82 relations: Adam Drewnowski, Added sugar, Algorithm, Auxology, Blood sugar level, Canada's Food Guide, Carbohydrate, Cardiovascular disease, Childhood obesity, Cholesterol, Complete protein, Dartmouth College, David J. Jenkins, Diabetes mellitus, Diet (nutrition), Dietary fiber, Dietary supplement, Dieting, Dietitian, Digestion, Eating, Eating disorder, Enzyme, Essential amino acid, Essential fatty acid, Exercise, Fast food, Fat, Food, Food and Drug Administration, Food group, Fruit, Functional food, General fitness training, General Mills, Glucose, Glycemic index, Glycemic load, Grain, Harvard University, Healthy diet, Healthy eating pyramid, Index of topics related to life extension, Junk food, Life extension, List of diets, List of food additives, List of unrefined sweeteners, Malnutrition, Micronutrient, ..., Mineral (nutrient), Nootropic, Nutraceutical, Nutrient, Nutrient density, Nutrient profiling, Nutrition facts label, Nutritionist, Obesity, Omega-3 fatty acid, Orthomolecular medicine, Outline of nutrition, Physical fitness, Phytochemical, Protein, Protein (nutrient), Protein combining, Salt, Saturated fat, Starvation, SuperValu (United States), The Wall Street Journal, Trans fat, Tufts University, United States Department of Agriculture, University of North Carolina, University of Toronto, Vegetable, Vitamin, Weight Watchers, World Health Organization, 5 A Day. Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
Adam Drewnowski (born 1948 in Warsaw, Poland) is a professor of epidemiology at the University of Washington and the director of the Center for Public Health Nutrition at the University's School of Public Health.
Added sugars are sugar carbohydrates (caloric sweeteners) added to food and beverages during their production (industrial processing).
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Auxology, sometimes called auxanology (from Greek αὔξω, auxō, or αὐξάνω, auxanō, "grow"; and -λογία, -logia), is a meta-term covering the study of all aspects of human physical growth.
The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.
Canada's Food Guide is a nutrition guide produced by Health Canada.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
A complete protein (or whole protein) is a source of protein that contains an adequate proportion of all nine of the essential amino acids necessary for the dietary needs of an organism.
Dartmouth College is a private Ivy League research university in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States.
David J.A. Jenkins is a British-born University Professor in the department of Nutritional Sciences at the University of Toronto, Canada.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.
Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.
A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.
Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated and supervised fashion to decrease, maintain, or increase body weight, or to prevent and treat diseases, such as diabetes.
A dietitian (or dietician) is an expert in dietetics; that is, human nutrition and the regulation of diet.
Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.
Eating (also known as consuming) is the ingestion of food, typically to provide a heterotrophic organism with energy and to allow for growth.
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
An essential amino acid, or indispensable amino acid, is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized ''de novo'' (from scratch) by the organism, and thus must be supplied in its diet.
Essential fatty acids, or EFAs, are fatty acids that humans and other animals must ingest because the body requires them for good health but cannot synthesize them.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Fast food is a mass-produced food that is typically prepared and served quicker than traditional foods.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
A food group is a collection of foods that share similar nutritional properties or biological classifications.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
A functional food is a food given an additional function (often one related to health-promotion or disease prevention) by adding new ingredients or more of existing ingredients.
General fitness training works towards broad goals of overall health and well-being, rather than narrow goals of sport competition, larger muscles or concerns over appearance.
General Mills, Inc., is an American multinational manufacturer and marketer of branded consumer foods sold through retail stores.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
The glycemic index or glycaemic index (GI) is a number associated with the carbohydrates in a particular type of food that indicates the effect of these carbohydrates on a person's blood glucose (also called blood sugar) level.
The glycemic load (GL) of food is a number that estimates how much the food will raise a person's blood glucose level after eating it.
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
A healthy diet is a diet that helps to maintain or improve overall health.
The Healthy Eating Pyramid (alternately, Healthy Eating Plate) is a nutrition guide developed by the Harvard School of Public Health, suggesting quantities of each food category that a human should eat each day.
Following is a list of topics related to life extension.
Junk food is a pejorative term for food containing a large number of calories from sugar or fat with little fibre, protein, vitamins or minerals.
Life extension science, also known as anti-aging medicine, indefinite life extension, experimental gerontology, and biomedical gerontology, is the study of slowing down or reversing the processes of aging to extend both the maximum and average lifespan.
An individual's diet is the sum of food and drink that he or she habitually consumes.
;Acids: Food acids are added to make flavors "sharper", and also act as preservatives and antioxidants.
This list of unrefined sweeteners includes all natural, unrefined, or low-processed sweeteners.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms in small quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health.
In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.
Nootropics, also known as smart drugs and cognitive enhancers, are drugs, supplements, and other substances that purport to improve cognitive function, particularly executive functions, memory, creativity, or motivation, in healthy individuals.
A Nutraceutical is a pharmaceutical-grade and standardized nutrient.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Nutrient density identifies the proportion of nutrients in foods, with terms such as nutrient rich and micronutrient dense referring to similar properties.
Nutrient profiling, also nutritional profiling, is the science of classifying or ranking foods by their nutritional composition in order to promote health and prevent disease.
The nutrition facts label (also known as the nutrition information panel, and other slight variations) is a label required on most packaged food in many countries.
A nutritionist is a person who advises on matters of food and nutrition and their impacts on human health.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids, are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).
Orthomolecular medicine, a form of alternative medicine, aims to maintain human health through nutritional supplementation.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.
Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities.
Phytochemicals are chemical compounds produced by plants, generally to help them thrive or thwart competitors, predators, or pathogens.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body.
Protein combining (or protein complementing) is a dietary theory for protein nutrition that purports to optimize the biological value of protein intake.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
A saturated fat is a type of fat in which the fatty acid chains have all or predominantly single bonds.
Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.
SuperValu, Inc. is an American retailing company.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Trans fat, also called trans-unsaturated fatty acids or trans fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat that occur in small amounts in nature but became widely produced industrially from vegetable fats starting in the 1950s for use in margarine, snack food, and packaged baked goods and for frying fast food.
Tufts University is a private research university incorporated in the municipality of Medford, Massachusetts, United States.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The University of North Carolina is a multi-campus public university system composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
A vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) which is an essential micronutrient - that is, a substance which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism - but cannot synthesize it (either at all, or in sufficient quantities), and therefore it must be obtained through the diet.
Weight Watchers International is an American company that offers various products and services to assist weight loss and maintenance.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
5 A Day is any of various national campaigns in countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany, to encourage the consumption of at least five portions of fruit and vegetables each day, following a recommendation by the World Health Organization that individuals consume "a minimum of 400g of fruit and vegetables per day (excluding potatoes and other starchy tubers)." A meta-analysis of the many studies of this issue was published in 2017 and found that consumption of double the minimum recommendation – 800g or 10 a day – provided an increased protection against all forms of mortality.
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