54 relations: Advanced and retracted tongue root, Affricate consonant, Alveolar consonant, Back vowel, Bilabial trill, Butuo County, Caste, China, Chinese characters, Creaky voice, Dechang County, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, Fumin County, Gladstone Porteous, Glottal consonant, Jinyang County, Labial consonant, Labial–velar consonant, Lateral consonant, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Logogram, Lolo-Burmese languages, Loloish languages, Mandarin Chinese, Mianning County, Nasal consonant, Near-close vowel, Ningnan County, Nisoish languages, Nisu language, Nyisu language, Object–subject–verb, Open vowel, Open-mid vowel, Palatal consonant, Prestige (sociolinguistics), Puge County, Retroflex consonant, Roundedness, Sichuan, Stop consonant, Subject–object–verb, Syllabary, Syllabic consonant, Tone sandhi, Velar consonant, Vowel, Xichang, Xide County, ..., Yi people, Yi script, Yunnan, Zhaojue County. Expand index (4 more) » « Shrink index
In phonetics, advanced tongue root and retracted tongue root, abbreviated ATR or RTR, are contrasting states of the root of the tongue during the pronunciation of vowels in some languages, especially in Western and Eastern Africa but also in Kazakh and Mongolian.
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
The bilabial trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Butuo County is a county of southern Sichuan Province, China.
Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy, customary social interaction, and exclusion.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
In linguistics, creaky voice (sometimes called laryngealisation, pulse phonation, vocal fry, or glottal fry) is a special kind of phonation in which the arytenoid cartilages in the larynx are drawn together; as a result, the vocal folds are compressed rather tightly, becoming relatively slack and compact.
Dechang (is a county of southern Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
Fumin County (Chinese: 富民县; pinyin: Fùmín Xiàn) is a county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Gladstone Charles Fletcher Porteous, Chinese name 张尔昌 Zhāng Ěrchāng (1874–1944) was an Australian missionary to China who served with the China Inland Mission from 1904 and became Superintendent of the work in East Yunnan.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
Jinyang County (Yi: ꏠꑸꑤ jit yiep xiep) is a county of Sichuan Province, China.
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
Labial–velar consonants are doubly articulated at the velum and the lips, such as.
A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.
Liangshan (Yi: ꆃꎭ Niep Sha, pronounced), officially the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, is an autonomous prefecture occupying much of the southern extremity of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China; its seat is Xichang.
In written language, a logogram or logograph is a written character that represents a word or phrase.
The Lolo-Burmese languages (also Burmic languages) of Burma and Southern China form a coherent branch of the Sino-Tibetan family.
The Loloish languages, also known as Yi in China and occasionally Ngwi (Bradley 1997) or Nisoic (Lama 2012), are a family of fifty to a hundred Sino-Tibetan languages spoken primarily in the Yunnan province of China.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
Mianning County is a county of Sichuan Province, China.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
A near-close vowel or a near-high vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Ningnan County is a county of Sichuan Province, China.
The Nisoish languages, which contains both the Northern Loloish (Northern Ngwi) and Southeastern Loloish (Southeastern Ngwi) branches, are a branch of the Loloish languages proposed by Lama (2012).
Nisu (Southern Yi) is a language cluster spoken by half a million Yi people of China.
Nyisu or Yellow Yi 黄彝 is a moribund Loloish language of Kunming, central Yunnan, China.
In linguistic typology, object–subject–verb (OSV) or object–agent–verb (OAV) is a classification of languages, based on whether the structure predominates in pragmatically-neutral expressions.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
An open-mid vowel (also mid-open vowel, low-mid vowel, mid-low vowel or half-open vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
Prestige is the level of regard normally accorded a specific language or dialect within a speech community, relative to other languages or dialects.
Puge County (普格县 Pŭgé xiàn) is a county of Sichuan Province, China.
A retroflex consonant is a coronal consonant where the tongue has a flat, concave, or even curled shape, and is articulated between the alveolar ridge and the hard palate.
In phonetics, vowel roundedness refers to the amount of rounding in the lips during the articulation of a vowel.
Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
In linguistic typology, a subject–object–verb (SOV) language is one in which the subject, object, and verb of a sentence always or usually appear in that order.
A syllabary is a set of written symbols that represent the syllables or (more frequently) moras which make up words.
A syllabic consonant or vocalic consonant is a consonant that forms a syllable on its own, like the m, n and l in the English words rhythm, button and bottle, or is the nucleus of a syllable, like the r sound in the American pronunciation of work.
Tone sandhi is a phonological change occurring in tonal languages, in which the tones assigned to individual words or morphemes change based on the pronunciation of adjacent words or morphemes.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
Xichang, formerly known as Jiandu and Jianchang, is a city in and the seat of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, in the south of Sichuan Province, China.
Xide County (喜德县 Xĭdé xiàn) is a county of Sichuan Province, China.
The Yi or Nuosuo people (historically known as Lolo) are an ethnic group in China, Vietnam, and Thailand.
The Yi script (Yi: ꆈꌠꁱꂷ nuosu bburma) is an umbrella term for two scripts used to write the Yi languages; Classical Yi (an ideogram script), and the later Yi Syllabary.
Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.
Zhaojue County is a county of Sichuan Province, China.
Cool Mountain Yi, Cool Mountain Yi language, Cool Mountain dialect, Cool Mountain language, I language, ISO 639:ii, ISO 639:iii, Kangsiangying language, Kansiangying language, Kiaokio language, Laichau language, Liang-shan language, Liangshan Yi language, Liangshan dialect, Liangshan language, Nee language, Niesu language, Northern Yi, Northern Yi language, Nosu language, Nuoku language, P'ou-la language, Pakishan language, Sichuan Yi, Sichuan Yi language, Sichuan Yi phonology, Thongho language, Tudza language, Yi language, ꆇꉙ, ꆈꌠꉙ, ꆈꌠ꒿.