129 relations: Abdominal pain, Abstract and concrete, Action (philosophy), Adjective, Afro-Caribbean, Agreement (linguistics), Ancient Greek, Anglo-Norman language, Antarctica, Anthropomorphism, Article (grammar), Artifact (error), Atom, Bacteria, Bimal Krishna Matilal, Boot, Chemical state, Clause, Closet, Cognate, Color, Complement (linguistics), Confucius, Confusion, Cooperativeness, Cratylus (dialogue), Czech language, Description, Determiner, Diffusion, Dionysius Thrax, Dog, Earth, Electrification, Embezzlement, English language, Exercise, Explosion, Flight, French language, Grammatical case, Grammatical category, Grammatical gender, Grammatical number, Grand Canyon, Gremlin, Guitar, Hammer, Head (linguistics), Hearing loss, ..., Heat, Hendiadys, Hendiatris, House, Idea, Impossibility, Inalienable possession, India, Italian language, Jealousy, Joy, Jupiter, Klingon, Latin, Latin grammar, Legal fiction, Length, Linguistics, Location, Manfred Krifka, Mathematics, Morphology (linguistics), Mushroom, Musician, Nelson Mandela, Nirukta, Nominal (linguistics), Noun adjunct, Noun phrase, Numeral system, Object (grammar), Organism, Part of speech, Pegasus, Pencil, Pequod (Moby-Dick), Perfection, Phi features, Physical body, Pingelapese language, Plato, Plural, Prefix, Preposition and postposition, Pronoun, Punctuation, Qualia, Quality (physics), Quantifier (linguistics), Reasonable person, Reference, River, Rock (geology), Rose, Roundness (object), Russian language, Sanskrit, Semantics, Sense, Sex, Shadow, Sleep, Subject (grammar), Suffix, Swimming, Symmetry, Syntax, Temple, The Art of Grammar, The Complete Plain Words, The New York Times, University of Chicago Press, Utopia, Verb, Vulcan (Star Trek), Warp drive, Weight, Word, Yāska. Expand index (79 more) » « Shrink index
Abdominal pain, also known as a stomach ache, is a symptom associated with both non-serious and serious medical issues.
Abstract and concrete are classifications that denote whether a term describes an object with a physical referent or one with no physical referents.
In philosophy, an action is something which is done by an agent.
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
Afro-Caribbean, a term not used by West Indians themselves but first coined by Americans in the late 1960s, describes Caribbean people who trace at least some of their ancestry to West Africa in the period since Christopher Columbus' arrival in the region in 1492.
Agreement or concord (abbreviated) happens when a word changes form depending on the other words to which it relates.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Anglo-Norman, also known as Anglo-Norman French, is a variety of the Norman language that was used in England and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in the British Isles during the Anglo-Norman period.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.
An article (with the linguistic glossing abbreviation) is a word that is used with a noun (as a standalone word or a prefix or suffix) to specify grammatical definiteness of the noun, and in some languages extending to volume or numerical scope.
In natural science and signal processing, an artifact is any error in the perception or representation of any information, introduced by the involved equipment or technique(s).
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Bimal Krishna Matilal (1935–1991) was an Indian philosopher whose influential writings present the Indian philosophical tradition as a comprehensive system of logic incorporating most issues addressed by themes in Western philosophy.
A boot is a type of footwear and a specific type of shoe.
The chemical state of a chemical element is due to its electronic, chemical and physical properties as it exists in combination with itself or a group of one or more other elements.
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition.
A closet (especially in North American usage) is an enclosed space used for storage, particularly that of clothes.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.
In grammar, a complement is a word, phrase or clause that is necessary to complete the meaning of a given expression.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
Confusion (from Latin confusĭo, -ōnis, from confundere: "to pour together;" "to mingle together;" "to confuse") is the state of being bewildered or unclear in one’s mind about something.
Cooperativeness is a personality trait concerning the degree to which a person is generally agreeable in their relations with other people as opposed to aggressively self-centred and hostile.
Cratylus (Κρατύλος, Kratylos) is the name of a dialogue by Plato.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
Description is the pattern of narrative development that aims to make vivid a place, an object, a character, or a group.
A determiner, also called determinative (abbreviated), is a word, phrase, or affix that occurs together with a noun or noun phrase and serves to express the reference of that noun or noun phrase in the context.
Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration (or high chemical potential) to a region of low concentration (or low chemical potential) as a result of random motion of the molecules or atoms.
Dionysius Thrax (Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ,, Contemporary Koine:; 170–90 BC) was a Hellenistic grammarian and a pupil of Aristarchus of Samothrace.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
Electrification is the process of powering by electricity and, in many contexts, the introduction of such power by changing over from an earlier power source.
Embezzlement is the act of withholding assets for the purpose of conversion (theft) of such assets, by one or more persons to whom the assets were entrusted, either to be held or to be used for specific purposes.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
An explosion is a rapid increase in volume and release of energy in an extreme manner, usually with the generation of high temperatures and the release of gases.
Flight is the process by which an object moves through an atmosphere (or beyond it, as in the case of spaceflight) without contact with the surface.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Case is a special grammatical category of a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle or numeral whose value reflects the grammatical function performed by that word in a phrase, clause or sentence.
A grammatical category is a property of items within the grammar of a language; it has a number of possible values (sometimes called grammemes), which are normally mutually exclusive within a given category.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
The Grand Canyon (Hopi: Ongtupqa; Wi:kaʼi:la, Navajo: Tsékooh Hatsoh, Spanish: Gran Cañón) is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, United States.
A gremlin is a folkloric mischievous creature that causes malfunctions in aircraft or other machinery.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
A hammer is a tool or device that delivers a blow (a sudden impact) to an object.
In linguistics, the head or nucleus of a phrase is the word that determines the syntactic category of that phrase.
Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
Hendiadys (a Latinized form of the Greek phrase ἓν διὰ δυοῖν, hèn dià duoîn, "one through two") is a figure of speech used for emphasis—"The substitution of a conjunction for a subordination".
Hendiatris (from the ἓν διὰ τρεῖς, hen dia treis, "one through three") is a figure of speech used for emphasis, in which three words are used to express one idea.
A house is a building that functions as a home.
In philosophy, ideas are usually taken as mental representational images of some object.
In contract law, impossibility is an excuse for the nonperformance of duties under a contract, based on a change in circumstances (or the discovery of preexisting circumstances), the nonoccurrence of which was an underlying assumption of the contract, that makes performance of the contract literally impossible.
In linguistics, inalienable possession (abbreviated) is a type of possession in which a noun is obligatorily possessed by its possessor.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Jealousy is an emotion; the term generally refers to the thoughts or feelings of insecurity, fear, concern, and envy over relative lack of possessions, status or something of great personal value, particularly in reference to a comparator.
The word joy means a feeling of great pleasure and happiness.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.
The Klingons (Klingon: tlhIngan) are a fictional extraterrestrial humanoid warrior species in the science fiction franchise Star Trek.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin is a heavily inflected language with largely free word order.
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to help reach a decision or to apply a legal rule.
In geometric measurements, length is the most extended dimension of an object.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
The terms location and place in geography are used to identify a point or an area on the Earth's surface or elsewhere.
Manfred Krifka (born 26 April 1956 in Dachau) is a German linguist.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Nirukta (निरुक्त) means "explained, interpreted" and refers to one of the six ancient Vedangas, or ancillary science connected with the Vedas – the scriptures of Hinduism.
In linguistics, the term nominal refers to a category used to group together nouns and adjectives based on shared properties.
In grammar, a noun adjunct or attributive noun or noun (pre)modifier is an optional noun that modifies another noun; it is a noun functioning as a pre-modifier in a noun phrase.
A noun phrase or nominal phrase (abbreviated NP) is a phrase which has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head, or which performs the same grammatical function as such a phrase.
A numeral system (or system of numeration) is a writing system for expressing numbers; that is, a mathematical notation for representing numbers of a given set, using digits or other symbols in a consistent manner.
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
In traditional grammar, a part of speech (abbreviated form: PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties.
Pegasus (Πήγασος, Pḗgasos; Pegasus, Pegasos) is a mythical winged divine stallion, and one of the most recognized creatures in Greek mythology.
A pencil is a writing implement or art medium constructed of a narrow, solid pigment core inside a protective casing which prevents the core from being broken and/or from leaving marks on the user’s hand during use.
Pequod is a fictional 19th-century Nantucket whaling ship that appears in the 1851 novel Moby-Dick by American author Herman Melville.
Perfection is, broadly, a state of completeness and flawlessness.
In linguistics, phi features are the semantic features of person, number, and gender, as encoded in such words as nouns and pronouns (which are said to consist only of phi-features, containing no lexical head).
In physics, a physical body or physical object (or simply a body or object) is an identifiable collection of matter, which may be constrained by an identifiable boundary, and may move as a unit by translation or rotation, in 3-dimensional space.
The Pingelapese language is a Micronesian language native to Pingelap, an atoll belonging to the state of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
The plural (sometimes abbreviated), in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number.
A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.
Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun (abbreviated) is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.
In philosophy and certain models of psychology, qualia (or; singular form: quale) are defined to be individual instances of subjective, conscious experience.
In response theory, the quality of an excited system is related to the number of excitation frequencies to which it can respond.
In linguistics and grammar, a quantifier is a type of determiner, such as all, some, many, few, a lot, and no, (but not numerals) that indicates quantity.
In law, a reasonable person, reasonable man, or the man on the Clapham omnibus is a hypothetical person of legal fiction crafted by the courts and communicated through case law and jury instructions.
Reference is a relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object.
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.
Roundness is the measure of how closely the shape of an object approaches that of a mathematically perfect circle.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
A sense is a physiological capacity of organisms that provides data for perception.
Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.
A shadow is a dark area where light from a light source is blocked by an opaque object.
Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles, and reduced interactions with surroundings.
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'.
In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.
Swimming is the self-propulsion of a person through fresh or salt water, usually for recreation, sport, exercise, or survival.
Symmetry (from Greek συμμετρία symmetria "agreement in dimensions, due proportion, arrangement") in everyday language refers to a sense of harmonious and beautiful proportion and balance.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
A temple (from the Latin word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice.
The Art of Grammar (Τέχνη Γραμματική or (romanized) Téchnē Grammatikḗ) is a treatise on Greek grammar, attributed to Dionysius Thrax, who wrote in the 2nd century BC.
The Complete Plain Words, titled simply Plain Words in its 2014 revision, is a style guide written by Sir Ernest Gowers, published in 1954.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
A utopia is an imagined community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities for its citizens.
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
Vulcans (also Vulcanians) are a fictional extraterrestrial humanoid species in the Star Trek franchise who originate from the planet Vulcan.
A warp drive is a fictitious faster-than-light (FTL) spacecraft propulsion system in many science fiction works, most notably Star Trek.
In science and engineering, the weight of an object is related to the amount of force acting on the object, either due to gravity or to a reaction force that holds it in place.
In linguistics, a word is the smallest element that can be uttered in isolation with objective or practical meaning.
was an early Sanskrit grammarian who preceded Pāṇini (fl. 6-5th century BCE, Quote: "Ashtadhyayi, Sanskrit Aṣṭādhyāyī (“Eight Chapters”), Sanskrit treatise on grammar written in the 6th to 5th century BCE by the Indian grammarian Panini."), assumed to have lived in the 7th century BCE.