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Nutrition transition

Index Nutrition transition

Nutrition transition is the shift in dietary consumption and energy expenditure that coincides with economic, demographic, and epidemiological changes. [1]

63 relations: Advertising, Barry Popkin, Body mass index, BRICS, Burbot, Cardiovascular disease, Childhood obesity, Commercialization, Community health, Cooking oil, Degenerative disease, Demographic transition, Demography, Developed country, Developing country, Diet and obesity, Eating, Economic globalization, Emerging markets, Energy homeostasis, Epidemiological transition, Epidemiology, Epidemiology of obesity, Fat acceptance movement, Fat tax, First Nations, Food marketing, Food prices, Food security, Genetics of obesity, Globalization, Grain, Healthy diet, Human nutrition, Hunter-gatherer, Indigenous peoples, Infection, Liberalization, Lifestyle (sociology), Malnutrition, Management of obesity, Medical sociology, Metabolic syndrome, Moose, Non-communicable disease, Nutrition Education, Obesity, Obesity-associated morbidity, Outline of nutrition, Overnutrition, ..., Pigovian tax, Population health, Public health, Sin tax, Social determinants of obesity, Socioeconomic status, Sociology of health and illness, Sugar, Sugar substitute, Sugary drink tax, Tourism, Urbanization, Western pattern diet. Expand index (13 more) »

Advertising

Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.

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Barry Popkin

Barry Michael Popkin (born May 23, 1944) is an American food science researcher and the W.R. Kenan Jr. Distinguished Professor of Nutrition (as well as Carla Smith Chamblee Distinguished Professor of Global Nutrition) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health, where he is the director of the Interdisciplinary Center for Obesity.

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Body mass index

The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.

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BRICS

BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

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Burbot

The burbot (Lota lota) is the only gadiform (cod-like) freshwater fish.

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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.

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Childhood obesity

Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being.

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Commercialization

Commercialization or commercialisation is the process of introducing a new product or production method into commerce—making it available on the market.

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Community health

Community health is a major field of study within the medical and clinical sciences which focuses on the maintenance, protection, and improvement of the health status of population groups and communities.

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Cooking oil

Cooking oil is plant, animal, or synthetic fat used in frying, baking, and other types of cooking.

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Degenerative disease

Degenerative disease is the result of a continuous process based on degenerative cell changes, affecting tissues or organs, which will increasingly deteriorate over time, whether due to normal bodily wear or lifestyle choices such as exercise or eating habits.

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Demographic transition

Demographic transition (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.

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Demography

Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.

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Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

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Developing country

A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

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Diet and obesity

Diet plays an important role in the genesis of obesity.

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Eating

Eating (also known as consuming) is the ingestion of food, typically to provide a heterotrophic organism with energy and to allow for growth.

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Economic globalization

Economic globalization is one of the three main dimensions of globalization commonly found in academic literature, with the two others being political globalization and cultural globalization, as well as the general term of globalization.

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Emerging markets

An emerging market is a country that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not meet standards to be a developed market.

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Energy homeostasis

In biology, energy homeostasis, or the homeostatic control of energy balance, is a biological process that involves the coordinated homeostatic regulation of food intake (energy inflow) and energy expenditure (energy outflow).

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Epidemiological transition

In demography and medical geography, epidemiological transition is a phase of development witnessed by a sudden and stark increase in population growth rates brought by improved food security and innovations in public health and medicine, followed by a re-leveling of population growth due to subsequent declines in fertility rates.

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Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.

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Epidemiology of obesity

Obesity has been observed throughout human history.

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Fat acceptance movement

The fat acceptance movement (also known as the size acceptance, fat liberation, fat activism, fativism, fat justice, or fat power movement) is a social movement seeking to change anti-fat bias in social attitudes.

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Fat tax

A fat tax is a tax or surcharge that is placed upon fattening food, beverages or on overweight individuals.

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First Nations

In Canada, the First Nations (Premières Nations) are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle.

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Food marketing

Food marketing brings together the food producer and the consumer through a chain of marketing activities.

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Food prices

Food prices refer to the (averaged) price level for food in particular countries or regions or on a global scale.

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Food security

Food security is a condition related to the availability of food supply, group of people such as (ethnicities, racial, cultural and religious groups) as well as individuals' access to it.

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Genetics of obesity

Like many other medical conditions, obesity is the result of an interplay between environmental and genetic factors.

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Globalization

Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.

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Grain

A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.

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Healthy diet

A healthy diet is a diet that helps to maintain or improve overall health.

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Human nutrition

Human nutrition deals with the provision of essential nutrients in food that are necessary to support human life and health.

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Hunter-gatherer

A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.

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Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

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Infection

Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Liberalization

Liberalization (or liberalisation) is a general term for any process whereby a state lifts restrictions on some private individual activities.

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Lifestyle (sociology)

Lifestyle is the interests, opinions, behaviours, and behavioural orientations of an individual, group, or culture.

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Malnutrition

Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.

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Management of obesity

Management of obesity can include lifestyle changes, medications, or surgery.

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Medical sociology

No description.

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Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by other names, is a clustering of at least three of the five following medical conditions: abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high serum triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels.

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Moose

The moose (North America) or elk (Eurasia), Alces alces, is the largest extant species in the deer family.

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Non-communicable disease

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is not caused by infectious agents (non-infectious or non-transmissible).

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Nutrition Education

Nutrition Education is any combination of educational strategies, accompanied by environmental supports, designed to facilitate voluntary adoption of food choices and other food- and nutrition-related behaviors conducive to health and well-being.

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Obesity

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.

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Obesity-associated morbidity

Obesity is an important risk factor for many chronic physical and mental illnesses that people suffer from.

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Outline of nutrition

The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.

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Overnutrition

Overnutrition or hyperalimentation is a form of malnutrition in which the intake of nutrients is oversupplied.

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Pigovian tax

A Pigovian tax (also spelled Pigouvian tax) is a tax on any market activity that generates negative externalities (costs not included in the market price).

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Population health

Population health has been defined as "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group".

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Public health

Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".

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Sin tax

A sin tax is an excise tax specifically levied on certain goods deemed harmful to society, for example alcohol and tobacco, candies, drugs, soft drinks, fast foods, coffee, sugar, gambling and pornography.

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Social determinants of obesity

While genetic influences are important to understanding obesity, they cannot explain the current dramatic increase seen within specific countries or globally.

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Socioeconomic status

Socioeconomic status (SES) is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation.

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Sociology of health and illness

The sociology of health and illness, alternatively the sociology of health and wellness (or simply health sociology), examines the interaction between society and health.

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Sugar

Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

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Sugar substitute

A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.

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Sugary drink tax

A sugary drink tax or soda tax is a tax or surcharge designed to reduce consumption of drinks with added sugar.

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Tourism

Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Urbanization

Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.

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Western pattern diet

The Western pattern diet or Standard American Diet (SAD) is a modern dietary pattern that is generally characterized by high intakes of red and processed meat, butter, fried foods, high-fat dairy products, eggs, refined grains, potatoes, and high-sugar drinks.

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Redirects here:

Nutrition Transition, Nutritional transition.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nutrition_transition

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