1642 relations: A roads in Zone 5 of the Great Britain numbering scheme, A roads in Zone 6 of the Great Britain numbering scheme, A Taste of Honey (film), A34 road, A483 road, A49 road, A50 road, A51 road, A5117 road, A530 road, A533 road, A537 road, A538 road, A54 road, A55 road, A555 road, A56 road, A560 road, A562 road, A575 road, A580 road, A583 road, A584 road, A585 road, A587 road, A588 road, A59 road, A590 road, A591 road, A595 road, A596 road, A6 road (England), A6144(M) motorway, A62 road, A627(M) motorway, A635 road, A66 road, A671 road, A678 road, A689 road, A74 road, A74(M) and M74 motorways, Aalborg, ABB Group, Abram Lyle, Absorption (acoustics), AC power, Accrington, Accrington Stanley F.C., Active radar homing, ..., ADABAS, Adidas, Adjustable-speed drive, Adlington, Cheshire, Admiral Sportswear, Agecroft Colliery, Agilent Technologies, Ainsdale, Aintree, Air-to-air missile, Airborne Forces Experimental Establishment, Aircraft engine, Airline hub, Alastair Pilkington, Albert, Somme, Albion Motors, Alcoa, Alcopop, Alderley Park, Alenia Marconi Systems, Alfasound, ALICE (accelerator), Allerdale, Almelo, Alpla, Alsager, Alstom, Altena, Altham, Lancashire, Altrincham, Altrincham and Sale West (UK Parliament constituency), Altrincham Grammar School for Boys, Altrincham Grammar School for Girls, Ambleside, Amcor, Amec Foster Wheeler, American Airlines, American Axle, AMS Neve, Amsterdam, Anastrozole, Anchorsholme, Andre Geim, Angers, Anglo-Scottish border, Angoulême, Anheuser-Busch InBev, Ann Lee, Anthorn Radio Station, AP1000, Apeks, APPH, Aquinas College, Stockport, Arado Ar 234, Arc lamp, ArcelorMittal Orbit, Archbishop Beck Catholic Sports College, Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Armentières, Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire, Arnside and Silverdale, Arthur Wynne, Asahi Glass Co., Ashton Sixth Form College, Ashton upon Mersey, Ashton-in-Makerfield, Ashton-under-Lyne, ASICS, Aspatria railway station, Aspire (sculpture), ASRAAM, Assembly line, Associated British Hat Manufacturers, Associated Electrical Industries, Assystem, Astmoor, AstraZeneca, ATEX directive, Atherton, Greater Manchester, Atlas (computer), Atmosphere (unit), Atomic clock, Atomic nucleus, Atomic theory, Auditorium, Austenite, Autoliv, Automatic transmission, Avecia, Avenham, Aventas group, Avro, Avro Lancaster, Avro Tudor, Avro Vulcan, Axial compressor, Électricité de France, Ústí nad Labem, B & M, BAC Mustard, BAE Chadderton, BAe Dynamics, BAE Systems, BAE Systems Land & Armaments, BAE Systems Maritime – Submarines, BAE Systems Military Air & Information, BAE Systems Regional Aircraft, Balderstone, Lancashire, Balfour Beatty, Ball Corporation, Ball valve, Bamber Bridge, Barbie, Bargain Booze, Barnoldswick, Barrow Raiders, Barrow Sixth Form College, Barrow-in-Furness, Barrow/Walney Island Airport, Barthomley, Basell Polyolefins, BASF, Basketball Arena (London), Baxi, Béziers, BBC Look North (North East and Cumbria), BBC Look North (Yorkshire and North Midlands), BBC National Programme, BBC North East and Cumbria, BBC North West, BBC North West Tonight, BBC Radio Cumbria, BBC Radio Lancashire, BBC Radio Manchester, BBC Radio Merseyside, Beat music, Beetham, Beetham Organization, Belfast, Belle Vue Stadium, Belt (mechanical), Bengbu, Bensons for Beds, Benteler International, Bentley, Bentley Crewe, Benzaldehyde, Beta blocker, Betfred, Bibby Line, Bicalutamide, Bickershaw, Bielefeld, Big D (peanuts), BillerudKorsnäs, Biopharmaceutical, Biosynthesis, Birchwood Park, Birchwood railway station, Birkenhead, Birthdays (retailer), Bispham High School Arts College, Bisto, Black British, Blackamoor, Lancashire, Blackburn, Blackburn College (Blackburn with Darwen), Blackburn Rovers F.C., Blackburn with Darwen, Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council, Blackley, Blackpool, Blackpool Airport, Blackpool and The Fylde College, Blackpool branch lines, Blackpool F.C., Blackpool Gazette, Blackpool North railway station, Blackpool Sixth Form College, Blowick, Bob the Builder, Boddingtons Brewery, Bollington, Bolton, Bolton College, Bolton Sixth Form College, Bolton Wanderers F.C., Bombardier Transportation, Bootle, Borough of Barrow-in-Furness, Borough of Burnley, Borough of Chorley, Borough of Copeland, Borough of Fylde, Borough of Halton, Bottrop, Bramhall, Bredbury, Breville, Bridgewater Canal, Brierfield, Lancashire, Briggs Automotive Company, Brimstone (missile), Bristol-Myers Squibb, Britannia Hotels, British Aerospace 146, British African-Caribbean people, British Aircraft Corporation, British Airways, British Asian, British Board of Film Classification, British Cattle Movement Service, British Chinese, British Cycling, British Energy, British Gas, British Midland International, British Nuclear Fuels Ltd, British Rail Class 43 (HST), British Salt, British space programme, British Swimming (organisation), British Thomson-Houston, British Touring Car Championship, British United Airways, Broad Crag, Broadheath, Greater Manchester, Brother Industries, Broughton, Salford, Bryant and May, Bryning-with-Warton, Buddhism, Burneside, Burnley, Burnley College, Burnley F.C., Burton's Biscuit Company, Burtonwood, Bury, Bury College, Bury F.C., Bury St Edmunds, Business jet, Butyllithium, Byrchall High School, Cabin pressurization, Cadbury Fingers, Caldbeck transmitting station, Calder Valley line, Calendar (ITV), Calico Printers' Association, Camelot Group, Cammell Laird, Canary Islands, Capenhurst, Capita, Capital Liverpool, Capital Manchester, Capital North West and Wales, Capreomycin, Carbon steel, Carcraft, Cargo, Cumbria, Carlisle Kingmoor TMD, Carlisle Lake District Airport, Carlisle United F.C., Carlisle, Cumbria, Carmel College (St Helens), Carnforth, Carrington, Greater Manchester, Cash Generator, Castlefield, Castleton, Greater Manchester, Catholic Church, Córdoba, Spain, Ceftazidime, Cefuroxime, Central Landing Establishment, Centrica, Cephalosporin, Ceremonial counties of England, CFM (radio), Chadderton, Chain Home, Chalk River Laboratories, Challenge Cup, Chalon-sur-Saône, Champagnole, Charles Suckling, Chat Moss, Chaumont, Haute-Marne, Cheadle (UK Parliament constituency), Cheadle and Marple Sixth Form College, Cheadle Heath, Cheadle Hulme, Check valve, Chemnitz, Chemtura, Cheshire, Cheshire cheese, Cheshire County Council, Cheshire East, Cheshire Plain, Cheshire West and Chester, Chester, Chorley, Christopher Hinton, Baron Hinton of Bankside, Christy (towel manufacturer), Church, Lancashire, Circulon, CIS Tower, City Airport & Heliport (Manchester), City of Carlisle, City of Lancaster, City of Liverpool College, City of Preston, Lancashire, City of Salford, Clarke Energy, Clatterbridge Hospital, Clayton-le-Moors, Clermont-Ferrand, Cleveleys, Clifford Cocks, Clitheroe, Clitheroe Royal Grammar School, Clyde Arc, Co-op Food, Cockerham, Cockermouth, Colne, Cologne, Coloroll, Comfort (fabric softener), Common Brittonic, Compass Minerals, Congleton, Conishead Priory, Conurbation, Cookware and bakeware, Copper Box Arena, Copper tubing, Cott, Cotton Traders, Cottonopolis, Countries of the United Kingdom by GVA per capita, Countries of the United Kingdom by population, Craghoppers, Crane Merchandising Systems, Crankshaft, Creamfields, Crewe, Crewe Alexandra F.C., Crewe Green, Crewe Hall, Crewe Works, Crewe–Derby line, Crewe–Manchester line, Crimplene, Croda International, Crosby, Merseyside, Crossens, Crossword, Crown Paints, Crown Wallpaper, Crumpsall, Cumberland, Cumbria, Cumbria County Council, Cumbrian dialect, Cumbric, Cummersdale, Currency detector, Curtain wall (architecture), Cushman & Wakefield, Cyclotron, Dabs.com, Daily Express, Daily Express Building, Manchester, Daily Star (United Kingdom), Dairy Crest, Daisy Group, Dalton, Pennsylvania, Dalton-in-Furness, Dane Road tram stop, Daresbury, Darts, Darwen, Datong, Dave Whelan, DBS Civilian HR, DCC plc, De Havilland Firestreak, De La Rue, Dee 106.3, Defence Bills Agency, Defence Business Services, Delta Air Lines, Dennis Eagle, Denton, Greater Manchester, Department for Transport, Deptford Power Station, DHL Freight, Diageo, Digestive biscuit, Digital switchover dates in the United Kingdom, Dinosaur, Diodes Incorporated, Direct bank, Disability Living Allowance, Disclosure and Barring Service, Distribution board, Distribution network operator, Ditton, Cheshire, Diving equipment, Diving regulator, DNA paternity testing, DNV GL, Domicile (law), Douglas, Isle of Man, Dovenby Hall, Dr. Oetker, Droylsden, DS Smith, Dublin, Dukinfield, Dulux, Dune FM, DXC Technology, Eastham Oil Terminal, Eastham, Merseyside, Eastman Chemical Company, EasyJet, Eaton Corporation, Eccles, Greater Manchester, Eccleston, Cheshire, Eden District, Edenfield, Edge Hill University, Edge Lane, Edmundson Electrical, Edwin Foden, Sons & Co., Einhell, Electrical engineering, Electrical substation, Electrical wiring, Electrical wiring in the United Kingdom, Electricity North West, Electrium, Electromagnet, Electron diffraction, Eli Lilly and Company, Elihu Thomson, Ellesmere Port, Ellesmere Port–Warrington line, Elton, Cheshire, Emirates (airline), Emley Moor transmitting station, EMMA (accelerator), English Electric, English Football League, English language in Northern England, Enriched uranium, Enterprise plc, Envirolink Northwest, EPR (nuclear reactor), ERF (truck manufacturer), Ernest Marsden, ESR Technology, Eternit, ETFE, Ethel Austin, Ethylene, European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, European Parliament election, 2009 (United Kingdom), Eurostat, Euston railway station, Everton F.C., ExxonMobil, F. Duerr & Sons, Failsworth, Faisalabad, Faiveley Transport, Falkenberg, Farington, Farnworth, Fazakerley, Federation of Small Businesses, Ferranti, Ferranti Mark 1, FFAG accelerator, Fifteen Guinea Special, Fighter aircraft, Filing cabinet, Financial Times, Findel plc, First Choice Airways, First Milk (company), Fish and chips, Fleetwood, Fleetwood Town F.C., Fleetwood, Pennsylvania, Flensburg, Flimby, Float glass, Flybe, Focus DIY, Foodservice, Football pools, Ford Escort (Europe), Ford Mondeo, Ford of Europe, Ford Trafford Park Factory, Ford Valencia Plant, Forest of Bowland, Formby, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Foulridge, Four Seasons Health Care, Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, Francis Herbert Wenham, Frank Hornby, Franke (company), Frederick's Dairies, Freudenberg Group, Frodsham, FTSE 100 Index, Fuel card, Fulfillment house, Fulvestrant, Fulwood, Lancashire, Furness, Furness College, Barrow-in-Furness, G-suit, GABA receptor, Garston, Liverpool, Gas Control Equipment Ltd, Gate valve, Gateshead, Gatley, Gazprom, Gdańsk, GEC Traction, Geesthacht, Geiger counter, Geiger–Marsden experiment, General anaesthetic, General Electric, General Electric Company, Geogrid, George Johnstone Stoney, George Paget Thomson, Getrag, Gift Aid, Gift card, Girlguiding, Girobank, Givaudan, Gladstone Dock, GlenDimplex, Godley, Greater Manchester, Golborne, Golden syrup, Gorse Hill, Goserelin, Government Office, Grammar school, Granada Reports, Grand Central Stockport, Graphene, Great Britain at the 2016 Summer Olympics, Great Britain commemorative stamps 2010–19, Great Britain road numbering scheme, Great Sankey, Greater London, Greater Manchester, Greater Manchester Built-up Area, Greater Manchester Combined Authority, Growth hormone, Guide Bridge railway station, Guinness, Gulf Oil, Gwyneth Dunwoody, Habergham Eaves, Halebank, Halewood, Halewood Academy, Halewood Body & Assembly, Halewood International, Halothane, Halton Borough Council, Handforth, Handforth Dean, Hans Geiger, Hans Renold, Hanson Cement, Hapsford, Hardknott Pass, Hartley's, Haslingden, Hayange, Haydock, Hazel Grove, Hazel Grove (UK Parliament constituency), Health and Safety Executive, Heart North Lancashire & Cumbria, Heart North West, Heaton Park, Heilbronn, Heimbach Group, Hem, Nord, Henkel, Henry Brunner, Henry Tate, Heysham, Heywood, Greater Manchester, High voltage, Highways England, Hilden, Hindi, Hindley, Greater Manchester, Hindu, Hip replacement, Histon and Impington, Hits Radio, HM Prison Liverpool, HM Prison Manchester, HMS Plym (K271), Hollinwood tram stop, Holme Moss, Holy Cross College (UK), Home Bargains, HomeForm Group, Hoole, Hope Technology, Hopwood Hall College, Horwich, Hot Animation, Housekeeping, Hugh Baird College, Hulme Walfield, Huncoat railway station, Hunt's Cross, Hurdsfield, North Dakota, Huyton, Hyde, Greater Manchester, Hyndburn, IBM 3270, Ice cream van, Icing (food), Iggesund Paperboard, IKEA, Ilford Photo, Imperial Chemical Industries, Independent Safeguarding Authority, Indices of deprivation 2007, Individual Savings Account, Industrial park, Industrial Revolution, Ineos, Influenza vaccine, Infrared homing, Ingvar Kamprad, Injection molding machine, Inland Revenue, Innospec, Innovia Films, Inter-city rail, InterCity (British Rail), InterCity 125, International airport, International Cheese Awards, International Netball Federation, International Nuclear Services, Irish migration to Great Britain, Irish Sea, Irlam, Iron Age, Isle of Man, Isle of Man Steam Packet Company, Italians in the United Kingdom, Itron, ITV Granada, ITV Tyne Tees & Border, J. J. Thomson, J. Lyons and Co., Jacob's, Jaffa Cakes, Jaguar Cars, Jaguar Land Rover, Jaguar X-Type, James Brindley, James H. Ellis, James Hargreaves, Janome, Jarden, JD Sports, Jelly Babies, Jennings Brewery, Jet2.com, JJB Sports, Jobseeker's Allowance, John Benjamin Dancer, John Charnley, John Dalton, John Gilbert (agent), John Lewis Partnership, John Rex Whinfield, John West Foods, Johnson Matthey, Johnsons Cleaners UK, Joseph Crosfield, Joseph Holt's Brewery, Joseph Huddart, Joseph Livesey, Jura Elektroapparate, Jysk (store), Kalisz, Katowice Steelworks, Kawneer, Kayaba Industry, Kelbrook, Kellogg's, Kemira GrowHow, Kendal, Kerry Group, Keswick, Cumbria, KFC, Killarney, King George V College, King James Version, Kingdom of Northumbria, Kingmoor, Kingston upon Hull, Kirkby, Kirklees, Kitchen sink realism, Kleeneze, KME Group, Knauf Insulation, Knowsley Community College, Konstantin Novoselov, Kozloduy, Kranj, Krauss-Maffei, Krones, Laing O'Rourke, Lake County, Illinois, Lake District, Lakeland (company), Lamb's, Lambrini, Lancashire, Lancashire County Council, Lancashire dialect, Lancashire Evening Post, Lancashire Telegraph, Lancaster and Morecambe College, Lancaster Girls' Grammar School, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire, Land Rover Freelander, Landing gear, Landsberg am Lech, Laporte plc, Larne, Lathom, Latin American migration to the United Kingdom, Laundry detergent, Layton, Blackpool, Lörrach, Lünen, Le Mans, Lea-by-Backford, Leasowe, Leasowe railway station, LEC Refrigeration, LED lamp, Ledsham, Cheshire, Lee Valley VeloPark, Leeds, Leek, Staffordshire, Leicestershire, Leigh Centurions, Leigh, Greater Manchester, Leiria, Lex Autolease, Leyland Trucks, Leyland, Lancashire, Lifeboat (shipboard), Linear particle accelerator, Linnyshaw, List of Cadbury products, List of ceremonial counties in England by gross value added, List of English football champions, List of largest companies by revenue, List of newspapers in the United Kingdom, List of polyurethane applications, List of universities in the United Kingdom by enrolment, Lists of schools in England, Litherland, Lithium Corporation of America, Little Hulton, Littlewoods, Live attenuated influenza vaccine, Liverpool, Liverpool and Manchester Railway, Liverpool Blue Coat School, Liverpool Daily Post, Liverpool Echo, Liverpool F.C., Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool James Street railway station, Liverpool John Lennon Airport, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool Lime Street railway station, Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral, Liverpool Urban Area, Liverpool Walton (UK Parliament constituency), Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool–Manchester lines, LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0, Local transport plan, London Stadium, Longdendale, Lookaround, Loreto College, Manchester, Loreto Grammar School, Lostock Gralam, Lostock, Bolton, Love on the Dole, Loyalty program, Lucchini RS, Ludwig Mond, Lufthansa, Lviv, LyondellBasell, Lytham St Annes, M-Sport, M53 motorway, M55 motorway, M56 motorway, M57 motorway, M58 motorway, M6 motorway, M60 motorway, M61 motorway, M62 motorway, M65 motorway, M66 motorway, M67 motorway, Macclesfield, Macclesfield College, Madchester, Maersk, Maghull, Magna International, Makro, Malcolm J. Williamson, MAN Energy Solutions, Manchester, Manchester Airport, Manchester Airports Group, Manchester Baby, Manchester Central (UK Parliament constituency), Manchester Central by-election, 2012, Manchester City F.C., Manchester dialect, Manchester docks, Manchester Evening News, Manchester Liverpool Road railway station, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester Piccadilly station, Manchester Ship Canal, Manchester United F.C., Manchester Velodrome, Mangalloy, Manual transmission, MANWEB, Marks & Spencer, Marple, Greater Manchester, Marshmallow, Marton, Blackpool, Maryland Cookies, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Marzipan, Matalan, Match, Matra, Mölnlycke Health Care, MBDA, McDonald's, McVitie's, Meccano, Meccano Ltd, Mechanics' Institute, Manchester, Medical gas supply, MedImmune, Megalopolis, Meols Cop railway station, Mersey Match Factory, Merseyside, Metered-dose inhaler, Methyl methacrylate, Metropolitan area, Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Metropolitan county, Metropolitan-Vickers F.2, Meyer Corporation, Michael Perrin, Microform, Microphotograph, Mid Cheshire College, Mid-Cheshire line, Middle Ages, Middleton, Greater Manchester, Middlewich, Mike Leigh, Milburn, Cumbria, Milliken & Company, Mills Hill railway station, Milnrow, Mixed (United Kingdom ethnicity category), Mixing console, Mobberley, Moers, Monarch Airlines, Monetary Policy Committee, Mons, Monster Munch, Montebello Islands, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, Moorside Edge transmitting station, Morecambe, Morecambe Bay, Morecambe F.C., Moreton railway station (Merseyside), Moreton, Merseyside, Mornflake, Moses Gate, MOSFET, Moss Side, Moss Side, South Ribble, Mossley, Mullard, Multiple deprivation index, Museums Act 1845, Mutare, N Brown Group, Nacelle, Nantwich, Narbonne, NASA, Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company, National Cycling Centre, National Football Museum, National Nuclear Laboratory, National parks of England and Wales, National Savings and Investments, National Squash Centre, National Tyres and Autocare, Natural History Museum, London, Náchod, Nîmes, Needle valve, Nelson, Lancashire, Nenthead, Nestlé, Neston, Network Rail, New Balance, New Strand Shopping Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, News and Star, Newton Heath, Newton with Clifton, Newton-le-Willows, Nichols plc, No. 1 Parachute Training School RAF, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, Norbert Dentressangle, Norfolkline, Norse Merchant Ferries, North East England, North Manchester General Hospital, North Wales, North West England (European Parliament constituency), North West Regional Assembly, North West Regional Leaders Board, North West Water, Northenden, Northern England, Northern Ireland, Northwest Regional Development Agency, Northwich, NORWEB, Novartis, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, Nuclear fuel, Nuclear power, Nuclear power in the United Kingdom, Nuclear weapon, NuGeneration, NXP Semiconductors, Nynas, Ocean Finance, Odessa, Office for National Statistics, Office for Nuclear Regulation, OK Diner, OK!, Old English, Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, Oldham, Oldham Athletic A.F.C., Oldham College, Oldham Evening Chronicle, Oldham R.L.F.C., Oldham Sixth Form College, ONS coding system, Ontario, Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan, Operation Hurricane, Orano, Ordsall, Greater Manchester, Organofluorine chemistry, Organometallic chemistry, Orion Optics, Ormskirk, Osborne Reynolds, Osram, Oswaldtwistle, Other White, Oulton Park, Outline of England, Owen Williams (engineer), Oxfordshire, Ozone layer, Ozone–oxygen cycle, P&O Irish Sea, Paderborn, Pampers, Paper towel, Parsonage Colliery, Patricroft, Payment card, Péronne, Somme, Peak District, Pears (soap), Peine, Pendle, Pendle Hill, Pendle Water, Pendlebury, Penguin (biscuit), Pennines, Penrith, Cumbria, Pentair, Penwortham, Permanent marker, Persil, Personal Independence Payment, Pets at Home, Philae (spacecraft), Photodissociation, Physical geography, Pilkington, Pilsworth, Plastic bottle, Plutonium-239, PMT Italia, Poles, Polish language, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polyester, Polyether ether ketone, Polyethylene, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polypropylene, Pontins, Port of Liverpool, Port Sunlight, Potato chip, Poulton-le-Fylde, Power station, Premier Foods, Premier League, Premium Bond, Preston Brook, Preston North End F.C., Preston's College, Preston, Lancashire, Prestwich, Priestley College, Prince's Dock, Liverpool, Princes Group, Printing press, Pritt, Process engineering, Procion, Procter & Gamble, Propranolol, Proton therapy, Public library, Public-key cryptography, Puerto Cabezas, Pulmonology, Punjabi language, PZ Cussons, Quakers, Quango, Quay Street, Queen's Dock, Port of Liverpool, QVC (UK), R&R Ice Cream, Radcliffe, Greater Manchester, Radio City (Liverpool), Radio Wave 96.5, RAF Hooton Park, RAF Ringway, RAF Woodvale, Railex, Rainford College, Rallying, Rampside Gas Terminal, Ramsbottom, Random-access memory, Range Rover Evoque, Rank Hovis McDougall, Rapier (missile), Rawtenstall, Reach plc, Recklinghausen, Recusancy, Reddish, Reddish South railway station, Redvales, Reebok, Regatta (clothing), Regional assembly (England), Regions of England, Rehovot, Relief valve, Rendsburg, Republic of Ireland, Resolution-class submarine, Reutlingen, Revolution Bars Group, Reynolds number, Ribble Valley, Ribble Valley line, Richard Owen, Ring road, Rinteln, Rio de Janeiro, River Bela, River Bollin, River Caldew, River Cocker, Cumbria, River Croal, River Dane, River Douglas (Lancashire), River Eden, Cumbria, River Irk, River Kent, River Lune, River Ribble, Robert Hope-Jones, Robert Whitehead, Robertson's, Rochdale, Rochdale A.F.C., Rochdale Hornets, Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, Rock FM, ROF Kirkby, ROF Radway Green, ROF Risley, Rolls-Royce Holdings, Rolls-Royce Merlin, Rolls-Royce Trent 700, Romiley, Roosecote Power Station, Rossendale, Royal Air Force, Royal Birkdale Golf Club, Royal Dutch Shell, Royal Liver Assurance, Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club, Royal Navy, Royton, RSA (cryptosystem), Runcorn, Runshaw College, Ruppichteroth, Russell Hobbs, Ryanair, Saarlouis Body & Assembly, Saddleworth, Safran, Sahiwal, Sailly-sur-la-Lys, Saint Petersburg, Saint-Bris-le-Vineux, Saint-Gobain, Saint-Ouen, Seine-Saint-Denis, Sale, Greater Manchester, Salford City College, Salford Museum and Art Gallery, Salford Quays, Salford Red Devils, Salford, Greater Manchester, Salt in Cheshire, Salt mining, Salwick, Samlesbury, Samlesbury Aerodrome, Sandale transmitting station, Sandbach, Sandymoor, Sanitec, Sankey Viaduct, Sarson's, Sawmill, Słupsk, SCA (company), Scafell Pike, Scandinavia, Schorndorf, Scotland, Scottish & Newcastle, Scottish Borders, Scottish Power, Scouse, Scrubs (clothing), Sealy Corporation, Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, Sector Skills Councils, Sedbergh, Sefton Council, Sellafield, Sellafield Ltd, Sellotape, Selm, Semi-trailer, Senigallia, Senior plc, Sens, Service Personnel and Veterans Agency, Severfield, Sewing machine, SGS S.A., Shakers, Sharps Bedrooms, Sharston, Sharwood's, Shaw and Crompton, Shaw National Distribution Centre, Shock absorber, Shop Direct, Sikh, Silentnight, Silica gel, Silk, Simon Carves, Simonstone, Lancashire, Singapore Airlines, Sink, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, Sir John Deane's College, Sira (notified body), Skelmersdale, Skipton, Smile (bank), Smooth Lake District, SNCF, Sock Shop, Sofology, Solway Coast, Soreen, South Cheshire College, South East England, South Lakeland, South Ribble, South Turton, Southport, Southport (UK Parliament constituency), Southport College, Spade, Speedy Hire, Speke, Spinning jenny, Spinning wheel, Sportcity, Sportech, Springfields, St Helens College, St Helens Junction railway station, St Helens R.F.C., St Helens, Merseyside, St John Rigby College, Wigan, St. Mary's College, Blackburn, Stalybridge, Standard English, Standish, Greater Manchester, Stanlow Refinery, Starchaser Industries, Steinhoff International, Stella Artois, Stena Line, Stepping Hill Hospital, Steve England, Steve Rotheram, Stiebel Eltron, Stobart Group, Stockport, Stockport College, Stockton and Darlington Railway, Stoke-on-Trent, Stonebridge Park, Liverpool, Stored-program computer, Strangeways Brewery, Stratosphere, Street furniture, Stretford, Structural steel, Stubbins, Stuttgart, Suffragette, Sunsilk, Supersonic speed, Surf (detergent), Surface-to-air missile, Surgical mask, Survitec Group, Sutton Weaver, Sutton, St Helens, Swinton Lions, Swinton, Greater Manchester, Sydney Chapman (mathematician), Székesfehérvár, T. J. Hughes, Takeuchi Manufacturing, Takt time, TalkTalk Business, Tameside, Tamoxifen, Tamworth, Staffordshire, Tangerine Confectionery, Tank truck, Tarbock, Tata Chemicals Europe, Tata Steel Europe, Tate, Tautliner, Tczew, TDG Limited, Team GB, Teenage pregnancy in the United Kingdom, Telecommunications cable, Teledyne Technologies, Telephone card, Television licensing in the United Kingdom, Temperance movement, Terrycloth, Thales Group, Thales Underwater Systems, Thalidomide, The Bee (radio station), The Blue Coat School, Oldham, The Bolton News, The Co-operative Bank, The Distillers Company, The Fylde, The Jeremy Kyle Show, The Leader (Chester newspaper), The Mail (Cumbria), The Manchester College, The Midlands, The Peel Group, The Revolution (radio station), The Sun (United Kingdom), The Sunday Times Magazine, The Tote, The Westmorland Gazette, Thelwall, Thermoplastic, Thermphos International, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomas Whitham Sixth Form, Thomson Marconi Sonar, Thomson-CSF, Thornton-Cleveleys, Thornton-le-Moors, Thrust reversal, Time from NPL (MSF), Timotei, Timperley, Timpson (retailer), Tom Kilburn, Tonge, Greater Manchester, Tongling, Torfaen, Tourcoing, Tower FM, Track (rail transport), Trades Union Congress, Traffic barrier, Traffic cone, Trafford, Trafford Centre, Trafford College, Trafford Park, Transatlantic flight, Transistor computer, TransPennine Express, Transport in Manchester, Truancy, Tube Alloys, TUI Airways, Tulle, Tullis Russell, Turbofan, Turboprop, Turtle Wax, TVR, Twelve Quays, Twiglets, Twyford Bathrooms, Tyco International, Tyldesley, Typhoo, UGM-27 Polaris, Ultraviolet, Ulverston, Umbro, Unilever, Unipart, United Kingdom census, 2001, United Kingdom census, 2011, United Kingdom general election, 2015, United States Army Air Forces, United Utilities, University of Bolton, University of Central Lancashire, University of Chester, University of Cumbria, University of Law, University of Liverpool, University of Manchester, University of Salford, Upholland, Upton, Merseyside, Urdu, Urenco Group, Urmston, Utterly Butterly, Val-de-Reuil, Vauxhall Astra, Vauxhall Motors, Veterans Agency, Vickers-Armstrongs, Victoria University of Manchester, Victrex, Villemomble, Vimto, Vinci SA, Virgin Atlantic, Virgin Trains, Virtual reality, VisiCalc, Vitalite, Vitry-sur-Seine, Voestalpine, Voith, Volkswagen, Wagon Wheels, Wales, Walkden, Walkers (snack foods), Wall's (meat), Wallasey, Walmersley, Walney Wind Farm, Walter Greenwood, Wapping Tunnel, Warburtons, Warrington, Warrington and Altrincham Junction Railway, Warrington Bank Quay railway station, Warrington Borough Council, Warrington Central railway station, Warrington Wolves, Warton Aerodrome, Wast Water, Waters Corporation, We Buy Any Car, Weaver Viaduct, Well Pharmacy, Wellcome Trust, Welsh people, West Cheshire College, West Coast Main Line, West Craven, West Heath, Cheshire, West Kirby Grammar School, West Lancashire, West Midlands (region), West Riding of Yorkshire, Westbrook, Cheshire, Westby-with-Plumptons, Western Australia, Westhoughton, Westinghouse Electric Company, Westleigh, Greater Manchester, Wheelset (rail transport), Whiston Hospital, Whiston, Merseyside, Whitbread, Whitby Morrison, White British, White Christmas (weather), Whitefield, Greater Manchester, Whitehaven, Whitehaven R.L.F.C., Whitehead torpedo, Whitworth, Lancashire, Widnes, Widnes Vikings, Wienerberger, Wigan, Wigan and Leigh College, Wigan Athletic F.C., Wigan Evening Post, Wigan Warriors, Wigton, William Molyneux, 2nd Earl of Sefton, William Pickles Hartley, William Sturgeon, Williams tube, Wilmslow, Windermere, Windermere, Cumbria (town), Wingates, Winnington, Winnington Laboratory, Winsford, Winstanley College, Winter Hill transmitting station, Wire FM, Wirral Grammar School for Boys, Wirral Grammar School for Girls, Wirral line, Wish FM, Withnell, Women's Social and Political Union, Woodbury, New Jersey, Woodford Aerodrome, Woodford, Greater Manchester, Woodley, Greater Manchester, Working class, Workington, Workington Town, Worksop, World Pie Eating Championship, Wrea Green, Wright J65, Wrightington, Wuhan, Wurlitzer theatre organs in the United Kingdom, Wyre, Wythenshawe, Xaverian College, XFM Manchester, Yokogawa Electric, Yorkshire and the Humber, Yorkshire Dales, Zeneca, Zreče, 104.9 Imagine FM, 106.5 Central Radio, 2015–16 in English football, 2BR, 2ZY. 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List of A roads in zone 5 in Great Britain starting north/east of the A5, west of the A6, south of the Solway Firth/Eden Estuary (roads beginning with 5).
List of A roads in zone 6 in Great Britain starting east of the A6 and A7 roads and west of the A1 (road beginning with 6).
A Taste of Honey is a 1961 British film adaptation of the play of the same name by Shelagh Delaney.
The A34 is a major road in England.
The A483, also known as the Swansea to Chester Trunk Road, is a major road in the United Kingdom.
The A49 is an A road in western England, which traverses the Welsh Marches region.
The A50 is a major trunk road in England between Warrington and Leicester; historically it was also a major route from London to Leicester.
The A51 is a road in England running from Chester to Kingsbury, Warwickshire.
The A5117 is a road in Cheshire, England.
The A530 road is a road linking the A525 east of Whitchurch, Shropshire, England with the A559 east of Northwich, in Cheshire.
The A533 road is a road linking Rode Heath in Cheshire, England with Widnes, also in Cheshire.
The A537 is a road linking Knutsford, Cheshire and Buxton, Derbyshire.
The A538 is a road in England linking Macclesfield, Cheshire to Altrincham in Greater Manchester, through Prestbury, Wilmslow and Hale and providing access to Manchester Airport and the M56 motorway.
The A54 road is a road in England linking Chester in Cheshire with Buxton in Derbyshire.
The A55, also known as the North Wales Expressway (Welsh: Gwibffordd Gogledd Cymru) is a major road in Britain.
The A555 road is currently a short route in Greater Manchester, United Kingdom, but straddling the border with Cheshire.
The A56 is a road in England which extends between the city of Chester in Cheshire and the village of Broughton in North Yorkshire.
The A560 is a primary route that runs from the A56 in Altrincham, Greater Manchester, to Hattersley, Tameside following a complex route that involves Primary Route, non-primary route, single and dual carriage way, some complex motorway junctions and, at one point, carriageways running on both sides of the M56 Motorway.
The A562 is a road in England which runs from Liverpool to Warrington.
The A575 is an A road in Greater Manchester which connects Worsley and Farnworth.
The A580 (officially the Liverpool–East Lancashire Road or colloquially the East Lancs) is the United Kingdom's first purpose-built intercity highway.
The A583 is a primary road from Preston to Blackpool in England, via Kirkham.
The A584 is a road in Lancashire, England, that runs from Clifton, near Preston, to Little Bispham, in the north of Blackpool.
The A585 is a primary road in England which runs from Kirkham to Fleetwood in Lancashire.
The A587 is a road in England that runs from Blackpool to Fleetwood in Lancashire.
The A588 is a road in England, which runs from Poulton-le-Fylde to Lancaster in Lancashire.
The A59 is a major road in England which is around long and runs from Wallasey, Merseyside to York, North Yorkshire.
The A590 is a trunk road in southern Cumbria, in the north-west of England.
The A591 is a major road in Cumbria, in the north-west of England.
The A595 is a primary route in Cumbria, in Northern England that starts in Carlisle, passes through Whitehaven and goes close to Workington, Cockermouth and Wigton.
The A596 is a primary route in Cumbria, in northern England, that runs between Thursby (north-east of Wigton) and Workington.
The A6 is one of the main historic north–south roads in England.
The A6144(M) was a motorway in Carrington, Greater Manchester, England.
The A62 is a major road in Northern England that runs between the two major cities of Manchester and Leeds, covering a distance of.
The A627(M) is a motorway that runs between Chadderton and Rochdale in Greater Manchester, England.
The A635 is a main road that runs between Manchester and Scawsby running east–west through Stalybridge, Saddleworth Moor, Holmfirth, Barnsley and Doncaster.
The A66 is a major road in Northern England, which in part follows the course of the Roman road from Scotch Corner to Penrith.
The A671 is a road in the North West of England, that runs between Oldham, Greater Manchester and Worston, near Clitheroe, Lancashire.
The A678 is a road in Lancashire, England, which runs between the towns of Blackburn and Padiham.
The A689 is a road in northern England that runs east from the A595, to the west of Carlisle in Cumbria, to Hartlepool in County Durham.
The A74, currently a road linking Glasgow to Viewpark in Scotland, also known historically as the Glasgow to Carlisle Road, was a major road in the United Kingdom, linking Glasgow in Scotland to Carlisle in the North West of England, passing through Clydesdale, Annandale and the Southern Uplands.
The A74(M) and M74 form a major motorway in the United Kingdom, mainly in Scotland, with a short section in England.
Aalborg, is Denmark's fourth largest city with an urban population of 136,000, including 22,000 in the twin city Nørresundby 600 meters across the Limfjord.
ABB (ASEA Brown Boveri) is a Swedish-Swiss multinational corporation headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, operating mainly in robotics, power, heavy electrical equipments, and automation technology areas.
Abram Lyle (14 December 1820 – 30 April 1891) is noted for founding the sugar refiners Abram Lyle & Sons which merged with the company of his rival Henry Tate to become Tate & Lyle in 1921.
Acoustic absorption refers to the process by which a material, structure, or object takes in sound energy when sound waves are encountered, as opposed to reflecting the energy.
Power in an electric circuit is the rate of flow of energy past a given point of the circuit.
Accrington is a town in the Hyndburn borough of Lancashire, England.
Accrington Stanley F.C. is a football club in Accrington, Lancashire, which plays in League One, the third tier of the English football league system.
Active radar homing (ARH) is a missile guidance method in which a missile contains a radar transceiver (in contrast to semi-active radar homing, which uses only a receiver) and the electronics necessary for it to find and track its target autonomously.
ADABAS, a contraction of “adaptable database system", is a database package that was developed by Software AG to run on IBM mainframes.
Adidas AG (stylized as ɑdidɑs since 1949) is a multinational corporation, founded and headquartered in Herzogenaurach, Germany, that designs and manufactures shoes, clothing and accessories.
Adjustable speed drive (ASD) or variable-speed drive (VSD) describes equipment used to control the speed of machinery.
Adlington is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Admiral Sportswear is a British internationally recognized football, cricket and sportswear brand.
Agecroft Colliery was a coalmine on the Manchester Coalfield in the Agecroft district of Pendlebury that first opened in 1844 in the historic county of Lancashire, England.
Agilent Technologies is an American public research, development and manufacturing company established in 1999 as a spin-off from Hewlett-Packard.
Ainsdale is an area of Southport in the borough of Sefton, Merseyside, England, situated three miles south of the centre of Southport.
Aintree is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside.
Python family of AAM for comparisons, Python-5 (displayed lower-front) and Shafrir-1 (upper-back) An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.
The Airborne Forces Experimental Establishment (AFEE) was a branch of the British Air Ministry, that researched and developed non-traditional airborne applications, such as gliders, rotary wing aircraft, and dropping of personnel and equipment by parachute, in the period 1942-1950.
An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.
Airline hubs or hub airports are used by one or more airlines to concentrate passenger traffic and flight operations at a given airport.
Sir Lionel Alexander Bethune Pilkington OBE FRS (7 January 1920 – 5 May 1995), known as Sir Alastair Pilkington, was a British engineer and businessman who invented and perfected the float glass process for commercial manufacturing of plate glass.
Albert is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Albion Automotive of Scotstoun, Glasgow is a former Scottish automobile and commercial vehicle manufacturer.
Alcoa Corporation (from Aluminum Company of America) is an American industrial corporation.
An alcopop (or cooler, spirit cooler in South African English, or malternative in American slang) is a term describing certain flavored alcoholic beverages with relatively low alcohol content (e.g., 3–7% alcohol by volume), including.
Alderley Park was a country house in a park of the same name at Nether Alderley, Cheshire, England, between Macclesfield and Knutsford.
Alenia Marconi Systems (AMS) was a major European integrated defence electronics company and an equal shares joint venture between BAE Systems and Finmeccanica (now Leonardo S.p.A.) until its dissolution on 3 May 2005.
Alfasound was a radio jingle production company based in Manchester from late 1970s to mid-1990s founded by Alan Fawkes and ex-Piccadilly Radio DJ Steve England.
Accelerators and Lasers In Combined Experiments (ALICE), or Energy Recovery Linac Prototype (ERLP) is a 35MeV energy recovery linac test facility at Daresbury Laboratory in Cheshire, England.
Allerdale is a non-metropolitan district of Cumbria, England, with borough status.
Almelo is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands.
ALPLA, otherwise ALPLA-Werke Alwin Lehner GmbH & Co KG is an Austrian, international acting plastics manufacturer headquartered in Hard, specialising in blow-moulded bottles and caps, injection-moulded parts, preforms and tubes.
Alsager is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England, to the north-west of the city of Stoke-on-Trent, and east of the railway town of Crewe.
Alstom is a French multinational company operating worldwide in rail transport markets, active in the fields of passenger transportation, signalling and locomotives, with products including the AGV, TGV, Eurostar, and Pendolino high-speed trains, in addition to suburban, regional and metro trains, and Citadis trams.
Altena is a town in the district of Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Altham is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Hyndburn, in Lancashire, England.
Altrincham is a market town in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, south of the River Mersey southwest of Manchester city centre, southwest of Sale and east of Warrington.
Altrincham and Sale West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Sir Graham Brady of the Conservative Party.
Altrincham Grammar School for Boys is a boys' grammar school in Altrincham, England.
Altrincham Grammar School for Girls, also known as Altrincham Girls Grammar School (AGGS) is a girls' grammar school with academy status in Bowdon, Greater Manchester, England.
Ambleside is a town in Cumbria, in North West England.
Amcor Limited is a global packaging company.
Amec Foster Wheeler plc was a British multinational consultancy, engineering and project management company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major United States airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.
American Axle & Manufacturing, Inc. (AAM), headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, is a manufacturer of automobile driveline and drivetrain components and systems.
AMS Neve Ltd was the result of the amalgamation in 1992 of AMS (Advanced Music Systems) with Neve Electronics.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Anastrozole, sold under the brand name Arimidex among others, is a medication used in addition to other treatments for breast cancer.
Anchorsholme is a suburb in Blackpool, in the ceremonial county of Lancashire, England, situated south of the Cleveleys and Blackpool border.
Sir Andre Konstantin Geim, FRS, HonFRSC, HonFInstP (born 21 October 1958) is a Soviet-born Dutch-British physicist working in the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester.
Angers is a city in western France, about southwest of Paris.
The Anglo-Scottish border between England and Scotland runs for 96 miles (154 km) between Marshall Meadows Bay on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west.
Angoulême (Poitevin-Saintongeais: Engoulaeme; Engoleime) is a commune, the capital of the Charente department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Anheuser-Busch InBev SA/NV (abbreviated as AB InBev) is a Belgian-Brazilian transnational beverage and brewing company with global headquarters in Leuven, Belgium.
Ann Lee (29 February 1736 – 8 September 1784), commonly known as Mother Ann Lee, was the leader of the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, or the Shakers.
Anthorn Radio Station is located near Anthorn, Cumbria, England, overlooking the Solway Firth, and is operated by Babcock International (with whom former operators VT Communications are now merged).
The AP1000 is a nuclear power plant designed and sold by Westinghouse Electric Company.
Apeks (Apeks Marine Equipment Ltd) is a British manufacturer of scuba diving equipment based in Blackburn.
APPH designs and manufactures hydraulic systems and (landing gear) for civil and military aircraft.
Aquinas College in Stockport, Greater Manchester, England, is a Roman Catholic sixth form college, established in 1980 on the site of St.
The Arado Ar 234 Blitz (English: lightning) was the world's first operational jet-powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of World War II.
An arc lamp or arc light is a lamp that produces light by an electric arc (also called a voltaic arc).
The ArcelorMittal Orbit (often referred to as the Orbit Tower or its original name, Orbit) is a 114.5-metre-high sculpture and observation tower in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratford, London.
Archbishop Beck Catholic Sports College (previously known as Archbishop Beck Catholic High School, and as St Bonaventure's, before that) is a mixed Roman Catholic secondary school and sixth form located in the Aintree area of Liverpool, England.
An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside in England, Wales or Northern Ireland which has been designated for conservation due to its significant landscape value.
Armentières (Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
The Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire was a British turbojet engine produced by Armstrong Siddeley in the 1950s.
Arnside and Silverdale is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England, on the border between Lancashire and Cumbria, adjoining Morecambe Bay.
Arthur Wynne (June 22, 1871January 14, 1945) was the British-born inventor of the modern crossword puzzle.
, more commonly known as AGC, is a Japanese global glass manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo. It is the largest glass company in the world and one of the core Mitsubishi companies. The company is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX and Nikkei 225 stock indices. Asahi Glass was named one of Thomson Reuters Top 100 Global Innovators in 2013.
Ashton Sixth Form College is a sixth form college located in Ashton-under-Lyne in Greater Manchester, England.
Ashton upon Mersey is an area of Sale in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
Ashton-in-Makerfield is a town in Greater Manchester, England.
Ashton-under-Lyne is a market town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England.
(stylized as asics) is a Japanese multinational corporation which produces footwear and sports equipment designed for a wide range of sports, generally in the upper price range.
Aspatria railway station serves the town of Aspatria in Cumbria, England.
Aspire is a work of art, constructed on the Jubilee Campus of the University of Nottingham, in Nottingham, England.
The Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile, also known by its United States identifier AIM-132, is an imaging infrared homing ("heat seeking") air-to-air missile, produced by MBDA.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
Associated British Hat Manufacturers Ltd was a holding company formed in 1966, by merging five of Britain's largest felt hat manufacturers.
Associated Electrical Industries (AEI) was a British holding company formed in 1928 through the merger of the British Thomson-Houston Company (BTH) and Metropolitan-Vickers electrical engineering companies.
Assystem is an international engineering services consulting company based in Paris, France.
Astmoor is a suburb of Runcorn in Cheshire, England.
AstraZeneca plc is an Anglo–Swedish multinational pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical company.
The ATEX directive consists of two EU directives describing what equipment and work space is allowed in an environment with an explosive atmosphere.
Atherton (pop. 20,300) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England and historically was a part of Lancashire.
The Atlas Computer was a joint development between the University of Manchester, Ferranti, and Plessey.
The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as.
An atomic clock is a clock device that uses an electron transition frequency in the microwave, optical, or ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum of atoms as a frequency standard for its timekeeping element.
The atomic nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom, discovered in 1911 by Ernest Rutherford based on the 1909 Geiger–Marsden gold foil experiment.
In chemistry and physics, atomic theory is a scientific theory of the nature of matter, which states that matter is composed of discrete units called atoms.
An auditorium is a room built to enable an audience to hear and watch performances at venues such as theatres.
Austenite, also known as gamma-phase iron (γ-Fe), is a metallic, non-magnetic allotrope of iron or a solid solution of iron, with an alloying element.
Autoliv Inc. is the world's largest automotive safety supplier with sales to all leading car manufacturers worldwide.
An automatic transmission, also called auto, self-shifting transmission, n-speed automatic (where n is its number of forward gear ratios), or AT, is a type of motor vehicle transmission that can automatically change gear ratios as the vehicle moves, freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually.
Avecia, a part of Nitto Denko Inc.
Avenham and Frenchwood are the central communities which make up the Town Centre ward of Preston City Council, in Lancashire, England.
The Aventas group, formerly the QUINN group, is a business group headquartered in Derrylin, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
Avro was a British aircraft manufacturer.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
The Avro Type 688 Tudor was a British piston-engined airliner based on Avro's four-engine Lincoln bomber, itself a descendant of the famous Lancaster heavy bomber, and was Britain's first pressurised airliner.
The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered tailless delta wing high-altitude strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984.
An axial compressor is a compressor that can continuously pressurize gases.
Électricité de France S.A. (EDF; Electricity of France) is a French electric utility company, largely owned by the French state.
Ústí nad Labem, formerly known by its German name Aussig, is the 7th-most populous city of the Czech Republic.
B&M European Retail Value S.A. (also known as B&M Bargains and the larger B&M Homestore) was formed in 1978 and is now one of the leading variety retailers in the United Kingdom, employing over 28,000 staff.
The Multi-Unit Space Transport And Recovery Device or MUSTARD, usually written as Mustard, was a concept explored by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) during the mid-1960s for launching payloads weighing as much as into orbit.
BAE Chadderton at Greengate, Chadderton in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, opened in 1939.
British Aerospace Dynamics Limited (BADL or BAe Dynamics) was a division of British Aerospace.
BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security, and aerospace company.
BAE Systems Land & Armaments is a wholly owned subsidiary of BAE Systems Plc.
BAE Systems Maritime – Submarines, known as BAE Systems Submarine Solutions until January 2012, is a wholly owned subsidiary of BAE Systems, based in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England, and is responsible for the development and production of submarines.
BAE Systems Military Air & Information (MAI, formerly Military Air Solutions (MAS)) is a business unit of British defence company BAE Systems responsible for the design, development, manufacture and support of fixed wing military aircraft.
BAE Systems Regional Aircraft produced the last fully UK-built airliner in November 2001, the Avro RJX (formerly the BAE 146).
Balderstone is a village and civil parish in the Ribble Valley district of Lancashire, England.
Balfour Beatty plc is an English multinational infrastructure group with capabilities in construction services, support services and infrastructure investments.
Ball Corporation is an American company headquartered in Broomfield, Colorado, that is best known for its early production of glass jars, lids, and related products used for home canning.
A ball valve is a form of quarter-turn valve which uses a hollow, perforated and pivoting ball to control flow through it.
Bamber Bridge is a town in Lancashire, England, south-east of the city of Preston, in the borough of South Ribble.
Barbie is a fashion doll manufactured by the American toy company Mattel, Inc. and launched in March 1959.
Bargain Booze is a chain of off licence shops, that operates in the United Kingdom.
Barnoldswick is a town and civil parish in Lancashire, England, near the county border with North Yorkshire, just outside the Yorkshire Dales National Park and the Forest of Bowland Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
The Barrow Raiders are a professional rugby league team in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England.
Barrow Sixth Form College, part of Furness College, is located in the outskirts of Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England.
Barrow-in-Furness, commonly known as Barrow, is a town and borough in Cumbria, England.
Barrow/Walney Island Airport (formerly RAF Walney Island) is located on Walney Island, northwest of the centre of Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England.
Barthomley is a village and ancient parish, and is now a civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Basell Polyolefins was a joint venture between BASF and Royal Dutch Shell.
BASF SE is a German chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.
The Basketball Arena for the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Paralympics was located in the Olympic Park in Stratford, London.
Baxi is a part of BDR Thermea, one of Europe's largest manufacturers and distributors of domestic and commercial water and space heating systems.
Béziers (Besièrs) is a town in Languedoc in southern France.
BBC Look North is the BBC's regional television news service for North East England, Cumbria and North Yorkshire.
BBC Look North is the BBC's regional television news service for West, South and North Yorkshire and northern parts of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire.
The BBC National Programme was a UK radio broadcasting service which was on the air from 9 March 1930 – when it replaced the earlier BBC radio station 5XX – until 1 September 1939, when it was subsumed into the BBC Home Service, two days before the outbreak of World War II.
BBC North East and Cumbria is the BBC English Region covering County Durham, Northumberland, Teesside, Tyne and Wear, northern Cumbria and parts of North Yorkshire.
BBC North West is the BBC English Region serving Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Lancashire, Merseyside, North Yorkshire (western Craven), West Yorkshire (Walsden), Derbyshire (High Peak), Cumbria (Barrow-in-Furness and South Lakeland) and the Isle of Man.
BBC North West Tonight is a regional news programme covering North West England and the Isle of Man.
BBC Radio Cumbria is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Cumbria and broadcasts from studios in Carlisle.
BBC Radio Lancashire is the BBC Local Radio service for the county of Lancashire, in North West England.
BBC Radio Manchester is a BBC Local Radio station broadcasting to Greater Manchester and north east Cheshire in North West England from MediaCityUK in Salford Quays on FM via a transmitter at Holme Moss, with a small repeater at Saddleworth that covers Tameside and Saddleworth.
First studio was in Sir Thomas Street and the frequency was 95.85 BBC Radio Merseyside is the BBC Local Radio service for Merseyside, England.
Beat music, British beat, or Merseybeat (after bands from Liverpool and nearby areas beside the River Mersey) is a pop and rock music genre that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s.
Beetham is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, England, situated on the border with Lancashire.
The Beetham Organisation is a privately owned property development and investment company based in Liverpool, UK.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
Belle Vue Stadium is a greyhound racing track in Belle Vue, Manchester, England, where the first race around an oval track in Britain was held on 24 July 1926.
A belt is a loop of flexible material used to link two or more rotating shafts mechanically, most often parallel.
Bengbu is a mid-sized city in northern Anhui Province, China.
Bensons for Beds is Britain's largest bed retailer specialising in beds, mattresses and bedroom furniture.
Benteler International AG (BENTELER) is a holding company in German family ownership.
Bentley Motors Limited is a British manufacturer and marketer of luxury cars and SUVs—and a subsidiary of Volkswagen AG since 1998.
Bentley Crewe, located on the outskirts of Crewe, Cheshire, England, is the headquarters and design and manufacturing centre of Bentley Motors Limited.
Benzaldehyde (C6H5CHO) is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring with a formyl substituent.
Beta blockers, also written β-blockers, are a class of medications that are particularly used to manage abnormal heart rhythms, and to protect the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention).
Betfred is a bookmaker based in the United Kingdom, founded by Fred and Peter Done.
Bibby Line is a UK company concerned with shipping and marine operations.
Bicalutamide, sold under the brand name Casodex among others, is an antiandrogen medication that is primarily used to treat prostate cancer.
Bickershaw is a village, effectively a suburb of Abram, within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England.
Bielefeld is a city in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe Region in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Big D is a British brand of peanuts and snack food, introduced in 1967.They produce 50g packets of Carded nuts and Tumble (Loose) which are hugely popular within the licensed and retail trade within the UK and Ireland via their association with Tayto.
BillerudKorsnäs AB is a Swedish pulp and paper manufacturer with headquarters in Solna.
A biopharmaceutical, also known as a biologic(al) medical product, biological, or biologic, is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological sources.
Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.
Birchwood Park is a business park in Birchwood near Warrington, United Kingdom.
Birchwood railway station is a railway station opened in 1981 by British Rail, serving the Birchwood district to the north east of Warrington, Cheshire, in the north west of England.
Birkenhead is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral in Merseyside, England.
Birthdays was a British High Street greeting cards retailer.
Bispham High School Arts College was a secondary school situated in Bispham, Blackpool, Lancashire, England, with a mixed intake of both boys and girls aged 11–16.
Bisto is a well-known brand of traditional British foods in the United Kingdom, most famous for its gravy products.
Black British are British citizens of Black origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.
Blackamoor is a village in Lancashire, England, to the south of Blackburn.
Blackburn is a town in Lancashire, England.
Blackburn College is a further and higher education college in Blackburn, North West England.
Blackburn Rovers Football Club is a professional football club in Blackburn, Lancashire, England, which competes in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system, following promotion from League One at the end of the 2017–18 season.
Blackburn with Darwen is a unitary authority area in Lancashire, North West England.
Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council is the local authority of Blackburn with Darwen.
Blackley is a suburban area of Manchester, England.
Blackpool is a seaside resort on the Lancashire coast in North West England.
Blackpool Airport is an airport on the Fylde coast of Lancashire, England, in the Borough of Fylde, just outside the Borough of Blackpool.
Blackpool and The Fylde College (B&FC) is a further and higher education college in Blackpool, Lancashire, England.
The Blackpool branch lines run from Preston to Blackpool.
Blackpool Football Club is a professional association football club based in the seaside town of Blackpool, Lancashire, England.
The Blackpool Gazette (locally marketed as simply The Gazette) is an English daily newspaper based in Blackpool, Lancashire.
Blackpool North railway station is the main station serving the seaside resort of Blackpool in Lancashire, England.
The Blackpool Sixth Form College is a co-educational state funded sixth form college serving the Fylde and surrounding areas in Lancashire, England.
Blowick is a suburb on the east side of the town of Southport, Merseyside, England.
Bob the Builder is a British children's animated television show created by Keith Chapman.
Boddingtons Brewery was a regional brewery in Manchester, England, which owned pubs throughout the North West.
Bollington is a small town and civil parish in Cheshire, England, to the east of Prestbury.
Bolton (locally) is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton. Close to the West Pennine Moors, Bolton is northwest of Manchester. It is surrounded by several smaller towns and villages that together form the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, of which Bolton is the administrative centre. The town of Bolton has a population of 139,403, whilst the wider metropolitan borough has a population of 262,400. Historically part of Lancashire, Bolton originated as a small settlement in the moorland known as Bolton le Moors. In the English Civil War, the town was a Parliamentarian outpost in a staunchly Royalist region, and as a result was stormed by 3,000 Royalist troops led by Prince Rupert of the Rhine in 1644. In what became known as the Bolton Massacre, 1,600 residents were killed and 700 were taken prisoner. Bolton Wanderers football club play home games at the Macron Stadium and the WBA World light-welterweight champion Amir Khan was born in the town. Cultural interests include the Octagon Theatre and the Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, as well as one of the earliest public libraries established after the Public Libraries Act 1850.
Bolton College (previously known as Bolton Community College) is a further education college located in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.
Bolton Sixth Form College is a further education college for students aged 16 and higher and is located in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.
Bolton Wanderers Football Club is a professional association football club based in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.
Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.
Bootle (pronounced) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside, England, which in 2001 had a population of 98,449.
Barrow-in-Furness is a local government district with borough status in Cumbria, England.
The Borough of Burnley is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a non-metropolitan district and borough.
The Borough of Chorley is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England.
The Borough of Copeland is a local government district and borough in western Cumbria, England.
The Borough of Fylde is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England.
Halton is a local government district in the ceremonial county of Cheshire in North West England, with borough status and administered by a unitary authority.
Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Bramhall is a suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England.
Bredbury is a suburban town within the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, in Greater Manchester, England, south-east of Manchester, east of Stockport and south-west of Hyde.
Breville is an Australian manufacturer and marketer of small home appliances, founded in Sydney in 1932.
The Bridgewater Canal connects Runcorn, Manchester and Leigh, in North West England.
Brierfield is a small town and civil parish in the Borough of Pendle Lancashire, England.
Briggs Automotive Company (BAC) is a British supercar manufacturing company based in Speke, Liverpool.
Brimstone is an air-launched ground attack missile developed by MBDA for Britain's Royal Air Force.
Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) is an American pharmaceutical company, headquartered in New York City.
Britannia Hotels is a United Kingdom hotel group with 53 hotels across the country.
The British Aerospace 146 (also BAe 146) is a short-haul airliner and a regional airliner that was manufactured in the United Kingdom by British Aerospace, later part of BAE Systems.
British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.
The British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) was a British aircraft manufacturer formed from the government-pressured merger of English Electric Aviation Ltd., Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft), the Bristol Aeroplane Company and Hunting Aircraft in 1960.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons) are persons of South Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.
The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), previously the British Board of Film Censors, is a non-governmental organization, founded by the film industry in 1912 and responsible for the national classification and censorship of films exhibited at cinemas and video works (such as television programmes, trailers, adverts, public Information/campaigning films, menus, bonus content etc.) released on physical media within the United Kingdom.
The British Cattle Movement Service (BCMS) is the organisation responsible for maintaining a database of all bovine animals in the United Kingdom, except for Northern Ireland, which has a separate database maintained by the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.
British Chinese (also known as Chinese British, Chinese Britons) are people of Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who reside in the United Kingdom, constituting the second or third largest group of overseas Chinese in Europe apart from the Chinese diaspora in France and the overseas Chinese community in Russia.
British Cycling (formerly the British Cycling Federation) is the main national governing body for cycle sport in Great Britain.
British Energy was the UK's largest electricity generation company by volume, before being taken over by Électricité de France (EDF) in 2009.
British Gas is an energy and home services provider in the United Kingdom.
British Midland Airways Limited (trading at various times throughout its history as British Midland, BMI British Midland, BMI or British Midland International) was an airline with its head office in Donington Hall in Castle Donington, close to East Midlands Airport, in the United Kingdom.
British Nuclear Fuels Limited (BNFL) was a nuclear energy and fuels company owned by the UK Government.
The British Rail Class 43 (HST) is the TOPS classification used for the InterCity 125 High Speed Train (formerly classes 253 and 254) power cars, built by British Rail Engineering Limited from 1975 to 1982.
British Salt Limited is a United Kingdom-based chemical company that produces pure white salt.
The British space programme is the UK government's work to develop British space capabilities.
British Swimming is the national governing body of swimming, water polo, synchronised swimming, diving and open water in Great Britain.
British Thomson-Houston (BTH) was a British engineering and heavy industrial company, based at Rugby, Warwickshire, England and founded as a subsidiary of the General Electric Company (GE) of Schenectady, New York, USA.
The British Touring Car Championship is a touring car racing series held each year in the United Kingdom, currently organised and administered by TOCA.
British United Airways (BUA) was a private, independentindependent from government-owned corporations British airline formed as a result of the merger of Airwork Services and Hunting-Clan Air Transport in July 1960, making it the largest wholly private airline based in the United Kingdom at the time.
Broad Crag is a fell in the English Lake District.
Broadheath is a suburb of Altrincham in Greater Manchester, England.
is a Japanese multinational electronics and electrical equipment company headquartered in Nagoya, Japan.
Broughton is a suburb of Salford, England, on the east bank of the River Irwell northwest of Manchester city centre and south of Prestwich, which includes Broughton Park, Higher Broughton and Lower Broughton.
Bryant and May was a British company created in the mid-19th century specifically to make matches.
Bryning-with-Warton is a civil parish in the Borough of Fylde in Lancashire, England.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Burneside is a small village in South Lakeland in Cumbria, England.
Burnley is a market town in Lancashire, England, with a population of 73,021.
Burnley College is a further education college based in Burnley, Lancashire.
Burnley Football Club is a professional association football club based in Burnley, Lancashire, England.
Burton's Biscuit Company is a British biscuit manufacturer.
Burtonwood and Westbrook is a civil parish in the outermost suburbs of Warrington, Cheshire, England.
Bury is a town in Greater Manchester, England, on the River Irwell east of Bolton, southwest of Rochdale and northwest of Manchester.
Bury College is an institute of higher learning for ages 16 and above.
Bury Football Club is a professional association football club based in Bury, Greater Manchester, England.
Bury St Edmunds is a historic market town and civil parish in the in St Edmundsbury district, in the county of Suffolk, England.
A business jet, private jet, or bizjet, or simply B.J., is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.
Butyllithium may refer to one of 5 isomeric organolithium reagents of which 3 are commonly used in chemical synthesis.
Byrchall High School is secondary school and specialist Mathematics and Computing with academy status, located in the Ashton-in-Makerfield area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester.
Cabin pressurization is a process in which conditioned air is pumped into the cabin of an aircraft or spacecraft, in order to create a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and crew flying at high altitudes.
Fingers are a popular chocolate biscuit in the United Kingdom and Ireland which consists of a biscuit centre covered in chocolate.
The Caldbeck transmitting station is a broadcasting and telecommunications facility, situated close to the village of Caldbeck, in Cumbria, England (Grid Reference: NY299425).
The Calder Valley line (also previously known as the Caldervale line) is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool.
Calendar (branded on-screen as ITV News Calendar) is a regional television news and current affairs programme, produced by ITV Yorkshire and serving Lincolnshire, most of Yorkshire and parts of Lancashire, the North Midlands and north western Norfolk areas of England.
The Calico Printers' Association Ltd was a British textile company founded in 1899, from the amalgamation of 46 textile printing companies and 13 textile merchants.
Camelot GroupCamelot is a private limited company; its entire share issue is owned by a single shareholder.
Cammell Laird is a British shipbuilding company.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
Capenhurst is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England and located on the Wirral Peninsula to the south west of the town of Ellesmere Port.
Capita plc, commonly known as Capita, is an international business process outsourcing and professional services company headquartered in London.
Capital Liverpool is an Independent Local Radio station serving Liverpool, England.
Capital Manchester is a local radio station owned and operated by the Global Radio as part of the Capital radio network.
Capital North West and North Wales is a regional radio station owned and operated by Global Radio as part of the Capital radio network.
Capreomycin is an antibiotic which is given in combination with other antibiotics for the treatment of tuberculosis.
Carbon steel is a steel with carbon content up to 2.1% by weight.
Carcraft was an independent group of used car hypermarkets established in 1951 in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England, with eleven locations around the country.
Cargo is a small village near the River Eden on the Solway Plain.
Carlisle Kingmoor TMD is a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Carlisle, England.
Carlisle Lake District Airport is a small regional airport located east northeast of Carlisle, Cumbria, England.
Carlisle United Football Club is a professional association football club based in Carlisle, Cumbria, where they play at Brunton Park.
Carlisle (or from Cumbric: Caer Luel Cathair Luail) is the county town of Cumbria.
Carmel College is a sixth form college located in the borough of St Helens, Merseyside.
Carnforth is a small town and civil parish near Lancaster in the north of Lancashire, England, situated at the north east end of Morecambe Bay.
Carrington is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
Cash Generator is a United Kingdom-based Buy and Sell store.
Castlefield is an inner city conservation area of Manchester in North West England.
Castleton is an area of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England, south-southwest of Rochdale town centre and north-northeast of the city of Manchester.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Córdoba, also called Cordoba or Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba.
Ceftazidime, sold under the brand names Fortaz among others, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.
Cefuroxime is an enteral second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic.
The Central Landing Establishment was the Second World War British development centre for airborne warfare at RAF Ringway airfield near Manchester.
Centrica plc is a British multinational energy and services company with its headquarters in Windsor, Berkshire.
The cephalosporins (sg.) are a class of β-lactam antibiotics originally derived from the fungus Acremonium, which was previously known as "Cephalosporium".
The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.
CFM is an Independent Local Radio station broadcasting to Cumbria and South West Scotland, with transmitters in Carlisle, Penrith and West Cumbria.
Chadderton (pop. 34,818) is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, England.
Chain Home, or CH for short, was the codename for the ring of coastal Early Warning radar stations built by the Royal Air Force (RAF) before and during the Second World War to detect and track aircraft.
Chalk River Laboratories (Laboratoires de Chalk River; also known as CRL, Chalk River Labs and formerly Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories) is a Canadian nuclear research facility in Deep River, Renfrew County, Ontario, near Chalk River, about north-west of Ottawa.
The Challenge Cup (also known as the Ladbrokes Challenge Cup due to sponsorship by Ladbrokes) is a knockout rugby league cup competition organised by the Rugby Football League, held annually since 1896, with the exception of 1915–1919 and 1939–1940.
Chalon-sur-Saône is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.
Champagnole is a commune in the Jura department in Franche-Comté in eastern France.
Charles Walter Suckling, CBE FRS (24 July 1920 – 31 October 2013) was a British chemist who first synthesised halothane, a volatile inhalational anaesthetic in 1951, while working at the Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) Central Laboratory in Widnes.
Chat Moss is a large area of peat bog that makes up 30 per cent of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England.
Chaumont is a commune of France, and the capital (or préfecture) of the Haute-Marne department.
Cheadle is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Cheadle and Marple College Network is a training provider for the Stockport (Greater Manchester) area specialising in 16-19 educational provision.
Cheadle Heath is a suburb of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England, west of Stockport town centre and southeast of Manchester.
Cheadle Hulme is a suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England.
A check valve, clack valve, non-return valve, reflux valve, retention valve or one-way valve is a valve that normally allows fluid (liquid or gas) to flow through it in only one direction.
Chemnitz, known from 1953 to 1990 as Karl-Marx-Stadt, is the third-largest city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Chemtura Corporation was a global corporation headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with its other principal executive office in Middlebury, Connecticut.
Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.
Cheshire cheese is a dense and crumbly cheese produced in the English county of Cheshire, and four neighbouring counties, Denbighshire and Flintshire in Wales and Shropshire and Staffordshire in England.
Cheshire County Council was the county council of Cheshire.
Cheshire East is a unitary authority area with borough status in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
The Cheshire Plain is a relatively flat expanse of lowland almost entirely within the county of Cheshire in North West England.
Cheshire West and Chester is a unitary authority with borough status in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.
Chorley is a market town in Lancashire, England, north of Wigan, south west of Blackburn, north west of Bolton, south of Preston and north west of Manchester.
Christopher Hinton, Baron Hinton of Bankside (12 May 1901 – 22 June 1983) was a British nuclear engineer, and supervisor of the construction of Calder Hall, the world's first large-scale commercial nuclear power station.
Christy (also known as Christy UK and Christy Towels) is a long-established manufacturer of household linens and is known as the inventor of the first industrially produced looped cotton (terrycloth) towel.
Church is a village in Hyndburn, Lancashire, England; situated a mile west of Accrington.
Circulon is a name given to non-stick saucepans, frying pans and other cookware manufactured by Meyer.
The CIS Tower is an office skyscraper on Miller Street in Manchester, England.
City Airport is a general aviation airport in the Barton-upon-Irwell area of Eccles, in the City of Salford, Greater Manchester, England.
The City of Carlisle is a local government district of Cumbria, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district.
The City of Lancaster is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district.
The City of Liverpool College is one of three colleges of further education in Liverpool, Merseyside.
The City of Preston is a city and non-metropolitan district in Lancashire, England.
The City of Salford is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, named after its largest settlement, Salford, but extending west to include the towns of Eccles, Worsley, Swinton, Walkden and Irlam.
Clarke Energy is a privately owned multinational company specialising in the sale, engineering, installation and maintenance of power plants that use gas engines.
Clatterbridge Hospital (CGH) is a general hospital located on Clatterbridge Health Park in Bebington, Wirral, England.
Clayton-le-Moors is a small industrial town two miles north of Accrington in the Borough of Hyndburn in the County of Lancashire, England.
Clermont-Ferrand (Auvergnat Clharmou, Augustonemetum) is a city and commune of France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, with a population of 141,569 (2012).
Cleveleys is a town on the Fylde Coast of Lancashire, England, about north of Blackpool and south of Fleetwood.
Clifford Christopher Cocks CB FRS (born 28 December 1950) is a British mathematician and cryptographer.
Clitheroe is a town and civil parish in the Borough of Ribble Valley, approximately northwest of Manchester, in Lancashire, England.
Clitheroe Royal Grammar School is a co educational grammar school in the town of Clitheroe in Lancashire, England, formerly an all-boys school.
The Clyde Arc (known locally as the Squinty Bridge), is a road bridge spanning the River Clyde in Glasgow, in west central Scotland, connecting Finnieston, near the Clyde Auditorium and SEC with Pacific Quay and Glasgow Science Centre in Govan.
Co-op Food, previously trading as The Co-operative Food, is a brand devised for the food retail business of the consumer co-operative movement in the United Kingdom.
Cockerham is a small village and civil parish within the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England.
Cockermouth is an ancient market town and civil parish in the Borough of Allerdale in Cumbria, England, so named because it is at the confluence of the River Cocker as it flows into the River Derwent.
Colne is a town and civil parish in Lancashire, England, six miles north-east of Burnley, 25 miles east of Preston, 25 miles north of Manchester and 30 miles west of Leeds.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Coloroll is a United Kingdom wallpaper brand owned by CWV Ltd.
Comfort is a brand name for fabric softener sold by Unilever in the UK and around the world.
Common Brittonic was an ancient Celtic language spoken in Britain.
Compass Minerals International, Inc is a United States listed public company that, through its subsidiaries, is a leading producer of minerals, including salt, magnesium chloride, sulfate of potash and other plant nutrition products.
Congleton is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Conishead Priory is a large Gothic Revival building on the Furness peninsula near Ulverston in Cumbria.
A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.
Cookware and bakeware are types of food preparation containers, commonly found in a kitchen.
The Copper Box Arena is a multi-sport venue used for the 2012 Summer Olympics, located in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Hackney Wick, London, England.
Copper tubing is most often used for supply of hot and cold tap water, and as refrigerant line in HVAC systems.
Cott Corporation is beverage and foodservice company based in Canada.
Cotton Traders is a British clothing company, specialising in rugby apparel and leisurewear, based in Altrincham, Greater Manchester, England.
Cottonopolis was a 19th century nickname for Manchester, as it was a metropolis and the centre of the cotton industry.
The countries of the United Kingdom by GVA per capita sets out the gross value added per capita (as of 2015) for each of the countries of the United Kingdom as well as separate figures for the nine English regions.
The population of the countries and regions of the United Kingdom was last measured by census in 2011.
Craghoppers is a British outdoor clothing manufacturer and supplier that was founded in Batley, West Yorkshire in 1965.
Crane Merchandising Systems is a designer and manufacturer of vending machines.
A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.
Creamfields is a large British dance music festival featuring DJs and live acts.
Crewe ('Cryw' in Welsh) is a railway town and civil parish within the borough of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Crewe Alexandra Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Crewe, Cheshire, England.
Crewe Green is a small village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Crewe Hall is a Jacobean mansion located near Crewe Green, east of Crewe, in Cheshire, England.
Crewe railway works is a British railway engineering facility built in 1840 by the Grand Junction Railway.
The Crewe–Derby line is a railway line in central and North West England, running from Crewe south east to Derby via Stoke-on-Trent and Uttoxeter.
The Crewe–Manchester line is a railway line in North West England, running from Crewe north east to Manchester.
Crimplene is a texturised continuous fibre launched in 1959, produced by modifying Terylene.
Croda International plc is a British speciality chemicals company based at Snaith in the East Riding of Yorkshire.
Crosby is a coastal town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, in Merseyside, England.
Crossens is the northernmost district of the town of Southport, Merseyside, England, and part of the ancient parish of North Meols.
A crossword is a word puzzle that usually takes the form of a square or a rectangular grid of white-and black-shaded squares.
Crown Paints is a major paint manufacturer based in Darwen, Lancashire.
Crown Wallpaper, also known as the Crown Wallpaper Company, was an agglomeration of wallpaper manufacturers in the United Kingdom in 1899.
Crumpsall is a suburb and electoral ward of Manchester, England.
Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.
Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England.
Cumbria County Council is the county council of Cumbria, a county in the North West of England.
The Cumbrian dialect is a local Northern English dialect in decline, spoken in Cumbria (including historic Cumberland and Westmorland) and surrounding northern England, not to be confused with the area's extinct Celtic language, Cumbric.
Cumbric was a variety of the Common Brittonic language spoken during the Early Middle Ages in the Hen Ogledd or "Old North" in what is now Northern England and southern Lowland Scotland.
Cummersdale is a village in Cumbria, England, just outside the southern outskirts of Carlisle.
A currency detector or currency validator is a device that determines whether notes or coins are genuine or counterfeit.
A curtain wall system is an outer covering of a building in which the outer walls are non-structural, utilized to keep the weather out and the occupants in.
Cushman & Wakefield Inc. is an American commercial real estate services company.
A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator invented by Ernest O. Lawrence in 1929-1930 at the University of California, Berkeley, and patented in 1932.
dabs.com was an e-commerce retailer in the United Kingdom and a subsidiary of BT Group.
The Daily Express is a daily national middle market tabloid newspaper in the United Kingdom.
The Daily Express Building, located on Great Ancoats Street, Manchester, England, is a Grade II* listed building which was designed by engineer, Sir Owen Williams.
The Daily Star is a daily tabloid newspaper published from Monday to Saturday in the United Kingdom since 2 November 1978.
Dairy Crest Group plc is a leading British dairy products company.
Daisy Group Limited (formerly known as Freedom4 Group plc and Pipex Communications plc) is a British company that sells Internet and telecommunications services, including internet hosting, broadband Internet connections, and VOIP.
Dalton is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, USA.
Dalton-in-Furness is a small town of 8,125 people, north east of Barrow-in-Furness, in Cumbria, England.
Dane Road is a tram stop on the Altrincham Line of Greater Manchester's Metrolink light rail system.
Daresbury is a village and civil parish in Cheshire, England, which at the 2001 Census had a population of 216.
Darts is a sport in which small missiles/torpedoes/arrows/darts are thrown at a circular dartboard fixed to a wall.
Darwen is a market town and civil parish located in Lancashire, England.
Datong is a prefecture-level city in northern Shanxi Province in the People's Republic of China.
David Whelan (born 24 November 1936) is an English former footballer.
DBS Civilian HR is a unit within the Defence Business Services (DBS) organisation of the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence (MoD).
DCC plc is an international sales, marketing and support services group.
The de Havilland Firestreak is a British first-generation, passive infrared homing (heat seeking) air-to-air missile.
De La Rue plc is a British banknote manufacturing, security printing of passports and tax stamps, brand authentication and paper-making company with headquarters in Basingstoke, Hampshire, England.
Dee 106.3 (also Dee on DAB) is an Independent Local Radio station serving the city of Chester and surrounding areas.
The Defence Bills Agency was an executive agency of the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence (MoD) which paid the bills from MOD contracts, invoices and collects MOD receipts and provides financial management information to budget holders.
Defence Business Services (DBS) is one of the largest ‘Shared Services Centres’ in Europe and was initially set up to deliver Corporate HR, Payroll, Finance, Vetting and Information Services across the Ministry of Defence (MOD).
Delta Air Lines, Inc., commonly referred to as Delta, is a major United States airline, with its headquarters and largest hub at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia.
Dennis Eagle Limited is a UK-based dustcart manufacturer that is owned by Terberg RosRoca Group, Europe’s largest refuse collection vehicle manufacturer and the second largest refuse collection vehicle manufacturer in the world.
Denton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester, England, five miles (8 km) east of Manchester city centre.
The Department for Transport (DfT) is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved.
Three distinct coal-fired power stations were built at Deptford on the south bank of the River Thames, the first of which is regarded as the first central high-voltage power station in the world.
DHL Freight is a division of Deutsche Post DHL providing road and rail freight services across Europe, parts of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), North Africa and the Middle East.
Diageo plc is a British multinational alcoholic beverages company, with its headquarters in London, England.
A digestive biscuit, sometimes described as a sweet-meal biscuit, is a semi-sweet biscuit that originated in Scotland, and is popular worldwide.
The digital switchover is the name given to the process by which analogue terrestrial television in the United Kingdom was replaced with digital terrestrial television.
Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.
Diodes Incorporated is an American manufacturer and supplier of discrete, logic, analog and mixed-signal semiconductors.
A direct bank (sometimes called a branchless bank, virtual bank or an internet-only bank) is a bank without any branch network that offers its services remotely via online banking and telephone banking and may also provide access via ATMs (often through interbank network alliances), mail and mobile.
Disability Living Allowance (DLA) is a social security benefit in the United Kingdom paid to eligible claimants who have personal care and/or mobility needs as a result of a mental or physical disability.
The Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) is a non-departmental public body of the Home Office of the United Kingdom.
A distribution board (also known as panelboard, breaker panel, or electric panel) is a component of an electricity supply system that divides an electrical power feed into subsidiary circuits, while providing a protective fuse or circuit breaker for each circuit in a common enclosure.
Distribution network operators (DNOs) are companies licensed to distribute electricity in Great Britain by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets.
Ditton is a residential area of Widnes, in the borough of Halton, England.
Diving equipment is equipment used by underwater divers to make diving activities possible, easier, safer and/or more comfortable.
A diving regulator is a pressure regulator that reduces pressurized breathing gas to ambient pressure and delivers it to the diver.
DNA paternity testing is the use of DNA profiling (known as genetic fingerprinting) to determine whether two individuals are biologically parent and child.
DNV GL is an international accredited registrar and classification society headquartered in Høvik, Norway.
In law, domicile is the status or attribution of being a lawful permanent resident in a particular jurisdiction.
Douglas (Doolish) is the capital and largest town of the Isle of Man, with a population of 27,938 (2011).
Dovenby Hall is a country house in of land at Dovenby, about north-west of Cockermouth, Cumbria, England.
Droylsden is a town in Greater Manchester, England, to the east of Manchester city centre and west-southwest of Ashton-under-Lyne, with a population of 23,172.
DS Smith plc is a leading British-based international packaging business.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Dukinfield is a town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England, on the south bank of the River Tame opposite Ashton-under-Lyne, east of Manchester.
Dulux is an internationally available brand of architectural paint.
Dune FM was an Independent Local Radio station serving Southport, Sefton and surrounding areas between 1997 and 2012.
DXC Technology (stylized as DXC.technology) is an end-to-end services company headquartered in Tysons Corner, Virginia.
Eastham Oil Terminal is situated close to the small town of Eastham on the Wirral Peninsula, beside the Manchester Ship Canal.
Eastham is a village and an electoral ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in Merseyside, England.
Eastman Chemical Company, an American Fortune 500 company, is a global specialty chemical company that produces a broad range of advanced materials, chemicals and fibers for everyday purposes.
EasyJet Airline Company Limited, styled as easyJet, is a British low-cost carrier airline headquartered at London Luton Airport.
Eaton Corporation Plc is a multinational power management company with 2017 sales of $20.4 billion, founded in the United States with corporate headquarters in Dublin, Ireland.
Eccles (pop. 38,756 (2011)) is a town in Greater Manchester, England, west of Salford and west of Manchester city centre, between the M602 motorway to the north and the Manchester Ship Canal to the south. Historically part of Lancashire, Eccles grew up around the 13th-century Parish Church of St Mary. Evidence of pre-historic human settlement has been discovered locally, but the area was predominantly agricultural until the Industrial Revolution, when a textile industry was established in the town. The arrival of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the world's first passenger railway, led to the town's expansion along the route of the track linking those two cities. Eccles cakes, first produced and sold in the town in 1793, are now exported across the world.
Eccleston is a village and former civil parish, now in the parish of Eaton and Eccleston, in the county of Cheshire, the borough of Cheshire West, and close to Chester.
Eden is a local government district in Cumbria, England.
Edenfield is a village within the Rossendale borough of Lancashire, England.
Edge Hill University is a campus-based public university in Ormskirk, Lancashire, England, which opened in 1885 as Edge Hill College, the first non-denominational teacher training college for women in England, before admitting its first male students in 1959.
Edge Lane is a main road running from the periphery of Liverpool city centre at Hall Lane, West towards the M62 motorway's 'Rocket Junction'.
Edmundson Electrical Ltd is a privately held electrical distribution company headquartered in Knutsford, Cheshire, incorporated in 1991.
Foden Trucks was a British truck and bus manufacturing company which had its origins in Sandbach, Cheshire in 1856.
Einhell Germany AG is a German manufacturer of power tools and electrical garden equipment in Landau an der Isar, Germany.
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
A substation is a part of an electrical generation, transmission, and distribution system.
Electrical wiring is an electrical installation of cabling and associated devices such as switches, distribution boards, sockets and light fittings in a structure.
Electrical wiring in the United Kingdom is commonly understood to be an electrical installation for operation by end users within domestic, commercial, industrial, and other buildings, and also in special installations and locations, such as marinas or caravan parks.
Electricity North West is a British electricity distribution network operator, responsible for the administration and maintenance of the network, that distributes electricity throughout the North West of England.
Electrium is a German Owned British manufacturer of electrical wiring accessories, circuit protection, cable management, and control equipment.
An electromagnet is a type of magnet in which the magnetic field is produced by an electric current.
Electron diffraction refers to the wave nature of electrons.
Eli Lilly and Company is a global pharmaceutical company headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, with offices in 18 countries.
Elihu Thomson (March 29, 1853 – March 13, 1937) was an English-born American engineer and inventor who was instrumental in the founding of major electrical companies in the United States, the United Kingdom and France.
Ellesmere Port is a town and port in Cheshire, England, part of the Cheshire West and Chester local authority.
The Ellesmere Port–Warrington line operates between the towns of Ellesmere Port and Warrington in the north-west of England.
Elton is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Emirates (طَيَران الإمارات DMG: Ṭayarān Al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Emley Moor transmitting station is a telecommunications and broadcasting facility on Emley Moor, west of the village centre of Emley, in Kirklees, West Yorkshire, England, made up of a concrete tower and apparatus which began transmitting in 1971.
The Electron Machine with Many Applications or Electron Model for Many Applications (EMMA) is a linear non-scaling FFAG (Fixed Field Alternating Gradient) particle accelerator at Daresbury Laboratory in the UK that can accelerate electrons from 10 to 20 MeV.
The English Electric Company Limited was a British industrial manufacturer formed after the armistice of World War I at the end of 1918.
The English Football League (EFL) is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales.
The English language in Northern England has been shaped by the region's history of settlement and migration, and today encompasses a group of related dialects known as Northern England English (or, simply, Northern English in the United Kingdom).
Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 has been increased through the process of isotope separation.
Enterprise plc was a support services company originally based in Farington in Lancashire, England.
Envirolink Northwest was an organisation which existed to promote, strengthen and support the Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services (LCEGS) sector in England's Northwest.
The EPR is a third generation pressurised water reactor (PWR) design.
ERF was a British truck manufacturer.
Sir Ernest Marsden (19 February 1889 – 15 December 1970) was an English-New Zealand physicist.
ESR Technology was formerly the engineering, safety and risk business of AEA Technology, which was formed from the commercial arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority.
Eternit is a registered trademark for fibre cement.
Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) is a fluorine-based plastic.
Ethel Austin was a British clothing retailer.
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
The European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion, briefly ESPON, is a European funded programme under the objective of "European Territorial Cooperation" of the Cohesion Policy of the European Union.
The European Parliament election was the United Kingdom's component of the 2009 European Parliament election, the voting for which was held on Thursday 4 June 2009.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
Euston railway station (also known as London Euston) is a central London railway terminus on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden, managed by Network Rail.
Everton Football Club is a football club in Liverpool, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Exxon Mobil Corporation, doing business as ExxonMobil, is an American multinational oil and gas corporation headquartered in Irving, Texas.
Failsworth is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, Greater Manchester, England, northeast of Manchester and southwest of Oldham.
Faisalabad (فیصل آباد;; Lyallpur until 1979) is the third-most-populous city in Pakistan, and the second-largest in the eastern province of Punjab.
Faiveley Transport, formerly Faiveley, is an international manufacturer and supplier of equipment for the railway industry founded in 1919.
Falkenberg is a locality and the seat of Falkenberg Municipality, Halland County, Sweden, with 20,035 inhabitants in 2010 (out of a municipal total of 41,000).
Farington is a small village and civil parish in the South Ribble local government district of Lancashire, England.
Farnworth is a town and an unparished area within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England.
Fazakerley is a suburb of north Liverpool, Merseyside, England, and a Liverpool City Council Ward.
The Federation of Small Businesses (FSB) is a UK business organisation representing small and medium-sized businesses.
Ferranti or Ferranti International plc was a UK electrical engineering and equipment firm that operated for over a century from 1885 until it went bankrupt in 1993.
The Ferranti Mark 1, also known as the Manchester Electronic Computer in its sales literature, and thus sometimes called the Manchester Ferranti, was the world's first commercially available general-purpose electronic computer.
A Fixed-Field Alternating Gradient accelerator (FFAG) is a circular particle accelerator concept on which development was started in the early 50s, and that can be characterized by its time-independent magnetic fields (fixed-field, like in a cyclotron) and the use of strong focusing (alternating gradient, like in a synchrotron).
The 1T57 'Fifteen Guinea Special' was the last main-line passenger train to be hauled by steam locomotive power on British Rail on 11 August 1968 before the introduction of a steam ban that started the following day.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A filing cabinet (or sometimes file cabinet in American English) is a piece of office furniture usually used to store paper documents in file folders.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
Findel plc is a British home shopping company, based in Hyde, Greater Manchester.
First Choice Airways was a British charter airline of European tour operator TUI Travel PLC, based in Crawley, England until its merger with Thomsonfly to form Thomson Airways (now TUI Airways) in 2008.
First Milk is a United Kingdom company that supplies milk, cheese and other dairy products.
Fish and chips is a hot dish of English origin consisting of fried battered fish and hot potato chips.
Fleetwood is a town and civil parish within the Wyre district of Lancashire, England, lying at the northwest corner of the Fylde.
Fleetwood Town Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Fleetwood, Lancashire, England.
Fleetwood, also called ''Schlegelschteddel'' in Deitsch, is a borough in Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Flensburg (Danish, Low Saxon: Flensborg; North Frisian: Flansborj; South Jutlandic: Flensborre) is an independent town (kreisfreie Stadt) in the north of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Flimby is an English village in the Borough of Allerdale in Cumbria.
Float glass is a sheet of glass made by floating molten glass on a bed of molten metal, typically tin, although lead and various low melting point alloys were used in the past.
Flybe (pronounced) based in Exeter, England, is the largest independent regional airline in Europe.
Focus DIY was a privately owned chain of DIY stores in the United Kingdom.
Foodservice (US English) or catering industry (British English) defines those businesses, institutions, and companies responsible for any meal prepared outside the home.
In the United Kingdom, the football pools, often referred to as "the pools", is a betting pool based on predicting the outcome of top-level association football matches taking place in the coming week.
The Ford Escort is a small family car which was manufactured by Ford Europe from 1968 to 2004.
The Ford Mondeo is a mid-sized or large family car manufactured by Ford since 1993.
Ford of Europe AG is a subsidiary company of Ford Motor Company founded in 1967 in Cork, Ireland with headquarters in Cologne, Germany.
The Ford Trafford Park Assembly Plant was a car assembly plant established by the UK subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company.
The Ford Valencia Body and Assembly is a major car assembly plant located at Almussafes on the southern edge of the Valencia conurbation, Spain.
The Forest of Bowland, also known as the Bowland Fells, is an area of barren gritstone fells, deep valleys and peat moorland, mostly in north-east Lancashire, England with a small part in North Yorkshire (before 1974, some of the area was in the West Riding of Yorkshire).
Formby is a civil parish and town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside, England, which had a population of 22,419 at the 2011 Census.
Fort Lauderdale (frequently abbreviated as Ft. Lauderdale) is a city in the U.S. state of Florida, north of Miami.
Foulridge (pronounced) is a small village and civil parish in Pendle, Lancashire, close to the border with North Yorkshire in England.
Four Seasons Health Care is an independent British provider of health and social care services.
Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater (21 May 1736 – 8 March 1803), known as Lord Francis Egerton until 1748, was a British nobleman from the Egerton family.
Francis Herbert Wenham (1824, Kensington – 1908), commonly referred to as Frank, was a British marine engineer who studied the problem of human flight and wrote a perceptive and influential academic paper which he presented to the first meeting of the Royal Aeronautical Society in London in 1866.
Frank Hornby (15 May 1863 – 21 September 1936) was an English inventor, businessman and politician.
Franke Holding AG, based in Aarburg, Switzerland, is an industrial manufacturer with companies located around the world.
Frederick's Dairies was an ice cream manufacturer that held the licence to make a number of branded ice cream products and variations.
The Freudenberg Group is a German family-owned diversified group of companies whose products include housewares and cleaning products, automobile parts, textiles, building materials, and telecommunications.
Frodsham is a market town, civil parish and electoral ward in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie", is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation.
A fuel card or fleet card is used as a payment card most commonly for gasoline, diesel, and other fuels at gas stations.
Fulfillment house and fulfillment center (in British English: fulfilment house and fulfilment centre) are modern terms for a packing warehouse.
Fulvestrant, sold under the brand name Faslodex among others, is a medication used to treat hormone receptor (HR)-positive metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women with disease progression as well as HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer in combination with palbociclib in women with disease progression after endocrine therapy.
Fulwood is an affluent township in Lancashire, England, forming much of the northern half of the unparished area of the City of Preston district.
Furness is a peninsula and region of Cumbria in northwestern England.
Furness College is a college of further education in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria.
A g-suit, or the more accurately named anti-g suit, is a flight suit worn by aviators and astronauts who are subject to high levels of acceleration force (g).
The GABA receptors are a class of receptors that respond to the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the chief inhibitory compound in the mature vertebrate central nervous system.
Garston is a district of Liverpool, England.
GCE Group is a gas-equipment company based in Malmö, Sweden.
A gate valve, also known as a sluice valve, is a valve which opens by lifting a round or rectangular gate/wedge out of the path of the fluid.
Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne.
Gatley is a suburban area of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England.
Public Joint Stock Company Gazprom (Публи́чное акционе́рное о́бщество «Газпром», Publichnoe Aktsionernoe Obshchestvo Gazprom, abbreviated PAO Gazprom, ПАО «Газпром») is a large Russian company founded in 1989, which carries on the business of extraction, production, transport, and sale of natural gas.
Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.
GEC Traction Limited was a British industrial company formed in 1972 which designed and manufactured electric traction equipment for railway rolling stock.
Geesthacht is the largest city in the District of the Duchy of Lauenburg (Herzogtum Lauenburg) in Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany, 34 km southeast of Hamburg on the right bank of the river Elbe.
The Geiger counter is an instrument used for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation used widely in applications such as radiation dosimetry, radiological protection, experimental physics and the nuclear industry.
The Geiger–Marsden experiment(s) (also called the Rutherford gold foil experiment) were a landmark series of experiments by which scientists discovered that every atom contains a nucleus where all of its positive charge and most of its mass are concentrated.
General anaesthetics (or anesthetics, see spelling differences) are often defined as compounds that induce a reversible loss of consciousness in humans or loss of righting reflex in animals.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
The General Electric Company, or GEC, was a major UK-based industrial conglomerate involved in consumer and defence electronics, communications, and engineering.
A geogrid is geosynthetic material used to reinforce soils and similar materials.
George Johnstone Stoney FRS (15 February 1826 – 5 July 1911) was an Irish physicist.
Sir George Paget Thomson, FRS (3 May 1892 – 10 September 1975) was an English physicist and Nobel laureate in physics recognised for his discovery of the wave properties of the electron by electron diffraction.
Getrag, stylized as GETRAG, is the world's largest supplier of transmission systems for passenger cars and commercial vehicles.
Gift Aid is a UK tax incentive that enables tax-effective giving by individuals to charities in the United Kingdom.
A gift card (also known as gift certificate in North America, or gift voucher or gift token in the UK) is a prepaid stored-value money card usually issued by a retailer or bank to be used as an alternative to cash for purchases within a particular store or related businesses.
Girlguiding is the operating name of The Guide Association, previously named The Girl Guides Association and is the national guiding organisation of the United Kingdom.
National Girobank was a British public sector financial institution run by the General Post Office that opened for business in October 1968.
Givaudan is a Swiss manufacturer of flavors, fragrances, and active cosmetic ingredients.
Gladstone Dock is a dock on the River Mersey, England, and part of the Port of Liverpool.
GlenDimplex (formerly known as Glen Electric) is an Irish based consumer electrical goods firm headquartered in Dublin, Ireland.
Godley is a suburb in Hyde, Greater Manchester, England.
Golborne (go:bə:n) is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England.
Golden syrup or light treacle is a thick, amber-coloured form of inverted sugar syrup made in the process of refining sugar cane or sugar beet juice into sugar, or by treatment of a sugar solution with acid.
Gorse Hill is an area in Stretford, Greater Manchester, England.
Goserelin, or goserelin acetate, sold under the brand name Zoladex (by AstraZeneca) among others, is a medication which is used to suppress production of the sex hormones (testosterone and estrogen), particularly in the treatment of breast and prostate cancer.
Government Offices for the English Regions (GOs) were established in 1994 by the John Major administration.
A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries, originally a school teaching Latin, but more recently an academically-oriented secondary school, differentiated in recent years from less academic Secondary Modern Schools.
Granada Reports (branded on-screen as ITV News Granada Reports) is a regional news programme for North West England and the Isle of Man, produced by ITV Granada.
Grand Central Stockport is a retail, entertainment and leisure complex in Stockport, Greater Manchester.
Graphene is a semi-metal with a small overlap between the valence and the conduction bands (zero bandgap material).
Great Britain, represented by the British Olympic Association (BOA), competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 5 to 21 August 2016 and the team of selected athletes was officially known as Team GB.
This is a list of Great Britain commemorative stamps 2010–2019.
The Great Britain road numbering scheme is a numbering scheme used to classify and identify all roads in Great Britain.
Great Sankey is a civil parish and suburb of Warrington, Cheshire, England.
Greater London is a region of England which forms the administrative boundaries of London, as well as a county for the purposes of the lieutenancies.
Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2,782,100.
The Greater Manchester Built-up Area is an area of land defined by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), consisting of the large conurbation that encompasses the urban element of the city of Manchester and the continuous metropolitan area that spreads outwards from it, forming much of Greater Manchester in North West England.
The Greater Manchester Combined Authority (GMCA) is the combined authority of Greater Manchester, England.
Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone in its human form), is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.
Guide Bridge railway station serves Guide Bridge in Audenshaw, Greater Manchester, England, and is operated by Northern.
Guinness is an Irish dry stout that originated in the brewery of Arthur Guinness (1725–1803) at St. James's Gate brewery in the capital city of Dublin, Ireland.
Gulf Oil was a major global oil company from 1901 to 1981.
Gwyneth Patricia Dunwoody (née Phillips; 12 December 1930 – 17 April 2008) was a British moderate Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Exeter from 1966 to 1970, and then for Crewe (later Crewe and Nantwich) from 1974 to her death in 2008.
Habergham Eaves is a civil parish in the borough of Burnley, in Lancashire, England.
Halebank is a civil parish in the borough of Halton, Cheshire, England.
Halewood is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England.
Halewood Academy is a secondary school in Halewood, Merseyside, United Kingdom with 980 students.
Halewood Body & Assembly is a Jaguar Land Rover production facility in Halewood, Merseyside, England.
Halewood International is a manufacturer and distributor of alcoholic beverages in Merseyside.
Halothane, sold under the brandname Fluothane among others, is a general anesthetic.
Halton Borough Council is the local authority of the Borough of Halton.
Handforth is a suburban town between Wilmslow, Heald Green and Styal in Cheshire, England.
Handforth Dean is a retail park situated in Handforth, near Wilmslow in Cheshire.
Johannes Wilhelm "Hans" Geiger (30 September 1882 – 24 September 1945) was a German physicist.
Hans Renold (31 July 1852 - 2 May 1943) was a Swiss/British engineer, inventor and industrialist in Britain, who founded the Renold manufacturing textile-chain making business in 1879, and with Alexander Hamilton Church is credited for introducing scientific management also known as Taylorism to England.
Hanson Cement is a cement production company located in the United Kingdom.
Hapsford is a village and former civil parish, now in the parish of Dunham-on-the-Hill and Hapsford, in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Hardknott Pass is a hill pass that carries a minor road between Eskdale and the Duddon Valley in the Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England.
Hartley's is a brand of marmalades, jams and jellies, originally from the United Kingdom, which is manufactured at Histon, Cambridgeshire.
Haslingden is a town in Rossendale, Lancashire, England.
Hayange (German: Hayingen, Lorraine Franconian: Héngen/Haiéngen) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Haydock is a village within the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, in Merseyside, England.
Hazel Grove is a suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England, close to the Peak District national park.
Hazel Grove is a constituency in Greater Manchester, England represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by William Wragg, a Conservative.
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is the body responsible for the encouragement, regulation and enforcement of workplace health, safety and welfare, and for research into occupational risks in Great Britain.
Heart North Lancashire & Cumbria (formerly The Bay) is a local radio station owned and operated by Global Radio as part of the Heart network.
Heart North West is a regional radio station owned and operated by Global Radio as part of the Heart network.
Heaton Park is a municipal park in Manchester, England, covering an area of over.
Heilbronn is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
The Heimbach Group is a supplier of textiles for the paper manufacturing, environmental technology and other industries.
Hem is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Henkel AG & Company, KGaA, is a German chemical and consumer goods company headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.
Henry Brunner (22 January 1838 – 17 June 1916) was an English chemist.
Sir Henry Tate, 1st Baronet (11 March 18195 December 1899) was an English sugar merchant and philanthropist, noted for establishing the Tate Gallery in London.
Heysham is a large coastal village near Lancaster, Lancashire, England, overlooking Morecambe Bay.
Heywood is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England.
The term high voltage usually means electrical energy at voltages high enough to inflict harm on living organisms.
Highways England (formerly the Highways Agency) is the government-owned company charged with operating, maintaining and improving England's motorways and major A roads.
Hilden is a city in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindley is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in Greater Manchester, England.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.
Histon and Impington are villages in the County of Cambridgeshire, England.
Hits Radio (formerly Key 103 and Piccadilly Radio) is a commercial radio station, broadcasting to Greater Manchester on 103 FM & DAB and across the UK on digital platforms.
HM Prison Liverpool (formerly Walton Gaol) is a category B/C local men's prison in Walton, Liverpool, England.
HM Prison Manchester (commonly known as Strangeways) is a high-security men's prison in Manchester, England, operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HMS Plym (K271) was a that served in the Royal Navy between 1943 and 1952.
Hollinwood tram stop is a tram stop on the Oldham and Rochdale Line (ORL) in Hollinwood, Greater Manchester, England.
Holme Moss (a.s.l.) is high moorland on the border between the Holme Valley district of Kirklees in West Yorkshire and the High Peak district of Derbyshire in England.
Holy Cross College is a Catholic Sixth Form College on Manchester Road in Bury, Greater Manchester, England.
Home Bargains is a chain of discount stores founded in 1976 by Tom Morris in Liverpool, England, as Home and Bargain.
The HomeForm Group was one of the largest retailers of fitted home improvement products in the United Kingdom.
Hoole is a suburb in the east of Chester, in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Hope Technology is a bicycle component manufacturer based in Barnoldswick, administrative county of Lancashire (since 1974), but traditionally and historically in the county of Yorkshire, UK.
Hopwood Hall College is a further education college that is based in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, North West of England.
Horwich is a town and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.
HOT Animation was a British stop motion animation, 2D cel animation & computer animation studio, established in 1998 by Jackie Cockle, Brian Little, and Joe Dembinski.
Housekeeping refers to the management of duties and chores involved in the running of a household, such as cleaning, cooking, home maintenance, shopping, laundry and bill pay.
Hugh Baird College is a further education College situated in Merseyside, England.
Hulme Walfield is a small village and civil parish, just north of Congleton, in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire.
Huncoat railway station is a railway station which serves the village of Huncoat, between Accrington and Burnley in Lancashire, England.
Hunt's Cross is a suburb of Liverpool, England.
Hurdsfield is a city in Wells County, North Dakota, United States.
Huyton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, in Merseyside, England.
Hyde is a town in Greater Manchester, England, which in 2011 had a population of 34,003.
Hyndburn is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England, whose council is based in Accrington, and the district is named after the River Hyndburn.
The IBM 3270 is a class of block oriented computer terminal (sometimes called display devices) introduced by IBM in 1971 normally used to communicate with IBM mainframes.
An ice cream van (British) or ice cream truck (American) is a commercial vehicle that serves as a mobile retail outlet for ice cream, usually during the summer.
Icing, often called frosting in the United States, is a sweet, often creamy glaze made of sugar with a liquid, such as water or milk, that is often enriched with ingredients like butter, egg whites, cream cheese, or flavorings.
Iggesund Paperboard is a commission company of the Holmen Group and Europe's third largest manufacturer of high quality virgin fibre paperboard.
IKEA is a Swedish-founded multinational group, that designs and sells, kitchen appliances and home accessories.
Ilford Photo is a UK manufacturer of photographic materials known worldwide for its black-and-white film and papers and chemicals, as previously as its range of Ilfochrome and Ilfocolor colour printing materials, before these were discontinued.
Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) was a British chemical company and was, for much of its history, the largest manufacturer in Britain.
The Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA) was a non-departmental public body for England, Northern Ireland and Wales, that existed until 1 December 2012, when it merged with the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) to form the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS).
The Indices of deprivation 2007 (ID 2007) is a deprivation index at the small area level, created by the British Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) and released on 12 June 2007.
An Individual Savings Account (ISA) is a class of retail investment arrangements available to residents of the United Kingdom.
An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
INEOS is a privately owned multinational chemicals company headquartered in London, UK, and with registered offices in Lyndhurst, Hampshire, UK and London, United Kingdom.
Influenza vaccines, also known as flu shots or flu jabs, are vaccines that protect against infection by Influenza viruses.
Infrared homing is a passive weapon guidance system which uses the infrared (IR) light emission from a target to track and follow it.
Feodor Ingvar Kamprad (30 March 1926 – 27 January 2018) was a Swedish.
An Injection molding machine, or (Injection moulding machine BrE), also known as an injection press, is a machine for manufacturing plastic products by the injection molding process.
The Inland Revenue was, until April 2005, a department of the British Government responsible for the collection of direct taxation, including income tax, national insurance contributions, capital gains tax, inheritance tax, corporation tax, petroleum revenue tax and stamp duty.
Innospec Inc., formerly known as Octel Corporation and Associated Octel Company, Ltd., is a global specialty chemical company.
Innovia Films is a British international manufacturer and supplier of biaxially-oriented polypropylene (BOPP) and cellulose films for speciality packaging, labelling, graphic arts and industrial products.
Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional trains.
InterCity (or, in the earliest days, the hyphenated Inter-City) was introduced by British Rail in 1966 as a brand-name for its long-haul express passenger services (see British Rail brand names for a full history).
InterCity 125 was the brand name of British Rail's diesel-powered High Speed Train (HST) fleet, which was built from 1975 to 1982 and was introduced in 1976.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The International Cheese Awards is a cheese show and competition held each year at Dorfold Park near Nantwich, England.
The International Netball Federation (INF), formerly the "International Federation of Netball Associations" (IFNA), is the worldwide governing body for Netball.
International Nuclear Services (INS) is a United Kingdom company involved in the management and transportation of nuclear fuels.
Irish migration to Great Britain has occurred from the earliest recorded history to the present.
The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann / An Mhuir Mheann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sea, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St George's Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the Straits of Moyle.
Irlam is a town in the City of Salford, Greater Manchester, England.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Isle of Man Steam Packet Company Limited (abbreviated to IoMSPCo.) (Sheshaght Phaggad Bree Ellan Vannin) is the oldest continuously operating passenger shipping company in the world, celebrating its 180th anniversary in 2010.
Italians in the United Kingdom, also known as British Italians or colloquially Britalians, are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom of Italian heritage.
Itron is an American technology company that offers products and services on energy and water resource management.
ITV Granada (formerly Granada Television; informally Granada) is the Channel 3 regional service for North West England and the Isle of Man.
ITV Tyne Tees & Border is a non-franchise ITV regional service covering County Durham, Northumberland, North Yorkshire, Teesside, Tyne and Wear, Cumbria, Dumfries and Galloway, and the Scottish Borders.
Sir Joseph John Thomson (18 December 1856 – 30 August 1940) was an English physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics, credited with the discovery and identification of the electron; and with the discovery of the first subatomic particle.
Jacob's is a brand name for several lines of biscuits and crackers in Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Jaffa Cakes are biscuit-sized cakes introduced by McVitie and Price in the UK in 1927 and named after Jaffa oranges.
Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England and owned by the Indian company Tata Motors since 2008.
Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC is the holding company of Jaguar Land Rover Limited, a British multinational automotive company with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom, and a subsidiary of Indian automotive company Tata Motors.
The Jaguar X-Type is a front-engine, all-wheel drive entry-level luxury car manufactured and marketed by Jaguar Cars from 2001 to 2009 under the internal designation X400, for a single generation, in sedan and wagon body styles.
James Brindley (1716 – 27 September 1772) was an English engineer.
James Henry Ellis (25 September 1924 – 25 November 1997) was a British engineer and cryptographer.
James Hargreaves (c. 1720 – 22 April 1778) was a weaver, carpenter and inventor in Lancashire, England.
is a Japanese company that produces sewing machines, with manufacturing plants in Japan, Taiwan and Thailand.
Jarden was a U.S. consumer products company.
JD Sports Fashion plc, more commonly known as just JD, is a sports-fashion retail company based in Bury, Greater Manchester, England with shops throughout the United Kingdom.
Jelly Babies are a type of soft sugar jelly sweet, shaped as plump babies in a variety of colours.
Jennings Brewery was established as a family concern in 1828 in the village of Lorton, between Buttermere and Cockermouth in the Lake District, England.
Jet2.com Limited, often known simply as Jet2, is a British low-cost airline based at Leeds Bradford Airport, England.
JJB Sports plc (stylized as JJb sports) was a British sports retailer.
Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) is an unemployment benefit paid by the Government of the United Kingdom to people who are unemployed and actively seeking work.
John Benjamin Dancer (8 October 1812 – 24 November 1887) was a British scientific instrument maker and inventor of microphotography.
Sir John Charnley, (29 August 1911 – 5 August 1982) was a British orthopaedic surgeon.
John Dalton FRS (6 September 1766 – 27 July 1844) was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist.
John Gilbert (1724–1795) was land agent and engineer to the third Duke of Bridgewater and is credited with the idea that led to the building of the Bridgewater Canal.
The John Lewis Partnership PLC (JLP) is a British company which operates John Lewis department stores, Waitrose supermarkets, its banking and financial services, and other retail-related activities.
John Rex Whinfield CBE (16 February 1901 in Sutton, Surrey, England – 6 July 1966 in Dorking, Surrey) was a British chemist who, together with James Tennant Dickson investigated polyesters and in 1941 produced and patented the first polyester fibre which they named Terylene, also known as Dacron, equal to or surpassing nylon in toughness and resilience.
John West Foods is a United Kingdom-based seafood marketing company established in 1857, and currently owned by Thai Union Group of Thailand.
Johnson Matthey is a British multinational speciality chemicals and sustainable technologies company headquartered in the United Kingdom.
Johnsons Cleaners UK Ltd. of Preston Brook, Cheshire, England is a provider of dry cleaning services in the United Kingdom.
Joseph Crosfield (5 October 1792 – 16 February 1844) was a businessman who established a soap and chemical manufacturing business in Warrington, which was in the historic county of Lancashire and is now in the ceremonial county of Cheshire.
Joseph Holt is a brewery in Manchester, England founded in 1849.
Joseph Huddart FRS (1741–1816) was a British hydrographer, engineer and inventor.
Joseph William Livesey (5 March 1794 – 2 September 1884) was an English temperance campaigner, social reformer, local politician, writer, publisher, newspaper proprietor and philanthropist.
Jura Elektroapparate AG is a Swiss developer and distributor of home appliances, headquartered in Niederbuchsiten, Canton of Solothurn.
Jysk A/S (corporately styled JYSK) (franchises in other countries operate under various names) is a Danish retail chain, selling household goods such as mattresses, furniture and interior décor.
Kalisz (Old Greek: Καλισία, Latin: Calisia, Yiddish: קאַליש, Kalisch) is a city in central Poland with 101,625 inhabitants (December 2017), the capital city of the Kalisz Region.
Katowice Steelworks (Polish: Huta Katowice) is a large steel plant, located in southern Poland, on the boundary between historical provinces of Lesser Poland and Upper Silesia.
Kawneer is an American manufacturer of architectural aluminum systems and products for the commercial construction industry.
is a Japanese, Tokyo-based automotive company.
Kelbrook is a village in the civil parish of Kelbrook and Sough, Borough of Pendle, in Lancashire, England.
Kellogg's is a DBA for the Kellogg Company, an American multinational food-manufacturing company headquartered in Battle Creek, Michigan, United States.
Kemira GrowHow is a fertilizer producer headquartered in downtown Helsinki, Finland.
Kendal, anciently known as Kirkby in Kendal or Kirkby Kendal, is a market town and civil parish within the South Lakeland District of Cumbria, England.
Kerry Group is a public food company headquartered in Ireland.
Keswick is an English market town and civil parish, historically in Cumberland, and since 1974 in the Borough of Allerdale in Cumbria.
KFC, until 1991 known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is an American fast food restaurant chain that specializes in fried chicken.
Killarney is a town in County Kerry, southwestern Ireland.
King George V College (KGV) is a sixth form college in Southport, Merseyside, England.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
The Kingdom of Northumbria (Norþanhymbra rīce) was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland.
Kingmoor is a civil parish in the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England, to the north west of Carlisle city centre.
Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Kirkby is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside, England.
Kirklees is a local government district of West Yorkshire, England, governed by Kirklees Council with the status of a metropolitan borough.
Kitchen sink realism (or kitchen sink drama) is a British cultural movement that developed in the late 1950s and early 1960s in theatre, art, novels, film, and television plays, whose protagonists usually could be described as "angry young men" who were disillusioned with modern society.
Kleeneze Homecare was a British multi-level marketing company started in 1923, in Hanham, Bristol.
The KME Group is one of the world's largest copper producers.
Knauf Insulation is an international company owned by the Knauf family and is an important manufacturer of insulation products in the US and Europe.
Knowsley Community College is a further education college based over three sites in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, in Merseyside, England.
Sir Konstantin Sergeevich Novoselov (born 1974) is a Russian-British physicist, and Langworthy Professor in the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester.
Kozloduy is a town of 13,771 inhabitants in northwest Bulgaria, located in Vratsa Province, on the Danube River.
Kranj (Krainburg) is the fourth-largest city in Slovenia, with a population of 37,373 (2015).
KraussMaffei Group GmbH is a manufacturer of injection molding machines, machines for plastics extrusion technology, and reaction process machinery.
Krones AG is a German packaging and bottling machine manufacturer.
Laing O'Rourke is a multinational construction company headquartered in Dartford, England, United Kingdom.
Lake County is a county in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Illinois.
The Lake District, also known as the Lakes or Lakeland, is a mountainous region in North West England.
Lakeland is a chain of British kitchenware stores in the United Kingdom.
Lamb's Navy Rum is a sugar-cane based Caribbean rum popular in Canada and the UK.
Lambrini is a light and fruity perry that is manufactured in Liverpool by Halewood International.
Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.
Lancashire County Council is the upper-tier local authority for the non-metropolitan county of Lancashire, England.
The Lancashire dialect and accent (Lanky) refers to the Northern English vernacular speech of the English county of Lancashire.
The Lancashire Evening Post is a daily newspaper based in Fulwood, a suburb of the city of Preston, Lancashire, England.
The Lancashire Telegraph, formerly the Lancashire Evening Telegraph, is a local tabloid newspaper distributed in East Lancashire, England.
Lancaster and Morecambe College is a further education College situated on Torrisholme Road, halfway between Lancaster and Morecambe, Lancashire, England.
Lancaster Girls' Grammar School (LGGS) is a selective state grammar school with academy status for girls on Regent Street in Lancaster, England.
Lancaster University, also officially known as the University of Lancaster, is a public research university in the City of Lancaster, Lancashire, England.
Lancaster is the county town of Lancashire, England. It is on the River Lune and has a population of 52,234; the wider City of Lancaster local government district has a population of 138,375. Long a commercial, cultural and educational centre, Lancaster gives Lancashire its name. The House of Lancaster was a branch of the English royal family, whilst the Duchy of Lancaster holds large estates on behalf of Elizabeth II, who is also the Duke of Lancaster. Lancaster is an ancient settlement, dominated by Lancaster Castle, Lancaster Priory Church and the Ashton Memorial. It is also home to Lancaster University and a campus of the University of Cumbria.
The Land Rover Freelander was a compact sport utility vehicle (SUV) which was produced by the British manufacturer Land Rover, in both two-wheel and four-wheel drive versions, from 1997 to 2014.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
Landsberg am Lech (Landsberg on the river Lech) is a town in southwest Bavaria, Germany, about 65 kilometers west of Munich and 35 kilometers south of Augsburg.
Laporte plc was a leading British chemicals business that operated from 1888 to 2000.
Larne (the name of a Gaelic territory) is a seaport and industrial market town, as well as a civil parish, on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland, with a population of 18,323 people in the 2008 Estimate.
Lathom is a village and civil parish in Lancashire, England, about 3 miles (5 km) northeast of Ormskirk.
Latin American migration to the United Kingdom dates back to the early 19th century.
Laundry detergent, or washing powder, is a type of detergent (cleaning agent) that is added for cleaning laundry.
Layton is a district and electoral ward of the town of Blackpool.
Lörrach is a city in southwest Germany, in the valley of the Wiese, close to the French and the Swiss borders.
Lünen (Luenen) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.
Lea-by-Backford is a hamlet and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Leasowe is an area on the north coast of the Wirral Peninsula, in North West England, near Moreton and between Wallasey and Meols.
Leasowe railway station is situated near the village of Leasowe, Wirral, England.
LEC Refrigeration, known by its full title as Longford Engineering Company Refrigeration, is a British company manufacturing refrigerators and freezers.
A LED lamp or LED light bulb is an electric light for use in light fixtures that produces light using light-emitting diode (LED).
Ledsham is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Lee Valley VeloPark is a cycling centre on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, East London.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
Leek is a market town and civil parish in the county of Staffordshire, England, on the River Churnet.
Leicestershire (abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands.
Leigh Centurions are a professional rugby league club in Leigh, Greater Manchester, England, who compete in the Championship.
Leigh is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester, England, southeast of Wigan and west of Manchester, on low-lying land northwest of Chat Moss.
Leiria (ɸlāryo) is a city and a municipality in the Centro Region of Portugal.
Lex Autolease was created in May 2009, from the merger of HBOS owned Lex Vehicle Leasing with Lloyds TSB Autolease, and is the United Kingdom's largest vehicle leasing business with a fleet of about 270,000 vehicles.
Leyland Trucks is the leading medium and heavy duty truck manufacturer in the United Kingdom, and is based in the town of Leyland, Lancashire.
Leyland is a town in the South Ribble borough, in the county of Lancashire, England.
A lifeboat is a small, rigid or inflatable boat carried for emergency evacuation in the event of a disaster aboard a ship.
A linear particle accelerator (often shortened to linac) is a type of particle accelerator that accelerates charged subatomic particles or ions to a high speed by subjecting them to a series of oscillating electric potentials along a linear beamline.
Linnyshaw is an area of Walkden, a town in the City of Salford district of Greater Manchester, England.
London-based Cadbury Enterprises Pvt Limited is the second biggest confectionery company globally after Mars, Incorporated and is a current subsidiary of American company Mondelēz International.
This is a list of ceremonial counties in England by gross value added for the year 2013.
The English football champions are the winners of the highest league in English men's football, which since 1992–93 is the Premier League.
This list comprises the world's largest businesses by consolidated revenue as of 2016, according to the Fortune Global 500 tally.
There are newspapers distributed nationally in the United Kingdom and some in Scotland only, and others serving a smaller area.
Polyurethane products have many uses.
This is a list of institutions in the United Kingdom by the number of students enrolled in higher education courses.
The schools in England are organised into local education authorities.
Litherland is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside.
Lithium Corporation of America is a mining company which mined lithium-bearing spodumene and pegmatite ores near Bessemer City, Gaston County, North Carolina, United States and in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
Little Hulton is an area of the City of Salford, Greater Manchester, England, south of Bolton, west-northwest of Salford, and west-northwest of Manchester.
Littlewoods was a retail and football betting company founded in Liverpool, England, by John Moores in 1923.
Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is a type of influenza vaccine in the form of a nasal spray that is recommended for the prevention of influenza.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in England.
The Liverpool Blue Coat School is a grammar school in Wavertree, Liverpool, England.
The Liverpool Post was a newspaper published by Trinity Mirror in Liverpool, Merseyside, England.
The Liverpool Echo is a newspaper published by Trinity Mirror based in Old Hall Street, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.
Liverpool Football Club is a professional football club in Liverpool, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.
Liverpool Hope University is a public university in Liverpool, England.
Liverpool James Street railway station (commonly shortened to James Street station) is a railway station located in the centre of Liverpool, England, situated on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network.
Liverpool John Lennon Airport is an international airport serving North West England.
Liverpool John Moores University (brevis: LJMU) is a public research university in the city of Liverpool, England.
Liverpool Lime Street is a terminus railway station, and the main station serving the city centre of Liverpool.
Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral, officially known as the Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King, is the seat of the Archbishop of Liverpool and the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Liverpool in Liverpool, England.
The Liverpool Built-up Area (previously Liverpool Urban Area in 2001 and prior) is a term used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to denote the urban area around Liverpool in England, to the east of the River Mersey.
Liverpool, Walton is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Dan Carden of the Labour Party.
Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust runs Liverpool Women's Hospital, a major obstetrics, gynaecology and neonatology research hospital in Liverpool, England.
There were four direct railway routes between Liverpool and Manchester in the North West of England, however only two remain, the two centre routes of the four.
The London Midland and Scottish Railway Class 5 4-6-0, almost universally known as the Black Five, is a class of steam locomotive.
Local transport plans, divided into full local transport plans (LTP) and local implementation plans for transport (LIP) are an important part of transport planning in England.
London Stadium (originally known as the Olympic Stadium) is a stadium within the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park at Stratford, London, England, at Marshgate Lane in the Lower Lea Valley.
Longdendale is a valley in Northern England, north of Glossop and southwest of Holmfirth.
Lookaround (branded on-screen as ITV News Lookaround) is a regional television news and current affairs programme, produced by ITV Tyne Tees & Border from its studios in Gateshead, and serving central and northern Cumbria, Dumfries and Galloway, parts of South Ayrshire, the Scottish Borders and overlap areas of Northumberland.
Loreto College is a Roman Catholics sixth form college in Hulme, Manchester.
Loreto Grammar School is an all-girls Catholic grammar school with academy status in Altrincham, in the borough of Trafford.
Lostock Gralam is a village and civil parish in Cheshire, England, east of Northwich.
Lostock is a mostly residential district of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England.
Love on the Dole is a novel by Walter Greenwood, about working class poverty in 1930s Northern England.
Loyalty programs are structured marketing strategies designed by merchants to encourage customers to continue to shop at or use the services of businesses associated with each program.
Lucchini RS S.p.A. (formerly Lucchini Sidermeccanica S.p.A. and where the acronym "RS" stands for "rolling stock") is an Italian Company, fully owned by the Lucchini Family through a financial holding called Sinpar S.p.A. and divided from Gruppo Lucchini, which was under Russian control of Mr Mordashov and Severstal from 2005 till 2007.
Ludwig Mond (7 March 1839 – 11 December 1909) was a German-born chemist and industrialist who took British nationality.
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.
Lviv (Львів; Львов; Lwów; Lemberg; Leopolis; see also other names) is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016.
LyondellBasell Industries N.V. is a public multinational chemical company with American and European roots, incorporated in the Netherlands, with U.S. operations headquarters in Houston, Texas, and global operations in London, UK.
Lytham St Annes is a seaside resort on the Fylde coast of Lancashire, England, south of Blackpool on the Ribble Estuary.
M-Sport is an auto racing team based at Dovenby Hall near Cockermouth, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom.
The M53 is an motorway in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral and Cheshire on the Wirral Peninsula in England.
The M55 is a motorway in Lancashire, England, which can also be referred to as the Preston Northern Bypass.
The M56 motorway, also known as the North Cheshire motorway, is in Cheshire and Greater Manchester, England.
The M57 motorway, also known as the Liverpool Outer Ring Road, is a road in England.
The M58 is a motorway passing through Merseyside and Lancashire, terminating in Greater Manchester.
The M6 motorway runs from junction 19 of the M1 at the Catthorpe Interchange, near Rugby via Birmingham then heads north, passing Stoke-on-Trent, Liverpool, Manchester, Preston, Lancaster, Carlisle and terminating at the Gretna junction (J45).
The M60 motorway, Manchester Ring Motorway, or Manchester Outer Ring Road, is an orbital motorway in North West England.
The M61 is a motorway in North West England.
The M62 is a west–east trans-Pennine motorway in Northern England, connecting Liverpool and Hull via Manchester and Leeds; of the route is shared with the M60 orbital motorway around Manchester.
The M65 is a motorway in Lancashire, England.
The M66 is a motorway in Lancashire and Greater Manchester, England.
The M67 is a urban motorway in Greater Manchester, England, which heads east from the M60 motorway passing through Denton and Hyde before ending near Mottram.
Macclesfield is a market town and civil parish in Cheshire, England.
Macclesfield College is a Further Education College in Macclesfield, Cheshire which primarily offers BTEC and NVQ qualifications.
Madchester was a music and cultural scene that developed in the Manchester area of North West England in the late 1980s, in which artists merged alternative rock with acid house culture and other sources, including psychedelia and 1960s pop.
A.P. Moller–Maersk Group (Danish: A.P. Møller–Mærsk A/S), also known as Maersk, is a Danish business conglomerate with activities in the transport, logistics and energy sectors.
Maghull is a town and civil parish in Sefton, Merseyside.
Magna International Inc. is a Canadian global automotive supplier headquartered in Aurora, Ontario, Canada.
Makro is an international brand of Warehouse clubs, also called cash and carries.
Malcolm John Williamson was a British mathematician and cryptographer.
MAN Energy Solutions is a multinational company based in Augsburg, Germany that produces large-bore diesel engines and turbomachinery for marine and stationary applications, as marine propulsion systems, power plant applications and turbochargers.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manchester Airport is an international airport in Ringway, Manchester, England, south-west of Manchester city centre.
The Manchester Airports Group plc (MAG) is a holding company which is owned by the ten metropolitan borough councils of Greater Manchester, in North West England, and Australian investment fund IFM Investors.
The Manchester Baby, also known as the Small-Scale Experimental Machine (SSEM), was the world's first stored-program computer.
Manchester Central is a constituency created in 1974 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Lucy Powell of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party.
The Manchester Central by-election was a by-election for the House of Commons of the United Kingdom constituency of Manchester Central held on Thursday 15 November 2012.
Manchester City Football Club is a football club in Manchester, England.
Mancunian (or Manc) is the dialect spoken in Manchester, North West England, and its environs.
Manchester docks were a series of nine docks in Salford, Stretford and Manchester at the east end of the Manchester Ship Canal in North West England.
The Manchester Evening News (MEN) is a regional daily newspaper covering Greater Manchester in North West England.
Liverpool Road is a former railway station on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in Manchester, England, which opened on 15 September 1830.
Manchester Metropolitan University (often referred to as Manchester Met, Man Met, or MMU) is a new, public university located in Manchester, England.
Manchester Piccadilly is the principal railway station in Manchester, England.
The Manchester Ship Canal is a inland waterway in the North West of England linking Manchester to the Irish Sea.
Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Manchester Velodrome is an indoor Olympic-standard cycle-racing track in Manchester, England, which opened in 1994.
Mangalloy, also called manganese steel or Hadfield steel, is an alloy steel containing an average of around 13% manganese.
A manual transmission, also known as a manual gearbox, a standard transmission or colloquially in some countries (e.g. the United States) as a stick shift is a type of transmission used in motor vehicle applications.
MANWEB (Merseyside And North Wales Electricity Board) was the regional electricity supplier and distributor for Merseyside, North Wales and parts of Cheshire.
Marks & Spencer Group plc (also known as M&S) is a major British multinational retailer headquartered in the City of Westminster, London.
Marple is a small town within the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, in Greater Manchester, England.
A marshmallow is a sugar-based confectionery that in its modern form typically consists of sugar, water and gelatin whipped to a squishy consistency, molded into small cylindrical pieces, and coated with corn starch.
Marton is a settlement on the coastal plain of the Fylde in Lancashire, England, most of which is now part of the seaside town of Blackpool.
Maryland Cookies are a brand name of cookie produced by Burton's Foods in the United Kingdom.
Marzahn-Hellersdorf is the tenth borough of Berlin, formed in 2001 by merging the former boroughs of Marzahn and Hellersdorf.
Marzipan is a confection consisting primarily of sugar or honey and almond meal (ground almonds), sometimes augmented with almond oil or extract.
Matalan is a British fashion and homeware retailer based in Knowsley, United Kingdom.
A match is a tool for starting a fire.
Mécanique Aviation Traction or Matra (Mécanique Aviation Traction) was a French company covering a wide range of activities mainly related to automobiles, bicycles, aeronautics and weaponry.
Mölnlycke Health Care is a Swedish medical device company headquartered in Gothenburg and active internationally.
MBDA is a European developer and manufacturer of missiles.
McDonald's is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, California, United States.
McVitie's is a British snack food brand owned by United Biscuits.
Meccano is a model construction system created in 1898 by Frank Hornby in Liverpool, United Kingdom.
Meccano Ltd was a British toy company established in 1908 by Frank Hornby in England to manufacture and distribute Meccano and other model toys and kits created by the company.
The Mechanics' Institute, 103 Princess Street, Manchester, is notable as the building in which three significant British institutions were founded: the Trades Union Congress (TUC), the Co-operative Insurance Society (CIS) and the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST).
Medical gas supply systems in hospitals and other healthcare facilities are utilized to supply specialized gases and gas mixtures to various parts of the facility.
MedImmune, LLC is a wholly owned subsidiary of AstraZeneca.
A megalopolis (sometimes called a megapolis; also megaregion, or supercity) is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas, which may be somewhat separated or may merge into a continuous urban region.
Meols Cop railway station serves the Blowick suburb of the coastal town of Southport, Merseyside, England.
The Mersey Match Factory, later known as The Matchworks, is a former match factory on Speke Road, Garston, Liverpool, England.
Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1.38 million.
A metered-dose inhaler (MDI) is a device that delivers a specific amount of medication to the lungs, in the form of a short burst of aerosolized medicine that is usually self-administered by the patient via inhalation.
Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is an organic compound with the formula CH2.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Bury is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England, just north of Manchester, which consists of six towns: Bury, Ramsbottom, Tottington, Radcliffe, Whitefield and Prestwich.
The Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Sefton in Merseyside, England, was formed on 1 April 1974 by the amalgamation of the county boroughs of Bootle and Southport, the municipal borough of Crosby, the urban districts of Formby and Litherland, and part of West Lancashire Rural District within the new county of Merseyside.
The Metropolitan Borough of St Helens is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, in North West England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Stockport is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Wigan is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, in North West England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Wirral is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, in North West England.
The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level administrative division of England.
The Metropolitan-Vickers F.2 was an early turbojet engine and the first British design to be based on an axial-flow compressor.
Meyer Corporation is a cookware distributor based in Vallejo, California, United States, whose parent company is Hong Kong based Meyer Manufacturing Co.
Sir Michael Willcox Perrin (13 September 1905 – 18 August 1988) was a scientist who created the first practical polythene, directed the first British atomic bomb programme, and participated in the Allied intelligence of the Nazi atomic bomb.
Microforms are scaled-down reproductions of documents, typically either films or paper, made for the purposes of transmission, storage, reading, and printing.
Microphotographs are photographs shrunk to microscopic scale.
Mid Cheshire College was a further education college.
The Mid-Cheshire line is a railway line in the northwest of England, between Chester and Manchester Piccadilly via Knutsford.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Middleton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England, on the River Irk southwest of Rochdale and northeast of Manchester city centre.
Middlewich is a town in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Mike Leigh (born 20 February 1943) is an English writer and director of film and theatre.
Milburn is a small village and civil parish in the Eden district of Cumbria, England.
Milliken & Company is a diversified industrial manufacturer that has been in business since 1865.
Mills Hill railway station is in the Mills Hill area of Middleton in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England.
Milnrow (pop. 13,062 (2011)) is a suburban town within the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England.
Mixed is an ethnicity category that has been used by the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics since the 1991 Census.
In sound recording and reproduction, and sound reinforcement systems, a mixing console is an electronic device for combining sounds of many different audio signals.
Mobberley is a village in Cheshire, England, between Wilmslow and Knutsford, which in 2001 had a population of 2,546, increasing to 3,050 at the 2011 Census.
Moers (older form: Mörs; archaic Dutch: Murse, Murs or Meurs) is a German city on the western bank of the Rhine.
Monarch Airlines, also known simply as Monarch, was a British charter and scheduled airline which later, in 2004, became a low-cost airline The airline's headquarters were at Luton; in addition, it had other bases at Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford, Gatwick and Manchester.
The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is a committee of the Bank of England, which meets for three and a half days, eight times a year, to decide the official interest rate in the United Kingdom (the Bank of England Base Rate).
Mons (Bergen; Mont; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.
Monster Munch are a baked corn snack, manufactured by Walkers, in the shape of monster feet.
The Montebello Islands, also known as the Monte Bello Islands, are an archipelago of around 174 small islands (about 92 of which are named) lying north of Barrow Island and off the Pilbara coast of north-western Australia.
Montigny-le-Bretonneux is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Moorside Edge transmitting station, opened in 1931, was originally constructed to radiate the BBC's North Regional (from May 17 on 626 kHz) and National Programmes (from July 12 on 995 kHz).
Morecambe is a town on Morecambe Bay in Lancashire, England, which had a population of 34,768 at the 2011 Census.
Morecambe Bay is a large estuary in northwest England, just to the south of the Lake District National Park.
Morecambe Football Club is a professional football club in Morecambe, Lancashire, England, which plays in League Two, the fourth tier of English football.
Moreton railway station is situated in Moreton, Wirral, England.
Moreton is a village on the north coast of the Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, England.
Mornflake is a producer of oat and oat-based breakfast cereals.
Moses Gate is a small district of Farnworth, in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.
MOSFET showing gate (G), body (B), source (S) and drain (D) terminals. The gate is separated from the body by an insulating layer (white). surface-mount packages. Operating as switches, each of these components can sustain a blocking voltage of 120nbspvolts in the ''off'' state, and can conduct a continuous current of 30 amperes in the ''on'' state, dissipating up to about 100 watts and controlling a load of over 2000 watts. A matchstick is pictured for scale. A cross-section through an nMOSFET when the gate voltage ''V''GS is below the threshold for making a conductive channel; there is little or no conduction between the terminals drain and source; the switch is off. When the gate is more positive, it attracts electrons, inducing an ''n''-type conductive channel in the substrate below the oxide, which allows electrons to flow between the ''n''-doped terminals; the switch is on. Simulation result for formation of inversion channel (electron density) and attainment of threshold voltage (IV) in a nanowire MOSFET. Note that the threshold voltage for this device lies around 0.45 V The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of field-effect transistor (FET), most commonly fabricated by the controlled oxidation of silicon.
Moss Side is an inner-city area and electoral ward of Manchester, England.
Moss Side is a suburban, semi-rural community on the western side of Leyland, Lancashire, in the borough of South Ribble, England.
Mossley (/ˈmɒzli/) is a small town and a civil parish in Greater Manchester, England, in the upper Tame Valley and the foothills of the Pennines, southeast of Oldham and east of Manchester.
Mullard Limited was a British manufacturer of electronic components.
The Index of Multiple Deprivation is a UK government qualitative study of deprived areas in English local councils.
The Museums Act 1845 (8 & 9 Vict c. 43) was an act of the United Kingdom Parliament which gave the town councils of larger municipal boroughs the power to establish museums.
Mutare (known as Umtali until 1983) is the fourth largest city in Zimbabwe, with an urban population of approximately 188,243 and rural population of approximately 260,567.
N Brown Group plc is an online retailer headquartered in Manchester, England.
A nacelle is a housing, separate from the fuselage, that holds engines, fuel, or equipment on an aircraft.
Nantwich is a market town and civil parish in Cheshire, England.
Narbonne (Occitan: Narbona,; Narbo,; Late Latin:Narbona) is a commune in southern France in the Occitanie region.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company, originally called The Bridgewater Foundry, specialised in the production of heavy machine tools and locomotives.
The HSBC UK National Cycling Centre is a multipurpose cycling venue in Sportcity, Manchester, Great Britain.
The National Football Museum is England’s national museum of football.
The National Nuclear Laboratory (informally NNL, formerly Nexia Solutions) is a UK government owned and operated nuclear services technology provider covering the whole of the nuclear fuel cycle.
The national parks of England and Wales are areas of relatively undeveloped and scenic landscape that are designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act (2016).
National Savings and Investments (NS&I), formerly called the Post Office Savings Bank and National Savings, is a state-owned savings bank in the United Kingdom.
The National Squash Centre is a squash venue in Eastlands, Manchester, England, which was constructed for the 2002 Commonwealth Games.
National Tyres and Autocare is an independent tyre and automotive parts retailer based in Stockport in Greater Manchester, England.
The Natural History Museum in London is a natural history museum that exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.
Náchod (Nachod) is a town in the Czech Republic, in the Hradec Králové Region.
Nîmes (Provençal Occitan: Nimes) is a city in the Occitanie region of southern France.
A needle valve is a type of valve having a small port and a threaded, needle-shaped plunger.
Nelson is a town and civil parish in the Borough of Pendle in Lancashire, England, with a population of 29,135 in 2011.
The small village of Nenthead in the county of Cumbria is one of England's highest villages, at around 450 m (1,500 feet).
Nestlé S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland.
Neston is a small residential town and civil parish in the borough of Cheshire West and Chester.
Network Rail is the owner (via its subsidiary Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd, which was known as Railtrack plc before 2002) and infrastructure manager of most of the rail network in England, Scotland and Wales.
New Balance Athletics, Inc. (NB), best known as simply New Balance, is an American multinational corporation based in the Brighton neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.
The New Strand Shopping Centre, known locally simply as The Strand, is the main shopping centre in Bootle, Merseyside, England.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
The News and Star (formerly the Evening News and Star and Cumberland Evening News) is a local tabloid newspaper in Cumbria.
Newton Heath is an area of Manchester, England, north-east of Manchester city centre and with a population of 9,883.
Newton with Clifton is a civil parish in the Borough of Fylde and ceremonial county of Lancashire in England.
Newton-le-Willows is a market town in the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, Merseyside, England.
Nichols plc, based in Newton-le-Willows, Merseyside, England, is a company well known for its lead brand Vimto, a fruit flavoured cordial.
No.1 Parachute Training School RAF (No.1 PTS) is a Royal Air Force training unit that was initially based at RAF Ringway, now Manchester Airport and is currently based at RAF Brize Norton.
The Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS; French: Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of countries for statistical purposes.
Norbert Dentressangle is a major European transport, logistics and freight forwarder.
Norfolkline was a European ferry operator and logistics company owned by Maersk.
Norse Merchant Ferries was an Irish Sea ferry company that operating passenger and freight RORO services between England the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
North Manchester General Hospital is a large NHS hospital located in Crumpsall in the north of the English city of Manchester.
North Wales (Gogledd Cymru) is an unofficial region of Wales.
North West England is a constituency of the European Parliament.
The North West Regional Assembly (NWRA) was the regional chamber for the North West England region of the England.
The North West Regional Leaders Board is the Local Authority Leaders’ Board for the North West region of England.
North West Water was a water supply company serving north west England.
Northenden is a suburb of Manchester, England, with a population of 14,771 at the 2011 census.
Northern England, also known simply as the North, is the northern part of England, considered as a single cultural area.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Northwest Regional Development Agency (NWDA) was the regional development agency for the North West England region and was a non-departmental public body.
Northwich is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Norweb plc, originally the North West Electricity Board, was a British electricity supply and distribution company.
Novartis International AG is a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland.
The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) is a non-departmental public body of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, formed by the Energy Act 2004.
Nuclear fuel is a substance that is used in nuclear power stations to produce heat to power turbines.
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
Nuclear power in the United Kingdom generates around a quarter of the country's electricity as of 2016, projected to rise to a third by 2035.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
NuGeneration (NuGen) is a company with plans to build a new nuclear power station nearby the Sellafield nuclear site in the United Kingdom.
NXP Semiconductors N.V. is a Dutch global semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Nynas AB is a Swedish manufacturer of specialty naphthenic oils and bitumen products.
Ocean Finance is a loans and mortgages business set up in 1991 in Staffordshire, United Kingdom.
Odessa (Оде́са; Оде́сса; אַדעס) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the UK Parliament.
The Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) is the safety regulator for the civil nuclear industry in the United Kingdom.
The OK Diner is a privately owned roadside restaurant chain in the United Kingdom.
OK! is a British weekly magazine specialising mainly in royal and celebrity news, with lots of showbiz exclusives.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old Trafford is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, southwest of Manchester city centre, roughly delineated by the crossroads of two old toll gates, Brooks's Bar to the east and Trafford Bar to the west.
Oldham is a town in Greater Manchester, England, amid the Pennines and between the rivers Irk and Medlock, southeast of Rochdale and northeast of Manchester.
Oldham Athletic Association Football Club (nicknamed Latics) is a professional association football club based in the town of Oldham, Greater Manchester, England.
Oldham College, is a further education college based in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England.
The Oldham Evening Chronicle was a daily newspaper published each weekday evening.
Oldham R.L.F.C., also known as the Roughyeds, is a professional rugby league club in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England.
Oldham Sixth Form College is a government-funded college of further education in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England.
In the United Kingdom, the Office for National Statistics maintains a series of codes to represent a wide range of geographical areas of the UK, for use in tabulating census and other statistical data.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
The Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan Board (Ontario Teachers'; French: Régime de retraite des enseignantes et des enseignants de l'Ontario or RREO), is an independent organization responsible for administering defined-benefit pensions for school teachers of the Canadian province of Ontario.
Operation Hurricane was the test of the first UK atomic device, on 3 October 1952.
Orano (previously Areva) is a French multinational group specializing in nuclear power and renewable energy headquartered in Paris La Défense.
Ordsall is an inner city area of Salford, Greater Manchester, England.
Organofluorine chemistry describes the chemistry of the organofluorines, organic compounds that contain the carbon–fluorine bond.
Organometallic chemistry is the study of organometallic compounds, chemical compounds containing at least one chemical bond between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal, including alkaline, alkaline earth, and transition metals, and sometimes broadened to include metalloids like boron, silicon, and tin, as well.
Orion Optics is a telescope manufacturer in Crewe, England.
Ormskirk is a market town in West Lancashire, England, north of Liverpool, northwest of St Helens, southeast of Southport and southwest of Preston.
Osborne Reynolds FRS (23 August 1842 – 21 February 1912) was a prominent Irish innovator in the understanding of fluid dynamics.
OSRAM Licht AG is a multinational lighting manufacturer headquartered in Munich, Germany.
Oswaldtwistle ("ozzel twizzel") is a small town within the Hyndburn borough of Lancashire, England.
The term Other White is a classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom and has been used in documents such as the 2011 UK Census to describe people who self-identify as white persons who are not of the English, Welsh, Scottish or Irish ethnic groupings.
Oulton Park Circuit is a motor racing track close to the small village of Little Budworth, Cheshire, England.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to England: England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Sir Evan Owen Williams (20 March 1890 – 23 May 1969) was a British engineer and architect, known for being the principal engineer for Gravelly Hill Interchange (known popularly as Spaghetti Junction) as well as a number of key modernist buildings, including the Express Building in Manchester and Boots D10 Building in Nottingham.
Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Oxonium, the Latin name for Oxford) is a county in South East England.
The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation.
The ozone–oxygen cycle is the process by which ozone is continually regenerated in Earth's stratosphere, converting ultraviolet radiation (UV) into heat.
P&O Irish Sea was the trading name of P&O Ferries in the Irish Sea from 1998 to 2010, when it was merged back into and rebranded P&O Ferries.
Paderborn is a city in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district.
Pampers is an American name brand of baby and toddler products marketed by Procter & Gamble.
A kitchen roll (or kitchen paper) is an absorbent towel made from tissue paper instead of cloth.
Parsonage Colliery was a coal mine operating on the Lancashire Coalfield in Leigh, then in the historic county of Lancashire, England.
Patricroft is an area of Eccles, Greater Manchester, England.
Payment cards are part of a payment system issued by financial institutions, such as bank, to a customer that enables its owner (the cardholder) to access the funds in the customer's designated bank accounts, or through a credit account and make payments by electronic funds transfer and access automated teller machines (ATMs).
Péronne is a commune of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Peak District is an upland area in England at the southern end of the Pennines.
Pears transparent soap is a brand of soap first produced and sold in 1807 by Andrew Pears at a factory just off Oxford Street in London, England.
Peine is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, capital of the district Peine.
Pendle is a local government district and borough of Lancashire, England.
Pendle Hill is in the east of Lancashire, England, near the towns of Burnley, Nelson, Colne, Clitheroe and Padiham.
Pendle Water is a minor river in Lancashire.
Pendlebury is a suburban town in the City of Salford, Greater Manchester, England.
Penguins are milk chocolate covered biscuit bars filled with chocolate cream.
The Pennines, also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a range of mountains and hills in England separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England.
Penrith is a market town and civil parish in the county of Cumbria, England.
Pentair plc (PNR) is a multinational diversified industrial company incorporated in Ireland with tax residency in UK, with its main U.S. office located in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Penwortham is a town in South Ribble, Lancashire, England, on the south bank of the River Ribble facing the city of Preston.
A permanent marker or indelible marker is a type of marker pen that is used to create permanent or semi-permanent writing on an object.
Persil is a brand of laundry detergent made by both Henkel and Unilever, each with its own formulation.
Personal Independence Payment (abbreviated to PIP and usually pronounced as one word) is a welfare benefit in the United Kingdom that is intended to help with the extra costs of living with a long-term health condition or a disability.
Pets at Home is the United Kingdom's largest pet supplies retailer, with more than 370 stores and 6,000 employees.
Philae is a robotic European Space Agency lander that accompanied the ''Rosetta'' spacecraft until it separated to land on comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko, ten years and eight months after departing Earth.
Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons.
Physical geography (also known as geosystems or physiography) is one of the two major sub-fields of geography.
Pilkington Group Limited is a multinational glass-manufacturing company headquartered in St Helens, United Kingdom and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Japan-based NSG Group.
Pilsworth is a small area in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England.
A plastic bottle is a bottle constructed from plastic.
Plutonium-239 is an isotope of plutonium.
PMT Italia, whose name means Paper Machinery Technology, supports the paper industry by means of mechanical engineering, automation engineering, on site services and manufacturing of machines for all grades of paper.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) is a colourless organic thermoplastic polymer in the polyaryletherketone (PAEK) family, used in engineering applications.
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.
Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.
Pontins is the trading name of Britannia Jinky Jersey Ltd, a company operating holiday parks in the UK.
The Port of Liverpool is the enclosed dock system that runs from Brunswick Dock in Liverpool to Seaforth Dock, Seaforth, on the east side of the River Mersey and the Birkenhead Docks between Birkenhead and Wallasey on the west side of the river.
Port Sunlight is a model village and suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, Merseyside, it is located between Lower Bebington and New Ferry, on the Wirral Peninsula.
Potato chips or crisps are thin slices of potato that have been deep fried or baked until crunchy.
Poulton-le-Fylde, commonly abbreviated to Poulton, is a market town in Lancashire, England, situated on the coastal plain called the Fylde.
A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.
Premier Foods plc is a British food manufacturer headquartered in St Albans, Hertfordshire.
The Premier League is the top level of the English football league system.
A Premium Bond is a lottery bond issued by the United Kingdom government's National Savings and Investments agency.
Preston Brook is a civil parish in the borough of Halton, a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Cheshire.
Preston North End Football Club (often shortened to PNE) is a professional football club in Preston, Lancashire, who play in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system.
Preston's College is a further education college in the city of Preston, Lancashire, England.
Preston is the administrative centre of Lancashire, England, on the north bank of the River Ribble.
Prestwich is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England, north of Manchester city centre, north of Salford and south of Bury.
Priestley Sixth Form and Community College is a sixth form college in the Wilderspool district of Warrington, Cheshire.
Prince's DockAlthough many texts give the name without an apostrophe as Princes Dock, this is an incorrect plural form.
Princes Group is an international food and drink group involved in the manufacture, import and distribution of branded and customer own-brand products.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
Pritt is a brand of adhesives, tapes, KidsArt, correction, and fixing products designed and marketed by Henkel.
Process engineering focuses on the design, operation, control, optimization and intensification of chemical, physical, and biological processes.
Procion is a brand of fibre reactive dyes.
Procter & Gamble Co. (P&G) is an American multi-national consumer goods corporation headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio, founded in 1837 by British American William Procter and Irish American James Gamble.
Propranolol, sold under the brand name Inderal among others, is a medication of the beta blocker type. It is used to treat high blood pressure, a number of types of irregular heart rate, thyrotoxicosis, capillary hemangiomas, performance anxiety, and essential tremors. It is used to prevent migraine headaches, and to prevent further heart problems in those with angina or previous heart attacks. It can be taken by mouth or by injection into a vein. The formulation that is taken by mouth comes in short-acting and long-acting versions. Propranolol appears in the blood after 30 minutes and has a maximum effect between 60 and 90 minutes when taken by mouth. Common side effects include nausea, abdominal pain, and constipation. It should not be used in those with an already slow heart rate and most of those with heart failure. Quickly stopping the medication in those with coronary artery disease may worsen symptoms. It may worsen the symptoms of asthma. Caution is recommended in those with liver or kidney problems. Propranolol may cause harmful effects in the baby if taken during pregnancy. Its use during breastfeeding is probably safe, but the baby should be monitored for side effects. It is a non-selective beta blocker which works by blocking β-adrenergic receptors. Propranolol was discovered in 1964. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. Propranolol is available as a generic medication. The wholesale cost in the developing world is between 0.24 and 2.16 per month as of 2014. In the United States it costs about $15 per month at a typical dose.
In the field of medical procedures, Proton therapy, or proton beam therapy is a type of particle therapy that uses a beam of protons to irradiate diseased tissue, most often in the treatment of cancer.
A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.
Public-key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is any cryptographic system that uses pairs of keys: public keys which may be disseminated widely, and private keys which are known only to the owner.
Puerto Cabezas (Bragman's Bluff; Bilwi) is a municipality in Nicaragua.
Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract.
Punjabi (Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ; Shahmukhi: پنجابی) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, ranking as the 10th most widely spoken language (2015) in the world.
PZ Cussons is a major British manufacturer of personal healthcare products and consumer goods.
Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
A quango or QUANGO (less often QuANGO or QANGO) is a quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisation.
Quay Street is a street in the city centre of Manchester, England.
Queen's Dock is a dock on the River Mersey and part of the Port of Liverpool.
QVC UK is a television shopping channel broadcast in the United Kingdom.
R&R Ice Cream is an ice cream manufacturer with its headquarters in Leeming Bar, North Yorkshire, England.
Radcliffe is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England.
Radio City (previously known as 96.7 City FM and 194 Radio City) is a British Independent Local Radio station, based in Liverpool, and serving Merseyside, Cheshire and North Wales.
Radio Wave 96.5 is a British Independent Local Radio station that serves the Blackpool and Fylde coast areas of Lancashire, owned and operated by Wireless Group.
RAF Hooton Park, on the Wirral Peninsula, Cheshire, was a Royal Air Force station originally built for the Royal Flying Corps in 1917 as a training aerodrome for pilots in World War I. During the early/mid-1930s, it was one of the two airfields (with Liverpool Speke) handling scheduled services for the Merseyside region.
RAF Ringway was a Royal Air Force station in Ringway, Cheshire, England, near Manchester.
Royal Air Force Woodvale or RAF Woodvale is a Royal Air Force Station located next to the town of Formby in an area called Woodvale- just South of Southport, Merseyside.
Railex LLC is a refrigerated rail service and third-party logistics provider that transports fruits, vegetables and other temperature sensitive cargo across the United States, in partnership with the Union Pacific Railroad and CSX.
Rainford College is a sixth form college located in St Helens, Merseyside.
Rally is a form of motorsport that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built road-legal cars.
Rampside Gas Terminal is a gas terminal situated in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria on the Irish Sea coast.
Ramsbottom is a market town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
The Land Rover Range Rover Evoque (commonly known as the Range Rover Evoque) is a subcompact luxury crossover SUV produced by the British manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover, a subsidiary of Tata Motors, under their Land Rover marque.
RHM plc, formerly Ranks Hovis McDougall, was a United Kingdom food business.
Rapier is a surface-to-air missile developed for the British Army to replace their towed Bofors 40/L70 anti-aircraft guns.
Rawtenstall is a town at the centre of the Rossendale Valley in Lancashire, England, with a population of 22,000.
Reach plc (formerly known as Trinity Mirror between 1999 and 2018) is a British newspaper, magazine and digital publisher.
Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district.
Recusancy was the state of those who refused to attend Anglican services during the history of England and Wales and of Ireland; these individuals were known as recusants.
Reddish is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England, north of Stockport and southeast of Manchester.
Reddish South is a station in Reddish, Stockport, England, on the Stockport–Stalybridge Line, famous for having only one train a week in each direction.
Redvales is a residential district to the south of Bury town centre in Greater Manchester in the United Kingdom.
Reebok is a global athletic footwear and apparel company, operating as a subsidiary of German sportsgiant Adidas since 2005.
Regatta is a family-owned outdoor and leisure clothing company which has been established in the United Kingdom since 1981.
The regional chambers of England were a group of indirectly elected regional bodies that were created by the provisions of the Regional Development Agencies Act 1998.
The regions of England, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England.
Rehovot (רְחוֹבוֹת) is a city in the Central District of Israel, about south of Tel Aviv.
A relief valve or pressure relief valve (PRV) is a type of safety valve used to control or limit the pressure in a system; pressure might otherwise build up and create a process upset, instrument or equipment failure, or fire.
Rendsburg (Rendsborg) is a town on the River Eider and the Kiel Canal in the central part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The Resolution class was a class of four nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) built for the Royal Navy as part of the UK Polaris programme.
Reutlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Revolution Bars Group, previously known as Inventive Leisure and The New Inventive Bar Company, is a city centre bar chain with headquarters in Ashton-under-Lyne, Greater Manchester, England.
The Reynolds number is an important dimensionless quantity in fluid mechanics used to help predict flow patterns in different fluid flow situations.
Ribble Valley is a local government district with borough status within the non-metropolitan county of Lancashire, England.
The Ribble Valley line is a railway line that runs from Manchester Victoria through Blackburn to the small market town of Clitheroe in Lancashire.
Sir Richard Owen (20 July 1804 – 18 December 1892) was an English biologist, comparative anatomist and paleontologist.
A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country.
Rinteln is a small town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
The River Bela is a short (approximately) river in the county of Cumbria, England.
The River Bollin is a major tributary of the River Mersey in the north-west of England.
The River Caldew is a river running through Cumbria in England.
The River Cocker is a river in the Lake District in North West England, in the county of Cumbria.
The River Croal is a river located in Greater Manchester, England.
The River Dane is a tributary of the River Weaver that originates in the Peak District area of England.
The River Douglas, also known as the River Asland or Astland, is a river that flows through Lancashire and Greater Manchester in the north-west of England.
The River Eden is a river that flows through the Eden District of Cumbria, England, on its way to the Solway Firth.
The River Irk is a river in North West England that flows through the northern suburbs and towns of Greater Manchester.
The River Kent is a short river in the county of Cumbria in England.
The River Lune (archaically sometimes Loyne) is a river in length in Cumbria and Lancashire, England.
The River Ribble runs through North Yorkshire and Lancashire in Northern England.
Robert Hope-Jones (9 February 1859 – 13 September 1914) was an English musician, who is considered to be the inventor of the theatre organ in the early 20th century.
Robert Whitehead (3 January 1823 – 14 November 1905) was an English engineer, most famous for developing the first effective self-propelled naval torpedo.
Robertson's is a UK brand of marmalades and fruit preserves that was founded by James Robertson in 1864.
Rochdale is a town in Greater Manchester, England, at the foothills of the South Pennines on the River Roch, northwest of Oldham and northeast of Manchester.
Rochdale Association Football Club is a professional football club based in the town of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England.
Rochdale Hornets are a professional rugby league club from Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England, competing in the Championship, the second tier of European rugby league.
The Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, founded in 1844, was an early consumer co-operative, and one of the first to pay a patronage dividend, forming the basis for the modern co-operative movement.
Rock FM is an Independent Local Radio station broadcasting to Lancashire, North West England and some parts of North Wales.
ROF Kirkby, (Filling Factory No. 7) was a large World War II Royal Ordnance Factory filling munitions.
The former Royal Ordnance Factory (ROF), Radway Green manufactures small arms ammunition for the British armed forces.
ROF Risley, (Filling Factory No.6) was a large World War II Royal Ordnance Factory filling munitions, including the Grand Slam bomb, in the UK.
Rolls-Royce Holdings plc is a British multinational public limited company incorporated in February 2011 that owns Rolls-Royce, a business established in 1904 which today designs, manufactures and distributes power systems for aviation and other industries.
The Rolls-Royce Merlin is a British liquid-cooled V-12 piston aero engine of 27-litres (1,650 cu in) capacity.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 700 is a three spool high bypass turbofan aircraft engine, developed from the RB211, and is the first variant of the family of Trent engines.
Romiley is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England.
Roosecote Power Station was a gas-fired, originally coal-fired power station, situated in the Roosecote district of Barrow-in-Furness in Cumbria, North West England.
Rossendale is a district with borough status in Lancashire, England, holding a number of small former mill towns centred on the valley of the River Irwell in the industrial North West.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
Royal Birkdale Golf Club is a golf course in the United Kingdom in North West England, located in Southport, Merseyside.
Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.
Royal Liver Assurance was a friendly society with over 1.7 million members in Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club in Lytham St Annes, Lancashire, England, is one of the courses in the Open Championship rotation.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Royton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 21,284 in 2011.
RSA (Rivest–Shamir–Adleman) is one of the first public-key cryptosystems and is widely used for secure data transmission.
Runcorn is an industrial town and cargo port in Halton, Cheshire, England, and in the southeast of the Liverpool City Region.
Runshaw College is a further and higher education college based at three centres in Leyland and Euxton, Lancashire, England.
Ruppichteroth is a municipality in the Rhein-Sieg district, in the southern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Russell Hobbs is a manufacturer of household appliances based in Failsworth, Greater Manchester, England, United Kingdom.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.
The Ford Saarlouis body and assembly plant is a major car plant located on the western edge of Saarlouis in the German Saarland.
Saddleworth is a civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in Greater Manchester, England.
Safran S.A. is a French multinational aircraft engine, rocket engine, aerospace-component and defense company.
Sahiwal (Punjabi and ساہِيوال) is a city in Punjab, Pakistan.
Sailly-sur-la-Lys is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Saint-Bris-le-Vineux is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France.
Saint-Gobain S.A. is a French multinational corporation, founded in 1665 in Paris and headquartered on the outskirts of Paris, at La Défense and in Courbevoie.
Saint-Ouen is a commune in the Seine-Saint-Denis department.
Sale is a town in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
Salford City College is a further education college based in Salford, England.
Salford Museum and Art Gallery, in Peel Park, Salford, Greater Manchester, opened to the public in November 1850 as the Royal Museum and Public Library.
Salford Quays is an area of Salford, Greater Manchester, England, near the end of the Manchester Ship Canal.
The Salford Red Devils are a professional rugby league club in Salford, Greater Manchester, England, who play in the Super League.
Salford is a town in the City of Salford, North West England.
Cheshire is a county in North West England.
A salt mine is a mine from which halite, commonly known as rock salt, is extracted from evaporite formations.
Salwick is a village between Kirkham and Preston in Lancashire, England.
Samlesbury is a village and civil parish in the borough of South Ribble in Lancashire, England.
Samlesbury Aerodrome is a disused airfield at Balderstone near Samlesbury, in the Ribble Valley district of Lancashire.
The Sandale transmitting station is the main radio transmitting station for the county of Cumbria, including the Lake District, and eastern Dumfries and Galloway.
Sandbach (pronounced) is a market town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Sandymoor is a civil parish in Runcorn, Halton, Cheshire, England, with a population of approximately 2,616.
Sanitec was a large European producer of sanitaryware.
The Sankey Viaduct is a railway viaduct at Bradley Lane, Collins Green, Burtonwood parish, Warrington Borough, crossing the Sankey Canal and Sankey Brook into Earlestown, Newton le Willows, Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, Merseyside.
Sarson's is a brand of malt vinegar brewed in the United Kingdom.
A sawmill or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber.
Słupsk (Stolp; also known by several alternative names) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland, with a population of 98,757.
Svenska Cellulosa AB (SCA, English: Swedish Cellulose Company) is a Swedish timber, pulp and paper manufacturer with headquarters in Sundsvall.
Scafell Pike or is the highest mountain in England, at an elevation of above sea level.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
Schorndorf is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located approx.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scottish & Newcastle plc was a brewing company headquartered in Edinburgh, Scotland, which expanded significantly from its home base to become an international business with beer volumes growing almost tenfold.
The Scottish Borders (The Mairches, "The Marches"; Scottish Gaelic: Crìochan na h-Alba) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.
ScottishPower Ltd. is a vertically integrated energy company with its headquarters in Glasgow, Scotland.
Scouse (also, in academic sources, called Liverpool English or Merseyside English) is an accent and dialect of English found primarily in the Metropolitan county of Merseyside, and closely associated with the city of Liverpool.
Scrubs are the sanitary clothing worn by surgeons, nurses, physicians and other workers involved in patient care in hospitals.
Sealy (formerly the Sealy Corporation) is a brand of mattresses marketed and sold by Tempur Sealy International.
Sebastian Pietro Innocenzo Adhemar Ziani de Ferranti (9 April 1864 – 13 January 1930) was a British electrical engineer and inventor.
Sector Skills Councils (SSCs) are employer-led organisations that cover specific industries in the United Kingdom.
Sedbergh is a small town and civil parish in Cumbria, England.
Sefton Council is the governing body for the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton in Merseyside, north-western England.
Sellafield is a nuclear fuel reprocessing and nuclear decommissioning site, close to the village of Seascale on the coast of the Irish Sea in Cumbria, England.
Sellafield Ltd is a nuclear decommissioning Site Licence Company (SLC) controlled by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), a government body set up specifically to deal with the nuclear legacy under the Energy Act 2004.
Sellotape is a British brand of transparent, polypropylene-based, pressure-sensitive tape, and is the leading brand in the United Kingdom.
Selm is a town in the district of Unna, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
A semi-trailer is a trailer without a front axle.
Senigallia (or Sinigaglia in Old Italian) is a comune and port town on Italy's Adriatic coast.
Senior plc is the holding company for a global group of firms in the manufacturing and engineering industries, headquartered in Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire.
Sens is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France, 120 km from Paris.
The Service Personnel and Veterans Agency (SPVA) was an executive agency of the UK Ministry of Defence.
Severfield plc is the largest structural steel specialist in the UK.
A sewing machine is a machine used to stitch fabric and other materials together with thread.
SGS (formerly Société Générale de Surveillance (French for General Society of Surveillance)) is a multinational company headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland which provides inspection, verification, testing and certification services.
The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, more commonly known as the Shakers, is a millenarian restorationist Christian sect founded in the 18th century in England.
Sharps Bedrooms is a privately owned fitted bedroom and home office retailer and manufacturer.
Sharston is an area of Wythenshawe, south Manchester, England.
Sharwood's is a British food company, which specialises in Asian food established in 1889 and acquired by RHM in 1963, which was then merged into Premier Foods in March 2007.
Shaw and Crompton is a town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, England.
Shaw National Distribution Centre (also known as Shaw NDC) is the main distribution and order processing centre for British retailer Shop Direct Group, and is located in Shaw and Crompton, a town in Greater Manchester, England.
A shock absorber (in reality, a shock "damper") is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses.
Shop Direct is a multi-brand online retailer in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Silentnight is the largest UK manufacturer of beds & mattresses and is located in Barnoldswick, Lancashire, England.
Silica gel is an amorphous and porous form of silicon dioxide (silica), consisting of an irregular tridimensional framework of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms with nanometer-scale voids and pores.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Simon Carves Engineering Ltd is a British, full-service Process Engineering Contractor headquartered in Manchester, United Kingdom.
Simonstone is a small village and civil parish in the Ribble Valley district of Lancashire, England.
Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) is the flag carrier airline of Singapore with its hub at Singapore Changi Airport.
A sink — also known by other names including sinker, washbowl, hand basin and wash basin—is a bowl-shaped plumbing fixture used for washing hands, dishwashing, and other purposes.
Sir George Gabriel Stokes, 1st Baronet, (13 August 1819 – 1 February 1903), was an Irish physicist and mathematician.
Sir John Deane's Sixth Form College is a sixth form college in Northwich, Cheshire, UK.
Sira is a UK-based notified body, specialising in ATEX, IECEX and North American product approvals.
Skelmersdale is a town in West Lancashire, England.
Skipton (also known as Skipton-in-Craven) is a market town and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England.
smile is a British banking brand that operates as a trading division of The Co-operative Bank.
Smooth Lake District is an Independent Local Radio station for the Lakes.
The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.
Sock Shop Limited is a British-based specialist retailer of socks and hosiery, founded in 1983 by Sophie Mirman (b. 1956) and Richard P. Ross.
Sofology (formerly known as Sofaworks, CSL, Clayton Salerooms, and CS Lounge Suites Ltd), is a specialist sofa retailer, founded by the Tyldesley family in North West England.
The Solway Coast is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in northern Cumbria, United Kingdom.
Soreen is a brand of malt loaf and a subsidiary of Samworth Brothers, a food manufacturing company based in Leicestershire.
South Cheshire College is a further education college, located in Crewe, England.
South East England is the most populous of the nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
South Lakeland is a local government district in Cumbria, England.
South Ribble is a non-metropolitan district and borough of Lancashire, England.
South Turton is an unparished area of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England.
Southport is a large seaside town in Merseyside, England.
Southport is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Damien Moore, a Conservative.
Southport College (previously known as Southport Technical College) is a further education college located in Southport, Merseyside, England.
A spade is a tool primarily for digging, comprising a blade – typically narrower and less curved than that of a shovel – and a long handle.
Speedy Hire (Speedy) is a provider of equipment rental and support services based in the United Kingdom to clients across the construction, infrastructure, industrial, manufacturing, facilities management, retail, leisure and events sectors, as well as to local trades and industry.
Speke is an area of Liverpool, Merseyside, England, close to the boundaries of the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley.
The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame, and was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution.
A spinning wheel is a device for spinning thread or yarn from natural or synthetic fibres.
Sportcity in Manchester was used to host the 2002 Commonwealth Games.
Sportech PLC is an online gambling and entertainment company headquartered in the United Kingdom.
Springfields is a nuclear fuel production installation in Salwick, near Preston in Lancashire, England.
St Helens College is a further education college serving the borough of St Helens In 2009/10 it had 2,193 full-time adult learners aged 16–18 plus another 585 part-time learners.
St Helens Junction railway station is a railway station serving St Helens, Merseyside, England.
St Helens R.F.C. is a professional rugby league club in St Helens, Merseyside currently competing in the Super League, the top tier of competition for rugby league in Europe.
St Helens is a large town in Merseyside, England.
St John Rigby College (abbreviated as St.JR, SJR or simply John Rigby) is a sixth form college in the Orrell district of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester situated in a estate overlooking the Lancashire countryside.
St Mary's College on Shear Brow (B6233), Blackburn, Lancashire, England was established by the Marist Fathers in 1925.
Stalybridge is a town in Tameside, Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 23,731 at the 2011 Census.
Standard English (SE) is the variety of English language that is used as the national norm in an English-speaking country, especially as the language for public and formal usage.
Standish is a large village in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester, England.
Stanlow Refinery is an oil refinery owned by Essar Energy in Ellesmere Port, North West England.
Starchaser Industries is a privately owned company based in the UK whose principal aim is to become a viable business in space tourism.
Steinhoff International is a South African international retail holding company that is dual listed in Germany.
Stella Artois is a Belgian pilsner of between 4.8 and 5.2% ABV which was first brewed by Brouwerij Artois (the Artois Brewery) in Leuven, Belgium, in 1926.
Stena Line is one of the largest ferry operators in the world.
Stepping Hill Hospital is a hospital in Stockport, Greater Manchester, England.
Steve England is a radio producer and former radio disc-jockey, and at present runs a jingle production company in Leek, Staffordshire, which was established in 1997.
Steven Philip Rotheram (born 4 November 1961) is a British Labour Party politician who is the Metro Mayor of the Liverpool City Region.
Stiebel Eltron is a company based in Holzminden, Germany that manufactures central heating products such as heat pumps.
Stobart Group Ltd (is a British infrastructure and support services company, with interests in energy, aviation and rail, through operations in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The company is registered in Guernsey but has its operational head office in Carlisle, Cumbria. The group had its origins in the transport and logistics business run by Edward Stobart from 1976 to 2004. Trading as Eddie Stobart, he had inherited and expanded it from the agricultural business founded by his father "Steady" Eddie Stobart in the 1940s. It eventually grew to become one of the UK's most recognised brands. Following corporate restructurings in 2004 and 2007, the group became a public company and diversified into various other sectors, while retaining Stobart family members William Stobart (Edward's brother) and his brother in-law Andrew Tinkler in the management roles of COO and CEO respectively. After boardroom changes in 2013, in 2014 a 51% stake in its original transport business was sold, becoming Eddie Stobart Logistics with William Stobart as its CEO. The Group retained the rights to the brand Eddie Stobart, licensing it out to the new company. With Andrew Tinkler remaining CEO at Stobart Group, it re-positioned itself around its remaining interests, as a services company. The company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is constituent of the FTSE 250 Index. However, unlike most UK public companies, Stobart Group retains its "Ltd" status as it is incorporated in Guernsey and not England & Wales or Scotland, which would require it to change its suffix to "plc" status.
Stockport is a large town in Greater Manchester, England, south-east of Manchester city centre, where the River Goyt and Tame merge to create the River Mersey.
Stockport College is a medium-sized educational institute in Stockport, Greater Manchester, England, providing further education and higher education to those aged 16 and over.
The Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR) was a railway company that operated in north-east England from 1825 to 1863.
Stoke-on-Trent (often abbreviated to Stoke) is a city and unitary authority area in Staffordshire, England, with an area of.
Stonebridge Park is a new business park under construction in Gillmoss on the outskirts of Liverpool.
A stored-program computer is a computer that stores program instructions in electronic memory.
Strangeways Brewery was a landmark in Manchester, England, just north of the city centre, which was famous as the home of Boddingtons Bitter.
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere.
Street furniture is a collective term (used in the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada) for objects and pieces of equipment installed along streets and roads for various purposes.
Stretford is a town in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, on flat ground between the River Mersey and the Manchester Ship Canal, southwest of Manchester city centre, south of Salford and northeast of Altrincham.
Structural steel is a category of steel used for making construction materials in a variety of shapes.
Stubbins is an industrial village in the southern part of the Rossendale Valley, Lancashire, England.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Suffragettes were members of women's organisations in the late-19th and early-20th centuries who, under the banner "Votes for Women", fought for women's suffrage, the right to vote in public elections.
Sunsilk (Sedal in Spanish-speaking Latin American countries, Seda in Brazil, Elidor in Turkey) is a hair care brand produced by the Unilever group.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
Surf (Drive in Australia and New Zealand; Sunil in the Netherlands) is a brand of laundry detergent made by Unilever.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
A surgical mask, also known as a procedure mask, is intended to be worn by health professionals during surgery and during nursing to catch the bacteria shed in liquid droplets and aerosols from the wearer's mouth and nose.
Survitec Group is a British manufacturer of personal survival equipment for usage after ejecting from aircraft or when at sea.
Sutton Weaver is a small village in the civil parish of Sutton Weaver, England.
Sutton is an area of St Helens, Merseyside, and Ward of the metropolitan borough of the same name.
The Swinton Lions are an English professional rugby league club from Swinton, Greater Manchester, who compete in the Championship, the second tier of European rugby league.
Swinton is a town in Greater Manchester, England, southwest of the River Irwell, northwest of Salford and northwest of Manchester, adjoining the towns of Pendlebury and Clifton.
Sydney Chapman FRS (29 January 1888 – 16 June 1970) was a British mathematician and geophysicist.
The city of Székesfehérvár, known colloquially as Fehérvár ("white castle") (located in central Hungary, is the ninth largest city of the country; regional capital of Central Transdanubia; and the centre of Fejér county and Székesfehérvár District. The area is an important rail and road junction between Lake Balaton and Lake Velence. Székesfehérvár, a royal residence (székhely), as capital of the Kingdom of Hungary, held a central role in the Middle Ages. As required by the Doctrine of the Holy Crown, the first kings of Hungary were crowned and buried here. Significant trade routes led to the Balkans and Italy, and to Buda and Vienna. Historically the city has come under Turkish, German and Russian control and the city is known by translations of "white castle" in these languages: (Stuhlweißenburg; Столни Београд; İstolni Belgrad).
is Japanese heavy machinery company whose products include mini excavators, hydraulic excavators and crawler loaders.
Takt time is the average time between the start of production of one unit and the start of production of the next unit, when these production starts are set to match the rate of customer demand.
TalkTalk Business (trading name of TalkTalk Communications Ltd) is a business broadband, telephone, mobile phone and IT support provider owned by TalkTalk Group.
The Metropolitan Borough of Tameside is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England.
Tamoxifen (TMX), sold under the brand name Nolvadex among others, is a medication that is used to prevent breast cancer in women and treat breast cancer in women and men.
Tamworth is a large market town in Staffordshire, England, northeast of Birmingham and northwest of London.
Tangerine Confectionery is a British confectionery company with its headquarters in Pontefract, West Yorkshire.
A tank truck or tanker truck (United States usage) or tanker (United Kingdom usage), is a motor vehicle designed to carry liquefied loads, dry bulk cargo or gases on roads.
Tarbock is a village and former civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, in Merseyside, England.
Tata Chemicals Europe (formerly Brunner Mond (UK) Limited) is a UK-based chemicals company that is a subsidiary of Tata Chemicals Limited, itself a part of the India-based Tata Group.
Tata Steel Europe Ltd.
Tate is an institution that houses the United Kingdom's national collection of British art, and international modern and contemporary art.
Tautliner or curtainsider is used as a generic name for curtain sided trucks/trailers.
Tczew (Dërszewò) is a town on the Vistula River in Eastern Pomerania, Kociewie, northern Poland with 60,279 inhabitants (June 2009).
TDG Limited was a goods transportation, distribution, warehousing and supply chain management company based in England with offices also in Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Hungary and Germany.
Team GB is the brand name used since 1999 by the British Olympic Association (BOA) for their Great Britain and Northern Ireland Olympic team.
The rate of teenage pregnancy in the United Kingdom is relatively high, when compared with other developed countries; the only other Western countries with higher teenage pregnancy rates are the United States and New Zealand.
Telecommunications cables are a type of guided transmission mediums.
Teledyne Technologies, Inc. is an American industrial conglomerate primarily based in the United States but with global operations.
A telephone card, calling card or phonecard for short, is a credit card size plastic or paper card, used to pay for telephone services (often international or long distance calling).
In the United Kingdom and the Crown dependencies, any household watching or recording live television transmissions as they are being broadcast (terrestrial, satellite, cable, or Internet) is required to hold a television licence.
The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Terrycloth, terry cloth, terry cotton, terry towelling, terry, or simply towelling is a fabric with loops that can absorb large amounts of water.
Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
Thales Underwater Systems (TUS), formerly known as Thomson Marconi Sonar, is an international defence manufacturer specialising in sonar systems for submarines, surface warships, and aircraft as well as communications masts and systems for submarines.
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs.
The Bee was a local radio station serving southern and eastern parts of Lancashire, England.
The Blue Coat School is a mixed gender Church of England academy for 11- to 18-year-olds, located in the town of Oldham, Greater Manchester, England.
The Bolton News – formerly the Bolton Evening News – is a daily newspaper and news website covering the towns of Bolton and Bury in north-western England.
The Co-operative Bank plc is a retail and commercial bank in the United Kingdom, with its headquarters in Balloon Street, Manchester.
The Distillers Company Limited was a leading Scottish drinks and pharmaceutical company which at one time was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.
The Fylde is a coastal plain in western Lancashire, England.
The Jeremy Kyle Show is a British tabloid talk show presented by Jeremy Kyle.
The Leader was a British daily newspaper, published in Chester, in Cheshire, England.
The Mail, known previously as the North-West Evening Mail (1987-2017), is a daily, local newspaper in the United Kingdom, printed every evening.
The Manchester College is the largest further education college in the United Kingdom.
The Midlands is a cultural and geographic area roughly spanning central England that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia.
The Peel Group (commonly known by its former name Peel Holdings) is one of the UK's foremost privately owned investment enterprises, embracing a broad range of sectors - land and property; transport and logistics; retail and leisure; energy and media.
Revolution 96.2 (formerly known as 96.2 The Revolution) is an Independent Local Radio station broadcasting to the areas of Oldham, Rochdale and Tameside in Greater Manchester, England.
The Sun is a tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.
The Sunday Times Magazine is a magazine included with The Sunday Times.
The Tote, formerly the Horserace Totalisator Board and called in rhyming slang the nanny, is a British bookmaker with head offices in Wigan.
The Westmorland Gazette is a weekly newspaper published in Kendal, England.
Thelwall is a suburban village in Warrington, Cheshire, England, located close to the Lymm junction of the M6.
A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
The Themphos International B.V. was a venture of the chemical industry, which produced phosphorus and inorganic phosphorus compounds.
Thomas Cook Airlines (UK) Limited, is a British airline based in Manchester, England.
Thomas Whitham Sixth Form is a mixed 16 to 20 sixth form centre in Burnley, Lancashire.
Thomson Marconi Sonar (TMS) was formed as Ferranti Thomson Sonar Systems (FTSS) in 1990 by the merger of the sonar systems businesses of Thomson-CSF and Ferranti.
Thomson-CSF was a major electronics and defence contractor.
Thornton-Cleveleys is a conurbation consisting of the twin towns of Thornton and Cleveleys.
Thornton-le-Moors is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Thrust reversal, also called reverse thrust, is the temporary diversion of an aircraft engine's thrust so that it is directed forward, rather than backward.
The Time from NPL is a radio signal broadcast from the Anthorn Radio Station near Anthorn, Cumbria, which serves as the United Kingdom's national time reference.
Timotei is a shampoo brand owned by Unilever.
Timperley is a suburban village in Altrincham in the borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
Timpson is a British multinational retailer specialising in shoe repairs, key cutting and engraving, as well as dry cleaning & photo processing.
Tom Kilburn (11 August 1921 – 17 January 2001) was an English mathematician and computer scientist.
Tonge is an outlying area of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England.
Tongling (former names: Tunglinghsien, Tungkwanshan; literally "Copper Hillock") is a prefecture-level city in southern Anhui province.
Torfaen (Tor-faen) is a county borough in Wales within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire.
Tourcoing is a city in northern France.
Tower FM is a British Independent Local Radio station which broadcasts across the towns of Bolton and Bury from its studios in Orrell, in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan.
The track on a railway or railroad, also known as the permanent way, is the structure consisting of the rails, fasteners, railroad ties (sleepers, British English) and ballast (or slab track), plus the underlying subgrade.
The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions.
Traffic barriers (sometimes called Armco barriers,AK Steel (formerly Armco) genericized trademark also known in North America as guardrails or guard rails and in Britain as crash barriers) keep vehicles within their roadway and prevent them from colliding with dangerous obstacles such as boulders, sign supports, trees, bridge abutments, buildings, walls, and large storm drains, or from traversing steep (non-recoverable) slopes or entering deep water.
Traffic cones, also called pylons, witches' hats, road cones, highway cones, safety cones, or construction cones, are usually cone-shaped markers that are placed on roads or footpaths to temporarily redirect traffic in a safe manner.
Trafford is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England, with an estimated population of 233,300 in 2015.
The Trafford Centre (also known as the intu Trafford Centre) is a large indoor shopping centre and leisure complex in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
Trafford College is a further education college in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England.
Trafford Park is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, opposite Salford Quays on the southern side of the Manchester Ship Canal, southwest of Manchester city centre and north of Stretford.
A transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe, Africa or the Middle East to North America, Central America, or South America, or vice versa.
A transistor computer, now often called a second generation computer, is a computer which uses discrete transistors instead of vacuum tubes.
TransPennine Express (legally known as First TransPennine Express Limited) First TransPennine Express Limited is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup operating the TransPennine Express franchise.
The transport infrastructure of Greater Manchester is built up of numerous transport modes and forms an integral part of the structure of Greater Manchester and North West England – the most populated region outside of South East England which had approximately 301 million annual passenger journeys using either buses, planes, trains or trams in 2014.
Truancy is any intentional, unjustified, unauthorized, or illegal absence from compulsory education.
Tube Alloys was a code name of the clandestine research and development programme, authorised by the United Kingdom, with participation from Canada, to develop nuclear weapons during the Second World War.
TUI Airways, formerly Thomson Airways and often referred to as TUI UK, is the world's largest charter airline, offering scheduled and charter flights from the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland to destinations in Europe, Africa, Asia and North America.
Tulle is a commune in central France.
Tullis Russell is a British paper manufacturing company, in Cheshire East, that produces all the paper for UK Royal Mail stamps, and also provides paper for other countries' postage stamps, and security paper.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
Turtle Wax is a manufacturer of automotive appearance products.
TVR is an independent British manufacturer of high-end sports cars.
Twelve Quays is a ferry terminal and business park which is located between East Float and the River Mersey at Birkenhead, in England.
Twiglets are a wheat-based snack with a "distinctive knobbly shape" similar to that of a small twig.
Twyford Bathrooms is a manufacturer of bathroom fixtures based in Alsager, Cheshire, England.
Tyco International plc was a security systems company incorporated in the Republic of Ireland, with operational headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, United States (Tyco International (US) Inc.). Tyco International was composed of two major business segments: Security Solutions and Fire Protection.
Tyldesley is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in Greater Manchester, England.
Typhoo is a brand of tea in the United Kingdom.
The UGM-27 Polaris missile was a two-stage solid-fueled nuclear-armed submarine-launched ballistic missile.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Ulverston is a market town in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria in North West England.
Umbro is an English sportswear and football equipment supplier based in Manchester, England.
Unilever () is a British-Dutch transnational consumer goods company co-headquartered in London, United Kingdom and Rotterdam, Netherlands.
Unipart Group is a multinational logistics, supply chain, manufacturing and consultancy company headquartered in Cowley, Oxfordshire, England.
A nationwide census, known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday, 29 April 2001.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The 2015 United Kingdom general election was held on 7 May 2015 to elect 650 members to the House of Commons.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
United Utilities Group plc (UU), the United Kingdom's largest listed water company, was founded in 1995 as a result of the merger of North West Water and NORWEB.
The University of Bolton (formerly Bolton Institute of Higher Education or simply Bolton Institute) is a public university in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.
The University of Central Lancashire (abbreviated UCLan) is a public university based in the city of Preston, Lancashire, England.
The University of Chester is a public university located in the historic city of Chester, England.
The University of Cumbria is a public university in Cumbria.
The University of Law (ULaw) (formerly the College of Law) is a for-profit, private university in the United Kingdom, providing law degrees, specialist legal training, and continuing professional development courses for British barristers and solicitors.
The University of Liverpool is a public university based in the city of Liverpool, England.
The University of Manchester is a public research university in Manchester, England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Victoria University of Manchester.
The University of Salford, Manchester is a public research university in Salford, Greater Manchester, England, west of Manchester city centre.
Upholland is a civil parish and village in West Lancashire, England, 3 miles east of Skelmersdale and 4 miles west of Wigan.
Upton is a village in the northern part of the Wirral Peninsula, England, and is situated within of Birkenhead, of the Dee Estuary, a similar distance from the River Mersey, and from the Irish Sea.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
The Urenco Group is a nuclear fuel company operating several uranium enrichment plants in Germany, the Netherlands, United States, and United Kingdom.
Urmston is a town in Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, which had a population of 41,825 at the 2011 Census.
St Ivel Utterly Butterly is a British brand of dairy spreads, created by Unigate and sold in 2000 to Dairy Crest as part of the milk and cheese division.
Val-de-Reuil is a commune in the Eure department in Normandy in north-western France.
The Vauxhall Astra is a small family car that has been built by Vauxhall since 1979.
Vauxhall Motors LimitedCompany No.
The Veterans Agency was an Executive Agency of the UK government's Ministry of Defence (MoD).
Vickers-Armstrongs Limited was a British engineering conglomerate formed by the merger of the assets of Vickers Limited and Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Company in 1927.
The former Victoria University of Manchester, now the University of Manchester, was founded in 1851 as Owens College.
Victrex plc is a British-based supplier of high performance polymer solutions.
Villemomble is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Vimto is a soft drink sold in the United Kingdom.
Vinci, corporately styled VINCI, is a French concessions and construction company founded in 1899 as Société Générale d'Enterprises. It employs over 194,000 people, operate in more than 100 countries and is the largest construction company in the world by revenue. Vinci is listed at Euronext's Paris stock exchange and is a member of the Euro Stoxx 50 index. Its head office is in Rueil-Malmaison.
Virgin Atlantic, a trading name of Virgin Atlantic Airways Limited and Virgin Atlantic International Limited, is a British airline with its head office in Crawley, United Kingdom.
Virgin Trains (legal name West Coast Trains Limited) is a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Virgin Rail Group that has operated the InterCity West Coast franchise since 9 March 1997.
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
VisiCalc (for "visible calculator") was the first spreadsheet computer program for personal computers, originally released for the Apple II by VisiCorp.
Vitalite is a sunflower oil based margarine, produced by Dairy Crest in Kirkby, Merseyside.
Vitry-sur-Seine is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
Voestalpine AG is an international steel-based technology and capital goods group based in Linz, Austria.
The Voith GmbH & Co.
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
Wagon Wheels are a snack food sold in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Ireland, the Isle of Man, Malta, Spain, Russia, the Faroe Islands, and the Dominican Republic.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Walkden is a suburban town in the City of Salford, Greater Manchester, England, northwest of Salford, and of Manchester.
Walkers is a British snack food manufacturer mainly operating in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Wall's is a brand of meat products in the United Kingdom, best known for its sausages.
Wallasey is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in Merseyside, England, on the mouth of the River Mersey, at the northeastern corner of the Wirral Peninsula.
Walmersley is a suburban village in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England.
Walney Wind Farm is an offshore wind farm 14 km west of Walney Island off the coast of Cumbria, in the Irish Sea, England.
Walter Greenwood (17 December 1903 – 13 September 1974) was an English novelist, best known for the socially influential novel Love on the Dole (1933).
Wapping or Edge Hill Tunnel in Liverpool, England, was designed by George Stephenson and was constructed between 1826 and 1829 to enable goods services to operate between Liverpool docks and Manchester, as part of the planned Liverpool and Manchester Railway.
Warburtons is a British baking firm founded by Thomas Warburton in 1876 and based in Bolton, a town in Greater Manchester formerly Lancashire, England.
Warrington is a large town and unitary authority area in Cheshire, England, on the banks of the River Mersey, east of Liverpool, and west of Manchester.
The Warrington and Altrincham Junction Railway was a railway line that was in operation from 1 November 1853 to 7 July 1985.
Warrington Bank Quay railway station is one of two railway stations serving the town centre of Warrington in Cheshire, England.
Warrington Borough Council is the local authority of Warrington.
Warrington Central railway station is one of two main railway stations serving the town of Warrington in the north-west of England.
Warrington Wolves are a professional rugby league club in Warrington, England, that competes in Super League.
Warton Aerodrome is located in Warton village on the Fylde in Lancashire, England.
Wast Water or Wastwater is a lake located in Wasdale, a valley in the western part of the Lake District National Park, England.
Waters Corporation is a publicly traded Analytical Laboratory instrument and software company headquartered in Milford, Massachusetts.
We Buy Any Car Limited is an automotive purchasing and wholesale company headquartered in Farnham, Surrey, United Kingdom.
The Weaver Viaduct, in the north of Cheshire on the M56, is one of the longest concrete viaducts on the British motorway network.
Well, formerly The Co-operative Pharmacy, is the largest independent pharmacy business and the third largest overall pharmacy chain after Boots the Chemists and Lloyds Pharmacy (except in Wales, where Well is the biggest chain overall) in the United Kingdom.
The Wellcome Trust is a biomedical research charity based in London, United Kingdom.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
West Cheshire College was a further education, vocational college in the North West of England.
The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important railway corridors in the United Kingdom, connecting the major cities of London, Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, and Glasgow.
West Craven is an area in the east of Lancashire, England in the far northern part of the borough of Pendle.
West Heath is a suburb to the west of Congleton, in Cheshire, England.
West Kirby Grammar School (abbreviated to WKGS) is a non-denominational selective state-funded grammar school for girls with academy status in West Kirby on the Wirral Peninsula, England.
West Lancashire is a non-metropolitan district with the status of a borough in Lancashire, England.
The West Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England.
Westbrook is a ward and suburb in north west Warrington, Cheshire, England.
Westby-with-Plumptons is a civil parish in Lancashire, England.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
Westhoughton is a town and civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England.
Westinghouse Electric Company LLC is a US based nuclear power company formed in 1998 from the nuclear power division of the original Westinghouse Electric Corporation.
Westleigh, a suburb of Leigh, Greater Manchester is one of three ancient townships, Westleigh, Bedford and Pennington, that merged in 1875 to form the town of Leigh.
A wheelset is the wheel - axle assembly of a railroad car.
Whiston Hospital is an acute general hospital at Whiston, Merseyside, which along with St Helens Hospital is operated by the St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust.
Whiston is a large village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside, England.
Whitbread PLC is a British multinational hotel, coffee shop and restaurant company headquartered in Houghton Regis, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.
Whitby Morrison, also known as Whitby Specialist Vehicles, is a British engineering company based in Cheshire East, and the world's leading manufacturer of ice cream vans.
White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.
A white Christmas is a Christmas with the presence of snow: either on Christmas Eve or on Christmas Day, depending on local tradition.
Whitefield (pop. 23,283) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England.
Whitehaven is a town and port on the coast of Cumbria, England.
Whitehaven R.L.F.C. is a professional rugby league club playing in Whitehaven in west Cumbria.
The Whitehead torpedo was the first self-propelled or "locomotive" torpedo ever developed.
Whitworth is a small town and civil parish in Rossendale, Lancashire, England, amongst the foothills of the Pennines between Bacup, to the north, and Rochdale, to the south.
Widnes is an industrial town in Halton, Cheshire, Northwest England.
The Widnes Vikings are an English professional rugby league club based in Widnes, Cheshire that plays in the Super League, the top tier of European rugby league.
Wienerberger AG is the world’s largest producer of bricks, (Porotherm, Terca) and number one on the clay roof tile market (Koramic, Tondach) in Europe as well as concrete pavers (Semmelrock) in Central and Eastern Europe.
Wigan is a town in Greater Manchester, England, on the River Douglas, south-west of Bolton, north of Warrington and west-northwest of Manchester.
Wigan and Leigh College is a state General Further and Higher Education College based at six locations in the towns of Wigan and Leigh in Greater Manchester, England, United Kingdom.
Wigan Athletic Football Club is a professional football club in Wigan, Greater Manchester, England, which competes in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system.
The Wigan Evening Post (formerly Wigan Evening Post and Chronicle) is a daily (morning) British regional newspaper for the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in Greater Manchester.
Wigan Warriors is a professional Rugby League club based in Wigan, England.
Wigton is a market town in Cumbria, England.
William Philip Molyneux, 2nd Earl of Sefton (18 September 1772 – 20 November 1838), also known as Lord Dashalong, was a sportsman, gambler and a friend of the Prince Regent.
Sir William Pickles Hartley (23 February 1846 – 25 October 1922), jam manufacturer and philanthropist, founded the Hartley's jam company.
William Sturgeon (22 May 1783 – 4 December 1850) was an English physicist and inventor who made the first electromagnets, and invented the first practical English electric motor.
The Williams tube, or the Williams–Kilburn tube after inventors Freddie Williams (26 June 1911 – 11 August 1977), and Tom Kilburn (11 August 1921 – 17 January 2001), is an early form of computer memory.
Wilmslow is a town and civil parish in Cheshire, England, that is south of Manchester.
Windermere is the largest natural lake in England.
Windermere is a town and civil parish in the South Lakeland District of Cumbria, England.
Wingates is a small settlement located in the town of Westhoughton, in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.
right| Winnington is a small, mainly residential area of the town of Northwich in Cheshire, England.
The Winnington Laboratory was a former chemical laboratory in Cheshire.
Winsford is a town and civil parish within the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Winstanley College is a sixth-form college in the Billinge Higher End area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester.
The Winter Hill transmitting station is a broadcasting and telecommunications site on Winter Hill, at the southern boundary of the Borough of Chorley, and above Bolton in Greater Manchester, England.
Wire FM is a British Independent Local Radio station that serves the Warrington, Widnes and Runcorn areas of Cheshire (the latter two towns belong to the local government area known as Halton), with strong commitment to local news, sport and information.
Wirral Grammar School for Boys was founded in 1931 as a maintained selective grammar school for boys aged 11–18.
Wirral Grammar School for Girls is an all-girls grammar school on the Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, England.
The Wirral line is one of two commuter railway lines operated by Merseyrail and centred on Merseyside, England, the other being the Northern line.
Wish FM is a British Independent Local Radio that serves the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in Greater Manchester and the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, Merseyside.
Withnell is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Chorley, Lancashire, England.
The Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) was a women-only political movement and leading militant organisation campaigning for women's suffrage in the United Kingdom from 1903 to 1917.
Woodbury is a city in Gloucester County, New Jersey, in the United States.
Woodford Aerodrome or Manchester Woodford Aerodrome is a former private airfield and aircraft factory located at Woodford, Greater Manchester.
Woodford is a suburban village in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport in Greater Manchester, England.
Woodley is a suburb in the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
Workington is an historic industrial town and civil parish at the mouth of the River Derwent on the west coast of Cumbria, England.
Workington Town R.L.F.C. is a semi-professional rugby league club playing in Workington in west Cumbria.
Worksop is the largest town in the Bassetlaw district of Nottinghamshire, England, on the River Ryton at the northern edge of Sherwood Forest.
The annual World Pie Eating Championship is usually held at Harry's Bar on Wallgate, Wigan, Greater Manchester, England.
Wrea Green is a village in the Fylde borough of Lancashire, England.
The Wright J65 was an axial-flow turbojet engine produced by Curtiss-Wright under license from Armstrong Siddeley.
Wrightington is a civil parish in West Lancashire, England, with an area of 3,915½ acres.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
A number of Wurlitzer theatre organs were imported and installed in the United Kingdom in the period from 1925 to just before the Second World War (1939–45).
Wyre is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England.
Wythenshawe is an area of south Manchester, England.
Xaverian College is a Roman Catholic college in Manchester, England, founded by the Xaverian Brothers in 1862.
Xfm Manchester was a commercial radio station broadcasting alternative and indie music to Manchester in North West England.
is a Japanese electrical engineering and software company, with businesses based on its measurement, control, and information technologies.
Yorkshire and the Humber is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The Yorkshire Dales is an upland area of the Pennines in Northern England in the historic county of Yorkshire, most of it in the Yorkshire Dales National Park created in 1954.
Zeneca (officially Zeneca Group PLC) was a British multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Zreče is a town and a municipality in northeast Slovenia.
Imagine FM is an Independent Local Radio station based in Stockport broadcasting to South Manchester and Cheshire in the North West of England.
Central Radio was a British Independent Local Radio serving the Preston, Leyland and Chorley areas of Lancashire.
The 2015–16 season was the 136th season of competitive association football in England.
Two Boroughs Radio (known on air as 2BR) is a local radio station serving East and Central Lancashire, England.
2ZY was the name of a radio station broadcast by the British Broadcasting Company from Manchester, England, between 1922 and 1927.
List of North West England cities and metropolitan areas by Population, List of North West England cities and metropolitan areas by population, Manchester Liverpool Polynuclear Metropolitan Area, NW England, North West of England, North west England, North west of England, North-West England, Northwest England.