344 relations: Aalborg Airport, Action off Lofoten, Administrative Council (Norway), Admiral of the Fleet (Royal Navy), Admiralty, Adolf Hitler, Adrian Carton de Wiart, Air attaché, Air supremacy, Aircraft carrier, Allies of World War II, Altmark Incident, Amalienborg, Amphibious warfare, Amt (country subdivision), Anti-aircraft warfare, Antoine Béthouart, Arctic convoys of World War II, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arnold Peter Møller, Åndalsnes landings, Østerdalen, Østfold, Øystein Sørensen, Bagn, Baltic Sea, Bardufoss Air Station, Battle of Dombås, Battle of Drøbak Sound, Battle of France, Battle of Hegra Fortress, Battle of Midtskogen, Battle of the Atlantic, Battle of Vinjesvingen, Battles of Narvik, Battleship, BBC, Beisfjord, Bergen, Bergen Line, Berit Nøkleby, Bernard Paget, Bernard Warburton-Lee, Biggles, Birger Ljungberg, Bjørnfjell, Nordland, Bjerkvik, Blockade, Bodø, British Army, ..., British occupation of the Faroe Islands, Captain (Royal Navy), Capture of Arendal, Capture of Egersund, Carl Gustav Fleischer, Carsten Tank-Nielsen, Cecil Dormer, Charles Forbes (Royal Navy officer), Christian X of Denmark, Close air support, Coastal defence ship, Colin Gubbins, Commander-in-chief, Commerce raiding, Consolidated PBY Catalina, Copenhagen, De Havilland Mosquito, Defeatism, Den Store Danske Encyklopædi, Denmark, Denmark in World War II, Destroyer, Disinformation, Dive bomber, Drøbak, Eastern Norway, Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, Eduard Dietl, Egersund, Ehrhardt 7.5 cm Model 1901, Elverum, Elverum Authorization, Erich Buschenhagen, Erich Raeder, F. 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Aalborg Airport (Aalborg Lufthavn) is a dual-use (civilian/military) airport located in Nørresundby, Aalborg Municipality, Denmark, which is northwest of Aalborg.
The Action off Lofoten was a naval battle fought between the German Kriegsmarine and the British Royal Navy off the southern coast of the Lofoten Islands, Norway during World War II.
The Administrative Council (Administrasjonsrådet) was a council established by the Supreme Court to govern Norway.
Admiral of the Fleet is a five-star naval officer rank and the highest rank of the British Royal Navy.
The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy firstly in the Kingdom of England, secondly in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Lieutenant General Sir Adrian Paul Ghislain Carton de Wiart (5 May 1880 – 5 June 1963) was a British Army officer born of Belgian and Irish parents.
An air attaché is an Air Force officer who is part of a diplomatic mission; this post is normally filled by a high-ranking officer.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Altmark Incident (Norwegian: Altmark-affæren; German: Altmark-Zwischenfall) was a naval incident of World War II between British destroyers and the German tanker ''Altmark'', which happened on 16–17 February 1940.
Amalienborg is the home of the Danish royal family, and is located in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Amt is a type of administrative division governing a group of municipalities, today only in Germany, but formerly also common in other countries of Northern Europe.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Marie Émile Antoine Béthouart (17 December 1889 – 17 October 1982) was a French Army general who served during World War I and World War II.
The Arctic convoys of World War II were oceangoing convoys which sailed from the United Kingdom, Iceland, and North America to northern ports in the Soviet Union – primarily Arkhangelsk (Archangel) and Murmansk in Russia.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Arnold Peter Møller, commonly known as A. P. Møller, (2 October 1876 Dragør – 12 June 1965 Copenhagen) was a Danish shipping magnate, businessman who was the founder of the A.P. Moller-Maersk Group in 1904.
The Åndalsnes landings took place in Åndalsnes in Romsdal, Norway in 1940 during the Norwegian Campaign of World War II when, after the German invasion of Norway in April 1940, British troops landed in Åndalsnes as part of a pincer movement to take mid-Norwegian city Trondheim.
Østerdalen is a valley and traditional district in Hedmark County, in Eastern Norway.
Østfold is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord.
Øystein Sørensen (born 17 October 1954) is a Norwegian historian. A professor at the University of Oslo since 1996, he has published several books on the history of ideas, including Norwegian nationalism and national socialism, as well as general Norwegian World War II history. Born at Strømmen, he took the cand.philol. degree in 1981. His main inspiration for studying history was Jens Arup Seip and his inclination towards incorporating the history of ideas in general history. He published his first major work in 1983—the book Fra Marx til Quisling. Fem sosialisters vei til NS. The book is a portrait of five Norwegian socialists who in the interwar period became national socialists: Eugène Olaussen, Sverre Krogh, Halvard Olsen, Albin Eines and Håkon Meyer. He then turned to Norwegian 19th-century history with the 1984 book 1880-årene. 10 år som rystet Norge, marking the 100th anniversary of the introduction of parliamentarianism in Norway. Crossing 19th-century history with liberalism was the 1988 thesis Anton Martin Schweigaards politiske tenkning, on the ideology of politician Anton Martin Schweigaard. This work earned him the dr.philos. degree. He subsequently wrote two other works on right-wing extremism and national socialism in Norway: Hitler eller Quisling? Ideologiske brytninger i Nasjonal Samling 1940–45 (1989) and Solkors og solidaritet. Høyreautoritær samfunnstenkning i Norge ca. 1930–1945 (1991). One thread from the latter book—welfare policy—was followed in the 1993 Verdenskrig og velferd. Britiske, tyske og norske sosialpolitiske planer under annen verdenskrig. Sørensen also contributed to the Norsk krigsleksikon 1940–45, a 1995 encyclopaedia on World War II in Norway. He was promoted to professor at the University of Oslo in 1996. Sørensen is an elected member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters since 2010. In 1993 and 1997 he biographed Fridtjof Nansen and Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson respectively. This was a gateway to the topic of nationalism, and Sørensen headed a research project on the emergent Norwegian national identity in the 19th century. The project resulted in the 1998 book Jakten på det norske. Perspektiver på utviklingen av en norsk nasjonal identitet på 1800-tallet; Sørensen was the editor and wrote the opening chapter, Hegemonikamp om det norske, where he identified fourteen distinct projects of nation building in Norway between 1770 and 1945. Between 2001 and 2003, Sørensen was a co-editor, together with Trond Berg Eriksen, of the work Norsk idéhistorie. Sørensen wrote volume three of the work, Kampen om Norges sjel 1770–1905, and co-wrote the sixth and last volume Et lite land i verden together with Trond Berg Eriksen. In 2004 he was the co-editor of Et rettferdig oppgjør? with Hans Fredrik Dahl, a work on the legal purge in Norway after World War II. Historien om det som ikke skjedde, published in the same year, revolves around various counterfactual history events. Two years later, he published Den store sammensvergelsen. Historien om det hemmelige selskapet Illuminatus og dets mange ugjerninger, about the many theories concerning the secret society Illuminati. In 2010, he published a book on totalitarian ideologies, entitled Drømmen om det fullkomne samfunn. Sørensen is also considered an international expert on the Donald Duck universe, and was behind the publishing of the complete, thirty-volume works of Carl Barks in Norwegian, Swedish and Danish in 2004. Sørensen's expertise also includes the world of The Phantom, and he was actively involved with the publishing of twenty volumes chronicling the different generations of Phantoms, each separate volume featuring a scholarly article, written by Sørensen, summarising the relevant historical themes.
Bagn is the administrative centre of Sør-Aurdal municipality, Norway.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
Bardufoss Air Station (Norwegian: Bardufoss flystasjon) is located in the municipality of Målselv in Troms county in Northern Norway.
The Battle of Dombås was fought between Norwegian Army infantry forces and German ''Fallschirmjäger'' paratroops in mid-April 1940.
The Battle of Drøbak Sound took place in Drøbak Sound, the northernmost part of the outer Oslofjord in southern Norway, on 9 April 1940.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Hegra Fortress was a 25-day engagement in the 1940 Norwegian Campaign which saw a small force of Norwegian volunteers fighting numerically superior German forces from a fortified position.
The Battle of Midtskogen was the battle fought on the night between 9 and 10 April 1940 during the Second World War between a German raiding party and an improvised Norwegian force.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
The Battle of Vinjesvingen was a battle of the Norwegian Campaign and took place in May 1940 in the Telemark county, Norway.
The Battles of Narvik were fought from 9 April to 8 June 1940 as a naval battle in the Ofotfjord and as a land battle in the mountains surrounding the north Norwegian city of Narvik as part of the Norwegian Campaign of the Second World War.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beisfjord is a village in the municipality of Narvik in Nordland county, Norway.
Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.
The Bergen Line or the Bergen Railway (Bergensbanen or Bergensbana), is a long scenic standard gauge railway line between Bergen and Hønefoss, Norway.
Berit Nøkleby (born 25 September 1939) is a Norwegian historian.
General Sir Bernard Charles Tolver Paget, (15 September 1887 – 16 February 1961) was a senior British Army officer during the Second World War.
Captain Bernard Armitage Warburton Warburton-Lee VC (13 September 1895 – 10 April 1940) was a Welsh recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
James Bigglesworth, nicknamed "Biggles", is a fictional pilot and adventurer, the title character and hero of the Biggles series of adventure books, written for young readers by W. E. Johns (1893–1968).
Birger Ljungberg (7 June 1884 – 20 April 1967) was the Norwegian Minister of Defence 1939–1941.
Bjørnfjell (Bonjovárri) is a mountain and village of holiday cottage area in the municipality of Narvik in Nordland county, Norway.
Bjerkvik is a village in the municipality of Narvik in Nordland county, Norway.
A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.
Bodø (Bådåddjo) is a town and a municipality in Nordland county, Norway.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British occupation of the Faroe Islands in World War II, also known as Operation Valentine, was implemented immediately following the German invasion of Denmark and Norway.
Captain (Capt) is a senior officer rank of the Royal Navy.
The Capture of Arendal occurred on 9 April 1940 and saw the German torpedo boat ''Greif'' land a force of bicycle troops and seize an invasion beachhead at the Norwegian port town of Arendal.
The Capture of Egersund took place on 9 April 1940, and saw German soldiers of a bicycle squadron land at the Norwegian port town of Egersund, as part of the German invasion of Norway during the Second World War.
Carl Gustav Fleischer KCB (28 December 1883 – 19 December 1942Fleischer 1947, p. 216) was a Norwegian general and the first land commander to win a major victory against the Germans in the Second World War.
Carsten Tank-Nielsen (16 September 1877 – 2 August 1957) was a Norwegian naval officer, submarine pioneer and rear admiral.
Sir Cecil Francis Joseph Dormer (1883–1979) was the British Minister to Norway between 1934 and 1941.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Morton Forbes (22 November 1880 – 28 August 1960) was a Royal Navy officer.
Christian X (Christian Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm; 26 September 1870 – 20 April 1947) was King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 and the only king of Iceland (where the name was officially Kristján X), between 1918 and 1944.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
Coastal defence ships (sometimes called coastal battleships or coast defence ships) were warships built for the purpose of coastal defence, mostly during the period from 1860 to 1920.
Major-General Sir Colin McVean Gubbins (2 July 1896 – 11 February 1976) was the prime mover of the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in the Second World War.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
Commerce raiding is a form of naval warfare used to destroy or disrupt logistics of the enemy on the open sea by attacking its merchant shipping, rather than engaging its combatants or enforcing a blockade against them.
The Consolidated PBY Catalina, also known as the Canso in Canadian service, is an American flying boat, and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
Defeatism is the acceptance of defeat without struggle, often with negative connotations.
Den Store Danske Encyklopædi (The Great Danish Encyclopedia) is the most comprehensive contemporary Danish language encyclopedia.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
During most of World War II, Denmark was first a protectorate, then an occupied territory under Germany.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
Disinformation is false information spread deliberately to deceive.
A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy for the bomb it drops.
Drøbak is a town and the centre of the municipality of Frogn, in Akershus county, Norway.
Eastern Norway (Bokmål: Østlandet, Nynorsk: Austlandet) is the geographical region of the south-eastern part of Norway.
Field Marshal William Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, (6 May 1880 – 22 September 1959) was a senior officer of the British Army, who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff during the first year of the Second World War.
Eduard Dietl (21 July 1890 – 23 June 1944) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 20th Mountain Army.
Egersund is a town in Eigersund municipality in Rogaland county, Norway.
The Ehrhardt 7.5 cm Model 1901 was a field gun designed and built by the German company Rheinische Metallwaren- und Maschinenfabrik and sold to Norway in 1901.
is a city and municipality in Hedmark county, Norway.
The Elverum Authorization (Elverumsfullmakta) allowed the Cabinet of Norway to temporarily and legitimately assert absolute authority given that the Storting (the Norwegian parliament) was no longer able to convene in ordinary session in Oslo.
Erich Buschenhagen (8 December 1895 – 13 September 1994) was a German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany who commanded the LII Corps during World War II.
Erich Johann Albert Raeder (24 April 1876 – 6 November 1960) was a German grand admiral who played a major role in the naval history of World War II.
Frederick William Engdahl (born August 9, 1944) is an American writer based in Germany.
Fallschirmjäger is the German word for paratroopers.
The Faroe Islands (Føroyar; Færøerne), sometimes called the Faeroe Islands, is an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland, north-northwest of Scotland.
Fåberg is a village and former municipality in Oppland county, Norway.
Fåvang is a village and parish in the municipality of Ringebu, in Oppland county, Norway.
Førde is a municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Finnmark (italic; Finnmark; Фи́ннмарк, Fínnmark) is a county ("fylke") in the extreme northeastern part of Norway.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
The National Treasury of Norway consisted of 50 tons of gold worth in 1940 (approximately in 1940, or in 2015.) When the German invasion began, the gold was evacuated from Oslo first overland to Åndalsnes and then by ship to Tromsø.
is a town and the administrative centre of Flora Municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway.
Follafoss is a village in the municipality of Verran in Trøndelag county, Norway.
Foyle's War is a British detective drama television series set during (and shortly after) the Second World War, created by Midsomer Murders screenwriter and author Anthony Horowitz and commissioned by ITV after the long-running series Inspector Morse ended in 2000.
François Kersaudy (born 1948) is a French historian and professor of English language at the University of Paris.
The Norwegian armed forces in exile (Utefronten, "Forces Abroad") were remnants of the armed forces of Norway that continued to fight the Axis powers from Allied countries, such as Britain and Canada, after they had escaped the German conquest of Norway during World War II.
The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.
Friedrich Bonte (19 October 1896 – 10 April 1940) was the German naval officer commanding the destroyer flotilla that transported invasion troops to Narvik during the German invasion of Norway (Operation Weserübung) in April 1940.
Gebirgsjäger are the light infantry part of the alpine or mountain troops (Gebirgstruppe) of Germany and Austria.
The German occupation of Norway began on 9 April 1940 after German forces invaded the neutral Scandinavian country of Norway.
Albatros was a Type 23 torpedo boat which served in the German Reichsmarine and Kriegsmarine from 1926 to 1940.
The German torpedo boats of World War II were armed principally, if not exclusively, with torpedoes and varied widely in size.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
The Gloster Gladiator (or Gloster SS.37) is a British-built biplane fighter.
A government in exile is a political group which claims to be a country or semi-sovereign state's legitimate government, but is unable to exercise legal power and instead resides in another state or foreign country.
Grand admiral is a historic naval rank, the highest rank in the several European navies that used it.
Gudbrandsdalen (Gudbrand Valley) is a valley and traditional district in the Norwegian county of Oppland.
Guri Hjeltnes (born 23 October 1953) is a Norwegian journalist and historian.
Haakon VII (born Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel; 3 August 187221 September 1957), known as Prince Carl of Denmark until 1905, was a Danish prince who became the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the union with Sweden.
Haderslev (German) is a Danish town of Region of Southern Denmark with a population of 21,574 (1 January 2014).
Hallingdal (Halling Valley) is a valley as well as a traditional district located in Buskerud county in Norway.
Hamar is a town in Hamar Municipality in Hedmark county, Norway.
Hans Fredrik Dahl (born 16 October 1939) is a Norwegian historian, journalist and media scholar, best known in the English-speaking world for his biography of Vidkun Quisling, a Nazi collaborationist and Minister President for Norway during the Second World War.
Hans-Tore Bjerkaas (born June 7, 1951 in Tromsø) has been the Director-General of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK).
The Hardangerfjord (Hardanger Fjord) is the fourth longest fjord in the world, and the second longest fjord in Norway.
is the second-most populated municipality in Troms county, Norway.
Hattfjelldal (Aarborte and Árbordi) is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway.
Hattfjelldal Airport (Hattfjelldal flyplass) is a general aviation airport located in Hattfjelldal, Norway.
. Haugsbygd (formerly known as Vangsbygd and Vangsfjerdingen) is a village in Ringerike municipality, northeast of the center of Hønefoss, in Buskerud, Norway.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
Hønefoss is a town and the administrative center of the municipality of Ringerike in Buskerud county, Norway.
The heavy cruiser was a type of cruiser, a naval warship designed for long range and high speed, armed generally with naval guns of roughly 203mm calibre (8 inches in caliber) of whose design parameters were dictated by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
The Heinkel He 111 was a German aircraft designed by Siegfried and Walter Günter at Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in 1934.
Heistadmoen is a Norwegian military encampment in Kongsberg, in the county of Buskerud, Norway.
Henry Edward Diesen (3 April 1883 – 7 January 1953) was a Norwegian naval officer.
Hinnøya is the fourth largest island in Norway – and the largest off the mainland – covering an area of.
HMS Intrepid was one of nine s built for the Royal Navy during the 1930s.
HMS Ivanhoe was an built for the Royal Navy in the mid-1930s.
HNoMS Honningsvåg was a naval trawler that served throughout the Second World War as a patrol boat in the Royal Norwegian Navy.
The Home Fleet was a fleet of the Royal Navy that operated in the United Kingdom's territorial waters from 1902 with intervals until 1967.
Hordaland is a county in Norway, bordering Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Telemark, and Rogaland counties.
is a town and municipality in Vestfold county, Norway—located along the Oslofjord.
General Sir Hugh Charles Stockwell, (16 June 1903 – 27 November 1986) was a senior British Army officer most remembered for commanding the Anglo-French ground forces during the Suez Crisis and his service as Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe of NATO from 1960 to 1964.
An Independent Company was a formation of the British Army during the Second World War.
Into the White (also known as Comrade, Lost in the Snow and Cross of Honour in the United Kingdom) is a 2012 film set during the Second World War and directed by Petter Næss.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
The Irish Guards (IG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army and, together with the Royal Irish Regiment, it is one of the two Irish infantry regiments in the British Army.
Jacob Hvinden Haug (14 January 1880 – 2 June 1961) was a Norwegian military officer and grand master of the Norwegian Order of Freemasons.
James Holland (born 27 June 1970) is a British author and broadcaster.
Jøssingfjorden is a fjord in Sokndal municipality in Rogaland county, Norway.
John Ernst Steinbeck Jr. --> (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was an American author.
Josef Antonius Heinrich Terboven (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar for Norway during the German occupation of Norway and the Quisling regime.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
The Kattegat (Kattegatt) is a sea area bounded by the Jutlandic peninsula in the west, the Danish straits islands of Denmark to the south and the provinces of Västergötland, Scania, Halland and Bohuslän in Sweden in the east.
(Finnish and, Киркенес) is a town in Sør-Varanger Municipality in Finnmark county, in the far northeastern part of Norway.
Kongsberg is a town and municipality in Buskerud county, Norway.
Konrad Sundlo (born in 1881 in Kristiansand, Norway, died 25 May 1965 on Nesøya, Asker, Norway) was a Norwegian officer and politician in Nasjonal Samling before and during Second World War.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
Kristian Kristiansen Laake (9 April 1875 – 3 August 1950) was a Norwegian military officer.
Kristiansand, historically Christianssand and Christiansand, is a city and municipality in Norway.
Kristiansund (historically Christianssund and earlier Fosna) is a city and municipality on the western coast of Norway in the Nordmøre district of Møre og Romsdal county.
Kvam is a village in Gudbrandsdalen, Norway, situated along the Gudbrandsdalslågen (or the Lågen) river.
Langelinie (English: Long Line) is a pier, promenade and park in central Copenhagen, Denmark, and home of The Little Mermaid statue.
Lærdal is a municipality in the southeastern part of Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway.
Løgting (pronounced (Faroese: Føroya Løgting or just Løgtingið, Danish: Færøernes Lagting/Lagtinget, both meaning The løgting of the Faroes) is the unicameral parliament of the Faroe Islands, an autonomous country within the Danish Realm. The name literally means "Law Thing"—that is, a law assembly—and derives from Old Norse lǫgþing, which was a name given to ancient assemblies. A ting or þing has existed on the Faroe Islands for over a millennium and the Løgting was the highest authority on the islands in the Viking era. From 1274 to 1816 it functioned primarily as a judicial body, whereas the modern Løgting established in 1852 is a parliamentary assembly, which gained legislative power when home rule was introduced in 1948. The Manx Tynwald and the Icelandic Alþing are the two other modern parliaments with ties back to the old Norse assemblies of Europe. Today, the Faroe Islands compromise one constituency, and the number of MPs is fixed at 33. The first election with this new system was held on 19 January 2008, after the Election law was changed in late 2007, prior to which the membership of the Løgting varied from 27 to 32. The 7 constituencies had 27 seats and up to 5 supplementary seats. That Election Act came into force in 1978, and the eight general elections between 1978 and 2004 all resulted in 32 members. The Løgting is elected for a period of four years. Election of the Løgting can take place before the end of an election period if the Løgting agrees on dissolving itself. The Løgmaður (Prime Minister) issues a proclamation of the forthcoming election and appoints the day of election, which must take place, at the earliest, six weeks after the proclamation.
Lesjaskogsvatnet (literally the Lesjaskog lake) is a lake in Lesja, Norway.
The Liberation of Finnmark was a military operation, lasting from 23 October 1944 until 26 April 1945, in which Soviet and Norwegian forces wrestled away control of Finnmark, the northernmost county of Norway, from Germany.
A light cruiser is a type of small- or medium-sized warship.
Lillehammer is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway.
is municipality in Aust-Agder county, Norway.
Lindesnes (English: the Naze) is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway.
Lofoten is an archipelago and a traditional district in the county of Nordland, Norway.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
A.P. Moller–Maersk Group (Danish: A.P. Møller–Mærsk A/S), also known as Maersk, is a Danish business conglomerate with activities in the transport, logistics and energy sectors.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Milorg (abbreviation of militær organisasjon – military organization) was the main Norwegian resistance movement during World War II.
The Norwegian Minister of Defence is the head of the Norwegian Ministry of Defence.
The Royal Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services (Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet) is a Norwegian government ministry in charge of health policy, public health, health care services and health legislation in Norway.
Mo i Rana a town and administrative centre of the municipality of Rana in Nordland county, Norway.
Molde is a town and municipality in Romsdal in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway.
The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact,Charles Peters (2005), Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World, New York: PublicAffairs, Ch.
The Moscow Peace Treaty was signed by Finland and the Soviet Union on 12 March 1940, and the ratifications were exchanged on 21 March.
Mosjøen (Southern Sami: Mussere) is a town, a former town municipality, and a former privileged staple place in the Municipality of Vefsn in the southern part of the County of Nordland, Norway.
is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.
The Namsos Campaign, in Namsos, Norway, and its surrounding area involved heavy fighting between Anglo-French and Norwegian naval and military forces on the one hand, and German military, naval and air forces on the other in April and early May 1940.
(Norwegian) or Áhkanjárga (Northern Sami) is the third-largest town and municipality in Nordland county, Norway by population.
Nasjonal Samling (NS; literally "National Union") was a Norwegian far-right party active from 1933 to 1945.
Naval gunfire support (NGFS) (also known as shore bombardment) is the use of naval artillery to provide fire support for amphibious assault and other troops operating within their range.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
Nikolaus von Falkenhorst (17 January 1885 – 18 June 1968) was a German general and a war criminal during World War II.
Nils Johan Ringdal (6 March 1952 – 11 September 2008) was a Norwegian author and historian, known mostly for his works on Norwegian occupation history and Norwegian cultural history, and for his controversial book "Nationaltheaterets Historie 1899-1999" (The History of the National Theater 1899-1999).
No 263 Squadron was a Royal Air Force fighter squadron formed in Italy towards the end of the First World War.
No 332 Squadron of the Royal Air Force was formed at RAF Catterick in the North Riding of Yorkshire on 16 January 1942, as a Spitfire-equipped fighter squadron manned by Norwegians.
Nordland (Nordlánda) is a county in Norway in the Northern Norway region, bordering Troms in the north, Trøndelag in the south, Norrbotten County in Sweden to the east, Västerbotten County to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean (Norwegian Sea) to the west.
Norsk biografisk leksikon is the largest Norwegian biographical encyclopedia.
Norsk krigsleksikon 1940–1945 is a Norwegian encyclopaedia covering the Second World War.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
| The Northrop N-3PB Nomad was a single-engined American floatplane of the 1940s.
The Norwegian Shipping and Trade Mission (Nortraship) was established in London in April 1940 to administer the Norwegian merchant fleet outside German-controlled areas.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The Norway Debate, sometimes called the Narvik Debate, was a momentous debate in the British House of Commons during the Second World War on 7 and 8 May 1940.
The Norwegian Armed Forces (Forsvaret, "The Defence") is the military organisation responsible for the defence of Norway.
Norway achieved full independence in 1905, and in the first century of its short life has contributed to three major conflicts, World War II, the Cold War and the War on Terror.
The Norwegian Army Air Service (NoAAS) (Hærens flyvåpen) was established in 1914.
The Norwegian police troops in Sweden during World War II consisted of around 15,000 men, recruited from Norwegian refugees and trained at a number of secret camps in Sweden.
The Norwegian resistance to the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany began after Operation Weserübung in 1940 and ended in 1945.
NRK (an abbreviation of the Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS, generally expressed in English as the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation) is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in Norway.
Nybergsund is a village in the municipality of Trysil in Hedmark, Norway with a population of 363.
Nygaardsvold's Cabinet (later becoming the Norwegian government-in-exile) was appointed on 20 March 1935, the second Labour cabinet in Norway.
The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Odd Isaachsen Willoch (26 February 1885 – 9 April 1940) was a Norwegian naval officer who commanded one of the two coastal defence ships defending Narvik during the German invasion of Norway on 9 April 1940.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Ofotfjord (Ofotfjorden) or Narvik Fjord is a fjord in Nordland county, Norway.
Olav V (born Prince Alexander of Denmark; 2 July 1903 – 17 January 1991) was King of Norway from 1957 until his death.
Ole Kristian Grimnes (born 4 January 1937 in Tromsø) is a Norwegian historian.
In war, in the event of the imminent capture of a city, the government/military structure of the nation that controls the city will sometimes declare it an open city, thus announcing that it has abandoned all defensive efforts.
Operation Alphabet was an evacuation, authorised on May 24, 1940, of Allied (British, French and Polish) troops from the harbour of Narvik in northern Norway marking the success of Operation Weserübung the Nazi Germany invasion of April 9 and the end of the Allied campaign in Norway during World War II.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Operation Catherine was a proposed Baltic Sea offensive by the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom to be undertaken in the spring of 1940.
Operation Juno was a German naval offensive late in the Norwegian Campaign.
Operation Royal Marine was a military operation in May 1940 during the Second World War, in the Battle of France (10 May – 25 June 1940).
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
Operation Weserübung was the code name for Germany's assault on Denmark and Norway during the Second World War and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign.
Operation Wilfred was a British naval operation during the Second World War that involved the mining of the channel between Norway and her offshore islands to prevent the transport of Swedish iron ore through neutral Norwegian waters to be used to sustain the German war effort.
Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.
Oscarsborg Fortress (Oscarsborg festning) is a coastal fortress in the Oslofjord, close to the small town of Drøbak.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Oslo Airport, Fornebu (Oslo lufthavn, Fornebu) was the main airport serving Oslo and Eastern Norway from 1 June 1939 to 7 October 1998.
The Oslofjord (Oslo Fjord) is an inlet in the south-east of Norway, stretching from an imaginary line between the Torbjørnskjær and Færder lighthouses and down to Langesund in the south to Oslo in the north.
is a town in the municipality of Sel in the county of Oppland in Norway.
Otto Ruge (9 January 1882 – 15 August 1961) was a Norwegian general.
The word Panzer is a German word that means "armour" or specifically, "tank".
Paul Reynaud (15 October 1878 – 21 September 1966) was a French politician and lawyer prominent in the interwar period, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany.
Pen and Sword Books is a British publisher which specializes in printing and distributing books on military history, militaria and other niche subjects.
Peter Rochegune Munch (in Danish usually referred to as P. Munch) (1870–1948) was a leading Danish historian and politician.
The Petsamo–Kirkenes Offensive was a major military offensive during World War II, mounted by the Red Army against the Wehrmacht in 1944 in northern Finland and Norway.
The Phoney War (Drôle de guerre; Sitzkrieg) was an eight-month period at the start of World War II, during which there was only one limited military land operation on the Western Front, when French troops invaded Germany's Saar district.
Major General Pierse Joseph Mackesy, CB, DSO, MC (5 April 1883 – 8 June 1956), born in Dublin, Ireland was a British Army officer who, early in World War II, led the attempt to recapture Narvik in April–May 1940 in the ill-fated Norwegian Campaign.
Plan R 4 was the World War II British plan for an invasion of the neutral states of Norway and Sweden in April 1940.
The Polish Armed Forces in the West refers to the Polish military formations formed to fight alongside the Western Allies against Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II.
The Polish Navy (Marynarka Wojenna, "War Navy") is a military branch of the Polish Armed Forces responsible for naval operations.
The Prime Minister of Norway (statsminister, literally the "minister of the state") is the head of government of Norway and the most powerful person in Norwegian politics.
The Quisling regime or Quisling government are common names used to refer to the fascist collaborationist government led by Vidkun Quisling in German-occupied Norway during the Second World War.
In telecommunications, radio silence or Emissions Control (EMCON) is a status in which all fixed or mobile radio stations in an area are asked to stop transmitting for safety or security reasons.
RAF Coastal Command was a formation within the Royal Air Force (RAF).
RAF Fighter Command was one of the commands of the Royal Air Force.
Ragnvald Roscher Nielsen (1891 – 1979) was a Norwegian military officer, born in Fredrikshald.
Rasmus Hatledal (1 February 1885 – 14 July 1963) was a Norwegian topographer and military officer.
Rattray Head, historically Rattray Point, is a headland in Buchan, Aberdeenshire, on the north-east coast Scotland.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Reichskommissariat Norwegen was the civilian occupation regime set up by Nazi Germany in German-occupied Norway during World War II.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Rombaken or Rombaksfjord (Ruoppat) is a fjord branch of the Ofotfjorden in the municipality of Narvik in Nordland county, Norway.
Romsdal is the name of a traditional district in the Norwegian county Møre og Romsdal, located between Nordmøre and Sunnmøre.
Rosyth (Ros Fhìobh, "headland of Fife") is a town on the Firth of Forth, three miles (4.8 km) south of the centre of Dunfermline.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Danish Air Force (lit) (RDAF) is the aerial warfare force of Denmark and one of the four branches of the Danish Defence.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) (Luftforsvaret) is the air force of Norway.
The Royal Norwegian Navy (Norwegian: Sjøforsvaret, "the naval defence (forces)") is the branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces responsible for naval operations of the state of Norway.
The Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service (Marinens flyvevesen) was alongside the Norwegian Army Air Service the forerunner to the modern-day Royal Norwegian Air Force.
Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort or organization through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction.
Sør-Trøndelag was a county comprising the southern portion of the present-day Trøndelag county in Norway.
Scapa Flow viewed from its eastern end in June 2009 Scapa Flow is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray,S.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland between the First and Second World Wars (1918–1939).
Setesdal (older name: Sætersdal) is a valley and a traditional district in Aust-Agder County in southern Norway.
The Short S.25 Sunderland was a British flying boat patrol bomber, developed and constructed by Short Brothers for the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Sjoa river provides the outlet from lake Gjende at Gjendesheim in the Jotunheimen mountains of Norway's Jotunheim National Park.
The Skagerrak is a strait running between the southeast coast of Norway, the southwest coast of Sweden, and the Jutland peninsula of Denmark, connecting the North Sea and the Kattegat sea area, which leads to the Baltic Sea.
Skjerstad Fjord (Skjerstadfjorden) is a fjord in the municipalities of Bodø, Fauske, and Saltdal in Nordland county, Norway.
Sogn og Fjordane (English: Sogn and Fjordane) is a county in western Norway, bordering Møre og Romsdal, Oppland, Buskerud, and Hordaland.
The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden, nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway.
Son is an old town, and a former municipality.
South Jutland County (Danish: Sønderjyllands Amt) is a former county (Danish: amt) on the south-central portion of the Jutland Peninsula in southern Denmark.
South Norway (Norwegian: Sør-Norge, Northern Sami: Lulli-Norga) is the southern and by far most populous half of Norway, consisting of the regions of Western Norway, Eastern Norway, Southern Norway (Agder) and Trøndelag (Central Norway).
The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years.
Southern Norway (Sørlandet; lit. "The Southland") is the geographical region (landsdel) along the Skagerrak coast of southern Norway.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.
Stavanger is a city and municipality in Norway.
Steinkjer is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.
Store norske leksikon, abbreviated SNL, is a Norwegian language (bokmål) encyclopedia.
The Storting (Stortinget, "the great thing" or "the great assembly") is the supreme legislature of Norway, established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the sea bed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
The Supreme Court of Norway (Norwegian Bokmål: (Norges) Høyesterett; Norwegian Nynorsk: (Noregs) Høgsterett; lit. ‘Highest Court’) was established in 1815 on the basis of section 88 in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway, which prescribes an independent judiciary.
Sweden maintained its policy of neutrality during World War II.
Swedish iron ore was an important economic factor in the European theatre of World War II.
Sylt (Sild; Söl'ring North Frisian: Söl) is an island in northern Germany, part of Nordfriesland district, Schleswig-Holstein, and well known for the distinctive shape of its shoreline.
A tanker (or tank ship or tankship) is a ship designed to transport or store liquids or gases in bulk.
Telemark is a county in Norway, bordering Vestfold, Buskerud, Hordaland, Rogaland and Aust-Agder.
The Day Will Dawn, released in the US as The Avengers, is a 1942 war film set in Norway during World War II.
The King's Choice (Kongens nei, meaning "The King's No") is a 2016 biographical war film directed by Erik Poppe.
The Last Lieutenant (Secondløitnanten) is a Norwegian movie from 1993, directed by Hans Petter Moland and starring Espen Skjønberg.
The Moon Is Down, a novel by John Steinbeck fashioned for adaptation for the theatre and for which Steinbeck received the Norwegian King Haakon VII Freedom Cross, was published by Viking Press in March 1942.
The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany is a book by William L. Shirer chronicling the rise and fall of Nazi Germany from the birth of Adolf Hitler in 1889 to the end of World War II in 1945.
They Raid by Night is a 1942 American low-budget World War II film from Producers Releasing Corporation, directed by Spencer Gordon Bennet.
Thor Olaf Hannevig (20 April 1891 – 17 February 1975) was a Norwegian shipmaster.
Thorvald August Marinus Stauning (26 October 1873 in Copenhagen – 3 May 1942) was the first social democratic Prime Minister of Denmark.
A torpedo tube is a cylinder shaped device for launching torpedoes.
A trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo.
Tranøy is a municipality in Troms county, Norway.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
Tretten is a parish and a small village in the northern part of the Øyer municipality, Norway.
Troms (italic; Tromssa) is a county in Northern Norway.
Tromsø (Romsa; Tromssa; Tromssa) is a city and municipality in Troms county, Norway.
Trondheim (historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.
The Trondheim Fjord or Trondheimsfjorden, an inlet of the Norwegian Sea, is Norway's third-longest fjord at long.
A troopship (also troop ship or troop transport or trooper) is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
Valdres is a traditional district in central, southern Norway, situated between Gudbrandsdal and Hallingdal.
Vågsfjorden is a fjord in the southern part of Troms county in Norway.
Værnes Air Station (Værnes flystasjon) is an air station of the Royal Norwegian Air Force located in the municipality of Stjørdal in Trøndelag county, Norway.
Veblungsnes is a village located in Rauma Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway.
Vestfjord is a Norwegian sea area, the name literally meaning "the West fjord" called a fjord, which could be best described as a firth or an open bight of sea, between the Lofoten archipelago and the Salten district of mainland Norway.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling (18 July 1887 – 24 October 1945) was a Norwegian military officer and politician who nominally headed the government of Norway during the occupation of the country by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Vinstra is the name of both a small town and a river in Gudbrandsdalen.
is a municipality and a traditional district in Hordaland county, Norway.
William Earl Johns (5 February 189321 June 1968) was an English First World War pilot, and writer of adventure stories, usually written under the pen name Captain W. E. Johns.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Western Norway (Vestlandet, Vest-Norge, Vest-Noreg) is the region along the Atlantic coast of southern Norway.
Admiral of the Fleet William Henry Dudley Boyle, 12th Earl of Cork, 12th Earl of Orrery, (30 November 1873 – 19 April 1967) was a Royal Navy officer.
Brigadier William Fraser (5 July 1890 – 11 November 1964) was a younger son of Lord Saltoun and served as a British Army officer in both world wars.
William Steffens (5 November 1880 – 1964) was a Norwegian military officer, born in Christiania.
Admiral Sir William Jock Whitworth KCB DSO (29 June 1884 – 25 October 1973) was a senior Royal Navy officer who went on to be Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 146th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force (Territorial Army from 1920) with the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division.
The 148th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that served in both World War I and briefly in World War II as part of the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division and disbanded after the war.
The 15th Infantry Brigade, later 15 (North East) Brigade, was an infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 163rd Infantry Division (163.) was a German Army infantry division in World War II.
The 181st Infantry Division (German: 181. Infanterie-Division) was a German division in World War II.
The 1st Division (1.) is a former unit in the Norwegian Army, responsible for the defence of Eastern Norway along with 2nd Division.
The 24th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army from the First World War, serving through the Second World War, until 1999 when it was merged with the 5th Airborne Brigade to form 16 Air Assault Brigade.
During the early part of the Norwegian Campaign of the Second World War, the Norwegian 2nd Division (2.), commanded by General Jacob Hvinden Haug, was responsible for defending Eastern Norway against Nazi Germany.
The 6th Division (6.) is a former Norwegian military unit.
4/9 1940 Norwegian Campaign, Allied campaign in Norway, Allied campaign in norway, Battle of Norway, British campaign in Norway, Campaign of Norway, German invasion of Norway, Nazi-Germany's invasion in Norway, Norway 1940, Norway Campaign, Norway campaign, Norway during World War II, Norwegian campaign.