131 relations: Abacus, Absolute value, Andes, Angle, Arabic numerals, Armenian numerals, Attic numerals, Augustin-Louis Cauchy, Babylonian numerals, Baghdad, Balanced ternary, Balinese numerals, Bengali language, Bengali numerals, Binary number, Bit, Burmese numerals, Burmese script, Cairo, Casting out nines, China, Chinese language, Chinese numerals, Comma, Computer architecture, Computer science, Conquistador, Counting rods, Decimal, Decimal representation, Decimal separator, Devanagari, Dictionary.com, Digital root, Digital signal processing, Dzongkha numerals, Eastern Arabic numerals, Equation, Europe, Fibonacci, Florian Cajori, Full stop, Glyph, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Greek numerals, Gujarati language, Gurmukhi numerals, Gurmukhi script, Hartley (unit), Hebrew numerals, ..., Hexadecimal, Hindu–Arabic numeral system, History of large numbers, Hokkien numerals, I Ching, India, Indian mathematics, Indian numerals, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Japan, Japanese numerals, Javanese numerals, Kannada, Khmer language, Khmer numerals, Korean numerals, Lao alphabet, Lao language, Large numbers, Latin, Liber Abaci, Limbu people, List of numeral system topics, Lychrel number, Malayalam, Mathematics, Mathematics in medieval Islam, Maya numerals, Maya peoples, Mixed radix, Modular arithmetic, Mongolian numerals, Mongolian writing systems, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, Nat (unit), Nibble, Number, Numeral system, Numerical digit, Octal, Odia alphabet, Oksapmin language, Olmecs, Persian language, Positional notation, Prime number, Qubit, Quipu, Qutrit, Radix, Recreational mathematics, Repdigit, Rod calculus, Roman numerals, Setun, Sexagesimal, Sign-value notation, Signed-digit representation, Significant figures, Sinhala numerals, Spain, Sumer, Suzhou numerals, Tally marks, Tamil language, Tamil numerals, Telugu language, Ternary numeral system, Text figures, Thai numerals, Thailand, Tibetan alphabet, Time, Urdu, Venus, Vietnamese numerals, Vigesimal, 0, 1, 10, 196 (number). Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
The abacus (plural abaci or abacuses), also called a counting frame, is a calculating tool that was in use in Europe, China and Russia, centuries before the adoption of the written Hindu–Arabic numeral system.
In mathematics, the absolute value or modulus of a real number is the non-negative value of without regard to its sign.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
In plane geometry, an angle is the figure formed by two rays, called the sides of the angle, sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex of the angle.
Arabic numerals, also called Hindu–Arabic numerals, are the ten digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, based on the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world today.
The system of Armenian numerals is a historic numeral system created using the majuscules (uppercase letters) of the Armenian alphabet.
Attic numerals were used by the ancient Greeks, possibly from the 7th century BC.
Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy FRS FRSE (21 August 178923 May 1857) was a French mathematician, engineer and physicist who made pioneering contributions to several branches of mathematics, including: mathematical analysis and continuum mechanics.
Babylonian numerals were written in cuneiform, using a wedge-tipped reed stylus to make a mark on a soft clay tablet which would be exposed in the sun to harden to create a permanent record.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Balanced ternary is a non-standard positional numeral system (a balanced form), used in some early computers and useful in the solution of balance puzzles.
The Balinese language has an elaborate decimal numeral system.
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.
Bengali–Assamese numerals (সংখ্যা shôngkha, সংখ্যা xoiŋkha) are the numeral system used in Bengali, Sylheti, Assamese, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Chakma, Hajong and Meithei languages.
In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the base-2 numeral system or binary numeral system, which uses only two symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
Burmese numerals (မြန်မာဂဏန်း) are a set of numerals traditionally used in the Burmese language, although Arabic numerals are also used.
The Burmese script is the basis of the alphabets used for modern Burmese, Mon, Shan and Karen.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
The expression "casting out nines" may refer to any one of three arithmetical procedures.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Chinese numerals are words and characters used to denote numbers in Chinese.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The comma is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages.
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.
Counting rods are small bars, typically 3–14 cm long, that were used by mathematicians for calculation in ancient East Asia.
The decimal numeral system (also called base-ten positional numeral system, and occasionally called denary) is the standard system for denoting integer and non-integer numbers.
A decimal representation of a non-negative real number r is an expression in the form of a series, traditionally written as a sum where a0 is a nonnegative integer, and a1, a2,...
A decimal separator is a symbol used to separate the integer part from the fractional part of a number written in decimal form.
Devanagari (देवनागरी,, a compound of "''deva''" देव and "''nāgarī''" नागरी; Hindi pronunciation), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी),Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group,, page 83 is an abugida (alphasyllabary) used in India and Nepal.
Dictionary.com is an online dictionary whose domain was first registered on May 14, 1995.
The digital root (also repeated digital sum) of a non-negative integer is the (single digit) value obtained by an iterative process of summing digits, on each iteration using the result from the previous iteration to compute a digit sum.
Digital signal processing (DSP) is the use of digital processing, such as by computers or more specialized digital signal processors, to perform a wide variety of signal processing operations.
Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan, has two numeral systems, one vigesimal (base 20), and a modern decimal system.
The Eastern Arabic numerals (also called Arabic–Hindu numerals, Arabic Eastern numerals and Indo–Persian numerals) are the symbols used to represent the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, in conjunction with the Arabic alphabet in the countries of the Mashriq (the east of the Arab world), the Arabian Peninsula, and its variant in other countries that use the Perso-Arabic script in the Iranian plateau and Asia.
In mathematics, an equation is a statement of an equality containing one or more variables.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Fibonacci (c. 1175 – c. 1250) was an Italian mathematician from the Republic of Pisa, considered to be "the most talented Western mathematician of the Middle Ages".
Florian Cajori (February 28, 1859 – August 14 or 15, 1930) was a Swiss-American historian of mathematics.
The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.
In typography, a glyph is an elemental symbol within an agreed set of symbols, intended to represent a readable character for the purposes of writing.
Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (or; Leibnitz; – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.
Greek numerals, also known as Ionic, Ionian, Milesian, or Alexandrian numerals, are a system of writing numbers using the letters of the Greek alphabet.
Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.
Gurumukhi numerals are the numeral system used in the Gurmukhi script for the Punjabi language in India.
Gurmukhi (Gurmukhi (the literal meaning being "from the Guru's mouth"): ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ) is a Sikh script modified, standardized and used by the second Sikh Guru, Guru Angad (1563–1606).
The hartley (symbol Hart), also called a ban, or a dit (short for decimal digit), is a logarithmic unit which measures information or entropy, based on base 10 logarithms and powers of 10, rather than the powers of 2 and base 2 logarithms which define the bit, or shannon.
The system of Hebrew numerals is a quasi-decimal alphabetic numeral system using the letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
In mathematics and computing, hexadecimal (also base, or hex) is a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16.
The Hindu–Arabic numeral systemDavid Eugene Smith and Louis Charles Karpinski,, 1911 (also called the Arabic numeral system or Hindu numeral system) is a positional decimal numeral system that is the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world.
Different cultures used different traditional numeral systems for naming large numbers.
The Hokkien language has two regularly used sets of numerals, a colloquial or native Hokkien system and literary system.
The I Ching,.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian mathematics emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BC until the end of the 18th century.
Indian numerals are the symbols representing numbers in India.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The system of Japanese numerals is the system of number names used in the Japanese language.
The Javanese language has a decimal numeral system with distinct words for the 'tweens' from 21 to 29, called likuran.
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.
Khmer or Cambodian (natively ភាសាខ្មែរ phiəsaa khmae, or more formally ខេមរភាសា kheemaʾraʾ phiəsaa) is the language of the Khmer people and the official language of Cambodia.
Khmer numerals are the numerals used in the Khmer language.
The Korean language has two regularly used sets of numerals, a native Korean system and Sino-Korean system.
Lao script or Akson Lao (Lao: ອັກສອນລາວ) is the primary script used to write the Lao language and other minority languages in Laos.
Lao, sometimes referred to as Laotian (ລາວ 'Lao' or ພາສາລາວ 'Lao language') is a tonal language of the Kra–Dai language family.
Large numbers are numbers that are significantly larger than those ordinarily used in everyday life, for instance in simple counting or in monetary transactions.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Liber Abaci (1202, also spelled as Liber Abbaci) is a historic book on arithmetic by Leonardo of Pisa, known later by his nickname Fibonacci.
The Limbu (ᤕᤠᤰᤌᤢᤱ) (exonym) or Yakthung (endonym) are Kirati people indigenous and native to their homeland himalayas, hills, mountainous and plains regions of Limbuwan.
This is a list of Wikipedia articles on topics of numeral system and "numeric representations" See also: computer numbering formats and number names.
A Lychrel number is a natural number that cannot form a palindrome through the iterative process of repeatedly reversing its digits and adding the resulting numbers.
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken across the Indian state of Kerala by the Malayali people and it is one of 22 scheduled languages of India.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics (Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics (Aryabhata, Brahmagupta).
The Mayan numeral system was the system to represent numbers and calendar dates in the Maya civilization.
The Maya peoples are a large group of Indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica.
Mixed radix numeral systems are non-standard positional numeral systems in which the numerical base varies from position to position.
In mathematics, modular arithmetic is a system of arithmetic for integers, where numbers "wrap around" upon reaching a certain value—the modulus (plural moduli).
Mongolian numerals are numerals developed from Tibetan numerals and used in conjunction with the Mongolian and Clear script.
Many alphabets have been devised for the Mongolian language over the centuries, and from a variety of scripts.
There is some confusion in the literature on whether al-Khwārizmī's full name is ابو عبد الله محمد بن موسى الخوارزمي or ابو جعفر محمد بن موسی الخوارزمی.
The natural unit of information (symbol: nat), sometimes also nit or nepit, is a unit of information or entropy, based on natural logarithms and powers of ''e'', rather than the powers of 2 and base 2 logarithms, which define the bit.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
In computing, a nibble (occasionally nybble or nyble to match the spelling of byte) is a four-bit aggregation, or half an octet.
A number is a mathematical object used to count, measure and also label.
A numeral system (or system of numeration) is a writing system for expressing numbers; that is, a mathematical notation for representing numbers of a given set, using digits or other symbols in a consistent manner.
A numerical digit is a single symbol (such as "2" or "5") used alone, or in combinations (such as "25"), to represent numbers (such as the number 25) according to some positional numeral systems.
The octal numeral system, or oct for short, is the base-8 number system, and uses the digits 0 to 7.
The Odia script (ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଲେଖନୀ ଶୈଳୀ), also known as the Odia script, is a Brahmic script used to write the Odia language.
Oksapmin is a Trans–New Guinea language spoken in Telefomin District, Sandaun, Papua New Guinea.
The Olmecs were the earliest known major civilization in Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Positional notation or place-value notation is a method of representing or encoding numbers.
A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number greater than 1 that cannot be formed by multiplying two smaller natural numbers.
In quantum computing, a qubit or quantum bit (sometimes qbit) is a unit of quantum information—the quantum analogue of the classical binary bit.
Quipu (also spelled khipu) or talking knots, were recording devices fashioned from strings historically used by a number of cultures, particularly in the region of Andean South America.
A qutrit is a unit of quantum information that exists as a superposition of three orthogonal quantum states.
In mathematical numeral systems, the radix or base is the number of unique digits, including zero, used to represent numbers in a positional numeral system.
Recreational mathematics is mathematics carried out for recreation (entertainment) rather than as a strictly research and application-based professional activity.
In recreational mathematics, a repdigit or sometimes monodigit is a natural number composed of repeated instances of the same digit in a positional number system (often implicitly decimal).
Rod calculus or rod calculation is the mechanical method of algorithmic computation with counting rods in China from the Warring States to Ming dynasty before the counting rods were replaced by the more convenient and faster abacus.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
Setun (Сетунь) was a computer developed in 1958 at Moscow State University.
Sexagesimal (base 60) is a numeral system with sixty as its base.
A sign-value notation represents numbers by a series of numeric signs that added together equal the number represented.
In mathematical notation for numbers, signed-digit representation is a positional system with signed digits; the representation may not be unique.
The significant figures (also known as the significant digits) of a number are digits that carry meaning contributing to its measurement resolution.
Sinhalese belongs to the Indo-European language family with its roots deeply associated with Indo-Aryan sub family to which the languages such as Persian and Hindi belong.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
SumerThe name is from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian en-ĝir15, approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land".
The Suzhou numerals, also known as Suzhou mazi (蘇州碼子), is a numeral system used in China before the introduction of Arabic numerals.
Tally marks, also called hash marks, are a unary numeral system.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tamil numerals (தமிழ் எண்கள், இலக்கங்கள்), refers to the numeral system of the Tamil language used officially in Tamil Nadu and Singapore, as well as by the other Tamil-speaking populations around the world including Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Réunion, and South Africa, and other emigrant communities around the world.
Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India.
The ternary numeral system (also called base 3) has three as its base.
Text figures (also known as non-lining, lowercase, old style, ranging, hanging, medieval, billing, or antique figures or numerals) are numerals typeset with varying heights in a fashion that resembles a typical line of running text, hence the name.
Thai numerals (เลขไทย, IPA) are a set of numerals traditionally used in Thailand, although the Arabic numerals are more common due to pervasive westernization of Thailand in the modern Rattanakosin Era.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Tibetan alphabet is an abugida used to write the Tibetic languages such as Tibetan, as well as Dzongkha, Sikkimese, Ladakhi, and sometimes Balti.
Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.
Historically Vietnamese has two sets of numbers: one is etymologically native Vietnamese; the other uses Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary.
The vigesimal or base 20 numeral system is based on twenty (in the same way in which the decimal numeral system is based on ten).
0 (zero) is both a number and the numerical digit used to represent that number in numerals.
1 (one, also called unit, unity, and (multiplicative) identity) is a number, numeral, and glyph.
10 (ten) is an even natural number following 9 and preceding 11.
196 (one hundred ninety-six) is the natural number following 195 and preceding 197.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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