355 relations: A10 autoroute, A20 autoroute, A62 autoroute, A63 autoroute, A630 autoroute, A64 autoroute, A65 autoroute, A83 autoroute, A837 autoroute, A89 autoroute, Adour, Aerospace, Aerospace manufacturer, Aerospace Valley, Agen, Agen La Garenne Airport, Agence France-Presse, Agribusiness, Agriculture, Aire-sur-l'Adour, Airvault, Alain Rousset, Alpine climate, Ambarès-et-Lagrave, Andernos-les-Bains, Anglet, Angoulême, Angoulême – Cognac International Airport, Angoumois, Appellation d'origine contrôlée, Aquarium de La Rochelle, Aquitaine, Aquitaine Basin, Aragon, Arcachon, Arcachon Bay, Armagnac (brandy), Arrondissement of Dax, Arrondissement of Pau, Aspe Valley, Atlantic Ocean, Aubusson, Creuse, Aunis, Auros, Austria, Auvézère, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Aytré, Égletons, Évaux-les-Bains, ..., Île de Ré, Île-d'Aix, Île-de-France, Baise, Basque Country (autonomous community), Basque language, Basque Y, Bay of Biscay, Bayonne, Bazas, Bègles, Béarn, Beauce, Bergerac Dordogne Périgord Airport, Bergerac, Dordogne, Biarritz, Biarritz Pays Basque Airport, Bidasoa, Bilbao, Billabong (clothing), Biotechnology, Biscarrosse, Blonde d'Aquitaine, Bordeaux, Bordeaux wine, Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport, Branne, Gironde, Briance, Briscous, Brive-la-Gaillarde, Brive–Souillac Airport, Cambo-les-Bains, Came, Canal du Midi, Cap Ferret, Capbreton, Castelnaud-la-Chapelle, Castets-en-Dorthe, Castillon-la-Bataille, Cazaux, Cémoi, Cenon, Centre-Val de Loire, Cestas, Chabichou, Chalosse, Charente, Charente (river), Charente-Maritime, Charron, Charente-Maritime, Châtelaillon-Plage, Châtellerault, Chemistry, Ciboure, Clain, Cognac, Cognac, France, Col du Pourtalet, Col du Soulor, Collonges-la-Rouge, Compagnie des Alpes, Conseil d'État (France), Corrèze, Corrèze (river), County of La Marche, Creuse, Cyclone Klaus, Cyclone Xynthia, Cyclones Lothar and Martin, Dassault Aviation, Dax, Landes, Deux-Sèvres, Digital economy, Dordogne, Dordogne (river), Double-barrelled name, Dronne, Duchy of 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Occitanie (administrative region), Oceanic climate, Oléron, Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Oradour-sur-Glane, Orthez, Ossau Valley, Parc naturel régional Périgord Limousin, Paris, Paris Basin, Parthenaise, Patxaran, Pau Pyrénées Airport, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Pauillac, Pays de la Loire, Périgord, Périgueux, Périgueux Bassillac Airport, Perpignan, Pessac, Pic d'Anie, Pic d'Orhy, Pic de Ger, Pic du Midi d'Ossau, Pineau des Charentes, Pointe de Grave, Poitevin dialect, Poitevin-Saintongeais, Poitiers, Poitiers–Biard Airport, Poitou, Poitou-Charentes, Popcorn, Port-des-Barques, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Prune, Pyrénées National Park, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Pyrenees, Queyssac-les-Vignes, Quiksilver, Regions of France, Rip Curl, Rocamadour cheese, Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, Roquefort, Lot-et-Garonne, Royan, Saint-Émilion, Saint-Denis-d'Oléron, Saint-Genis-de-Saintonge, Saint-Jean-de-Luz, Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, Saint-Loubès, Saint-Médard-en-Jalles, Saint-Paul-lès-Dax, Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron, 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The A10, also called L'Aquitaine, is an Autoroute in France, running for 549 km (341 mi) from the A6 south of Paris to the A630 at Bordeaux.
The A20 autoroute or L'Occitane is a highway through central France.
The A62 autoroute is a French motorway forming part of the Autoroute de Deux Mers.
The A63 autoroute is a motorway in southwest France, connecting Bordeaux (from Junction 15 of the Rocade) to the border with Spain.
The A630 autoroute is a motorway in south west France.
The A64 autoroute is a motorway in south western France.
The A65 autoroute is a motorway in south west France.
The A83 autoroute is a motorway in France.
The A837 autoroute is a motorway in western France it is also known as the Autoroute des Oiseaux.
The A89 autoroute is a motorway in central France.
The Adour (Aturri, Ador) is a river in southwestern France.
Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).
An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, or spacecraft.
Aerospace Valley is a French cluster of aerospace engineering companies and research centres.
The commune of Agen is the prefecture of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Agen La Garenne Airport or Aérodrome d'Agen - La Garenne is an airport located in Le Passage and 3 km southwest of Agen, both communes of the Lot-et-Garonne département in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine région of France.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Agribusiness is the business of agricultural production.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Aire-sur-l'Adour is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Airvault is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.
Alain Rousset (born February 16, 1951) is the Socialist president of the Aquitaine region of France, and a Deputy in the National Assembly of France, representing the 7th constituency of the Gironde.
Alpine climate is the average weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line.
Ambarès-et-Lagrave (Ambarés e La Grava in Gascon dialect) is a French commune in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Andernos-les-Bains is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.
Anglet (Angelu) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Angoulême (Poitevin-Saintongeais: Engoulaeme; Engoleime) is a commune, the capital of the Charente department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Angoulême – Cognac International Airport (Aéroport international d'Angoulême - Cognac), also known as Angoulême – Brie – Champniers Airport (Aéroport d'Angoulême - Brie - Champniers), is an airport located northeast of Angoulême, between Brie and Champniers, all communes of the Charente département in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine région of France.
Angoumois or equally historically the comté d'Angoulême was a county and province of France, originally inferior to the parent duchy of Aquitaine, similar to the Périgord to its east but lower and generally less forested, equally with occasional vineyards throughout.
The appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC;; "protected designation of origin") is the French certification granted to certain French geographical indications for wines, cheeses, butters, and other agricultural products, all under the auspices of the government bureau Institut national des appellations d'origine, now called Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité (INAO).
Aquarium de La Rochelle is a family-owned public aquarium in La Rochelle, France.
Aquitaine (Aquitània; Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Aguiéne), archaic Guyenne/Guienne (Occitan: Guiana) was a traditional region of France, and was an administrative region of France until 1 January 2016.
The Aquitaine Basin is, after the Paris Basin, the second largest Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary basin in France, occupying a large part of the country's southwestern quadrant.
Aragon (or, Spanish and Aragón, Aragó or) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon.
Arcachon (Arcaishon in Gascon) is a commune in the southwestern French department of Gironde.
Arcachon Bay (in French, the Bassin d'Arcachon, and known locally simply as "le Bassin") is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest coast of France, situated in Pays de Buch between the Côte d'Argent and the Côte des Landes, in the region of Aquitaine.
Armagnac is a distinctive kind of brandy produced in the Armagnac region in Gascony, southwest France.
The arrondissement of Dax is an arrondissement of France in the Landes department in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region.
The arrondissement of Pau is an arrondissement of France in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region.
The Aspe Valley is a valley in the French part of the Pyrenees, department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Aubusson (Occitan auvergnat: Le Buçon, formerly Aubuçon) is a commune in the Creuse department region in central France.
Aunis is a historical province of France, situated in the north-west of the department of Charente-Maritime.
Auros is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
The Auvézère (Occitan dialect: Auvesera) is a 112 km long river in the regions Limousin and Aquitaine, France.
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (Ôvèrgne-Rôno-Ârpes, Auvèrnhe Ròse Aups, Alvernia-Rodano-Alpi) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014; it resulted from the merger of Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes.
Aytré is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.
Égletons (Aus Gletons in Occitan) is a commune in the Corrèze department in south-western France.
Évaux-les-Bains is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France.
Île de Ré (variously spelled Rhé, Rhéa or Rhea; in English Isle of Rhé) is an island off the west coast of France near La Rochelle, on the northern side of the Pertuis d'Antioche strait.
Île-d'Aix is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department off the west coast of France.
Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.
Baise (local pronunciation), or Bose, is the westernmost prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China bordering Vietnam as well as the provinces of Guizhou and Yunnan.
The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain.
Basque (euskara) is a language spoken in the Basque country and Navarre. Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and, as a language isolate, to any other known living language. The Basques are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country, a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France. The Basque language is spoken by 28.4% of Basques in all territories (751,500). Of these, 93.2% (700,300) are in the Spanish area of the Basque Country and the remaining 6.8% (51,200) are in the French portion. Native speakers live in a contiguous area that includes parts of four Spanish provinces and the three "ancient provinces" in France. Gipuzkoa, most of Biscay, a few municipalities of Álava, and the northern area of Navarre formed the core of the remaining Basque-speaking area before measures were introduced in the 1980s to strengthen the language. By contrast, most of Álava, the western part of Biscay and central and southern areas of Navarre are predominantly populated by native speakers of Spanish, either because Basque was replaced by Spanish over the centuries, in some areas (most of Álava and central Navarre), or because it was possibly never spoken there, in other areas (Enkarterri and southeastern Navarre). Under Restorationist and Francoist Spain, public use of Basque was frowned upon, often regarded as a sign of separatism; this applied especially to those regions that did not support Franco's uprising (such as Biscay or Gipuzkoa). However, in those Basque-speaking regions that supported the uprising (such as Navarre or Álava) the Basque language was more than merely tolerated. Overall, in the 1960s and later, the trend reversed and education and publishing in Basque began to flourish. As a part of this process, a standardised form of the Basque language, called Euskara Batua, was developed by the Euskaltzaindia in the late 1960s. Besides its standardised version, the five historic Basque dialects are Biscayan, Gipuzkoan, and Upper Navarrese in Spain, and Navarrese–Lapurdian and Souletin in France. They take their names from the historic Basque provinces, but the dialect boundaries are not congruent with province boundaries. Euskara Batua was created so that Basque language could be used—and easily understood by all Basque speakers—in formal situations (education, mass media, literature), and this is its main use today. In both Spain and France, the use of Basque for education varies from region to region and from school to school. A language isolate, Basque is believed to be one of the few surviving pre-Indo-European languages in Europe, and the only one in Western Europe. The origin of the Basques and of their languages is not conclusively known, though the most accepted current theory is that early forms of Basque developed prior to the arrival of Indo-European languages in the area, including the Romance languages that geographically surround the Basque-speaking region. Basque has adopted a good deal of its vocabulary from the Romance languages, and Basque speakers have in turn lent their own words to Romance speakers. The Basque alphabet uses the Latin script.
Basque Y is the high-speed rail network being built between the three cities of the Basque Autonomous Community, in Spain; Bilbao, Vitoria-Gasteiz and Donostia-San Sebastián.
The Bay of Biscay (Golfe de Gascogne, Golfo de Vizcaya, Pleg-mor Gwaskogn, Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean located south of the Celtic Sea.
Bayonne (Gascon: Baiona; Baiona; Bayona) is a city and commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
Bazas is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.
Bègles (Gascon: Begla) is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.
Béarn (Gascon: Bearn or Biarn; Bearno or Biarno) is one of the traditional provinces of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France.
Beauce is a natural region in northern France, located between the Seine and Loire rivers.
Bergerac Dordogne Périgord Airport (Aéroport de Bergerac Dordogne Périgord) is an airport serving Bergerac, a commune of the Dordogne department (formerly the Périgord province) in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of France.
Bergerac is a commune and a sub-prefecture of the Dordogne department in southwestern France.
Biarritz (Biarritz or Miarritze; Gascon Biàrritz) is a city on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the French Basque Country in Southwestern France.
Biarritz Pays Basque Airport, also known as Biarritz Airport or Biarritz-Parme Airport, is an airport serving Biarritz, France.
The Bidasoa (Bidassoa) is a river in the Basque Country of northern Spain and southern France that runs largely south to north.
Bilbao (Bilbo) is a city in northern Spain, the largest city in the province of Biscay and in the Basque Country as a whole.
Billabong International Limited is a surf company, primarily a clothing retailer that also produces accessories, like watches and backpacks and skateboard and snowboard products under other brand-names.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Biscarrosse is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The Blonde d'Aquitaine is a modern French breed of large domestic beef cattle.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
A Bordeaux wine is any wine produced in the Bordeaux region of southwest France, centred on the city of Bordeaux on the Garonne River, to the north of the city the Dordogne River joins the Garonne forming the broad estuary called the Gironde and covering the whole area of the Gironde department,with a total vineyard area of over 120,000 hectares, making it the largest wine growing area in France.
Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport (Aéroport de Bordeaux-Mérignac) is the international airport of Bordeaux, in south-western France.
Branne is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The Briance (la Briance) is a long river in the Haute-Vienne département, central France.
Briscous (Basque Beskoitze) is a town in the traditional Basque province of Labourd, now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.
Brive-la-Gaillarde (Limousin dialect of Occitan language: Briva la Galharda) is a commune of France.
Brive–Souillac Airport (also Brive–Dordogne Valley Airport (Aéroport de Brive – Vallée de la Dordogne)) is an international airport located south of Brive-la-Gaillarde, a commune of the Corrèze department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of France.
Cambo-les-Bains (Basque Kanbo) is a town in the traditional Basque province of Labourd, now in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France on the south-western bank of the river Nive.
A came is a divider bar used between small pieces of glass to make a larger glazing panel.
The Canal du Midi (meaning canal of the two seas) is a long canal in Southern France (le Midi).
Cap Ferret (English: Cape Ferret) is a headland, situated at the south end of the commune of Lège-Cap-Ferret in the French department of Gironde and region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.
Capbreton (Cap Berton in Occitan) is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Castelnaud-la-Chapelle is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Castets-en-Dorthe is a former commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Castillon-la-Bataille is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Cazaux is a commune of the Ariège department in southwestern France.
Cémoi is a French chocolate manufacturer founded by Jules Pares in 1814 in Arles-sur-Tech, France.
Cenon is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Centre-Val de Loire ("Centre-Loire Valley") is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.
Cestas is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Chabichou (also known as Chabichou du Poitou) is a traditional soft, unpasteurized, natural-rind French goat cheese (or Fromage de Chèvre) with a firm and creamy texture.
Chalosse is a wine-growing area in Gascony, in south-west France.
Charente (Saintongeais: Chérente, Occitan: Charanta) is a department in southwestern France, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, named after the Charente River, the most important river in the department, and also the river beside which the department's two largest towns, Angoulême and Cognac, are sited.
The Charente (Charanta) is a long river in southwestern France.
Charente-Maritime is a department on the southwestern coast of France named after the Charente River.
Charron is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.
Châtelaillon-Plage is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
Châtellerault is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in France.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Ciboure (meaning 'end of bridge') is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
The Clain is a 144 km long river in western France, left tributary of the river Vienne.
Cognac is a variety of brandy named after the town of Cognac, France.
Cognac is a commune in the Charente department in southwestern France.
The Col du Pourtalet, El Portalet or Portalet d'Aneu is a mountain pass and border crossing in the Pyrenees, between France and Spain.
Col du Soulor (elevation) is a mountain pass in the Pyrenees in France, linking Argelès-Gazost with Arthez-d'Asson.
Collonges-la-Rouge is a commune in the Corrèze department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of France.
Compagnie des Alpes is a French company created in 1989 to operate many ski resorts in Europe.
In France, the Council of State (Conseil d'État) is a body of the French national government that acts both as legal adviser of the executive branch and as the supreme court for administrative justice.
Corrèze (Corresa) is a department in south-western France, named after the river Corrèze which runs though it.
The Corrèze (Corresa) is a 95 km long river in south-western France, left tributary of the river Vézère.
The County of Marche (la Marcha) was a medieval French county, approximately corresponding to the modern département of Creuse.
Creuse is a department in central France named after the river Creuse.
Cyclone Klaus was a European windstorm or cyclone which made landfall over large parts of central and southern France, Spain and parts of Italy in January 2009.
Cyclone Xynthia was an extraordinarily violent European windstorm which crossed Western Europe between 27 February and 1 March 2010.
Lothar and Martin were violent European windstorms which swept across western and central Europe during a period of 36 hours in December 1999.
Dassault Aviation SA is an international French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional, and business jets, a subsidiary of Dassault Group.
Dax (Dacs in Occitan) is a commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.
Deux-Sèvres is a French department.
Digital economy refers to an economy that is based on digital computing technologies.
Dordogne (Dordonha) is a department in southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux.
The Dordogne (Dordonha, La Dordogne) is a river in south-central and southwest France.
In the Western tradition of surnames, there are several types of double surname (also double-barrelled surname).
The Dronne is a long river in southwestern France, right tributary of the Isle.
The Duchy of Aquitaine (Ducat d'Aquitània,, Duché d'Aquitaine) was a historical fiefdom in western, central and southern areas of present-day France to the south of the Loire River, although its extent, as well as its name, fluctuated greatly over the centuries, at times comprising much of what is now southwestern France (Gascony) and central France.
The Dune of Pilat (French: Dune du Pilat, official name), also called Grande Dune du Pilat) is the tallest sand dune in Europe. It is located in La Teste-de-Buch in the Arcachon Bay area, France, 60 km from Bordeaux.
Eaux-Bonnes ("good waters"; Aigas Bonas) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (Aliénor d'Aquitaine, Éléonore,; 1124 – 1 April 1204) was queen consort of France (1137–1152) and England (1154–1189) and duchess of Aquitaine in her own right (1137–1204).
The Espelette pepper (French: Piment d'Espelette; Basque: Ezpeletako biperra) is a variety of Capsicum annuum that is cultivated in the French commune of Espelette, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, traditionally the northern territory of the Basque people.
Eugénie-les-Bains is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.
The Floc de Gascogne is a regional apéritif from the Côtes de Gascogne and Armagnac regions of Sud-Ouest wine region of France.
Floirac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The Forest of la Coubre (forêt de la Coubre) is a large forest in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, near the city of Royan.
Fouras is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.
The French Basque Country, or Northern Basque Country (Iparralde (i.e. 'the Northern Region'), Pays basque français, País Vasco francés) is a region lying on the west of the French department of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Regional elections were held in France on 6 and 13 December 2015.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Futuroscope, or Parc du Futuroscope is a French theme park based upon multimedia, cinematographic futuroscope and audio-visual techniques.
Agen is a railway station in Agen, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.
Angoulême is a railway station located in Angoulême, Charente, south-western France.
Bordeaux-Saint-Jean or Bordeaux-Midi is the main railway station in the French city of Bordeaux.
Limoges-Bénédictins is the main railway station of Limoges.
The gare de Pau is a railway station in Pau, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.
The Gare de Poitiers is a major railway station in the French city of Poitiers, in the department of Vienne and region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.
Futuroscope is a TGV railway station located near Poitiers, France.
The Gare Montparnasse (Montparnasse Station), officially Paris-Montparnasse, is one of the six large Paris railway termini, in the 14th and 15th arrondissements of Paris.
The Garonne (Garonne,; in Occitan, Catalan, and Spanish: Garona; Garumna or Garunna) is a river in southwest France and northern Spain, with a length of.
The Gartempe is a French river, 205 kilometres long.
Gascon is a dialect of Occitan.
Gascony (Gascogne; Gascon: Gasconha; Gaskoinia) is an area of southwest France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution.
The French word gave is a generic name referring to torrential rivers, in the west side of the Pyrenees.
The Gave d'Ossau is the torrential river flowing through the Ossau Valley, one of the three main valleys of the High-Béarn (Pyrénées-Atlantiques), in the Southwest of France.
The Gave de Pau is a river of south-western France.
The Gaves réunis is a 9.4 km river in southwestern France connecting Peyrehorade to the Adour at Bec du Gave.
The Gers is a department in the Occitanie region in the southwest of France named after the Gers River.
Gironde (in Occitan Gironda) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France.
The Gironde is a navigable estuary (often falsely referred to as a river), in southwest France and is formed from the meeting of the rivers Dordogne and Garonne just downstream of the centre of Bordeaux.
Gorre is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France.
Gourette is a winter sports resort in the French Pyrenees.
Gradignan is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.
The Grandes Écoles (literally in French "Great Schools") of France are higher education establishments that are outside the main framework of the French public university system.
Guéret (Occitan: Garait) is a commune and the prefecture of the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France.
Guyenne or Guienne (Guiana) was an old French province which corresponded roughly to the Roman province of Aquitania Secunda and the archdiocese of Bordeaux.
Haute-Vienne is a French department named after the river Vienne.
Hendaye (Basque: Hendaia) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Hiers-Brouage is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
The history of Limousin (Lemosin), one of the traditional provinces of France, reaches back to Celtic and Roman times.
Hourtin is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE, is the national statistics bureau of France.
The Irati Forest covers of the Navarre (greater region), astride on the Soule (Larrau) and Basse-Navarre (Mendive and Lecumberry) provinces (France) and Navarre (Spain), framed by Mount Okabe (1,466 m) and le pic d'Orhy (2,017 m).
Irouléguy is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Irun (Irún, Irun) is a town of the Bidasoaldea region in the province of Gipuzkoa in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.
The Isle (Eila) is a long river in south-western France, right tributary of the Dordogne.
Izarra is a sweet liqueur made in Bayonne in the French Basque Country.
Jarnac is a commune in the Charente department in southwestern France.
Jonzac is a commune of the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
Jurançon is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
L'Express is a French weekly news magazine headquartered in Paris.
La Nouvelle République du Centre-Ouest is a French newspaper headquartered in Tours.
La Pallice (also known as grand port maritime de La Rochelle) is the commercial deep-water port of La Rochelle, France.
La Palmyre Zoo (French: Zoo de La Palmyre) is a zoo in Les Mathes, Charente-Maritime, near Royan, in southwestern France.
La Réole is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
La Roche-Posay is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.
La Rochelle is a city in western France and a seaport on the Bay of Biscay, a part of the Atlantic Ocean.
La Rochelle – Île de Ré Airport is an airport located 2.5 km northwest of La Rochelle, a commune of the département of Charente-Maritime in France.
La Souterraine (La Sotarrana) is a commune in the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France.
Labeyrie is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Labourd (Lapurdi in Basque; Lapurdum in Latin; Labord in Gascon) is a former French province and part of the present-day Pyrénées Atlantiques département.
Lac d'Hourtin-Carcans is a lake in the Médoc region of France, located in the département of Gironde.
Lac de Biscarrosse et de Parentis is a lake in Landes, France.
Lacanau is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The Landes (Gascon: Lanas) is a department in southwestern France.
Landes de Gascogne Regional Natural Park (French: Parc naturel régional des Landes de Gascogne) is a protected area of pine forest, wetland and oceanic coastline located in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
The Landes forest (La forêt des Landes in French) or the Landes of Gascony (las Lanas de Gasconha in the Gascon language), in the historic Gascony natural region of southwestern France now known as Aquitaine, is the largest maritime-pine forest in Europe.
Langon (Lengon) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The langues d'oïl (French) or oïl languages (also in langues d'oui) are a dialect continuum that includes standard French and its closest autochthonous relatives historically spoken in the northern half of France, southern Belgium, and the Channel Islands.
Larrun (modern French: La Rhune, IPA:, - 'good pasture', possibly a folk etymology, in French until the 20th century: Larhune) is a mountain (905 m) at the western end of the Pyrenees.
Lascaux (Grotte de Lascaux, "Lascaux Cave") is the setting of a complex of caves near the village of Montignac, in the department of Dordogne in southwestern France.
Lège-Cap-Ferret is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Le Figaro is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris.
Le Monde (The World) is a French daily afternoon newspaper founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
Le Moniteur des travaux publics et du bâtiment (Monitor of public works and buildings) is a French weekly magazine covering construction systems and architecture.
Lescar (Lescar) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
The LGV Sud Europe Atlantique (LGV SEA), also known as the LGV Sud-Ouest or LGV L'Océane, is a high-speed railway line between Tours and Bordeaux, in France.
Libourne (Gascon: Liborna) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative capital of the former Limousin region in west-central France.
Limoges – Bellegarde Airport (Aéroport de Limoges – Bellegarde) is an airport located west-northwest of Limoges, a commune of the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of France.
Limousin (Lemosin) is a former administrative region of France.
Limousin cattle are a breed of highly muscled beef cattle originating from the Limousin and Marche regions of France.
Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Sprüngli AG, more commonly known as Lindt, is a Swiss chocolatier and confectionery company founded in 1845 and known for its chocolate truffles and chocolate bars, among other sweets.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
The Lot,, originally the Olt (Òlt; Oltis), is a river in France.
Lot-et-Garonne (Òlt e Garona) is a department in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers.
Lower Navarre (Nafarroa Beherea/Baxenabarre, Gascon/Bearnese: Navarra Baisha, Basse-Navarre, Baja Navarra) is a traditional region of the present-day French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Lubersac is a commune in the Corrèze département in central France near Arnac-Pompadour and Uzerche.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
The Marais Poitevin (Poitevin Marsh) is a large area of marshland in western France, a remnant of the former Gulf of Poitou (the name meaning "Poitou's Marsh", "Marsh of Poitou region").
Marennes is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
Marmande (in Occitan, Marmanda) is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne département in south-western France.
Martignas-sur-Jalle is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Martillac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Maryland Automobile Insurance Fund (MAIF) was created in 1972 by the Maryland General Assembly as a residual market mechanism with the goal of providing automobile insurance to individuals who may not have qualified for automobile insurance in the private market.
The Massif Central (Massís Central) is a highland region in the middle of southern France, consisting of mountains and plateaus.
Mauléon-Licharre or simply Mauléon is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.
The Médoc (Gascon: Medòc) is a region of France, well known as a wine growing region, located in the département of Gironde, on the left bank of the Gironde estuary, north of Bordeaux.
Mérignac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Midi-Pyrénées (Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus or Mieidia-Pirenèus; Mediodía-Pirineos) is a former administrative region of France.
Mimizan is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in south-western France.
Mirebeau is a commune in the Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.
Monségur is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Mont-de-Marsan (Gascon: Lo Mont de Marçan) is a commune and capital of the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Montmorillon is a commune in the Vienne department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, in central-western France.
A mutual fund is a professionally managed investment fund that pools money from many investors to purchase securities.
Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
Navarre (Navarra, Nafarroa; Navarra), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre (Spanish: Comunidad Foral de Navarra; Basque: Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea), is an autonomous community and province in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France.
Navarrenx is a commune in the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Béarn) and the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine.
Nérac (Nerac) is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France.
The Neotropical silversides are a family, Atherinopsidae, of fishes in the order Atheriniformes.
Niort is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France.
Nontron (Nontronh) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
O'Neill is originally a Californian surf wear and surfboard brand started in 1952 by Jack O'Neill.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
Occitania (Occitània,,,, or) is the historical region and a nation, in southern Europe where Occitan was historically the main language spoken, and where it is sometimes still used, for the most part as a second language.
Occitanie (Occitània,, Occitània) is an administrative region of France that was created on 1 January 2016 from former French regions Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Île d'Oléron is an island off the Atlantic coast of France (due west of Rochefort), on the southern side of the Pertuis d'Antioche strait.
Oloron-Sainte-Marie (in Béarnese, Auloron e Senta-Maria, also spelt Aulouroû Sente-Marie) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the region of Béarn in south-western France.
Oradour-sur-Glane (Orador de Glana) is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France, and the name of main village within the commune.
Orthez (Gascon Ortès) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
The Ossau Valley (French: Vallée d'Ossau; Gascon: Aussau / la vath d'Aussau) is a valley of the French Pyrénées, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département.
The Parc naturel régional Périgord Limousin (or Regional Natural Park Périgord Limousin) was created March 9, 1998.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris Basin is one of the major geological regions of France having developed since the Triassic on a basement formed by the Variscan orogeny.
The Parthenaise is a French cattle breed.
Patxaran (Basque from paitar, pattar "liquor" and aran "sloe" (in certain Basque dialects) Pacharán) is a sloe-flavoured liqueur commonly drunk in Navarre and the Basque Country, the Pyrenees and in Spain.
Pau Pyrénées Airport (Aéroport Pau Pyrénées) is an airport serving Pau, France.
Pau is a commune on the northern edge of the Pyrenees, and capital of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques Département in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.
Pauillac (Paulhac) is a municipality in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Pays de la Loire (Broioù al Liger, meaning Loire Country) is one of the 18 regions of France.
The Périgord (Occitan: Peiregòrd / Perigòrd) is a natural region and former province of France, which corresponds roughly to the current Dordogne département, now forming the northern part of the Aquitaine région.
Périgueux (Peireguers or Periguers) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Périgueux - Bassillac Airport (Aéroport de Bassillac - Périgueux) is an airport in the village of Bassillac in the Dordogne department, Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, France.
Perpignan (Perpinyà) is a city, a commune, and the capital of the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.
Pessac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Pic d'Anie (Basque Auñamendi) is a mountain of the Pyrenees in France, located close to the Spanish border.
Mount Orhy (French), also Ori or Orhi in Spanish and Basque, is a mountain at the border of Navarre and Soule, in the Pyrenees, and is high.
The Pic de Ger is a French Pyrenean summit, culminating at, located in the Ossau Valley in the Béarn province.
The Pic du Midi d'Ossau (2,884 m) is a mountain rising above the Ossau Valley in the French Pyrenees.
Pineau des Charentes, (Pineau Charentais, or simply Pineau) is a regional French aperitif, made in the départements of Charente, Charente-Maritime and, to a much lesser extent, Dordogne in western France.
The American monument marking the country's entry into World War 1 as it was proposed in 1921 The Pointe de Grave (in occitan: Punta de Grava) is the northernmost tip of the Médoc Peninsula and marks the Northern end of the pine-clad sandy Landes coastline of Western France.
Poitevin (Poetevin) is a language spoken in Poitou, France.
Poitevin-Saintongeais (Poetevin-séntunjhaes; also called Parlanjhe, Aguiain or even Aguiainais in French) is the language spoken in the Centre West of France officially recognised by the French Ministry of Culture as a whole with two dialects, Poitevin and Saintongeais.
Poitiers is a city on the Clain river in west-central France.
Poitiers–Biard Airport (Aéroport de Poitiers – Biard) is an airport located at Biard, west of Poitiers, in the Vienne department of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in France.
Poitou, in Poitevin: Poetou, was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers.
Poitou-Charentes is a former administrative region in south-western France.
Popcorn, popcorns, or pop-corn, is a variety of corn kernel, which expands and puffs up when heated.
Port-des-Barques is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur; Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra; PACA) is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.
A prune is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum.
The Pyrénées National Park (Parc national des PyrénéesLe Parc national des Pyrénées (2014). Le Parc national des Pyrénées, un établissement public. Retrieved on 2014-04-19 from.) is a National Park of France located within the French departments of Hautes-Pyrénées and Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Pirinio Atlantiarrak or Pirinio Atlantikoak) is a department in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, in southwestern France.
The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France.
Queyssac-les-Vignes (Caissac) is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France.
Quiksilver, Inc. is an American-Australian retail sporting company, founded in Torquay, Australia, but now based in Huntington Beach, California.
France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.
Rip Curl is a major Australian designer, manufacturer, and retailer of surfing sportswear (also known as boardwear) and accompanying products, and a major athletic sponsor.
Rocamadour is a French cheese from the southwest part of the country.
Rochefort is a commune in southwestern France, a port on the Charente estuary.
Roquefort is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France.
Royan (in Saintongeais dialect) is a commune in the south-west of France, located in the department of Charente-Maritime (Nouvelle-Aquitaine region).
Saint-Émilion (Gascon: Sent Milion) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in south-western France.
Saint-Denis-d'Oléron is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
Saint-Genis-de-Saintonge is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
Saint-Jean-de-Luz (Basque: Donibane Lohizune, Spanish: San Juan de Luz) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port (literally "Saint John Foot of Pass"; Donibane Garazi; San Juan Pie de Puerto) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France close to Ostabat in the Pyrenean foothills.
Saint-Loubès is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Saint-Médard-en-Jalles is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Saint-Paul-lès-Dax is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
Sainte-Foy-la-Grande is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Saintes is a commune and historic town in southwestern France, in the Charente-Maritime department of which it is a sub-prefecture, in Nouvelle-Aquitaine.
Saintonge, historically spelled Xaintonge and Xainctonge, is a former province of France located on the west central Atlantic coast.
Saintongeais (saintonjhais) is a dialect of Poitevin spoken halfway down the western coast of France in the former provinces of Saintonge, Aunis and Angoumois, all of which have been incorporated into the current departments of Charente and Charente-Maritime as well as in parts of their neighbouring departments of Gironde and a town in Dordogne.
Salies-de-Béarn (Salias) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.
San Sebastián or Donostia is a coastal city and municipality located in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.
Sarlat-la-Canéda (Sarlat e La Canedat), or simply Sarlat, is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Saujon is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
The Sèvre Niortaise is a long river in western France, flowing into the Atlantic Ocean.
Scientific method is an empirical method of knowledge acquisition, which has characterized the development of natural science since at least the 17th century, involving careful observation, which includes rigorous skepticism about what one observes, given that cognitive assumptions about how the world works influence how one interprets a percept; formulating hypotheses, via induction, based on such observations; experimental testing and measurement of deductions drawn from the hypotheses; and refinement (or elimination) of the hypotheses based on the experimental findings.
The Seudre is a river in the Charente-Maritime département, southwestern France, flowing into the Atlantic Ocean.
The Seuil du Poitou is a geological denomination for an area in western central France where the Paris (Northeast) and Aquitaine (Southwest) sedimentary basins meet, and which also is a gap between the ancient mountain ranges Massif Armoricain (Northwest) and the Massif Central (Southeast).
Silicon Valley (abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California, referring to the Santa Clara Valley, which serves as the global center for high technology, venture capital, innovation, and social media.
The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.
Soorts-Hossegor (Sòrts e Òssagòr in Occitan) is a commune in the Landes department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France, 20 km (12 miles) north of Biarritz and Biarritz.
Soulac-sur-Mer is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Southern France or the South of France, colloquially known as le Midi, is a defined geographical area consisting of the regions of France that border the Atlantic Ocean south of the Marais Poitevin, Spain, the Mediterranean, and Italy.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Sud Ouest is a daily French newspaper, the third largest regional daily in France in terms of circulation.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
Surgères is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
Tarbes (Tarba) is a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region of southwestern France.
TER Aquitaine was the regional rail network serving the Aquitaine région, France.
TER Limousin was the regional rail network serving Limousin région, France.
TER Poitou-Charentes was the regional rail network serving the Poitou-Charentes région in France.
The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
Transport express régional (usually shortened to TER) is the brand name used by the SNCF, the French national railway company, to denote rail service run by the regional councils of France, specifically their organised transport authorities.
Tulle is a commune in central France.
The University of Bordeaux (French: Université de Bordeaux) was founded in 1441 in France.
The University of La Rochelle (Université de La Rochelle) is a French university, based in La Rochelle.
The University of Limoges (Université de Limoges) is a French public research university, based in Limoges.
The University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (L'Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour or UPPA) was founded in 1972.
The University of Poitiers (Université de Poitiers) is a university in Poitiers, France.
Ussel is a commune in the Lot department in south-western France.
The Vézère (Vesera) is a 211-km-long river in southwestern France.
Vendays-Montalivet is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The Vendée is a department in the Pays-de-la-Loire region in west-central France, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Verneuil-sur-Vienne is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France.
Vienne is a department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.
Villeneuve-sur-Lot (in the Languedocien dialect of Occitan language: Vilanuèva d'Òlt) is a town and commune in the southwestern French department of Lot-et-Garonne.
Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production, and study of grapes.
Vitoria-Gasteiz is the seat of government and the capital city of the Basque Autonomous Community and of the province of Araba/Álava in northern Spain.
A working title, sometimes called a production title, is the temporary title of a product or project used during its development, usually used in filmmaking, television production, novel, video game development, or music album.