94 relations: Aging (scheduling), Amiga, Apple Inc., Argus Press, ARM architecture, Arm Holdings, Assembly language, Atari ST, BASIC, BASIC09, BBC Micro, Byte (magazine), C (programming language), California Department of Transportation, COBOL, Command-line interface, Computer multitasking, Cumana (company), Device driver, Dragon 32/64, Embedded system, English language, Environment variable, Fairlight CMI, File system, FM-11, FM-7, FM-8, Fork (system call), Fork–exec, Forth (programming language), Fujitsu, Graphical user interface, Hitachi, Hitachi 6309, Intel, Intel 80386, Intel Core, IXP1200, Linux, Loadable kernel module, Mac OS 9, Machine code, Macintosh, MC68340, Memory management, Memory management unit, Memory model (programming), Microprocessor, Microsoft, ..., Microware, MIPS architecture, Motorola, Motorola 68000, Motorola 68000 series, Motorola 68008, Motorola 6809, Multi-user software, Native (computing), Nroff, NXP ColdFire, Operating system, Pascal (programming language), Philips, Philips CD-i, Position-independent code, POSIX Threads, PowerPC, Process (computing), Proprietary software, Radisys, Real-time computing, Real-time operating system, Reentrancy (computing), SCSI, SourceForge, Spawn (computing), Spreadsheet, SS-50 bus, Static library, SuperH, SWTPC, Symmetric multiprocessing, Technical Systems Consultants, TRS-80 Color Computer, User space, VAX, VMEbus, Word processor, WYSIWYG, X68000, X86, 32-bit, 8-track tape. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
In Operating systems, aging (US English) or ageing is a scheduling technique used to avoid starvation.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Argus Press was a British publishing company.
ARM, previously Advanced RISC Machine, originally Acorn RISC Machine, is a family of reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architectures for computer processors, configured for various environments.
Arm Holdings (Arm) is a multinational semiconductor and software design company, owned by SoftBank Group and its Vision Fund.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
BASIC (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use.
BASIC09 is a structured BASIC programming language dialect developed by Microware and Motorola for the then-new Motorola 6809 CPU and released in 1980.
The British Broadcasting Corporation Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, is a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is an executive department of the US state of California.
COBOL (an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
In computing, multitasking is the concurrent execution of multiple tasks (also known as processes) over a certain period of time.
Cumana, based in Guildford, England, was a manufacturer of educational computer products.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
The Dragon 32 and Dragon 64 are home computers that were built in the 1980s.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An environment variable is a dynamic-named value that can affect the way running processes will behave on a computer.
The Fairlight CMI (short for Computer Musical Instrument) is a digital synthesizer, sampler and digital audio workstation introduced in 1979 by the founders of Fairlight, Peter Vogel and Kim Ryrie, — with links to some Fairlight history and photos developed based on the commercial license of Qasar M8 dual-MC6800 microprocessor musical instrument originally developed by Tony Furse of Creative Strategies in Sydney, Australia.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
The FM-11 (Fujitsu Micro 11) was a business computer announced by Fujitsu in November 1982.
The FM-7 ("Fujitsu Micro 7") is a home computer created by Fujitsu, first released in 1982, sold in Japan and Spain.
The FM-8 (Fujitsu Micro 8) was a personal computer developed and manufactured by Fujitsu in May 1981.
In computing, particularly in the context of the Unix operating system and its workalikes, fork is an operation whereby a process creates a copy of itself.
Fork–exec is a commonly used technique in Unix whereby an executing process spawns a new program.
Forth is an imperative stack-based computer programming language and environment originally designed by Charles "Chuck" Moore.
is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
() is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
The 6309 is Hitachi's CMOS version of the Motorola 6809 microprocessor.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.
Intel Core is a line of mid-to-high end consumer, workstation, and enthusiast central processing units (CPU) marketed by Intel Corporation.
The IXP1200 is a network processor fabricated by Intel Corporation.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
In computing, a loadable kernel module (LKM) is an object file that contains code to extend the running kernel, or so-called base kernel, of an operating system.
Mac OS 9 is the ninth and final major release of Apple's classic Mac OS operating system.
Machine code is a computer program written in machine language instructions that can be executed directly by a computer's central processing unit (CPU).
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The MC68340 is a high-performance 32-bit microprocessor with direct memory access (DMA).
Memory management is a form of resource management applied to computer memory.
A memory management unit (MMU), sometimes called paged memory management unit (PMMU), is a computer hardware unit having all memory references passed through itself, primarily performing the translation of virtual memory addresses to physical addresses.
In computing, a memory model describes the interactions of threads through memory and their shared use of the data.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microware was a US corporation based in Clive, Iowa that produced the OS-9 real-time operating system.
MIPS (an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA)Price, Charles (September 1995).
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
The Motorola 68000 ("'sixty-eight-thousand'"; also called the m68k or Motorola 68k, "sixty-eight-kay") is a 16/32-bit CISC microprocessor, which implements a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and 32-bit internal data bus, but with a 16-bit data ALU and two 16-bit arithmetic ALUs and a 16-bit external data bus, designed and marketed by Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector.
The Motorola 68000 series (also termed 680x0, m68000, m68k, or 68k) is a family of 32-bit CISC microprocessors.
The Motorola 68008 is an 8/16/32-bit microprocessor made by Motorola.
The Motorola 6809 ("sixty-eight-oh-nine") is an 8-bit microprocessor CPU with some 16-bit features from Motorola.
Multi-user software is software that allows access by multiple users of a computer.
In computing, software or data formats that are native to a system are those that the system supports with minimal computational overhead and additional components.
nroff (short for "new roff") is a Unix text-formatting program.
The NXP ColdFire is a microprocessor that derives from the Motorola 68000 family architecture, manufactured for embedded systems development by NXP Semiconductors.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honor of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal. Pascal was developed on the pattern of the ALGOL 60 language. Wirth had already developed several improvements to this language as part of the ALGOL X proposals, but these were not accepted and Pascal was developed separately and released in 1970. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985; this was used by Apple Computer and Borland in the late 1980s and later developed into Delphi on the Microsoft Windows platform. Extensions to the Pascal concepts led to the Pascal-like languages Modula-2 and Oberon.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
The Philips CD-i (an abbreviation of Compact Disc Interactive) is an interactive multimedia CD player developed and marketed by Royal Philips Electronics N.V., who supported it from December 1991 into the late 1990s.
In computing, position-independent code (PIC) or position-independent executable (PIE) is a body of machine code that, being placed somewhere in the primary memory, executes properly regardless of its absolute address.
POSIX Threads, usually referred to as pthreads, is an execution model that exists independently from a language, as well as a parallel execution model.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Radisys Corporation is a publicly traded company located in Hillsboro, Oregon, United States that makes technology used by telecommunications companies in mobile networks.
In computer science, real-time computing (RTC), or reactive computing describes hardware and software systems subject to a "real-time constraint", for example from event to system response.
A real-time operating system (RTOS) is an operating system (OS) intended to serve real-time applications that process data as it comes in, typically without buffer delays.
In computing, a computer program or subroutine is called reentrant if it can be interrupted in the middle of its execution and then safely be called again ("re-entered") before its previous invocations complete execution.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
SourceForge is a Web-based service that offers software developers a centralized online location to control and manage free and open-source software projects.
Spawn in computing refers to a function that loads and executes a new child process.
A spreadsheet is an interactive computer application for organization, analysis and storage of data in tabular form.
The SS-50 bus was an early computer bus designed as a part of the SWTPC 6800 Computer System that used the Motorola 6800 CPU.
In computer science, a static library or statically-linked library is a set of routines, external functions and variables which are resolved in a caller at compile-time and copied into a target application by a compiler, linker, or binder, producing an object file and a stand-alone executable.
SuperH (or SH) is a 32-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Hitachi and currently produced by Renesas.
The U.S. company SWTPC started in 1964 as DEMCO (Daniel E. Meyer Company).
Symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) involves a multiprocessor computer hardware and software architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single, shared main memory, have full access to all input and output devices, and are controlled by a single operating system instance that treats all processors equally, reserving none for special purposes.
Technical Systems Consultants (TSC) was a United States software company.
The RadioShack TRS-80 Color Computer (also marketed as the Tandy Color Computer and sometimes nicknamed the CoCo) is a line of home computers based on the Motorola 6809 processor.
A modern computer operating system usually segregates virtual memory into kernel space and user space.
VAX is a discontinued instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the mid-1970s.
VMEbus (Versa Module Europa bus) is a computer bus standard, originally developed for the Motorola 68000 line of CPUs, but later widely used for many applications and standardized by the IEC as ANSI/IEEE 1014-1987.
A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.
WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get".
The is a home computer created by Sharp Corporation, first released in 1987, sold only in Japan.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
The 8-track tape (formally Stereo 8; commonly known as the eight-track cartridge, eight-track tape, or simply eight-track) is a magnetic tape sound-recording technology that was popular in the United States from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s, when the Compact Cassette format took over.