40 relations: Archaea, Cell nucleus, Chromatin, Cyclin-dependent kinase, Cytosol, DNA repair, Electron microscope, Endoplasmic reticulum, ESCRT, Eukaryote, Evolution, Fluorescence microscope, G2 phase, Genomics, Georgia State University, Inner nuclear membrane protein, Intermediate filament, Interphase, KASH domains, Laminopathy, LINC complex, Lipid bilayer, Microfilament, Mitochondrion, Mitosis, Nesprin, Nuclear lamina, Nuclear pore, Nucleoplasm, Nucleoporin, Peptide, Plectin, Polar membrane, Prometaphase, Protein complex, Reactive oxygen species, Spindle apparatus, Telophase, Vesicle (biology and chemistry), Yeast.
Archaea (or or) constitute a domain of single-celled microorganisms.
In cell biology, the nucleus (pl. nuclei; from Latin nucleus or nuculeus, meaning kernel or seed) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells.
Chromatin is a complex of macromolecules found in cells, consisting of DNA, protein, and RNA.
Gap phase 2. The duration of mitosis in relation to the other phases has been exaggerated in this diagram Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are a family of sugar kinases first discovered for their role in regulating the cell cycle.
The cytosol, also known as intracellular fluid (ICF) or cytoplasmic matrix, is the liquid found inside cells.
DNA repair is a collection of processes by which a cell identifies and corrects damage to the DNA molecules that encode its genome.
An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination.
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a type of organelle found in eukaryotic cells that forms an interconnected network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs or tube-like structures known as cisternae.
The endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) machinery is made up of cytosolic protein complexes, known as ESCRT-0, ESCRT-I, ESCRT-II, and ESCRT-III.
Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
A fluorescence microscope is an optical microscope that uses fluorescence and phosphorescence instead of, or in addition to, reflection and absorption to study properties of organic or inorganic substances.
G2 phase, or Gap 2 phase, is the second subphase of Interphase in the cell cycle directly preceding mitosis.
Genomics is an interdisciplinary field of science focusing on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of genomes.
Georgia State University (commonly referred to as Georgia State, State, or GSU) is a public research university in downtown Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
Inner nuclear membrane (INM) proteins are proteins that are embedded in or associated with the inner membrane of the nuclear envelope (NE).
Intermediate filaments (IFs) are cytoskeletal components found in the cells of vertebrate animal species, and perhaps also in other animals, fungi, plants, and unicellular organisms.
Interphase is the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical cell spends most of its life.
KASH domains are conserved C-terminal protein regions less than ~30 amino acids.
Laminopathies (lamino- + -opathy) are a group of rare genetic disorders caused by mutations in genes encoding proteins of the nuclear lamina.
The LINC complex (Linker of Nucleoskeleton and Cytoskeleton) is a protein complex associated with both inner and outer membranes of the nucleus.
The lipid bilayer (or phospholipid bilayer) is a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.
Microfilaments, also called actin filaments, are filaments in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells that form part of the cytoskeleton.
The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.
In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.
Nesprins (nuclear envelope spectrin repeat proteins) are a family of proteins that are found primarily in the outer nuclear membrane, as well as other subcellular compartments.
The nuclear lamina is a dense (~30 to 100 nm thick) fibrillar network inside the nucleus of most cells.
Nuclear pore complexes are large protein complexes that span the nuclear envelope, which is the double membrane surrounding the eukaryotic cell nucleus.
Similar to the cytoplasm of a cell, the nucleus contains nucleoplasm, karyoplasm, or nucleus sap.
Nucleoporins are a family of proteins which are the constituent building blocks of the nuclear pore complex (NPC).
Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.
Plectin is a giant protein found in nearly all mammalian cells which acts as a link between the three main components of the cytoskeleton: actin microfilaments, microtubules and intermediate filaments.
A polar membrane is a lipid membrane that expresses polarity.
Prometaphase is the phase of mitosis following prophase and preceding metaphase, in eukaryotic somatic cells.
A protein complex or multiprotein complex is a group of two or more associated polypeptide chains.
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen.
In cell biology, the spindle apparatus (or mitotic spindle) refers to the cytoskeletal structure of eukaryotic cells that forms during cell division to separate sister chromatids between daughter cells.
Telophase (from the Greek τέλος (télos), "end" and φάσις (phásis), "stage") is the final stage in both meiosis and mitosis in a eukaryotic cell.
In cell biology, a vesicle is a small structure within a cell, or extracellular, consisting of fluid enclosed by a lipid bilayer.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.