341 relations: Aachen, Aachen (district), Aachen Cathedral, Accept (band), Alemannia Aachen, Allied-occupied Germany, Altbier, Ancient Rome, Angel Dust (band), Angria, Aplerbeck, Arena AufSchalke, Armin Laschet, Arminia Bielefeld, Arnsberg (region), Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces, Brühl, Battle of Jena–Auerstedt, Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, Bavaria, BayArena, Bayer 04 Leverkusen, Beckum Hills, Belgium, Bergisches Land, Bielefeld, Blind Guardian, Bochum, Bonn, Borken (district), Borussia Dortmund, Borussia Mönchengladbach, Borussia-Park, Bottrop, Brandenburg-Prussia, Brühl (Rhineland), Bructeri, Bundesliga, Cabinet Laschet, Carolingian dynasty, Carolingian Empire, Catholic Church, Catholic Church in Germany, Cölner Hofbräu Früh, Central Uplands, Centre Party (Germany), Charlemagne, Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Coesfeld (district), Cologne, Cologne (region), ..., Cologne Bonn Region, Cologne Carnival, Cologne Cathedral, Confederation of the Rhine, Congress of Vienna, Constitution of North Rhine-Westphalia, Cugerni, Düren (district), Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf (region), Düsseldorfer EG, Detmold, Detmold (region), Deutsche Eishockey Liga, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Deutsche Welle, Districts of Germany, Doro (musician), Dortmund, Dortmunder Export, Duchy of Brabant, Duchy of Cleves, Duchy of Limburg, Duchy of Lorraine, Duchy of Saxony, Duchy of Westphalia, Duisburg, Duke, East Francia, Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastphalia, Eburones, Economic sector, Egge (Lower Saxon Hills), Eifel, Electorate of Cologne, Electorate of Trier, Ems (river), Enger, Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, Essen, Eupen, Euskirchen (district), Evangelical Church in Germany, FC Schalke 04, FDi magazine, Federal republic, FIFA Women's World Cup, FIFA World Cup, First French Empire, Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia, Foreign direct investment, Fortuna Düsseldorf, Franz Meyers, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Free State of Lippe, Free State of Prussia, Fritz Steinhoff, Gamescom, Gütersloh (district), Gelderland, Gelsenkirchen, German Reich, German Universities Excellence Initiative, German-speaking Community of Belgium, Germania Inferior, Germanic peoples, Germany, Grand Duchy of Berg, Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, Grave Digger (band), Hagen, Hamm, Hannelore Kraft, Haus Lange and Haus Esters, Höxter, Höxter (district), Heavy metal music, Heinsberg (district), Heinz Kühn, Hellenthal, Hengist and Horsa, Henry the Lion, Herford (district), Herne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse, Hidden champions, Historical City Hall of Münster, History of the Jews in Germany, Hochsauerlandkreis, Holy Moses, Holy Roman Emperor, Holy Roman Empire, Imperial Abbey of Corvey, Indian religions, Industrial heritage, Iodine, Irreligion in Germany, Iserlohn Roosters, Islam in Germany, Jürgen Rüttgers, Jews, Johannes Rau, Julius Caesar, Kahler Asten, Karl Arnold, Kölner Haie, Kölsch (beer), Kingdom of Hanover, Kingdom of Prussia, Kingdom of Westphalia, Kleve (district), Kraftwerk, Kranenburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Kreator, Krefeld, Krefeld Pinguine, Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Kunststiftung NRW, Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia, Langen Foundation, Langenberg (Rothaar), Lünen, Left Bank of the Rhine, Lemgo, Leverkusen, Lied für NRW, Limburg (Netherlands), Lippe (district), Lippe (river), List of cities in Germany by population, List of districts of Germany, List of lakes in North Rhine-Westphalia, List of Ministers-President of North Rhine-Westphalia, List of rivers of North Rhine-Westphalia, Lorraine, Lotharingia, Lower Lorraine, Lower Rhine, Lower Rhine region, Lower Saxony, Ludwig van Beethoven, Lutheranism, Malmedy, MARTa Herford, Märkischer Kreis, Mönchengladbach, Mülheim, Müngersdorfer Stadion, Münster, Münster (region), Merovingian dynasty, Metropolitan regions in Germany, Mettmann (district), Middle Rhine, Minden-Lübbecke, Mittelrhein (wine region), Mixed-member proportional representation, Moers, Monschau, Moselle, MSV Duisburg, Muslim, Napoleon, Netherlands, Neuer Zollhof, Neuss, New Apostolic Church, New religious movement, New states of Germany, Niederzier, Nordkirchen Castle, North German Plain, North Rhine, North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2010, North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2012, NRW Forum, Nuclear reactor, Oberbergischer Kreis, Oberhausen, Olpe (district), Osnabrück, Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, Ottonian dynasty, Outline of Germany, Overijssel, Pader (river), Paderborn, Paderborn (district), Parkstadion, Parliamentary system, Peace of Westphalia, Peer Steinbrück, Porta Westfalica (gorge), Province of Westphalia, Prussia, Prussian Army, Prussian Guelders, Rage (German band), Rahden, Recklinghausen (district), Referendum, Reformation, Regierungsbezirk, Remscheid, Representative democracy, Rhein-Erft-Kreis, Rhein-Kreis Neuss, Rhein-Sieg-Kreis, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, Rheinstadion, Rhine, Rhine Province, Rhine-Ruhr, Rhineland, Rhineland-Palatinate, Ripuarian Franks, Rot-Weiß Oberhausen, Rot-Weiss Essen, Rothaar Mountains, Rudolf Amelunxen, Ruhr, Ruhr (river), Ruhr University Bochum, Ruhrstadion, Ruhrtriennale, RWTH Aachen University, Sauerland, Saxon Wars, Saxons, SC Fortuna Köln, SC Paderborn 07, Scanner (band), Selfkant, Sicambri, Siebengebirge, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Siegerland, Social Democratic Party of Germany, Sodom (band), Soest (district), Solingen, Speed metal, Sportfreunde Siegen, St. Reinold's Church, Dortmund, States of Germany, Steinfurt (district), Tencteri, Teutoburg Forest, Thirty Years' War, Thrash metal, Tihange Nuclear Power Station, Treaties of Tilsit, Treaty of Verdun, Ubii, University of Cologne, Unna (district), Usipetes, Vassal state, VfL Bochum, Viersen (district), Wallonia, War of the Limburg Succession, Warendorf (district), Warlock (band), Wesel (district), Weser, Weser Uplands, Wesergebirge, West Germany, Western esotericism, Westfalenstadion, Westphalia, Westphalian Lowland, Westphalian sovereignty, Widukind, Wiehen Hills, Wirtschaftswunder, Wolfgang Clement, World Heritage site, Wuppertal, Wuppertal Suspension Railway, Wuppertaler SV, Zollern II/IV Colliery, Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex, 1. FC Köln, 1974 FIFA World Cup, 2. Bundesliga, 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup. Expand index (291 more) » « Shrink index
Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.
The district of Aachen (Städteregion Aachen) is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Aachen Cathedral (German: Aachener Dom), traditionally called in English the Cathedral of Aix-la-Chapelle, is a Roman Catholic church in Aachen, western Germany, and the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Aachen.
Accept are a German heavy metal band from the town of Solingen, originally assembled by former vocalist Udo Dirkschneider, guitarist Wolf Hoffmann and bassist Peter Baltes.
Alemannia Aachen is a German football club from the western city of Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
Altbier (German: old beer) is a style of beer brewed in the historical region of Westphalia and around the city of Düsseldorf, Germany.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Angel Dust (originally Angeldust) are a German heavy metal band.
Angria or Angaria (Engern) is a historical region in the present-day German states of Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia.
Aplerbeck was a village in Germany documented first in 899.
Arena AufSchalke (currently known as Veltins-Arena (for sponsorship reasons) is a football stadium in Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It opened on 13 August 2001, as the new home ground for Bundesliga club FC Schalke 04. It hosted the 2004 UEFA Champions League Final and five matches at the 2006 FIFA World Cup, including a quarter-final. It has a capacity of 62,271 (standing and seated) for league matches and 54,740 (seated only) for international matches. The stadium has a retractable roof and a retractable pitch. The naming rights to the stadium were sold on 1 July 2005 to German brewery Veltins.
Armin Laschet (born 18 February 1961) is a German politician.
DSC Arminia Bielefeld (full name: Deutscher Sportclub Arminia Bielefeld e.V.; also known as "Die Arminen" or "Die Blauen") is a German sports club from Bielefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Arnsberg is one of the five Regierungsbezirks of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the south-east of the country.
The Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces form a historical building complex in Brühl, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, which has been listed as a UNESCO cultural World Heritage Site since 1984.
The twin battles of Jena and Auerstedt (older name: Auerstädt) were fought on 14 October 1806 on the plateau west of the River Saale in today's Germany, between the forces of Napoleon I of France and Frederick William III of Prussia.
The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (Schlacht im Teutoburger Wald, Hermannsschlacht, or Varusschlacht, Disfatta di Varo), described as the Varian Disaster (Clades Variana) by Roman historians, took place in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and decisively destroyed three Roman legions and their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
BayArena is a football stadium in Leverkusen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, which has been the home ground of Bundesliga club Bayer Leverkusen since 1958.
Bayer 04 Leverkusen Fußball GmbH, also known as Bayer 04 Leverkusen, Bayer Leverkusen, Leverkusen or simply Bayer, is a German football club based in Leverkusen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Beckum Hills (Beckumer Berge), named after the town of Beckum, are a range of low hills, up to, in the region of Münsterland in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany).
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The Bergisches Land (Berg Country) is a low mountain range region within the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, east of Rhine river, south of the Ruhr.
Bielefeld is a city in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe Region in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Blind Guardian is a German power metal band formed in 1984 in Krefeld, West Germany.
Bochum (Westphalian: Baukem) is a city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and part of the Arnsberg region.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.
Borken is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany in the Münster region.
Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.V. Dortmund, commonly known as Borussia Dortmund, BVB, or simply Dortmund, is a German sports club based in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia (Borussia is the Latin equivalent of Prussia).
Borussia VfL 1900 Mönchengladbach e.V., commonly known as Borussia Mönchengladbach, Mönchengladbach or Gladbach, is a German football club in Mönchengladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Borussia-Park (stylised as BORUSSIA-PARK) is a football stadium in Mönchengladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany which serves as the home stadium of Bundesliga club Borussia Mönchengladbach.
Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Brandenburg-Prussia (Brandenburg-Preußen) is the historiographic denomination for the Early Modern realm of the Brandenburgian Hohenzollerns between 1618 and 1701.
is a town in the Rhineland, Germany.
The Bructeri (Greek Βρούκτεροι; but Βουσάκτεροι in Strabo) were a Germanic tribe in Roman imperial times, located in northwestern Germany, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Bundesliga (lit. "Federal League", sometimes referred to as the Fußball-Bundesliga or 1. Bundesliga) is a professional association football league in Germany and the football league with the highest average stadium attendance worldwide.
The Cabinet Laschet is the government of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia since June 2017.
The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolingus, Carolings or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family founded by Charles Martel with origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century AD.
The Carolingian Empire (800–888) was a large empire in western and central Europe during the early Middle Ages.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Church in Germany (Katholische Kirche in Deutschland) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope, assisted by the Roman Curia, and of the German bishops.
Cölner Hofbräu Früh (or just Früh) is a private brewery for top-fermented beer called Kölsch.
The Central UplandsDickinson (1964), p.18 ff.
The German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei or just Zentrum) is a lay Catholic political party in Germany, primarily influential during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.
Coesfeld is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, west of the city of Münster.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Cologne is one of the five governmental districts of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Cologne Bonn Region (German: Region Köln/Bonn), also known as Cologne/Bonn Metropolitan Region (Metropolregion Köln/Bonn) is a metropolitan area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, covering the cities of Cologne, Bonn and Leverkusen, as well as the districts of Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, Oberbergischer Kreis, Rhein-Erft-Kreis and Rhein-Sieg-Kreis.
The Cologne Carnival (Kölner Karneval) is a carnival that takes place every year in Cologne, Germany.
Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche Sankt Petrus, English: Cathedral Church of Saint Peter) is a Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Northrhine-Westfalia, Germany.
The Confederation of the Rhine (Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin, but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
The Constitution of North Rhine-Westphalia (Verfassung für das Land Nordrhein-Westfalen) in the constitutional document that governs the responsibilities and rights of various offices and the Landtag (State Parliament) of North Rhine-Westphalia, in Germany.
The Cugerni (or Cuberni or Guberni) was Germanic tribal grouping with a particular territory within the Roman province of Germania Inferior, which later became Germania Secunda.
Düren is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
Düsseldorf is one of the five Regierungsbezirke of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the north-west of the country.
Düsseldorfer EG (short DEG) is a German professional ice hockey team in Düsseldorf.
Detmold is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with a population of about 73,400 (2013).
Detmold is one of the five Regierungsbezirks of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the north-east of the state.
The Deutsche Eishockey Liga (English: German Ice Hockey League) or DEL, is a German professional ice hockey league that was founded in 1994.
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) is a German research funding organization.
Deutsche Welle ("German wave" in German) or DW is Germany's public international broadcaster.
In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision is a Landkreis ("rural district"); the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, where the term is simply Kreis.
Dorothee Pesch (born 3 June 1964), popularly known as Doro Pesch or Doro, is a German heavy metal singer-songwriter, formerly front-woman of the heavy metal band Warlock.
Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Dortmunder Export or Dortmunder is a pale lager originally brewed by Dortmunder Union in Dortmund, Germany, in 1873.
The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183.
The Duchy of Cleves (Herzogtum Kleve; Hertogdom Kleef) was a State of the Holy Roman Empire which emerged from the mediaeval Hettergau (de).
The Duchy of Limburg or Limbourg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Duchy of Lorraine (Lorraine; Lothringen), originally Upper Lorraine, was a duchy now included in the larger present-day region of Lorraine in northeastern France.
The Duchy of Saxony (Hartogdom Sassen, Herzogtum Sachsen) was originally the area settled by the Saxons in the late Early Middle Ages, when they were subdued by Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 772 and incorporated into the Carolingian Empire (Francia) by 804.
The Duchy of Westphalia (Herzogtum Westfalen) was a historic territory in the Holy Roman Empire, which existed from 1180.
Duisburg (locally) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
A duke (male) or duchess (female) can either be a monarch ruling over a duchy or a member of royalty or nobility, historically of highest rank below the monarch.
East Francia (Latin: Francia orientalis) or the Kingdom of the East Franks (regnum Francorum orientalium) was a precursor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Eastphalia (Ostfalen; Eastphalian: Oostfalen) is a historical region in northern Germany, encompassing the eastern Gaue (shires) of the historic stem duchy of Saxony, roughly confined by the River Leine in the west and the Elbe and Saale in the east.
The Eburones (Greek: Ἐβούρωνες, Strabo), were a Gallic-Germanic tribe who lived in the northeast of Gaul, in what is now the southern Netherlands, eastern Belgium, and the German Rhineland, in the period immediately before this region was conquered by Rome.
One classical breakdown of economic activity distinguishes three sectors.
The Egge Hills (Eggegebirge), or just the Egge (die Egge) is a range of forested hills, up to, in the east of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Eifel (Äifel) is a low mountain range in western Germany and eastern Belgium.
The Electorate of Cologne (Kurfürstentum Köln), sometimes referred to as Electoral Cologne (Kurköln), was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire that existed from the 10th to the early 19th century.
The Electorate of Trier (Kurfürstentum Trier or Kurtrier), traditionally known in English by its French name of Trèves, was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire that existed from the end of the 9th to the early 19th century.
The Ems (Ems; Eems) is a river in northwestern Germany.
Enger is a town in the Herford district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the center of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Essen (Latin: Assindia) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Eupen (German and French, previously known as Néau in French, and Dutch) is a city and municipality in the Belgian province of Liège, from the German border (Aachen), from the Dutch border (Maastricht) and from the "High Fens" nature reserve (Ardennes). The town is also the capital of the Euroregion Meuse-Rhine. First mentioned in 1213 as belonging to the Duchy of Limburg, possession of Eupen passed to Brabant, Burgundy, the Holy Roman Empire and France before being given in 1815 to Prussia, which joined the German Empire in 1870. In 1919, after the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles transferred Eupen and the nearby municipality of Malmedy from Germany to Belgium. German remains the official language in Eupen, and the city serves as the capital for Belgium's German-speaking Community. The city has a small university, the Autonome Hochschule in der deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft, offering bachelor's degrees in Education and Nursing. In 2010, Eupen's association football team, K.A.S. Eupen, became the first club from the German-speaking Community to play in the Belgian Pro League. On 1 January 2006 Eupen had a total population of 18,248 (8,892 males and 9,356 females). The total area is which gives a population density of 175.90 inhabitants per km2. Eupen is considered in Belgium to be a Roman Catholic region with strongly conservative views.
Euskirchen is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Evangelical Church in Germany (Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, abbreviated EKD) is a federation of twenty Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and United (Prussian Union) Protestant regional churches and denominations in Germany, which collectively encompasses the vast majority of Protestants in that country.
Fußballclub Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04 e. V., commonly known as FC Schalke 04, Schalke or abbreviated as S04, is a professional German association-football club and multi-sports club originally from the Schalke district of Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
fDi Magazine is an English-language bi-monthly news and foreign direct investment (FDI) publication, providing an up-to-date review of global investment activity.
A federal republic is a federation of states with a republican form of government.
The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The flag of the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia is a horizontal tricolor consisting of green, white and red.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
Düsseldorfer Turn- und Sportverein Fortuna 1895 e.V. is a German association football club based in Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Franz Josef Heinrich Georg Meyers (31 July 1908 – 27 January 2002) was a German politician (CDU) and the 4th Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia between 21 July 1958 and 8 December 1966.
Frederick I (Friedrich I, Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January 1155 until his death.
The Free State of Lippe (Freistaat Lippe) was a German state formed after the Principality of Lippe was abolished following the German Revolution of 1918.
The Free State of Prussia (Freistaat Preußen) was a German state formed after the abolition of the Kingdom of Prussia in the aftermath of the First World War.
Fritz Steinhoff (23 November 1897 – 22 October 1969) was a German politician of the SPD.
Gamescom (stylized as gamescom) is a trade fair for video games held annually at the Koelnmesse in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Gütersloh is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Gelderland (also Guelders in English) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country.
Gelsenkirchen is a city in the North Rhine-Westphalia state of Germany.
Deutsches Reich was the official name for the German nation state from 1871 to 1945 in the German language.
The Excellence Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the German Research Foundation aims to promote cutting-edge research and to create outstanding conditions for young scholars at universities, to deepen cooperation between disciplines and institutions, to strengthen international cooperation of research, and to enhance the international appeal of excellent German universities.
The German-speaking Community of Belgium (Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft Belgiens, DG; Communauté germanophone de Belgique; Duitstalige Gemeenschap van België) or Eastern Belgium (Ostbelgien; Belgique de l'est; Oost-België) is one of the three federal communities of Belgium.
Germania Inferior ("Lower Germany") was a Roman province located on the west bank of the Rhine.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Grand Duchy of Berg (Großherzogtum Berg) was established by Napoleon Bonaparte after his victory at the 1805 Battle of Austerlitz on territories between the French Empire at the Rhine river and the German Kingdom of Westphalia.
The Grand Duchy of Oldenburg (also known as Holstein-Oldenburg) was a grand duchy within the German Confederation, North German Confederation and German Empire which consisted of three widely separated territories: Oldenburg, Eutin and Birkenfeld.
Grave Digger is a German heavy metal band, formed in 1980.
Hagen is the 41st-largest city in Germany.
Hamm (Latin: Hammona) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Hannelore Kraft (née Külzhammer; born 12 June 1961) is a German politician.
Haus Lange and Haus Esters are residential houses designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in Krefeld, Germany.
Höxter is a town in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the left bank of the river Weser, 52 km north of Kassel in the centre of the Weser Uplands.
Höxter is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.
Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany with the town of Heinsberg as its capital.
Heinz Kühn (18 February 1912 – 12 March 1992) was a German Social Democratic Party (SPD) politician and the 5th Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia between 8 December 1966 and 20 September 1978.
Hellenthal is a municipality in the district of Euskirchen in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Hengist and Horsa are legendary brothers said to have led the Angles, Saxons and Jutes in their invasion of Britain in the 5th century.
Henry the Lion (Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180.
Herford is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Herne is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Hesse or Hessia (Hessen, Hessian dialect: Hesse), officially the State of Hesse (German: Land Hessen) is a federal state (''Land'') of the Federal Republic of Germany, with just over six million inhabitants.
Hidden champions are relatively small but highly successful companies that are concealed behind a curtain of inconspicuousness, invisibility, and sometimes secrecy.
The Historical City Hall of Münster was one of the theatres of the negotiations of the Peace of Westphalia which concluded the Thirty Years' War in Europe and the Eighty Years' War between Spain and the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
Jewish settlers founded the Ashkenazi Jewish community in the Early (5th to 10th centuries CE) and High Middle Ages (circa 1000–1299 CE).
Hochsauerlandkreis (meaning “High Sauerland District” in German) is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Holy Moses is a German thrash metal band.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The Imperial Abbey of Corvey or Princely Abbey of Corvey (Stift Corvey or Fürstabtei Corvey) was a Benedictine abbey on the River Weser, 2 km northeast of Höxter, now in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Indian religions, sometimes also termed as Dharmic faiths or religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism.
Industrial heritage refers to the physical remains of the history of technology and industry, such as manufacturing and mining sites, as well as power and transportation infrastructure.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
Irreligion is prevalent in Germany.
The Iserlohn Roosters are a professional ice hockey team based in Iserlohn, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Owing to labour migration in the 1960s and several waves of political refugees since the 1970s, Islam has become a visible religion in Germany.
Jürgen Rüttgers (born 26 June 1951 in Cologne) is a German politician (CDU) who was the 9th Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia from 2005 to 2010.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Johannes Rau (16 January 193127 January 2006) was a German politician of the SPD.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
The Kahler Asten is an 841.9-metre-high mountain in the Rothaar range in the district of Hochsauerland, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Karl Arnold (21 March 1901 – 29 June 1958) was a German politician.
The Kölner Haie (Cologne Sharks) are an ice hockey club based in Cologne, Germany that plays in the professional Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL).
Kölsch is a beer brewed in Cologne, Germany.
The Kingdom of Hanover (Königreich Hannover) was established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Kingdom of Westphalia was a kingdom in Germany, with a population of 2.6 million, that existed from 1807 to 1813.
Kleve (Cleves in English use) or Kreis Kleve is a Kreis (local-government district) in northwestern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Kraftwerk ("power station") is a German band formed in Düsseldorf in 1970 by Ralf Hütter and Florian Schneider.
Kranenburg is a town and municipality in the district of Cleves in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Kreator is a German thrash metal band from Essen, formed in 1982.
Krefeld, also known as Crefeld until 1929, is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Krefeld Pinguine (Krefeld Penguins) are an ice hockey team in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.
The Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen is the art collection of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia, in Düsseldorf.
Kunststiftung NRW (art foundation NRW) is a foundation created by the government of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia is the state parliament (Landtag) of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia that convenes in the state capital of Düsseldorf, in the eastern part of the district of Hafen.
Langen Foundation near Neuss, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is a museum designed by Japanese architect Tadao Ando.
The Langenberg rises on the state border between North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse in Germany and, at, is the highest peak in the Rothaar mountain range, as well as the highest point in the North Rhine-Westphalia and also in the north of Germany outside the Harz Mountains.
Lünen (Luenen) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Left Bank of the Rhine (Linkes Rheinufer, Rive gauche du Rhin) was the region north of Lauterbourg, in present-day western Germany, that was conquered during the War of the First Coalition and annexed by France.
Lemgo is a university city in the Lippe district of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, 25km east from Bielefeld.
Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the eastern bank of the Rhine.
Lied für NRW or Hier an Rhein und Ruhr und in Westfalen is, since the 60th anniversary celebrations of North Rhine-Westphalia, a non-official regional anthem of this German Bundesland.
Limburg (Dutch and Limburgish: (Nederlands-)Limburg; Limbourg) is the southernmost of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.
Lippe is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Lippe is a river in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
As defined by the German Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development, a Großstadt (large city) is a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.
Germany is divided into 401 administrative districts; these consist of 294 rural districts (German: Kreise and Landkreise), and 107 urban districts (German: Kreisfreie Städte or, in Baden-Württemberg only, Stadtkreise – cities that constitute districts in their own right).
Lakes in the North Rhine-Westphalia state of Germany are.
The Minister-President of North Rhine-Westphalia (Ministerpräsident des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen) is the head of government of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW).
A list of rivers of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Lorraine (Lorrain: Louréne; Lorraine Franconian: Lottringe; German:; Loutrengen) is a cultural and historical region in north-eastern France, now located in the administrative region of Grand Est.
Lotharingia (Latin: Lotharii regnum) was a medieval successor kingdom of the Carolingian Empire, comprising the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany), Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany), Saarland (Germany), and Lorraine (France).
The Duchy of Lower Lorraine, or Lower Lotharingia (also referred to as Lothier or Lottier in titles), was a stem duchy established in 959, of the medieval Kingdom of Germany, which encompassed almost all of the modern Netherlands (including Friesland), central and eastern Belgium, Luxemburg, the northern part of the German Rhineland province and the eastern parts of France's Nord-Pas de Calais region.
The Lower Rhine (Niederrhein; kilometres 660 to 1,033 of the river Rhine) flows from Bonn, Germany, to the North Sea at Hoek van Holland, Netherlands (including the Nederrijn or "Nether Rhine" within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta); alternatively, Lower Rhine may be refer to the part upstream of Pannerdens Kop, excluding the Nederrijn.
The Lower Rhine region or Niederrhein is a region around the Lower Rhine section of the river Rhine in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany between approximately Oberhausen and Krefeld in the East and the Dutch border around Kleve in the West.
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Malmedy (German obsolete Malmünd) is a Walloon city and municipality of Belgium.
MARTa Herford is a contemporary art museum in Herford, Germany.
The Märkischer Kreis is a district (Kreis) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Mülheim an der Ruhr, also described as "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany.
RheinEnergieStadion is a German football stadium in Cologne.
Münster (Low German: Mönster; Latin: Monasterium, from the Greek μοναστήριον monastērion, "monastery") is an independent city (Kreisfreie Stadt) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Münster is one of the five Regierungsbezirks of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the north of the state, and named after the capital city of Münster.
The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century.
The metropolitan regions in Germany are eleven densely populated areas in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Mettmann is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Between Bingen and Bonn, Germany, the river Rhine flows as the Middle Rhine (Mittelrhein) through the Rhine Gorge, a formation created by erosion, which happened at about the same rate as an uplift in the region, leaving the river at about its original level, and the surrounding lands raised.
Minden-Lübbecke is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Mittelrhein (or Middle Rhine) is a region (Anbaugebiet) for quality wine in Germany,, read on January 2, 2008 and is located along a 120 km stretch of river Rhine in the tourist portions of the Rhine region known as Middle Rhine.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party.
Moers (older form: Mörs; archaic Dutch: Murse, Murs or Meurs) is a German city on the western bank of the Rhine.
Monschau (Montjoie, Mondjoye) is a small resort town in the Eifel region of western Germany, located in the district Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Moselle (la Moselle,; Mosel; Musel) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg, and Germany.
Meidericher Spielverein 02 e. V. Duisburg, commonly known as simply MSV Duisburg, is a German association football club based in Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Neuer Zollhof or Der Neue Zollhof (The New Zollhof), located at Neuer Zollhof 2-6, Unterbilk, is a prominent landmark of Düsseldorf-Hafen, part of the redeveloped port of Düsseldorf, Germany.
Neuss (spelled Neuß until 1968; Limburgish: Nüss; Latin: Novaesium) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The New Apostolic Church (NAC) is a chiliastic Christian church that split from the Catholic Apostolic Church during a 1863 schism in Hamburg, Germany.
A new religious movement (NRM), also known as a new religion or an alternative spirituality, is a religious or spiritual group that has modern origins and which occupies a peripheral place within its society's dominant religious culture.
The new federal states of Germany (die neuen Bundesländer) are the five re-established states in the former German Democratic Republic that acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany with its 10 states upon German reunification on 3 October 1990.
Niederzier is a municipality in the district of Düren in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Schloss Nordkirchen is a palace situated in the town of Nordkirchen in the Coesfeld administrative district in the state of North Rhine Westphalia, Germany.
The North German Plain or Northern Lowland (Norddeutsches Tiefland) is one of the major geographical regions of Germany.
The Province of North Rhine (Provinz Nordrhein), also called North Rhine Province (Nordrhein-Provinz or Nord-Rheinprovinz), was a short-lived administrative region in the British occupation zone of Germany, which was formed from the northern part of the Rhine Province after the end of the Second World War.
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.
The North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2010, was an election held on 9 May 2010, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2012 was a snap election held on 13 May 2012, to elect members to the Landtag of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, after the former Landtag was dissolved on 14 March 2012.
The NRW Forum Wirtschaft und Kultur or Forum NRW is a museum in Düsseldorf, the state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia, dealing with the development and the economy of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia or regions within it, e.g. the Rhine-Ruhr-region.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
The Oberbergischer Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Oberhausen is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen. The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
Olpe is a Kreis (district) in the south-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Osnabrück (Ossenbrügge; archaic Osnaburg) is a city in the federal state of Lower Saxony in north-west Germany.
Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (Otto der Große, Ottone il Grande), was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973.
The Ottonian dynasty (Ottonen) was a Saxon dynasty of German monarchs (919–1024), named after three of its kings and Holy Roman Emperors named Otto, especially its first Emperor Otto I. It is also known as the Saxon dynasty after the family's origin in the German stem duchy of Saxony.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Germany: Germany – federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe consisting of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty.
Overijssel (Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel) is a province of the Netherlands in the central-eastern part of the country.
The Pader is a river in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, left tributary of the Lippe.
Paderborn is a city in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district.
Paderborn is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Parkstadion was a multi-purpose stadium in Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, that is no longer used to host any major events.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
The Peace of Westphalia (Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster that virtually ended the European wars of religion.
Peer Steinbrück (born 10 January 1947) is a German politician who was the chancellor-candidate of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in the 2013 federal election.
Weser watershed The Porta Westfalica, also known as the Westphalian Gap, is a gorge and water gap where the Weser river runs through the passage between the mountain chains of the Wiehen Hills in the west and the Weser Hills (part of the Weser Uplands) in the east.
The Province of Westphalia was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1946.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
The Royal Prussian Army (Königlich Preußische Armee) served as the army of the Kingdom of Prussia.
Prussian Guelders or Prussian G(u)elderland (Pruisisch Gelre; Preußisch Geldern) was the part of the Duchy of Guelders ruled by the Kingdom of Prussia from 1713.
Rage is a German heavy metal band, formed in 1984 by Peter "Peavy" Wagner.
Rahden is a town in the far north of North Rhine-Westphalia between Bielefeld and Bremen and between Hanover and Osnabrück.
Recklinghausen is a Kreis (district) in the centre of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
A German Regierungsbezirk (often abbreviated to Reg.-Bez.; administrative district) is an administrative district of one of the nation's federal states.
Remscheid is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
The Rhein-Erft-Kreis is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Neuss is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis is a Kreis (district) in the Cologne Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Rheinstadion was a multi-purpose stadium, in Düsseldorf, Germany.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
The Rhine Province (Rheinprovinz), also known as Rhenish Prussia (Rheinpreußen) or synonymous with the Rhineland (Rheinland), was the westernmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia, within the German Reich, from 1822 to 1946.
The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region (Metropolregion Rhein-Ruhr) is the largest metropolitan region in Germany with over 10 million inhabitants.
The Rhineland (Rheinland, Rhénanie) is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.
Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of the 16 states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Ripuarian or Rhineland Franks (Latin: Ripuarii or Ribuarii) were one of the two main groupings of early Frankish people, and specifically it was the name eventually applied to the tribes who settled in the old Roman territory of the Ubii, with its capital at Cologne on the Rhine river in modern Germany.
Rot-Weiß Oberhausen is a German association football club in Oberhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Rot-Weiss Essen is a German association football club based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Rothaar Mountains (Rothaargebirge,, also Rotlagergebirge), or Rothaar, is a low mountain range reaching heights of up to 843.1 m in North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse, Germany.
Rudolf Amelunxen (30 June 1888 – 21 April 1969) was a German politician of the Zentrum and the 1st Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia between 23 August 1946 and 17 June 1947.
The Ruhr (Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region, Ruhr area or Ruhr valley, is a polycentric urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
__notoc__ The Ruhr is a river in western Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia), a right tributary (east-side) of the Rhine.
The Ruhr-University Bochum (German: Ruhr-Universität Bochum, RUB), located on the southern hills of central Ruhr area Bochum, was founded in 1962 as the first new public university in Germany after World War II.
Ruhrstadion, known as Vonovia Ruhrstadion due to a sponsorship deal, is a football stadium in Bochum, Germany.
The Ruhrtriennale is an annual music and arts festival in the Ruhr area of Germany which runs between mid-August and mid-October.
RWTH Aachen University or Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule AachenRWTH is the abbreviation of Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, which translates into "Rheinish-Westphalian Technical University".
The Sauerland is a rural, hilly area spreading across most of the south-eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, in parts heavily forested and, apart from the major valleys, sparsely inhabited.
The Saxon Wars, also called the Saxon War or Saxon Uprising (not to be confused with the Saxon Rebellion of 1073-75), were the campaigns and insurrections of the more than thirty years from 772, when Charlemagne first entered Saxony with the intent to conquer, to 804, when the last rebellion of disaffected tribesmen was crushed.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.
SC Fortuna Köln is a German association football club playing in the city of Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Sport-Club Paderborn 07 e.V., commonly known as simply SC Paderborn 07 or SC Paderborn, is a German association football club based in Paderborn, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Scanner is a German power metal band that was formed in 1986.
Selfkant (Selfkant or Zelfkant) is a municipality in the Heinsberg district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Sicambri, also known as the Sugambri or Sicambrians, were a Germanic people who during Roman times lived on the east bank of the Rhine river, in what is now Germany, near the border with the Netherlands.
The Siebengebirge, occasionally Sieben Mountains, are a hill range of the German Central Uplands on the east bank of the Middle Rhine, southeast of Bonn.
Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Siegerland is a region of Germany covering the old district of Siegen (now part of the district of Siegen-Wittgenstein in North Rhine-Westphalia) and the upper part of the district of Altenkirchen, belonging to the Rhineland-Palatinate adjoining it to the west.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
Sodom is a German thrash metal band from Gelsenkirchen, formed in 1981.
Soest is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Speed metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music that originated in the late 1970s from new wave of British heavy metal (NWOBHM) roots.
Sportfreunde Siegen is a German association football club based in Siegen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Lutheran Protestant Church of St.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Steinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Tencteri or Tenchteri or Tenctheri (in Plutarch's Greek, Tenteritē and possibly the same as the Tenkeroi mentioned by Claudius Ptolemy if these were not the Tungri) were an ancient tribe, who moved into the area on the right bank (the northern or eastern bank) of the lower Rhine in the 1st century BC.
The Teutoburg Forest (Teutoburger Wald,, colloquially: Teuto) is a range of low, forested hills in the German states of Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Thrash metal (or simply thrash) is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music characterized by its overall aggression and often fast tempo.
The Tihange Nuclear Power Station is one of two nuclear energy production sites in Belgium and contains 3 nuclear power plants.
The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July 1807 in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland.
The Treaty of Verdun, signed in August 843, was the first of the treaties that divided the Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms among the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious, who was the son of Charlemagne.
The Ubii around AD 30 The Ubii were a Germanic tribe first encountered dwelling on the right bank of the Rhine in the time of Julius Caesar, who formed an alliance with them in 55 BC in order to launch attacks across the river.
The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is a university in Cologne, Germany.
The Unna district is a Kreis (district) in central North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Usipetes or Usipii (in Plutarch's Greek, Ousipai, and possibly the same as the Ouispoi of Claudius Ptolemy) were an ancient tribe who moved into the area on the right bank (the northern or eastern bank) of the lower Rhine in the 1st century BC, putting them in contact with Gaul and the Roman empire.
A vassal state is any state that is subordinate to another.
Verein für Leibesübungen Bochum 1848 Fußballgemeinschaft, commonly referred to as simply VfL Bochum, is a German association football club based in the city of Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Viersen is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Wallonia (Wallonie, Wallonie(n), Wallonië, Walonreye, Wallounien) is a region of Belgium.
The War of the Limburg Succession, was a series of conflicts between 1283 and 1289 for the succession in the Duchy of Limburg.
Warendorf is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Warlock were a German heavy metal band, founded in 1982 with members of the underground bands Snakebite and Beast.
Wesel is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany.
The Weser Uplands (German: Weserbergland) is a hill region (Bergland.
The Weser Hills (Wesergebirge), also known in German as the Weserkette ("Weser Chain"), form a low hill chain, up to, in the Weser Uplands in the German states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
Western esotericism (also called esotericism and esoterism), also known as the Western mystery tradition, is a term under which scholars have categorised a wide range of loosely related ideas and movements which have developed within Western society.
Westfalenstadion is a football stadium in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, which is the home of Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund.
Westphalia (Westfalen) is a region in northwestern Germany and one of the three historic parts of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Westphalian Lowland, also known as the Westphalian Basin is a flat landscape that mainly lies within the German region of Westphalia, although small areas also fall within North Rhine (in the extreme southwest) and in Lower Saxony (on the northern periphery).
Westphalian sovereignty, or state sovereignty, is the principle of international law that each nation-state has exclusive sovereignty over its territory.
Widukind, also known as Widuking or Wittekind, was a leader of the Saxons and the chief opponent of the Frankish king Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 777 to 785.
The Wiehen Hills (Wiehengebirge, also locally, just Wiehen) are a hill range in North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony in Germany.
The term Wirtschaftswunder ("economic miracle"), also known as The Miracle on the Rhine, describes the rapid reconstruction and development of the economies of West Germany and Austria after World War II (adopting an Ordoliberalism-based social market economy).
Wolfgang Clement (born 7 July 1940 in Bochum) is a German politician.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in and around the Wupper valley, east of Düsseldorf and south of the Ruhr.
The Wuppertal Suspension Railway (Wuppertaler Schwebebahn) is a suspension railway in Wuppertal, Germany.
Wuppertaler SV is a German association football club located in Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Zeche Zollern II/IV (translated: Zollern II/IV Colliery) is located in the northwestern suburb of Bövinghausen of Dortmund, Germany.
The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex (German Zeche Zollverein) is a large former industrial site in the city of Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The 1974 FIFA World Cup, the tenth staging of the World Cup, was held in West Germany (including West Berlin) from 13 June to 7 July.
The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament.
The 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup was the sixth FIFA Women's World Cup competition, the world championship for women's national association football teams.
Landschaftsverband, Landschaftsverbände, NRW, Nord Rhein Westphalia, Nordrhein Westfalen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Nordrhein-Westfalen State, Germany, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, Nordrheinwestfalen, North Rhine - Westphalia, North Rhine Westphalia, North Rhine – Westphalia, North Rhine-Westfalia, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, North-Rhine Westphalia, North-Rhine-Westphalia, North-Rhine-Westphalian, Northern Rhine Westphalia, Northern Rhine-Westphalia, Northrhine-Westfalia, Northrhine-Westphalia, Nrw.