), is a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France, situated in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean near the Newfoundland and Labrador province of Canada.
San Antonio (Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
San Jose (Spanish for 'Saint Joseph'), officially the City of San José, is an economic, cultural, and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California.
Seven-digit dialing is a telephone dialing procedure customary in the territories of the North American Numbering Plan, for dialing telephone numbers in the local calling area.
Sint Maarten is an island country in the Caribbean.
SMS (short message service) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems.
Sprint Corporation is an American telecommunications company that provides wireless services and is an internet service provider.
In the early days of telephony, through roughly the 1960s, companies used manual telephone switchboards, and switchboard operators connected calls by inserting a pair of phone plugs into the appropriate jacks.
T-Mobile US, Inc., commonly shortened to T-Mobile, is a United States-based wireless network operator whose majority shareholder is the German telecommunications company Deutsche Telekom (DT). Its headquarters are located in Bellevue, Washington, in the Seattle metropolitan area. T-Mobile is the third largest wireless carrier in the United States with 74 million customers as of Q1 2018. T-Mobile US provides wireless voice and data services in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands under the T-Mobile and MetroPCS brands (which it acquired in a reverse takeover in 2013, resulting in the company going public on the NASDAQ stock exchange), and also serves as the host network for many mobile virtual network operators. The company has annual revenues of over $40 billion. In 2015, Consumer Reports named T-Mobile the number one American wireless carrier. In 2017, T-Mobile was ranked #1 in Customer Service Satisfaction by Nielsen.
The Telecommunications Act of 1996 was the first significant overhaul of telecommunications law in more than sixty years, amending the Communications Act of 1934.
Telehealth involves the distribution of health-related services and information via electronic information and telecommunication technologies.
Telemarketing (sometimes known as inside sales, or telesales in the UK and Ireland) is a method of direct marketing in which a salesperson solicits prospective customers to buy products or services, either over the phone or through a subsequent face to face or Web conferencing appointment scheduled during the call.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
A telephone call is a connection over a telephone network between the called party and the calling party.
A telephone exchange is a telecommunications system used in the public switched telephone network or in large enterprises.
A telephone exchange name or central office name was a distinguishing and memorable name assigned to a central office.
A telephone number is a sequence of digits assigned to a fixed-line telephone subscriber station connected to a telephone line or to a wireless electronic telephony device, such as a radio telephone or a mobile telephone, or to other devices for data transmission via the public switched telephone network (PSTN) or other private networks.
A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints.
Telephone numbers in Puerto Rico are assigned under the North American Numbering Plan (NANP).
Telephone numbers in the Dominican Republic use area code 809 with 829 and 849 as overlay codes.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
The telex network was a public switched network of teleprinters similar to a telephone network, for the purposes of sending text-based messages.
In the United States and Canada, ten-digit dialing is the practice of including the area code of a telephone number when dialing to initiate a telephone call.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions directly overseen by the United States (U.S.) federal government.
The Virginian-Pilot is a daily newspaper based in Norfolk, Virginia.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
A tie line, also known as a tie trunk, is a telecommunication circuit between two telephone exchanges or two extensions of a private telephone system.
Tijuana is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and on the Baja California Peninsula, located at the center of the Tijuana and the international San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan areas.
A toll-free telephone number or freephone number is a telephone number that is billed for all arriving calls instead of incurring charges to the originating telephone subscriber.
In the United States of America, Canada, and other countries participating in the North American Numbering Plan, a toll-free telephone number has one of the area codes 800, 833, 844, 855, 866, 877, and 888.
Tommy Tutone is a power pop band, best known for its 1981 hit "867-5309/Jenny", which peaked at No. 4 on the ''Billboard'' Hot 100.
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean.
A trunk prefix is a digit sequence to be dialed before a telephone number to initiate a telephone call for the purpose of selecting an appropriate telecommunications circuit by which the call is to be routed.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Virgin Islands (USVI; also called the American Virgin Islands), officially the Virgin Islands of the United States, is a group of islands in the Caribbean that is an insular area of the United States located east of Puerto Rico.
The University of Kentucky (UK) is a public co-educational university in Lexington, Kentucky.
The University of Tennessee (also referred to as The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, UT Knoxville, UTK, or UT) is a public sun- and land-grant university in Knoxville, Tennessee, United States.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
Verizon Communications Inc., or simply Verizon, is an American multinational telecommunications conglomerate and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
Verizon Pennsylvania LLC, formerly traded as Bell of Pennsylvania, is the Bell Operating Company serving most of Pennsylvania.
A vertical service code (VSC) is a sequence of digits and the signals star (*) and number sign (#) dialed on a telephone keypad or rotary dial to enable or disable certain telephony service features.
Voice over Internet Protocol (also voice over IP, VoIP or IP telephony) is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.
A voicemail system (also known as voice message or voice bank) is a computer-based system that allows users and subscribers to exchange personal voice messages; to select and deliver voice information; and to process transactions relating to individuals, organizations, products and services, using an ordinary telephone.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
1-800-Flowers.com, Inc. is a floral and gourmet foods gift retailer and distribution company in the United States.
112 is the common emergency telephone number that can be dialed free of charge from most mobile telephones and, in some countries, fixed telephones in order to reach emergency services (ambulance, fire and rescue, police).
This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1981.
The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
2-1-1 is a special abbreviated telephone number reserved in Canada and the United States as an easy-to-remember three-digit telephone number meant to provide information and referrals to health, human and social service organizations.
3-1-1 is a special telephone number supported in many communities in Canada and the United States.
4-1-1 is the telephone number for local directory assistance in the United States and Canada.
5-1-1 is a transportation and traffic information telephone hotline in some regions of the United States and Canada.
The telephone number prefix 555 is a central office code in the North American Numbering Plan, used as the leading part of a group of 10,000 telephone numbers, 555-XXXX, in each numbering plan area (NPA).
For customers of some telephone companies in Canada and in the U.S., 6-1-1 is the abbreviated dialing telephone number used to report a problem with telephone service, or with a payphone.
In Canada and the United States, the 711 telephone number is used for the Telecommunications Relay Service to translate from TDD for the deaf to speech, and vice versa.
8-1-1 is an N-1-1 telephone number in Canada and the United States.
"867-5309/Jenny" is a 1981 song written by Alex Call and Jim Keller and performed by Tommy Tutone that was released on the album Tommy Tutone 2, on the Columbia Records label.
9-1-1, also written 911, is an emergency telephone number for the North American Numbering Plan (NANP), one of eight N11 codes.
999 is an official emergency telephone number in a number of countries which allows the caller to contact emergency services for urgent assistance.
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