187 relations: Accounting, Amiga, APC (magazine), Application programming interface, ArcaOS, Assembly language, Audit, Australia, Automated teller machine, Baggage handling system, Banco do Brasil, Berkeley Software Distribution, Bill Gates, BIOS, Bochs, Brazil, Business Wire, Byte (magazine), C (programming language), C++, CD-ROM, Code bloat, Comment (computer programming), Commodore International, Common Object Request Broker Architecture, Compaq, Component Object Model, Computer keyboard, Computer virus, Connectix, Cooperative multitasking, Dave Cutler, Deadlock, Denver International Airport, Device driver, Diebold Nixdorf, Digital Equipment Corporation, Display device, DivX, DOS extender, DOS Protected Mode Interface, Dynamic Data Exchange, EComStation, Ed Iacobucci, Electronic business, Embedded operating system, English language, Ethernet, Expanded memory, Extended file attributes, ..., File Allocation Table, File system, Flat memory model, Fork (file system), French language, German language, Graphical user interface, Graphics Device Interface, Hardware virtualization, High Performance File System, History of the graphical user interface, Howard Stern, Hybrid kernel, Hypervisor, IBM, IBM 3745, IBM 3890, IBM Advanced Program-to-Program Communication, IBM Aptiva, IBM Common User Access, IBM Lotus SmartSuite, IBM Notes, IBM PC DOS, IBM Personal System/2, IBM Query Management Facility, IBM System Object Model, IBM Systems Network Architecture, IBM ThinkPad 760, IBM Works, Intel 80286, Intel 80386, Intel 80486, Internet, Internet protocol suite, Italian language, Java (programming language), JFS (file system), JPEG, Jubilee Line Extension, Kate Mulgrew, Keyboard shortcut, LAN Manager, Linux, List of Unix commands, London Underground, Master of ceremonies, Media Control Interface, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Moving Picture Experts Group, MP3, MS-DOS, NCR Corporation, Netscape Navigator, New York City, Non-maskable interrupt, Nortel, NPR, Object Linking and Embedding, Object REXX, Object-oriented programming, Ogg, Open-source model, OpenDoc, OpenVMS, Operating system, Oracle Corporation, P5 (microarchitecture), Parallels (company), Parallels Workstation, Patrick Stewart, Perisher Ski Resort, Personal computer, Portable Network Graphics, Portuguese language, PowerPC, Presentation Manager, Programming productivity, Proprietary software, Protected mode, Protection ring, Public Radio Satellite System, QEMU, Rexx, Russian language, S&P Global, Safeway Inc., Security through obscurity, SelTrac, Shell (computing), SkyTrain (Vancouver), SNCF, Software cracking, Source lines of code, SourceForge, Spanish language, Speech recognition, Star Trek, Star Trek: Voyager, Stop & Shop, Sun Microsystems, Suncorp Group, Symmetric multiprocessing, System call, Team OS/2, Text mode, The Co-operative Bank, Tramlink, Trenitalia, UniVBE, Unix, Vancouver, Virtual 8086 mode, Virtual Control Program Interface, Virtual DOS machine, Virtual machine, VirtualBox, VMware, VxD, Windows 2.0, Windows 2.1x, Windows 3.0, Windows 3.1x, Windows 95, Windows API, Windows NT, Windows Virtual PC, Windows XP, Workplace OS, Workplace Shell, X Window System, X.25, X86, X86 memory segmentation, Xenix, 32-bit. Expand index (137 more) » « Shrink index
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
APC (formerly known as Australian Personal Computer) is a computer magazine in Australia.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
ArcaOS is an operating system developed and marketed by Arca Noae, LLC derived from OS/2, based on the last release by IBM.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
An audit is a systematic and independent examination of books, accounts, statutory records, documents and vouchers of an organization to ascertain how far the financial statements as well as non-financial disclosures present a true and fair view of the concern.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
A baggage handling system (BHS) is a type of conveyor system installed in airports that transports checked luggage from ticket counters to areas where the bags can be loaded onto airplanes.
Banco do Brasil S.A. (Bank of Brazil) is the second largest bank by assets in Brazil and all of Latin America.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of Microsoft Corporation.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
Bochs (pronounced "box") is a portable IA-32 and x86-64 IBM PC compatible emulator and debugger mostly written in C++ and distributed as free software under the GNU Lesser General Public License.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Business Wire is a company that disseminates full-text press releases from thousands of companies and organizations worldwide to news media, financial markets, disclosure systems, investors, information web sites, databases, bloggers, social networks and other audiences.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
Code bloat is the production of code that is perceived as unnecessarily long, slow, or otherwise wasteful of resources.
In computer programming, a comment is a programmer-readable explanation or annotation in the source code of a computer program.
Commodore International (or Commodore International Limited) was an American home computer and electronics manufacturer founded by Jack Tramiel.
The Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) is a standard defined by the Object Management Group (OMG) designed to facilitate the communication of systems that are deployed on diverse platforms.
Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.
Component Object Model (COM) is a binary-interface standard for software components introduced by Microsoft in 1993.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code.
Connectix Corporation was a software and hardware company, noted for having released innovative products that were either made obsolete as Apple Computer incorporated the ideas into system software, or were sold to other companies once they become popular.
Cooperative multitasking, also known as non-preemptive multitasking, is a style of computer multitasking in which the operating system never initiates a context switch from a running process to another process.
David Neil "Dave" Cutler Sr. (born March 13, 1942) is an American software engineer, a designer, and a developer of several operating systems in the computer industry.
In concurrent computing, a deadlock is a state in which each member of a group is waiting for some other member to take action, such as sending a message or more commonly releasing a lock.
Denver International Airport, also commonly known as DIA, is an international airport in Denver, Colorado, United States.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Diebold Nixdorf (pronounced "DEE-bold NIX-dorf") is an American financial self-service, security and services corporation internationally engaged primarily in the sale, manufacture, installation and service of self-service transaction systems (such as ATMs and currency processing systems), point-of-sale terminals, physical security products (including vaults and currency processing systems), and software and related services for global financial, retail, and commercial markets.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).
DivX is a brand of video codec products developed by DivX, LLC.
A DOS extender is a computer software program running under DOS that enables software to run in a protected mode environment even though the host operating system is only capable of operating in real mode.
In computing, the DOS Protected Mode Interface (DPMI) is a specification introduced in 1989 which allows a DOS program to run in protected mode, giving access to many features of the new PC processors of the time not available in real mode.
In computing, Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) is a method of interprocess communication under Microsoft Windows or OS/2.
eComStation or eCS is a PC operating system based on OS/2, published by Serenity Systems and Mensys BV and currently owned and developed by XEU.com.
Edward E. Iacobucci (September 26, 1953 – June 21, 2013) was an American businessman who co–founded Citrix Systems.
Online Business or e-business is a term which can be used for any kind of business or commercial transaction that includes sharing information across the internet.
An embedded operating system is an operating system for embedded computer systems.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
In DOS memory management, expanded memory is a system of bank switching that provided additional memory to DOS programs beyond the limit of conventional memory (640 KB).
Extended file attributes are file system features that enable users to associate computer files with metadata not interpreted by the filesystem, whereas regular attributes have a purpose strictly defined by the filesystem (such as permissions or records of creation and modification times).
File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
Flat memory model or linear memory model refers to a memory addressing paradigm in which "memory appears to the program as a single contiguous address space." The CPU can directly (and linearly) address all of the available memory locations without having to resort to any sort of memory segmentation or paging schemes.
In a computer file system, a fork is a set of data associated with a file system object.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Graphics Device Interface (GDI) is a Microsoft Windows application programming interface and core operating system component responsible for representing graphical objects and transmitting them to output devices such as monitors and printers.
Hardware virtualization is the virtualization of computers as complete hardware platforms, certain logical abstractions of their componentry, or only the functionality required to run various operating systems.
HPFS ("High Performance File System") is a file system created specifically for the OS/2 operating system to improve upon the limitations of the FAT file system.
The history of the graphical user interface, understood as the use of graphic icons and a pointing device to control a computer, covers a five-decade span of incremental refinements, built on some constant core principles.
Howard Allan Stern (born January 12, 1954) is an American radio and television personality, producer, author, actor, and photographer.
A hybrid kernel is an operating system kernel architecture that attempts to combine aspects and benefits of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems.
A hypervisor or virtual machine monitor (VMM) is computer software, firmware or hardware that creates and runs virtual machines.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The IBM 3745 is the latest and last of a 37xx family of communications controllers for the IBM mainframe environment.
Prior to the introduction of computers, cheque processing was performed manually by each institution.
In computing, Advanced Program to Program Communication or APPC is a protocol which computer programs can use to communicate over a network.
The IBM Aptiva personal computer was introduced in September 1994 as the replacement for the IBM PS/1.
Common User Access (CUA) is a standard for user interfaces to operating systems and computer programs.
SmartSuite is an office suite from Lotus Software.
IBM Notes (formerly Lotus Notes; see branding, below) and IBM Domino (formerly Lotus Domino) are the client and server, respectively, of a collaborative client-server software platform sold by IBM.
IBM PC DOS (an acronym for IBM personal computer disk operating system) is a discontinued operating system for the IBM Personal Computer, manufactured and sold by IBM from the early 1980s into the 2000s.
The Personal System/2 or PS/2 was IBM's third generation of personal computers.
IBM DB2 Query Management Facility (QMF) for z/OS is a business analytics software solution developed by IBM.
In computing, the System Object Model (SOM) is an object-oriented shared library system developed by IBM.
Systems Network Architecture (SNA) is IBM's proprietary networking architecture, created in 1974.
IBM ThinkPad 760 was a notebook computer introduced in 1995 by the IBM corporation into the market as part of the ThinkPad 700-series.
IBM Works is an office suite for the IBM OS/2 operating system.
The Intel 80286 (also marketed as the iAPX 286 and often called Intel 286) is a 16-bit microprocessor that was introduced on 1 February 1982.
The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.
The Intel 80486, also known as the i486 or 486, is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
Journaled File System or JFS is a 64-bit journaling file system created by IBM.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
The Jubilee Line Extension is the extension of the London Underground Jubilee line from to through south and east London.
Katherine Kiernan Maria Mulgrew (born April 29, 1955) is an American actress.
In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a series of one or several keys, such as Ctrl+F to search a character string.
LAN Manager was a Network operating system (NOS) available from multiple vendors and developed by Microsoft in cooperation with 3Com Corporation.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
This is a list of Unix commands as specified by IEEE Std 1003.1-2008, which is part of the Single UNIX Specification (SUS).
The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
A master of ceremonies, abbreviated M.C. or emcee, also called compère and announcer, is the official host of a ceremony, a staged event or similar performance.
The Media Control Interface — MCI for short — is a high-level API developed by Microsoft and IBM for controlling multimedia peripherals connected to a Microsoft Windows or OS/2 computer, such as CD-ROM players and audio controllers.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
The NCR Corporation (originally National Cash Register) is a company that makes self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners, and business consumables.
Netscape Navigator was a proprietary web browser, and the original browser of the Netscape line, from versions 1 to 4.08, and 9.x. It was the flagship product of the Netscape Communications Corp and was the dominant web browser in terms of usage share in the 1990s, but by 2002 its use had almost disappeared.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
In computing, a non-maskable interrupt (NMI) is a hardware interrupt that standard interrupt-masking techniques in the system cannot ignore.
Nortel Networks Corporation, formerly known as Northern Telecom Limited, Northern Electric and sometimes known simply as Nortel, was a multinational telecommunications and data networking equipment manufacturer headquartered in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Object Linking & Embedding (OLE) is a proprietary technology developed by Microsoft that allows embedding and linking to documents and other objects.
The Object REXX programming language is an object-oriented scripting language initially produced by IBM for OS/2.
Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which may contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
OpenDoc is a multi-platform software componentry framework standard created by Apple for compound documents, intended as an alternative to Microsoft's Object Linking and Embedding (OLE).
OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood Shores, California.
The first Pentium microprocessor was introduced by Intel on March 22, 1993.
Parallels Inc. is a privately held software company and creator of cross-platform solutions which make it simple for its customers to use and access applications and files on any device or operating system.
Parallels Workstation is the first commercial software product released by Parallels, Inc., a developer of desktop and server virtualization software.
Sir Patrick Stewart, (born 13 July 1940) is an English actor whose career has included roles on stage, television, and film in a career spanning almost six decades.
Perisher (known as Perisher Blue until 2009) is the largest ski resort in the Southern Hemisphere.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
Presentation Manager (PM) is the graphical user interface (GUI) that IBM and Microsoft introduced in version 1.1 of their operating system OS/2 in late 1988.
Programming productivity (also called software productivity or development productivity) describes the degree of the ability of individual programmers or development teams to build and evolve software systems.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
In computing, protected mode, also called protected virtual address mode, is an operational mode of x86-compatible central processing units (CPUs).
In computer science, hierarchical protection domains, often called protection rings, are mechanisms to protect data and functionality from faults (by improving fault tolerance) and malicious behaviour (by providing computer security).
The Public Radio Satellite System (PRSS) is the interconnected satellite-distributed network managed by NPR (National Public Radio), and used by NPR, Public Radio International (PRI), and American Public Media (APM), as well as independent public radio program producers, to distribute programming via satellite to public radio stations across the United States.
QEMU (short for Quick Emulator) is a free and open-source emulator that performs hardware virtualization.
Rexx (Restructured Extended Executor) is an interpreted programming language developed at IBM by Mike Cowlishaw.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
S&P Global Inc. (prior to April 2016 McGraw Hill Financial, Inc., and prior to 2013 McGraw Hill Companies) is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in New York City.
Safeway, Inc., is an American supermarket chain founded in 1915.
In security engineering, security through obscurity (or security by obscurity) is the reliance on the secrecy of the design or implementation as the main method of providing security for a system or component of a system.
SelTrac is a digital railway signalling technology used to automatically control the movements of rail vehicles.
In computing, a shell is a user interface for access to an operating system's services.
SkyTrain is the metropolitan rail system of the Metro Vancouver Regional District, serving Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and surrounding municipalities.
The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.
Software cracking (known as "breaking" in the 1980s) is the modification of software to remove or disable features which are considered undesirable by the person cracking the software, especially copy protection features (including protection against the manipulation of software, serial number, hardware key, date checks and disc check) or software annoyances like nag screens and adware.
Source lines of code (SLOC), also known as lines of code (LOC), is a software metric used to measure the size of a computer program by counting the number of lines in the text of the program's source code.
SourceForge is a Web-based service that offers software developers a centralized online location to control and manage free and open-source software projects.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Speech recognition is the inter-disciplinary sub-field of computational linguistics that develops methodologies and technologies that enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers.
Star Trek is an American media franchise based on the science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry.
Star Trek: Voyager is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe that debuted in 1995 and ended its original run in 2001, with a classic "ship in space" formula like the preceding Star Trek: The Original Series (TOS) and Star Trek: The Next Generation (TNG).
Stop & Shop Supermarket Company, known as Stop & Shop, is a chain of supermarkets/stores located in the northeastern United States.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Suncorp Group Limited is an Australian finance, insurance, and banking corporation based in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) involves a multiprocessor computer hardware and software architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single, shared main memory, have full access to all input and output devices, and are controlled by a single operating system instance that treats all processors equally, reserving none for special purposes.
In computing, a system call is the programmatic way in which a computer program requests a service from the kernel of the operating system it is executed on.
Team OS/2 was an advocacy group formed to promote IBM's OS/2 operating system.
Text mode is a computer display mode in which content is internally represented on a computer screen in terms of characters rather than individual pixels.
The Co-operative Bank plc is a retail and commercial bank in the United Kingdom, with its headquarters in Balloon Street, Manchester.
Tramlink is a light rail tram system serving Croydon and surrounding areas in South London, England.
Trenitalia is the primary train operator in Italy.
UniVBE (short for Universal VESA BIOS Extensions) is a software driver that allows DOS applications written to the VESA BIOS standard to run on almost any display device made in the last 15 years or so.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
In the 80386 microprocessor and later, virtual 8086 mode (also called virtual real mode, V86-mode or VM86) allows the execution of real mode applications that are incapable of running directly in protected mode while the processor is running a protected mode operating system.
In computing, the Virtual Control Program Interface (VCPI) is a specification published in 1989 by Phar Lap Software that allows a DOS program to run in protected mode, granting access to many features of the processor not available in real mode.
Virtual DOS machine (VDM) is a technology that allows running 16-bit/32-bit DOS and 16-bit Windows programs on Intel 80386 or higher computers when there is already another operating system running and controlling the hardware.
In computing, a virtual machine (VM) is an emulation of a computer system.
Oracle VM VirtualBox (formerly Sun VirtualBox, Sun xVM VirtualBox and Innotek VirtualBox) is a free and open-source hypervisor for x86 computers currently being developed by Oracle Corporation.
VMware, Inc. is a subsidiary of Dell Technologies that provides cloud computing and platform virtualization software and services.
VxD is the device driver model used in Microsoft Windows/386, the 386 enhanced mode of Windows 3.x, Windows 9x, and to some extent also by the Novell DOS 7, OpenDOS 7.01, and DR-DOS 7.02 (and higher) multitasker (TASKMGR).
Windows 2.0 is a 16-bit Microsoft Windows GUI-based operating environment that was released on December 9, 1987, and is the successor to Windows 1.0.
Windows 2.1x (marketed as Windows/286 and Windows/386) is a family of Microsoft Windows graphical user interface-based operating environments.
Windows 3.0, a graphical environment, is the third major release of Microsoft Windows, and was released on May 22, 1990.
Windows 3.1x (codenamed Janus) is a series of 16-bit operating environments produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
The Windows API, informally WinAPI, is Microsoft's core set of application programming interfaces (APIs) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Windows Virtual PC (successor to Microsoft Virtual PC 2007, Microsoft Virtual PC 2004, and Connectix Virtual PC) is a virtualization program for Microsoft Windows.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Workplace OS is IBM's experimental operating system of the 1990s.
The Workplace Shell (WPS) is an object-oriented desktop shell (also called Desktop Environment) produced by IBM's Boca Raton development lab for OS/2 2.0.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet switched wide area network (WAN) communication.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
x86 memory segmentation refers to the implementation of memory segmentation in the Intel x86 computer instruction set architecture.
Xenix is a discontinued version of the Unix operating system for various microcomputer platforms, licensed by Microsoft from AT&T Corporation in the late 1970s.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
0S/2, ADOS (OS/2), Advanced DOS, BS/2, BS/2 1.0, BS/2 1.1, BS/2 1.2, BS/2 1.3, Betriebssystem/2, CP/DOS, DOS 286 (OS/2), DOS 5 (OS/2), DOS/286 (OS/2), IBM BS/2, IBM Betriebssystem/2, IBM OS/2, IBM OS2, IBM Operating System/2, Microsoft BS/2, Microsoft Betriebssystem/2, Microsoft OS/2, Microsoft Operating System/2, NEWDOS (OS/2), OS 2, OS/2 1.0, OS/2 1.1, OS/2 1.2, OS/2 1.21, OS/2 1.3, OS/2 2.0, OS/2 2.1, OS/2 Special Edition for Windows, OS/2 Warp, OS/2 Warp 3, OS/2 Warp 3J, OS/2 Warp 4, OS/2 Warp 4.5, OS/2 Warp Connect, OS/2 for Windows, OS2, Operating System/2, Os/2, Os2, Os2 warp, The Integrating Platform, WIN-OS/2, WINOS/2, Warp 3, Warp Server, Win-OS/2, WinOS/2.