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Index Nylon

Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides. [1]

212 relations: Acetone, Acid, Acid strength, Acrylonitrile, Adipic acid, Adiponitrile, Adipoyl chloride, Albert Augustine Ltd., Aliphatic compound, Alkane, American Chemical Society, Amide, Amine, Ammonia, Amorphous solid, Andrés Segovia, Aramid, Aromaticity, Éleuthère Irénée du Pont, Ballistic nylon, Base (chemistry), Benzene, Beta sheet, Biopolymer, Bristle, Cadaverine, Caprolactam, Carbon, Carbonyl group, Carboxylic acid, Cassava, Casting, Castor oil, Catgut, Celsius, Charles Stine, Chemical engineering, Chemical polarity, Christian Dior, Cis–trans isomerism, Coco Chanel, Color, Composite material, Condensation polymer, Copolymer, Cordura, Cotton, Crystal, Crystallinity, Currency, ..., Cyclododecane, Cyclododecanone, Cyclododecatriene, Cyclohexane, Cyclohexanol, Cyclohexanone, Density, Diamine, Dicarboxylic acid, Diol, Dodecanedioic acid, Drawing (manufacturing), DuPont, DuPont Experimental Station, Dye, Electrical resistance and conductance, Electrical resistivity and conductivity, Electrode, Extrusion, Fahrenheit, Feather, Flame, Fluid, Forensic engineering, Formaldehyde, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Functional group, Fused filament fabrication, Gear, Glass transition, Glass-filled polymer, Glock, Glucose, Golden Gate International Exposition, Great Depression, Greenhouse gas footprint, Hemp, Herman E. Schroeder, Hermann Staudinger, Hexamethylenediamine, Horst P. Horst, Hydrogen, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrolysis, Hygroscopy, IG Farben, Incineration, Injection moulding, Isophorone, Isophthalic acid, Jean Patou, Kelvin, Keratin, Kevlar, Lactam, Lamella (materials), Laurolactam, Lead–acid battery, List of synthetic polymers, Lubricity, Lysine, M-Xylene, Machine, Meat, Melting, Melting point, Military, Molecular mass, Molybdenum disulfide, National Historic Chemical Landmarks, Neoprene, New York Herald Tribune, Nomex, Nylon 1,6, Nylon 11, Nylon 12, Nylon 46, Nylon 6, Nylon 66, Nylon riots, Nylon rope trick, Nylon TMDT, Nylon-eating bacteria, Oxime, Oxygen, P-Xylene, Parachute, Parachute cord, Paul Schlack, Peptide, Peptide bond, Petroleum, Plane (geometry), Plastic, Polyamide, Polyamine, Polyester, Polymer, Polyphthalamide, Polyurethane, Poncho, Propene, Properties of water, Protein, Putrescine, Qiana, Random coil, Ratio, Rayon, Remington Nylon 66, Rheology, Ricinoleic acid, Ring-opening polymerization, Ripstop, Room temperature, Rope, Rotation, Royal Society of Chemistry, Salt (chemistry), Sausage, Science History Institute, Screw, Sebacic acid, Shear stress, Siemens (unit), Silk, Spandex, Specific strength, Spinneret (polymers), Spudger, Starch, Step-growth polymerization, Stocking, Stress (mechanics), String trimmer, Succinonitrile, Sulfuric acid, Tent, Terephthalic acid, Textile, Thermal conductivity, Thermoplastic, Thin film, Timbre, Tire, Toothbrush, Trimethylhexamethylenediamine, Twaron, Ultimate tensile strength, Unified atomic mass unit, Viscosity, Wallace Carothers, Watt, Wool, World War I, World War II, World's fair, 1,3-Butadiene, 11-Aminoundecanoic acid, 1939 New York World's Fair, 3D printing. Expand index (162 more) »


Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.

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An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).

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Acid strength

The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+).

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Acrylonitrile is an organic compound with the formula CH2CHCN.

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Adipic acid

Adipic acid or hexanedioic acid is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)4(COOH)2.

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Adiponitrile is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)4(CN)2.

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Adipoyl chloride

Adipoyl chloride (or adipoyl dichloride) is the organic compound with the formula (CH2CH2C(O)Cl)2.

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Albert Augustine Ltd.

Albert Augustine Ltd. is the originator of and currently a manufacturer of nylon classical guitar strings.

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Aliphatic compound

In organic chemistry, hydrocarbons (compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen) are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar, fat, oil) also known as non-aromatic compounds.

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In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

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American Chemical Society

The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.

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An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).

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In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

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Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

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Amorphous solid

In condensed matter physics and materials science, an amorphous (from the Greek a, without, morphé, shape, form) or non-crystalline solid is a solid that lacks the long-range order that is characteristic of a crystal.

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Andrés Segovia

Andrés Segovia Torres, 1st Marquis of Salobreña (21 February 18932 June 1987), known as Andrés Segovia, was a virtuoso Spanish classical guitarist from Linares, Spain.

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Aramid fibers are a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibers.

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In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.

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Éleuthère Irénée du Pont

Éleuthère Irénée du Pont de Nemours (24 June 1771 – 31 October 1834), known as Irénée du Pont, or E. I. du Pont, was a French-American chemist and industrialist who founded the gunpowder manufacturer E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company.

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Ballistic nylon

Ballistic nylon is a thick, tough, nylon fabric with several uses.

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Base (chemistry)

In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.

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Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Beta sheet

The β-sheet (also β-pleated sheet) is a common motif of regular secondary structure in proteins.

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Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecules.

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A bristle is a stiff hair or feather (natural or artificial), either on an animal, such as a pig, or on a tool such as a brush or broom.

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Cadaverine is a foul-smelling diamine compound produced by the putrefaction of animal tissue.

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Caprolactam (CPL) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)5C(O)NH.

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Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

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Carbonyl group

In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.

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Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

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Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.

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Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.

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Castor oil

Castor oil is a vegetable oil obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis).

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Catgut is a type of cord that is prepared from the natural fibre found in the walls of animal intestines.

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The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).

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Charles Stine

Charles Milton Altland Stine (1882–1954) was a chemist and a vice-president of DuPont who created the laboratory from which nylon and other significant inventions were made.

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Chemical engineering

Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that uses principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics and economics to efficiently use, produce, transform, and transport chemicals, materials and energy.

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Chemical polarity

In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.

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Christian Dior

Christian Dior (21 January 1905 – 24 October 1957) was a French fashion designer, best known as the founder of one of the world's top fashion houses, also called Christian Dior, which is now owned by Groupe Arnault.

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Cis–trans isomerism

Cis–trans isomerism, also known as geometric isomerism or configurational isomerism, is a term used in organic chemistry.

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Coco Chanel

Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel (19 August 1883 – 10 January 1971) was a French fashion designer and a business woman.

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Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.

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Composite material

A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.

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Condensation polymer

Condensation polymers are any kind of polymers formed through a condensation reaction—where molecules join together—losing small molecules as byproducts such as water or methanol.

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When two or more different monomers unite together to polymerize, the product is called a copolymer and the process is called copolymerization.

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Cordura is a collection of fabric technologies used in a wide array of products including luggage, backpacks, trousers, military wear and performance apparel.

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Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.

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A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.

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Crystallinity refers to the degree of structural order in a solid.

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A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.

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Cyclododecane is an organic compound with the chemical formula (CH2)12.

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Cyclododecanone is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)11CO.

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Cyclododecatrienes are cyclic trienes with the formula C12H18.

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Cyclohexane is a cycloalkane with the molecular formula C6H12 (the alkyl is abbreviated Cy).

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Cyclohexanol is the organic compound with the formula HOCH(CH2)5.

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Cyclohexanone is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)5CO.

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The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.

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A diamine is an organic compound with two amino groups.

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Dicarboxylic acid

A dicarboxylic acid is an organic compound containing two carboxyl functional groups (−COOH).

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A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).

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Dodecanedioic acid

Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) is a dicarboxylic acid mainly used in antiseptics, top-grade coatings, painting materials, corrosion inhibitors, surfactants, and engineering plastics such as nylon 612.

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Drawing (manufacturing)

Drawing is a metalworking process which uses tensile forces to stretch metal or glass.

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DuPont Experimental Station

The DuPont Experimental Station is the largest research and development facility of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company.

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A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.

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Electrical resistance and conductance

The electrical resistance of an electrical conductor is a measure of the difficulty to pass an electric current through that conductor.

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Electrical resistivity and conductivity

Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is a fundamental property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current.

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An electrode is an electrical conductor used to make contact with a nonmetallic part of a circuit (e.g. a semiconductor, an electrolyte, a vacuum or air).

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Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.

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The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Dutch-German-Polish physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736).

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Feathers are epidermal growths that form the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on birds and other, extinct species' of dinosaurs.

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A flame (from Latin flamma) is the visible, gaseous part of a fire.

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In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.

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Forensic engineering

Forensic engineering has been defined as "the investigation of failures - ranging from serviceability to catastrophic - which may lead to legal activity, including both civil and criminal". It therefore includes the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate or function as intended, causing personal injury, damage to property or economic loss.

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No description.

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Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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Fused filament fabrication

Fused filament fabrication (FFF) is a 3D printing process that uses a continuous filament of a thermoplastic material.

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A gear or cogwheel is a rotating machine part having cut like teeth, or cogs, which mesh with another toothed part to transmit torque.

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Glass transition

The glass–liquid transition, or glass transition, is the gradual and reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials), from a hard and relatively brittle "glassy" state into a viscous or rubbery state as the temperature is increased.

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Glass-filled polymer

Glass-filled polymer, or glass-filled plastic, is a mouldable composite material.

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The Glock pistol is a series of polymer-framed, short recoil-operated, locked-breech semi-automatic pistols designed and produced by Austrian Glock Ges.m.b.H..

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Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.

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Golden Gate International Exposition

The Golden Gate International Exposition (GGIE) (1939 and 1940), held at San Francisco's Treasure Island, was a World's Fair celebrating, among other things, the city's two newly built bridges.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Greenhouse gas footprint

The Greenhouse gas footprint, or GHG footprint, refers to the amount of greenhouse gases that are emitted during the creation of products or services.

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Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.

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Herman E. Schroeder

Herman E. Schroeder (6 July 1915 – 28 November 2009) was a Research Director at DuPont, inventor of the first practical adhesive for bonding rubber to nylon for B29 bomber tires, and a pioneer in the development of specialty elastomers.

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Hermann Staudinger

Hermann Staudinger (23 March 1881 – 8 September 1965) was a German organic chemist who demonstrated the existence of macromolecules, which he characterized as polymers.

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Hexamethylenediamine is the organic compound with the formula H2N(CH2)6NH2.

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Horst P. Horst

Horst Paul Albert Bohrmann (August 14, 1906November 18, 1999) who chose to be known as Horst P. Horst was a German-American fashion photographer.

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Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

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Hydrogen bond

A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.

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Hydrogen cyanide

Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes called prussic acid, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HCN.

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Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

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Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.

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IG Farben

IG Farben was a German chemical and pharmaceutical industry conglomerate.

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Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

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Injection moulding

Injection moulding (British English) or injection molding (American English) is a manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting molten material into a mould.

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Isophorone is an α,β-unsaturated cyclic ketone.

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Isophthalic acid

Isophthalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO2H)2.

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Jean Patou

Jean Patou (19 August 1880 - 8 March 1936) was a French fashion designer and founder of the Jean Patou brand.

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The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.

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Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.

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Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.

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A lactam is a cyclic amide.

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Lamella (materials)

A lamella (plural lamellae) is a small plate or flake, from the Latin, and may also be used to refer to collections of fine sheets of material held adjacent to one another, in a gill-shaped structure, often with fluid in between though sometimes simply a set of 'welded' plates.

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Laurolactam is an organic compound from the group of macrocyclic lactams.

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Lead–acid battery

The lead–acid battery was invented in 1859 by French physicist Gaston Planté and is the oldest type of rechargeable battery.

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List of synthetic polymers

Synthetic polymers are human-made polymers.

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Lubricity is the measure of the reduction in friction and or wear by a lubricant.

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Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

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m-Xylene (''meta''-xylene) is an aromatic hydrocarbon.

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A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action.

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Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.

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Melting, or fusion, is a physical process that results in the phase transition of a substance from a solid to a liquid.

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Melting point

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.

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A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.

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Molecular mass

Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.

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Molybdenum disulfide

Molybdenum disulfide is an inorganic compound composed of molybdenum and sulfur.

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National Historic Chemical Landmarks

The National Historic Chemical Landmarks program was launched by the American Chemical Society in 1992 to recognize seminal achievements in the history of chemistry and related professions.

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Neoprene (also polychloroprene or pc-rubber) is a family of synthetic rubbers that are produced by polymerization of chloroprene.

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New York Herald Tribune

The New York Herald Tribune was a newspaper published between 1924 and 1966.

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Nomex is a flame-resistant meta-aramid material developed in the early 1960s by DuPont and first marketed in 1967.

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Nylon 1,6

Nylon 1,6 (aka polyamide 1,6) is a type of polyamide or nylon.

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Nylon 11

Nylon 11 or Polyamide 11 (PA 11) is a polyamide and bioplastic, a member of the nylon family of polymers.

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Nylon 12

Nylon 12 is a polymer with the formula n. It is made from ω-aminolauric acid or laurolactam monomers that each have 12 carbons, hence the name ‘Nylon 12’.

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Nylon 46

Nylon 46 is a type of polyamide or nylon.

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Nylon 6

Nylon 6 or polycaprolactam is a polymer developed by Paul Schlack at IG Farben to reproduce the properties of nylon 6,6 without violating the patent on its production.

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Nylon 66

Nylon 66 (nylon 6-6, nylon 6/6 or nylon 6,6) is a type of polyamide or nylon.

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Nylon riots

The nylon riots were a series of disturbances at American stores created by a nylon stocking shortage.

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Nylon rope trick

The nylon rope trick is a scientific demonstration that illustrates some of the fundamental chemical principles of step-growth polymerization and provides students and other observers with a hands-on demonstration of the preparation of a synthetic polymer.

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Nylon TMDT

Nylon TMDT (also known as Nylon 6-3-T) is a type of transparent nylon, useful where transparency and chemical resistance are required in the same application.

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Nylon-eating bacteria

Nylon-eating bacteria are a strain of Flavobacterium that are capable of digesting certain by-products of nylon 6 manufacture.

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An oxime is a chemical compound belonging to the imines, with the general formula R1R2C.

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Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

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p-Xylene (''para''-xylene) is an aromatic hydrocarbon.

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A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).

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Parachute cord

Parachute cord (also paracord or 550 cord when referring to type-III paracord) is a lightweight nylon kernmantle rope originally used in the suspension lines of parachutes.

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Paul Schlack

Paul Schlack (22 December 1897 – 19 August 1987) was a German chemist.

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Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.

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Peptide bond

A peptide bond is a covalent chemical bond linking two consecutive amino acid monomers along a peptide or protein chain.

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Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Plane (geometry)

In mathematics, a plane is a flat, two-dimensional surface that extends infinitely far.

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Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.

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A polyamide is a macromolecule with repeating units linked by amide bonds.

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A polyamine is an organic compound having more than two amino groups.

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Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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Polyphthalamide (aka. PPA, High Performance Polyamide) is a subset of thermoplastic synthetic resins in the polyamide (nylon) family defined as when 55% or more moles of the carboxylic acid portion of the repeating unit in the polymer chain is composed of a combination of terephthalic (TPA) and isophthalic (IPA) acids.

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Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.

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A poncho (punchu in Quechua; Mapudungun pontro, blanket, woolen fabric) is an outer garment designed to keep the body warm.

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Propene, also known as propylene or methyl ethylene, is an unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6.

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Properties of water

Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Putrescine, or tetramethylenediamine, is a foul-smelling organic chemical compound NH2(CH2)4NH2 (1,4-diaminobutane or butanediamine) that is related to cadaverine; both are produced by the breakdown of amino acids in living and dead organisms and both are toxic in large doses.

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Qiana is a silky nylon fiber developed in 1962 at the DuPont Experimental Station by Stanley Brooke Speck.

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Random coil

A random coil is a polymer conformation where the monomer subunits are oriented randomly while still being bonded to adjacent units.

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In mathematics, a ratio is a relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second.

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Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber.

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Remington Nylon 66

The Remington Nylon 66 is a rifle manufactured by Remington Arms from 1959 to 1989.

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Rheology (from Greek ῥέω rhéō, "flow" and -λoγία, -logia, "study of") is the study of the flow of matter, primarily in a liquid state, but also as "soft solids" or solids under conditions in which they respond with plastic flow rather than deforming elastically in response to an applied force.

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Ricinoleic acid

Ricinoleic acid, formally called 12-hydroxy-9-cis-octadecenoic acid is a fatty acid.

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Ring-opening polymerization

In polymer chemistry, ring-opening polymerization (ROP) is a form of chain-growth polymerization, in which the terminal end of a polymer chain acts as a reactive center where further cyclic monomers can react by opening its ring system and form a longer polymer chain (see figure).

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Ripstop fabrics are woven fabrics, often made of nylon, using a special reinforcing technique that makes them resistant to tearing and ripping.

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Room temperature

Colloquially, room temperature is the range of air temperatures that most people prefer for indoor settings, which feel comfortable when wearing typical indoor clothing.

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A rope is a group of yarns, plies, fibers or strands that are twisted or braided together into a larger and stronger form.

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A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation.

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Royal Society of Chemistry

The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".

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Salt (chemistry)

In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.

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A sausage is a cylindrical meat product usually made from ground meat, often pork, beef, or veal, along with salt, spices and other flavourings, and breadcrumbs, encased by a skin.

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Science History Institute

The Science History Institute is an institution that preserves and promotes understanding of the history of science.

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A screw is a type of fastener, in some ways similar to a bolt (see Differentiation between bolt and screw below), typically made of metal, and characterized by a helical ridge, known as a male thread (external thread).

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Sebacic acid

Sebacic acid is a naturally occurring dicarboxylic acid with the structure (HOOC)(CH2)8(COOH).

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Shear stress

A shear stress, often denoted by (Greek: tau), is the component of stress coplanar with a material cross section.

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Siemens (unit)

The siemens (symbol: S) is the derived unit of electric conductance, electric susceptance and electric admittance in the International System of Units (SI).

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Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity.

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Specific strength

The specific strength is a material's strength (force per unit area at failure) divided by its density.

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Spinneret (polymers)

A spinneret is a device used to extrude a polymer solution or polymer melt to form fibers.

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A spudger (or sometimes spludger) is a tool that has a wide flat-head screwdriver-like end that extends as a wedge, used to separate pressure-fit plastic components without causing damage during separation.

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Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

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Step-growth polymerization

Step-growth polymerization refers to a type of polymerization mechanism in which bi-functional or multifunctional monomers react to form first dimers, then trimers, longer oligomers and eventually long chain polymers.

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Stockings (also known as hose, especially in a historical context) are close-fitting, variously elastic garments covering the leg from the foot up to the knee or possibly part or all of the thigh.

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Stress (mechanics)

In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.

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String trimmer

A string trimmer, also called a "weed-whip", "whipper-snipper", "weed-whacker", a "weed eater", a "line trimmer" (in Australia) or a "strimmer" (in the UK and Ireland), is a tool which uses a flexible monofilament line instead of a blade for cutting grass and other plants near objects, or on steep or irregular terrain.

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Succinonitrile, also butanedinitrile, is a nitrile, with the formula of C2H4(CN)2.

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Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.

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A tent is a shelter consisting of sheets of fabric or other material draped over, attached to a frame of poles or attached to a supporting rope.

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Terephthalic acid

Terephthalic acid is an organic compound with formula C6H4(CO2H)2.

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A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).

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Thermal conductivity

Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat.

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A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

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Thin film

A thin film is a layer of material ranging from fractions of a nanometer (monolayer) to several micrometers in thickness.

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In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.

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A tire (American English) or tyre (British English; see spelling differences) is a ring-shaped component that surrounds a wheel's rim to transfer a vehicle's load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide traction on the surface traveled over.

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The toothbrush is an oral hygiene instrument used to clean the teeth, gums, and tongue.

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Trimethylhexamethylenediamine is the name used to refer to a mixture of two isomers of trimethyl-1,6-hexanediamine.

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Twaron (a brand name of Teijin Aramid) is a para-aramid.

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Ultimate tensile strength

Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS), ultimate strength, or Ftu within equations, is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to elongate, as opposed to compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to reduce size.

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Unified atomic mass unit

The unified atomic mass unit or dalton (symbol: u, or Da) is a standard unit of mass that quantifies mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).

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The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.

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Wallace Carothers

Wallace Hume Carothers (April 27, 1896 – April 29, 1937) was an American chemist, inventor and the leader of organic chemistry at DuPont, credited with the invention of nylon.

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The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.

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Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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World's fair

A world's fair, world fair, world expo, universal exposition, or international exposition (sometimes expo or Expo for short) is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations.

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1,3-Butadiene is the organic compound with the formula (CH2.

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11-Aminoundecanoic acid

11-Aminoundecanoic acid is an organic compound with the formula H2N(CH2)10CO2H.

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1939 New York World's Fair

The 1939–40 New York World's Fair, which covered the of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964–1965 New York World's Fair), was the second most expensive American world's fair of all time, exceeded only by St.

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3D printing

3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together).

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Redirects here:

Bri-Nylon, Duralon, NYLon, Ny-Lon (concept), NyLon, Nylon (material), Nylon fiber, Nylon plastic, Nylon polymer.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nylon

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